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Full text of "The Archdiocese of Chicago : antecedents and developments (1920)"

The Catholic 

['Theological Union ^1 

LIBRARY 
Chicago, Ifl- 



Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive 

in 2010 witii funding from 

CARL!: Consortium of Academic and Researcii Libraries in Illinois 



http://www.archive.org/details/archdioceseofchiOOdesp 



of 



Antecedents and 
Development 




MG SCHOOL PRESS 



BiammiiBiiiimiiiiiMiiiaMMiiiimiiiMiiiM^^^^ 




Srtirrrnb ilatnrB Haniurttr. B. i. 

DiHcovir and Kxploror Jointly with Louis Jollict of the Mis-sissippi 
River and Illinoin in 1B73: Founder of tlic Catholic Chiirc^h In llli- 
nolB, April 11. 1075. Apostle and MlsHlonary.— Krom a paintinR res- 
cued from destruction and vouched for by a nephew. (Thwaltes, 
Jesuit Relations 71, 400, Note 51.) 




^2^ 



T^ HE i)urpose of this publication is to commemorate the 75th an- 
-*- niversary of the erection of the Chicago Diocese, and to put in 
%:^X<1 permanent form the story of the founding and growth of the 
Catholic Church in this region. 

To satisfactorily tell this story somewhat more than a mere 
chronicle of the routine of diocesan work is necessary. As in 
most cases the Church preceded the diocese. For 170 years the true Gos- 
pel had been preached on Illinois soil before the machinery for extended 
local administration was set in motion. Prior to the appointment of the first 
Bishop of Chicago, not less than eleven able prelates located in various parts 
of America, had exercised jurisdiction over the affairs of the Church in Illi- 
nois ; — hence the antecedents are a necessary part of the story of the diocese. 

The circumstances which made Chicago the seat of the diocese are 
notable. Speaking comparatively Chicago is a new community — other settle- 
ments and cities in the country considered. When the State of Illinois was 
admitted to the Union in 1818, there were less than one thousand inhabi- 
tants dwelling north of a line drawn through Springfield in Sangamon 
County. When the first Catholic Church was established in Chicago in 1833, 
there were less than 200 inhabitants of the village. Three years before the 
establishment of the Diocese of Chicago a movement was started for the cre- 
ation of a See at Springfield. Due to the magical growth of the city on the 
lake, however, and the great influx of Catholic population, the Provincial 
Council of Bishops in 1843, felt impelled to recommend the establishment of 
a See for Illinois, and the great growth of Chicago, together with its geograph- 
ical situation, determined them to select Chicago as the seat of the See. 

Only enough of the record antedating the creation of the diocese is 
given, however, to furnish a background for the more intimate story of the 
diocese, and as the Chicago Diocese is the theme, it will be necessary only to 
follow the story into parts included within the diocese. Accordingly, as 
new dioceses have been carved out of the parent province, the territory cov- 
ered by them has been omitted from the story. 

This story is designed to present historical facts and for the purpose of 
the story such facts may be recognized as deeds or events that tend to the 
accomplishments of the aims of the Church. While the lives and activities 
of individuals undoubtedly have, in many circumstances, exercised an influ- 



Page Six Diamond Jubilee Book 

ence upon the degree of success and have accordingly become of historical in- 
terest, yet it is of the Church and not of the individual that this record is 
made. 

Facts or events that connect directly or indirectly with some phase of 
Church endeavor, such as breaches of discipline, petty defections or the like 
which do not permanently influence the aim of the Church or the results 
sought for. but are mere incidents — sometimes unpleasant and annoying, per- 
haps, naturally have no place in such a chronicle, but are, by common consent, 
relegated to the oblivion they deserve. 

It has not been attempted to elaborate the general history of Chicago 
or Illinois. To do so would require much more space than is found at our com- 
mand. Due to the fact, however, that the Church came with the first white 
men who pressed their feet upon our soil, and has been the single, constant, 
unchanging factor in the community, the history of the Church and the State 
are so intermingled that neither can be written without extended reference 
to the other. 

Acknowledgements are due all the reverend clergy, the religious and 
scores of others who have lent their aid in the preparation of this work. 

JOSEPH J. THOMPSON. 
Chicago, May 5, 1920. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Seven 



I. ^C0tnntni^s of (ilatlioUcity in JllUnnts an^ Cl^tcago 




'T^HE diligent research of others has made the task of telling the 
story of the beginnings of the Church in the territory which 
was very early known as Illinois, comparatively light. Indeed, 
the beginning of history in the territory so named is coincident 
with the beginning of the Church. 

Some writers have argued to the effect that there were 
white men in Illinois prior to the coming of Father Marquette. In all such 
cases the persons alluded to as having made prior visits, have been spoken of 
as Catholic priests. Loose statements have been made to the effect that 
"Father Nicollet" (Jean Nicollet, layman) visited the region in 1667 or there- 
about and others have stated that two Jesuit priests were in the neighbor- 
hood of Chicago a few years previous to the visit of Father Marquette. It 
has also been vaguely stated that Robert Cavalier de La Salle may have been 
upon the Illinois River in 1669. 

The most authoritative writers have, however, rejected all these sug- 
gestions, but even if all or any of them be true, the original declaration that 
the Church came with the first white men, is correct. Jean Nicollet, while 
a wanderer on the face of the earth for many years, was a devout Catholic 
and after many years of service begged to be relieved of the duties which 
sent him into exile for long periods expressly for the reasons stated by him 
that he wanted to be closer to the living Church that he might perform his re- 
ligious obligations ! If two or any number of Jesuits visited the region of the 
Illinois River prior to Marquette, they made such visits with the same pur- 
pose in view that all the missionaries had, namely, the spread of the Gospel ; 
and even if the suggestion relating to La Salle has foundation. La Salle, too, 
was a Catholic and always began a journey of exploration in company with 
one or more Catholic missionaries. 

Marquette' s First Voyage. 

The story of the Reverend Jacques Marquette, the renowned Jesuit mis- 
sionary, is well known. How for years before the accomplishment of his 
desires, he longed to go in search of the great river of which the savages had 
told him and to carry the Gospel to all the tribes and nations dwelling upon 
or near it. How in the Mission of the Holy Spirit, at the extremity of 
exploration and discovery, he had communed with wandering bands of 
the Illinois tribes and become filled with a desire to labor for the sal- 
vation of those tribes. How on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception in 





& 





tarlu IBialjojifl of thr JIlltmitB (Cnuntrii 

MOBt Reverend John Carroll. Arohbl.sliop of I{:ilt imorc; UlKht Reverend Bene- 
diet JoMejih FlaKct, Bl.shop of HardHtovfn; RlKht Rivcrcnd .lostph Rosatl, Bishop 
of Ht.L/oulH; Right Reverend Simon Williain Gabriel Brute. Bishop of Vlncetines. 



•D 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Nine 

the year 1672 came the glad tidings brought by Louis Joliet that a voyage of 
discovery to the great river had been entrusted to them, and how on the 17th 
day of May, 1673, they began the momentous journey. A month later to the 
day their tiny barks pushed out of the Wisconsin into the broad, clear waters 
of the great river, until then unseen by white men except when, in 1549, De 
Soto, the Spanish explorer, had in a journey from the Florida region, 
ferried across it and died upon its banks. How he then and there ful- 
filled one of the promises he had made to the Blessed Virgin, that if she 
would use her powerful intercession for the success of his journey, he would 
give the great father of waters the name "The River of the Conception." 
How the little band pushed on down the stream and how Father Marquette 
preached Christ to all the tribes along the river. How having reached the 
mouth of the Arkansas River and having learned that within the distance of 
a few days' travel, the great river emptied into the Gulf of Mexico, the explor- 
ers considered that their task with relation to the discovery of the great riyer 
was concluded and began their return. 

That their discovery might be more complete and that they might meet 
other tribes, they, upon their return journey, entered the Illinois River and 
pursued their homeward way upon its peaceful waters. It will be recalled 
that the little party stopped at the village of the Peoria Indians near Peoria 
Lake, where Father Marquette for three days visited the cabins of the sav- 
ages and preached to them and taught them the truths of the Gospel, and that 
just as they were departing at the water's edge, the good missionary bap- 
tized a dying infant which the faith of its parents had prompted them to bring 
to the priest for that purpose, — whereby the first Christian sacrament was 
administered in the territory now known as Illinois. That a few days later 
they reached the great village of the Kaskaskia Tribe of the Illinois, and 
Marquette in like manner preached and taught them ; that they exacted from 
him a promise, which he most willingly made, that he would return and es- 
tablish the Church amongst them; that returning to the place from which 
their journey was begun, but little more than four months from their de- 
parture. Father Marquette and his companions made reports of their jour- 
ney, and the good missionary immediately set about preparations to fulfill 
his promise to the Kaskaskias. 

Marquette's Second Journey. 

The second journey of the great Jesuit missionary into Illinois, under- 
taken as soon as his health would permit, resulted in the first extended so- 
journ of white men within the limits of what is now the City of Chicago. It 
was on the 4th of December, 1675, that Marquette, this time with but two 
companions, reached the mouth of the Chicago River. The entries in the 
good priest's Journal indicate that after landing he and his companions re- 
mained for a few days at the river's mouth. 

It would be most interesting to be able to trace the exact spot where 
Marquette thus tarried. He notes in his journal that he said Mass every day 



Page Ten Diamond Jubilee Book 

during his sojourn on the Chicago River. Therefore, if we knew just where 
he stopped these first few days, we would know where the first Mass was 
said in the territory now known as Chicago. While we may not be able to 
fix the exact spot, yet it is possible to approximate the location. 

At that time the Chicago River, near what is now State Street, swung 
south and ran nearly parallel with the Lake until it reached what is now 
Madison Street, where it discharged into the Lake. Accordingly, when the 
mouth of the Chicago River was spoken of in the days of Marquette, a spot 
near iladison Street and the Lake is designated. The Lake Shore was then 
a sandy beach and .well suited for camping. Brushwood was easily procur- 
able from the woods nearby for fire and shelter. It is reasonable to suppose, 
therefore, that Marquette's first camp was somewhere on what is now Grant 
Park, near the end of Madison Street. 

In this connection it is interesting to recall, also, that Father Francois 
Pinet, S. J., came to the site of Chicago in 1696 and established a mission 
called the "Angel Guardian." The letters to which we have access referring 
to this mission, justify the belief that it was situated near the mouth of the 
Chicago River and was, no doubt, very near the same spot where Marquette 
sojourned temporarily. 

It is also something of a coincidence that the first permanent site of a 
Church — that of St. Mary's, after its removal in 1836 from the canal lot to 
the property owned by the Church — was at Michigan Avenue and Madison 
Street. 

It appears, therefore, that the Lake front in the neighborhood of 
Madison Street was the original situs of Christianity in Chicago. 

Resuming our narrative, after this apparent digression, it will be re- 
membered that, after dragging their canoe and supplies over the ice two 
leagues up the river, following the main river to its junction with the south 
branch, thence on that branch to a point near the crossing of Robey Street 
and the drainage canal, they encamped on account of Father Marquette's 
illness and were obliged to remain until the 30th of March of the succeeding 
year. Here the first altar was raised in Chicago and Mass was offered up 
daily during the entire stay of the missionary. On the 15th of December, 
1674, the first Mass of the Concej^tion ever celebrated on Illinois soil was 
offered up on Marquette's little altar. From February 1 to February 9 
was performed the first Novena within the territory of Illinois, and the little 
log cabin constructed by Pierre and Jacques, the companions of Father Mar- 
quette, constituted the first church and the first dwelling house in Chicago and 
in all the broad domain of Illinois. 

Establishment of the Church. 

But it was not until the 11th of April, 1675, after the arduous journey 
from Chicago to the great village of the Kaskaskia Indians was completed, 
and after three days of preliminary preparation that the church was officially 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Eleven 

established in what is now known as Illinois. Upon that day, Holy Thursday, 
with all the ceremony and solemnity possible in a savage country, and in the 
presence of five hundred chiefs and elders seated in a circle about him and 
more than fifteen hundred young men respectfully standing behind the elders 
and a large number of women and children massed behind the young men — 
in all an auditory of perhaj^s 3,000 — the great missionary fulfilled both his 
promise to the Indians to return and establish the Church amongst them and 
his other promise made to the Virgin Mary — that of naming the first mis- 
sion to be established by him — "The Mission of the Immaculate Conception." 

Most eloquently did the father speak to his savage auditory, and when 
he had impressed upon them the truths of the Gospel and evidenced the same 
by gifts and presents, according to the customs of the savages, he sanctified 
the ceremony by the celebration of Holy Mass. 

Thus officially began the Catholic Church in Mid-America, with a situs 
which for many years was within the limits of the Chicago Diocese, near the 
modern city of Utica, Illinois. 

This is not the place to dwell upon the details of succession and devel- 
opment in the missionary period. We need only know that with but few 
intervals of vacancies, due to the death of the missionaries and the difficulties 
of travel, the mission first established and others planted by the zealous 
missionaries, continued, and, like the mustard seed of the Gospel, increased 
in numbers of neophytes and converts, becoming also the centers of settlement 
until the territory became civilized and Christianized. 

The voyages of Father Marquette have of recent years been much spoken and written of 
and have become almost our best knoivn lessons in early American history. Marquette's own writ- 
ings upon which all the accounts are based are the most interesting of all the lore upon the subject. 
These consist of a narrative compiled at the Jesuit mission of St. Francis {DePere, Wisconsin) in 
the summer of 1674 after the conclusion of the first voyage, and a journal written as the second 
voyage progressed commencing with a first entry on October 26, I67i, and a final entry on April 6. 
167S. These writings remained in the possession of the Jesuit Fathers until the time of their ban- 
ishment from the Illinois territory in 1773, when they were brought to St. Mary's Convent in Mon- 
treal, where they lay hidden until found by John Gilinary Shea, the worthy' Catholic historian ivho 
published them, together with an English translation, in 18.32. They may be read in SHEA'S DIS- 
COVERY AA'D EXPLORATION OF THE MISSISSIPPI. They may be read in both French and English 
in Vol. LIX of Twaites' monumental work, the JESUIT RELATIONS. An English translation of the 
papers is found in EARLY NARRATIVES OF THE NORTHWEST by Louis Phelps Kellogg, Ph. D. 
Charles Scribners Sons, New York, publishers. Francis Parkman, in his several historical worki, 
sustains all the statements made m this chapter. 



e 




Page Twelve Diamond Jubilee Book 



II. jFornuT Izcclcsiasttcal 3lurisitictiou 



CANADA was the base of the Illinois missions. As early as 1659 
'a Vicar Apostolic had been appointed by the Holy See for the 
diocese of Quebec, which covered the whole of New France. At 
the time that Joliet and Marquette were authorized to make 
their voyage of discovery in which they explored the Missis- 
sippi and Illinois rivers, Right Reverend Jean-Baptiste de la 
Croix, Chevalier de St. Vallier, was Bishop of Quebec. Bishop de St. Vallier 
was a worthy successor of his great predecessor, Right Reverend Francois 
de Montmorency Laval, who was the first bishop of Canada and of New France. 
Bishop Vallier was succeeded by Reverend Louis-Francois Duplessis 
de Mornay as coadjutor in 1713 and as bishop in 1727. Bishop Mornay 
never came to America, but sent as his coadjutor Rev. Pierre-Herman Dos- 
quet, who becafne bishop of the diocese in 1733, and reigned until 1739. The 
next Canadian bishop was Right Reverend Francois-Louis Pourroy de 
I'Auberiviere, who was consecrated in 1739. Unfortunately Bishop I'Auberi- 
viere died a few days after landing at Quebec. In 1741 Right Reverend 
Henri-Marie de Pontbriand was consecrated at Paris and assumed charge of 
the diocese soon after. Bishop Pontbriand proved to be one of the greatest 
of the Canadian Bishops. The next Bishop of Quebec was Right Reverend 
Jean-Oliver Briand, who ruled the diocese from 1766 to 1784. 

Bishop Briand was, therefore. Bishop of Quebec at the close of the 
Revolutionary War, and although the English had conquered the French and 
gained possession of all of the territory of New France, the spiritual control 
of the diocese was not interfered with, and the Illinois country was governed 
by the Bishop of Quebec until a new arrangement was made by the Holy See 
making the United States a separate Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction. 

The American Church. 

The decree organizing the Catholic Church in the United States as a 
distinct diocese, and appointing Very Reverend John Carroll Prefect Apos- 
tolic was issued by Cardinal Antonelli, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation 
de Propaganda Fide, on the 9th of June, 1784. Sparks, the historian, in his 
"Life and Writings of Franklin," says that the Apostolic Nuncio at Paris 
called upon Dr. (Benjamin) Franklin — (who was then representing the 
United States in Paris) — and acquainted him that the Pope had, "on his 
recommendation, appointed Reverend Carroll Superior of the Catholic Clergy 
in America, and stated that he would probably be made a bishop before the 
end of the year." The Bull of Pope Pius VI erecting the diocese of Baltimore 
was issued November 6, 1789. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Thirteen 

Naturally some time elapsed before the new Prefect Apostolic was in- 
stalled and before he was able to make his jurisdiction effective, at least in 
the western country. In due time, however, he extended his solicitude to the 
Illinois country and kept in close touch with the Church. 

The first direct action of Bishop Carroll effecting the Illinois country 
was the authorization of a German Carmelite priest, Reverend Paul de St. 
Pierre, to exercise the functions of the priesthood in the western country. 
Father St. Pierre arrived in the Illinois country in 1785, and took up his sta- 
tion at Cahokia. He ministered in the Illinois country until 1790. Very 
shortly thereafter Bishop Carroll sent a French priest, Reverend Peter Huet 
de la Valiniere, to the Illinois country as his Vicar General. This good 
but erratic priest was here but a few years and superseded Father Gibault 
in local control as Vicar General. The next priests sent to the territory by 
Bishop Carroll were Reverend Michael Levadeau and Reverend Gabriel 
Richard, both Sulpitians. Father Levadeau was sent to Kaskaskia, where he 
officiated from 1793 to 1797, and in which place he was succeeded by Father 
Richard, who remained until 1798. Both of these priests ministered in 
Cahokia also, and were both concerned in the building of the church at that 
place, which still stands. 

Reverend Charles Leander Lusson, a Recollect, was, in 1798, sent by 
Bishop Carroll to Cahokia. 

In 1799 Fathers John and Donatien Olivier were sent by Bishop 
Carroll, Father John being stationed at Cahokia and Father Donatien at 
Kaskaskia and Prairie du Rocher. 

Father Donatien Olivier was the bishop's vicar general and for thirty 
years was the leading spirit of the Illinois country, including Indiana, Illi- 
nois and Missouri. 

During the administration of the Very Reverend Donatien Olivier a 
new diocese was created in Kentucky called the Diocese of Bardstown. Right 
Reverend Benedict Joseph Flaget was appointed first Bishop of Bardstown 
and consecrated November 4, 1810. With the assumption of the episcopal 
duties by Bishop Flaget the direct supervision of the Illinois country passed 
from the hands of Bishop Carroll, but the territory remained within the 
province of Baltimore until 1847. Bishop Flaget seems to have sent but one 
priest into the Illinois country, and that a man of apparently great capacity, 
by the name of Savine. . In the lapse of time Father Savine's baptismal name 
seems to have been lost. Bishop Flaget made two visits to the Illinois coun- 
try, on one of which, in 1814, he was accompanied by Right Reverend William 
Dubourg, Bishop of New Orleans. 

The next change in the ecclesiastical jurisdiction occurred when Pope 
Leo XII, on March 20, 1827, appointed Right Reverend Joseph Rosati Bishop 
of St. Louis. Upon Bishop Rosati's consecration an arrangement was made 
between Bishop Flaget and Bishop Rosati by which Bishop Rosati adminis- 
tered the western and northern part of Illinois. From his consecration. Bishop 



Page Fourteen Diamond Jubilee Book 

Rosati was very active in the affairs of the Church in Illinois. He visited all 
parts of his jurisdiction, however difficult of access. The records show that 
he administered confirmation at Kaskaskia every year from 1830 to 1840 and 
again in 1842. 

As we will be seen, Bishop Rosati effected the organization of Chicago 
through Father St. C>t in 1833. 

In 1834 the diocese of Vincennes was erected, and the Right Reverend 
Simon William Gabriel Brute was appointed Bishop. This diocese included 
Indiana and Illinois, and Bishop Brute immediately took over the adminis- 
tration of Illinois. 

Bishop Brute was very active, and made four visitations through Illi- 
nois. On his first trip through Illinois he was accompanied by Bishops Flaget 
and Purcell ; on his next by these two bishops and Fathers Abel, Hitzelberger 
and Petit. His visits in Illinois included Chicago, and in one of his letters 
to the Leopoldine Association, written in the first year of his episcopate, the 
good bishop says: "Mr. St. Cyr had arrived there from St. Louis and enabled 
the Catholics to make their Easter Communions, so I gave only a few Con- 
firmations and three instructions, one on Saturday and two on Sunday, to 
encourage the rising Catholic congregation on that most important point. It 
is now composed of about 400 souls of all countries, French, Canadians, 
Americans, Irish and a good number of Germans." 

By arrangement with Bishop Rosati, Father St. Cyr, who established 
the first church in modern Chicago, remained for a year after Bishop Brute 
took jurisdiction, but as fast as he was able Bishop Brute supplied new clergy. 

The priests sent here by Bishop Brute were Rev. Bernard Schaefer, 
Rev. Timothy O'Meara, Rev. Maurice de St. Palais and Rev. Francis Joseph 
Fisher, all of whom were stationed in Chicago. 

Bishop Brute died June 26, 1839, and was succeeded by the Rt. Rev. 
Celestine de la Hailandiere, who sent Fathers John Francis Plunket, Hippolyte 
du Pontavice and John Guguen to Illinois. 

It will be seen that some of these pioneer priests were on duty when 
Bishop Quarter arrived and assumed episcopal jurisdiction as the first Bishop 
of Chicago. 

Heady reference may be had to the Catholic Encyclopedia for the several bishops named. 
Their succession has been treated in the ILLINOIS CATHOLIC HISTORICAL REVIEW in several 
articles and more extended references may be found in Shea HISTORY OF THE CATHOLIC 
CHURCH OF THE UNITED STATES. 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Fifteen 



III. ^Irc W^occsc of (Cliicciiui 

THE question of the creation of a new diocese for the State of 
Illinois was under consideration for some little time before the 
Council of Bishops acted. While Father St. Cyr was in Chicago 
his opinion seems to have been sought as to the center of the 
Catholic population, for on July 2, 1834, he wrote to Bishop 
Rosati : "As to the most centrally located place from which to 
visit all the Catholics of Illinois — and I gave the matter particular attention 
during my journey from St. Louis to Chicago — it is, in my opinion, Spring- 
field, one hundred miles from St. Louis and a little over two hundred miles 
from Chicago. Here is the place I should pick out for headquarters as being 
the most suitable for the purpose." 

At the Fourth Provincial Council of Bishops, held May 17, 1840, and 
attended by twelve bishops, citizens of Springfield, Illinois, petitioned the 
bishops to recommend a see at that place, but the petition was denied. 

At the Fifth Provincial Council, held May 14, 1843, sixteen of the then 
existing twenty-three dioceses were represented by their bishops. This Coun- 
cil petitioned for new sees at Chicago, Milwaukee, Hartford and Little Rock, 
and for a vicariate-apostolic in Oregon. They also repeated their request 
for a see at Pittsburg. All of these requests were granted. 

While as has been seen, Illinois had been under the jurisdiction of 
various suffragan bishops, yet the entire state remained in the Province of 
Baltimore until St. Louis was made an archdiocese, October 8, 1847. It was 
quite natural, therefore, that the first Bishop of Chicago should come from 
the Metropolitan See of Baltimore. From 1847, however, the State of Illinois 
continued in the Province of St. Louis until Illinois was, itself, made a pro- 
vince by the creation of the Archbishopric of Chicago. 

During all the years that Illinois constituted a part of the Province of 
St. Louis, the metropolitan of that see exhibited a tender solicitude for his 
suffragan diocese. Most Rev. Peter Richard Kenrick was indeed a tender 
father, and ever mindful of the welfare of the new see. 

It is interesting to note that during all of the years in which the Chi- 
cago Diocese was a part of the Province of St. Louis, the Bishops of Chicago, 
with a single exception, came to us through St. Louis. Right Rev. James 
Oliver Van de Velde, the second; Right Rev. Anthony O'Regan, the third, and 
Right Rev. James Duggan, the fourth, all came from St. Louis, and it appears 
that Archbishop Kenrick was the prime mover in the selection of Right. Rev. 
Thomas Foley, Bishop-Administrator. And again when the diocese was raised 
to the dignity of an archbishopric, a distinguished son of St. Louis and dis- 
ciple of Archbishop Kenrick, Most Rev. Patrick Augustine Feehan, was the 
first honored incumbent. 



Page Sixteen Diamond Jubilee Book 

No one can read the record of these early days of the Church without 
being impressed with the heavy obligations under which Chicago and Illinois 
rest to the great Missouri prelates, Bishop Rosati, in the early days, and the 
great Archbishop Kenrick during the long period from 1847 to 1880. 

It is not given to many men to figure so conspicuously in such large and 
important affairs as did Archbishop Kenrick in the Mid-American Church, 
and his record is one of the most worthy of all the great sons of the Church 
in America. 

The Diocese of Chicago originally embraced the entire state of Illinois 
— the first division occurring when the diocese of Alton was created January 
9, 1857. (The diocese of Quiney had been created July 29, 1853, but the see 
was not occupied.) By this division the southern part of the state was cut 
off from the Chicago diocese, the dividing line being the northern limits of 
the counties of Adams, Brown, Cass, Menard, Sangamon, Macon, Moultrie, 
Douglas and Edgar. 

The territory of the diocese was again reduced when' the diocese of 
Peoria was erected in 1877. By this division the southern boundary of the 
Chicago diocese was fixed as the southern limits of the counties of Whiteside, 
Lee. De Kalb, Grundy and Kankakee. 

By the erection of the Diocese of Rockford, September 23, 1908, the ter- 
ritory of the Chicago Diocese was reduced to the counties of Cook, Lake, Du- 
Page, Kankakee, Will and Grundy. 

The following statistics of the diocese are interesting : Diocesan priests, 
607 ; priests of religious orders, 329 ; total 936. City churches 223 ; churches 
outside city with resident priests, 110; total 333. Country missions with res- 
ident priests, 19; chapels, 50. Diocesan ecclesiastical students, 144; semin- 
aries for religious, 5; students in seminaries, 206; preparatory seminaries, 
1; with 375 students; colleges and academies for boys, 11; students, 5,477; 
academies for girls, 25; students, 4,600; high schools, 22; students, 2,172; 
parochial schools in the city, 202, pupils, 107,062; parochial schools outside 
the city, 79; pupils, 17,225; total number of pupils in the parochial schools, 
124,287; training schools and orphanage for boys, 4, pupils 1,705; industrial 
schools and orphanages for girls 5, pupils 1,120; total young people under 
Catholic care, 14,056; homes for the aged, 5; hospitals, 18; Catholic popula- 
tion (census of 1909), 1,150,000. 



.4 cnnO.SOLOC.y of the catholic lllEIiAIUHY IN THE UNITED STATES hii lit. H,-v. 
Otrrn II. Corrii/iiii. !). D . apprnrud in the January. ltH6. number, continued in .lubsequrnt numher.i 
of the CATHOLIC IIISTOHICAL HEVIEW, Wa-shinyton, D. C. For statistics see OFFICIAL CATH- 
OLIC 1>IHE( TOKY. IfliO. I'. J. Kennedy and Sons, New York, publishers. 




rfMAHiiaif 



Rt. Rev. William Quarter, DD 

First BisKop 1844-1848 






The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Nitveteen 

3Rt0l|t %&\ntt\\ii Uilliam i^xmvitx, p. p. 

Father and, Founder of the Chicago Diocese. 

T was on the morning of the 5th day of May, 1844, that the first 
Bishop of Chicago, Right Rev. William Quarter, D. D., arrived 
at the little frontier settlement, only seven years before organ- 
ized as a city. He had left New York on the 18th of April, and 
by the best transportation available had been seventeen days on 
the way. Although the journey was fatiguing, the bishop 
nevertheless said Mass on the morning of his arrival. 

The young bishop had been sent to th'ese parts to fill the see created as 
a result of the Fifth Provincial Council of American Bishops, held in Balti- 
more, May 14, 1843. At that Council the formation of four new dioceses, 
viz: Chicago, Little Rock, Hartford and Milwaukee and the vicariate-apos- 
tolic for Oregon was recommended. The recommendation of the Council 
was immediately acted upon at Rome, and accordingly in February of the fol- 
lowing year (1844) the Apostolic letters for the consecration of three new 
bishops, who were to be taken from New York, were received in that city. 
The new bishops appointed were Right Rev. William Quarter for Chicago; 
Right Rev. Andrew Byrne for the Diocese of Little Rock, and Right Rev. 
John McCloskey, first appointed Coadjutor of New York. The joint conse- 
cration took place in St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York City, on the 10th of 
March, 1844, and was conducted by the Right. Rev. John Hughes, Bishop of 
New York, assisted by Right Rev. Benedict Joseph Fenwick, Bishop of Boston, 
and Right Rev. Richard Vincent Whalen, Bishop of Richmond. The conse- 
cration ceremony was perhaps the most notable in the history of the country 
at that time. 

An Exemplary Youth. 

Few men who during their lives have attained to great prominence, 
have had the good fortune to have biographers and eulogists speak so earn- 
estly about their childhood and youth as has been the case with Bishop 
Quarter. In every reference to the distinguished ecclesiastic, his childhood 
and youth have been pictured as almost ideal, and his home and family rela- 
tionship such as would naturally tend to mold a character of the kind Bishop 
Quarter possessed. And as might be expected under such circumstances, 
the mother was the dominant influence in that home, especially as regards 
things spiritual. In the mature years of his manhood when he knew the 
world well, the good bishop himself said: "I never saw but one — and that 
one was Bishop Brute — who expressed so tender a devotion as my mother," 
and his intimate associate and personal physician, Dr. John E. McGirr, speak- 



Page Twenty Diamond Jubilee Book 

ing of the good bishop, says, "how often did he thank God for having given 
him such a mother, and he seemed never to weary of repeating incidents of 
her kindness, goodness and watchf uhiess. Frequently he said, 'I owe all that 
I am to her : I would never have been a priest but for her.' A tear would 
gather in his bright eye and steal over his careworn cheek, while he breathed 
a prayer to God that he might meet his mother again in his Father's house 
after he had accomplished his earthly pilgrimage." 

The youth grew up virtually within the Church. At the tender age of 
seven years he began as acolyte to serve Mass and "never felt so happy as 
when he served at that holy sacrifice for the priest who officiated at his Fath- 
er's house." 

Training and Education. 

The early education of the devout youth was taken in hand by his 
mother, who was a woman of excellent education. "He devoted himself as- 
siduously to his duties and mastered every branch and overcame every diffi- 
culty with which he grappled " So rapid was his progress that at the 

age of eight years he was fitted to enter a boarding school. Immediately 
after having made his first communion he left home for Tullamore, where he 
entered the academy of the Rev. Mr. Deran, a retired Presbyterian clergyman, 
known as one of the best classical scholars in Ireland. After two years here 
he entered the academy of John and Thomas Fitzgerald in the same town, 
where he completed his course of studies preparatory to entering the college 
at Maynooth. 

But young Quarter did not make his studies in Maynooth. There he 
conceived the desire induced by the accounts of a good priest, Father Mc- 
Auley, who had been to America and returned for a visit to Ireland, to come 
to America, and his studies were to be finished elsewhere. 

On the 10th of April, 1822, when but sixteen years of age, William 
Quarter left his native land for America. The vessel in which he sailed 
landed at Quebec. He presented himself to the bishop of that city, and asked 
to be enrolled as an ecclesiastical student, but his youth was urged as an 
objection, one which, of course, he could not remove. He next applied to the 
Bishop of Montreal, where the same objection was raised. He then went to 
Mount St. Mary's College at Emmitsburg, Maryland, where he applied 
to the president of the college, Reverend John DuBois, afterward Bishop 
of New York. 

Here his youth, instead of militating against him, operated in his favor, 
and he was straightway enrolled in that institution. He entered upon his 
studies on the 8th of September, and so thorough had been his training in 
mathematics and the classical studies, that he was at once placed in charge 
of the classes of Greek, Latin and algebra, and in the second year of his resi- 
dence at Mount St. Mary's he was appointed professor of the Greek and 
Latin languages. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Twenty-one 

There is abundance of evidence of the industry and also of the piety 
with which the young student pursued his work at Mt. St. Mary's. Among 
all the professors and students he was highly esteemed on account of his 
clear mind, sound judgment, tender disposition, firm friendship and great 
devotion. An incident is cited to prove his piety. "One year after having 
entered the seminary, the young man was appointed sacristan. For the dis- 
charge of the duties of sacristan, he prepared himself by approaching the 
Holy Sacraments of Penance and Eucharist, and he went on his bare knees 
from the door of the church to the sanctuary, so unworthy did he consider 
himself. It was with fear and trembling that he placed his hands upon the 
chalice which contained the sacred blood of Jesus Christ." His biographer 
tells us that "in his long ministry familiarity did not diminish one iota of this 
his earlier respect and veneration." 

Ordination to the Priesthood. 

On the 14th of September, 1829, he left the seminary for New York. 
He reached New York on Wednesday evening, the 16th of the same month, and 
on Thursday morning, September 17, 1829, he received at the hands of Bishop 
DuBois the clerical tonsure, minor orders and sub-deaconship ; on Friday 
morning, the 18th, deaconship, and on Saturday morning he was raised to the 
dignity of the priesthood. He was still under 23 years of age, and accord- 
ingly a dispensation had to be secured for his ordination. 

From his ordination until he departed for Chicago, his labors were in 
New York City, chiefly at St. Mary's. Much might be told of the piety, en- 
ergy and fervor of the young priest and his untiring labors amongst the 
victims of the cholera, and his great works of education and charity. They 
were, however, but of a piece with what he subsequently did in his new diocese. 

Begins Work in Chicago. 

When Bishop Quarter arrived in Chicago he found the old church a 
low frame building with a small steeple and bell. A new church was in the 
course of construction. The brick walls of the new church were raised and 
the structure was under roof. The building was not plastered, and a tem- 
porary altar was placed against the wall. There was no vestry; the 
sanctuary was enclosed with rough boards. There were neither columns 
nor steps nor doors, except temporary ones made of rough boards, and there 
was, worst of all, a debt of about $3,000 on the church. The adjoining lot, 
where the Convent of Mercy was later erected, was also incumbered to the 
extent of $1,000 — the whole of the purchase price — and there was a debt of 
$400 on the cemetery, totaling nearly $5,000, bearing interest at from ten to 
twelve per cent. Such was the condition of the Church in Chicago when 
Bishop Quarter took possession of his see. 

"He considered it impossible that the congregation of St. Mary's in 
Chicago could at that time pay the debt upon and finish their church, and. 



Page Twenty-two Diamond Jubilee Book 

therefore, he and his brother united their funds and paid it with their own 
private means." 

This generosity on the part of the bishop and his brother inspired the 
flock to renewed efforts, and so earnestly and successfully did they labor 
that in about a year they had the happiness of kneeling before the new altar 
of their finished church, "whose glittering spire and golden cross reflect the 
first rays of the morning sun as it rises out of the bosom of the broad and 
beautiful Lake IMichigan. This was the first, and at that time, the only 
steeple in Chicago, and its cross, the emblem of man's salvation, perched upon 
the summit of that steeple, was the first object that presented itself to the 
traveler approaching the harbor from the lake or far away upon the prairie, as 
his eye rests upon the City of the Plain." 

" The Scarcity of Priests. 

But while the backward condition of the temporalities of the Church 
was a cause of much concern, the dearth of priests was the most serious dif- 
ficulty with which the new bishop had to contend. As we have seen, the 
territory, just prior to the coming of Bishop Quarter, had been under the jur- 
isdiction of the Bishop of Vincennes. The clergymen laboring in Chicago 
and the eastern part of the state were therefore subject to that diocese, and 
the Bishop of Vincennes recalled all his priests. With the exception of two, 
the priests immediately responded to the call of their bishop. Unwilling to 
leave unprotected the souls committed to their spiritual charge, Rev. Maurice 
de Saint Palais, who afterward became Bishop of Vincennes, and the Rev. 
Francis Joseph Fisher, remained until after the arrival of Bishop Quarter. 
Early in the month of June, however, the Bishop of Vincennes commanded 
their return under penalty of suspension. They were, therefore, obliged to 
depart and leave the new bishop without a priest in Chicago. Fortunately 
the bishop was able, in the same month of June, to ordain three young semi- 
narians. These first ordained priests of the Chicago Diocese were Rev. Pat- 
rick McMahon, Rev. Bernard McGorrisk and Rev. Jeremiah A. Kinsella. It 
may as well here as elsewhere be stated that during the four years that 
Bishop Quarter administered the Diocese of Chicago, he ordained 21 priests. 

Advancing Religion and Education. 

The marvelous accomplishments of Bishop Quarter in his new western 
diocese have been dwelt upon by many. It has been pointed out that within 
less than a month after his arrival in Chicago — to be exact, on the 3rd of 
June, 1844 — he opened a Catholic school, the germ of the University of St. 
Mary of the Lake. This school was opened in the building formerly used as 
a church, and was begun with two professors and six students. So anxious 
was he to establish schools of the order in which the very highest kind of 
literary and scientific learning would be imparted, together with the proper 
religious instruction, that he determined to establish a university, and on the 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Twenty-three 

19th of December, 1844, a bill was passed by the Legislature of Illinois incor- 
porating "The University of St. Mary of the Lake." 

Immediately Bishop Quarter took up the establishment of a seminary 
to provide funds for which he betook himself to New York as a holy beggar. 
He left Chicago early in April, 1845, and was absent for four months, and 
during that time collected a considerable sum of money, which enabled him 
to commence the erection of the building. The building of the seminary was 
begun on the 17th of October, and so rapidly did the work progress that it was 
under roof by the 22nd of November. 

The work of the first year of Bishop Quarter has been thus summed up : 
"His cathedral was finished and paid for — his college and seminary were in 
progress. He had supplied with priests many missions heretofore deprived 
of the consolation of religion, and although he came to a diocese almost 
stripped of clergymen he had now a goodly array with which to battle against 
the powers of darkness. He had ordained seven young men and occasionally 
an American, Irish or German priest pursued his way to this far out corner 
of the Church, thus adding to his number and his strength." 

New Churches. 

At this time, however, the congregation had outgrown the church ac- 
commodations. Catholics had begun now to pour in from other and distant 
cities, and St. Mary's Church was already too small. A new church was 
required, and on the 10th of March, 1846, the frame of St. Patrick's Church, 
on the west side of the river, was erected by the Bishop's brother, the Very 
Rev. Walter J. Quarter, who became the first pastor of that church. In the 
same month was commenced the erection of two German Catholic Churches, 
one on the west side and one on the south side of the main river. 

The University of St. Mary of the Lake. 

The Seventh Provincial Council of American Bishops was held in Balti- 
more that year, and attended by Bishop Quarter. Immediately upon his 
return the bishop opened his new seminary. The last touch of the painter's 
brush had been given the building, and on the 4th of July, 1846, the uni- 
versity was opened, with proper ceremonials, for the reception of the pupils. 
This historic school, the first institution for higher education established in 
the City of Chicago, began its career with two professors, two teachers and 
sixteen pupils. It proved a successful institution, and Bishop Quarter had 
the happiness during his life of seeing "the sapling become the oak tree," with 
a faculty of eleven professors, four tutors and a student roll of 125. This 
worthy monument to the memory of Chicago's first bishop existed for twenty 
years, and within its walls were educated many men of merit and capacity. 
The charter is still in force, and the welcome announcement has just been 
made that a greater institution will arise under the same devoted title. 



Page Twenty-four Diamond Jubilee Book 

Thus, due to the zeal and capabilities of Bishop Quarter, Chicago had 
now a college ; a seminary ; two churches for the English-speaking residents, 
St. Mary's and St. Patrick's, and two German churches, St. Peter's and St. 
Joseph's, and the remainder of the diocese was brought into a flourishing 
condition. There was still, however, an unsupplied demand. The male 
youths were furnished with good schools and proper facilities for instruction, 
but the female portion had as yet no educational facilities. 

The Sisters of Mercy. 

In order to supply this need it was necessary to procure a community 
of teaching sisters, and to that end Bishop Quarter applied to Bishop Michael 
O'Connor of Pittsburg, and was granted a branch of the Order of the Sisters 
of Mercy. 

On the 23rd of September, 1846, five members of that order, accom- 
panied by their superioress. Sister Mary Francis Ward, and Very Rev. Walter 
Quarter — who had been sent by the bishop to conduct them — arrived in Chi- 
cago. These sisters were Mary Agatha O'Brien, Superioress of the new 
foundation; Mary Vincent McGirr, Mary Gertrude McGuire, Mary Eliza 
Corbett and Mary Eva Smidt. 

Accommodations were not, of course, of the best, but the bishop was 
solicitous for his new aids, and gave up his own residence — by no means a 
sumptuous one — to the sisters. His biographer says : "Poor as it was, it was 
a palace compared to the one to which he, himself, removed when he resigned 
it to them for their convent." 

The schools of the Sisters of Mercy were at once opened and well at- 
tended. The Sisters of Mercy thus established "laid the foundations of all of 
the Catholic institutions established in Chicago during the ten years after 

their coming. In 1846, they were alone in the field They opened the 

first parochial school, which was a free one; the first select school; the first 
academy; the first working girls' home; the first orphanage; the first hos- 
pital; the first five parochial schools; the first night school for adults, and 
later on the first Catholic training school for nurses in the state, and the first 
Catholic college for women (St. Xavier's) in Chicago. But the labors of 
the Sisters of Mercy are to be told elsewhere. 

The First Diocesan Synod. 

In the month of April, 1846, Bishop Quarter summoned a Diocesan 
Synod, the composition of which gives us an opportunity to note the progress 
of the diocese. It appears that there were at that time in the diocese forty- 
one priests, although only thirty-two of them were present at the Synod. The 
principal work of the Synod was the formation of the statutes of the diocese, 
but the association proved most helpful. 

On November 27, 1846, Bishop Quarter addressed a letter to the Presi- 
dent of the Leopoldian Association in Vienna, to whom he detailed the then 
present situation of his diocese : 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Twenty-five 

"I have the pleasure to inform you that during the year 1846, three new churches, 
built of wood, were begun and will be completed in 1847. Furthermore, I have pur- 
chased a temple from the well-known sect, the Mormonites, and converted it into a 
suitable Catholic Church. To the German church I donated a site of no small value, 
and it will also be completed soon and represent a total value of five thousand dol- 
lars. These churches have, as far as possible, been equipped with everything neces- 
sary for the solemnization of divine services. A German priest conducts the services 
alternately in the German and English church. In the past year eight missions were 
started in the diocese, and I have provided them with necessities as far as lay in my 
power. The bishop must defray all the expenses incurred, even the traveling expenses 
of the itinerant missionaries, although he, himself, has no fixed income, and applies the 
funds so generously contributed by Europe toward liquidating old debts and sup- 
porting the missionaries. I confide now, as in the past, in the assistance of Divine 
Providence, and I humbly pray that my trust may not be in vain. The Almighty 
hand of God, His Goodness and Mercy is the controlling power in all other human 
events. Surely He will not withdraw His aid in matters which are of such vital in- 
terest to His Church. 

"An indebtedness of ten thousand dollars still rests heavily upon my shoulders, 
the greater part of which was contracted by the extremely necessary erection of the 
Cathedral Church. The bishop and his vicars-general, in their solicitude, annually 
travel over the vast undulating prairies, which even now number fifty-five thousand 
Catholics, of whom about twenty-eight thousand are Germans, to determine where 
and how to erect new parishes to meet the demands and the needs of the ever-increas- 
ing population, caused 'by an uninterrupted stream of immigration, principally from 
Westphalia and the Kingdom of Bavaria. Whenever the needs and circumstances 
demand it, I send them a priest of the diocese, of! whom I already have forty-^ight. 
Twenty-one of this number have received their Holy Orders from me." 



First Theological Conference. 

In this same year Bishop Quarter established a new departure in Amer- 
ican ecclesiastical affairs by calling a theological conference, on the 18th of 
November, which became an institution of his diocese. A similar conference 
was held twice each year, and the places selected for holding them were Chi- 
cago, Alton and Galena. All the clergymen of the diocese at these confer- 
ences were questioned concerning tracts on theology designated by the master 
of the conference ; questions pertaining to the holy calling and duties of the 
clergymen — regarding the rubrics of the Roman Missal and the statutes of 
the diocese — were discussed. 

The bishop was active in every direction and early took up the question 
of societies for the laity. He instructed the Sisters of Mercy to establish the 
Sodality of the Blessed Virgin for the girls and in a pastoral urged the estab- 
lishment of a confraternity : 

"We earnestly recommend," reads the pastoral, "the clergy to establish in their 
congregations, if they have not already done so, the Confraternity of the Rosarj' or 
of the Immaculate Heart of Mary ; and we as strongly recommend to the faithful to be- 
come members, and so endeavor to partake of the spiritual benefits and privileges 
granted to those societies. Let parents urge their children to join these religious 
societies, and so will they discover the happy results in their obedience, gentleness 
and faithful attention to their Christian duties " 

He also directed the instructors in the Academy of St. Joseph to form 
among the boys a St. Joseph's Society. 



Page Twenty-six Diamond Jubilee Book 

The Hibernian Benevolent Immigration Society. 

There is perhaps no feature of his work in which his benevolence shows 
out clearer than in that directed to the benefit of the more dependent classes, 
and especially of the more or less helpless Irish immigrants, who were con- 
stantly arriving in the territory. His biographer says "he saw them having 
escaped the bloodhounds of poverty, met, as they landed upon the shores of the 
new world, by the harpies who watched for them. He knew the feelings of 
their generous hearts, and that they had learned at home to love America, her 
institutions and her people." In many cases the good bishop had observed 
that they had been set upon by rascals and "were beggared at the moment of 
their confidence and thrown penniless in a strange land upon the cold charity 
of the world." 

"Such was the fate from which Bishop Quarter wished to save his people. He 
wished to see them no longrer the tools of a desijrner — he wished to see them stand 
forth among their fellow freeman in the majesty of their nature, asserting the old 
dignity of which ages of oppression had not altogether deprived them, and, therefore, 
he originated the Chicago Hibernian Benevolent Immigrant Society. This association 
•was gotten up to bid the stranger welcome to his new home — to guard him from imposi- 
tion — to advise and to direct him — to furnish him with timely charity if need be. The 
advantages which the immigrant derives from such associations are known only to 
those who may have benefited by them, and many a one will now be found to bless the 
memory of Bishop Quarter for benefits derived from this Chicago Society." 

Parochial and Mission Work. 

"To all his other activities, Bishop Quarter added much parochial and mission 
work. He was continually teaching or preacliing. He taught in the University nearly 
all the time and it was habitual with him to prepare and deliver series of lectures. It 
was in the course of one such series, during Leut and on Passion Sunday, that the call 
to his reward came. On leaving the pulpit he felt very much fatigued and showed 
signs of weakness during Vespers. At about two o 'clock the next morning, April 10, 
1848, Father McElhearn, who dwelt in the house with the bishop, was awakened by 
moans and hurrying instantly to the bishop's room, found him quite ill and com- 
plaining of a severe pain in his head. With commendable prudence, Father McEl- 
hearn, after first summoning medical aid, administered all the rites and consolations 
of the Church, whereupon the good bishop, having uttered the words, 'Lord have 
mercy upon my poor soul,' died as peacefully as if entering upon a profound sle^ep." 

Death Calls 

We have been left a most interesting recital of the death bed scene by 
an eye witness : 

"When I entered his room, liis devoted clergymen of the city wen; around him; 
and though no relative was there to receive his last sigh, there were those beside him 
who loved him dearly— very dearly. Not a word was .spoken as 1 passed to his bed- 
side. The dear bishop lay as if in a quiet .slumber; I reached for his arm; explored 
the wrist for the pulse and the cold hands dropped from my grasp. I placed my ear 
upon the chest to ascertain whether life might not yet be standing, tottering upon 
the threshold of eternity, but I listened in vain. Tlie spirit had departed from its 
earthly tenement — had shaken off its mortal shackles — had passed the bourne; and 
that lately warm and noble heart had ceased its pulsation forever! The tongue that 
pleaded so eloquently for the truth he taught, would plead no more. 

"I knew that for him life's volumes were closed,' but how could I speak that 
knowledge. What a scene of woe would one simple word disclose! Oh, how true is 
it that to us is given the power to cause the blush of hope to mantle the pale cheek. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Twenty-seven 

or to speak tho words that will make it iniicr still I Oil, luiw jiitifully did I feel this 
as I turned from tliat hod and wliispcrcd ilic w(ird, 'Dead!'" 

Needless to say this sudden death of the beloved bishop was a shock to all 
who knew him and had learned to love him. Bishop Quarter was universally- 
loved by Catholics and non-Catholics alike and universally mourned. His fu- 
neral obsequies were, of course, notable and the cenotaph raised by the gener- 
ous gifts of the people of Chicago, regardless of religious affiliation, was most 
worthy, but no monument could surpass the works which he had accomplished. 
As proof of this we need only glance over the record as written down by 
himself in the last pastoral he penned : 

A Record of Achievements 

"The great increase in the number of the Catholic population of this city may 
be inferred from the followinar faets : In the year 1844, when we took possession of 
this See, there was only one Catholic Church in the City of Chieafro. There are now 
four, together with the 'Chapel of the Holy Name of Jesus," attached to 'The Univer- 
sity of St. Mary of the Lake." This one Catholic Church, then under roof, but not 
finished, accommodated all the Catholics on Sullda.^•s. The German Catholics, the Irish 
and American Catholics, assembled within its walls to assist at the divine mysteries, 
and were not pressed for room. The German Catholic Churches of St. Peter' and St. 
Joseph have since been built, the Catholic Church of St. Patrick also, which has lately 
been enlarged by an addition capable of containing as many as the original edifice. 
The University of St. Mary of the Lake has been built within that time, to which is 
attached the Chapel of the Holy Name of Jesus ; as also the Convent of the 'Sisters 
of Mercy' which has its domestic chapel. Now, all those places, set apart for the wor- 
ship of God and for the celebration of the august sacrifice of the mass, are crowded 
every Sunday to overflowing with Catholics. What stronger proof is needed of the 
great and rapid increase of Catholics in this city. But not only in Chicago, but 
throughout the diocese, is the increase of Catholics apparent. Within the last few 
j'ears Catholics have purchased here Congress and other lands to a large amount; 
and in various parts of the State of Illinois are townships owned chiefly by Catho- 
lics. Immigration from Ireland, from Canada, and from Catholic portions of Ger- 
many, has contributed much to this result : nor is there to all appearances any likeli- 
hood that the number of such immigrants will be diminished this j^ear or for years 
to come. Indeed, the calculation is that there will be a larger immigration of Cath- 
olics to this State the present year than any preceding one. 

"And his biographer thus epitomizes his great achievements: 'During the peri- 
od of his episcopacy he ordained twenty-nine priests, built thirty churches, ten of 
which were either of brick or stone. He began his labors with six clergymen in his 
diocese and not one ecclesiastical student ; he left it with fifty-three clergymen and 
twenty ecclesiastical students. And on all the improvements made by him in Chi- 
cago, there was not one cent of debt."" 

Such were the qualifications and characteristics and such the achieve- 
ments of Rt. Rev. William Quarter, the first bishop of the Chicago Diocese. 

His Virtues Estimated 

An observant writer says : "He was, if possible, more beloved by Prot- 
estants than by Catholics, and his forbearance with those outside the fold 
was remarkable. 'Protestants do not hate Catholic doctrines,' he would say; 
'they hate only the doctrines attributed to us by our enemies.' 

"His capacity for work was striking. It seemed as if, like St. Alfonso, 
he had made a vow never to waste a moment. All the virtues one looks for 



Page Twenty-eight Diamond Jubilee Book 

in a high station he possessed in an eminent degree, with a sweetness, kind- 
ness and gentleness that won all hearts. He was the fearless defender of the 
workingnian and the poor, but his most conspicuous quality was intense de- 
votion to Catholic education. To the advancement of this noble cause he con- 
tributed his private fortune, his best efforts, his most fervent prayers. The 
lambs of his flock were his treasures. He made himself one with them to 
draw them to God. When the schools were in successful operation, ground 
was set apart for an orphanage and a hospital. And the sisters, perhaps 
more than any other religious body, shared the general prosperity." 

The Burial of Bishop Quarter 

His biographer has left us a minute description of the manner of the 
great bishop's burial. His remains were buried beneath the sanctuary in 
front of the altar of his cathedral, there enclosed in a vault purposely erected 
for the reception. The body was embalmed by the writer of the memorial. 
It is enclosed in three coffins — the inner one of black walnut with a silver 
cross upon it bearing the following inscription : "RIGHT REVEREND 
WILLIAM QUARTER, D. D., FIRST BISHOP OF CHICAGO, CONSE- 
CRATED MARCH 10, 1844: DIED APRIL 10, 1848. REQUIESCAT IN 
PACE." 

"The vault is built of brick and lined with water-proof cement. On 
the top of it and even with the floor of the cathedral is placed a beautiful 
white marble cross about six feet long. Upon the top part of this cross is 
engraved in bas-relief the Bible and the Missal, surrounded with a halo of 
glory. Resting upon these are the cross, the crozier and the mitre, and un- 
derneath the whole, joined by a band in the center are two laurel wreaths, 
which extend around the design so as to embrace three parts of it. On the 
horizontal part of the cross is engraved in raised Roman letters, the follow- 
ing inscription : RIGHT REVEREND WILLIAM QUARTER, D. D., FIRST 
BISHOP OF CHICAGO, CONSECRATED MARCH 10, 1844: DIED APRIL 
10, 1848, AGED 42 YEARS. On the lower end is engraved in sunken letters, 
Requiescat iji Pace. At the head of the cross and in the step of the altar is 
a marble step about two feet, four inches long, on the rises of which is a 
scroll bearing the following inscription: PRETIOSA IN CONSPECTU 
DOMINI, MORS SANCTORUM EJUS." 

The Catholics and non-Catholics of Chicago erected to the memory of 
the great bishop a beautiful cenotaph. It was built after the style of similar 
monuments in the churches of Europe. It stood in the south wall of the then 
cathedral within about two feet of the south altar and was seven feet, four 
inches high by four feet, three inches wide, projecting eight inches from the 
side of the wall. The whole stood upon two trusses placed about four feet 
from the floor. Resting on these was a small projecting base upon which 
stood two plain pilasters surmounted by plain caps and a plain Roman arch, 
the faces of which were on a level with the wall forming the inner recess. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Twenty-nine 

Upon this arch was engraved in bold Roman letters "GLORIA IN EXCEL- 
SIS DEO." 

In the rear of the arch and of the pilasters and constituting the recess, 
stood the back plate upon which was engraved in bold bas-relief the Bible, the 
Missal, the halo of glory, the cross, the crozier, the mitre and the laurel 
wreath, as before described. This recess was twenty-one inches wide, and 
four feet, eight inches in height. Outside of the foregoing work were the 
wall plates, slightly Gothic on the top. 

These plates rested upon the outer end of the base before mentioned, 
projecting two and a half inches from the wall. Against these and the plain 
pilasters stood a pair of pilasters projecting outwards about six inches, under 
and upon which were Grecian bases and capitals. The principal mouldings 
on the caps were ornamented with cornice-leaf engravings. 

Between the outside pilasters and resting upon the base stood the sar- 
cophagus, the height of which was three feet four inches, and the width three 
feet five inches. The mouldings on the caps were ornamented with leaf en- 
gravings. On the face of the sarcophagus were sculptured heavy folds of 
drapery, under and between which was engraved in raised Roman capitals, 
the foflowing inscription: "RIGHT REVEREND WILLIAM QUARTER, 
D. D., FIRST BISHOP OF CHICAGO." 

On the top of the sarcophagus stood a richly ornamented urn, fifteen 
inches high, the whole presenting a most beautiful and striking appearance 
as you approached the altar from the door of the church. 

This rather lengthy description of the first resting place of the remains 
of Bishop Quarter is thought to be justified in view of the fact that the tablets 
and monument described are now but a memory. The great fire which swept 
over Chicago in 1871, levelled in its path the cathedral and destroyed these 
monuments. The cenotaph was not, however, wholly destroyed. Portions of 
the monument were brought, after the fire, to St. Xavier's, where "the sisters 
prize its remains and part of the marble altar of the old convent as relics. 
The letters in relief were badly broken. 'W and *M' and part of the name 
'Quarter' were all that could be deciphered." 

When it became possible to do so, after the fire, the remains of the 
beloved bishop were transferred to the vault in Calvary cemetery, and when 
the magnificent mausoleum was completed by Archbishop Quigley in Mount 
Carmel cemetery, the precious remains were removed there in 1912. 

Bishop Quarter kept a diary from the time he left Xew York for Chicago to near the dan of 
his death and thus has left a most valuable source for an authentic history of his time and labors. 
Soon after his death, by the use of this diary and from his personal knowledge. Dr. John E. McGirr, 
a brilliant lawyer and physician who lived in Chicago during all of the administration of Bishop 
Quarter and was one of the professors in the Uiiirersily of St. Mary of the Lake as well as the 
attending physician and very intimate friend of the Bishop, irrote a LIFE OF BISHOP QUARTER, 
notably true to the facts and chaste and eloquent in language. The Bishop Quarter Diary, icith a 
continuance by Rev. Walter J. Quarter, brother of the bishop, who was Vicar-General of the Diocese 
and became administrator after Bishop Quarter's death, was published in full in a SOUVE.MR OF 
THE SILVER JUBILEE I.\ THE EPISCOP.\TE OF HIS GRACE. THE .MOST REV. PATRICK 
AUGUSTISE FEEHAN. ARCHBISHOP OF CHICAGO, compiled and edited by Rev. James J. McGovern, 
D. D. This publication contains aUo a sketch of Bishop Quarter and the other bishops of Chicago as 
well as an account of the Silver Jubilee of Archbishop Feehan from which, many facts have been 
dratcn for the present work. For more extended mention of Bishop Quarter's parish work, see the 
Chapters on THE CLERGY and on THE PARISHES. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago ' Page Thirty-one 

J^tQllt 3Rettcrcn^ %m\us (iUtrcr Ban it l^clbe 

Qlhp Eloqupnt 3lfflmt. ^rronb liBljop of (EI|trago 




pT THE time of the death of Bishop Quarter, his brother, Rev- 
erend Walter Quarter, vicar-general of the diocese, was in 
Galena engaged in securing property for the purpose of estab- 
lishing a convent school to be in charge of the Sisters of Mercy. 
Word was sent to him by messenger— there being no telegraph 
or telephone connections in those days. A horseback rider, how- 
ever, made the journey in all haste. Father Quarter arrived in Chicago on 
April 13, and was, of course, much grieved at the death of his illustrious 
brother. 

After the funeral ceremonies Father Quarter assumed the direction 
of the diocese, and entered upon the duties thereof with the spirit and deter- 
mination of his dead brother. 

Aside from the episcopal duties which devolved upon him, the very 
year of Bishop Quarter's death proved a trying one on account of sickness 
among the large numbers of immigrants who came to Chicago in that year. 
Coming by boat, many of them were stricken with ship fever and landed here 
in a helpless condition. To care for these sufferers a shed was built as a 
temporary hospital on the lake shore north of the north pier of the Chicago 
harbor. Their sufferings and destitution on account of lack of medical care 
and proper nourishment were appalling. Being advised of the state of these 
sufferers, Father Quarter went to their assistance and gave them all the 
help of which he was capable. He made daily visits, nursed them, adminis- 
tered the sacraments to the dying and buried the dead. 

Shortly after the death of Bishop Quarter, Right Reverend John Hughes, 
Bishop of New York, paid Chicago a visit and remained for three days, con- 
soling the clergy and laity in their bereavement. 

On September 27, 1848, Father Quarter received a letter from the 
Archbishop of Baltimore, Most Reverend Samuel Eccleston, notifying him 
that he had been appointed by the Holy See administrator of the diocese, 
with all jurisdiction except what belonged to the episcopal character. In the 
same year, on December 14, Father Quarter received another letter from 
Archbishop Eccleston notifying him that the Very Rev. James Oliver Van de 
Velde had been nominated by the Holy See as second Bishop of Chicago. 
Bishop Van de Velde was not consecrated, however, until February 11, 1849, 
and did not take possession of his See until April 1, 1849. 

During the interim Father Quarter, knowing well the wishes of his 
illustrious brother, carried out in detail the work that was begun and that 



Page Thirty-two ' Diamond Jubilee Book 

devolved upon him, and by his recognized wisdom, sterling ability and gentle- 
ness of character, established himself firmly in the hearts of the priests and 
people of the diocese. 

Right Rev. James Oliver Van de Velde 

The Rt. Rev. James Oliver Van de Velde, D. D., the second Bishop of 
Chicago, was a Jesuit. Eighty-five years had elapsed since the members of 
his order had been banished from the Illinois country. Ten years after their 
banishment, on August 16, 1773, the enemies of the Jesuits had succeeded in 
procuring from Pope Clement XIV, an order of suppression, but on August 
7, 1814, the order was completely restored by a decree of Pope Pius 
VII. The Jesuit Vice-Province of St. Louis was established in 1823 and 
placed in charge of Rev. Charles Felix Van Quickenborne, S. J. There were, 
however, no Jesuits in the territory which is now Illinois until after 1830. 
In 1831, the then Father Van de Velde was appointed professor of belles let- 
tres and mathematics in the new college established by the Jesuits in St. Louis. 
In 1833 he was promoted to the vice-presidency of the college, and in 1840 
was made president. In 1843 he was made vice-provincial of Missouri. 

"Father Van de Velde took front rank at this time among the great 
ecclesiastics of the Church in America ; he soon enjoyed well merited fame as 
an eloquent preacher, profound theologian and versatile writer, and he was 
looked upon as one of the most brilliant exponents and defenders of the Faith 
in the west." 

Father Van de Velde was appointed to succeed Bishop Quarter, the let- 
ters of appointment being received by Archbishop Eccleston of Baltimore on 
December 1, 1848. Archbishop Eccleston immediately sent them to the Arch- 
bishop of St. Louis, and on the 11th of December the new bishop was conse- 
crated in the Church of St. Francis Xavier, attached to the St. Louis Uni- 
versity, by the Most Rev. Peter Kenrick, Archbishop of St. Louis, assisted by 
Rt. Rev. Richard Pius Miles, Bishop of Nashville, and Rt. Rev. Mathias Loras, 
Bishop of Dubuque. The Rt. Rev. Martin J. Spaulding, Bishop of Longone in 
partibus infidelium, Coadjutor of Louisville, preached the consecration ser- 
mon, and the Rev. John E. Ellet, Provincial of the Society of Jesus, acted as 
archdeacon and Notary Apostolic. 

Diocesan Labors. 

Bishop Van de Velde's administration of the diocese must always be most 
noted for the extensive and numerous episcopal visitations which he made, the 
first of which was begun in February, 1849, and extended over a considerable 
period. The visitations were repeated several times during his episcopal ad- 
ministration. 

The first orphan asylum was commenced under the patronage of 
Bishop Van de Velde! It was located on Wabash Avenue and placed under the 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Thirty-three 

care of the Sisters of Mercy with Sister Vincent McGirr and three other Sisters 
of Mercy in charge. 

During Bishop Van de Velde's episcopacy he gave a course of controver- 
sial lectures, beginning on the 27th of January, 1850, which attracted wide 
attention and drew large audiences from the non-Catholics of the city. 

Tribute to the Early Missionaries. 

A touching incident of Bishop Van de Velde's administration, which 
forms a connecting link between the missionary church and more modern 
times, occurred in September, 1849. Father Sebastien Louis Meurin will be 
remembered as the last of the Jesuits to remain in Illinois after the persecu- 
tions of the eighteenth century. Father Meurin had been in the Illinois mis- 
sions for 31 years, and was the only Jesuit excepted from the decree of 
banishment. He labored in all the missions of the Illinois country, died in 
the village of Prairie du Rocher in 1777, and was buried in the little church 
where he had last ministered. Shea speaks thus of the lonely old missionary : 
"Under the windows at the gospel side of the altar, near the old church at 
Prairie du Rocher, built of logs, set upon a foundation of stone, lay buried the 
i-emains of Sebastian Louis Meurin, the last surviving Jesuit missionary of the 
west." When Provincial of the Jesuit order. Father James Oliver Van de 
Velde had obtained permission to remove the body. Now as bishop he disin- 
terred the remains. Finding the skeleton entire he placed it in a casket and 
after conveying it to St. Louis re-interred the remains at St. Stanislaw, the 
cemetery of the restored society at Florissant. 

New Churches. 

The missions were now beginning to take form, and new churches were 
springing into existence in many places. During Bishop Van de Velde's ad- 
ministration, St. Henry's and St. Michael's parishes, both German, were 
erected in Chicago, the first in 1851 and the second in 1852. In 1851 St. John 
the Baptist, German also, was created i i Joliet and St. Patrick's at Wadsworth. 
In 1852 churches were located at Mill Creek, Everett (St. Patrick's) and 
Morris (Immaculate Conception). In 1853 St. Francis Assisi of Chicago was 
begun. In 1854 St. Patrick's at Walton Center, and St. Patrick's at Peotone 
were established. 

Benevolent and Educational Instittitions. 

The new institutions of Bishop Van de Velde's administration included 
St. Joseph's Male Orphan Asylum, located on Wabash Avenue between Jack- 
son and Van Buren Streets ; St. Mary's Female Orphan Asylum on Wabash, 
near Van Buren ; The General Hospital of the Lake, located at the corner of 
Michigan Avenue and Rush Street, North Chicago; St. Joseph's Male Free 
School, on Madison between Wabash and Michigan, attached to the Cathedral 
Parish; St. Mary's Female Free School on Madison in the rear of the cathed- 



Page Thirty-four Diamond Jubilee 

ral; The Male Free School at the corner of Wolcott and Second Streets, at- 
tached to the Parish of the Holy Name; St. James' Female Free School, located 
between Ohio and Ontario, and attached to the Parish of the Holy Name ; St. 
Patrick's Male and Female Schools, on Adams, near the corner of Desplaines ; 
St. Joseph's Male and Female School, North Chicago, attached to and adjoin- 
ing St. Joseph's Church, and St. Peter's Male and Female School, in the rear 
of St. Peter's Church. 

Resignation, New Appointment and Death. 

In 1852 Bishop Van de Velde went to Rome, and on January 29th of that 
year proffered to the Pope his resignation as Bishop of Chicago. He was in 
a very precarious state of health, and his medical advisers earnestly begged 
him to cease his episcopal labors. The resignation was at first refused, but 
in September, 1853, he was transferred to the See of Natchez, where he ar- 
rived on November 23, 1853. His health did not improve, and on October 23, 
1855, while descending the steps of his residence on his way to the cathedral, 
he tripped and fell, breaking his leg in two places. Yellow fever was epi- 
demic at that time and found an easy prey in the bishop. Having contracted 
that dread disease, Bishop Van de Velde died on November 13, 1855, and was 
buried with appropriate ceremonies in a vault under the sanctuary of St. 
Mary's Cathedral at Natchez. 

Bishop Van ili' \rliii- uLso l,'-i)t a diari/ irhich iras like thai of Bishoi) Quarter, published in 
full in the Feehan Souvenir. A sketeh o( Bishop Van rie Velde also appears in that work and a 
sketrh of Bishop Van de Velde as well as of ths other bishops of Chicago appeared in the :\EW 
WORLD 'Chicago) April 1i, 1900. 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Thirty- five 

VI. Jli^lit |llntn-cn^ ^^utljmnj ©'Jltijan, l.p. 

(SrntU iorlor of % (Sllfurrli. ®l?trii lisljaiJ of (£I|iraga 

TON the separation of Bishop Van de Velde from the diocese, a 
distinguished young clergyman and scholar of the Theological 
ISeminary of St. Louis, Rev. James Duggan, was sent by Arch- 
ijbishop Kenrick to administer the affairs of the Chicago Diocese 
|until a new bishop should be appointed. This clergyman, who 
then gave evidence of great merit, was destined later to become 
the Right Rev. James Duggan, D. D., the fourth Bishop of Chicago. When 
the question of filling the place made vacant by Bishop Van de Velde was being 
discussed. Archbishop Kenrick said : "Worthily would Father Duggan fill the 
position, but he is not long enough in the priesthood to be a bishop." 

Father Duggan was to remain in charge longer than >vas expected, 
due to the fact that the new appointee protested against the dignity offered 
him. He insisted that he had never been engaged in any missionary labors, 
and that he was not a proper person to be placed over a diocese consisting of 
missions — that he was a bookworm and college man, and in any other posi- 
tion would be out of his proper element. 

When the bulls were sent him he sent them back to Rome. They were 
returned, however, with a virtual command that the honor be accepted. Ac- 
cordingly the bishop-elect said: "I accept them only in a spirit of obedience." 
The consecration took place on July 25, 1854, in the cathedral of St. 
Louis. The Most Reverend Archbishop Peter Richard Kenrick was the con- 
secrator. The assistant bishops were Right Reverend James Oliver Van de 
Velde, then of the Diocese of Natchez ; Right Rev. John Martin Henni, Bishop 
of Milwaukee ; Right Reverend Mathias Loras, Bishop of Dubuque, and Right 
Reverend Richard Pius Miles, Bishop of the Diocese of Nashville. The sermon 
was preached by the scholarly young administrator of the diocese, Reverend 
James Duggan. 

The new bishop's objections to assuming the episcopal office were ap- 
parently very genuine. The prospect of difficulties connected with his new 
duties was so dark and preyed so heavily upon his mind that he succumbed to 
a severe attack of nervous prostration, followed by a protracted fever, and he 
was, therefore, unable to remove to his new see until two months after his 
consecration. 

Bishop O'Regan Installed. 

It was on the third day of September, 1854, that the ceremony of in- 
stallation took place in St. Mary's Cathedral and the new Bishop assumed the 
duties of his office. It is to be noted that St. Mary's Church was still the 




Rt. Rev Anthony 0'Regar\ O.D. 
n TKird BisKop 1854-1858 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Thirty-seven 

cathedral, although the greater Holy Name Church was in course of con- 
struction during Bishop Van de Velde's time. As for an episcopal residence, 
Bishop O'Regan entered into the same little one-story cottage in which Bishop 
Quarter died. The Church of the Holy Name, in the course of construction, 
was at a standstill. The orphan asylums already launched had to be provided 
for at once, and new parishes were forming in all parts of the city. The loca- 
tion of the first cemetery had been condemned by the city authorities, and it 
became necessary to provide for a necountry. 

Labors of Bishop O'Regan. 

Moving swiftly it may here be stated that in two years' time the new 
bishop had a new episcopal residence built and ready for occupancy. It may 
be stated also that at that time it was one of the finest structures in the city. 
By that time also he had the Church of the Holy Name roofed and occupied. 
Several new parishes had been organized, and the ground for a Catholic ceme- 
tery bought and in use. This was the present Calvary Cemetery, which then 
lay ten miles n®rth of the city limits of Chicago. 

Bishop O'Regan also was called upon for very onerous work in the visi- 
tation of his diocese. Travel conditions were so wretched in those early days 
that an episcopal visitation was almost one continuous succession of break- 
downs, miring in the mud or being threatened with destruction through 
freshets which swept away bridges and flooded the plains. Aside from the 
illness he had suffered from — a species of nervous prostration — the bishop 
was a man of great vigor, and some very interesting stories have been told 
of his great endurance as a pedestrian and in other physical exertions. 

An important incident of the administration of Bishop O'Regan was the 
extension of an invitation to the Jesuits to come to Chicago, which invitation 
ripened into a reality in 1857. The coming of the Jesuits and their work in 
the diocese is, however, another story, which is better told elsewhere. 

During Bishop O'Regan's tenure the Sisters of Mercy greatly expanded 
their work in Chicago. St. Xavier's Academy became one of the most flour- 
ishing educational institutions in the w cemetery. 

Parish activity in this period was notable, the earlier churches gaining 
in strength from year to year and many new parishes being projected. 

The University of St. Mary of the Lake underwent serious changes 
during Bishop O'Regan's administration. The fathers who had been con- 
nected with the institution since its foundation had conducted it with great 
success, and had also made the situs of the school quite a Catholic center. Holy 
Name parish having developed from the little chapel established in the school 
under the same name, but there were evidently differences of views between the 
fathers and the bishops, which were manifested as early as Bishop Van de 
Velde's time. These seemed to have survived to the administration of Bishop 
O'Regan and resulted eventually in the resignation of the university fathers, 
whereupon Bishop O'Regan made arrangements to have the schools, which had 



Page Thirty-eight Diamond Jubilee 

been under the care of those fathers, taught by the religious of the Holy Cross 
order. This arrangement continued for five years and until Bishop O'Regan's 
successor arranged for a re-organization of the school. 

To such an extent had the Catholics in Illinois increased that Bishop 
O'Regan petitioned the Holy See to divide the big diocese, and, accordingly, 
by a decree published in 1857, the See of Quincy, which had been created in 
1853, but had never been occupied, was consolidated with the new diocese at 
Alton, erected that year. By this change the Chicago Diocese covered only 
that part of the state north of the Counties of Adams, Brown, Cass, Menard, 
Sangamon. Macon, Moultrie, Coles and Edgar. 

It fell to the lot of Bishop O'Regan to be obliged to deal with the rene- 
gade priest, Charles Chiniquy, who for years disgraced himself and sought 
to bring odium upon the Church and its officers. Chiniquy's activities were 
confined to the region of Bourbonnais in Kankakee County, and while they 
consisted of but the usual tactics and invectives of the pervert, they grated 
upon Bishop O'Regan's sensitive disposition, and are said to have added 
greatly to his desire to resign his see. The bishop acted firmly with the un- 
principled pervert, however, and deprived him of his priestly inunctions. Nor 
did the unworthy apostate reflect any credit or glory upon the sect that adopted 
him into fellowship. 

Independent of any difficulties, however. Bishop O'Regan apparently 
never became reconciled to the office he had accepted only under protest, and, 
accordingly, in 1858, he went to Rome and laid his resignation before the Holy 
Father. The Pope finally accepted the resignation, and appointed Bishop. 
O'Regan as Bishop of Dora in partibus infidelium. Having laid down his 
cares he retired to a quiet retreat at Michael's Grove, Brompton, where he 
spent the remainder of his life and died on November 13, 1866. His remains 
were brought to his native parish at Clonfad, Archdiocese of Tuam, where 
they were entombed. 

Again the diocese was without a bishop, and again the scholarly and 
efficient Reverend James Duggan was sent to administer its affairs until a 
bishop could be regularly appointed, which occurred in 1859. 

The information concerninu BUhnp O'Refian is surprisinoly meaore. There is a sketch in 
the Fcehan Souvenir and in the .\'ew World of April 14, 1900. Msgr. Daniel J. Riordan has recoi- 
ls lion.i of Bishop O' Regan anil in his valuable article in 'THE UNIVERSITY OF ST. MARY OF 
THE LAKE, published in the ILLINOIS CATHOLIC HISTORICAL REVIEW for October, lOU). he 
adds a foot note as folloirs: "The vritcr in company with the Rev. James Dillon. C. SS. C, Chap- 
lain of the famous G9th Regiment, X. Y., and at one time President of the University, called in 1863 
on bishop O'Regan, v.ho had retired and was living in London, England, in the vicinity of the 
Hrompton Orntorg: ire u'ere received most cordially and spent the day ivith him, dining and supping 
trilh him. Here he resided until his death, which occurred Nov. IS, 186G, in the fifty -seventh 
\l<-nT of his age. In his last icill he bequeathed to the college of All Hallows a certain sum of money 
to bf usrd for the maintenance in perpetuitg of two students for the diocese of Chicago. He was a 
great lover of books and a profound Scriptural scholar." 

For a romplr-lf crpose of the Apostate, Chiniquy, see EXAMINATION by Rev. S. G. Smith, S. J., 
in Fourth Series of SOME PROTESTANT FICTIONS EXPOSED. London Cnlholic Truth Society. 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Thirty-nine 

VII. ]ix$\}t ^ttxtxtriii 3}cimes Pwg^attt p.p* 

^rl^olar. iCingutat, (©ratar — 3f amtif Wisl^op of (El]irago 

^HE RT. REV. JAMES DUGGAN was no stranger to the Chi- 
cago people when he came to take possession of the see as its 
fourth bishop. 

He had been consecrated Bishop of Antigone in partibus 
infidelium and coadjutor of Archbishop Kenrick on May 3, 1857. 
In that august ceremony, which occurred in the Cathedral at 
St. Louis, the venerable Archbishop Kenrick was consecrator, assisted by Rt. 
Rev. J. M. Henni of Milwaukee and Rt. Rev. Anthony O'Regan of Chicago. 
Bishops Martin J. Spaulding of Louisville and Mathias Loras of Dubuque 
were present in the sanctuary. 

As has been seen Bishop Duggan was sent to Chicago to administer the 
affairs of the diocese after Bishop O'Regan left for Rome. Bishop O'Regan's 
resignation having been accepted, letters transferring Bishop Duggan to the 
See of Chicago arrived from Rome on January 21, 1859, and on the following 
Sunday he was duly installed in St. Mary's Cathedral. 

Bishop Duggan's Labors 

Due to the influence of a national panic which occurred in 1857, com- 
mercial enterprises were in a state of paralysis and so continued for the 
following two or three years. Accordingly at the time Bishop Duggan 
assumed control of the diocese, all church improvements were at a stand- 
still. He was well advised as to conditions, however, since he had been for 
some time in the field as administrator of the diocese, and wisely judged that 
a reaction would soon set in and such was indeed the fact. Whereas the 
population of the city had decreased in one year (1857-58) from 93,000 to 
80,000, now on the first anniversary of the young bishop's inauguration, the 
population had increased to 109,263 and immigration had commenced once 
more, due to the public improvements that were entered upon and which 
promised employment to all new comers. 

A War Bishop 

Bishop Duggan was to be the first war bishop of the Chicago diocese 
and became particularly noted in this respect. A non-Catholic writer thus 
briefly refers to Bishop Duggan's war record — "The outbreak of the Civil 
War enlisted the zeal and sympathy of the bishop on the side of the Union, 
of which he continued to the end an ardent supporter. He encouraged Col. 
Mulligan in the organization of the Irish Brigade as far as became his office, 




Rt. Rev. James Du^gar\ DD 

FourtK Bishop 1859-1870 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Forty-one 

and lent his aid to every effort for the benefit of the war sufferers, the wid- 
ows and orphans and sustaining the funds of the Sanitary Commission." 

A Contemporary Estimate 

Another non-Catholic writer, a contemporary of the bishop, gives the 
following estimate of his character : 

"An earnest, sincere and pious Christian, his whole heart is in his 
work, as if he were overshadowed by the glorious spirits of the Jesuit fath- 
ers who first brought life and immortality to light in these Western wilds. 
What they so grandly began, he is forever on the alert to carry forward to 
a successful completion. Not for him are the luxury and repose which high 
preferment always places within the reach of its votaries. His office is to 
him a function, not a sinecure — the function of a still mightier power, which 
he devotes to the good of man and the glory of God." And of his scholastic 
attainments the same writer speaks ag follows: "He was no superficial 
reader of books. He must go into his studies with all the force and depth 
of his nature and compel them to yield their final secrets and most hidden 
stores. Besides the routine of classics, theology, history and philosophy, which 
are a part of all liberal education, he devoted himself to the study of the mod- 
ern languages, and ranks as one of the most accomplished linguists in the 
country, having a critical knowledge of the German, French, Italian and 
Spanish languages. He has widely and choicely distinguished himself al^' 
in the fair regions and pleasant places of the belles-lettres, and has an accu- 
rate acquaintance with the literature of the English tongue." 

Patron of St. Mary of the Lake 

During the episcopacy of Bishop 'Regan the fathers of the Order of 
the Holy Cross had taken charge of the University of St. Mary of the Lake 
and the school connected with the Holy Name Church. After Bishop Dug- 
gan's appointment, in 1861, he appointed Rev. Dr. John McMullen as president 
of the university who reorganized the institution and largely rebuilt the 
building. 

In 1862 Bishop Duggan went to Rome to assist at the canonization of 
the Japanese martyrs, and paid his first visit to the Eternal City. 

Tender Memories of Ireland 

In the closing year of the war a regrettable conflict arose between the 
bishop and the Fenians. The bishop regarded the secret meetings and mili- 
tary preparations of the Fenians as illegal and accordingly rather strenu- 
ously opposed their activities in his diocese. There seems to be but little doubt 
that the bishop was an ardent well-wisher of the Irish and indeed of their 
cause. The impressions gained by an intelligent non-Catholic contemporary 
of the bishop, preserved to us in his writings, are some proof of this. Speak- 
ing of the bishop's love of literature, this writer says : 



Page Forty-two Diamond Jubilee 

■"As a patriot Bishop Dugrgran eoiild not disregard tlic liigli claims of the modern 
Irish poetry especially to his intellectual homage.* * * * He was quite a j'oung 
man at that time (.the time of the Young-Ireland movement) and educated for quite 
other than secular employments, with the whole bent of his mind directed towards sa- 
cred themes and offices, but at no previotis period for live hundred years had Ireland 
given such hopes and promises to the world lovers of liberty and intellectual revela- 
tion as she put forth in the weekly oraele 'The Nation' newspaper. * * * Bishop 
Diif'^an passed through it all and could not fail to be caught in its enthusiasm and 
kindled by its patriotism." 

Learned and Eloquent 

Bishop Duggan was a finished orator and besides regularly preaching 
in the Cathedral and on the occasions of his visitations throughout the dio- 
cese, he frequently lectured by invitation in public. 

In this connection there is an item of special interest in regard to the 
eloquent bishop and his acquaintance and connection with Stephen A. Doug- 
las. The wife of Stephen A. Douglas was a devout Catholic and attended 
Bishop Duggan's Cathedral — old St. Mary's — regularly when in Chicago and 
we have it on the authority of William J. Onahan that Stephen A. Douglas, 
before his death, became a Catholic — was baptised and received the last rites 
of the Church at the hands of Bishop Duggan. In reference to this incident 
Mr. Onahan in his life time wrote, "Mrs. Douglas was a Catholic and when 
in the city regularly attended at old St. Mary's, where I often saw her. She 
induced the bishop to come to the Tremont House in the senator's last hours 
and so it was that he had the grace of dying a Catholic. As this fact has 
been questioned, I will say that I have the most unequivocal testimony of the 
truth of what I assert. The physician who was in attendance. Dr. Hay — 
afterward for a long time my own physician — and a Sister of the Good Shep- 
herd, who at that time was in the Tremont House and not then a religious, 
both corroborate my assertion." 

Bishop Duggan pronounced the funeral oration of Stephen A. Douglas, 
admittedly the greatest statesman of his day, and the tribute paid him by the 
eloquent bishop was praised throughout the land. 

Diocesan Activities 

During Bishop Duggan's administration the system of parochial schools 
began to take form and there was, too, much activity with respect to the benev- 
olent institutions. The reign of the new bishop had begun happily. "The 
first appointments made by him were received with satisfaction by both the 
clergy and laity. These were Rev. Dennis Dunne, Vicar-General ; Rev. Thad- 
deus J. Butler, secretary; Rev. John McMullen, chancellor. Special encour- 
agement was given to the different religious orders to found houses in Chicago 
and throughout the diocese. 

The Jesuits had already gained admission, and under the energetic lead 
of Rev. Arnold Damen, work was already far advanced on the great Church 
of the Holy Family, West Twelfth Street, and an immense congregation 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Forty-three 

availed themselves of the religious advantages brought to their doors by the 
Jesuit Fathers. The Franciscan order came in 1857 ; and St. Peter's Church 
and parish were assigned to their charge. 

The Redemptorist Fathers arrived in 1860, and organized the German 
Congregation of St. Michael's, speedily commencing the erection of a vast 
church and capacious schools. The Benedictine Fathers were introduced in 
1861, taking charge of St. Joseph's Church, likewise a German congregation. 

The Ladies of the Sacred Heart, from St. Louis, were invited by Bishop 
Duggan to establish an academy for the higher education of young ladies in 
this city, and accordingly in 1859, Madame Gall way arrived with several re- 
ligious of that community, and opened an academy in temporary quarters on 
Wabash Avenue, subsequently removing to the corner of Rush and Illinois 
Streets, where the ladies remained until the building of their convent and 
academy on West Taylor Street was completed. 

New parishes were established under the patronage of St. Columbkille, 
St. Bridget, St. James, the Immaculate Conception, and St. John. 

The Industrial Reform School and The House of the Good Shepherd 
were inaugurated. 

The Brothers of the Holy Cross having resigned the control of the Uni- 
versity of St. Mary of the Lake, Bishop Duggan in 1861 appointed Reverend 
John McMullen, D. D., its president. 

The Bishop attended the Second Plenary Council of Baltimore in Oc- 
tober, 1866. 

Bishop Visits Rome 

Bishop Duggan made a trip to Rome in 1866, and in 1867 made a pro- 
tracted stay abroad, visiting the Holy Land during his travels, and upon his 
return he was given a royal welcome. But misfortune soon fell upon the dio- 
cese through disagreements which were permitted to grow into contentions. It 
had always been known that the scholarly bishop had a highly sensitive dis- 
position, but it was not early enough realized that his delicately organized 
mind was giving way under the stress of too close application. This fact 
being unknown to his clergy they were at a loss to understand the arbitrary 
manner in which he dealt with some of his ablest co-workers and which re- 
sulted in absolute rupture in three or four important instances with the un- 
avoidable clashes and difficulties usual in such cases. The bishop's later 
complete collapse furnished a solution of the trouble and put all in a proper 
state of mind. 

In 1869 Bishop Duggan was removed to the sanitarium of the Sisters of 
Charity in St. Louis, where he remained without noticeable improvement until 
his death. 

See the Fechan Souvenir; .\ew World. April li. 1900. and Phillips' CHICAGO ASD HER 
CHURCHES. 




^i^Hrii 



Rt. Rev. Thomas Foley. D.D. 

Fifth BisKop 1870-1879 





The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Forty-five 

VIII. J^ii^lrt Jtlctun-cnb 1l|nmas ^^olcg, p. P. 

(Hljp SpBlorrr. iPtfll^ 1BiBl]op (AI)m'r) of ffiljirago 

PON the breakdown of Bishop Duggan and his retirement to the 
hospital of the Sisters of Charity in St. Louis, conditions in the 
Chicago Diocese were not ideal. There had been serious misun- 
derstandings between the bishop and some of his prominent and 
able clergymen, attributed after the bishop's mental condition 
became known, to that cause. And though this discovery fur- 
nished a satisfactory explanation, yet, nevertheless, the affairs of the diocese 
were in a very unsettled state, and the churchmen whose duty it was to exer- 
cise some influence in the matter, were much concerned about the selection of 
an administrator during Bishop Duggan's incapacity. For this reason the 
prelate finally selected Rt. Rev. Thomas Foley, who enjoyed a distinction which 
perhaps few high church dignitaries had been accorded, namely that of being 
asked in advance if he would accept the honors and responsibilities of appoint- 
ment of Bishop Administrator of the Chicago Diocese in the event that it were 
offered him. 

After due reflection he signified his willingness as a matter of duty, and 
as a qualification for the episcopacy, he was, in November, 1869, appointed 
Bishop of Pergamus in partihus infidelium and Coadjutor-Bishop and Admin- 
istrator of the Diocese of Chicago. He was consecrated by Rt. Rev. William 
George McCloskey, Bishop of Louisville, who was assisted by Rt. Rev. S. H. 
Rosecrans, Bishop of Columbus, Ohio, and Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Becker, Bishop 
of Wilmington, Del. 

On March 10, 1870, Bishop Foley was installed in the Church of the 
Holy Name, which then became the Cathedral, situated on the northwest cor- 
ner of North State and Superior Streets. 

For the purpose of a better understanding of Bishop Foley's remarkable 
career in Chicago, some of his former achievements claim attention. 

Bishop Foley's Former Record 

Bishop Foley was the first of the Chicago bishops born in America. 
His birth occurred March 6, 1822, in Baltimore, Md. His parents, however, 
were Irish. He was the son of Matthew Foley of County Wexford, his moth- 
er being also a native of the same locality. Like Bishop Quarter and Bishop 
Van de Velde, he was connected with St. Mary's College, Emmitsburg, Md., 
beginning his attendance there at the age of ten, and graduating from that 
institution when eighteen years of age with a degree of A. B. He then en- 
tered the seminary and completed the six-year course and was elevated to the 



Page Forty-six Diamond Jubilee 

priesthood on August 16, 1S46. at the Cathedral in Baltimore by the Most 
Rev. Archbishop Samuel EcclestonT The young priest spent three years in 
parochial duty, the larger part of which was in St. Patrick's parish in Wash- 
ington, D. C, but in 1S49 was called by the archbishop to the Cathedral at 
Baltimore, where he labored untiringly for twenty-one years. When Arch- 
bishop Kenrick was translated to Baltimore in 1851, Father Foley became his 
secretary and the chancellor of the archdiocese. 

In this capacity he accompanied Archbishop Kenrick to Rome on the 
occasion of the definition of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception, Decem- 
ber 8, 1854. He was secretary and notary to the two plenary councils of Balti- 
more, which assembled in 1852 and in 1866. He was made vicar general and 
administrator of the diocese during the episcopacy of Archbishop Spaulding, 
and was the founder of the Good Shepherd Order in Baltimore, and was so 
noted for his effective charity work that he became known as "the friend 
and father of the poor." 

This review will indicate the capacity and equipment of the new bishop , 
for the onerous duties connected with the administration of the Chicago Dio- 
cese. It is perhaps justifiable to state that never before or since was so much 
interest manifested in the installation of a bishop. Many misfortunes had 
fallen upon the diocese — diocesan relations were gravely unsettled. What 
would the new bishop do — what would be his policy? — Could he bring order 
out of semi-confusion? 

The Keynote Sounded. 

While priests and people in the diocese were anxiously reflecting upon 
the serious situation, the bishop-elect was by no means unmindful of the diffi- 
culties he was to encounter. At his first spoken words, however, the atmos- 
phere cleared. After the solemn services and the presentation of the new 
bishop by the Right Rev. Thomas A. Becker, Bishop of Wilmington, Delaware, 
the new shepherd of the fold advanced to the altar-rail and in tones never to be 
forgotten by those who had the great good fortune to hear him, said: "Peace 
be to you." In the eloquent address which followed the great bishop, among 
other eloquent words, said: "No words can express more fully my feeling to- 
wards you and the object of my mission here than the words, 'Peace be to 
you.' " 

An able writer who was perhaps present on this important occasion, 
says : "A great sigh of joy went up from the large audience of priests and 
laity when the bishop finished his address. His greatness of soul, his purity 
of mind, his love of justice and his zeal for the glory of God were mirrored in 
his eloquent words. His eminent personal characteristics made at once a 
deep impre.ssion on everyone, which was increased when further and closer 
opportunities were offered to enjoy the beautiful, intellectual and moral qual- 
ities which most distinguished him." 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Forty-seven 

Labors and Achievements 

Bishop Foley seems to have acted always with excellent judgment. One 
of his first official acts added to the favorable impression he had created. It 
was the appointment of Rev. John Mc Mullen to the rectorship of Holy Name 
Cathedral. This act seems to have greatly pleased both the clergy and laity, 
as Dr. McMullen's towering ability was universally recognized. 

The new bishop found himself in a rapidly growing city and state. 
Whereas his predecessor, Bishop Duggan, found when he came to the see a 
city of less than one hundred thousand, Bishop Foley was made a spiritual 
ruler of a city of nearly three hundred and thirty-five thousand, besides a 
vast, fast populating territory outside the city. 

Fire-Sivept Chicago 

The new Bishop was just getting under way, however, when the dis- 
astrous fire of October 9, 1871, demolished the temporalities of the Church in 
Chicago. That holocaust complete, the situation was appalling. The whole 
of the city was consumed. One hundred and ninety-four acres on the west 
side were a blackened waste ; the entire south side business district a lava bed, 
and the whole north side like a Michigan pinery that had been swept by flames. 

The destruction of Catholic Church property was enormous. Churches, 
convents, asylums and schools, the labor of years, were devoured by fire in a 
few hours. On the west side, St. Paul's Church, parsonage and school were 
the first Church property burned ; then on the south side St. Louis' Church and 
priests' residence on Sherman Street; the Christian Brothers' Academy on 
Van Buren Street ; the convent and school of the Sisters of Mercy on Wabash 
Avenue, followed by St. Mary's Cathedral, with the old frame church in the 
rear of it, which had so far withstood the hand of time. The flames soon 
reached the bishop's home, which was quickly burned with its precious con- 
tents. Bishop Foley was absent, engaged in administering the sacrament of 
Confirmation in Champaign, Illinois. 

Early on the morning of the 10th the Holy Name Cathedral caught fire, 
the House of Providence, the Academy of the Sisters of Charity, St. Joseph's 
Orphan Asylum, formerly the University of St. Mary of the Lake, the Chris- 
tian Brothers' Parochial School, the Convent and School of St. Benedict on the 
northwest corner of Chicago Avenue and Cass Street, St. Joseph's magnifi- 
cent church, and the Benedictine Fathers' Monastery. Then northward the 
relentless flames advanced, hunting before them the stricken thousands of 
homeless people, sparing nothing and nobody, for to stand still was to die a 
horrible death. The Magdalen Asylum, the Church of the Immaculate Con- 
ception, St. Michael's Church, with the convents and schools attached to these 
churches, and by six o'clock on Monday evening there was a bleak, blackened 
waste where not many hours before a God-worshiping people were in peace 
and at rest. The total estimated loss of the Church was about $1,000,000. 



Page Forty-eight Diamond Jubilee 

The Work of Restoration 

Upon the ruins of the Chicago Church Bishop Foley laid the foundation 
for its restoration. Andreas, the historian, referring to the great fire, said: 
"No cause suffered more deplorably from the great conflagration of October, 
1871. than that of the Roman Catholic Church, and in no part of the recon- 
struction has been shown more courage and energy than that displayed by the 
Catholics, whose fine academies, colleges, schools, magnificent church edifices 
and other institutions are among the chief ornaments of this city." 

Bishop Foley at once commenced the reconstruction, and as a first step 
erected a temporary structure to be used as a church until he could rebuild. 
St. Mary's was among the churches burned as well as the Church of the Holy 
Name. The Bishop set to work to rebuild the latter, which he had made his 
Cathedral. The corner stone was laid on July 19, 1874, with elaborate cere- 
monies and an eloquent address by the distinguished Jesuit, Rev. Arnold 
Damen. The Cathedral was dedicated in the following year, and on that oc- 
casion the eloquent sermon was preached by the Rt. Rev. Patrick Ryan, later 
Metropolitan of Philadelphia, but at that time Coadjutor-Bishop of St. Louis. 

Fully believing in the future of the Church the bishop purchased a dio- 
cesan orphan asylum at a cost of $40,000. He erected buildings for the Sisters 
and Magdalens and the House of the Good Shepherd, and ably assisted the 
priests and religious communities in the reconstruction of their churches, insti- 
tutions and schools. 

Encourages the Religious Orders 

Bishop Foley was a believer in religious orders and encouraged their 
coming to his diocese. During his tenure he introduced the Franciscans, the 
Resurrectionists and the Servites, and the various religious educational and 
charitable institutions multiplied rapidly. 

As for himself the Bishop provided small comforts. He lived in a 
rented house, postponing the building of a residence until all others had been 
provided for. 

During the episcopacy of Bishop Foley he advised the metropolitan that, 
in his opinion, the diocese was too large, and recommended another division. 
His request being seconded by the archbishop and the bishops of the province, 
the Holy See granted the petition, and the Diocese of Peoria was created 
forthwith, with the Rt. Rev. John Lancaster Spaulding as bishop. 

Sunshine and Shadow 

In every quarter of the diocese progress was the rule, and the Church 
was rapidly coming into its own. "The future appeared especially bright, 
when at a meeting of the priests after the diocesan retreat at Bourbonnais 
Grove, in 1877, Bi.shop Foley, after making a well-remembered, soul-stirring 
address to his clergy, gave out an announcement of his future regulations in 
the management of the diocese, prefacing it by saying that he had appointed 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page ForUj-nine 

the Rev. John McMullen, D. D., as his vicar-general." Again was Dr. Mc- 
Mullen's preferment welcomed by priests and people. 

Never before were conditions in the diocese so gratifying but "alas, the 
plans and hopes of bishop, priests and laity for a prosperous career in years to 
come were completely destroyed." 

During the winter of 1878, the active and self-sacrificing bishop sub- 
mitted to many discomforts, and as a result of exposure contracted a severe 
cold. Late in January he was called to Baltimore on business, and though his 
health was precarious, he made the journey, but remained almost^ the entire 
time within his mother's house. He ventured, however, to attend a funeral in 
the old cemetery, where his father and others of his family were buried. 
That venture proved his undoing. His cold was increased, and symptoms of 
an approaching dangerous sickness appeared. Medical advisers urged strict 
care. The bishop had promised before his departure for Baltimore that he 
would return in time to be present at the dedication of St. Anthony's Church. 
Wishing to keep his engagement, he set out for Chicago, and arrived on Sat- 
urday, February 2. He stated to his chancellor. Rev. (now Monsignor) 
Daniel J. Riordan, that he had not suffered seriously during the journey, and 
that he would be ready to go to St. Anthony's Church on the following day. 
On attempting to arise Sunday morning, however, he found himself so com- 
pletely prostrated that he knew he would be unable to keep his engagement. 
A physician was summoned without delay, who, upon his second visit, discov- 
ered symptoms of pneumonia. Additional medical counsel was called in 
when it was discovered that typhoid fever, which in the first days of the 
bishop's illness had been held in check by other conditions, had appeared, 
and the distinguished patient's condition became alarming. His brothers, one 
a priest and the other a physician, came on from Baltimore and remained with 
him until his death, which occurred at three o'clock on the morning of Feb- 
ruary 19, 1879. At his bedside at the moment of his death were his two 
brothers ; Rt. Rev. John Lancaster Spaulding ; Very Rev. John McMullen, D. 
D., and Rev. D. J. Riordan. In the presence of these men when his last mo- 
ments were fast approaching, the bishop addressed Dr. McMullen, and said: 
"Father, I appoint you administrator of the diocese," and this was the last 
official act of Bishop Foley. 

The funeral occurred on February 21, at the Cathedral of the Holy 
Name. Thirteen bishops and over two hundred members of the clergy 
filled the sanctuary, while the faithful crowded every available space in the 
church. The eloquent Archbishop of Philadelphia, Most Rev. Patrick J. Ryan, 
"The Lion of the Fold of Judah," pronounced his funeral sermon. "At times 
when the eloquent orator alluded to the deceased prelate's lovable character, 
charitable deeds, his mother, and to their loss, loud sobs filled the church, so 
that it was with much difficulty that he could proceed." 

Agreeable to a wish of the bishop made a year previous to his death, 
the remains were conveyed to Baltimore for interment. Dr. McMullen, with 



Page Fifty Diamond Jubilee 

a delegation of the clergy and laity of the diocese, accompanied them to their 
last resting place. 

In accordance with the directions of the bishop, given on his death bed, 
Dr. McMullen assumed the duties of administrator of the diocese. 

5ee the Feehan Souvt^nir: yrw World. April li. 1900: Andrea's History of Chicajo. 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Fifty-one 

IX. 

jlast %t\x. f atritk Augustine f^u\\mx. p.p. 

^\)i Apoatlf of % (Eatlialtr ^rljoula, IFiral Arrl|biBl|ap of (Cliirago 

TDATRICK AUGUSTINE FEEHAN was born at Killinall, Tip- 
I ^ perary, Ireland, August 29, 1829, a year made notable as the year 
of Catholic Emancipation. "Reared under holy influences un- 
der the shadow of the Rock of Cashel, and amidst the inspiring 
fields of the battlefields where his forefathers fought and died 
in defense of their faith and their native land, he became im- 
bued with a deep Catholic piety and a deep-rooted devotion for his oppressed 
country." 

His first lessons were received under his father's roof, which were fol- 
lowed by a solid training in the classics and sciences in which he made such 
progress that at the age of sixteen years he was entered as a classical student 
in Castle Knock College. He remained in this institution two years earning the 
highest honors for his scholarship and exalted virtues, when it was decided to 
send him to the great College of Maynooth, which he entered in his eighteenth 
year. Here he pursued his studies with much success for five years, when, 
upon the invitation of Archbishop Ken rick of St. Louis, the young divinity 
student came to America and entered the seminary at Carondelet. He was 
ordained priest November 1, 1852, and began his labors by teaching in the 
Diocesan Seminary. In the same year, however, he was sent to do parochial 
work at St. John's Church, St. Louis, where he endeared himself to the parish- 
ioners especially by reason of his devotion to the victims of cholera, which 
raged at that time. 

In 1854 he was sent to the Theological Seminary in Carondelet to suc- 
ceed Reverend Anthony O'Regan, who had been made Bishop of Chicago. Here 
he filled the office of president for three years, teaching moral theology and 
sacred scripture, and preaching once a month in the Cathedral at St. Louis. 
In 1858 he was appointed pastor of St. Michael's Church, St. Louis, and in 
the July following he was transferred to the pastorate of the Church of the 
Immaculate Conception, and was pastor of that church during the Civil War. 
To care for the wounded soldiers a hospital was established in his parish, 
where he spent many hours comforting the poor sufferers. It is said that the 
inmates of the jail and City Detention House also claimed much of his time. 
The See of Nashville having become vacant in 1864, Father Feehan was ap- 
pointed bishop of that see, and was consecrated November 1, 1865. 

The extraordinary task assumed by Bishop Feehan and his work in the 
Diocese of Nashville has been summed up as follows : 

"The outlook before him would have paralyzed the spirit of any man 
who had not for years been accustomed to live in an atmosphere of faith. The 




Most R(?v. Patrick A. Fechan.GD. 

First ArcKbiskop 1660-1902 




The Archdiocese of Chicago _ Page Fifty-three 

Civil War had just terminated. No where did it work so destructively as in the 
diocese of Nashville. The battles of Fort Donelson on the Cumberland, of 
Fort Henry on the Tennessee, of Shiloh, Franklin, Stone River, Lookout Moun- 
tain, Mission Ridge, Chattanooga and Nashville were some of the bloodiest 
conflicts of the war, and were all fought within the confines of Bishop Fee- 
han's diocese. Church edifices had been ruined. Every parish was in debt. 
There were only three secular priests in the entire diocese. The demoraliza- 
tion and devastation which followed in the wake of the war throughout the 
entire South were everywhere conspicuous throughout Nashville. Yet with 
a stout heart the new prelate set about the work of reconstruction, one might 
almost say the work of creating a new diocese. He invited students from the 
ecclesiastical colleges of Ireland to come and assist him, and though the pros- 
pect was appalling, the magnetic personality of the prelate overcame all na- 
tural repugnance. When the process of reconstruction was well on its way, 
the ravages of cholera and yellow fever again and again supplemented the ruin 
and desolation of war. Twenty-two of the fearless band of priests who had 
come from the colleges of Carlow and All Hallows, in response to Bishop 
Feehan's appeal, were mown down by the grim reaper. Never was grander 
heroism displayed on the field of battle. The spirit of their Bishop was upon 
them. No sooner had one fallen than another stepped into the breach. Vol- 
unteer quarantine parties were formed by the terror-stricken inhabitants of 
the neighborhood of Memphis. But the zeal and devotion of those apostolic 
men awakened ingenuity which enabled them to penetrate the lines and reach 
the most pestilential centers in order to administer the last sacraments to the 
dying. Not even these unforseen calamities made the bishop quail. He lab- 
ored unceasingly, and his labors were successful, until almost literally he saw 
the desert bloom like the rose." 

Appointed Archbishop of Chicago 

By a decree of the Holy See, dated September 10, 1880, the Diocese of 
Chicago was elevated to the rank of archdiocese, and the Right Reverend 
Bishop of Nashville, Patrick Augustine Feehan, was appointed first archbis- 
hop. 

On Sunday, November 28, 1880, the new archbishop was installed in 
the Cathedral of the Holy Name. "At ten o'clock a. m., the procession of the 
clergy of the new archdiocese, which had formed in the sacristy, passed out 
at the Superior Street entrance, and was received at the main door of the 
Cathedral by the Very Rev. Dr. McMullen, who, as administrator since the 
death of Bishop Foley, delivered the Cathedral and the diocese to the arch- 
bishop. When the clergy had taken their places inside the sanctuary, the 
Papal Brief was read, appointing the Most Rev. Patrick Augustine Feehan, 
Archbishop of Chicago, after which the clergy approached and kissed the 
archepiscopal ring in token of their allegiance, affection and obedience to 
their new superior. Pontifical High Mass was then celebrated by the Right 
Rev. Bishop Joseph Dwenger of the Diocese of Fort Wayne. After the gos- 



Page Fifty-four Diamond Jubilee 

pel. Archbishop Feehan ascended the pulpit and read as his text the following 
versicles: Matthew xiii. 31. 32 — "Another parable he proposed unto them, 
sa\ing. the kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man 
took, and sowed in his field ; which is the least indeed of all seeds ; but when it is 
grovsTi up it is greater than all herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of 
the air come and dwell in the branches thereof." 

"The discourse that followed was simple and earnest, full of deep con- 
\action and characterized by a straightforwardness of faith that visibly im- 
pressed the large audience." 

Immediately upon his taking possession of the see the archbishop be- 
gan the organization of his diocese. As vicar-general he selected the Very 
Rev. John McMullen, D. D., who had administered the affairs of the diocese 
since the death of Bishop Foley. As chancellor and secretary he selected Rev. 
Daniel J. Riordan. 

Assumes Difficult Task 

The new archbishop found that, though his immediate predecessor had 
worked wonders in the restoration of the Church after the destructive fire of 
1871, there was still much to be done. The growth of the city was so marvel- 
ous that it was very difficult to keep pace therewith, but he set himself reso- 
lutely to work to supply all demands. 

Work was scarcely under way, however, when the archbishop was to 
suffer the loss of some of his very ablest assistants. On Sunday, May 8, 1881, 
Pope Leo XIII authorized the creation of the new Diocese of Davenport, Iowa, 
and confirmed the nomination of Very Rev. John McMullen, D. D., as its first 
bishop. Bishop McMullen was consecrated by Archbishop Feehan on the 25th 
of July, 1881, and left Chicago to take possession of the See of Davenport. To 
fill the vacancy caused by the promotion of Bishop McMullen, Archbishop Fee- 
han appointed the Rev. Patrick J. Conway, vicar-general of the diocese and 
rector of the Cathedral of the Holy Name. 

Two years thereafter, on September 16, 1883, Rev. Patrick W. Riordan 
was consecrated bishop-coadjutor with the title of succession to the Most Rev. 
Joseph Sadoc Alemany, Archbishop of San Francisco, and thus another able 
assistant was taken from the diocese. 

In that year occurred, on February 21, 1883, a death which brought 
forcibly to mind the early Church of Chicago. Father John Mary Iraneus St. 
Cyr, the first priest in any church in modern Chicago, and the first pastor of 
Old St. Mary's, who had for many years been chaplain of the Sisters of St. 
Joseph, Corrondelet, Missouri, died on that day. 

Archbishop Goes to Rome 

Archbishop Feehan was, in 1883, summoned to Rome with the other 
archbishops of the United States to prepare for the Third Plenary Council 
of Baltimore. As indicating the sincere respect in which he was held, the 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Fifty-five 

priests of the Archdiocese presented him with a purse of $10,000. Upon his 
return to Chicago in February, 1884, he was given a great ovation. All the 
clergy of the archdiocese, the mayor, the common council, the principal Cath- 
olic citizens and over thirty thousand men, forming a procession over five 
miles in length, met him on his entry into the city and escorted him to his 
residence amid the cheers and blessings of a hundred thousand people who 
lined the streets on which the procession marched. 

Welfare Work 

The archbishop bestowed special attention upon the eleemosynary in- 
stitutions ; Homes for the Aged, Hospitals, Refuges for Young Women, Orphan 
Asylums and Foundlings' Homes were established. Under his direction the 
Catholic Industrial School for Boys, formerly existing, was transferred to a 
farm on the Desplaines River, twenty miles from the city, and the foundation 
of Feehanville — now known as St. Mary's Training School — was laid. 

In 1884 the archbishop attended the Third Plenary Council of Balti- 
more, accompanied by the vicar-general, Very Reverend Patrick J. Conway, 
and Reverend John Waldron, pastor of St. John's Church. 

Archdiocesan Synod 

A memorable meeting in the history of the Archdiocese of Chicago was 
the first Archdiocesan Synod which was held Tuesday, December 13, 1887, in 
the Cathedral of the Holy Name, and was attended by all the pastors of the 
archdiocese. The chief purpose of the synod was the promulgation of the 
decrees of the Third Plenary Council. After Pontifical High Mass, celebrated 
by Archbishop Feehan, assisted by Revs. Thomas Burke and Ferdinand Kal- 
velage, as deacons of honor. Rev. A. L. Bergeron as deacon and Rev. J. M, 
Cartan as sub-deacon, and Rev. M. J. Fitzsimmons as master of ceremonies, 
the synod convened for deliberation. 

The following were the officers of the synod at which His Grace the 
Archbishop presided : Very Rev. Vicar-General P. J. Conway, promoter ; Rev. 
M. J. Fitzsimmons, secretary ; Revs. E. J. Dunne and T. F. Galligan, procur- 
ators ; Rev. T. F. Galligan and W. De la Porte, lectors, and Rev. P. J. Agnew, 
master of ceremonies. 

At the morning session the promulgation of the decrees of the Third 
Plenary Council was commenced, and was concluded at the afternoon session. 
The following reverend gentlemen were appointed as consultors of the arch- 
bishop : Very Rev. P. J, Conway, of the Cathedral ; Rev. Thomas Burke, of 
St. Columbkille's Church; Rev. Ferdinand Kalvelage, of St. Francis' Church; 
Rev. Joseph Molitor, of St. Wenceslaus' Church ; Rev. J. Mangan, of St. Mary's 
Church, Joliet, and Rev. J. Mackin, of Immaculate Conception Church, Elgin. 

The question of permanent rectors was also considered, and the follow- 
ing pastors were declared irremovable except for cause : Rev. T. F. Galligan, 
of St. Patrick's; Rev. D. M. J. Dowling, of St. Bridget's; Rev. Thomas Burke, 
of St. Columbkille's; Rev. Hugh McGuire, of St. James; Rev. P. Fischer of St. 



Page Fifty-six ' Diamond Jubilee 

Anthony of Padua; Rev. J. J. Flaherty, of St. James', Rockford; Rev. J. 
Mackin. of St. Mary's, Elgin; Rev. E. W. Gavin, of Immaculate Conception, 
Waukegan ; Rev. C. Kalvelage, of St. Joseph's, Freeport, and Very Rev. M. 
Donahue, of St. Mary's, Evanston. 

An important board, charged with the duty of examining candidates for 
ordination, was also appointed, consisting of the Reverends T. J. Butler, D. D,, 
T. Cashman. M. J. Dorney, J. Mackin, T. P. Hodnett, H. McGuire, W. De la 
Porte and G. Venn. 

Boards of school examiners for the different divisions of the city and of 
the country districts were selected as follows : North Side — Reverends P. T. 
Butler. J. Ebortt, C. M. and P. O'Brien. South Side— T. J. Butler, D. D., H. 
McGuire and E. J. Dunne. West Side— T. P. Hodnett, T. F. Galligan and 
F. S. Henneberry. German City Schools — Reverends P. Fischer, A. J. Thiele 
and Earth. Bohemian and Polish Schools — Reverends A. Barzynski, F. Bobal 
and A. Tarasicwic. For outside schools — Reverend J. J. McGovern, D. D., 
Lockport; Reverend T. F. Mangan, Joliet; Reverend J. E. Hogan, Lemont; 
Reverend J. J. Flaherty, Rockford ; Reverend J. Mackin, Elgin ; Reverend E. W. 
Gavin, Waukegan; Reverend C. Schnuckel, Aurora; Reverend C. Kalvelage, 
Freeport ; Reverend P. Beaudoin, Bourbonnais Grove ; Reverend P. Paradis, 
Kankakee; Reverend A. L. Bergeron, Chicago; Reverend W. Netstraeter, 
Wilmette; Reverend J. Widerhold, Winfield, and Reverend A. Wenker, Na- 
perville. 

The following were appointed Rural Deans, one for each district : Very 
Reverends M. Donahue, P. Beaudoin, T. F. Mangan and A. J. Murphy. 

Reverend E. J. Dunne of All Saints' Church, was appointed Procurator 
Fiscalis, and Reverend P. J. Butler, Defensor Matrimoni. 

Important Events 

In this same year, 1887, the Archbishop purchased property for a Cath- 
olic cemetery for the parishes on the south side of Chicago, and dedicated it 
under the title of "Mount Olivet Cemetery." 

On July 1, 1887, occurred the death of Reverend John Waldron, one of 
the most beloved of the clergy of the diocese. 

On October 28, 1887, the Archbishop consecrated the Rt. Rev. Maurice 
Burke, pastor of St. Mary's at Joliet, Illinois, who had been appointed Bishop 
of the new See at Cheyenne. 

On July 1, 1888, occurred the death of the Very Rev. Patrick J. Conway, 
Vicar-General of the diocese, and on September 25, 1889, Rev. Joseph P. Roler, 
pastor of St. Mary's Church, was called to his reward after twenty-five years 
of successful labors in the Diocese of Chicago. 

In 1890, Archbishop Feehan appointed Rev. D. M. J. Dowling, pastor of 
St. Bridget's Church, Vicar-General of the Archdiocese. 

The year 1890 marked the Silver Jubilee of the Most Rev. Patrick A. 
Feehan.' This anniversary was the occasion of a notable celebration, but be- 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Fifty-seven 

fore speaking of the ceremonies incident to the Silver Jubilee, it will be inter- 
esting to review the great Archbishop's labors during the ten years of his 
episcopacy as Archbishop of Chicago. 

The evidences of Archbishop Feehan's enthusiastic zeal in the cause of 
religious education are seen in the educational institutions established during 
his administration : St. Patrick's Academy, the Josephinum, the De La Salle 
Institute, the large number of parochial schools in the city, St. Viateur's College 
at Bourbonnais, the Loretto Academy, Joliet; St. Francis Academy, Joliet, 
and numerous other institutions. 

"Archbishop Feehan has been unceasing in his good work since his ar- 
rival in Chicago. In nine years from January 1, 1881, to December 31, 1890, 
he has regularly visited his archdiocese, traveling by railroads and wagon 
roads wherever his services were needed, and thus it was at the close of a 
decade and the tenth anniversary of his arrival in Chicago, he had confirmed 
over 100,000 persons; had ordained 175 priests, and had laid the corner-stones 
of sixty churches ; dedicated seventy-two, and invariably seconded the labors of 
his priests in all their undertakings." 

The Silver Jubilee 

During the summer of 1890 a few of the priests of the diocese, including 
Fathers E. A. Kelly, F. S. Henneberry, B. P. Murray, E. J. Dunne, Thomas 
Galligan, P. D. Gill, S. A. Maloney, D. Hayes, and P. M. Flanagan, sent a 
letter to the clergy of the Chicago Diocese, suggesting a meeting at St. Pat- 
rick's Church, Chicago, on June 19th, at 3 :00 p. m., "for the purpose of making 
arrangements to celebrate the auspicious event (the Silver Jubilee of the Most 
Reverend Archbishop's consecration) in a manner that would be a credit to 
themselves and worthy of His Grace." 

The meeting was attended by most of the priests of the diocese, and a 
plan was agreed upon for the celebration, and committees appointed to have 
charge thereof, and in accordance with the plan and its development, the ob- 
servance was held on October 29-30, 1890. 

The celebration was begun, as was, of course, to be expected, with Sol- 
emn Pontifical Mass in the Holy Name Cathedral, at 10:30. A procession 
composed of nearly four hundred clergymen filed out of the Catholic school 
on Cass Street, turning west on Superior, thence north on State Street to the 
main entrance of the Cathedral, and headed by the cross bearer and a large 
number of acolytes entered the Cathedral. After these came the Brothers, 
teachers of the Holy Name Male School, followed by the clergymen, superiors 
of seminaries and colleges, the Reverend Administrators and Vicar-Generals, 
and lastly by the prelates, who came forth from the parochial residence, each 
taking place according to the year of consecration, the senior prelates being 
last, and each being accompanied by a chaplain. His Grace, Archbishop Fee- 
han, surrounded by the ministers of the Mass, clad in rich vestments and pre- 
ceded by Rev. M. Mankin, carrying the Arch-episcopal Cross, came last. The 



Page Fifty-eight Diamond Jubilee 

procession of priests moved up the center aisle, and as it advanced opened out, 
permitting the dignitaries to pass through the ranks into the Sanctuary and 
take their places at the right and left of the main altar. The clergy were 
placed around the side altars and in the front pews. Representatives of the 
different religious communities in the city occupied pews next the clergy. The 
body of the church was filled to capacity by Catholics and non-Catholics. 

In the celebration of the Pontifical Mass, the Archbishop was assisted 
by the following priests: Very Rev. D. M. J. Dowling, Vicar-General, Assist- 
ant Priest ; deacons of honor : Rev. Thomas Burke, rector of St. Columbkille's ; 
Rev. Ferdinand Kalvelage, rector of St. Francis of Assisium ; Rev. M. J. Fitz- 
simmons, rector of the Cathedral, deacon of the Mass; Rev. F. N. Perry, sub- 
deacon; Rev. Peter J. Muldoon, first master of ceremonies ; Rev. M. J. Mooney, 
second master of ceremonies; Brother Harrington of the Holy Name School, 
third master of ceremonies, assisted by fifty altar boys. 

After the first gospel the Rt. Rev. John J. Hogan, Bishop of Kansas City, 
ascended the pulpit and delivered an eloquent sermon that was listened to 
with rapt attention. Through it all he paid a most touching aind graceful 
tribute of respect to the venerable Archbishop. After the sermon the Mass 
was concluded and the congregation departed. 

In the afternoon a magnificent banquet was held at the Auditorium 
Hotel. At the close of the banquet, Rev. E. J. Dunne, as the Chairman of 
the Committee on Arrangements, announced that the address of the clergy to 
His Grace was now in order, and after that the toasts with accompanying 
speeches by eloquent orators would follow in the order stated on the program, 
and that His Grace had consented to act as Chairman. The program alluded 
to was as follows : 

Programme 

Silver Jubilee — Congratulatory address of the Clergy, "Ad Multos An- 
nas," by Very Rev. D. M. J. Dowling, V. G. 

"Our Holy Father" — Vice-regent of Christ, Spiritual Ruler of Christen- 
dom — Rev. Dr. McGovem. 

Song, Selected — Rev. Dr. Butler. 

"The Visiting Bishops" — Archbishops Ryan and Elder. 

"The Clergy of the Archdiocese of Chicago" — Rev. E. J. Dunne. 

"The Visiting Clergy"— Rev. D. S. Phelan of St. Louis. 

Song, Quartet — Fathers Dore, Kelly, O'Callahan and Mahoney. 

"Our Church and Our Country" — A good Catholic, a good citizen — 
Bishop Spaulding of Peoria. 

"The Catholic Church in Chicago" — She has kept pace with the unrivaled 
growth of our magnificent city — Rev. D. J. McCaffrey. 

Father Dunne then introduced the Very Rev. D. M. J. Dowling, Vicar- 
General of the Archdiocese, who read the address, the sentiment being "The 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Fifty-nine 

Clergy of the Archdiocese on the occasion of the Archbishop's twenty-fifth an- 
niversary." 

Address of Very Reverend D. M. J. Dowling, V.-G. 

"Your Grace: A quarter of a century has passed since the miter you 
wear and have honored, was placed upon your head. Your 333 priests and 
500,000 faithful people offer you greetings the kindliest on this Silver Jubilee 
of your elevation to the episcopacy. The ten years you have ruled our glorious 
young church merit the priestly tribute of reverence and loyalty we offer you 
today, and the magnificent lay demonstration of affection and veneration 
which the streets of your metropolitan city will present to you tonight. Your 
apostolic career for fifteen years in Tennessee was a most gratifying contri- 
bution to the religious zeal, the heart-felt solicitude, the' encouraging sym- 
pathy, the gladdening consolation and happy salvation of fallen and suffering 
humanity. Those who were struggling out of the miseries that desolating 
war spread over the land, the unfortunate ones that grinding poverty held in 
remorseless grasp, the orphans that resistless and death-dealing pestilence 
made your inheritance, and the children whose lives have since shed luster 
on the religious and educational training of their youth, rejoice with you on 
this grand day and pray for God's choicest blessings on you, their kind pro- 
tector and fond father and faithful shepherd. 

"Fifteen years of unalloyed devotion to duties that required sublimest 
charity, the most faultless administrative ability, and most zealous, unfalter- 
ing devotion to the Holy Church at Nashville merited the well-bestowed 
recognition, when at the death of the saintly Bishop Foley, loved and lamented 
by priests and people, the Holy See, at the request of the Archbishop and 
Bishops of the province of St. Louis, appointed Your Grace, Archbishop of the 
new metropolitan See of Chicago. This was just ten years ago, and never in 
the growth of any city has such progress been crowded into so short a space. 
Even the magical creation of the mythical cities of fiction and fable has been 
more than rivaled. The record of un ippreciable result and apostolic achieve- 
ment that are the history of this period of our church, is linked imperishably 
with your Grace's name, for this has been the church-building epoch of our 
history, and the faithful of twelve distinct nationalities worship at the holy 
altars of eighty churches, and they are one in faith and prayer and sacrifice. 
It is also the Catholic school-building epoch of our history. We have compar- 
atively the largest parochial school attendance of any diocese in our land, and 
the recognition of the city school authorities ranks our primary and grammar 
schools with theirs, and guarantees their efficiency to the skeptical as well as 
to the confiding. 

"It has been the epoch of unsurpassed development in the growth of in- 
stitutions that were required to meet the spiritual and corporal and moral 
needs of our ever increasing multitudes of people. This epoch is teeming 
with the numbers of churches, schools, convents, academies, orphan asylums, 
industrial schools, hospitals and homes for the aged and the magdalen, that 



Page Sixty Diamond Jubilee 

give our diocese a pre-eminence and importance that the proudest of the 
world's cities can scarcely boast. Yet this wonderful consummation is not the 
history of the development of ages, or even of one generation, but of your 
Grace's wise, gentle, firm and progressive administration for ten short years. 
Is not this glory enough, the making of the grand history ol God's Church? 
Yet there is another phase of your Grace's career that calls for profoundest' 
recognition from your devoted clergy today, for while God thrc^ugh His 
Church has bestowed greatness on you that would gratify the dreamiest am- 
bition, the highest order of the apostolic inheritance, neither king nor emperor 
has ever possessed it, irresistible without the power of the sword, yet defense- 
less priests and people have always revered and reverenced it, because in it 
they recognize the divine bond of Christian unity. It is the exquisite harmony 
between metropolitan dignity, apostolic simplicity, gentleness of manner and 
kindness of heart that is peculiarly your own, and while we express our felici- 
tations and congratulations on this bright Silver Jubilee of your consecration 
to the episcopacy in proud enthusiasm over your Grace's most Glorious ad- 
ministration, we owe it to every recollection of your Grace's kindness and 
thoughtfulness, that are the equal portion of every priest in your diocese, to 
proclaim our loyal admiration, true devotion and honest reverence for your 
Grace's personal character, 'ad multos anp/)s'" 

The Archbishop very graciously responded, and at the conclusion of his 
address assumed the duty of toastmaster. 

The addresses in response to the toasts were, of course, eloquent efforts, 
as was to be expected from men of the high order of ability who gave them. 

On Wednesday evening "the largest and most imposing torchlight pro- 
cession ever seen in the United States took place. Sixty thousand marching 
men, extending over eight miles in length, paraded the streets in honor of the 
Archbishop, with as much order, discipline and decorum as if they were 
under military guidance." 

On Thursday, October 10, addresses were presented by pupils of the 
different Catholic schools, including the Colored, Italian, French-Canadian, 
German, Bohemian, Polish, Deaf Mutes, English speaking, Feehanville Train- 
ing School, and by the German orphans and St. Joseph's orphans, to all of 
which His Grace listened with genuine pleasure, and at the conclusion of 
which he granted that school boys' and girls' greatest boon — a holiday. 

In the evening occurred the Catholic citizens' celebration, when five 
thousand of the citizens of Chicago, representing every nationality, crowded 
the Auditorium Theatre. 

After the grand welcome march by the orchestra, the United church 
choirs of the city sang the Jubilee Hymn, the chorus being taken up by the 
entire audience. Mr. Thomas Brennan, Chairman of the Celebration, an- 
nounced the program, beginning with an address from the Colored Catholics 
of Chicago, which was read by Mr. Lincoln Valle. Mr. J. P. Beretta repre- 
sented the Italian citizens; Mr. P. C. Harbur spoke for the French; Mr. A. C. 
Hessing for the German ; Mr. P. T. Barry for the Irish. Addresses were 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Sixty-one 

also presented on behalf of the Poles, the Bohemians, the Union Catholic 
Library Association and the Catholic Order of Foresters. Judge Thomas A. 
Moran gave the general address on the part of the citizens, which is so replete 
in historical information of the diocese during the Archbishop's administra- 
tion that we feel justified in reproducing the address in full : 

Judge Moran's Address 

"Most Reverend Archbishop — We come tonight to offer to you our con- 
gratulations on the completion of your twenty-five years of service in the 
high office of Bishop of the Church. 

"The clergy of your Archdiocese and the laity of this city have availed 
themselves of the occasion to testify their respect, affection and reverence to- 
wards you personally, and their love for and loyalty to Our Holy Mother the 
Church, in whose hierarchy you most worthily hold so elevated, dignified and 
responsible a place. In expression of these sentiments toward your Grace, 
and of fidelity to their faith, the men of the different parishes of the city 
passed in review before you in a procession which, in character and numbers 
equalled, if it did not surpass any demonstration that ever before occurred in 
this city; and here tonight, in the presence of this vast assemblage of Cath- 
olics, Archbishops and Bishops, clergy and laity, you have been tendered con- 
gratulations by representatives of the several nationalities composing the 
Catholic people of this great city — all expressing esteem and respect for you, 
their Archbishop, and faith in and loyalty to the teachings of the Catholic 
Church. 

"You may well regard with gratification and your people with just 
pride the progress made in the Archdiocese, in the increase in churches, and 
in all religious, educational and charitable institutions, as well as in the Cath- 
olic population during the ten years of your administration. 

"The number of secular priests has in that time increased from 120 to 
235; of priests in religious orders, from sixty to sixty-eight; ecclesiastical 
students from thirty to sixty-five; colleges from two to four, and academies 
from twelve to twenty-two. There have been added to those in existence in 
1880, three hospitals for the sick, two asylums for the orphans, an industrial 
school for boys, an industrial school for girls, a home for the aged, and a 
Magdalen asylum. In 1880 the Catholic population of the diocese was about 
230,000, and there were 170 churches; now the population may be justly esti- 
mated at 460,000, and the churches number 218. The greatest increase in 
churches, as well as, in educational and charitable institutions, has, of course, 
been in the portion of the diocese within this city, and has kept pace with the 
phenomenal growth of the city itself; but the progress in other cities and 
towns and in country districts has been marked, and such as to show general 
healthfulness and vitality. 

"A statement of the number of churches and educational and charitable 
institutions conveys no idea of the character of these edifices or of the effort 



Page Sixty-two Diamond Jubilee 

and money expended in their erection and equipment. Among them are some 
of the most beautiful parish churches to be found in the United States ; and 
most of them, to whatever use devoted, are architecturally tasteful, and are 
complete in the necessary equipment for the purposes they were designed to 
promote. 

"These all stand as monuments to the earnestness and generosity of the 
Catholic population. They w^ere built by the voluntary contributions of the* 
people, by the personal sacrifices and savings of the priests, and the untiring 
industry, self-denial and economy of Brothers and Nuns. They evidence the 
influence which Catholic faith exercises where the people are in the possession 
of civil and religious liberty. They testify what can be accomplished by a 
belienng flock when unhampered by state interference — what can be done by 
a free Church in a free State. 

"Upheld by the fidelity and generosity of her children, moved by the 
enthusiasm of a body of learned and zealous clergy, directed by the wisdom 
and prudence which has characterized your administration, growth and pros- 
perity have marked the course of the Church along every line of work in this 
wonderful city. As citizens of Chicago, we may share the just pride of our 
fellow citizens in the marvelous material development and magnificent indus- 
trial and intellectual accomplishments which place this community in the van 
of the nineteenth century progress, and so may we as Catholics point with 
exultation of soul to these signs of our Catholic spiritual and intellectual 
progress, and without fear that we will suffer by the comparison suggested. 
If non-Catholic Chicago can with just pride call attention to its colleges, uni- 
versities and libraries, rich and noble in wealth and endowments from million- 
aire friends and patrons, so can Catholic Chicago ask consideration for what 
the devotion and generosity of its comparatively poor people have accom- 
plished in building and maintaining institutions for practical education and 
advanced learning, but particularly for the establishment and support of the 
numerous and efficient parochial school 

"Catholic Education : The attendance of these Catholic schools now 
numbers, I am informed, 43,000 pupils, and it is our proud boast that more 
children are receiving a sound moral and intellectual training in our parochial 
schools than in any other diocese in the United States. In many of the par- 
ishes commodious school buildings have been erected, complete in all their 
appointments, and in nearly all the parishes well-attended schools are con- 
ducted, where the children, besides religious and moral training, receive an 
intellectual training in all the grammar school grades, in all respects as thor- 
ough as that given in any of the public schools. We know, Most Reverend 
Archbishop, how dear the success and prosperity of these schools and the 
e.stabli.shment of this .system of education is to your heart. There are those 
who, out of the abundance of their ignorance, and impelled by their bigotry 
against the Catholic faith, cry out against the education of our children in 
those schools as being in some manner dangerous to our free institutions. It 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Sixty -three 

is not my purpose in alluding to this cry to pause on this occasion to refute 
it or to demonstrate its falsity. For the thoughtful, the intelligent and the 
impartial such refutation is unnecessary ; and for the malignant, the fanat- 
ical, the enemies of religion and morality, it would be useless. But let me ask 
who that could have witnessed the demonstration of the children of the 
Catholic parochial schools of this city in that audience room this mcJVning, in 
honor of your Grace, and as an expression of their congratulations on this 
happy occasion, could think that their education in love for their country was 
neglected? Who that could hear as you heard them, after singing the hymn 
of jubilee and thanksgiving appropriate to the occasion, voicing with all the 
enthusiasm of their loyal young hearts, the hymns and songs of the Republic, 
could doubt that love of this grand country and its free institutions and genuine 
sincere American patriotism was taught in the Catholic schools? 

"The intelligent and patriotic Catholic citizen has reached the convic- 
tion that securing to the rising generation the education that is imparted in 
these schools is the surest guarantee of the permanent preservation of our 
free institutions. To preserve civil liberty a people must have and practice 
the virtues, which exist only where morality is based on religion. 

"Our people have made sacrifices for the establishment and maintenance 
of these schools. They will continue to support, increase and preserve them ; 
they will know how to resent and how to prevent any impertinent interference 
with the control or management of these, their schools, no matter from what 
direction that attempt is made, and however specious may be the pretext for 
such interference. 

"We congratulate you, then, on the increase and success of these schools, 
as well as upon the prosperity of the diocese in other respects. Coming to 
us as our Archbishop ten years ago, designated and appointed by the Holy See 
as a deserved promotion for a happy and successful administration of the 
Diocese of Nashville during a period of fifteen years, you entered upon work 
in your field with a quietness and absence of all ostentation which we have 
learned to be one of your natural characteristics. By your gentle and kindly 
rule you have won the love of your priests ; by your paternal kindness and 
tenderness of heart, your zeal and piety in the discharge of your episcopal 
duties, you have endeared yourself to the faithful ; by your sympathy with and 
interest in all that tends to promote justice, order, brotherly love and good will 
among men and the general public weal, you have gained the respect and 
esteem of the entire community. Therefore, beloved Archbishop, come we all, 
American, Irish, English, German, French, Italian, Bohemian and Polish, 
diverse in language and in national customs, but one in faith, to express to 
you, each in the deepest and tenderest words of his native tongue, his sincere, 
heartfelt and affectionate congratulations on this, your Silver Jubilee. 

"The prayer of your faithful children is that Almighty God may pro- 
long your life and preserve your strength that you may continue in the care of 
His Church here imtil twenty-five years hence those little ones who today cele- 



Diamond Jubilee Page Sixty-four 

brated with such joy your Silver Jubilee may gather in their manhood and 
womanhood as intelligent and loyal citizens of the Republic, and dutiful and 
devoted children of the Church to celebrate your Golden Jubilee." 

The great demonstration was closed by an address of the Archbishop, in 
which he feelingly expressed his gratitude for the great loyalty shown him, 
and reciprocated all the good wishes expressed. 

Columbian Catholic Congress and Educational Exhibit 

A very important event in the administration of Archbishop Feehan 
was the Catholic Congress which was held September 4 to 9, 1893, during the 
World's Columbian Exposition. His Grace, the Archbishop, was naturally 
the head and center of the great movement which gathered distinguished 
prelates, able clergymen and representative laymen from all parts of the 
United States. 

The subjects discussed in the sessions of the Congress, were those vital 
topics that affect so materially the interests of all the people, — Religion, 
Catholic missionary work, charity, the drink evil, the labor problem, working- 
men's organizations, the future of the Negro race, pauperism, immigration, 
colonization, trade combinations and strikes, public and private charities, and 
education in all its phases. 

Catholic education was especially brought into prominence by devoting 
a special day of the Exposition to that subject and by directing especial at- 
tention to the notable Catholic school exhibit at the World's Fair. 

Most Reverend John Lancaster Spalding was the president of the Cath- 
olic school exhibit, and Brother Maurelian of the Christian Brothers' schools 
had custody of the exhibit. In a speech of acceptance of the exhibit at the 
hands of Bishop Spalding, Dr. Peabody stated "that he considered the Catholic 
Educational Exhibit not only one of the choicest of his department, and a 
revelation to the American public, but also one of the great features of the 
Exposition," and on another occasion, in response to Most Reverend Arch- 
bishop Feehan, who presented the educational exhibit of the Archdiocese of 
Chicago, Dr. Peabody said: "It affords me much pleasure to be present 
to-day, as I stand before you, the chief of the Liberal Arts department, to 
receive in the name of the great Columbian Exposition the Chicago Educa- 
tional Exhibit. None save those who have labored in this field can value the 
vast amount of labor of such an exhibit, and one so neat, and so tastefully 
arranged. Without flattery I can honestly say and feel that the compliment 
is justly given that the Chicago exhibit is the gem of my department. We 
may have different views in school policy, still I feel that all true educators 
will be greatly benefited by our entire Educational Exhibit. You may see 
what we are accomplishing and we may examine the result of your school 
system. The result of such intercourse in the Exposition will be a broader 
conception of education and a larger love for all who are tending to one end, 
namely, to make our youth holier, truer scholars, and better citizens." 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Sixty-five 

A contemporary expression relative to the Educational Exhibit is in- 
teresting: "The Columbian Exposition gloriously surpassed all former ef- 
forts in the same line, and unmistakably the Catholic Church never worked 
so energetically or displayed herself so conspicuously to engage the respect, 
admiration and love of the world as in this Exposition. All classes and 
creeds, some in praise, others in criticism, announced that the Catholic Church 
had caught every inspiration, and had taken advantage of every opportunity. 
We feel that this was nowhere more conspicuously patent than in the Catholic 
Educational Exhibit. Catholics visited the section, and beheld in astonish- 
ment the abundance, variety and general perfection of the Exhibit. They 
departed proud that they were of the fold, and silently promised to be more 
generous in the future in aid of the good cause. Non-Catholics found their 
way to the Catholic exhibit and some willingly, others spitefully, pronounced 
it a revelation, a lesson and a herculean task wonderfully well accomplished. 
The Catholic educational display has advanced among Catholics at one bold 
stroke the cause of Catholic education a quarter of a century, and among non- 
Catholics it has undoubtedly dissipated prejudices that in the usual flow of 
events would not have been obliterated in fifty years." 

Declining Health 

The archbishop's health became so impaired and his labors so volumi- 
nous, that he petitioned the Holy See for an episcopal assistant, and in answer 
to this request the Reverend Alexander J. McGavick was appointed Auxiliary 
Bishop to the Diocese and Titular Bishop of Narcopolis, May 1, 1889. The 
new auxiliary bishop relieved the Archbishop of much of his work, but his 
health continued to decline and he soon became almost incapacitated for work. 
The Holy See was again petitioned for aid and the Reverend Peter J. Mul- 
doon was consecrated titular bishop of Tamassus, July 25, 1901. Bishop 
Muldoon proved a tower of strength for the archbishop and gave him much 
consolation. 

Prior to the elevation of Bishop Muldoon, Archbishop Feehan made the 
diocesan visitations himself and in the twenty years that he was active in 
this regard, he had confirmed about 200,000 persons, ordained 250 priests, 
laid the cornerstones of eighty churches and dedicated over one hundred 
churches. 

Retrospect 

The twenty-two years during which the archbishop ruled the destinies 
of the Chicago Diocese were indeed fruitful ones. "His administration in Chi- 
cago saw a development of Catholic life unprecedented in any other period of 
the city's history. When he was installed there were in the diocese two hun- 
dred and four priests, while at his death there were five hundred and thirty- 
eight. At his advent there were one hundred and four churches, when he died 
there were two hundred and ninety-eight. The City of Chicago, when he was 



Page Sixty-six Diamond Jubilee 

promoted to the see, had thirty-four churches, — at his passing away there 
were in the city one hundred and fifty churches. Some idea of the manner in 
which Catholic education was promoted under this archbishop can be gath- 
ered from the list of institutions which sprang up in his time, among them 
the De LaSalle Institute, Saint Cyril's College, St. Vincent's College, St. 
Viateur's College at Bourbonnais, St. Patrick's Academy and the Loretto 
Academy at Joliet. 

Archbishop Feehan's diocesan works include the following: 

Churches 

St. Adalbert's, St. Alphonsus, St. Augustine's, St. Bernard's (first mar- 
ble church ever built in Chicago) St. Cecelia's, St. Charles Borromeo's, St. 
Elizabeth's, St. George's, The Assumption, St. Gabriel's, Holy Angels, St. 
Jarlath's, St. John Cantius, St. Malachy's, St. Mary's of Perpetual Help, 
St. Martin's, St. Monica's (for colored people), The Nativity, St. Pius's, St. 
Thomas, St. Vincent's, St. Patrick's (Amboy), St. James' (Belvidere), St. 
Mary's (Freeport), St. Joseph's (Harvard), St. John the Baptist's (Johns- 
burg), St. Patrick's (Kankakee), St. Patrick's (Lemont), St. Mary's (Ore- 
gon), St. Patrick's (Rochelle), St. Mary's (Rockford), St. Rose's (Wilming- 
ton). 

Schools 

De La Salle Institute, St. Patrick's Academy, Loretto Academy (Joliet), 
St. Francis' xA.cademy (Joliet), Our Lady of Mount Carmel Academy, Loretto 
Convent (Englewood), Normal School (Irving Park), St. Agatha's Academy, 
The Josephinum. 

Eleemosynary Institutions 

St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Mercy Hospital (large additions), St. Joseph's 
Hospital (rebuilt), Alexian Brothers' Hospital, The Ephpheta School for 
Deaf, Houses of Providence for young girls out of place, ' on the north, south 
and west sides of the city ; Homes for the Aged on the north and south sides ; 
Chicago Industrial School for Girls, St. Mary's Industrial School for boys 
(Feehanville), News Boys' Home, Boys' Orphan Asylum (Irving Park). 

Archbishop Feehan at Home 

Archbishop Feehan lived in the diocesan residence at 623 North State 
Street, almost directly on the edge of Lincoln Park. In his later years he 
was very retiring and, when not directly engaged in the discharge of the 
duties of his office, was to be found much of the time in his library. The 
library contained over five thousand volumes, principally on ecclesiastical and 
patriotic subjects. There were many old folio copies of the medieval theo- 
logians and other rare books, and the archbishop read them! with much 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Sixty-seven 

pleasure almost to the end of his life. "He was in every sense of the word 
a book-lover and a patron of all that was literary and scholarly." 

A beautiful trait of the archbishop's character was his love for flowers. 
Every morning and evening in the declining days of his life, he spent a pleas- 
ant hour in his well filled conservatory. He used to say that "flowers are like 
the sunshine to a child — they bring a little of God's free world into the 
cramped city life." 

Death of Archbishop Feehan 

*rhe Archbishop died at the Archiepiscopal residence, North State Street 
and North Avenue, a little after four o'clock, Saturday, July 12, 1902. His 
sister. Mother Catherine Feehan, Superioress of St. Patrick's Academy, and 
the chancellor of the diocese. Father James Barry, were present at his death- 
bed. The cause of death was heart failure, induced by an acute attack of 
indigestion. Due to an attack of pneumonia a year prior to his death, the 
archbishop was in an enfeebled condition. 

With due solemnity the remains of the archbishop were brought to the 
Cathedral of the Holy Name on Tuesday afternoon, where they lay in state 
until nine o'clock Thursday morning when a Pontifical Requiem High Mass 
was celebrated and an eloquent sermon preached by Most Reverend Patrick 
John Ryan, Archbishop of Philadelphia. At the conclusion of the Mass, His 
Eminence, James Cardinal Gibbons, Primate of the American Church, pro- 
nounced the last absolution as did the five suffragan bishops of the Province : 
Bishops Spalding, Muldoon, McGavick, James Ryan of Alton and John Janssen 
of Belleville. After the ceremonies at the church, the funeral cortege, led 
by the 7th Regiment, I. N. G., proceededto Calvary Cemetery. 

At the cemetery the benediction was chanted by the assembled clergy 
and the final prayers said by Cardinal Gibbons and Bishops Ryan and Mul- 
doon, and the precious remains were then laid in the public vault at Calvary, 
but on the following Sunday, July 20, 1902, were removed from the public 
vault to the vault owned by Charles A. Plamondon. 

When the mausoleum in Mount Carmel Cemetery was completed by 
Archbishop Quigley, the remains of Archbishop Feehan were removed there 
in 1912. 

The Feehan Souvenir is the best source of information concerning the subject of this chapter. 
The current issues of the Chicago daily press are also valuable sources. Appreciations of Arch- 
bishop Feehan are found in Rev. Thomas E. Judge's beautiful book, AMERICAN PRELATES, pub- 
lished by J. J. McAssey and in Ffrench's IRISH IX CHICAGO. The Columbian Catholic Congress 
and Educational Exhibit is admirably treated in thr honk of that title, published bu J. S. Hyland 
and Company, Chicago. 



.'iir'.'.^^af&^^.S': '■:;>juc> » j>i,¥s.; M7t 'SxxmrgKxmm^t3i^JiiiKmiimmftaE«tm 




mMii 



Rt R(?v. Alexander J. McGavlcl< DK 

Titular BisKop of Marcopolis 



^ 

i 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Sixty-nine 

Auxiliary liuljap of (El^irago 



B] 




iISHOP McGAVICK is a native of Illinois, being born in Lake 
* County, near Fox Lake. His early training being completed he 
entered St. Viator's College, Bourbonnais, Illinois, where he 
completed the classical course with highest honors. The follow- 
ing year found him an a spirant to the priesthood in the same 
institution. Having passed through the usual course of studies, 
he was ordained priest by the late Archbishop Feehan on June 11, 1887. As a 
priest Father McGavick's first appointment was to the Church of All Saints, 
Twenty-fifth and Wallace Streets, where he labored with great zeal and suc- 
cess until he became pastor of St. John's Church, in August, 1897. Shortly 
after Archbishop Feehan petitioned Rome for an auxiliary bishop, and in 
December, 1898, announcement was made that a petition had been granted 
and that Reverend A. J. McGavick had been selected as the first Auxiliary 
Bishop of Chicago. On May 1, 1899, he was consecrated bishop in the Ca- 
thedral of the Holy Name. Nearly a year after his consecration Bishop 
McGavick was transferred to the Church of the Holy Angels in 1900, and was 
made irremovable rector in 1901. During his many years at Holy Angels he 
has labored unceasingly for its welfare, so that today it is considered one of 
the leading parishes of the diocese. Shortly after the coming of our Most 
Reverend Archbishop Mundelein to Chicago, he appointed Bishop McGavick 
spiritual director of the Holy Name Society, and gave to the society the special 
work of caring for the wayward boys who appeared in the courts. In this work 
Bishop McGavick has had most gratifying success. In the short space of four 
years he has organized branches in almost every parish of the diocese, and 
has increased the membership by many thousands, so that today the Holy 
Name Society of Chicago is attracting the attention of the entire country. 
In addition to this there has also been organized in every Holy Name 
branch a "Big Brother" committee, whose duty it is to look after the wayward 
boys of the parish. The work of the "Big Brothers" has already met with 
success, and has received the highest praises from both Catholics and non- 
Catholics alike. It is to Bishop McGavick that the credit must be given for 
the success of this work, for he has labored untiringly to bring about the 
present conditions. 




Rt. Rev. Peter J. Nuldoor\ 

Former Auxiliary BisKop of CKica^o 
1901-1908 
Now Bishop of RocKford 





The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Seventy-one 

•Kiglrt J^cttercl1^ f ctcr |. 4W^ll^oolv, P. p. 

ISialiaiJ of Sorkforb 

*HE Right Reverend Bishop of the Rockford Diocese was born at 
Columbia, Tuohimne County, California, on October 10, 1863. 
His parents, John J. and Catherine (Coughlin) Muldoon, were 
natives respectively of County Cavan and County Galway, Ire- 
land. His father was a contractor, and left Ireland when a 
young man to settle at Stockton, California. Here the youth 
obtained his early education. At fourteen years of age he entered upon the 
collegiate course (classical and commercial) at St. Mary's, Kentucky, and 
four years later began the two year philosophical course at St. Mary's Sem- 
inary, Baltimore, Maryland, completing his studies with the four year theo- 
logical course in that institution. 

He was ordained to the priesthood in Brooklyn, New York, by Right 
Reverend John Laughlin, D. D., the first Bishop of Brooklyn, on December 
18, 1886. 

His first appointment was to St. Pius' Church, Chicago, where he re- 
mained for eighteen months. In November, 1888, he was appointed Chan- 
cellor of the Archdiocese of Chicago and secretary to His Grace Archbishop 
Patrick Augustine Feehan, and remained in that relation until November, 
1895. Besides his important duties as chancellor and secretary, Father Mul- 
doon was selected as secretary of the Chicago Catholic Educational Exhibit at 
the Columbian Exposition. 

On July 25, 1901, Father Muldoon was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of 
Chicago, with the title of Bishop of Tamassus, as assistant to Archbishop 
Feehan. 

In November, 1895, Bishop Muldoon became pastor of St. Charles Bor- 
romeo's church, Chicago, situated at Twelfth (now Roosevelt Road) and 
Cypress Streets. While in this pastorate the Right Reverend Bishop brought 
the parish to a most satisfactory standing, and is especially renowned for the 
high state of efficiency to which he brought the parochial schools. 

On September 28, 1908, the Diocese of Rockford was established, and 
the Right Reverend Peter J. Muldoon, D. D., was appointed first bishop. 

Bishop Muldoon's diocese was carved out of the Chicago Diocese at the 
suggestion of the late Most Reverend Archbishop James Edward Quigley, 
and comprises the counties of Jo-Daviess, Stephenson, Winnebago, Boone, Mc- 
Henry, Carroll, Ogle, Dekalb, Kane, Whiteside, Lee and Kendall. 

The nearly twelve years of Bishop Muldoon's administration of the 
Rockford Diocese have been very busy ones. He has been especially active in 
building up the school system of the diocese, and has labored to place every 
parish on a sound footing. 



Page Seventy-two Diamond Jubilee 

When the war came on, Bishop Muldoon was early called mto the ser- 
vice, and may without exaggeration be said to be one of the most active 
prelates in America in connection with war welfare work. He was early 
made chairman of the Administrative Committee of the National Catholic 
War Council, and has been continually engaged in war welfare work to the 
present time. 

One of the duties that has been discharged by Bishop Muldoon for many 
years is that of chaplain to the State Council of the Knights of Columbus. In 
that connection he has been responsible for the establishment and organiza- 
tion of the Knights of Columbus Home Finding Association, which has done 
much excellent work in securing Catholic homes for orphan children through- 
out the state. 

The latest available statistics show that the Catholic population of the 
Rockford Diocese is 58,527; that there are 115 priests, 115 churches, stations 
and chapels. 39 schools, with above 6,500 pupils and students, an orphan 
asylum, two homes for old people, and six hospitals. 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Seventy-three 

®hp (grpat AiiniutHtralor— ^&frotii» Arrl]bisl7ap of (Eljirago 

fOST REV. JAMES EDWARD QUIGLEY, D. D., second Arch- 
bishop of Chicago, was born of devout Catholic parents, James 
Quigley and Mary Lacey Quigley, in Oshawa, Ontario, Canada, 
on October 15, 1854. His parents were both from Ireland. 
WTiile he was still a child his family removed to Buffalo, N. Y. 
At the Christian Brothers' School in Buffalo he commenced his 
education. His theological studies were begun at the Seminary of Our Lady 
of Angels, now Niagara University, at Niagara Falls, New York. For sev- 
eral years he attended the University at Innsbruck, in Austria. Later he 
entered the College of the Propaganda, Rome, where he concluded his colle- 
giate studies in 1879, and received the degree of Doctor of Theology, summa 
cum laude. In the same year he was ordained priest, and returning to this 
country, he was assigned to St. Vincent's Church at Attica, N. Y. Several 
years later he was made rector of St. Joseph's Cathedral at Buffalo. 

After the death of the Right Rev. Stephen V. Ryan, Fathei* Quigley 
was appointed his successor, and was consecrated Bishop of Buffalo, Febru- 
ary 24, 1897. 

On December 17, 1902, Pope Leo XIII confirmed the selection of Bishop 
Quigley as Archbishop of Chicago, and he was formally installed on March 
10, 1903, at eight o'clock in the evening, in the Holy Name Cathedral. 

The words of the new archbishop in response to the address of Right 
Rev. Peter J. Muldoon, the administrator of the diocese since the death of 
Archbishop Feehan, that impressed his hearers most, were : "You have prom- 
ised your reverence and your obedience — I hope I shall have your love also. 
When reverence and obedience and love are joined, they have the power of 
God Himself." 

Church Work 

When Archbishop Quigley came to Chicago he found 252 diocesan 
churches with resident priests, and fifty missions. At his death there were 
326 churches with attendant pastors, and only 25 missions. Thus in all, sev- 
enty-five parishes owe their creation to the remarkable work of the distin- 
guished archbishop. 

Many of the new churches were erected to accommodate the ever-in- 
creasing foreign Catholic population of the city. Archbishop Quigley was 
most zealous in seeing that these adopted children of America were well cared 
for. In particular during Archbishop Quigley's administration twenty new 
Italian Catholic Churches were erected. 




Most Rev/James E. Quirky. D.D. 

Second ArcKbisKop 1903-1915 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Seventy-five 

When Archbishop Quigley was installed in the Archdiocese of Chicago, 
there were 417 secular priests and 149 priests of various religious orders. At 
his death, the secular clergy numbered 496 and the religious 294, or a total 
of 790 — an increase of 224. 

It was during his administration, on July 26, 1909, that the Right Rev. 
Paul P. Rhode, D. D., was made Auxiliary Bishop of Chicago. Bishop Rhode 
was the first Pole to be raised to that high dignity of the Church in America. 

New Diocese Created 

Another work due to the recommendation of Archbishop Quigley was the 
sub-division of the Chicago Diocese and the creation of a diocese at Rockford. 
The order for the establishment of this new diocese came from Rome in the 
fall of 1908, and shortly after followed the appointment of Rt. Rev. Peter J. 
Muldoon, D. D., then vicar-general of the archdiocese, as first bishop of the 
new see. 

Education During Archbishop Quigley' s Administration 

One of the distinguishing features of Archbishop Quigley's administra- 
tion was the remarkable growth of the parochial school system. During his 
administration the diocesan parochial schools increased from 166 to 256, and 
the students in such schools from 67,329 to 109,162. 

The archbishop never favored the building of a church for a new parish 
without providing at the same time quarters for a school. This policy led 
to the erection of many so-called combination buildings, comprising church 
and school under one roof. 

Archbishop Quigley opened in the city a diocesan seminary — Cathedral 
College. This college was established in 1905. At the time of his death, 175 
students were enrolled. 

In the field of higher education, Archbishop Quigley saw the establish- 
ment of two Catholic universities — Loyola University, under the direction of 
the Jesuits, and De Paul University, in charge of the Fathers of the Congre- 
gation of the Mission, otherwise known as the Vincentians and Lazarists. 

When Archbishop Quigley came to the Chicago Diocese, there were 
eight colleges and academies for boys. At his death there were twelve, and 
the attendance had increased nearly four times. In the years 1902-03, there 
were 1,546 young men attending Catholic colleges, but in the year 1915 the 
number had increased to 5,641. 

There were also opened during Archbishop Quigley's administration 
several Catholic high schools for girls. 

Social Work of Archbishop Quigley 
St. Mary's Training School and the Chicago Industrial School for Girls 
are a part of the constructive achievements of Archbishop Quigley. At the end 
of his administration these institutions represented an investment of 
$1,70)0,000. 



Page Seventy-six Diamond Jubilee 

Another of the great works accomplished under Archbishop Quigley 
was the Illinois Technical School for colored girls, in charge of the Sisters of 
the Good Shepherd. This school, unique in character, was the only institution 
of its kind under Catholic supervision in the North. 

It is said the real heart of the archbishop was exposed when amongst 
the orphan children that were dearest to him — those for whose care he was 
personally responsible — the children of St. Mary's Training School and the 
Chicago Industrial School for Girls. With these children he was the father, 
and instinctively the children understood this. As he went amongst them in 
the playgrounds at Desplaines there was as little reserve as there would be 
between a good father and his family. 

The homeless boy, cast out on the street to make his own living, also 
came under the protection of Archbishop Quigley when he built for their 
shelter a working boys' home on Jackson Boulevard. 

The deaf and dumb found in Archbishop Quigley a friend and cham- 
pion. His solicitude for the future led to the housing of the Ephpheta School 
for the Deaf in a spacious building at 31 North Crawford Avenue, where 
those afflicted in this manner were given an opportunity to learn some art or 
trade within their capabilities. In this connection also the archbishop lent 
his patronage to the Xavier Braille Society, the work of which consists in pub- 
lishing books for the blind in the Braille system of raised letters. 

Unique amongst the institutions established by Archbishop Quigley is 
the St. Joseph's Home for the Friendless, founded to give refuge to any who 
need it. Here entire families were given shelter and tided over the period of 
misfortune. 

Three new hospitals were established during his administration, and 
two new homes for the aged were opened during the same period. 

Other Social Activities 

Amongst other social work must be mentioned the opening of Loyola 
University, a school of sociology, which has for its purpose the preparation 
of social workers. The first Catholic social settlements were likewise organ- 
ized during Archbishop Quigley's administration. Day nurseries under 
Catholic auspices trebled during the same time. 

The founding and growth of the Catholic Women's League Protector- 
ate was a notable work of his administration. The patrolling of railroad 
stations by Catholic women to offer protection to Catholic girls and women 
traveling unaccompanied is a memorable activity of the Protectorate which 
had the earnest co-operation of Archbishop Quigley. 

Archbishop Quigley became honorary president of the Superior Council 
of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul, and always took a deep interest in its 
work. The society under his administration made remarkable gains in 
membership, and very greatly increased its activities. It was under Arch- 
bishop Quigley that the St. Vincent de Paul Society scored such a success in 



The Archdiocese of Chicago ■ Page Seventy-seven 

the summer outing camps for poor mothers and children from the congested 
districts of Chicago. 

The Catholic Church Extension Society 

Archbishop Quigley was responsible for the establishment of the Cath- 
olic Church Extension Society of America. Upon the appeal of Reverend 
Francis Clement Kelley, since a Monsignor, the archbishop authorized .the 
launching of the movement, became bj^ appointment from Rome its first 
chancellor and gave it his full approval and support. At every juncture in 
the affairs of the society, the archbishop took necessary action to sustain the 
M^ork and to guarantee its success. 

One of the most notable instances of his co-operation with the society 
was the momentous action taken to aid the Catholic hierarchy and clergy of 
Mexico during the troublous times in the early days of the Carranza regime. 
Assuming full responsibility financially and otherwise, His Grace sent the 
president of the society to the aid of the Church in Mexico, and through the 
efforts thus expended the condition of the clergy was very much improved and 
a measure of justice obtained for the Church. By representations made on 
the authority of the archbishop to the United States government a pledge was 
obtained from the government at Washington to interfere in behalf of justice 
to the Catholics of Mexico. Under this pledge our government took up the 
question with the Mexican authorities and obtained assurances and a measure 
of redress. It is said that the archbishop had intended while in Washing- 
ton, attending the ecclesiastical conference, to visit the President and express 
his gratitude for the efforts put forth in behalf of the Church in Mexico, but 
that his illness from which his death resulted prevented the visit. The great 
Missionary Congress of 1905 was held under the approval and direction of 
Archbishop Quigley.^ 

The First Catholic Missionary Congress 

The Missionary Congress held under the auspices of the Catholic Church 
Extension Society of the United States was one of the greatest events of the 
administration of Archbishop Quigley. 

The Congress was held on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, November 
16, 17 and 18, 1908. 

This Congress brought together the most notable assemblage of church- 
men ever gathered in Illinois. The opening paragraphs of the volume pub- 
lished to record the action of the Congress will indicate its scope and mag- 
nitude : 

"In the Cathedral of the Holy Name in the city of Chicago the first step in 
the great Missionary Congress which is to mark a far reaching change in the 
policy of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States and Canada was 
taken on Sunday, Nov. 15, 1908, when Archbishop Diomede Falconio, apos- 
tolic delegate of the Pope, celebrated solemn pontifical High Mass, marked 



Page Seventy-eight Diamond Jubilee 

by the singing of the Gregorian chant, ilhistrative of Pope Pius' ideas 
as to church music. Following close upon the initial religious pageant came 
other festi\aties and ceremonies spreading out in a widening circle until in the 
evening tens and scores of thousands of men and women and hundreds of cler- 
g>Tnen of all degrees had joined in the oratory and the prayer, the deliberations 
and the hjmns of praise. 

"The greatest day in the history of the Catholic Church in Chicago, and 
perhaps in the United States, was opened by an imposing procession of a 
majority of the hierarchy of the Church in this country, bishops, mitered ab- 
bots, monsignori, archbishops, and priests, between rows of glittering drawn 
swords in the hands of distinguished laymen of the Catholic faith, and thou- 
sands of loyal sons and daughters of the Church. 

"The gorgeous pageant proceeded from the doors of the Cathedral Col- 
lege and the Holy Name parish house at the corner of Superior and Cass 
Streets, north on Cass Street to Chicago Avenue, west on Chicago Avenue to 
State Street and south on State Street to the doors of the Cathedral. 

"The sun broke through the November mists just as the 500 Knights of 
Columbus of the Fourth Degree, assembled from all parts of Illinois, In- 
diana, Wisconsin, and Michigan for the occasion, marched from the Cathedral 
College in sword and baldric to line the route of the procession. 

"As soon as they were in place the doors of the parish house opened 
and two by two in purple cassock and white surplice the choir boys marched 
out, 160 in number, and ranging in age from 7 to 17. 

"Behind them came about 300 visiting priests, also in white surplices, 
but with black cassocks, and following them the higher dignitaries of the 
Church. First came the monsignori in Roman purple, with black biretta, 
topped with purple. Following them were the mitered abbots, their vest- 
ments the same as those of the monsignori, but each garbed in the color of 
his order; Benedictines in black and Trappists in white. 

"The greatest showing in numbers was made by the bishops, fifty-one of 
the eighty-nine American bishops being in line. Each was attended by two 
chaplains, distinguished priests, delegates to the congress from all parts of 
the country. Their brilliant purple robes were set oif by the sober black and 
white of their chaplains, and it seemed but an instinctive act when the 500 m.en 
who lined the way drew their swords and Brought them to a reverential salute 
to their spiritual lords. Their robes were the same as those of the monsignori, 
but upon their breasts gleamed the insignia of their office, the pectoral cross. 
"The choir boys, with their hands prayerfully folded, were already 
marching up the great middle aisle of the Cathedral to the roll and murmur 
i)f the organ when the seven archbishops who closed the procession left the 
doors of the parish house. 

"Ahead of Archbishop Quigley," glittering in the sun and visible for 
many blocks, was carried his archiepiscopal cross, a massive crucifix of gold, 
borne by the Rev. Christian Rempe, assisted by two acolytes. The archbishop 
wore the cappa magna, a great purple cloak, the train of which was borne by 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Seventy-nine 

two boys in cassock and surplice, and a magnificent hood of white ermine. His 
deacons also were distinguished from those who had preceded by their gold 
vestments. Following the archbishop was the only layman in the procession be- 
side the acolytes, Ambrose Petry, a Knight of St. Gregory the Great, in the 
full uniform of his order, conferred upon him for his services in the cause of 
Church Extension. 

"Last in the procession and most important of all, walked the personal 
representative of the Sovereign Pontiff of the Catholic Church, Archbishop 
Falconio, apostolic delegate to the United States, attended by deacons and 
acolytes. But in spite of all the honors that have been won by the repre- 
sentative of Pope Pius X, the most noticeable thing about him was his mem- 
bership in the Franciscan order of monks. For in place of gorgeous gold 
and purple the papal legate from his biretta and the great fur hood that fell 
over his shoulders to the end of the train of his cappa magna, was clad in 
the quiet gray of the Franciscan monk. For when Friar Diomede Falconio 
took the vows of the priesthood in the Franciscan monastery in western New 
York in 1866, it meant that no matter how high he might rise in the ranks of 
the Church he could never cease to be a monk of the order nor wear vestments 
of any other color than the humble gray. 

"As the first of the bishops entered, the Cathedral choir, 100 men in the 
gallery and 100 boys before the sanctuary, burst into the opening chorus, 
"Ecce Sacerdos Magnus," "Hail to the Great Priest," by Sir Edward Elgar. 
Slowly the procession filed up the center aisle of the Cathedral between 2,000 
standing men and women. The bishops and archbishops took their places in 
the sanctuary and the other clergy occupied a space reserved for them in the 
body of the church. Another picturesque touch was added to the interesting 
scene by the presence of over 100 nuns, representing many orders, who sat in 
the north transept. 

"Archbishop Quigley and the Papal legate, who was to be the celebrant 
of the Mass, were seated in high thrones on either side of the main altar, on 
which were laid the vestments of the Mass. Archbishop Falconio was cere- 
moniously clothed in the vestments, the introit, "Salve Sancte Parens," was 
sung, and then the choir broke into a remarkable rendition of the "Kyrie 
Eleison." The impressive chorus from the "Missa de Angelis" was chanted 
alternately in the deep bass of the men in the gallery and the clear soprano 
and alto of the boys at the altar rail. 

"The Most Rev. James H. Blenk, Archbishop of New Orleans, one of the 
leading orators of the church, preached with the broad outlook of a high pre- 
late of the Church on its history and destiny in this nation." 

In the course of Archbishop Blenk's eloquent sermon His Grace said: 
"I fearlessly assert that in the grouping of the famous world events of this 
centenary year and for many a year this Missionary Congress holds the first 
place of importance and significance." 



Page Eighty Diamo'nd Jubilee 

The sessions of the Congress begun on Monday, November 16th and con- 
tinued morning and afternoon for three days, with a great mass meeting on 
Wednesday, November 18. the third day of congress. 

During the sessions numerous subjects were discussed including "The 
Foreign Missions." "Need of a Missionary College," "Church Extension," 
"Colonization." "Settlement "Work," "The Parish and the Missions," "The 
Apostolate Work of the Diocesan Missionaries," "The Holy Name Society," 
"The Opportunity of Laymen," and "Missions as a Unifier." 

At the mass meeting on Wednesday evening, which was attended by an 
immense concourse of people, the outstanding feature was an address by Hon- 
orable Bourke Cockran, which will ever stand out as a classic announcement 
from the standpoint of the Catholic layman, and ranks with the greatest dis- 
sertations upon Catholic belief and practices in connection with public affairs 
that has been preserved in print. Discussing the Papal bulls and the charge 
that the Popes interfered in government, the eloquent orator admitted freely 
that on occasions when governments sought to invade private rights or to work 
iniquities, the Popes had interfered, and speaking of early days said: "It 
is quite true that the Church in those days interfered constantly with the oper- 
ations of government. Had she failed to do so the principles on which this re- 
public stands would never have been formulated ; freedom would never have 
been born." Speaking of Papal bulls relating to popular rights, he said: "They 
are all the utterances on behalf of freedom that can be found throughout ages 
of violence, disorder, confusion, and oppression. They are monuments which 
through all the centuries mark the pathway of liberty, order and justice. 
They are the sources of the constitutional principles by which free govern- 
ment has been made an actual possesion of mankind. There is not a politi- 
cal possession which free men value that can not be traced back to the influence 
they have exerted on Christendom." 

Pressing on to the influence the Church has exerted throughout the 
world, the speaker said: "What principle of equality is embodied in our con- 
stitution that has not always been a feature of Catholic doctrine? We boast 
that all men are equal at the ballot box. For nineteen centuries she has held 
all men equal at the communion rail. We boast that any citizen born in this 
republic is eligible to its presidency. From her foundation any man competent 
to receive her sacraments has been eligible to the Papacy. The growth of 
civil liberty is but the application to political institutions of the truths which 
she had always preached. She is now, as she has ever been and as she always 
must be, the source of freedom, the bulwark of order, the champion of justice, 
the light of progress. There is not a monument of human improvement, not 
a political institution of value in the whole world that we cannot trace back to 
the gospel of which she is the infallible depository, and to the manner in 
which her ministers upheld that gospel, expounded it, vindicated it, died for 
it, when occasion arose." 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Eighty-one 

The proceedings of the Congress were closed by Archbishop Quigley and 
the meeting stands as one of the most notable in the history of the Church 
in Illinois. 

Sickness and Death. 

Archbishop Quigley was taken ill in January, 1915. He refused, how- 
ever, to yield to his ailment and even attempted to hide his illness from his phy- 
sician. It was his invariable custom which was never omitted on any occa- 
sion during his administration of the diocese, to perform the last sad rites for 
every deceased priest of his diocese. During Holy Week of 1915 His Grace 
was exceedingly ill, but nevertheless, in spite of the warning of his physician. 
Dr. T. J. Connolly, he pontificated at the service of Holy Thursday and sang 
the High Mass on Easter Sunday. He knew he was not well, but thought it 
was a mere temporary indisposition that would soon pass away. When he fin- 
ally decided that a period of rest was absolutely necessary, he left the city quiet- 
ly in May and went to Washington, D. C, where he was first seriously at- 
tacked. The illness was the result of much work and strain and as soon as the 
distinguished patient was again able, he was removed to Atlantic City for rest 
and quiet. After some time spent at Atlantic City it was planned to take the 
archbishop to his home on Chautauqua Lake. 

The journey was commenced but when the first stage was completed 
at Rochester, he was again stricken, this time by paralysis, at the home of his 
brother, where he was stopping, and the physicians were convinced there was 
little hope of recovery. On the 5th of July His Grace began to sink and grew 
weaker each day until on Friday, July 10, at 5 :20 p. m., he breathed his last. 
About him were his relatives — brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces and cousins. 
Very Rev. Edward F. Hoban and other officials of the Chicago Archdiocese 
were also present. They watched with him during the long hours of the night 
and prayed as he drew his last breath. 

The august remains were retained at the home of his brother in Roches- 
ter until Monday evening, when they were placed on board a fast train, which 
arrived at the La Salle St. station, Chicago, on Tuesday morning, at 7:30 
a. m., accompanied by a delegation of Rochester Knights of St. John, who had 
made the journey to Chicago as a special guard of honor. 

Upon the removal of the casket from the train a procession was formed 
with a detachment of police and the escort of honor leading. Behind the casket 
followed brothers and sisters of the deceased archbishop, also nephews, 
nieces and other relatives and intimate friends. The casket was borne down 
the stairs of the depot and placed in an automobile hearse, while other cars 
received the mourners and clergymen. Then started the solemn procession to 
the Cathedral of the Holy Name on State and Superior Streets, passing over 
La Salle Street to Jackson Boulevard, thence to Michigan Boulevard, thence 
north across the river and back to State, reaching the Cathedral. The pro- 
cession was a long and notable one, and when the funeral cortege reached the 



Page Eigthy-two Diamond Jubilee 

Cathedral, the long line of mourners entered and completely filled the church. 
The Cathedral had been draped in black and white for the three days of solemn 
services. A green carpet was laid before the open sanctuary gates and on 
either side stood a long line of lighted candles of unbleached wax. Here at 
the foot of the altar from which he had so often raised his hands in benediction 
over the gathered faithful, was placed the body of Archbishop Quigley. 

At the end of the day the body of the archbishop was borne to the archi- 
episcopal residence and reposed in the chapel until 9 o'clock next day, when, 
with an escort of children, estimated at from ten to fifteen thousand, the preci- 
ous remains were brought to the Cathedral to lie in state. 

All day Wednesday, following the Requiem Mass in the morning, at- 
tended by five thousand children of the diocese, the body of the archbishop lay 
in state at the Cathedral, watched over constantly by a guard of laymen, and 
all day long Catholics came to pay a last personal tribute to the beloved dead. 

Solemn Obsequies 

On Thursday, July 15, the funeral services were held. The hour set 
for the Pontifical Mass was 10:30. The first to enter the Cathedral were the 
honorary pall-bearers, then men of distinction throughout the state, including 
the governor, who marched slowly down the aisle and occupied seats reserved 
for them. Then followed the clergy of the diocese in cassock and surplice, who 
were likewise seated in the body of the Cathedral. Monsignori were next, 
then bishops, then archbishops, then Most Rev. John Bonzano, D. D., apostolic 
delegate with the officers of the Mass and finally His Eminence, Cardinal Gib- 
bons. 

Never was a more impressive scene witnessed than that in the Cath- 
edral with Cardinal Gibbons and the apostolic delegate present and ten arch- 
bishops and thirty bishops adding to the solemnity. In addition, not a corner 
of the vast building could have held another occupant. 

The church services presented a wonderful spectacle. The vivid robes 
of the prelates accentuated the solemnity. On a throne on the gospel side, 
next to the archbishop's throne, which was draped in purple and black, sat 
His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons, his crimson vestments giving a trumpet tone 
to the setting. The cardinal sat like a statue, his face immobile, save for the 
movement of his lips as he followed the service. Opposite him on the epistle 
side was a throne for his excellency Archbishop Bonzano, who sang the solemn 
Pontifical Requiem Mass. 

In the front rows in the sanctury were archbishops and bishops in full 
episcopal vestments. Purple was the dominant note of their robes, but it was a 
purple that ranged in shades from violet to others of various depths. 

The officers of the Mass were His Excellency, Most Rev. John Bonzano, 
D. D., apostolic delegate, celebrant; Very Rev. M. J. Fitzsimons, administra- 
tor, arch-priest; Rev. John Masseth, (nephew of Archbishop Quigley) deacon; 
Rev. Raymond Quigley (nephew of Archbishop Quigley) sub-deacon, and Rev. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Eighty-three 

Daniel Quigley and Rev. R. Quigley (cousins of Archbishop Quigley) deacons 
of honor; Rev. D. J. Dunne, D. D. and Rev. E. F. Hoban, D. D., masters of cere- 
monies. 

The dim light that filtered in through the stained glass windows was 
contrasted by lighted candles held by 1,000 surpliced priests in sanctuary and 
nave. Sound and color seemed to merge. The music was of a part with the 
black and white of the clergy, the purple and violet of the prelates and the 
red of the cardinal's robes. Through the cathedral arches thundered the voices 
of men singing magnificently in unison, the solemn Gregorian chant rising 
and falling like the beating of the sea. Then the bell-like voice of the aposto- 
lic delegate singing the Requiem Mass. 

Outside the church stood thousands. Sometimes the swelling music 
streamed through the windows, and those outside, recognizing the place in the 
service, bowed their heads. The entire square surrounding the block occu- 
pied by the Cathedral and other church buildings was blocked to traffic from 
early in the morning until after the funeral cortege had departed. 

After the Mass Archbishop Hanna preached an eloquent sermon on the 
life and works of Archbishop Quigley, portraying with exactness the life of 
the dead prelate. 

The last absolution was given by the apostolic delegate and the four 
suffragan bishops of the province of Illinois : Rt. Rev. James Ryan of Alton ; 
Rt. Rev. P. J. Muldoon of Rockford; Rt. Rev. Edmund M. Dunne of Peoria 
and Rt. Rev. Henry Althoff of Belleville. 

The religious services concluded, the remains of the archbishop were 
borne from the Cathedral by the honorary pall-bearers and placed in the 
hearse. The pall-bearers were : 

Rev. F. A. Purcell, rector of the Cathedral college. 

Rev. J. M. Doran, superintendent of St. Mary's Training school at Des- 
plaines. 

Rev. C. J. Quille, superintendent of Working Boys' home. 

Rev. August Mueller, private secretary to the late archbishop. 

Rev. Joseph Chvatal, superintendent of the Lisle Manual Training 
School. 

Rev. F. S. Rusch, superintendent of the Polish orphanage and the indus- 
trial and training schools of Niles. 

Rev. George Eisenbacher, superintendent of the Guardian Angels' 
Orphan Asylum. 

Rev. F. M. O'Brien, assistant at }ioly.Name Cathedral. 

Rev. D. L. McDonald, assistant at Holy Name Cathedral. 

Rev. Joseph E. Phelan, assistant at Holy Name Cathedral. 

Members of the family occupied the personal mourner's seats in the 
Cathedral and later accompanied the earthly remains of their distinguished 
kin to their last resting place in the mausoleum at the Mount Carmel Ceme- 
tery. Among them were : 



Page Eighty-four Diamond Jubilee 

Thomas L. Quigley of Buffalo, a brother, with his wife and son, John 
Quigley ; Joseph M. Quigley of Rochester, a brother, with his wife and daugh- 
ter. Sister Anna de Paul of the Nazareth Normal School of Rochester, and his 
three sons. Rev. Raymond Quigley of Corning, N. Y. ; Harold Quigley of Ann 
Arbor. Mich., and Gerald Quigley of Rochester. 

Mrs. Margaret Norman of Rochester, a sister, with her daughter. Miss 
Josephine Norman. 

Sister Vincent de Paul of the Gray Nuns' convent of Ogdensburg, N. Y., 
a sister. 

Rev. John Masseth, Miss Lillian Masseth and Mrs. Michael Mclnerney, 
all of Rochester, the children of the late Mrs. M. Masseth, another sister of 
the archbishop. Michael Mclnerney, husband of the niece ; Rev. Daniel Quig- 
ley of Seneca Falls, N. Y., a cousin, and Rev. John R. Quigley of Elgin, 111., a 
cousin, constituted the rest of the family in the funeral cortege. 

Miss Adelaide McCormick, head of the household of the prelate ; his pri- 
vate secretary, Rev. August Mueller; Rev. C. J. Quille, superintendent of the 
Working Boys' Home, who had been with the family ever since they brought 
the body here from Rochester, were also in the personal mourners' group. 

The police escort of honor led the way from the Cathedral at 12:30 
o'clock, proceeding via Rush Street to Jackson Boulevard and South Halsted 
street, where the police squad left the cortege, eight motorcycle men continu- 
ing. From Halsted Street and Jackson Boulevard the procession moved west 
to Garfield Park, and then north to Washington Boulevard, and west to North 
Leamington Avenue, and south to Madison Street, and west to Mount Carm el 
Cemetery. 

All along the line of march police captains were in direct charge of their 
districts. Capt. O'Toole, Capt. Morgan Collins of Central Station, Capt. 
Thomas F. Meagher of Dssplaines Street Station, Capt. Thomas Costello of 
Warren Avenue Station, and Capt. James Gleason of West Lake Street Sta- 
tion, were in charge. Deputy Superintendent of Police Schuettler sent 200 
detectives among the crowds at the Cathedral and along the way of the pro- 
cession. 

Judges Burke, McDonald, O'Connor and McKinley of the Superior Court 
adjourned to attend the funeral. Adjournments were also taken by Judges 
McGoorty, Walker and Honore of the Circuit Court. 

The remains were taken to Mount Carmel Cemetery and laid in the 
magnificent mausoleum which the archbishop had erected for the bishops of 
Chicago, wherein the remains of the lamented Bishop Quarter and Archbishop 
Feehan had already been laid. The body was blessed by Archbisop Bonzano 
and then borne up into the mausoleum. There it was placed in its crypt and 
the impressive services of three days ended when the great bronze doors of the 
tomb of Chicago's bishops were silently closed. 

Archbi.shop Quigley governed the Church in Chicago for twelve years. 
At the end of his career, one who appreciated him fully, said: "The Diocese 
of Chicago will remember Archbishop Quigley as the ruler who knew how to 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Eighty-five 

be silent with his tongue and how to speak in his deeds; as the peacemaker 
whose short reign was one long treaty and a pledge of its permanence; as 
a gentleman plus the sanctity of an all-enveloping priesthood ; as a builder 
whose thought was never of human glory or show, but always of God's glory 
and souls. He reared no 'frozen music' in the air, but three thousand waifs 
and orphans are weeping over their father's going from them ; over one hun- 
dred thousand children in the schools he fostered are praying for him ; six 
hundred priests give him their tribute of affectionate silence." 

The columns of tin' prrss of Chicaiio iiiul of Itoiiu-.sti'i- itint Hulfalo. .\rir York, for datn.s 
rorrf'.si)on(lin(j to thr ;jr(w/pn/ events of Arrhhi.slioi) Qiiii/lfn's cureer, are re^dete with informn- 
tion eonrerninu hini. The \EW WORLD. VHVRCH EXTESSIOS MACA'/JSE nnd THE COIAM- 
Ht.\.\ of contemporary dates, as irell as the secular papers and the archiees of the Diocese, have 
liern drawn upon for the narratire found in the text. 



X 




Rt Rev. Paul R RKodc D. D 

Former Auxiliary Bishop of CKica^o 

1906- 1915 

Now DisKop of GrQQ[\ Day 





The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Eighty-seven 

XII. ^h^\)t ^cwwnHf aul ^.|llro^c,P J. 

Sisljap of (Srpptt Sag 

iT. REV. PAUL P. RHODE, D. D., Bishop of Green Bay, the first 
■and the only Polish bishop of the United States, was born in Wej- 
herowo, Poland, September 16, 1870. His father died when he 
was a child. 

In 1879 he came to this country with his mother, and at- 
tended St. Stanislaus parochial school in Chicago. Later he 
studied at St. Mary's College, St. Mary's, and at St. Ignatius College, Chi- 
cago. He studied philosophy and theology at St. Francis, and was ordained 
priest June 16, 1894, by the Most Rev. Frederick Xavier Katzer, Archbishop 
of Milwaukee. The first two years of his priesthood he spent as assistant in 
St. Adalbert's parish, Chicago. In 1897 the late Archbishop Michael Augus- 
tine Feehan appointed him pastor of SS. Peter and Paul parish, which was 
then being organized, where he labored for two years and built a church. 

He next was appointed pastor of St. Michael's in Chicago, where he 
labored until 1915, when he was placed in charge of the Diocese of Green Bay. 
Under his leadership St. Michael's parish grew and prospered. A beautiful 
Gothic church which he built is his monument. He showed rare ability and 
energy, and possessed great capacity for work. His parishioners as well as 
all those who came in contact with him loved and admired him. 

In the year 1908 he was appointed auxiliary bishop to the late Arch- 
bishop James Edward Quigley of Chicago, and was consecrated on the 29th 
day of July. The day of Bishop Rhode's consecration will never be forgotten 
by the Poles of this country. It was a day of universal rejoicing, not alone 
for the 300,000 Poles in Chicago, but for the 3,500,000 Poles in the United 
States. It was a day long hoped for, and the Poles made it a national holi- 
day. There came delegations of Poles from nearly all the states and the prin- 
cipal cities of the United States to do honor to their first bishop consecrated 
in this country. 

The act of consecration was performed by the late Archbishop Quigley 
of Chicago, in the Holy Name Cathedral, in the presence of the following arch- 
bishops and bishops: Most Rev. Archbishop Sebastian Gebhard Messmer of 
Milwaukee; Archbishop John Ireland of St. Paul; Rt. Rev. John Lancaster 
Spaulding of Peoria; Rt. Rev. J. J. Fox of Green Bay; Rt. Rev. J. Schwebach 
of La Crosse ; Rt. Rev. F. Eis of Marquette ; Rt. Rev. Herman Joseph Aller- 
ding of Fort Wayne ; Rt. Rev. Joseph B. Cotter of Winona ; Rt. Rev. John S. 
Janssen of Belleville; Rt. Rev. James Ryan of Alton; Rt. Rev. J. F. Regis 
Canevin of Pittsburg ; Rt. Rev. Thomas F. Lillis of Leavenworth; Rt. Rev. 
Maurice F. Burke of St. Joseph ; Rt. Rev. Alexander J. McGavick, Auxiliary 



Page Eighty-eight - Diamond Jubilee 

Bishop of Chicago; Rt. Rev. Peter J. O'Reilly, Auxiliary Bishop of Peoria 
There were over 800 priests present at the ceremony. 

In the evening there was a mammoth parade, in which 30,000 people 
marched. The festivities ended with a banquet in St. Stanislaus' auditorium 
R- >, pI"'! ^^^''''^" r^'*' °^ ^'^ ^^^°'' ^' Auxiliary Bishop of Chicago 
Bishop Rhode endeared himself to all, irrespective of nationality or creed 
He was raised to the episcopacy by Pope Pius X, and appointed to the See of 
Green Bay by Pope Benedict XV. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Eighty-nine 

XIII. 

itost Jlcii. (gennie William iinnbclcin, p.p. 

QHjtrb Arrbbisljop of (Eljirago 




PROMISE OF THE NEW REIGN 

.EORGE WILLIAM MUNDELEIN was born in New York 
'City, July 2, 1872. His was one of the old American families, 
his maternal grandfather having fallen as a Union soldier in 
the Civil War. Archbishop Mundelein attended the parochial 
school 01 Saint Nicholas parish. New York City. From there 
he passed to the old De La Salle ; afterwards to Manhattan Col- 
lege, thence to Saint Vincent's, from which seminary he was sent to the Pro- 
paganda College in Rome to complete his studies. 

Returning to Brooklyn a young priest, he was immediately appointed as- 
sistant secretary to Right Reverend Charles E. McDonnell, Bishop of the Dio- 
cese of Brooklyn, and was soon thereafter appointed chancellor of the diocese. 

In 1906, Pope Pius X made him a domestic prelate, which confers the 
titles of Right Reverend and Monsignor. Soon after, in 1907, he was se- 
lected as a member of the Ancient Academy of Arcadi, being the only man in 
the United States that ever enjoyed that honor. The academy is a literary 
society of the Church, of which Right Reverend Msgr. Augustine Bartolini 
of Rome is Guardian and Chief Shepherd. 

In 1909 the honorary title of Bishop of Lorima was conferred upon him, 
and in the same year he was made Auxiliary Bishop of Brooklyn to officiate 
with Bishop McDonnell. 

It has been noticeable during the career of Archbishop Mundelein that 
he has apparently always kept in advance of his age. He was the youngest 
man to whom Manhattan College ever had granted a degree when he gradu- 
ated from that institution. When given the title of bishop he was the young- 
est man who ever held that office in his Church in this country. When ele- 
vated to the Archiepiscopal See of Chicago, he was the youngest man ever 
entrusted with a diocese of such importance as Chicago. 

The Propaganda Fide conferred upon Archbishop Mundelein the title of 
Doctor of Sacred Theology, and he is not only a writer of merit and distinc- 
tion, but a noted linguist. 

Upon the death of Most Reverend Archbishop Quigley of Chicago, one 
of the most important sees in the world became vacant. The time which was 
permitted to elapse before an appointment was made indicates the gravity with 
which the question of a successor to the late archbishop was weighed. As has 




Most Rgv. George W Murxdekia DD 

Prescat ArcKbisKop of CKica^o 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Ninety-one 

been seen Archbishop Quigley died on July 10, 1915, and it was not until De- 
cember 9, 1915, that his successor, in the person of Most Reverend George 
William Mundelein, was appointed. 

The Holy Father of course had excellent reasons for the appointment, 
some of which may have been those given in the World Magazine shortly after 
the selection was made. In a leading article the editor of that periodical said : 
"Pope Benedict the XV knows, as Pope Pius X knew, and as Chicago will 
soon know, that Msgr. Mundelein is : 

"An American by birth and education, as were his parents before him, 
and the grandson of a naturalized citizen, who gave his life for the Union; 

"A gentleman in the strictest sense of the word; 

"A profound scholar, deeply read in the literature of many lands, and 
able to converse fluently in at least five languages; 

"An artist to his finger-tips with an unerring taste and a profound love 
for the beautiful ; 

"A trained diplomat; a stirring orator and a persuasive talker; 

"An able financier and a keen man of business; 

"A militant prelate, who never seeks a fight, but who never evades one, 
and who has never yet lost one. 

"He is only forty-three years of age — the youngest archbishop in Amer- 
ica, if not in the world, as he was, for years, the youngest bishop, and he is full 
of energy and the enthusiasm of youth." 

Farewells and Greetings. 

With the announcement of Bishop Mundelein's selection for the Arch- 
diocese of Chicago, began congratulations, receptions, and farewell tributes 
throughout the diocese in which he had greatly endeared himself to priests and 
people. Indeed, the interval between the announcement and his departure 
from Brooklyn was one long leave-taking in which there was both universal 
joy and sorrow — joy that the prelate had attained a new and richly deserved 
honor, and sorrow that he was to be removed from amongst them. 

The Pallium and the Bulls announcing the appointment of Right Rev- 
erend George William Mundelein, D. D., as Archbishop of Chicago arrived in 
New York on January 25, 1916, and were delivered to him at one o'clock on 
the 27th. The date for the installation was fixed for February 9, and ar- 
rangements were made for an escort to accompany the archbishop-elect from 
Brooklyn to Chicago. 

While the Brooklyn priests and people were saying farewell and arrang- 
ing for the bishop's departure, the Chicago clergy and laity were not idle. 
Plans were completed for a delegation to go to Brooklyn for the purpose of 
accompanying the newly appointed archbishop to his new see as well as for the 
installation ceremonies when he arrived. 

On Februray 3, 1916, the following clergymen left Chicago for Brook- 
lyn to accompany the archbishop on his journey: Rt. Rev. Bishop A. J. Mc- 



Page Ninty-t ICO Diamond Jubilee 

Gavick; Rt. Rev. Msgr. M. J. Fitzsimmons ; Rt. Rev. Msgr. A. J. Thiel; Revs. 
J. J. Jennings; F. Bobal; W. Netstraeter ; D. J. Riordan; E. A. Kelly; J. A. 
Charlebois, C. S. V.; M. C. Gilmartin; E. S. Keough; T. Shannon; F. A. Pur- 
cell ; J. V. LaMarre ; J. M. Lange ; J. Kestl ; D. D. Hishen ; J. P. O'Mahoney, 
C. S. V. ; M. Klein, C. SS. R. ; F. A. Rempe ; F. M. Wojtalewicz ; J. B. Furay, 
S. J.; J.F. Greene, 0. S. A.; P. T. Gelinas; P. L. Bierman; J. Carroll; F. X. 
McCabe, C. M.; M. Krawczimas; M. Kruszas; T. F. O'Gara; A. Mueller; A. L. 
Bergeron ; J. J. Flaherty ; P. J. McDonnell ; S. Ivicic ; P. Chenuil, C. S. C. B. ; 
J. Zwierzchowski ; F. B. Serafinas; P. Giangrandi, 0. S. M.; S. Cholewinski; 
V. Kohlbeck, 0. S. B. ; F. X. Grzes ; P. W. Dunne ; W. J. McNamee ; H. P. 
Smj-th; M. O'Sullivan; J. Dettmer; S. Nawrocki; E. J. Fox; F. G. Ostrowski; 
P. J. Tinan; H. Doswald, 0. C. C.; George Eisenbacher; C. Sztuczko, C. S. C; 
P. Condon; J. M. Doran;C. J. Quille;R. Rusch; L. J. Zapala, C. R.; Thomas 
Burke, C. S. P. ; H. S. Spaulding, S. J. ; H. Keuster, 0. F. M. ; S. Siatka, C. R. 

Arriving in Brooklyn they were greeted by the archbishop-elect at his 
residence. At the head of the vif,iting priests was Rt. Rev. Msgr. M. J. Fitz- 
simmons, rector of Holy Name Cathedral, administrator of the diocese since 
the death of Archbishop Quigley. An exchange of cordial greetings followed. 
On February 7. a special train, carrying the archbishop-elect and about one 
hundred and fifty Chicago and Brooklyn priests and more than fifty laymen, 
left the New York Central depot at three o'clock as a second section of the 
Twentieth Century Limited, and arrived in Chicago at three P. M., the next 
day. At Laporte, Ind., the special train was met by a delegation of laymen 
from Chicago, numbering some six hundred in all. One of the Chicago dailies 
thus states the composition of this delegation : 

"Roger C. Sullivan brought a group of 150 young men, friends of his 
son, Boetius Sullivan, to help swell the delegation. These young men were 
graduates of noted schools and members of the different societies affiliated 
with the church. 

"The next largest group was the committee of one hundred prominent 
laymen appointed by the consultors of the archdiocese, to act as a part of the 
big welcoming delegation. There was an official delegation of fifty, repre- 
senting the Catholic Order of Foresters, a group of sixty-five named by the 
fourth degree, Knights of Columbus ; a group of fifty representing the alumni 
of St. Patrick's school ; three from each of the many councils of the Knights 
of Columbus in the diocese; a group of seventy-one representing the federa- 
tion of German Catholic Societies, and members of the alumni associations 
of St. Patrick's Commercial Academy and De La Salle Institute, headed by 
Brother Francis, director of the former school. The archbishop is a graduate 
of the Brothers' School in Manhattan, and was pleased with the presence of the 
brothers of Chicago and their boys. 

Five representatives from each of the 230 parishes in Chicago had been 
invited, and most of the parishes were represented. Dr. John B. Murphy 
headed a delegation of doctors. The city of Joliet.was represented by a group 
of fifteen, and the Polish Catholic Union added fifty more. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Ninety-three 

"Amongst those who joined the delegation just before the train left 
Chicago were Robert M. Sweitzer, Monsignor S. A. Vattman, major and 
chaplain in the United States Army; Judge Richard E. Burke, John W. 
Rainey, Alderman Patrick Carr, the Rev. John B. Deville, John I. Tyrrell, 
Arthur O'Brien and Judges Jarecki and Dolan. 

"The party representing Governor Dunne was made up of Colonel S. M. 
R. Kelly, member of the governor's staff; John H. Lawler, William Norton 
and Edward H. Roche." 

The welcoming party was carried from Chicago to Laporte, Indiana, on 
a special train, where the archbishop-elect's train was held for the initial re- 
ception. 

The reception began on board the west-bound train where the heads of 
divisions were welcomed by the new archbishop-elect and by Msgr. John Bon- 
zano, the papal delegate. The brief speeches of welcome by Chicago men 
were followed by replies on the part of the arriving guest and Mgr. Bonzano. 
after which general greetings were indulged in for nearly an hour. The im- 
mense quantities of flowers carried by the Chicago visitors decked the interior 
of Bishop Mundelein's train. 

After the short run from Laporte to Chicago and upon landing at the 
station, a procession was formed which took up a line of march on Jackson 
Boulevard to Michigan Avenue, thence on Michigan over the Rush Street 
bridge to Ohio, east on Ohio to Lincoln Park Boulevard, north to North Ave- 
nue, and west to the archiepiscopal residence on North Avenue and North 
State Street. 

Mr. Daniel McCann was grand marshal of the parade, which was 
thought to be the largest procession in the streets of Chicago since the 
funeral of the late Archbishop Most Rev. James Edward Quigley. 

First in line, as arranged before the start, were five hundred automo- 
biles, filled with Chicago laymen, these being immediately followed by twenty 
cars loaded with New York laymen, escorting the distinguished prelate to the 
door of his new residence. Then came nearly one thousand priests of the 
archdiocese, these being followed by a large number of New York clergy, 
monsignori, abbots, seven archbishops, four cars occupied by bishops, and 
lastly the papal delegate, Mgr. John Bonzano, and the archbishop-elect. 

The Reception Committee. 

For the purpose of fittingly receiving the new archbishop the entire 
body of the clergy of Chicago constituted a reception committee, and a large 
number of laymen were selected to form a laymen's reception committee. 
The names of the laymen accorded that honor were : 

Frank W. Anglin James T. Bristol M. A. Brust Bernard P. Barasa 

W. A Amberg Francis B. Brady John F. Bottom Albert A. Burger 

J. W. Amberg Louis J. Behan John Brisch Peter Barth 

Harrv J. Baby Richard E. Burke Michael J Browne Irving P. Brady 



Louis C. Brosseau 



P. F. Birong Charles G. Branch James Burke 



Page Ninety-four 



Diamond Jubilee 



J. K. Eorrman 
M. X. Blumenthal 
■V/ii'iam J. Br>-ar, Jr. 
B J. Burns 
F. X. Brandecker 
William N. Brown 
Joseph P. Birren 
Tnwis H. Bradley 
Patrick J. Brosnan 
Thomas J. Byrne 
Michael Brennan 
Edward F. Boyle 
James R. Bremner 
Patrick Brennan 
John A. Benedict 
Joseph Bidwell 
George E. Brennan 
Joseph R. Bohnen 
Charles ¥. Brown 
John Boldbohn 
Joseph Benzing 
Fred W. Blocki 
John S. Colnon 
AN'-Miam H. Cardan 
O. V. Cleary 
ilichard Curran 
Kev. F. Cichotzki 
Kev. F. Caraher 
\ViIIiam J. Connery 
^.o^eph F. Connery 
Jchn J. Corbett 
Thomas F. Cassin 
John C. Clair 
r. R. Chapman 
J. C. Cremer 
Francis Corby 
I'rancis E. Cook 
I-. J. Cox 
Pa trick J. Carr 
P. J. Carey 
J. .'. Clifford 
Kdword T. Clay 

John J. Cahill 
Thomas B. Conroy 

C. L. Chambers 

Bernard J. Coens 

John C. Cannon 

James V. Cornwall 

E. A- Cherry 

Francis D. Connery 

William Corbett 

T. B. Cremin 

Ambrose Cashin 

John R. Caverly 

James P. Connery 

Dr. I^o P. Cummings 

Henry Connery 

Michael Colbert 

J. W. Cremin 

J. F. Cremin 

John C. Clair 

George J. Cooke 

John r. Donahue 

Kiank P. Dudenhoeffer 

James Donahoe 

Artnur Donoghue 

if. W. Diffley 

OuHUiv Doemling 

Michael W. Delaney 

A. J. Dooley 

George Donnesberger 

Frank P. Dndenhoeler 

W. J. Devlne 

Nlcholax P. Dalelden 

L.«o J. Doyle 

M A. Devlne 

William J. Doherty 

Thomax K. Donn<rlly 

Harry P. Dolan 

Joseph P. Donahoe 



I. F. Dankowski 

J. E. Dwyer 

G. J. Dumphy 

Henry Duggan 

John F. Driscoll 

John F. Deffendorflfer 

Joseph D. Daley 

John Dowdle 

Thomas Dowdle 

W. H. Durkin 

Thomas J. Dawson 

B. G. Elser 

Leopohl Ehowski 

W. J. Evan 

Michael E, Enright 

Charles J. Engeman 

Charles Ffrench 

James Furlong 

B. J. Fallon 

W. J. Farrell 

W. O. Flaherty 

Nicholas V. Fisher 

Dan E. Fitzgerald 

Joseph R. Fahy 

W. F. Fitzgerald 

W. J. Ford 

Thomas M. Filas 

W. L. Fue 

Rev. William J. Finn 

Hon. P. B. Flanagan 

Richard C. Gannon 

M. J. Griffin 

Mark E. Guerin 

Victor R. Grandpre 

T. F. Geraghty 

G. J. Gaul 

Joseph F. Gill 

Stephen B. Griffin 

James J. Guinan 

Edward T. Glennon 

George P. Gilman 

Daniel V. Gallery 

John Gallery 

George D. J. Griffin, ai. D. 

H. J. Gaul 

M. J. Gebhardt 

Leopold Glorvienk 
William F. Gublina 

Barney Gvein 

Richard C. Gannon 
John J. Gaynor 
L. F. Happel 
Rev. Leo M. Hartke 
F. L. Hume 
Peter L. Hoffman 
Peter W. Hayes 
Edward A. Hoyle 
John D. Hurley 
.Jacob H. Hopkins 
Edward Hughe* 
Henry F. Haye« 
Frank Hajicek 
Peter Haster 
Le Roy Hackett 
Frank L. Harding 
J. Hor.sch 
Hugo H. Hertel 
Joseph A. Helmuth 
Edward Houlihan 
Michael J. Hogan 
John I'. HopklnH 
John R lloran 
Claire Hartlgan 
J. S. Hyland 
Matthew E. Hill 
J. AloyHiuH Heer 
J. F, Hurley 
JoHoph J. Janda 
Joseph W. Jostes 
D M. Joslyn 



AI. F. Jedlicka, Jr. 
Hon. Edward Jarecki 
James F. Kennedy 
William A. Keneflck 
T. Anthony Krauser. M. 
A. J. Kasper 
Edward Kirchberg 
Peter J. Keating 
Edward E. Koerner 
William B. Keefe 
Edward Kelley 
E. F. Keeler 
D. F. Kelly 
Joseph Kopecky 
.A.. J. Kowalski, Jr. 
Thomas J. Kelley 
John S. Konopa 
Stephen F. Kolanowsk 
Thomas P. Kerrigan 
Martin W. Kelley 
Harold H. Kenricks 
Stephen M. Kanuziiy 
H. W. Koedle 
Paul H. Koestner 
Nicholas J. Kuetsch 
D. P. Kinsella 
M. J. Kelley 
J. Killen 

Hon. Hugh J. Kearne 
T. J. Kelly 
W. S. Kelly 
N. A. Kirschten 
M. R. Kelly 
Stanley J. Kuflewski 
William J. Kinsella 
A. N. Kissare 
Otto Kahelager 
James J. Kelly 
Thomas C. Kane 
Rev. J. L. Kearns 
J. H. La Velle 
Charles E. Lord 
William L. Loeffel 
F. W. C. Lorenz 
Frank A. Listen 
John P. Lauth 
.John Link 
Joseph L. Lisack 
John W. I/aney 
Joseph S. La Buy 
John H. Lawlor 
Edward Le Tourneau 
Daniel McCann 
Thomas F. McDonald 
.lohn B. Mclnerne.v 
Thomas J. McMahon 
John J. McCormick 
John A. McCormick 
John P. McGoorty 
M. L. McKinley 
John W. McCarthy 
Frank W. McCarthy 
Dr. J. J. McCarthy 
T. J. McNulty 
James P. McCann 
T. F. Mclntyre 
M. McKennelly 
Thom.a.s McCarthy 
James S. Mclnerney 
A. A. McKurley 
Gworge V. Mclntyre 
Rev. Jas. E. McGavlck 
John McGlllen 
John T, McManus 
Jam(;n McNichol.s 
Justin F. McCarthy 
Dr. J. J. McLaughlin 
Joseph McCarthy 
Thomas F. McGrath 
Phillip McGuIre 



John XlcVoy 

John E. Ma honey 

E, L. Mason 

William F. Martin 
D. Timothy F. Mullen 

George Mishel 

Anthony Matre 

Dr. John B. Murphy 

William Meehan 

John A. Muldoon 

George Mitchell 

Timothy Morris 

M. S. Madden 

M. P. Maloney 

Peter Michels 

A. G. Mitchell 

T. P. Murphy 
i P. J. Mulcahy 

W. T. Moran 

C. H. Magee 

A. Magee 

D. J. MuUaney 
Maurice J. Murphy 

B. J. Mullaney 
Frank X. Mudd 
John C. Morris 
J. C. Morrison 
J. P. Murphy 
Charles J. Murphy 
Daniel Murphy 
Rev. S. J. Morrison 
Walter J. Newman 
Richard Nash 

T. A. Nash 

E. P. Nerney 

F. X. Nichols 
William N. Norton 
H. O'Hara 

M. J OMalley 
John F. O'Malley 

D. J. O'Connor 
John O'Donnell 
Frances B. OGallagher 
William J. a'Neill 
Arthur P. O'Brien 

P. W. O'Brien 
Hugh O'Neil 
John Powell 
Harry J. Powers 
M. Posumann 
Napoleon Pickard 
John J. Phelan 
William H. Powell 
Anton Patrick 
Aid. C. G. Pettkoske 
Dr. F. J. Pokorney 
Thomas M. Pelletier 
Anton C. Pregler 
John J. Poulton 
John P. Ready 
John E. Rigali 
Leo V. Roeder 
Mathew Rauen 
W. M. Ryan 
Frank S. Ryan 
Dr. Edward N. Iteddin 
William H. Rose 
William F. Ryan 
P. J. Reynolds 

E. P. Rostler 
Frank J. Ruh 
C. J. Roth 

N. J. Rauen 

Edmond H. Roche 

W. J. Ryan 

K. i:ick(^r 

Henry Rehm 

Kev. Edward Rlcclardelll 

Dr. J. P. Smyth 

Jesse Spalding 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page Ninty-five 



Thomas F. Scully 
John F. Smulskl 
James B. Shell 
Francis E. Simmons 
D. E. Shanahan 
James M. Slattery 
Frank J. Schaub 
Joseph C. Smith 
Hon. D. W. Sullivan 
Adolph H. Schmitz 
William N. Sheahan 
Nicholas J. Schmitz 
Joseph H. Showalter 
Thomas J. Stapleton 
Anthon Schwind 
Roger C. Sullivan 
J. A. Shannon 
Denis E. Sullivan 



E. J. Sackley 

Emil Straus 

N. H. Seiwert 

H. Ebert Shaeuser 

Rev. F. C. Scieszkii 

Wesley Smith 

James G. Sullivan 

James F. Scully 

Dr. J. F. Sweeney 

Bernard F. Sieben 

John Stach 

John Stand 

S. Schroeder 

M. J. Seifert, M. D. 

George N. Steinmiller 

William B. Silben 

Peter A. Schmitt 

John Smorowski 



Fabian Stindle 
Hon. Kickham Scanlun 
M. E. Scully 
Edward Sinnott 
Frank J. Sedlak 
Fridolem Schwarz 
Charles A. Sceleth 
Boetius H Sullivan 
R. M. Sweitzer 
Ferdinand J. Trahn 
J. F. Triska 
John P. Terrie 
John F. Tyrell 
Anthon Thonnes 
Jeremiah Tierney 
Rev. J. B. de Villa 
Msgr. E. J. Vattman, 
U. S. A. 



J Louis Vett, M. D. 
Frank J. Vonesh 
T. J. West 
Rev. N. P. Weidner 
Rev. John N. Weller 
I'^rank Walsh 
Robert N. Wolf 
Leo J. Winiecki 
John Wends 
Emil Weidermann 
John Wendt 
Michael Walsdorf 
James M. Whalen 
George E. Warren 
Morton Wallner 
Frank Weis 
Dr. T. Z. Xelowski 
William J. Zimmerman 



The archbishop elect spent the night of February 8 at the archiepisco- 
pal residence resting and preparing for the great ceremony to take place on 
the morrow. 

Installation Ceremonies. 

About nine o'clock on the morning of the 9th of February, the members 
of the retinue of clergy and laymen appointed to act as escort of honor began 
to gather at the episcopal residence and about 9:30 o'clock the procession 
of automobiles with the archbishop-elect at its head was under way. 

The long procession moved to the chancellery at Superior and Cass 
Streets. There the clergymen left their cars and the ecclesiastical part of the 
ceremony, the procession on foot to the Cathedral, a block away, began. 

-The streets about the Cathedral block were filled with people. Admis- 
sion to the Cathedral was by ticket and the fortunate holders of passes were 
already in the church. 

At the door of the Cathedral the archbishop-elect was met by the Right 
Reverend Msgr. Michael J. Fitzsimmons, the administrator of the diocese, 
and Reverend Dennis J. Dunne, master of ceremonies. His first act was to 
kiss the cross. He put incense in the censer, touched his hand to the holy 
water and crossed himself and was sprinkled with holy water and incensed 
by the master of ceremonies. Then the choir began the song, "Ecce Sacer- 
dos," and the archbishop, accompanied by Monsignor Fitzsimmons and Dr. 
Dunne, entered the Cathedral. 

When they entered the sanctuary the archbishop knelt before the altar 
and the other officers of the Mass and took their places. While the arch- 
bishop was kneeling Monsignor Fitzsimmons read the "Protector" and at its 
conclusion the archbishop ascended the steps, kissed the altar, sang the ora- 
tion of the saints, gave the blessing and ascended the throne. 

The proclamations, termed "bulls," were read by Rev. Dr. Hoban: 

"Benedict, Bishop and Servant of the servants of God, to his dear chil- 
dren, both clergy a)id laity of the Metropolitan See of Chicago, health and 
Apostolic Benediction. 



Page Ninety-six Diamond Jubilee 

"To-day in the plentitude of Apostolic Power, freeing our venerable 
brother, George William Mundelein, until now titular Bishop of Loryma, 
from the bond which bound him to the Titular See of Loryma, with the ad- 
vice of our venerable brothers the cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, and 
with Apostolic Authority, we have chosen and appointed him Archbishop and 
Pastor of your Metropolitan Church of Chicago, at present deprived of the 
consolation of a pastor. 

"WTierefore, we oblige you all, and we exhort you that Sincerely re- 
ceiving George William Mundelein Archbishop-Elect, as father and pastor of 
your souls, and rendering him all due honor, you will give perfect obedience 
to his wholesome advice and commands, so that he will rejoice to find in you 
devoted children, you in him a loving father. It is our wish, and we command 
that under the care and devotion of the one who until now administered your 
archdiocese these letters be publicly read from the pulpit on the first feast 
day solemnly celebrated by the faithful. 

Given at Rome, Saint Peter's, year of Our Lord 1915 — 
9th day of September, second year of our Pontificate. 

OCTAVIUS CARDINAL GAGIANO, 

Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church. 

RAPHAEL VINIRI, 
JULIUS CAMPERI, Protonotary Apostolic. 

Protonotary Apostolic." 

After the reading of the bull the new archbishop was greeted by the 
address of the laymen. Mr. John A. Lynch had been deputed by the laymen 
for this purpose and delivered the following address. 

"Your Grace : 

"The church of Christ, in its splendid impressive and awe-inspiring investiture of 
the pallium upon you, tiie chosen one, today, pives to this jjreat metropolis of ours a 
new archbishop. It is a momentous occasion for tlie church and for us. The pronounce- 
ment already has ffone forth and all Chicaf^o — civic as well as Catholic — expectantly 
awaits your undertakings. 

"Archbishop Mundelein, j-ou succeed one whose virtues and achievements have 
Iw-en duly recorded in the daily press. In the solitude that he observed and preferred 
he labored incessantly for the progress of the church in Chicago; and the greatness of 
liis work in that direction, I believe, will not be fully understood or realized, nor its value 
rightly appreciated, until history plays its part and gives to Inimanity a true account- 
ing. Although of a retiring nature, he ke|)t in touch with every public enterprise and 
was keenly observant of all [jolitical activities affecting churclily interests. He was, 
indeed, a great man and his loss is keenly felt. 

"And now, with the marvelous wisdom that has guided her through all the ages, 
Holy .Mftthcr Church appoints for his succcssoi- one, in the person of your Grace, in 
whone selection we may deem ourselves particularly fortunate. Your enthusiasm and 
indomitable will insure our admiration; your scholarly attainments compel our praise. 

"Although a novice in years only, already the fairie of your marvelous work in 
the city which within a day regretfully witnessed your departure has jjreccded you. 

"His Kxi-e||cncy, thr- papal delegate. arehbishof)s, bishops, inonsignors, abbots and 
jirifsfK. as thr- representatives of thC (.'luirch, are gathered today to do you honor arid, 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Ninety-seven 

with all the pomp and glory of the ceremonials of Motlier Clmrcli tliat thrill the Cath- 
olic heart, welcome you to the difruity of your office. 

"We, the Catholic laity of this great cosmopolitan city of the United States, where 
more than twenty-five languages are spoken, representing as we do a million souls that 
need your spiritual guidance; the poor and needy; the orphans (of whom there are 
many), so anxious to find a place in the heart of the vicar of the Galilean; students so 
desirous of obtaining an education — all bid welconie to your (iracc, Ai-chbishop iMunde- 
lein. Humbly we pledge our loyalty, our obedience, our support and our hearty co- 
operation. We hope you will find in Chicago a prolific field for your wonderful abilities 
and beg God to shower upon you His choicest blessings. " 

Next came the address of the clergymen read by Right Rev. Msgr. 
Michael J. Fitzsimmons, administrator of the diocese. 

To Your Excellency, Your Grace, Archbishop Mundelein, Bishops and Visiting 
Clergy, we the priests of the Church of Chicago, extend, this morning, a cordial salu- 
tation. 

"We have assembled here. Your Grace, in the name and authority of the Holy 
See who appointed you Archbishop of this Province ; in the name of the archdiocese 
which you will govern; in the name of the Catholic people fif Cliicago and vicinity, 
both lay and clerical, over whom you will preside — to participate in the official cere- 
mionial of your installation, and to ask the God of all wisdom to direct your efforts for 
a successful administration in the new field of your episcopal labors. 

"We offer you our warmest congratulations and wish to extend to you and your 
friends from far' and near, a hearty welcome on this, your first official appearance 
amongst us. 

"Speaking for the eight hundred priests of ihe archdiocese, we assiire yo.i that 
we are gratified exceedingly by the magnificence of this spontaneous presence, this 
signal manifestation of good will that is shown you, and in their name, we welcome you 
eight hundredfold — we promise you our hearty co-operation in the arduous but glorious 
work that lies before you. 

"Some months ago, a great concourse of people assembled within these walls to 
venerate the dead, and assist in the solemn obsequies of one who, during twelve years of 
official life, had won the esteem and love of those who knew him. As a citizen he < om- 
nianded universal respect ; a.s. administrator he had the confidence of all ; as archbishop 
he had our love. Stricken in strong physical manhood, the keenest interest was every- 
where aroused, and during the weeks of his illness, hope, apprehension, anxiety fol- 
lowed in quick succession the trend of public inquiry, which ceased on the lips of the 
multitude only when it had spent itself in the hopelessness of death, and a canopy of 
gloom at once overhung the Catholic centers of the diocese. 

"Projects calculated to promote the welfare of religion, naturally terminated in 
their conception with the life of their author. 

"Temporary administration was intrusted to us by His Excellency, the Papal Dele- 
gate, but comparative inactivity necessarily followed, under the conservative policy of 
doing only that which was required to sustain normal conditions and to safeguard, in 
general, the interests of the Church. 

"The close of this temporary regime is at hand. To-day has numbered the last 
link in the chain of events that has connected a sorrowful past with a joyful present, 
and a new era of life and energy opens, that gives flattering assurance of an active and 
successful future. 

"We congratulate Your Grace on the privilege you enjoy of having His Excel- 
lency, the Papal Delegate, preside over the ceremonj'- of your installation, to enthrone 
and invest j'ou with the sacred Pallium. His participation adds a notable dignity to the 
brilliancy of this event and does honor to the diocese which we take occasion to recog- 
nize. We assure him of our highest esteem and veneration, because of his personal qual- 
ities and the exalted position that he holds. 

"We note with pleasure the number of your brethren, members of the hierarchy, 
who grace this assembly, but especially your many associates of the priesthood in Brooklyn 
who have traveled a thousand miles to emphasize on this day their friendship for you. 

"In all, therefore, that surrounds us this morning, there is a harmony of purpose, 
of action, of aspect, of thought and expression that argues forcibly for one conclusion ; 



Page Ninety-eight Diamond Jubilee 

that it is a day of joy. of honor, of happiness, of hopeful anticipation for Your Grace, 
and we interpret it as a promise of God's blessing for the Church iu Chicago; — in this 
we are mindful of the scope of your activities and the admirable success of your efforts 
in the Brooklyn Diocese. 

"Chicago has been fortunate in haviing in its episcopate during man.y years of 
its most marvelous development, able, prudent and zealous churchmien. In building up 
a system of parochial eqiiipment which comprehends the simultaneous erection of Church 
and school, they have labored witli foresight to keep apace with the tremendous growth 
of ciAic life. Orphan Asylums with Industrial departments followed the increase of 
population, and iu this, though sueeessftil to a remarkable degree, they accomplished 
that only which was necessary for the foundation of mental needs of religion. 

"The past, thei-efore. has been busy with essentials; the future cannot escape 
them, fo." even now. in the necessary i-eqtiire ments of Church and school, there are in 
some localities, problems that must be solved, and difficulties that must be overcome, 
before adequate facilities may be given the i)eople to know and practice the faith Mliieh 
they have. 

"The diocese that Your Grace will govern, comprises at present six c(ninties, with 
a Catholic population of one million souls. It has aji equipment of three hundred and 
seventeen churches, eight huudred priests, and a total of four hundred and thirteen pa- 
rochial schools, colleges, academies and other educational institutions, having an at- 
tendance of one hundred and niuei.een thousand pupils. Among these we point with 
pride of our diocesan college, established within the last decade, and giving liberal 
opportunity to young men without means who "desire to study for the priesthood. Our 
parochial schools number two hundred and seventy-four, having an attendance of one 
hundred and thirteen thousand children. There are twelve orphan asjdums with other 
charitable institutions of various kinds. Among these, we have belonging to the dio- 
cese, a Catholic Home of the Friendless. Other institutions are needed to mitigate 
evils in the social conditions of the masses who are in contact with vice and infidelity. 
These, however, are of the future and will have to wait for time and opportunity to 
develop. To administer to the spiritual and temporal needs of a vastly populated and 
rapidly growing cit.v of nearly three million people, and to satisfy therein the many 
correlative needs of the Church, is a task so great that the life of one man can give it 
only a measurable degree of success, and the rest must needs be left as a heritage to his 
successor. 

' ' Your official duties, Your Grace, will doubtless be. arduous and will comprehend 
many problems for your solution, for although counsel will not be wanting, the ulti- 
mate decision will rest with you. There is, however, a Providence in our lives, aud the 
Grod who has placed the burden on your shoulders will reward your sacrifices and will 
make it light. The zeal for His honor and glory that has actuated you to earnest aud 
fruitful labors as Auxiliary of Brooklyn, will now more than ever stimulate your ener- 
gies with stronger incentive iu this, your greater field of action. Your j^outh, your 
energy, your ability, j-our success, has inspired us, your future subjects, with confidence, 
which we unite to-day with that of the Holy See, when in its wisdom, under the guidance 
of the Divine Spirit, it appointed you to rule the destiny of the Church in the great 
Archdiocese of Chicago. 

"The future lies before you, abundant with opportunity and resplendent with 
• hope. "We .see the Church in Chicago, under your inspiration, rise to unlimited pos- 
sibilities of greater achievement. Therefore, we feel that we voice the sentiments of 
the clergy in saying that it is rather we, the people of Chicago, that are to be con- 
gratulated. We felicitate the archdiosese on the occasion of your enthronement, and 
we thank the Holy Father for having conferred this favor upon us. 

"In conclu.sion, we, your priests, co-laborers in your vine.yard, pledge .you our 
loyal support. We pray Almighty God that, through His consolations, merited by your 
sacrifices, the heat of the day may be tempered and its burden lightened. We entreat 
Him that your stewardship may endure unto length of days in the enjoyment of physical 
vigor and spiritual blessings; that peace and ])r()sperity may ever attend the Church in 
Chicago, for His greater glory and your immortal crown. 

Aside from the sacred services the address of the new archbishop was 
looked forward to with the keenest interest £tnd it may truthfully be said that 
this address was eminently worthy of the occasion. When His Grace said, "I 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page Ninety-nine 

come to you even as came my predecessor, to give the best that is in me, my 
strength, my youth, my energy, my life — to lay them all on God's altar this 
morning for the Church of Chicago; ad Sacrificandum Domino veni," his 
hearers received their first impression of the singleness of purpose which has 
characterized the young prelate in his services to the Chicago diocese. 

So typical of his life was this address that it is here inserted in full. 

ADDRESS OF HIS GRACE, MOST REV. GEORGE W. MUXDELEIN, D. D, 
ARCHBISHOP OF CHICAGO 

Your Excellency: Let my first act, after taking possession of this Metropolitan 
Church of Chicago, be to welcome among us the representative of our Holy Father. 
To him, our Sovereign Pontiff, I pledge for myself, for my clergy, and for mj' people, 
absolute, unswerving loyalty, obedience and devotion. His word is our law, his wish our 
command, his welfare our personal concern. In him we recognize Christ's Vicar on 
earth, the infallible teacher of divine truth, the keeper of the keys of the Kingdom of 
Heaven. To him and to his predecessors in the chair of Peter, I am bound by the closest 
bonds of gratitude. The great Leo blessed me as a young priest and sent me forth on my 
mission. The lovable Pius raised me up to the episcopate, and now the gentle peace-seek- 
ing Benedict gives me the greatest proof of his confidence when he entrusts to my guid- 
ance one of the most important dioceses in the world. To him I do now pledge loyalty 
and devotion until death. Thou art the chief Shepherd of His flock, thou prince of the 
apostles. But there is another, a more intimate reason why I welcome you here today. 
You and I were friends when we wei-e simple, unknown priests. Nothing has ever 
marred that friendship, nor lessened the warm regard and kindly feeling we have had 
for each other. I was the first to greet you when you came to these shores, and you 
were the first to wish me well as the pastor selected foi a great diocese. There is no one 
I know from whose hands I would rather receive the archbishop's Pallium than from 
yoii. In the difficult years that lie before me, I will ever have your good wishes, your 
fraternal advice, your unselfish assistance, as in the past I have had your prayers. 

The bishops of this province, and in their number I count the present Bishop of 
Green Bay, the esteemed and beloved former Auxiliary of Chicago, I regard them as 
part of the clergy of the archdiocese. They were priests of Chicago, their affections 
are here, their friends are here, and I can only repeat to them what I have said to 
them in private, that I trust they will be generous with me with their counsel. They 
will share with me their friendship, they will make my house their home. There is one 
other whom I deem well to mention. By the ceremony this morning I have lifted the 
burden from shoulders willing, robust, though no longer young. He has carried himself 
with prudence and distinction in the alwa.ys difficult period of a scdes vacans. He has the 
affection of his fellow priests, and the esteem of the clergy elsewhere. But more than 
all else, he has attracted me by his constant loyalty to the memory of my two prede- 
cessors, and it seems to me that one who has faitlifully served two archbishops will be 
just as loyal to the third. My first official act is to appoint as the senior vicar-general 
of the diocese Jlsgr. Fitzsimmons, and to charge him likewise with the affairs of the 
diocese. 

And to my brethren of the episcopate, the Most Reverend Bishops who have come, 
many from a distance, all at great sacrifice, I am deeply grateful, for by their presence 
here they have honored the Church of Chicago, its clergy, its people, and its city. 

And to you, priests of the Archdiocese of Chicago, to yoii I come today as the man 
selected by God to be your bishop, your leader, your spiritual father. By the inscrut- 
able design of Providence and because of no merit of my own, I have been chosen as the 
one " quam Spiritus Sa^icius posuit regere hanc ecclesiam Dei." The task is one I did 
not seek, one from which I would gladly shrink, not only because of the vastness of the 
work and the difficulties in the way, not only because of my own j'outh, ine.Kperience 
and unworthiness, but also because I follow in the footsteps of an archbishop whose life 
was a sacrifice, whose example was an incentive, whose memory is benediction. When 
in that, to me, memorable night the message came from him who represents in our midst 
Christ's Vicar on earth, that the Pallium of Chicago was to rest on my shoulders, from 
my very soul I cried out, as I knelt before the Master, "How can I follow after the great 



Page One-hundred Diamond Jubilee 

Quigley. the prelate who has written his name hirg:e aci'oss the history of this wonderful 
dioeese of the middle west : how will my weak hands take up the guiding reins M^here 
his palsied lingers have laid them down?" And then almost like an inspiration came to 
me the thought of how quickly but how well he had done his work, how he had prepared 
the ground for the one that woiild come after him, how he had finished what he had 
begun and how richly God had blessed his work. Fathers, have you ever realized how 
good God has been to the Church in Chicago ; how it has become one of the choice spots 
in this country? "When I count the hundreds of churches scattered throughout our city, 
when I review the great army of children in our schools, when I consider the splendid 
equipment to care for the sick, the orphans and the destitute, when I number the homes 
of the religious leaders so many nurseries of the more perfect life, when I see you, my 
priests, the captains of a mighty host, almost too numerous to count, gathered together 
from many countries and many climes and speaking many tongues, then do my eyes see 
the vision of the Epiphany and to my lips rise tlie words of the prophet, "Arise, be en- 
lightened, for thy light is come and the glory of God is risen upon thee. Lift up thy 
eyes round about and see all tliere are gathered together ; they are come to thee ; thy sons 
shall come from afar and thy daughters shall rise up at thy side. Then shalt thou see 
and abound and thy heart shall wonder aijd be enlarged." 

Fathers, this is more than a vision, this is a picture of our glorius hereafter, yours 
and mine. Never was greater opportunity given for the spread of God's kingdom; never' 
was there better chance to work for His glory ; never was there a brighter outlook for 
a harvest of souls than you and I have here in Chicago. What fools we would be to let 
sordid ambition, to let a lack of unity, to let a spirit of neglect and indiiferenee blight 
the wonderful harvest that is preparing before our eyes. My life and yours count for 
little where God's glory is concerned; M-ere I to spend my strength and energy in a few 
years what a small price it would be to pay for the fruits I can gather. So I come to 
you, even as came my predecessor, to give tlie best that is in me, my strength, my youth, 
my energy, my life, to lay them all on God's altar this morning for the Church of Chi- 
cago: ad sacrific-duduw Domino veni. But without you I am powerless, my work would 
be sterile efforts, lifeless. I need you. I need all of j'ou, and I need you so much ; I 
■want you to stand behind me ; to hold up my hand, to cover with the mantles of your 
charity my faults and my shortcomings. When you render to me your obedience, let it 
be with the promise exacted from you in your ordination. To you has been given a 
people than whom there is none more loyal, none more generous, none more willing. 
Whether they have come from the green hills of Ireland, from the clean little towns of 
Germany and France, from the now war-scarred plains of Poland or whether they first 
opened their eyes in this land of the free they form here this great city, the obedient sons 
and daughters of Mother Church and the best element of our citizenship. You, the 800 
priest.s of this diocese, are their guardians. Keep them, do not lose them. Fathers, do 
not let them become estranged because of any fault of your own, because of neglect in 
teaching or default in good example. If we do, God will surely ask their souls of our 
hands at the judgment seat. 

And you, my people, who today become my sons and daughters, children of the 
great family committeed to my care ! The Divine Spirit sent me to you to be the pastor 
of your souls. The Lord has placed a heavy cross on willing but weak shoulders. Some 
day, perhaps not far distant, this city will be in mourning, these churches darkened, and 
V)efore this altar will rest all that is mortal of the Third Archbishop of Chicago. Then 
will his spirit have passed before the scrutinizing eye of the Almighty and the account- 
ing he must then give will be for a million and a quarter souls. From the moment that 
the word came to me that I must go to you this picture has never been far distant from 
my mind. It is the la.st thought to leave me at night, the first to greet me in the morn- 
ing. Oh, if you only knew what a crushing weight this awful responsibility is, how 
nnbearable it would be for a poor weak man, were it not for the consciousness that your 
prayers never cea.se to lighten the burden. It is the supplications of hundreds of conse- 
crated virgins that move the Sacred Heart of the Master to pity His humble servant. 
It is the pleadings of the poor, the sick, the orphaned, the penitent, that cry to the 
Great GfK)d Shepherd lisping praj-ers of more than one hundred thotisand little children 
that pierce the clouds and reach the very throne of God, that He might strengthen their 
archbishop. And Hf>, in the knowledge that like the Apostle, I can do all things in Him 
that Htrengthens me, I will not falter, but with God's grace, and j'our help, will bear 
without murmur the burden placerl on my shoulders luitil the end. 

With one voice your priests have told me that I come to the most generous people 
in the world. Show youfHclves that to me always, in good times or in bad, in certainty 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred-one 

and in doubt, stand loyally by your bishop ; let nobody, let nothing part you from him. 
Christ's words come ringing down through the ages, for they were meant as much for 
the successors of Apostles as for the Apostles themselves. "He that heareth you hear- 
eth Me: He that despiseth you despiseth Me." A little while ago, in the hushed silence 
that followed the moment of Consecration in the Mass, I could almost hear the whispered 
voice of our Sacramental Saviour as He breathed over us the prayer He uttered over 
His Apostles just before He began His passion. "Father, I pray for them, I pray not 
for the world, but for them whom Thou hast given Me because they are Thine. As 
Thou hast sent Me into the world I have also sent them into the world. And not for 
them only do I pray, but for them also who through their word shall believe in Me, that 
they all maj' be one, as Thou, Father, in Me and I in Thee, that they also may be one 
in Us, that the world may believe that Thou hast sent Me. ' ' That we may be one, one 
in all things, one at all times, that as we are one in faith and doctrine, so we may be one 
in work, one in charity — bishop, priests and people, one here and there. You remember 
that one splendid sentence in the Epistle of All Saints' Day: "And then I saw a great 
crowd that no man could count, of all nations and tribes and peoples and tongues, 
standing before the throne in sight of the Lamb, clothed in white robes and palms in 
their hands." The great Church of Chicago, gathered from the nations of the earth; 
that it may be there, bishops, priests and people, that we may all be one there, when you 
and I pass from the Church Militant God grant that it be to the Church Triumphant, to 
the great white throne of Heaven, to chant God 's praises forever and forever ! 

I would hardly be human were I to remain unmoved by the warmlth of 3-our wel- 
come, and I would be ungrateful did I not give some expression of my deep apprecia- 
tion of j'our kindly feelings. It would be unwise and useless to make extravagant prom- 
ises now, but one thing I can assure j'ou, in the moments of loneliness that sometimes 
come to all of us and especially to those in high places, the memorj^ of the warmth of your 
reception and the heartiness of the welcome of j'our peoples to me will cheer and com- 
fort me for many years to come. But yesterday I left home and kindred and the dear- 
est friends man ever had, and abandoned the fruits of many years of labor, but I did so 
without regrets, for today, the Lord has united me to the house He has selected for me 
for eternity, to the wonderful Church of Chicago, and to her and to her children. I will, 
with God's help remain faithful until death do us part. And now let me say one thing 
to comfort you, priests of the archdiocese, and I say it here in the presence of His Ex- 
cellency, the Apostolic Delegate. For a great, proud diocese like ours, practically the 
first in the country, it is a test of loyalty and obedience to receive as its head an obscure 
bishop from a long distance awaJ^ I know of no diocese in the east that could have stood 
the test so nobl}* as did Chicago. Gentlemen, I am proud of you. Although a stranger 
to almost every one of you, the diocese, almost to a man, prepared to welcome the new 
archbishop warmly, saying, "Whom the Lord sends us will be welcome. " Let me tell you 
that example of this kind does more to con\ince our non-Catholic brethren, as well as 
our own people, that our profession of loyalty to the Holy See is not lip-service, but 
comes from the depths of our being, with the entire power of our will and all the warmth 
of our hearts. And now from the clergy of this archdiocese I am going to ask a favor 
to-day. I am going to take advantage of the warmth of your welcome to ask you to be 
patient with me and to have consideration for me. Remember this is the first daj- I 
spent in your citj-. It will take me time to study the diocese and its circumstances. 
Rome was not built in a day, and I don't expect to accomplish much for awhile. I must 
first study men and study conditions. Secondly, I am different from the late arch- 
bishop — the Lord cast me in a different mould. Perhaps I am quicker in grasping a 
thing, and am likely to act more quickly. So don't judge at once that I have not at- 
tached enough weight to your case, and if I seem to hurry j^ou a little when you call, it 
is not that I am not interested in you, but perhaps because others may be waiting, and 
waiting impatiently. Finally, remember I have a bad memory for names and faces, so 
if I a second or a third time ask your name, laj- the blame on a leaky memorj' rather 
than on a cold heart. Secondly, be considerate with me — you will find me very human — 
and it is human to err. I am going to make mistakes. But I am your archbishop, and 
I look to my priests to cover up my mistakes, not to expose, to discuss or to criticize 
them. For to whom else can I look for such consideration ? Your archbishop is the one 
man in this town who is constantly in the spotlight. Shield him as much as you can. 
Have consideration for him, and he is likely to be considerate with you. I come here 
to you because I have been sent to you bj' the same power that sent Patrick to Ire- 
land, Boniface to Germany, Augustine to England. And like them, I came here to labor 
for you and with j'ou. I have been told by many of the bishops that I come to the 



Page hnndred-two Diamond Jubilee 

most difficult and most thorny position of the Lord's vineyard. But let me assure you 
that my sincere, my honest conviction is that I am coming to the most fertile portion, 
to the part promising the greatest, the richest, the golden harvest of souls. And so, I 
come not here to obtain a reputation, for a reputation is only a gossamer web, which a 
sudden gust blows away. I come not here for popular favor, for the popular favor to- 
day is and to-morrow luis vanished. I come not here to look for honors, for the highest 
honor in the gift of the Holy See is to be Archbishop of Chicago. I repeat, I came to 
labor with you; we are both sowers of the seed, you and I, and all that we hope for, our 
whole ambition is wrapped up and contained in tliat one Biblical sentence, "And some 
fell on good ground, and having taken root, brought forth fruit in abundance." 

Upon the conclusion of the archbishop's address Solemn High Mass was 
celebrated by Msgr. John Bonzano, the papal delegate, in the same manner as 
in Solemn Pontifical High Mass. 

The officers of the Mass were the following : 

Msgr. John Bonzano. the papal delegate, celebrated the Mass; Father Francis 
O'Brien was deacon and Father David I\IcDonald, assistant. Very Rev. Dennis J. 
Dtmne of the Holy Name Cathedral was master -of ceremonies, and Rev. Daniel J. Rior- 
dau and Rev. Francis Bobal were deacons to the new archbishop. 

Upon the new archbishop's right sat Rev. Daniel J. Riordan, and on his left Right 
Rev. Mgr. William ]\IcNamee, vicar general of the Diocese of Brooklyn. Behind the 
throne stood groups of priests, and back of these were the bishops and monsignors, 
amongst whom were Bishops Peter J. Muldoon of Rockford ; J. W. Shaw of San Antonio, 
Texas ; P. A. ^McGovern of Chevenne, "Wj^o. ; J. T. Tiheu of Lincoln, Neb. ; H. Althoff of 
Belleville, 111. ; M. F. Burke of St. Joseph, ]\Io. ; J. F. Busch of St. Cloud, Minn. ; John 
E. Gunn of Natchez, Miss. ; P. J. Donahue of Wheeling, W. Va. ; Austin Dowling of Des 
Moines. Iowa; P. J. O'Reilly of Lebedos; D. J. O'Connell of Richmond, Va. ; J. M. Kou- 
delka of Superior, Wis.; Edward P. Allen of Mobile, Ala.; H. J. Alerding of Port 
Wavne, Ind. ; Joseph Schrembs of Toledo, Ohio ; P. R. Heffron of Winona, Minn. ; P. P. 
Rho'de of Green Bay, Wis. ; V. Wehrle, 0. S. B., of Bismarck, S. D. ; J. J. Lawler of St. 
Paul, Minn.; S. S. Ortynsky of Philadelphia, Pa.; Joseph P. Lynch of Dallas, Texas; 
M. J. Gallagher of Grand Rapids. Mich. ; Edmund J. Obreeht of Trappist, Ky. ; Vincent 
Huber, O. S. B., of Peru, 111. ; C. E. IMcDonnell of Brooklyn, N. Y. ; E. M. Dunne of 
Peoria, 111. ; P. J. Garrigan of Sioux City, Iowa. 

The archbishop was invested with the pallium, that is, it was placed 
upon his shoulders before the Communion. After the Communion the pallium 
was placed on the center of the altar with its silk coverings. 

At the conclusion of the Mass the papal delegate, Msgr. Bonzano, sitting 
upon the platform of the altar, received the oath of the new archbishop, who 
knelt before him. The oath is as follows: 

"I. George William Mundelein, Archbishop of Chicago, from this hour forward will 
be faithful and obedient to St. Peter, to the Holy Apostolic Roman Church, to My Lord, 
Pope Benedict XV, and his successors canonieally entering. I will not join in any 
eoun.sel or agreement to deprive them r)f life or limb, or to bring them into cai)tivity. 
I will disclose to no one any counsel which may have bc(>n entrusted to mo, wliether 
by them.selves or their nuncios, or by letters, in any way to whi(!h my knowledge will 
cause harm. I will give aid, saving my order (that is, so far as the canons which forbid 
blood.shed to an ecclesia.stic permit), to defend and to maintain against every man the 
papacy of the Roman Church and the royalty of St. Peter; when called to a synod I 
will come unless hindered by a canonical impediment. I will treat with honor the legate 
of the apostolic see in coming and returning, and I will help him in his needs. I will 
visit the thresholds of the Apostles every three; years, either in person or by deputy, un- 
less I he absolved by apostolic dispensation. The possessions whi(!l) ai)i)ertain to my epis- 
copal board I will not sell or give away, or pledge;, or enfc^'off afresh, or alienate in any 
way without having first consulted the Roman j)ontiff. So may God help me and these 
holy g'wpels. " 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred-three 

After the oath Msgr. Bonzano arose with his miter on, lifted the pallium 
from the altar and laid it upon the shoulders of the elect, who was still kneel- 
ing. While doing so the papal delegate said : 

"To the honor of Almighty God, the Blessed Mary ever Virgin, and the Blessed 
Apostles Peter and Paul, of our Lord Pope Benedict XV, and of the Holy Roman 
Church, as well as the church of Chicago, which has been entrusted to thee, we deliver 
to thee this pallium taken from the body of the Blessed Peter, in which is the fulness of 
the pontifical oftiee, together with the name and style of archbishop, that thou mayest use 
it within thy own church, on the appointed da.ys which are set down in the privileges 
granted by the apostolic see. In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy 
Ghost. ' ' 

The delegate thereup took off his miter and moved to the gospel side of 
the altar. The new archbishop then arose with the pallium, and descending to 
the altar, having his cross before him, but with his head uncovered, solemnly- 
blessed the people, saying : 

"May the Name of the Lord be Blessed. 

"Now and forever more. 

"Our Help is in the Name of the Lord. 

"Who has made Heaven and Earth. 

"May Almighty God bless you, Father. Son and Holy Ghost. 

"Amen." 

And so ended the ceremony of installation. 

The Installation Banquet. 

The next great demonstration of welcome to the archbishop was the in- 
stallation banquet of the President and Board of Governors of the Catholic 
Church Extension Society of the United States of America, tendered to the 
new Chancellor of the Society, the Most Reverend George William Mundelein, 
D. D., in Cathedral hall of the University Club of Chicago, Thursday evening, 
February 10, 1916. 

Mr. Edward Francis Carry was toastmaster on the occasion, and the 
following program was adhered to. 

Speakers Richmond Dean 

William J. Calhoun 

Music The Paulist Choir 

Recitative .Jerome J. Crowley 

Dramatics Frederick J. Ireland and 

Students of Cathedral College 

The artistic souvenir program was a feature of the banquet, and besides 
the excellent decorations and illuminations contained an original poem, "The 
Death Dream of Marquette," by Rt. Rev. Msgr. Francis Clement Kelley, set to 
music by Rev. Francis J. Finn, the talented director of the Paulist Choir; art 
arrangement by Thomas A. O'Shaugnessey; settings by Thomas Moses. 



Page hundred-four Diamond Jubilee 

As is well known this banquet became a near-tragedy, due to the occur- 
rence, quite generally thought to be criminal, by which the soup served was 
tainted with poison. 

The Laymen's Reception. 

For some days there was a continuous round of welcomings to the new 
archbishop, but the most important affair yet to be noticed was the laymen's 
reception at the Auditorium Theatre on the evening of Sunday, February 13, 
1916. On that occasion a vast concourse of people filling the hall to over- 
flowing gathered and participated in the glad welcome. The program of the 
evening was as follows: 

Richard C. Cannon, Chairman 

Selections Chicago Band 

William Weil, Conductor. 

Ecce Saeerdos JIagnos J. Lewis Brown 

Paulist Choristers — Father Finn, Conductor. 
Address Thomas H. Cannon 

(a) Emitte 8piritum Tuum Scliuetky 

(b) Legend Tschaikowsky 

Paulist Choristers — Father Finn, Conductor. 

Address John P. Lauth 

Address Louis Charles Brosseau 

Salve Regina Buck 

James Goddard, Chicago Grand Opera Company- 
Address John F. Smulski 

Creation Beethoven 

James Goddard, Chicago Grand Opera Company. 

Address Joseph J. Janda 

Address Bernard P. Barasa 

Coronation March from La Prophete Meyerbeer 

Chicago Band, Will iam Weil, Conductor. 
Address Most Reverend Archbishop 

At the close of the exercises the audience sang 
"Te Deum" and "Illinois." 

Finale i. Star Spangled Banner 

Chicago Band, William Weil, Conductor. 

The addresses by the laymen were presented on the part of the various 
racial elements of Chicago and had for their purpose pledges of fidelity to the 
new archbishop. While all of the addresses were meritorious, that of Mr. 
Thomas H. Cannon was the most general in scope and most interesting from 
an historical standpoint. Twenty-five years before. Judge Thomas A. Moran 
had delivered an address of the same general nature in the presence of the 
Most Rev. Archbishop Patrick Augustine Feehan on the occasion of the cele- 
bration of his silver jubilee, which address is reproduced in a former chapter. 
Both for its significance and for the purpose of comparison with Judge 
Moran's address, Mr. Cannon's effort is here reproduced: 

Address of Welcome by Thomas H. Cannon. 

The history of the Catholic Church in Chicago is related in a most interesting way 
with the city of New York. On the erection of the See of Chicago, the Right Rev. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred-five 

William Quarter was iiamod as its first bishop. As Father Quarter, he had been pas- 
tor of St. Mary's church in New York and it was by his permission that in April, 1835, 
under the leadership of a famous pioneer priest of New York, Father Raffeiner, that 
the German Catholics of that city met in the basement of St. Mary's church and there 
organized the congregation of St. Nicholas, the native parish of Most Rev. Geo. William 
Mundelein, now Archbishop of Chicago. So that the first bishop and the present arch- 
bishop of Chicago came out from the East and both came from the city of New York. 

But how different the conditions which have arisen after a lapse of seventy-two 
years. When Bishop Quarter reached Chicago in May, 1844, he found only two priests 
and one church, old St. Mary's, in the straggling prairie town that had grown up about 
Ft. Dearborn. Catholics were few and scattered ; of priests and churches in the entire 
diocese there were not many, but from this humble beginning the progress of the Church 
has kept steady pace with the growth and the material advancement of the second city 
of America. 

Today His Grace is called to rule over an archdiocese ministered to by over eight 
hundred priests, with over three hundred churches, of which two hundred and sixteen 
are in Chicago and one hundred and ten in the five counties outside of Chicago compris- 
ing the archdiocese. 

Here he finds, as he left in his late home, a preparatory seminary for the education 
of candidates for the sacred priesthood. One of the glories of the archdiocese over 
which he is called to rule is its parochial school system with over two hundred and fifty 
schools and an enrollment of over one hundred and ten thousand children ; more than 
are enrolled in any other diocese in the United States. Of institutions of higher educa- 
tion he finds colleges and academies for girls and boys; besides universities of the highest 
standing, the attendance at which, added to that of the parochial schools, makes a total 
of over one hundred and twenty-five thousand young people under Catholic care and 
training. 

Here he will find in perfect woi'king order institutions which care for the sick and 
the sinful, the aged and the orphan, the dependent and the delinquent, with consecrated 
men and women spending their lives for the reHef and comfort and correction of those 
committed to their charge. 

In addition to these there are the voluntary organizations of laymen and women 
who have established social settlements, day nurseries, protectorates for young women 
and other forms of charity. He will find full play for his business acumen in managing 
and conserving the temporalities of the Church, which are estimated to represent a value 
of over fifty million dollars. 

Here one hundred thousand men and women are enrolled in the Catholic fraternal 
organizations providing protection for their homes and families and while inculcating 
lessons of thrift and probity are giving every aid and support to all that makes for the 
advancement of the Catholic cause. Since the establishment of the Chicago Diocese it 
has been governed in turn by Bishops Quarter, Van de Velde, O 'Regan, Duggan, Foley 
and Archbishops Feehan and Quigley ; an illustrious succession who have left the impress 
of their saintly lives, their learning and their devotion upon the Catholic Church in the 
United States. 

Here in the most cosmopolitan city in the world he will meet Catholic men of 
every race and every color. Here the descendants of the Teuton and the Celt, the Saxon 
and the Frank, the Latin and the Slav have come in their thousands to build up this 
mighty metropolis of the West and among its teeming millions of today are counted 
nearly one million and a half of Catholics ; so that it has been said that there are more 
Catholics in Chicago of the different races than may be boasted of in the proudest cap- 
itals of their native lands. And these people, Catholic Americans all, but one in Faith, 
unite today in a most cordial welcome to him who has been appointed to be their iniler 
and guide in all things spiritual and as they were loyal, obedient and devoted to his 
saintly predecessors so they will be to him and although he comes to labor in a new and 
strange field he has but to indicate to the faithful men and women of the laity his wishes 
and desires and he will find a ready response from them in the furtherance of all his 
plans and projects. 

In the few short days since he has assumed the burdens and cares of his archi- 
episcopal office, his public utterances in the pulpit and in the press have endeared him, 
not only to his spiritual children, but to the great body of our citizenship. 

And so, Most Reverend Archbishop, speaking in part for the laymen and women 
of Chicago, I voice their greetings to you on this occasion and their congratulations upon 



Page hundred-six Diamond Jubilee 

your elevation to your high office. In their name I pledge to yoii their unfailing devo- 
tion, their unswerving loyalty, their perfect obedience. 

On Thui-sday Iheard you express the wish that Chicago and its people might come 
to like you as you have already learned to like them. The laymen of Chicago like you 
with the liking that comprehends love and respect and I express the hope that your 
years may be many and your labors fruitful in the cause of God and of native land." 

No one of the nearly five thousand people who filled the Auditorium 
on this auspicious occasion will ever forget the stirring address of the new 
archbishop. Clad in his robes of office and displaying every evidence of 
youth, vigor and perfectly controlled enthusiasm, he appeared the ideal, pro- 
gressive churchman and at once won the admiration of every man and woman 
present. The eloquent address he then delivered completed his conquest and 
gave him the esteem and love of all his hearers. This address to the laity of 
his diocese undoubtedly deserves a place in history and is here reproduced in full. 

ADDRESS IN REPLY TO THE WELCOME OF THE LAITY OF THE ARCHDIOCESE, 
• DELIVERED IN THE AUDITORIUM. CHICAGO. FEBRUARY 13, 1916 

To recall to memory a scene similar to this you must go back far in the history of 
the Church, yes, back to the days of the Apostles themselves. Then it was that the 
Prince of the Apostles, Peter, and his companions appeared in the streets of Jeru- 
salem, just after the Holy Ghost had confirmed them in the mission Christ had given 
them. There these fii-st Bishops of the Church spoke the message of salvation to thou- 
sands who had come from other lands, and who spoke in divers tongues. Though the 
spokesman of the Apostles, our Lord addressed Himself to them in his native tongue; 
yet all of them understood Ilis message. 

But a few days ago the eighth bishop of this see since its erection, and its third 
archbishop, presented himself in your Cathedral church and caused to be read to the 
gathered priests and people the commission that had been given to him by Christ's Vicar 
on earth, — a commission to be the pastor of more than a million souls, and the bishop 
of one of the greatest churches in Christendom. Tonight, as one of the true successors 
of those first Apostles. I — that pastor and bishop — come before this great crowd of peo- 
ple, who represent more nations and tongues than were gathered in Jerusalem's streets 
on Pentecostal day; and behold the same event is again repeated. For while you may 
speak to me and to each other in many tongues, yet my greeting to you, spoken in 
the language of my motherland, reaches every one of you, and the import of its every 
word sinks deep down into all your hearts, for you know it is the voice of your bishop, 
the words of him wliose flock you are,. Now you know his voice, you have seen his 
face, and you have given him your loyal pledge. No words can tell my gratitude for 
this wonderful demonstration. It is the one thing I desired, the sole thing I longed for, 
the only request I made — that I might see as many of my people as I could and that I 
might see them before all others. 

All my priestly life has been spent in close touch with the people. I had thought 
up to a few weeks ago of each act of these twenty j'ears, of the men and women I had 
helped, of the children I had instructed and confirmed, as a matter of course, as just a 
part of duty, as simply an incident of the daily routine. But for days, lately, the police 
have halted traffic just to .shake hands and say good-bye,, the clerks in the stores have 
expressed their .sorrow at my going, millionaires have called to pay their final respects, 
the editors of every Brooklyn jjaper have written me their regrets, .bank presidents have 
sent mes.sages of farewell, and scores of cliildisli scrawls have told me that I had the 
children's prayers. It has b(!cn just one long cry of God-sjx'cd, good-bye. It lias been 
the farewell of many friends gathered by twenty years of work for a people, a loving 
(^oup, waiting by the wayside to watch grow smaUer and finally disappear in the dis- 
tance the lonely figurr- of a departing friend. 

But do not think that I felt sorrowful I I was coming to a people of my own, a 
people who belong to me, because God has given tlicm to me, a [leople gathered from 
the nations of the earth; speaking mauy tongues, hut united in fiieir faitii to God, in 
their allegianee to our Holy Father, in their loyalty to tlieir bishop. He has given them 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred-seven 

to me, a young man, that I mi<rlit mould them, that I mipht load them, that I mifjht 
teaeh them, that 1 miprht labor for them and with them. He has prepared me for this 
work. He has trained me in the parts of His service. He has been with me as simple 
priest, as diocesan official, as parish pastor, as assistant bishop, that I might prove a fit 
instrument for His work. All through my life have I seen, as with my opened eyes, 
His guiding hand. And now I know why. God has raised me from an obscure, un- 
known bishop from far away, to what is probably the most important position in the 
Church of this country. And now I assure you most solemnly, should I ever fail to do 
His work, to accomplish great things for Him, then it is entirely my own fault. 

"Why is it then that I come so gladly to Chicago? Not for the honor of the posi- 
tion, for "that does not attract me; not the power of the place, for power means re- 
sponsibility, and that I would shun, if I could; not for the difficulties in the way, for 
they do not frighten me. But the one thing that appeals to me and yet causes me to 
fear, is that to the Archbishop of Chicago is now given such wonderful opportunity, 
such tremendous possibilities of doing great and good things for God and fellowman, 
as is rarely given to a human being. Do you know what that means? It means that 
I am like "the servant of the gospel, to whom five talents have been given, and when 
the hour strikes, and the time has come that I may no longer work, the IMaster will 
expect me to bring back another five talents in addition, the fruits of my labors, other- 
wise I shall be adjudged an unprofitable servant. Never, in our country at least, was 
a heavier burden placed on one man's shoulders. 

Were I to attempt to carry it alone, I should soon stagger and fall under its 
weight, as did my Master on the climb to Calvary's height. Last Wednesday I ap- 
pealed to my priests to help me carry it. To-night I appeal to my children, young 
and old, to lighten its burden. First, pray for me, pray for me always. No one 
needs it more. I know you will, for otherwise you would not be the dutiful children 
I thiak you are. 

Then, if I can read the signs of the times, it won't be all clear sailing. And if I 
see aright, no bishop of Chicago ever needed the help, the backing, the support of the 
laity more than I. Plans are maturing, schemes are developing, and attacks are pre- 
paring to pull down the work of years. I don 't want to be a pessimist. I do not know 
whether there be any such danger threatening us in this city or this state. But did it 
ever come, I would rest neither day nor night until I had roused every Catholic man 
with the spark of faith in his soul. And let me add that, among the foremost to help 
us, would be the decent people of our city who are not of our faith, for they would 
recognize that the great conservative force for law and order, the great bulwark 
against anarchy, the great preventative agency against crime in our cities, is the old 
Catholic Church. Pull it down, destroy it to-morrow, close its schools and its charitable 
institutions, and you might just as well get ready to meet the cyclone of crime, the 
reign of terror that would sweep our city, raze its walls, blot out its people. This is 
no exaggeration, every thinking man knows it ; and so every well-meaning Chicago citi- 
zen would stand by us if danger threatened, and if such danger were made known 
to him. 

No citizen has entered your city who was so kindly received as your archbishop. 
No ruler, temporal or spiritual, was ever more enthusiastically greeted. No one has 
ever come from whom the city has hoped more, from whom the press has awaited 
more, in whom the people have trusted more than your archbishop. Will you, my 
people, help me to show myself appreciative by supporting my efforts to make our city 
better spiritually, hence safer materially; to make Chicago more beautiful in its religious 
edifices; to make our city, our homes, our people, more attractive by giving the young 
instruction, by giving the poor assistance, by gi\'ing the sick relief, by giving us all a 
deeper faith, a broader charity, a stronger bond with God, with the home, with the 
family, with our neighbor? 

I would be ungrateful and discourteous did I not pause in reverent silence at the 
name of my late lamented predecessor. Archbishop Quigley. But I will not tarry, for 
the time approaches when I will bring his name permanently and prominently before 
every man, woman and child in the diocese. 

And now from the depths of my heart I pray Almighty God to bless you, — your 
homes and your families, — that His blessing may be fruitful of every good for you 
now, and iii the future. May the bhissing of Almighty God, Father, Son and Holy 
Ghost, descend upon you all and abide with you forever. 



Page hundred-eight Diamond Jubilee 

Respecting this meeting a Chicago periodical published as a leading 
editorial in the then current issue the following : 

"Chicago has been profoundly stirred during several days just past by the advent 
of the new spiritual leader sent to direct the destiny of the archdiocese. 

"A welcome as univei-sal as it was entlnisiastic luis everywhere met the archbishop 
and to the great joy of all the people the greeting has beyond doubt been a source of 
miieh satisfaction to the archbishop. He himself has repeatedly said so. 

"Columns of the press have been devoted to descriptions of the outbursts of wel- 
come and full justice has been done to all the ceremonies, yet we cannot resist the in- 
clination to dwell brietly upon the great mass meeting at the Auditorium. 

"It was a spectacle that few people, indeed, amongst the millions may ever be 
expected to see, and if it was magnificent to the eye it was yet more magniticent to the ear. 
'"The simile of the 'Gift of Tongues' applied by the archbishop was most apt. 
In the vast throng in the immediate presence of His Grace the Archbishop was rep- 
resented almost the whole world. Men of every blood strain and of every tongue sat 
before him, and the repi-esentatives of many races in their name welcomed him. 

"Nowadays we like to marshall facts and this demonstration was a fruitful field 
for big facts. The meeting itself was a big fact. How could it be duplicated? Again, 
here were representatives speaking for a million people, another big fact, and, by the 
same token, speaking with authority, for there is not a Catholic in the archdiocese but 
echoes the pledge spoken of loyalty and devotion to the spiritual dominion of their 
appointed shepherd. 

"Besides the million individuals of which the new archbishop's charge consists, 
there are above three liundred organized divisions, each with its own problems to solve 
and difficulties to overcome, viz., three huudred parishes which must make their separate 
ways. Add to this some two htmdred and fifty schools with their separate interests to 
care for and then go over, one by one, the hospitals, alms houses, orphanages, asylums 
and homes, and you have a complex and stupendous series of separate interests, sepa- 
rate ideals, distinctive characteristics and blood strains, and yet, as was the case with the 
auditors of the apostles when they spoke 'in divers tongues,' they were and are all ani- 
mated by the same truth. 

"It ought to be set down in all sincerity that the laj'men's reception was in 
every detail a distinct credit to the lajTiien of Chicago and that it reflected great credit 
upon the men who arranged and executed it. 

"It is due the lajTnen who were accorded the high distinction of voicing a wel- 
come on the part of the brotherhood of their blood that they aro.se completely to the 
occasion. None said either too little or too much and Messrs. Gannon, Cannon, Lauth, 
Bros.seau, Smulski, Janda and Barasa earned the gratitude of the Catholic laity of 
Chicago by their sound and scholarly utterances upon this auspicious occasion. 

"We think it permissible to direct attention to some of the thoughts that were 
given prominence througliout tlie meeting and first of all that, in direct opposition to 
the spirit of the age, not a single indication was present of the power of the temporali- 
ties. There was no homage to place and power, nor was there either any railings against 
authority. 

"There was not the slightest note of bitterness either against the ill-wisher or the 
more fortunate. 

"There was an ardent plea for a fuller fellowship and a broader brotherhood. 

"There wa.s a broad .s^-mpathy for tlie grown and an earnest solicitude for the 
youth. 

"And, above all, there was a wliol(!soni(! spirit of loyalty and co-operation that 
must and plainly did plea.se the archbisho]). 

"But we have said so much without speaking directly of the central figure, the 
arclihishop himself. 

"If we had formed an exalted opinion of \\n\ young jjrelate in advance of his 
coming we were yet unprepared for the man of surpassing ability who came. 

"We have learned to think it one thing to cehibrate the Holy Sacrifice, preach a 
sermon and minister to the spiritual needs of a Hock, and (piitc another to ajjpear in 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred-nine 

public ;iud take a pliee anioiifist public men, and ii pcrcluince a derpryman does not 
appear quite so well in public as a practical public mat., we are not surprised ; but there 
was no such occasion for surprise with respect to the new archbishop. No platform 
speaker displays an easier grace, and none is more eloijuent with the true elements of 
oratory. Nor could any statesman in fewer words or more pointed language state his 
platform. In so many woi'ds the archbishop declared for such a direction of our lives as 
will promote peace, order and true fellowship here and eternal happine'^s hereafter. 

"Not the pride and admiration alone of the Catholic people has been called out 
by His Grace in his few days amongst us, but as well our high e.steem and sincere af- 
fection." 

There were other receptions and welcome meetings but those described 
were the principal demonstrations and will live in history as amongst the most 
notable in the record of Chicago. 

THE FULFILLMENT 

The great demonstrations, and especially the new archbishop's part in 
them, gave promise of an active and brilliant administration. The record of 
the few years that have passed since the installation afford an opportunity 
to judge somewhat of the fulfillment. 

While the then archbishop-elect was yet enroute to Chicago he was 
pressed to state his policy, and is reported to have said that he would cross 
the bridge when he came to it. When the time came, however, it was found 
that he had no difficulty in defining his position upon any subject properly 
within his jurisdiction. One of the first statements regarding the diocese 
and his proposed work therein was with reference to the development of the 
parochial school system. In fulfillment of the thoughts suggested he very 
early strengthened the organization of the parochial schools, unified the meth- 
ods of teaching and text-books, and by an episcopal order required the 
branches included in the curriculum to be taught in English in every school. 

In one of his very earliest responses to addresses of welcome presented, 
His Grace intimated that he expected to provide a suitable memorial to his 
immediate predecessor, the Most Rev. James Edward Quigley. In fulfillment 
of the suggestion he soon set about the erection of the Quigley Memorial 
Seminary, now contpleted and housing over four hundred young men, in 
charge of one of the ablest faculties in the United States. The beauty of the 
magnificent structure in which the seminary is housed, is exceeded only by 
the equipment and appointments supplied to carry out the principle upon 
which His Grace relies for best results — a sound mind in a sound body. 
Had nothing else been accomplished, the opening of the Quigley Memorial 
Seminary would give Archbishop Mundelein a high place in the history of 
Chicago and entitle him to the lasting gratitude of its citizenship. 

But many more promises have either been realized or are in the way of 
fulfillment. When the Knights of Columbus of the Fourth Degree petitioned 
His Grace to honor them with his presence that they might express their 
fealty, he bestowed that favor and, as if in return, asked a favor of them — 
that they sponsor a worthy institution for the reclamation of wayward boys. 



Page hundred-ten ' Dmmond Jubilee 

The Knights gallantly accepted the work assigned them and although inter- 
rupted by the several disturbed years during the war, have the work well in 
hand. 

In like manner the women of the Women's Catholic Order of Foresters, 
begged their bishop to be their guest that they, too, might express their fealty. 
In granting the request, His Grace made another of them — that they sponsor 
a work which would provide clubs and other valuable advantages for work- 
ing girls. This work was graciously assumed and for some years such girls' 
clubs have been open and have served the needs of many working girls in 
the loop district. 

His Grace next turned his attention to the problem of providing edu- 
cation for the children in the poorer districts and especially for the children 
of Italian parents. How much has been accomplished in this regard may be 
judged from the numerous recitals of schools opened for such children. In- 
deed, the accomplishments in this respect when grouped in a single statement 
would show most surprising results. 

The new archbishop seemed alive to every need. His predecessors had 
indeed worked wonders as against the difficulties in a fast growing city under 
the circumstances of the times, but there were still many needs and Arch- 
bishop Mundelein was anxious to meet them. It was not to be wondered at, 
therefore, that he noted the need for some care for unemployed men — some 
means of tiding them over until better days, — in short, help for the down- 
and-outs. He, therefore, set about securing a home for people of this class 
and has admirably filled the need in the home established at 641 West Ran- 
dolph St., under the Mission of the Holy Cross. At this home clean, com- 
fortable beds, hot and cold shower baths, access to all leading newspapers and 
magazines, clean linen, ventilated lockers and piano and music in the recrea- 
tion room are furnished gratis; also board and lodging to those who are start- 
ing to work, clothes for those in need, a chapel for the Catholics and such 
other attention as individual cases require; employment is secured for those 
who are out of work and in a general way an opportunity is given to begin 
over. In the first two years of the existence of the Home (1917-1918) sev- 
enty-six thousand seven hundred and forty-five lodgings were furnished; 
employment was secured for one thousand five hundred and fifty-one and) 
thirteen thousand two hundred and twenty-one meals were furnished free; 
eighty-two sick persons were sent to the hospitals for free treatment and the 
average daily attendance at the Home was one hundred and five. Such is the 
Holy Cross Mission — one of the earliest works of Archbishop Mundelein. 

Following in the order in which the several new projects were an- 
nounced, Rosary College was next proposed. Early in October, 1916, when 
His Grace was a guest of the Catholic Women's League he introduced the 
plan for a Catholic women's college and expressed his wish that the women 
become its supporters, advertisers and developers. On this occasion the 
archbishop apprised his audience that within a short time one of the great 
Catholic colleges for women in the United States with all its staff of teachers 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred-eleven 

and its entire equipment would move into Chicago so as to give all Catholic 
women a chance to obtain higher Catholic education right here at home — "the 
ground has been broken and soon a number of buildings must be erected." 
His Grace suggested that Chicago would have reason to be as proud of such 
an institution as Washington is of Trinity College. The war, of course, in- 
terfered with this work as it did with almost everything else, but Rosary 
House was soon established at River Forest and the Dominican Sisters, under 
the direction of the archbishop perfected an organization of women with 
Mrs. Edward Hines at its head that set about arrangements for the new 
Rosary College for which ground has already been broken. Rosary College 
may now be considered an established fact and one of the great institutions 
of the Chicago Diocese. 

The next great movement inaugurated by Archbishop Mundelein was 
the "Big Brother" work of the Holy Name Society. It may truthfully be said 
that under His Grace's direction the Holy Name Society itself was revivified. 
Most of the church societies for men have been merged into the Holy Nanie 
Society and that fraternity has been built up into a strong, enthusiastic 
brotherhood with more than one hundred thousand members in the diocese. 
The special work assigned to the Holy Name Society as above suggested was 
the "Big Brother" work. Right Reverend Alexander J. McGavick was 
placed in direct charge of the movement. The plan contemplates the exist- 
ence of a chapter of the Holy Nam'e Society in every parish. A representa- 
tive of the Holy Name Society is stationed in the Boys' Court when Catholic 
boys are arraigned in court, and when, as is quite usual, paroled, the court 
is requested to parol them to the officers of the branch of the Society in whose 
parish the boy belongs, and these officers are called upon to assume responsi- 
bility for the boy's good behavior. Upon the establishment of this work, His 
Grace said : "I do not believe in confinement for boy offenders. Between the 
ages of fifteen to nineteen boys are most susceptible to the influence of older 
offenders." By this means the boys will be accounted for, and the man m 
charge of the central offices, by means of his records, can keep track of every 
boy paroled to the local societies. 

This work was inaugurated January 1, 1917, and the first report shows 
that during the year ending March 1, 1919, more than four thousand boys 
passed through the courts and came under the care of the Holy Name Society. 
Of that number one thousand seven hundred and one were appointed to "big 
brothers;" five thousand five hundred and sixty-seven positions were secured 
for those out of employment; of three hundred and thirty-seven reported to 
the representatives of the Holy Name Society in court, one hundred and 
twenty-three were sent to their pastors to take the pledge and one hundred 
and fifty-six incorrigible boys were brought to the office by the parents, where 
advice and direction were given them. It may be said that the work has been 
more extensive since that time, and is really a monument to the solicitude of 
the archbishop and the zeal of the men who are discharging the duties imposed 
upon them. 



Page huudred-twelve Diamond Jubilee 

In the last month of the first year of the archbishop's administration, 
His Grace gave to the pastors and people a letter regarding catechetical in- 
struction, which has proved of great satisfaction to the faithful who cling to 
the virtues of the spoken word. There was a tendency to confine elemental 
teachings to children and youths, and His Grace directed attention to the fact 
that such teachings were valuable to adults. In his letter to the clergy he 
said : "As the years pass by and we grow older we are apt to forget some of 
those great truths taught us in childhood unless they are sometimes recalled 
to our minds. The remembrance of God's laws, first published on Sinai's 
Mount, may become faint unless they are restored for us occasionally. The 
penalties for their transgression may become less terrifying and less effective 
unless we are reminded of them from time to time." His Grace states how 
this may be done: "Now all this is best accomifDlished by frequent, short, 
doctrinal discourses, called catechetical instructions. In order, therefore, to 
bring about a better understanding of the truths of our holy faith, to pro- 
mote the greater spiritual good of our people, to fulfill in a uniform, prac- 
tical and efficient manner the mission of our clergy as teachers, we propose to 
institute a regular course of catechetical instructions, so arranged throughout 
the year according to time and manner that the same 'doctrine of our faith 
will be explained on the same Sunday in every church of our diocese." 

This arrangement was inaugurated on the first Sunday in Advent of 
1916, and has proved of great interest, and, no doubt, of great spiritual value 
throughout the diocese. 

Catholic Charities. 

In January of the second year of Archbishop Mundelein's administra- 
tion he began the serious investigation of the charity problem, and first build- 
ing up the St. Vincent de Paul Society, he eventually launched what may be 
the greatest work of his lifetime. The Associated Catholic Charities of Chi- 
cago. The record of this stupendous movement will undoubtedly constitute 
one of the most interesting pages in the history of the Catholic Church in 
Chicago. 

The burden of Catholic charities was carried by the St. Vincent de Paul 
Society and the other individual Catholic charitable organizations and insti- 
tutions during the year 1917, which was a very trying one, and it became 
apparent on all sides that something different must be devised. How the As- 
sociated Catholic Charities was brought about is a very interesting story. 

Wishing to lend every assistance practicable to the Most Reverend Arch- 
bishop in his heroic efforts to alleviate the suffering and ameliorate the con- 
dition of the widows and orphans, the feeble and infirm, the weak and falter- 
ing, the abandoned and cast-off, a group of Catholic, laymen addressed to His 
Grace the following letter : 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred-thirteen 

"Chicago, March 17, 1917. 
"The Most Reverend George W. Mundelein, 
"1555 North State Street, City. 

"Most Reverend and Dear Archbishop: — 

"At a meeting of the undersigned committee, held at the Chicago Athletic Club, 
March 10, the following resolution was adopted: That His Grace, Archbishop Munde- 
lein, at the request of this committee, kindly ask the pastors of the city parishes to send 
at once to Father Rice, spiritual director of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul, the name 
of one representative Catholic lajTuan of their parish. 

"This gentleman will be invited to attend an informal dinner at one of the down- 
town hotels on or about April 10, as a guest of this committee, for the purpose of 
formulating a campaign for the extension of the activities of the Central Office of the 
St. Vincent de Paul Society. No contributions will be asked. ' ' 

Edward A. Cudahy G. P. Gilman Richmond Dean 

Jesse Spalding Dennis F. Kelly Harry J. Powers 

George J. Cooke R. J. Collins Very Rev. Msgr. E. A. 

Richard A. Cavanaugh L. J. Ferguson Kelly 

William H. Hill Edward Hines Thos. F. Keeley 

William A. Amberg Michael W. Murphy Andrew J. Ryan 

Edward 'Callaghan John L. Fortune ' John P. Hopkins 

Edward N. Hurlev Dr. R. J. Tivnen Rev. E. F. Rice 

Edward F. Carry' Roger C. Sullivan Joseph W. Cremin, 

William J. McCartney John P. McGoorty Chairman 

This request received the hearty approval of His Grace, who met the 
committee and the representatives from the different parishes on April 
10, 1917. 

This meeting was called for the purpose of extending the activities of 
the central office of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul, but after the recital of 
the difficulties constantly confronting the many charitable organizations in 
their efforts to obtain the funds necessary to carry on work, which could not 
be omitted, all were convinced that some remedy must be found. Hence, to 
provide the funds necessary to continue the operation of these agencies and 
institutions, and to relieve the generousones who freely ga veto every worthy 
cause from being over-burdened with appeals for assistance, it was determined 
to have a single agency for the collection of all funds. In doing this, it was 
hoped that the promiscuous begging, so annoying to the general public, would 
be eliminated, and the duplication, which so frequently follows where there is 
a lack of co-ordination and proper supervision, avoided. 

During the year the plan was perfected, and on January 21, 1918, a 
charter for the Associated Catholic Charities of Chicago was obtained from 
the State of Illinois. On May 3, of the same year, officers and directors were 
elected. 

All Catholics in the Archdiocese of Chicago were invited to become mem- 
bers of the Associated Catholic Charities, and to contribute such sums as their 
financial condition warranted, with the understanding that a yearly contri- 
bution to the Associated Catholic Charities would exempt them from making 
other donations to Catholic charities for one year. 

It was thus that the charitable work of Catholics in the Chicago Dio- 
cese was consolidated and put upon a stable basis. 



Page htindred-fourteen Diamond Jubilee 

In his first address before the annual meeting of the Associated Cath- 
olic Charities, on Monday, April 14. 1919, His Grace detailed the work of the 
organization, and amongst other things gave his reasons for taking so deep 
an interest in the work. 

"Now, gentlemen," said His Grace, "I might very readily comfort my- 
self with the reflection that the Church of Chicago is a big enough job for one 
man to care for, that I would be fulfilling my duty by looking after just the 
ordinary routine of my oflfice, as so many others are doing, and let the city 
take care of itself. But I feel that within me and behind me there is a force 
and energy that can do more for its welfare than any organized reform move- 
ment, than any combination or party of men, and that is the beneficent influ- 
ence of the Catholic Church. Moreover, I confess I have an ambition, not to 
be a world power or a figure in history, not to build a wonderful Cathedral or 
found a great seat of learning; — just this, I hope I may live to see the day 
when we can say that no cry of distress arose anywhere in this big city from 
any of our Catholic people that we did not do our best to still, that no one in 
want of charity, or counsel, of religion, was turned from our doors." 

This address is made memorable by His Grace's reference to Bolshev- 
ism, one of the strongest pronouncements upon that subject in all the liter- 
ature of the time. "We hear a great deal now-a-days about Bolshevism," 
said His Grace. "The newspapers are speculating whether it will reach us 
here — the wealthy are concerned whether the poor class will rise. The arch- 
bishop even has been asked whether he would discuss the question. Gentle- 
men, Bolshevism is not a contagious disease. The germs may be in the air, 
they are even in peace-time, but unless there is a predisposition, unless the 
soil, the minds and hearts of a people are 'disposed for violence, unless there 
be valid reasons, it won't take. There must be oppression, there must be un- 
fairness, there must have been suffering beforehand. In Russia the poor 
man was like dirt underfoot ; in Germany there had been want, there had been 
starvation among a people previously well-fed — moreover they had lost, and 
almost invariably a conquered people revolts and looks for some man or some 
class to punish in their anger. Bolsheviki means the majority, and the ma^ 
jority are always the poor. And so, if the American business man will learn 
a lesson to treat his workmen fairly and justly, and not simply like a part of 
his machinery; if the intelligent, the educated, and the righteous men will not 
try to forcibly reform and regulate the rest of the population by the restric- 
tion of the ballot or by legislation in which they have had no say ; if, more than 
all el.se, all of us will have some concern for those in distress, help the poor, 
shelter the children, provide for the sick, take an interest even in the erring, 
make a personal sacrifice which others can see to accomplish this, then the 
Bolshevism of Central Europe will have as much chance here as the tubercular 
germ in a healthy, well-nourished body." 

This is not the place to detail the workings of the Associated Charities. 
It should be said, however, that an apparently natural outgrowth of the or- 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hiuidred- fifteen 

ganization is the Misericordia Maternity and Infants' Hospital. In the same 
address His Grace announced that he had purchased property on Forty-sev- 
enth Street, between California and Mozart, and that the plans had been 
drawn for the erection of such a hospital. When completed the hospital will 
be under the direction of the Sisters of Mercy, not to be conducted as a de- 
partment of Mercy Hospital, but entirely independent thereof. The pro- 
posed cost of the present improvement is one hundred thousand dollars, and 
the construction is to be a part of the work of the Associated Catholic Char- 
ities of Chicago. 

It was at a meeting under the auspices of the Associated Catholic 
Charities, held on April 6, 1917, that the Catholics of the Chicago Diocese 
were pledged, through their spiritual leader, to the United States government 
for the purposes of the war. The twenty-five tongues that are spoken by the 
Catholics of Chicago were represented at this meeting. It was before these 
irten that the archbishop arose and in their name and in the name of the mil- 
lions that they represent, gave the pledge of definite and concrete help to the 
government in the hour of national peril. The archbishop spoke simply and 
forcibly, rejecting all literary subterfuges to create an impression, yet words 
were never spoken that stirred hearts more deeply than those His Grace uttered. 
Each time the archbishop told a new way in which he and his people would 
support the government, the men commenced a new demonstration, proving 
that His Grace was indeed voicing their sentiments. 

Details of this great charity organization would be out of place here, 
but the issuance of a six-hundred page book in 1918 as the first report of the 
Associated Catholic Charities of Chicago is an historic event eminently worthy 
of record 

A summary of the report for 1919 reads as follows: 

During the past year 2,700 orphans and children were cared for in the training 
schools and industrial schools ; 320 persons received medical care in tlie hospitals ; 700 
pei'sons received temporar}- care in St. Joseph's Home for the Friendless ; 510 girls were 
sheltered at the House of the Good Shepherd ; 104 girls were taught at Illinois Technical 
School for Colored Girls; 157 girls were cared for at St. Margaret's Home and Matern- 
ity Hospital ; 226 deaf children received instruction at the Ephpheta School ; 1,076 chil- 
dren were provided for daily in the day nurseries ; 115 men at the Mission of the Holy 
Cross; 50 women at St. Elizabeth's Business Woman's Club; 70 children at Guardian 
Angel Center; 4,641 persons received assistance through the Society of St. Vincent de 
Paul, and 17,715 persons received assistance whei-e there was na relief society in the par- 
ish. — Adapted from the March issue of The Charity Watchman. 

In the War Period. 

By this time the country is plunged in the depths of war, and His Grace 
without hesitation throws himself into all of the patriotic movements of the 
day. One of the greatest welfare agencies in existence, interesting itself in 
war welfare work, was the Red Cross. A representative of that institution 
having appealed to the archbishop, His Grace replied as follows: 



Page hundred-sixteen Diamond Jubilee 

•'Archdiocese of Chicago, 
'■ Chancery Office, 
•'740 Cixss St. Chicago, 111., April 30, 1917. 

'•Mr. Charles H. "VTacker, Chairman, 

"Citizens Committee, American Red Cross, 
"529 Monroe Building, Chicago. 

"My Dear Mr. "Wacker: — 

"I beg to inform yon herewith of my acceptance of membership in the American 
Red Cross Society, Chicago Chapter, as requested by you. I have accepted appointment 
but to very few committees during my time in this city, but I feel that it would be a 
neglect of civic duty if I did not associate myself with the Red Cross Society, partic- 
tilarly at this time. In a time of national crisis, every citizen must be ready to do his 
share, either to serve the country or to help relieve those who must serve in the field, 
for that is an obligation that is laid upon us bj' reason of the many benefits we have 
received in this wonderful countrj- of which we are citizens. 

"I shall be glad, therefore, to co-operate with you and to instruct and direct others 
under me tb co-operate with the work of the Red Cross, particularly in the line of bring- 
ing relief to the families of those who serve in the army and navy, or those who may 
return wounded or disabled from the battle-field. At the same time I wish you and those 
who work with you every success in your most laudable endeavor to place Chicago at the 
head of the American cities, for I am sure that you will find that our city will rise to the 
occasion, for Chicago, if she is anything, is certainly patriotic. 

"I beg to remain, my dear Mr. Wacker, sincerely yours, 

(Signed) "GEORGE W. MUNDELEIN, 

"Archbishop of Chicago." 

Within the month the Liberty Bonds were put on sale, and in answer to 
an appeal from the chairman of the Liberty Loan Committee, His Grace 
wrote the following letter : 

"Archdiocese of Chicago, 
"Chancery Office, 
"740 Cass St. "Chicago, 111., May 29, 1917. 

"Mr. Charles W. Folds, Chairman, 
"Liberty Loan Committee. 

"208 South La Salle St., Chicago. 
"My Dear Sir: — 

"Mr. Richmond Dean called on me yesterday in order to learn what, if any, meas- 
ures could be taken to enlist the sympathies of the Catholic clergy in bringing before 
their congregations tlie desirability of investing in the new Liberty Loan by the members 
of their congregations. At the conclusion of my conversation with him, he asked me if I 
would not kindly embody in a short letter the information that I had given him. 

"I told him that we were prepared not only to speak well of the new Liberty Loan, 
but that I felt that the Catholic Church here in Chicago owed a much more active co- 
operation with the government under the present circumstances than the mere adver- 
ti.sement from the pulpit that they could give in this matter. In consequence, at a meet- 
ing of the clergy of the diocese, held here today, I informed them that the archbishop 
him.self would take a large block of the 'bonds, and would at once subscribe for ten 
thousand dollars' worth of bonds as the fir.st installment. Secondly, there are three 
hundred and fifty parishes in this diocese, and the pastor of each imrish was instructed 
to invest at least one hundred dollars or more of the |)arisli money in the new loan, so 
that everj' Catholic parish in Chicago, no matter what the nationality may be, would take 
an active co-operation in the floating of this new war loan. They were instructed, if 
any parish wa« m poor that it did not have a hundred dollar fund, the priest was to 
kjrrow that amount, and if later on it was found necessary to dispose of the bonds at any 
time, that the archbishop would take them up and pay for them at the same price at 
which they had been procured. Thirdly, in order to encourage the helping of the nation 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred-seventeen 

at the present time, as well as the giving in charity it was announced that the arch- 
bishop -would accept donations for diocesan charities or religious purposes, such as, for 
instance, scholarships to the Preparatoi-y Seminary, in the form of the Liberty Bonds in 
preference to cash, and that he would accept the bonds at a figure of 102, remitting to 
the donor or placing to his credit, twenty dollars for every one thousand dollars given in 
this form. Every pastor was furnished with a blank form of application, which he was 
to fill out and deposit with the bank that he does business with, any time within the next 
week or ten days. 

"I might add that the purpose is in order to show the people of Chicago, and espec- 
ially our Catholic people, that the Church feels it a positive duty at this time to aid the 
nation in every way that it possibly can in return for the peace and the liberty that the 
Church has always enjoyed in these United States. And I say this in no spirit of boast- 
ing, but simply in order to carry out the pledges that I made when our nation first 
entered this war, that we will lend every aid, every encouragement and every assistance 
to our country at a time when our country needs us. 

"I beg to remain, very truly j'ours, 

(Signed) "GEORGE W. MUNDELEIN, 

"Archbishop of Chicago." 

The Illinois Catholic Historical Socety. 

The year 1918 marked the hundredth anniversary of the admission of 
the State of Illinois into the Union of States, and most naturally the legislature 
of the state provided for the observance of the anniversary. Naturally, too, 
the occurrence of the centenary brought into retrospect the history of the 
state, no part of which might be considered independent of the history of the 
Church within the state. Alive to these conditions. Archbishop Mundelein en- 
couraged the creation of an organization that would have for its special object 
the collection, preservation and publication of historical documents and data 
bearing upon the Church. 

Accordingly in the year 1918, the Illinois Catholic Historical Society 
was organized with His Grace as first honorary president, and the four suf- 
fragan bishops of the state as associate presidents. 

The first work of the Illinois Catholic Historical Society was the launch- 
ing of a quarterly magazine. The Illinois Catholic Historical Review, which 
at once took rank with the leading historical publications of the country. 

The first public meeting of the Illinois Catholic Historical Society was 
also the first public meeting in the assembly hall of the Quigley Memorial 
Seminary, held there at the suggestion of His Grace, the Archbishop, as the 
semi-dedicatory meeting of that auditorium. The meeting was held on De- 
cember 3, 1918, in observance of the date December 3, 1818, upon which Con- 
gress by law admitted Illinois to fellowship in the union of states. 

On that occasion His Grace made a significant address, which disclosed 
his deep interest in history and his purpose to attach due importance to the 
matter of history. After some introductory remarks His Grace said : "Now 
this meeting here tonight in this as yet unfinished auditorium, may be re- 
garded as a sort of informal dedication of this part of the building. Many a 
celebrated gathering will convene here in this room; often will the clergy 
come to their conference to be addressed here by eminent ecclesiastics and 
famous men, but you have the distinction of having occupied it for the first 



Page Juoidred-eighteen . Diamond Jubilee 

time, and the chronicles will record that the Illinois Catholic Historical Soci- 
ety was the first to make use of this cheerful, comfortable and artistic audi- 
torium, of which I am quite proud, and convened here for their first public 
meeting. And in these last few words you have the final reason why this 
occasion is a memorable one. It has taken us seventy-five years before we suc- 
ceeded in getting together a Historical Society. The old saying is true enough 
'it's better late than never,' and I trust that it will be many times seventy- 
five years old before it goes out of existence. I do not think it needs any 
argument to convince anyone of the desirability of such a society and its work. 
But if argument is needed, why you need only go back to the most con- 
\ancing of all proofs. Holy Writ. After all, the larger portions of the Books 
of Moses are given over to the histcry of the chosen people, and I doubt 
whether the entire Jewish people counted up as big as the Catholic popula- 
tion of Illinois. When the inspired writers of the New Testament were 
chronicling the words and deeds of the Savior, they did not finish until they 
had written a history of the first Christians in the two generations after Christ 
in the Acts of the Apostles. Now, when in the ordination of a subdeacon the 
bishop comes to the admonition he ends it up with about these words: 'If until 
now you were careless in Church, henceforth you must be devoted; if, until 
now you have been somnolent, from now on you must be awake.' I might say 
the same thing to the Catholic men and women, and the clergy, too, of Illinois. 
We have practically no records to show of the past three quarters of a cen- 
tury. Our history is entirely unwritten. Until now we have lived in the 
brick and mortar stage. I have often said our progress has been entirely 
parochial. From now on we must be more united in our work, less paroch- 
ial, less diocesan even, rather state-wide, even national in our activities. The 
priest or lajnnan who thinks that the world ends at the parish limits is not 
far-sighted. 

"We must make up for the neglect of the past — we must begin to gather, 
if even in fragments, some of the history of the years that are gone. We have 
now a building, in which to store our historical documents, the library here is 
a fitting and safe casket to hold them. We have this society just founded to 
study them — to gather them, and with their magazine to give out the results 
of their study to the world outside, and to posterity. And this publication is 
one we can be proud of. It is gotten up in an attractive form, and its con- 
tents are interesting and instructive. I have been complimented on it, and 
have heard it praised in many quarters from the Atlantic to the Pacific. It 
would be a pity to ever have its work discontinued for lack of support. The 
society should receive encouragement from every source, and all who pos- 
sibly can should enroll in its membership and especially in its life member- 
ship to .safeguard the continuance of this work. I have seen movements of 
this kind begin, and I have seen them fail, and the reason was generally lack 
of financial encouragement. Your system of life membership appeals to me 
as the best I have come across to make your work lasting, to insure its success. 
I need not add that your work has not only my blessing, it has also my encour- 
agement. It has every aid I can give it." 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hiiudred-nineteen 

Progress of the War. 

The war work still went on. Indeed from the very moment of the declar- 
ation of hostilities His Grace embraced every opportunity of appropriately 
serving his country. He was amongst the signers of the notable address of 
the American Hierarchy, adopted at a meeting of the prelates in Washing- 
ton, D. C, twelve days after Congress, upon the recommendation of the Pres- 
ident, declared a state of war with Germany existing. This was one of the 
most notable papers in connection with the war, and certainly deserves to be 
preserved in history. The address was adopted on April 18, 1917, and read 
as follows: 

"Standing- firmly upon our solid Catholic tradition and history from the very 
foundation of this nation, we reaffirm in this hour of stress and trial our most sacred 
and sincere loyalty and patriotism toward our country, our government and our flag. 

"Moved to the vQj-y depths of our hearts by the stirring appeal of the President 
of the United States, and by the action of our national Congress, we accept whole-heart- 
edly and unreservedly the decree of the legislative authority proclaiming this country 
to be in a, state of war. 

"Acknowledging gladly the gratitude we have always felt for the protection of our 
spiritual liberty and the freedom of our Catholic institutions under the flag, we pledge 
our devotion and our strength in the maintenance of our country's glorious leadership 
in those possessions and principles which have been America's proudest boast. 

"Inspired neither by hate nor fear, but by the hol.y sentiments of truest patriotic 
fervor and zeal, we stand ready, we and all the flock committed to our keeping, to co- 
operate in every way possible with our President and our national government to the 
end that the gi'cat and holy cause of liberty may triumph, and that our beloved country 
may emerge from this hour of test stronger and nobler than ever. 

"Our people, now, as ever, will rise as one man to serve the nation. Our priests 
and consecrated women will once again, as in every former trial of our country, win, by 
their bravery, their heroism and their service, new admiration and approval. 

"We are all true Americans, ready as our age, our ability and our condition per- 
mit, to do whatever is in us to do for the preservation, the progress and the triumph of 
our beloved country. " " ' 

The letter was signed by Cardinal James Gibbons, Archbishops John 
Ireland, John J. Glennon, Sebastian G. Messmer, Henry Moeller, Edward J. 
Hanna and George W. Mundelein. 

Even before this declaration was prom^ulgated the archbishop had, on 
the 7th of April, 1917, the next day after the declaration of hostilities, 
pledged the undivided and unified loyalty and support of the nine hundred 
priests and one million Catholics in his archdiocese to the country and flag. He 
declared that priests. Sisters of Charity, and the young men of his charge 
would enlist in the nation's service, and that every Catholic hospital with its 
equipment and service was at the service of the government. In part the 
archbishop said: ' 

"For a long time we nourished the hope and persisted in the prayer that we, as a 
people, might be saved from taking part in this world tragedy, but Providence has or- 
dained differently. 

"Now that it has begun none of lis can tell how long it will last, what the cost 
in human life may be, and what sacrifices all of us nmst make. But one thing is certain 
— and I speak for myself, nine hundred priests and one million Catholics — the moment 
the President of the United States affixed his signature to the resolutions of Co-ngress, 



Page hundred twenty Diamond Jubilee 

all differences of opinion ceased ; we stand seriously, solidly, and loyally behind him. 

"And so, in this hour of crisis, I pledge the loyalty of our Catholic people to our 
flag. In the present and in the future, even as in the past, when our country needs us 
we will be there to do our share — and even more." 

To dwell upon the details of the archbishop's part in the war is unneces- 
sary here. It may be said, however, that in each of the movements, whether 
for the Red Cross, the Knights of Columbus, the United Welfare organizations, 
the Jewish Welfare, the sale of Liberty Bonds and War Savings Stamps, His 
Grace took a prominent position and exercised a most powerful influence. In- 
deed, everj'' agency of the Church was transformed into an agency of the war. 
In the lobbies and corridors of every Catholic Church in the archdiocese, sub- 
scriptions were taken for membership in the Red Cross, for Liberty Bonds and 
for the several drives, and at many of the most important of the meetings, His 
Grace appeared and lent his presence and his eloquence to the effort. 

Much favorable comment resulted from an invocation by His Grace. 
At one of the largest of the demonstrations held in the Auditorium, where ad- 
dresses were made by Governor Frank 0. Lowden, Clarence Darrow, Con- 
gressman Henry T. Rainey, Harold L. Ickes and Samuel Insull, the archbishop 
spoke the following invocation : 

"Almighty Eternal God, Who dost guide our destiny and hold the universe in Thy 
hand, do Thou look down on us this day and hear our praj-er; bless and protect our be- 
loved country, which has been for countless thousands a haven of refuge and a shelter 
in adversity; keep it ever the land of the brave, even as it is now the home of the free; 
bless this our nation, which Thou has formed from the flesh and blood of many nations 
and tribes and peoples; make us ever worthy of the blessings Thou has showered upon 
US; keep us united as a people, loyal to our flag, devoted to our country and our coun- 
try's cause, mindful of those ideals of freedom and democracy on which our fathers have 
built this Republic and which have made this nation great, and in this, the hoiir of our 
country's trial, from a spirit of bitterness and the traitorous tongue, deliver us, Lord; 
bless and guide our President in these troublous days when his burden has become so 
heavy, give him the light to see the right and the courage to do it; bless these, Thy 
children, who stand here bowed before Thee, for they have placed on the altar of their 
country their nearest and dearest, not gold or treasures, but bone of their bone and flesh 
of their flesh, their sons who wear their country's uniform and are enrolled in our army 
and navy; heal the wounds that the parting has caused, repay them the sacrifices they 
have made, have their children ever in Thy keeping here and hereafter ; bless our army 
and navy, give victory to our arms, and make that peace that will crown our efforts be 
la-sting, glorious and forever pleasing in Thy sight through Christ, Our Lord. Amen." 

To the very end of the war and especially in the worthy work of recon- 
struction since the cessation of hostilities, His Grace exercised every proper 
influence and embraced every worthy opportunity to bring to bear his own in- 
fluence and that of the Church for the good of his country and the welfare of 
humanity. 

Glancing over the four years of the record made by Most Reverend 
George William Mundelein as Archbishop of Chicago, there are, besides those 
greater movements already detailed, many works that in comparison might be 
classed as of minor importance, but which are nevertheless of great signific- 
ance. The plan, for instance, inaugurated by the archbishop of paying chil- 
dren and youths in dependent institutions for their labor in the various 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred twenty-one 

branches in which they are being taught, and opening bank accounts for them 
that they may have funds to depend upon when they are qualified to leave the 
institutions, is a noble thought, and as the records show, is being nobly 
executed. 

Again, the development of vocational training in the several institu- 
tions has been such as to fit the inmates for a highly respectable and inde- 
pendent place in life. To instance one case : the printing and publishing de- 
partment at St. Mary's Training School in Desplaines has been arranged and 
equipped by His Grace in such a manner that it is scarcely second to any 
printing and publishing house in Chicago. Other institutions are similarly 
equipped with departments for the highest training in industrial vocations. 

The Greater University. 

Although His Grace's heart is in everything that he undertakes, yet to 
the onlooker it is plain that his chief hopes are centered in education. The de- 
velopment of the parochial schools, the establishment of Rosary College, the 
foundation of the Bishop Quarter school for little boys, the building and open- 
ing of the Quigley Memorial Seminary, all lead up to the master work of his 
life-time — the creation of the Mundelein Seminary. 

In speaking of this projected seat of learning when its establishment 
was first announced, one of the daily papers said: "Archbishop Mundelein's 
plan to build within the Archdiocese of Chicago the largest Catholic Univers- 
ity in the United States is far from surprising. It is but a timely recognition 
of the power, the wealth and the zeal for education of the Catholic portion of 
the population of this second city of America and its environs. 

"Some critics will say, of course, that institutions of learning founded 
by religious bodies are not, strictly speaking, in conformity with the Amer- 
ican spirit of education. In so saying such critics are singularly blind to the 
genesis of most everyone of America's leading colleges and universities except 
state institutions. Harvard was founded by a religious body — so was Yale, 
so were practically all the other great eastern universities and very many in 
the west. Coming nearer home we find the same principle governing the birth 
of Chicago's two principal secular universities — Northwestern and Chicago. 
The University of Chicago was founded by Baptists, and the Northwestern 
University at Evanston was founded by Methodists . 

"It is logical that this city should be the center of a cordon of institu- 
tions of learning in all branches, liberal as well as technical It is to the 

glory of religious bodies, representing all varieties of creeds, that they plant 
the seeds of higher education and nourish its first weakling steps even where 
sacrifice is necessary. Every new university in the American Republic helps 
to make democracy safe." 

The great university will be on the shore of Lake Area, near Liberty- 
ville. The ground covers a tract of three hundred acres. The lands were 
bought before the war, but building operations were not commenced. The 
courses of study have received much attention, and His Grace has sent instruc- 



Page hundred hcenty-hvo Diamond Jubilee 

tors to various seats of learning for special preparation for the university. 
The plans are in a forward state, and soon work will begin upon the buildings. 

The last move on behalf of the Mundelein University is a drive amongst 
the priests of the diocese for funds to erect one of the principal buildings. 
This drive, by the same token, results from an interesting characteristic in 
the archbishop. The twenty-fifth anniversary of his ordination to the priest- 
hood and the seventy-fifth anniversary of the establishment of the Chicago 
Diocese coinciding, it was proposed to observe jointly these anniversaries, and 
in accordance with the universal custom to present His Grace with a liberal 
purse on behalf of the clergy and laity. Being advised of the proposals. His 
Grace courteously declined pecuniary favors to himself, and requested that the 
clergy devote the offering they would have made to create a gift for him, to a 
fund' for the erection of one of the buildings of the new university. With 
similar generosity he requested that the offering which the laity might have 
been inclined to make for the creation of a purse would be converted into the 
funds of the Associated Catholic Charities that the work of that institution 
might be efficiently carried out. 

In this review of the work of Archbishop Mundelein chief attention has 
been given to the great new undertaking. It would be grievously wrong to 
leave the impression that the existing works and institutions of the diocese and 
the regular routine of diocesan work suffered in any sense. Indeed every 
work of his predecessors has been sustained and strengthened. No parish, 
no school, no benevolent institution — in fact, no feature of church work has 
either escaped his attention or stood long in need of the aid or counsel of the 
archbishop. 

To add to the fund being raised by the clergy for the greater university, 
a contribution by Mr. Edward Hines of five hundred thousand dollars has just 
been announced by His Grace, and a more detailed statement of the plans has 
been given. 

It is announced that the several institution for higher education will be 
coordinated and the new foundation will constitute the central seat. Each 
will be developed along the lines of its greatest usefulness and a single degree 
conferring power vested in the greater university. The archbishop is am- 
bitious to make the new foundation and its affiliated institutions second to no 
educational center of modern times. 

Laymen acquainted with important affairs and knowing something of 
the conduct of business, are astounded that a single individual can so success- 
fully direct so many and such important affairs. Embodying the biggest 
corporation in Illinois — almost the biggest in the world — the holder of more 
than fifty million dollars' worth of property, the head of an institution in 
which above a million are members or co-partners, with the right at all times 
to appeal directly, the Archbishop of Chicago conducts with surprising satis- 
faction the affairs of the Church, with the direct help of but a few able assist- 
ants, but, of cour.se, with the co-operation of all his priests and people. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred twenty-three 

If the record of these four crowded years can be taken as a criterion and 
His Grace shall be spared to his people for a reasonably extended administra- 
tion, the Chicago Diocese, Chicago, Illinois, the whole country, indeed, will be 
greatly his debtor. 

Besides the diocesan archives the fulloiring puhliratiutis have been drawn itpon for informa- 
tion relative to facts related refiardinq the life and labors in Chicat/o of Arehbisho/) Mundelein: 
The lirooklyn Eayle; The Broolilun Union; Tlie World Maijazine; Citizen {lirooldyn : ; Catholic News 
{Brooklyn); Times {Brooklyn); The Globe {New York ; The Tablet {New York; Ne7v York Journal; 
The Times {Detroit); The Herald {La Porte. Ind.) ; Arj/us {La Porte, Ind.^ ; Catholic Bulletin {St. 
Paul ; The Ledger {Philadelphia'' ; Our Sunday Visitor {indianapuUs, Jnd. ; Literary Diyest; Sacred 
Heart Record {Boston) ; Standard Opinion; South Betid News; The Christian Family (Tecliny) ; The 
Columbian {Chicago^; The Nea^ World {Chicago); Oak Leaves {Oak Park'; Peoria Transcript; La 
Salle Post: Jacksonville Journal; Joliet News; Kankakee News; Chicago Tribune; Chicago Daily 
News; Chicago Examiner; Chicago Herald; Chicago Evening Post; Chicago Arncrican; Chicago Journal. 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred twenty-five 

XIV. 

^astutrs al^^ ^Missionaries |Inor ta i\\t Erection 
of tlic (fll^icci^a pioccse 

S has already been seen, the Jesuits were the first clergy in Elinois. Rev. 

-Tames Marquette, S. J., was the founder of the Church and the predecessor 
af the noble self-sacrificing body of men who have spread and maintained the 

Jgospel of Christ according to the doctrines of the Catholic Church in what is 

jknown as the state of Illinois. 

During the Indian missionary period Father Marquette was succeeded 
by fellow-priests of his order, among whom were Father Claude Jean Allouez; Father Sebas- 
tien Rale ; Father Jacque Gravier ; Father Pierre Francois Pinet ; Father Julien Bineteau ; 
Father Pierre Gabriel Marest; Father Jean Mermet; Father Louis Marie de Ville; Father 
Jean Charles Guymoneau; Father Joseph Francois de Kereben; Father Jean Antoine le Boul- 
lenger ; Father Nicholas Ignace de Beaubois ; Father Jean Dumas ; Father Rene Tartarin ; 
Father Philibert "Watrin ; Father Btienne Doutreleau ; Father Alexis Xavier Guyenne ; Fath- 
er Louis Vivier ; Father Julian Joseph Fourre ; Father Jean Baptiste Aubert and Father Se- 
batien Louis Meurin. The eare of these missionaries extended from 1673 to 1777. 

During the same period fathers of the same order visited the territory and adminis- 
tered temporarily ; amongst whom may be named : Joseph de Limoges ; Pierre Francoise 
Xavier de Charlevoix; Francois Buisson; Michael Guignas; Paul du Poisson; Mathurin le 
Petit ; Jean Souel ; Michael Baudouin ; Jean Pierre Aulneau ; Pierre du Jaunay ; Antoine Senat ; 
Jean Baptiste de la Morinie ; Claude Joseph Virot ; Julien Devernai and Nicholas le Feb\Te. 

Missionaries Contemporary with the Jesuits 

Contemporary with the Jesuits, or, at least coming soon after the Jesuits began their 
ministrations, were the following priests and missionaries: In 1680 came Rev. Gabriel de la 
Ribourde, Rev. Zenobius Membre and Rev. Louis Hennepin, all recollects. 

In 1684 came Abbe Jean Cavelier, Sulpician, and Rev. Anastasius Douay, recollect. 

In 1699 Rev. Francois Jolliet Montigny; Rev. Francois Buisson de Saint Cosme and Rev. 
Anthony Davion, all priests from the Seminary of Foreign Missions in Canada, came. Father 
Saint Cosme remained and established the foundation of the Fathers of the Foreign Missions 
at Cahokia. He was succeeded by Rev. John Bergier; Rev. Dominic Mary Varlet; Rev. Dom- 
inic Anthony Thaumur de la Source ; Rev. John le Mereier ; Rev. G. Galvarin ; Rev. Joseph 
Courrier ; Rev. Joseph Gaston ; Abbe Joseph Gagnon ; Abbe Nicholas Laurenz, and Rev. Fran- 
cois Forget Duverger, all priests of the Seminary of Foreign Missions. Their ministrations 
in Cahokia extended to the year 1763. 

The Martyr Missionaries. 

Amongst these early priests there were several who would apparently qualify as martyrs, 
and without including those who had literally worn their lives out in the service, like Father 
Marquette and Father Sebastien Louis Meurin, there were at least six who suffered violent 
deaths at the hands of the savages. 

The first to give up his life on the soil of Illinois for the faith was the aged and gentle 
Superior of the Recollects, the Reverend Gabriel de le Ribourde. Father Ribourde was of 
gentle birth of a wealthy family, and being nearly eighty years of age was in a position to 
have retired and spend the evening of his life in ease, but instead chose the Indian missions 
of America, and coming here with La Salle on his first voyage to Illinois, he remained with 
Father Zenobius Membre, another Recollect, at Peoria, for four or five mouths in the j'ear 1680. 



Page hundred twenty-six Diamond Jubilee 

The Illinois Indians, having been routed by the Iroquois, Henry de Touty, Father Membre 
and Father Ribourde found it necessaiy to abandon the Illinois River for the time being. 
In May, 16S0, they embarked in a canoe to paddle up the river, and the canoe needing repairs 
they landed on May 19. 16S0. about eighteen miles or twenty miles above Starved Rock, not 
far from -n-hat is now Morris. While Tonty and Father Membre were attempting to repair 
the canoe. Father Ribourde wandered off from the river bank, reading his breviary, and was 
set upon by a baud of Kiekapoo Indians and killed. 

Although Father ilembre escaped death on this occasion, it was only to perish in 1687 
at the hands of hostile Indians in the settlement which La Salle founded in Texas. 

Next in order of the martyrs was Reverend Francis Buisson de Saint Cosme of the Fath- 
ers of the Seminary for Foreign Missions. After serving in the Holy Family Mission at 
Cahokia for a short time Father St. Cosme removed to the south and was waylaid by Indians 
along the Mississippi and killed in 1706. 

The next of the missionaries to suffer death at the hands of the Indians was Rev. James 
Gravier, S. J. Father Gravier had been Vicar-General of the Illinois missions, and labored 
for nine years in the vicinity of Peoria. During the course of his missionary work a liber- 
tine Indian who rebelled against church discipline and who being overcome by Father 
Gravier "s influence, organized an opposition, and when the opportunity presented he and his 
band attacked Father Gravier, wounded him several times, and shot an arrow into his arm 
which could not be removed, but caused his death after much suffering in 1708. 

Father Sebastien Rale, S. J., was another of the early missionaries who suffered a vio- 
lent death for the faith. His tragic death in the Abenaki Mission, where he had served so 
faithfully and successfully for thirty years after he left the Illinois, is one of the saddest 
chapters in American history. The gifted missionary became a pawn of war and a victim 
of the English in their fight for supremacy over the French. Under the pretext that Father 
Rale prevented the Abenaki Indians from joining the British in their wars, he was con- 
demned to death by the British authorities, and several attempts were made to take his life. 
A price of one thousand pounds sterling was put upon his head. At length, in August, 1724, 
eleven thousand British and Indian troops attacked the Abenaki village, where Father Rale 
was staying, with the purpose of his capture. Father Rale, knowing tha,t he alone was the 
object of their search, would not permit the fifty defenders of the village to be shot down in 
his defense, though they were most willing to die for him. He, therefore, discovered himself 
to the invaders. He was not mistaken. A loud shout greeted his appearance. The man 
they had so often failed to find was before them. Their muskets covered him and he fell, 
riddled with bullets, at the foot of the cross which he had planted in the center of the village. 
They crushed in his skull with hatchets again and again, filled his eyes and mouth with filth, 
tore off his scalp, which they sold afterwards at Boston, and stripped his body of its sou- 
tane, but as it was too ragged to keep, they flung it back on the corpse. The murder of 
Father Rale was in part the fruit of Puritan bigotry, and was indeed gloried in as the "sin- 
gular work of God." However, there has been a great change in sentiment, and the grave 
of Father Rale at Norridgewalk Falls in the Portland Diocese of the State of Maine, near the 
spot where he was so cruelly killed, is marked by a granite shaft, and is now a place of pious 
pilgrimage. 

In 1736 one of the greatest tragedies of that tragical Century occurred. Rev. Antonius 
Senat, S. J., who labored at Peoria, but was at the time the resi<l(!nt missionary of Vinconnes, 
went with the garrison of Vincennes and another garrison from Kaskaskia, Illinois, as 
chaplain in an expedition against the Chickasaw Indians. Through an unpropltious oc- 
currence the commanders of the expedition, Pierre D'artaguette, commandant in Illinois, 
and Francis Morgan, better known as Vincennes of Vincennes, with a number of others, fell 
into the hand.s of the Chickasaw. Father Senat, the chaplain, would not leave them to suffer 
at the handM of the Indians without religious ministrations, and also remained prisoner, al- 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred twenty-seven 

though he was offered his freedom. On March 25, 17:36, the prisoners were h^d out in sight 
of the funeral pyre wliieh the Indians were building, and when all was in readiness they 
were brought to the fire, securely tied, and slowly roasted to death. To the last moment 
Father Senat exhorted his fellow-sufferers to meet their punishment with fortitude and 
trust in God for their eternal salvation. 

The next missionary to suffer a violent death at the hands of the Indians was Abbe 
Joseph Gagnon, who was killed shortly after arriving in the Illinois country, and not far 
from the Holy Family Mission at Cahokia. 

The Transition Period. 

As will be remembered, the Jesuits were banish(>d from the French dominion, or, rather 
more properly speaking, from the domain that had been French, by the infidel Superior 
Council at New Orleans in 1763, and Father Forget Duverger, the last of the fathers of the 
foreign missions, anticipating similar treatment, left at the same time, so that in all of the 
territorj' now known as Illinois, there were for a short time at least only two priests. These 
two remaining priests were Fathers Luke and Hippolyte Collet, who apparently had been 
in the military service as chaplains with the French forces. Father Leonard Philibert Collet, 
who took in religion the uame of Luke, had been chaplain at the French posts in Pennsyl- 
vania-Presquile and Riviere Aux Boeufs. They were both at the time located at St. Anne 
du Fort Chartres. Father Hippolyte Collet had been in St. Anne's since May, 1759, and 
Father Luke Collet since May, 1761. They attended St. Anne's at Fort Chartres, the Visi- 
tation at St. Phillipes, and St. Joseph's at Prairie du Rocher. Father Hippolyte Collet 
left the Illinois country in 1764, and Father Luke Collet died at St. Anne's, Fort Chartres, 
on September 10, 1765, and was buried there, but later his remains were removed to St. 
Joseph's, at Prairie du Rocher. 

It will be recalled that Father Sebastien Louis Meurin, S. J., after much vexatious 
treatment, was permitted to return, and arrived in his old neighborhood early in the year 
1764, but at first made his home in St. Genevieve, Missouri, from whence he visited the mis- 
sions on the Illinois side. 

After repeated requests for help on the part of Father Meurin the Bishop of Quebec 
sent to the missions in 1768 the great patriot priest — the second Marquette — Very Rev. Pierre 
Gibault. 

Father Gibault arrived in the Illinois country in September, 1768, and for twenty-one 
years was the leading spirit of the entire middle west on both sides of the Mississippi. He 
restored the Church and brought order out of the chaos that existed. He was a brilliant 
man, highly educated, eloquent and well informed. He kept abreast of the times, and was 
from the very earliest a champion of the American cause, of which he was well informed, 
before George Rogers Clark conceived the conquest of the Northwest; and when Clark, 
under the authority of the Assembly of Virginia and Governor Patrick Henry, luidertook 
the conquest of the Northwest, Gibault became the central figure in the events which led to 
the espousal by the inhabitants of the Northwest of the American cause. He was not only 
one of the ablest and most successful priests that had yet been in the Illinois country, but 
the greatest patriot of the Northwest in Revolutionary times. 

American Jurisdiction. 

Father Gibault and Father Meurin covered the field together and alone until the death 
of Father Meurin, which occurred on the 23rd of February, 1777. For some years until 1785 
Father Gibault was alone in the territory. He, with his parishioners, had struggled through 
the Revolutionary War and the trying years succeeding, and had lived to find himself in a 
new ecclesiastical jurisdiction, being now subject to Prefect Apostolic John Carroll, ap- 
pointed to have charge of the Church in the L'nited States. 



Page hundred- twenty-eight Diamond Jubilee 

In 17S5 the Prefect Apostolic sent Father Paul de St. Pierre, a Discaleed Carmelite, to 
the territory. Father de Saint Pierre proved a devoted priest and ministered to the inhab- 
itants of the Illinois country for five years. 

In the process of gathering up the reins of Church government Prefect Apostolic, now 
Bishop Carroll, appointed Rev. Peter Huet de la Yaliniere his vicar-general for the Illinois 
country, who arrived in Kaskaskia in 1785. Father Valiniere, though a good and pious 
priest, proved a great disturber in the new territory, and did little more than create much 
turmoil. The difficulties raised by him were, however, soon overcome when Bishop Carroll 
sent a band of Sulpitians to the "West. Amongst them were Rev. Michael Levadoux and Rev. 
Gabriel Richard, who came to Illinois and officiated in all of the Illinois missions with great 
success. 

Father Charles Leander Lusson was sent by Bishop Carroll to Cahokia in 1798. 

In February, 1799, Fathers John and Donatien Olivier arrived in Illinois. Father John 
was stationed at Cahokia and Father Donatien at Kaskaskia and Prairie du Rocher. 

Father Donatien Olivier for more than thirt.y years was the leading spirit and principal 
proponent of the Christian religion in the states of Illinois, Indiana and Missouri. He be- 
came the vicar-general of Bishop Carroll in the Illinois country, and inducted Bishop Flaget 
into his see. He was the tribune of the people and the herald of the bishop upon all functions 
and visitations : a man of singular piety and great eloquence, and most active in all of this 
difficult period in the experience of the Illinois Church. 

Governor RejTiolds in his historical work, "My Own Times," speaking of Father Oli- 
vier, said: "One of the ancient pioneer clergymen was the celebrated Olivier of Prairie du 
Rocher, Randolph County. This reverend divine was a native of Italy and was a high 
dignitary of the Roman Catholic Church for more than half a century. He acquired a 
great reputation for his sanctity and holiness, and some believed him possessed of the 
power to perform small miracles, to which he made no pretensions." Governor Reynolds 
is probably mistaken about his nationalitj'. It is more likely that he was French, as he 
came to America from France in 1794 with Rev. "William Louis Du Bourg, afterwards Bishop 
of New Orleans. 

Father Olivier was greatly admired by Bishop Benedict Joseph Flaget, first bishop of 
the Diocese of Bardstown, and by Bishop "William du Bourg, bishop of New Orleans, both 
of whom relied upon him and spoke of him in the highest terms. 

Father Olivier was the last of the long line of priests who were not only the spiritual 
but the civic leaders of their time. From the very earliest days in Illinqis to the time of 
his death there had existed this sort of leadership. After the death of Father Marquette 
the mantle fell upon the shoulders of Father Claude Jean Allouez, S. J. It was next as- 
sumed by Father James Gravier, S. J. The next to exercise absolute sway both in religious 
and civil affairs was Rev. Gabriel Marest, S. J. After him came Rev. Jean Antoine le Boul- 
lenger, S. J., followed by the Rev. Philibert Watrim, S. J., then by Rev. Sebastien Louis 
Meurin, S. J., who gave way to the young, strong secular priest and patriot. Rev. Pierre 
Gibault. Father Donatien Olivier succeeded to the popularity and influence over spiritual 
and temporal affairs and sustained it with great credit for a third of a century. 

It was Father Olivier that occupied the place of honor at the banquet tendered Marquis 
de Lafaj'ette when he visited Kaskaskia on the 30th day of April, 1825. On that occasion 
Father Olivier sat at the left hand of the distinguished guest and Pierre Menard at his 
rigkt. It was Father Olivier, too, to whom the inhabitants, regardless of creed or condition 
and of their former conduct, fled, begging for the rites of the Church and last absolution in 
the excitement of the earthquake which visited the region in 3811. 

Not alone as vicar-general of Bi.shop Carroll and of Bishops Flaget and Duborg, but as 
well by reason of his great probity and piety. Father Olivier was by common consent the 
leader. By the French Catholics he was revered as a saint. He was admired for his child- 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred twenty-nine 

like simplicity and unaffected piety, which traits he continued to exhibit in the midst of his 
apostolic labors until old ag:e compelled him to abandon the field and prepare for death in 
retirement. He died on the 29th of January, 1841, at the Seminary of the Barrens in 
Missouri, at the advanced age of 95 years. 

Ivike Melehisedeeh these grreat men were both kingrs and priests. Speaking especially 
of the Jesuits, Judge Sidney Breese, one of the earliest and ablest judges of the S\ipreme 
Court of the state, said: "No evidence is to be found among our early records of the ex- 
ercise of any controlling power save the Jesuits up to the time of the grant to Crozat in 
1712, and I have no idea that any such existed in the shape of government or that there 
was any other social organization than that effected by them of which they were the head," 
and Blanchard in his "Discovery and Conquest of the Northwest," says: "The French vil- 
lages in the Illinois country as well as most other places were each under the government 
of a priest, who, besides attending to their spiritual wants, dispensed justice to them, and 
from his decision there was no appeal. Though this authority was absolute, the records of 
the times disclose no abuse of it, but on the contrary proof that it was used with paternal 
care." 

The same was almost equally true of the successors of the Jesuit Fathers Pierre Gibault 
and Donatien Olivier. Before the end of Father Olivier 's time many English speaking people 
came into the territory — indeed, the country was organized as a territory and as a state, but 
Father Olivier was the most influential man in the territory and state almost so long as he 
remained in health. 

New Dioceses. 

During Father Olivier "s lifetime the Church began to be more closely organized. The 
Diocese of New Orleans was created in 1793, and the Diocese of Bardstown, now Louisville, 
Kentucky, was created in 1808. For New Orleans, Right Reverend William Du Borg was 
made bishop, and at Bardstown Right Reverend Benedict Joseph Flaget was bishop. These 
two prelates assumed the management of church affairs in the Illinois country and when 
later the Diocese of St. Louis was created in 1826 and Right Rev. Joseph Rosati was made 
bishop, he was given ecclesiastical jurisdiction over a large part of Illinois. And when in 
1834 the diocese of Vincennes Avas created and Right Rev. Simon William Gabriel Grute was 
made bishop, those prelates and their successors exercised a sort of joint jurisdiction over 
Illinois until the Chicago Diocese was created. Bishop Brute became the leader in the east- 
ern part of the state and Bishop Rosati in the western part, and the clergy who labored 
in the field in the early days of the nineteenth century, with a few exceptions, belonged to 
these two dioceses. 

' It seems that there were at least three clergymen who labored in Illinois during this 
period for whom the Bishop of Bardstown was responsible. These were Rev. Stephen Theo- 
dore Badin, Rev. F. Savine and Rev. Elisha Durbin. Two of these clergymen are referred 
to later as nineteenth century missionaries. As for the other. Father Savine, it may be said 
that he served several years at Cahokia. 

As has already been seen the Bishop of Vincennes sent into the territory the priests who 
labored around Chicago, namely. Rev. Timothy O'Meara, Rev. Bernard Sehaffer, Rev. Maurice 
dc Saint Palais, Rev. Francis Joseph Fischer, Rev. Hippolyte du Pontavice, Rev. John Francis 
Plunket and Rev. John Gueguen. The rest of the clergymen who labored in Illinois prior 
to the creation of the Diocese of Chicago, with three exceptions, came from the Dioce.se of 
St. Louis. The three exceptions were Rev. Samuel Mazuchelli, 0. P. ; Rev. Vincent Badin, 
brother of Rev. Stephen Theodore Badin, who came from the Diocese of Detroit, both of 
whom did missionary work about Galena, and Rev. Remigius Petoit, who also labored at 
Galena, but apparently came from the Diocese of Dubuque. 

The great bulk of the clergy of this period, it will be seen, came from or were attached 
to the Diocese of St. Louis, including the following : Rev. Hercules Brassac ; Rev. Francis 



Page hundrey thirty Diamond Jubilee 

Cellini, C. M. ; Rev. Francis Xavier Dahmeu ; Rev. Pierre Vergani, C. M. ; Rev. Jolm Timon, 
C. M. ; Rev. Charles Felix Van Quiekeubome, S. J. ; Rev. Peter J. Doutreluingue, C. M. ; Rev. 
G. Lntz : Rev. P. Borgna : Rev. Victor Pallaisson, S. J. ; Rev. A. Mascaroni ; Rev. John Francis 
Regis loisel: Rev. Vitalis Van Cloostere ; Rev. J. N. Odin, C. M. ; Rev. E. D\ipuy, C. M. ; 
Rev. Matthew Comlamiue; Rev. John McMahon; Rev. John Mary Ireneaus St. Cyr; Rev. 
Peter Paul Lefevre: Rev. L. Picot; Rev. Charles F. Fitzmaurice ; Rev. B. Ronx; Rev. Joseph 
N. Wiseman; Rev. Francis B. Jamison; Rev. G. Walters, S. J.; Rev. J. B. Healy; Rev. Stan- 
islaus Buteau : Rev. Felix Verreydt, S. J. ; Rev. Ambrose G. Heim ; Rev. Timothy Joseph 
Conway ; Rev. Louis Aloysius Parodi, C. M. ; Rev. George Hamilton; Rev. Hilary Tucker; 
Rev. Augustus Brickwedde ; Rev. John Blasiiis Raho, C. M. ; Rev. Charles Meyer ; Rev. M. 
O'Reilly; Rev. M. Ward; Rev. G. H. Tochmann; Rev. Richard Bole; Rev. Hippolyte Gan- 
dolfo : Rev. F. Czakert ; Rev. John Kenny ; Rev. Gasper H. Ostlangenberg ; Rev. John B. 
Eseourrier, C. M. ; Rev. Ubaldus Estang, C. M. ; Rev. N. Stehle ; Rev. Constantine Lee ; Rev. 
Joseph Henry Fortmanu ; Rev. Louis MuUer ; Rev. Louis du Courday ; Rev. Joseph Mas- 
quelet ; Rev. Joseph iLiquin ; Rev. Patrick McCabe ; Rev. M. Cereos, C. M. ; Rev. B. Rolando, 
C. M. : Rev. Michael Carroll ; Rev. Hilary Tucker ; Rev. Joseph Kuenster ; Rev. Alphonsus 
Montiiori. C. M. ; Rev. X. Mullen. 

Such is the roster of the clergy that labored in Dlinois prior to the creation of the 
Diocese of Chicago. 

The Diocese of Chicago. 

When the Diocese of Chicago was erected and the first bishop. Right Reverend William 
Quarter, D. D., arrived in the diocese in 1844 he brought with him one clergyman, namely, 
his brother, the Rev. Walter J. Quarter, and he found within the borders of his diocese the 
following clergymen : In Chicago, Rev. Maurice de St. Palais, and Rev. Francis Joseph 
Fischer who, on their ovra responsibility, stayed to help the new bishop out until June, 
1844, when they were peremptorily ordered to their own diocese of Vincennes by Bishop 
Celestine de la Halandiere. At other points in the state were Rev. Dennis Ryan, Rev. 
Patrick McCabe, Rev. Augustus Brickwedde, Rev. Joseph Henry Fortmanu, Rev. Michael 
Carroll, Rev. John Brady, Rev. John Cavanaugh, Rev. Patrick James McLaughlin, Rev. 
James Gallagher, Rev. Mark Anthony, Rev. James A. Kean, Rev.) Michael Prendergast, 
Rev. Vital Van Cloostere, Rev. Raphael Rainaldi, Rev. Alphonsus Montouri, Rev. P. J. 
Scanlon, Rev. T. G. Schaeffer, Rev. G. H. Ostlangenberg, Rev. William Feeley, Rev. Patrick 
Donahue, Rev. Joseph Kuenster, Rev. Terrence Murray, Rev. John J. Brennan, Rev. James 
McAuley, Rev. Nicholas Jung, Rev. John A. Drew, and Rev. Ambrose G. Heim. 

Priests Ordained by Bishop Quarter. 

The new bishop at once began to supplement his clergy by ordinations and by adopt- 
ing new priests into the diocese. During the four short years of his administration of the 
Chicago diocese. Bishop Quarter ordained twenty-one priests as follows : On May 24, 1844, 
Rev. Patrick McMahon and Rev. Bernard McGorrisk; on July 7, 1844, Rev. Jeremiah ICin- 
Bclla; on August 18, 1844, Rev. John Brady and Rev. Jolin Ingolsby; on August 22, 1844, 
Rev. Thomas O'Donncll; on December 3, 1844, Rev. Jolin Faughnan ; on Sopl.ember 20, 1845, 
Rev. Francis Di-rwin and Rev. Philip Conlon; on October 15, 1845, Rev. James GrifSn; on 
December 15, 1845, Rev. Patrick James McLaughlin; on January 8, 1846, Rev. Patrick T. 
McElheam; on July 16, 1846, Rev. Terrence Murray and Rev. James McAuley, on August 
18, 1846, Rev. James Gallagher and Rev. George Hamilton; on October 2, 1846, Rev. Joseph 
Kogan ; on April 11, 1847, Itev. James Kcan and Rev. Michael Prendergast; on June 26, 
1847, Rev. Thomas Kennedy. 

During the same period the foUowing priests were adopted into the diocese: Rev. 
/John George Alb-nian. O. P.; liev. Jeremiah Anthony (Jarius, llcv. John Cavanaugh, Rev. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred thirty-one 

Toussaiut Cour Jault, Rev. John Fahy, Rev. T. Fischer, Rev. Thomas Kelley, Rev. Patrick 
J. McLaughlin, Rev. M. Maraqua and Rev. W. Masterson. 

Following closely upon the death of Bishop Quarter the vicar-general and adminis- 
trator of the diocese, Very Rev. Walter J. Quarter, sent two deacons, Dennis Dunne and 
Henry Coyle, to Detroit where, on October 4, 1848, they were ordained by Right Rev. Peter 
Paul Lefevre of that diocese. 

During the administration of Right Reverend James Oliver Van de Velde, the second 
bishop of Chicago, the following clergymen were added to the diocesan clergy: Rev. Max 
Albrecht, Rev. Fr. Beaupre, Rev. John C. Brady, Rev. John Breen, Rev. J. G. Busschots, 
S. J. ; Rev. John Peter Carolus, Rev. Felix C. Carel, Rev. Louis Cortuyvels, Rev. Timothy 
Conway, Rev. William de la Porte, Rev. James Dempsey, Rev. Michael Donohue, Rev. Ru- 
dolph Ettoffer, Rev. William Feely, Rev. J. F. Fischer, Rev. Peter Fischer, Rev. H. Fitz- 
simmons, Rev. Hippolyte Gandolpho, Rev. John W. Gififord, Rev. Alexander Hattenburg, 
Rev. Augustine Hogan, Rev. L. Huieq, Rev. J. B. U. Jacomet, Rev. Eusebeius Kaiser, Rev. 
John Peter Kraemer, Rev. Julius C. Kuenzer, C. SS. R. ; Rev. Isidore A. Lebel, Rev. Barthel- 
omew Lonergan, Rev. Michael Lyons, Rev. Jean Maistre (Lemaitre), Rev. Patrick McCabe 
(1850-V. D. 132), Rev. Peter McMahon, Rev. Alphonsus Montuori, Rev. C. Morogna, Rev. 
Fr. McBride, Rev. Joseph C. Mueller, 0. SS. R. ; Rev. J. O'Reilly, Rev. John Quigley, C. M. ; 
Rev. Edward O'Neill, Rev. Raphael Rainaldi, Rev. Joseph Ranck, Rev. J. B. Regal, Rev. 
Thomas J. Ryan, Rev. Charles Schronderbach, Rev. Fr. Smith, Rev. L. Snyder, Rev. Fr. Sul- 
livan, Rev. Patrick Terry, Rev. Joseph Vahy, Rev. Felix Verhaegen, S. J. ; Rev. Felix Ver- 
reydt, S. J. ; Rev. Francis Anthony Voelker, Rev. Bernard James Voors, Rev. John Bernard 
Weikamp and Rev. James Zagel. 

Priests Ordained by Bishop Van de Velde. 

During the same time Bishop Van de Velde ordained the following clergymen for the 
diocese: On April 22, 1849, Rev. Lawrence Hoey; July 22, 1849, Rev. William Clowrey; 
August 15, 1849, Rev. John B. Goldlin, S. J., and Rev. Cornelius Smarius, S. J.; November 
18, 1849, Rev. James Dempsey; December 2, 1849, Rev. John Breen; December 22. 1849, 
Rev. Alexander Hattenburg and Rev. Hugh Brady; September 8, 1850, Rev. Maurice Gip- 
perich and Rev. Roderick Heimerling; November 1, 1850, Rev. Herman Liermann; Decem- 
ber 11, 1850, Rev. James Fitzgerald and Rev. Bernard James Voors; July 12, 1851, Rev. 
John Hampston; November 7, 1851, Rev. Charles Theophilus Zucker; April 10, 1852, Rev. 
John Molitor, Rev. Michael Donohue and Rev. Michael O'Donnell. 

From the establishment of the diocese forward the list of clergy has grown until at 
the present time, though four dioceses have been carved out of the original diocese, there 
are in the archdiocese of Chicago clergyman. 

It would, of course, be impracticable to attempt to name all the priests who labored in 
this field since the diocese was created. They are. however, noted in connection with the 
parishes or in formerly published works. There were, however, a number of clergymen who, 
during a large part at least of their work in Illinois, were not connected with parishes, but 
who are entitled to much credit and it has been thought proper to give these worthy clergy- 
men separate mention. 

The facts stated in this chapter are gleaned from a varictj) of sources amongst ichich may he 
named the Quarter and Van de Velde diaries and the early church directories. Much difficulty is 
experienced in ascertaining names. Cleraynicn are so frequently referred to merely as "bather" with 
the baptismal name omitted that at l-ingth the luptismal name is forgotten. Again the uie of initials 
is most confusing. "P" may stand for Patrick. Peter, Paul; "T", for Thotnas. Thaddeus, Theodore. 
Timothy and other names. Spelling, too, is confusing. Not less than five different spellings are 
found for Father John Gueguen's family name and an equal number at least for the baptismal name 
Hipolyte. There is, too, much disagreement as to biographical data. All these difficulties suggest the 
virtue of a requirement of the Chancery office of a more or less comprehensive biographical sketch, 
prepared and signed by every one within its jurisdiction to become a part of the permanent records. 



Page hundred thirty-two Diamond Jubilee 

XV. 

A history of the organization and development of the parishes especially in the pioneer 
period, does not give a complete understanding of church work in these early days, but must 
be supplemented by reference to the labors of many zealous priests who were in a sense the 
heralds of the parishes. 

These good priests were, in a comprehensive sense, missionaries. Some of them indeed 
had something of a fixed abode from which they radiated, but in general they were holy 
tramps, constantly on the move from place to place seeking out Catholic settlers and bring- 
ing the consolations of religion wherever the spirit directed. In a sense they were vested 
with a roving commission, and to their great credit they worked wonders for the church 
and the salvation of soiils in the earlj' days. 

It was not unusual for the bishop to assign a priest to a given line of railway, whether 
operating or only in course of construction. One such, the Reverend Thomas Cusack who, 
as will be seen, did missionary work in Illinois, is described in the list of missionaries kept 
in the Archives of the Archdiocese of St. Louis, as missionary "In via frrratta vaporea" — 
the railroad apostle. 

In like manner did these early missionaries traverse the route of the Illinois and Michi- 
gan Canal, tramping from camp to camp equipped with requisites for saying Mass, and 
administering the sacraments ; setting up an altar in the shadow of a convenient tree, or 
instituting a confessional behind some friendly bush, and thus carrying the Church to the 
people. 

No better way of indicating the character and extent of the church work independent 
of the parishes presents itself, than to sketch briefly the missionary career of these pioneer 
priests. 

VERY REV. STEPHEN THEODORE BADIN, SULPITIAN. 

One of the most noted of the missionaries of the nineteenth century was F'ather Stephen 
Theodore Badin. Father Badin had the distinction of being the first priest ordained in the 
United States and has been referred to as the Apostle of Kentucky. This good Sulpitian 
traveled almost continuously over Kentucky, Indiana and parts of Illinois. 

His first visit to Illinois occurred in October, 1830. He had been ministering to the 
Pottawatomi Indians at the mission near what is now Niles, Michigan. He has left us a letter 
concerning this visit which is most interesting. It reads as follows : 

"I am on my way to Chicago or Port Dearborn on the west shore of Lake Michigan in 
the state of Illinois, fifty miles from here; no priest has been seen there since eight (nine)^ 
years ago, when Mr. Richard paid the place a visit. {On n'y a pas vii (Je Prctre depxta hurt 
ans Lorsque M. Richard y fit une visite.) Along the entire route I shall not come across a 
single hou.se or hut. I am waiting here for a party of good Catholic Indians, Chief Poke- 
gan at the head of them, who are charged with the carrying of my chapel equipment. I had 
started out without them in order to avail myself of the company of two Canadians, whose 
services I engaged as interpreters, and who must by this time have arrived in Chicago, where 
I intended to celebrate the divine mysteries on Holy Rosary Sunday ; but fearing that my 
Indians would not come up in time I stopped at the river Calamic (Grand Calumet) in the 
hope of receiving my chapel this evening or tomorrow morning. Besides, if I had continued 
on the way with the two Canadians, I should have found it necessary to sleep in the open, 
a thing I thought nothing of at one time — but when a man is beyond sixty, he must avoid 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred thirty-three 

that sort of a thing, unless he be accustomed to live like the Indians and traders, to whom 
it is all one whether they sleep indoors or outdoors. 

"Man proposes, God disposes. My party of Indians arrived three days too late, and I 
was put to the necessity of spending the night in the woods ten miles from Chicago. I 
found there another band from the Kickapoo tribe who live in an immense prairie in Illinois, 
along the Vermillion River at a distance of about one hundred miles from Chicago. Some 
time before these good people had sent their compliments to Chief Pokegan, telling him at 
the same time that they envied him the happiness of liaving a pastor." 

We have very little information of just what Father Badin did when he finally came to 
Chicago, but according to a communication written by Gordon S. Hubbard and published in 
the Chicago Evening Journal of April 29, 1882, he baptized Alexander Beaubien and his 
two sisters, Monique and Julia, and also the Indian Potawatomi chief of mixed blood, Alex- 
ander Robinson. 

Father Badin was again in Chicago in 1846 and on that occasion presented Mrs. John 
Murphy, wife of a very worthy settler who came to Chicago in 1836, with a religious book 
containing his autograph. Upon the presentation of the same Father Badin is said to have 
remarked: "This is the fiftieth anniversary of my arrival in Chicago." According to that 
Father Badin would have been here in 1796, which is possible, of course, as he was doing 
missionary work at the time, spending most of his time between 1790 and 1820 in Kentucky. 

It has also been stated that Father Badin was in Chicago in 1822, but this statement is 
not well sustained. It is very certain that Father Badin was in Illinois in 1846. In the 
diary of Bishop Quarter appears an entry under date of June 13, 1846, as follows: "Very 
Reverend Father Badin, ordained priest in Baltimore by Bishop Carroll the 25th of May, 
1793, who in October, 1831, went on a visit to Chicago and found about two hundred families 
then in the city and only twenty Catholic men, women and children, and is now in the sev- 
enty-eighth year of his age and fifty-third of his priesthood, left for Bourbonnais Grovo to 
attend the French Congregation." 

It is said that he had been in the heart of Illinois on the Vermilion River doing mission- 
ary work in 1844 and came on to Chicago after having been the guest of the Fathers of 
the Holy Cross at Notre Dame at their annual college commencement in 1845. 

At Kankakee he had an assistant, but he, himself, superintended the work and during 
the time that he was at Bourbonnais he signed himself Vicar-general of the Bishop of Chi- 
cago. It appears that in the 6ourse of his missionary career. Father Badin was vicar-gen- 
eral of the Diocese of Bardstown, of the Diocese of Cincinnati, of the Diocese of Vincennes, 
and had been first of all vicar-general of the Diocese of Baltimore under Bishop Carroll. 
He had, therefore, the unusual distinction of having been vicar-general in five dioceses. 

As is well known he was responsible for the establishment of the University of Notre 
Dame, having procured the ground upon which that great institution is located. 

Throughout this great missionary's career he had led a most exacting life himself and 
was apparently very exacting to others. One of the last letters he ever wrote, now pre- 
served in the American Catholic Archives in Notre Dame, contains the acknowledgement 
that he had been too severe in his earlier practice and too exacting of the poor, sorrowing 
penitents who asked God's pardon through him. 

On April 19, 1853, the proto-priest of the United States passed from his earthly cares in 
this world. In 1904 the Fathers of the Holy Cross asked that his remains be transferred 
to their institution at Notre Dame and the request -was granted. On the spot where he had 
built his log chapel at that place when he was a missionarj' among the Indians, the Fathers 
caused another log cabin to be raised, the exact replica of the first, and in May, 1906, the 
last burial of Father Badin took place, and his bones were placed in a tomb in front of the 
altar near the middle of this chapel, and there lie the remains of the Nestor of the nine- 
teenth centurv missionaries. 



Page hundred thirtij-fo2ir Diamond Jubilee 

REVEREND ELISHA DURBIN. 

A very picturesque figure amongst these early missionaries was Father Elisha Durbin. 
His home or stopping place was in Union County, Kentucky. His circuit was south-eastern 
and south-western Kentucky, a great part of Tennessee, Indiana and all southern Illinois, 
at the time he labored in it first called Egj-pt on account of the swamps and dense forests. 
He was an American of Maryland stock and is said to have suffered through his family from 
the persecutions which the non-Catholics, when they obtained control of Maryland, visited 
upon the Catholics, but was for that reason all the firmer in his faith. He was instructed 
by the Venerable Bishop Benedict Joseph Flaget and Bishop John B. David. 

Father Durbin rode horseback as a mission priest for over sixty years, covering a period 
from sometime in the forties to near the end of the nineteenth century. At his death, which 
occurred in Louisville in the last years of the 19th century, the good missionary was ninety 
years of age. 

The church directories show that Father Durbin visited all the settlements in southern 
Illinois and gave special attention to Shawnoetown, 1836-1841, Carmi, the same period, and 
Albion in 1836. 

VERY REVEREND A. PALAMORGUES. 

Father Palamorgues came into Iowa in the thirties, most likely with Bishop Mathias 
Loras, the first bishop of Dubuque, and settled in Scott county opposite the fort at Rock 
Island, where is now situated the city of Davenport. He was another of the traveling mis- 
sionaries but added other labors to his daily life. "When not serving the scattered Cath- 
olics in Illinois and Iowa he taught school. * * * His charge was twenty-five cents a 
month for tuition when the parents had it, which was rarely, but he did not starve, as he 
often said to me, 'I get enough to eat out of my cabbage and garden stuff!' " 

Father Palamorgues was a great missionary and more, a distinguished priest who be- 
came vicar-general of his diocese and who accompanied the archbishop of New Orleans to 
the Vatican Council as theologian. 

Northwestern Illinois is under heavy obligations to Father Palamorgues and especially 
Rock Island and vicinity. 

This good priest had the consolation of ending his days in his native land, France. 

FATHER JOHN GEORGE ALLEMAN. 

Father Alleman was another of the very successful early missionaries. He had labored 
in northern and central Ohio before coming farther west and is said to have offered up 
the Divine Sacrifice in a cabin in the center of a corn field, where later Cleveland, Ohio, was 
built. On arriving in the west he built himself a church and cabin on the west bank of 
the Mississippi river, now Fort Madison, Iowa. From this place "he usually travelled on 
foot," Father John Larmar says, "as I saw him for years with a pair of saddlebags in 
his arm in which was all his church — all a missionary's conveniences to celebrate Mass." 
Wherever he heard there were a few Catholics he made them a visit. He traveled all south- 
em Iowa and noVthern Missouri and then would cross over the Mississippi and extend his 
missionary wanderings as far east as the Illinois river and near to the Wisconsin line. 
Speaking of the extent of his labors Father Larmar .says: "I can testify there are few mis- 
sions where churches now are in the territory aforementioned which did not have him for 
a founder. I mention only three towns where he planted the church, Fort Madison, Iowa, 
Rock I.sland, Illinois, and Moline, Illinois. To mention all would cover a page." 

P'ather Alleman was bom twelve miles from Strasbourg, France, later a German pos- 
scsHioD. He began his labors in the western country about 1836. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred thirty-five 

Father Alleman spoke four modern languages fluently (including his own vernacular, 
German and French), was missionary to the Winnebago Indians and an intimate friend of 
Chief Keokuk and other chiefs. 

A carefull writer says that Father Alleman "made friends Avith the chiefs and their 
braves, all of whom held him in the highest esteem while they reposed in him the most 
absolute confidence, born from their experience of his justice and fair dealing. • • • 
At his bidding they (the Indians) became docile as children while white troops superior 
to them in numbers and armament did not inspire them with any fear whatever. • • • 
When questioned about the cause of the staunch friendship between him and the aborig- 
ines he merely answered with a smile: 'Because I was a bigger man than any of them.' " 
As before stated Father Alleman was one of the giant missionaries and it is said that when 
he "was vesting for Mass the chiefs in warpaint, arms and feathers came to his side to 
measure with him but none of the proud warriors reached the size of the tall Alsatian 
missionary. ' ' 

Even while Father Alleman was located in Iowa he ministered to the Catholics across 
the river and the pioneer settlers of Illinois for many miles around soon came within the 
scope of his endeavors. He labored in Nauvoo, Illinois, in 1847, and collected money for 
the church buildings there bj^ traveling on foot over the prairies. Both Father Alleman and 
Father Thomas Kennedy are credited with having bought a house of one of the Mormon 
leaders. Parley P. Pratt, to use as a church and dwelling. Prior to securing this build- 
ing Father Alleman said Mass in one of fhe main Mormon buildings, the use of which was 
tendered to him by the Mormon authorities. 

Tradition has it that he bought the bell which is still doing duty in a modern Catholic 
•Kihurch in Nauvoo and that he himself sold the tickets to paj^ for it. Embossed on the out- 
side of the bell are the following inscriptions: "Cast by F. R. Mayer, St. Louis, Missouri, 
1852," and on the other side, "St. Patrick's Church, Nauvoo, Pastor J. G. Alleman." 

Father Alleman was well known in the western part of the state before the diocese of 
Chicago was created and his fame reached the Right Reverend William Quarter, the first 
bishop of the diocese, soon after his arrival. He begged Father Alleman "in the name of 
God and religion," to extend his apostolic labors frequently and if possible to give himself 
entirely to the northwestern portion of the new diocese. In response to Bishop Quarter's 
request Father Alleman left Fort Madison and took up his headquarters in Rock Island at 
the beginning of 1851. From here he built the first church in both Moline and Rock Island. 
From this central station he traveled over the surrounding territory. In 1857 he organized 
a parish in Hampton, six miles east of Moline, dedicating the church to St. Stephen, and 
numerous other churches have sprung up upon the sites of his early ministrations. 

Broken down in health from the rigorous labors he left Rock Island in 1863 and died 
at St. Vincent's Hospital in St. Louis on July 14, 1865. 

REVEREND PETER PAUL LEFEVRE. 

Coadjutor-Bishop of Detroit, 1841-1869. 

One of the earliest missionary priests of the nineteenth century was Reverend Peter 
Paul Lefevre. It was in the beginning of the thirties that this heroic man set out from St. 
Paul's on the Salt River in Ralls County, Misouri, to evangelize northern Missouri, south- 
ern Iowa and central Illinois. As early as 1833, he ministered to the spiritual wants of the 
few Catholics of Quincy, where he said Mass in the private house of Adam Schmitt. Spring- 
field was also the beneficiary of his priestly ministrations, yea, most of the incipient towns 
where Catholics were known to reside, were included in Father Lefevre 's itinerary. He 
was hailed with unfeigned joy and delight wherever his coming was heralded by the or- 
phaned Catholic people. This genial man of true apostolic spirit was a native of Belgium, 
bom at Roulers, in Flanders, April 30, 1804, ordained a priest at the Seminary of Cape 



Page hundred thirty-six Diamond Jubilee 

Girardeau. Missouri, under Bishop Joseph Rosati of St. Louis. July 17, 1831, and consecrated 
a bishop November 21, 1841. He died March 4, 18G!'. 

Bishop Lefevre was never actually bishop of Detroit. He was made a titular bishop 
of Zela iH purfiftiM ni/i(7<'/iin)i. Coadjutor Admiuisti-ator of Detroit — then embraeing' all Mich- 
igan and Wisconsin — and acted as such during the mental incapacity of Bishop Frederick 
Rese, first Bishop of Detroit, who died December 29, 1871, surviving his Coadjutor and 
Diocesan Administrator. 

FATHER CASPAR HENRY OSTLANGENBERG. 

A careful writer in speaking of the early priests who traveled about from place to place 
has said '•They went forth into the battlefield of Christ with holy enthusiasm and hero- 
ically bore the greatest privations, but the irregularities of their lives unfitted them for the 
regular performance of pastoral duties under normal conditions. In those early days the 
unlimited possibilities of life in this country developed a great deal of self-reliance and in- 
dividuality of character, both in clergy and laity. It brought out in many of the mission- 
aries traits of eccentricity which exposed them to misunderstandings of the laity. Under 
these circumstances they did not always show good judgment and prudence in pacifying 
factions and insuring peace. As soon as missions became stable parishes these pioneers 
failed: like nomads they wandered from place to place, even from diocese to diocese, until 
the infirmities of old age brought them to rest in some quiet retreat." 

Thus does a good priest explain the uniformly sad latter days of the fine old mission- 
aries that braved so many dangers and suffered so many liardships in the pioneer days in 
Illinois. 

Father Ostlangenberg's first mission work in Illinois was on Little Muddy Creek, St. 
Clair County, where a few Irish immigrants settled down somewhat prior to 1838 and were 
soon joined by a few North Germans, mostly from the diocese of Paderborn. The Ger- 
mans seem to have been in the ascendency, for the settlement took the name of "Libory 
Settlement." In 1838 two of the German settlers visited Bishop Rosatti in St. Louis and 
asked for a priest who could speak both English and German. In response the Bishop sent 
Father Ostlangenberg, who said the first Mass in the settlement on August 5, 1838, in the 
log house of Mr. W. Harwerth. 

Father Ostlangenberg did not remain at this time, but advised the settlers to build a 
church, which they proceeded to do. 

On January 21, 1839, Father Ostlangenberg left St. Louis with papers of institution to 
the pari.sh of St. Thaddeus on Silver Creek and to the mission, St. Liborius at Fayetteville, 
and to St. Boniface, Shoal Creek. Reaching the territory he resided at Libory, but from 
there he .served the missions of St. Luke at Fayetteville and St. Boniface at Belleville. 

In 1840 arrangements were made by which the Libory settlement was to be taken care 
of by Rev. Henry Fortmann from Shoal Creek and Father Ostlangenberg was sent on a 
roving commission to serve .several missions in Missouri, but was relieved of those missions 
in 1841 and sent to Galena, Illinois, to assist Father Reinigus Petiot and to care for sev- 
eral mission stations in the vicinity. While living in Galena he also attended St. Mathew's 
church at Sholesburg in La Fayi.'tte County, Wisconsin. 

Soon after Bishop Quarter arrived in Chicago he called Father Ostlangenberg from 
Quincy to take charge of the (Jcrmans in Chicago and he arrived August 24, 1844, on the 
day that F'ather Francis Joseph Fi.scher left for Vincciines. 

A.s soon as Father Ostlangenberg surveyed the field he recommended the establishment 
of two churches for the Germans, one on the iiorlli aud oni' on the south side, which was done 
done a short time thereafter, but not by him. 

Bishop Quarter was not able to keep Father Ostlangenberg long in Chicago, due to the 
fact that a strong personality was needed to deal with the Germans of Belleville who had 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred thirty-seven 

gotten into a serious quarrel. Proceeding to Belleville, Father Ostlangenberg, who was jusl 
to all, succeeded in establishing peace and put the church in Quincy upon a sound financial 
basis. 

His appointment to Belleville did not relieve him of the character of traveling mis- 
sionary. While there he visited nearly all the missions in 8t. Clair County. In 1845 and 
1846 he was frequently sent to Cahokia, where the parish was vacant for some time. He 
also went to St. Thomas' church in the Johnson settlement, and the German settlement 
Teutonia, near Prairie du Long. He visited Mascoutah, Fayetteville, and the French vil- 
lage, St. Philippe. 

Again the services of the solid mi.ssionary were needed as a peace-maker. Due to the 
removal of St. Peter's church in Chicago to Polk street a quarrel arose amongst the par- 
ishioners, and Bishop O 'Regan, knowing Father Ostlangenberg's capabilities, sent for him 
to take charge of St. Peter's. In this undertaking he does not seem to have been quite 
so successful, and after another attempt at pacification in the parish of St. Francis Assissi 
in Chicago Father Ostlangenberg gave up in some disgust, and left the Chicago diocese, 
eventually attaching himself to the diocese of Vincennes. The rest of his life was spent in 
Indiana and Kentucky and his death occurred on August 9, 1885. 

FATHER JOSEPH KUENSTER. 

Father Joseph Kuenster is hardly entitled to be classed as a missionary in the sense of 
traveling about from field to field, but in the sense of bearing privations he ranks amongst 
the most worthy of them. 

Father Kuenster 's childlike simplicity was his outstanding characteristic and this is 
best told in the language of Father Larmar, who knew him very intimately. Father Lar- 
mar says : 

"Father Kuenster was located at Teutopolis, Effingham County, Illinois. Many curious 
but harmless stories the old priests used to tell about him. He was a German of the old, 
but practical type. I have always had a profound admiration for the simple German char- 
acter. Odd as it may appear to us, in early days it was allied with industry, piety, thrift 
and economy. All these were necessary in a new country, and they brought spiritual and 
temporal rewards. The German priests in our sense could not be called missionaries, at- 
tending many settlements. Indeed, the German character is one of fixity — will not cover 
much ground, bnt what it does is solid and lasts. 

"The German priests, no matter how small the settlement they were appointed to, went 
about increasing it, and left the rest of the country to look out for itself. Hence the 
German settlements became from the start, places of comparative comfort, even for a priest, 
and the German priests, with few exceptions, never experienced in Illinois the hardships of 
the Catholic missionaries. It is true, had other Catholic priests pursued the local improve- 
ment course of the German priests, few congregations would now exist in Illinois; but 
each people had tlieir task to fulfill, and we must believe all was in the order of Providence." 

"When Father Kuenster went to the prairies of Effingham County he found a few poor 
Germans. Like them he turned in to help himself and make the building of church and 
school light for poor, but pious people. 

"Father Kuenster had his little piece of cultivated land, his garden and his fowl and 
geese, and I was told once he was called on to pay his cathedraticum or cathedral tax for 
the support of the Bishop. He astonished all by paying, the tax with a goose and a gander, 
carried by his own hands across the prairie. The good priest saw nothing funny about it, 
as he got onlj^ pay in kind, as there was little or no money in his settlement. As time 
passed, Father Kuenster 's flocks of fowl and geese increased and so did the worldly pos- 
sessions of his thrifty Germans. Even in their poverty they were exacting on the priest for 
his services, which he gave with satisfaction to all. His success did not escape the author;- 



Page hundred thirty-eight Diamond Jubilee 

ties of Chicago, aud he was removed to take charge of the anuoyiug parish of Quiney. His 
quaint rural ways from the prairies caused irreverent huighter from the young German 
Americans, but many of his ways put the old people in mind of rural life in the old country, 
and they rather liked him. He was faithful and zealously demonstrative in the discharge of 
his priestly duties. 

"But the diocese being divided and a new bishop taking charge gave the restless a 
chance to make some complaint about him. His life had been so regular in Quiney that 
the complainants thought they must inquire at Teutopolis about him. They found a charge 
that stuck and was the laughing stock of Quiney outside the German church. The charge 
■was this: "When Father Kuenster was removed to Quiney, instead of selling his geese, of 
-which he had a goodly number, he divided them in lots and arranged with his former par- 
ishioners to board them each for a cent a month. They declared, with emphasis, to the 
bishop, such a worldly priest should not be allowed to officiate in Quiney. 

"Poor Father Kuenster was removed. This broke his heart, and he did not live long 
after. ' ' 

There is a nice illustration of the fickleness of men in the life of Father Kuenster. As 
has been seen a faction of the Germans in Quiney opposed and baited Father Kuenster. In 
seeking to make «ut a ease against him they had gone to such length that the bishop of the 
diocese was impressed and taking the word of Father Kuenster 's enemies the bishop came 
to Quiney and publicly disapproved of the good old German priest. "This," says Father 
John Larmar. quoting Father ilcElhearne, "exasperated the people who had had him removed. 
They went around and gathered money saying the bishop's severity hastened Father Kuen- 
ster "s death, and put up a monument to his memory." 

FATHER THOMAS CUSACK. 

Father Thomas Cusack was a near relative of Father Patrick McCabe, whom we have 
seen in service and out of service at Cairo. Father Larmar tells how he happened to come 
to Illinois. Quoting Father Cusack, Father Larmar says: 

"I called on Bishop Kenrick on some business. After transacting it we had a social 
talk. Among other things, the bishop said, 'You know Illinois is under my jurisdiction. 
The Illinois Central Railroad and other improvements are going on. I am written to fre- 
quently to send one or more priests ; yet I have not one to send, and really I do not know 
what to do.' I replied, 'Bishop, if j-ou wish, I will go.' The bishop, with surprise said, 
'Well. I could not ask you, but if you go over there among these poor, neglected people, 
it will be a great charity.' " 

Father Cusack at once went to Illinois, where he made his home in Decatur, but tramped 
everj-where along the railroads and prairies attending the workmen and settlers. As he 
said himself he had an eye for every place which might be a permanent settlement and 
put up a modest church in keeping with the slender means of the Catholics. He continued 
as a traveling missionary until the diocese of Chicago was divided. When the division oc- 
curred the new bishop objected to Father Cusack 's holding some small property he had 
obtained in Decatur and as a result of the disagreement Father Cusack was suspended for 
a time. 

On being restored to the exercise of the ministry he went to Pana, Illinois, and started 
a mission, but it was during the Civil War and he found it very difficult to maintain it and 
would have been unable to continue the work except for outside assistance. Father John 
Larmar .says he doesn't know how many churches Father Cusack built on the prairies, but 
that "everywhere he built a church was the founding of a parish, which at this day has 
a resident priest likely with a Catholic school." 

From Pana Father Cusack went to Brimfield in Brown County, where he remained in 
somewhat of comfort for the rest of his days. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred thirty-nine 

VERY REV. AUGUSTINE FLORIENT BRICKWEDDE. 

Very Reverend Augustine Florient Brickwedde, like his contemporaries, Rev. Gaspar 
Henry Ostlangenberg and Rev. Joseph Kuenster, was an apostle of the German Catholics 
of Illinois, and became a missionary in almost every German settlement. 

With respect to this good German priest, large part of what Father John Larmar says 
of him deserves repetition: "He had the honor of being the first German vicar-general of 
the Chicago diocese. He was a German of the old style — simple, frank, kind to a fault. My 
recollection is he brought a considerable patrimonj' from his native land. However, as a 
business man and a cautious financier, he wojiild be an example even in these days. He was 
appointed from Chicago to take charge of the German Catholic settlement in Quincy, Illinois. 
The great German church which he built — which, after sixty years, still holds its pre-emi- 
nence over all subsequent ones in that second city of the state — is a sufficient monument to 
his memory, worth and ability. 

He was, however, fortunate in having such a priest as Father McElhearne in that beau- 
tiful city. These two priests, very wise and learned men, were co-laborers and brothers 
in the fullest sense. Each one acted independently in his own sphere, but counseled and 
aided each other as religion and the common cause demanded. 

What strength and edification comes from such brotherly love on the part of neighbor- 
ing priests." 

Father Brickwedde came to Quincy in 1827 and at once set to work to build a small 
frame church with an addition of two rooms for a residence and a 'third room for a tem- 
porary school. He said his first Mass there on August 15, 1837. 

Twice he re-crossed the ocean for the purpose of gathering funds for his parish and 
outlying missions at Sugar Creek and Fort Madison, Iowa. 

It was during Father Brickwedde 's administration that the dissensions frequently men- 
tioned broke out in Quincy and which resulted in Father Brickwedde 's refusal to remain 
longer. 

As has been seen the bishop of Chicago used Father Brickwedde in numerous places 
throughout the state to great advantage. His last years were spent in Columbia in Monroe 
County, where he carved a parish out of the woods. 

It may be truthfully said that Father Brickwedde earned a place amongst the great 
missionaries of Illinois. 

REVEREND JOHN RYAN. 

Rev. John Ryan was one of Bishop Quarter's priests. He came from Ireland and was 
adopted into the Chicago diocese. The bishop sent him to Mattoon where his headquar- 
ters were located. His territory was the great prairie, including nine counties lying along 
the Wabash river and the eastern state line. He, too, was in a sense a railroaders' priest 
and became the idol of the workmen building the new lines of railway. Added to his 
priestly office we are assured that he was physically one of the tallest and finest looking 
men to be found. 

Father Ryan traveled on foot chiefly from mission to mission. He is an illustration of 
the priests who choose hardships. He and his sister brought with them considerable wealth 
from Ireland and were of independent means, and used sufficient of it to build a church and 
home in Mattoon. His biographer says that the bishop was desirous that he turn over his 
fortune to the church and that Father Ryan's refusal to do so caused a breach. The sister, 
however, is said to have been clever enough to avoid serious trouble and Father Ryan was 
permitted to go on with his pastoral duties in Mattoon to the end of his life. 



Page hundred forty Diamond Jubilee 

REVEREND MICHAEL CARROLL. 

Few of the uiueteenth century missionaries were better known than Reverend Michael 
Carroll. Although Father Carroll made the circuit like the others, he is always thought of 
in connection with the city of Alton. He was stationed in Alton for many years and built 
the Cathedral which was in course of erection but not finished in 1857, when the new see of 
Alton was created. 

Father Carroll was one of the gigantic men like Father John George AUeman and 
Father John Kyan. who awed men by his height and physique. A writer speaking of 
Father Carroll draws a contrast between the old missionaries and later clergj'men, and 
speaking of the former says, "The old priests knew how to throw off their coats, give a 
helping hand to cut a log, mix mortar or other manual labor, to erect churches. They could 
ford and swim rivers with their saddlebags around their shoulders so their vestments would 
not be wet ; yet these same priests, even if they had to borrow a bi'oadcloth coat and silk 
hat from a more fortunate clerical brother (which was freely loaned) appeared on the 
streets as gentlemen." 

Like other missionaries. Father Carroll spent the week days traveling the prairies and 
forests. He visited virtually all the towns in Jersey, Madison, Macoupin and Montgomery 
counties. 

Father Carroll was attached to the bishops of Chicago, and chose to remain in the 
Chicago diocese after that of Alton was formed. In 1857 in company with Father Patrick 
O'Brien of St. Louis, Father Carroll made a trip to Ireland and upon his return was ap- 
pointed to Lake Forest near Waukegan and shortly afterwards to St. Mary's at Elgin. 

This good priest crowned a fruitful life with a martyr's death. In his old age while 
visiting a neighboring priest who was sick, a night call came from a distance. The sick 
priest could not attend of course, so Father Carroll made the trip in the storm, caught cold 
and a malignant fever ensued from which he soon after died. 

His remains were buried in old St. Mary's at Elgin. 

REVEREND PATRICK J. McELHEARNE. 

Everybody who has read much of the early days of the church in Chicago will re- 
member Father Patrick J. McElhearne's name. He was one of Bishop Quarter's own priests, 
that saintly prelate having ordained him on June 8, 1846. He was the prop and support of 
the good bishop through all his days in Chicago and it was Father McElheanre that heard 
the death alarm when it was sounded at Bishop Quarter's bed, and who hastened to his 
side and administered the last sacraments of the Church to the dying prelate. 

Father McElhearne, who became the bishop's vicar-general, was prominent in every 
church function in Chicago for many years, and in many places throughout the state he became 
a familiar figure. 

After Bishop Quarter's time Father McElhearne was sent to Galena, where he rebuilt the 
church after it wa.s destroyed by fire. After completing the Galena church he was sent to 
Springfield, and from there to Jacksonville. From Jacksonville he was sent to Quincy to iron 
out some difficulties that had arisen there. He .served for a time in the new diocese of Alton, 
but later returned to the Chicago diocese and was .sent to Rock Island. 

Thus, though he wa.s usually located in an established parish. Father McElhearne covered 
an immense amount of territory during his priesthood. 

Father Larmer says that "Father McElhearne was a scholar of the old school. The 
ancient cla.s.sics, French and the standard writings, both of pro.se and poetry, were ready on 
hi.s tongue. Having served the principal churches in his time, in Illinois, it was his custom 
to write everj- sermon Cbut did not read them) so that it was a literary treat to hear him, 
although hi.s eloqiienee was not of the finest sort." 

Father McElhearne died about 1870 at Apple River, Illinois. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hwtdred forty-one 

REV. JOHN MARY IRENAEUS ST. CYR. 

The name of the Freneli priest, Rev. John Mary Irenaens St. Cyr, is a familiar one in 
Chicago. It has been seen that he was the founder of St. Mary's, the first ehurch in modern 
Chicago, and his connection with St. Mary's has been detailed. Father St. Cyr was, liowever, 
both a pastor and an itinerant missionary, and the greater part of his life was given to mis- 
sionary work in Illinois and Missouri. It will be remembered that immediately upon his 
ordination he came to Chicago and established St. Mary's. "While he was still in Chicago, in 
1834, he wrote Bishop Rosati that he had visited Sugar Creek, Bear Creek, Springfield and 
other missions. Father St. Cyr left Chicago in 1837, and from that time on spent a great deal 
of his time on horseback, visiting settlements and ministering to the early settlers. From 
June 12, 1837, to May, 1839, lie visited Quiney periodically, and the outlying missions in 
Missouri and Iowa, having St. Augustine in Fulton County, Illinois, as headquarters. He at- 
tended the French socialists at "Warsaw, who had abandoned the socialist colony of the Icarians, 
founded by Etienne Cabet at Nauvoo in 1848, after the Mormon exodus from that place, and 
succeeded in bringing most of them back to the Catholic Church. 

In the course of his wanderings he frequently visited the home of Abraham Lincoln's father 
and step-mother and said Mass there. In that connection Archbishop Ireland, in his lifetime, 
stated that Father St. Cyr declared to him that Abraham Lincoln's father and step-mother 
were both Catholics. In the same conversation he told Archbishop Ireland, as subsequently 
repeated by the Archbishop, that Abraham Lincoln, himself, was not a Catholic, but that he 
assisted him (Father St. Cyr) in preparing for the celebration of Mass, and upon one occasion 
he, with his own hands, made a number of chairs for the use of those who attended Mass. 

There are still a few priests living who were acquainted with Father St. Cyr in his life- 
time, and these, as well as all others who have written of him, give him a splendid character 
and reputation. 

Father St. Cyr in his last years was chaplain at the Convent at Carondellet, Mo., where 
he died when over eighty j'ears of age, in 1882. 

REVEREND THOMAS McCABE. 

Reverend Thomas McCabe, who spent many years of missionary life in Illinois, is repre- 
sented to us as one of the most self-sacrificing of the itinerarj- priests. 

The manner in which he eked out an existence that he might best serve the Church has 
been described by an early priest who knew him well: "Father McCabe worked as a common 
laborer on the railroads for 75 cents a day, paid in orders or store truck, and said Mass on 
Sundays for the few Catholics. Jeans were his clothing, corn bread baked in the ashes, and 
badly cured hog meat his food." Again it is said that "Father McCabe would make his way 
from Illinois once or twice a year to St. Louis, and so poor was he that he would take the 
out-of-the-way streets to get to mj- house to borrow a coat .so he could appear decently on the 
streets." The priest who is authority for this statement. Father Patrick O'Brien, states inci- 
dentally that he was not much better off himself ; "my salary," says he, "was only .$10 a month." 

General Michael Kelly Lawler, one of the best though not most known of the Union gen- 
erals of the Civil "War, is quoted as saying that Father McCabe was an honest and faithful 
priest, that he "often gave his last dollar to poor unfortunate persons he came across when 
traveling in boats between Cairo and the ^Yabash River on the Ohio. ' ' 

Old residents of the "Wabash eountrj^ are authority for the statement that Father McCabe 
with the help of one man named "Welsh, cut the logs in the forest and built the first church 
near the old bed of the "Wabash 

After covering virtually the whole .southern end of Illinois Father McCabe established a 
headquarters at Cairo and as an evidence of his good judgment the site chosen for a church 
was on the highest point available, and consequently free from the effects of the floods. 



Page hundred forty-two Diamond Jubilee 

His biographer sounds a very sad note for Father McCabe's later years. When the new 
dioeese was ereated in southern Illinois the bishop ordered Father McCabe's removal from 
Cairo, and the order seemed so unfair and unreasonable to the good old missionary, after the 
efforts he had exerted, and the life he had lead, that he remonstrated. The bishop summarily, 
however, enforced his ordei-s by suspension, and the old clergyman was obliged to remain with- 
out the faculties of the priesthood for the rest of his life. He remained a resident of Cairo, 
however, and commanded the respect of all who came in contact with him. 

REV. THOMAS WALSH. 

Father Thomas Walsh was another of the traveling clergymen that made the circuit of 
Illinois. He had been pastor of the Cathedral of Cleveland, Ohio, and came to Illinois, and 
was appointed pastor at Cairo to succeed Father McCabe. Although a parish priest, it was 
Father TValsh 's custom to saddle his horse on Sunday afternoon and with his saddle-bags packed 
with the necessities for his holy ministrations, ride during the week until the next Sunday, from 
settlement to settlement, saying Mass, baptizing, teaching catechism and attending the sick and 
the dying. 

It was while engaged in these laborious duties that he contracted a cutaneous disease, 
locally known as the itch, resulting from poorly cooked food, imperfectly cured meat, and an 
absence of vegetable diet. His eyes became infected, and he was compelled to remain in a 
darkened room for an entire year with his e.ves covered, and although he recovered to a certain 
extent, he lived but a short time, falling dead on the altar just as he finished a sermon in Cairo 
on St. Patrick's Day. His biographer says of him: "I knew Father Walsh well, and no 
nobler or more hospitable priest ever lived. His position was a verj^ delicate one on account 
of the differences of the bishop and Father McCabe, in which he tried to be neutral, but some 
of the people could only see him a-s a partisan. My recollection is that he and Father McCabe 
died the same week." 

REVEREND THOMAS MANGAN. 

Of Father Thomas Mangan, another of the early missionary priests, Father Larmer gives 
us this bit of information: "I do not know whether Father Mangan had any practical knowl- 
edge of mechanical labor before he became a priest, but he worked on the Jerseyville church, 
and, in the intervals when not on missionary duty in the neighboring counties, finished the 
church and built the altar alone." 

The same author tells us what happened after Father Mangan had finished the churcli, and 
kis words are so quaint as to be well worth repeating: "The first time I saw Father Mangan 
was in 1858. He had just returned from Jerseyville, 111., to Alton, fording the Piasa River, 
as the bridge was swept away, or, more likely in those days, there was no bridge. He rode a 
piebald Indian pony, and, indeed, he looked as if the whole was not worth $10.00. Father 
Mangan was of medium stature, very homely in the face and common in appearance. ' ' 

Father Mangan 's errand on this occasion "was to report to the bishop that he had finished 
the Catholic church in .lerseyville. " The bishop received the information, no doubt, with 
pleasure, but instead of commissioning Father Siangan as pastor gave the parisli and the new 
church to a young French priest, which action, his biographer tells us, very much disappointed 
Father Mangan and "made him sad when he would tliiiik of it even until a few days ])eforc he 
died. .3!) jcars thereafter." 

After being removed from Jerseyville, Father Mangan attended the Catliolics in Jersey, 
McCoupin, Greene and other counties. 

He was next appointed to Jacksonville, and was soon called from there to tiie Cathedral 
at Alton. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred forty-three 

From the cathedral Father Mangau was sent to Mattoon, and the extensive prairie missions 
centered there. He remained in Mattoon a number of years, and until after the death of the first 
bishop and the second was appointed. 

Although Father Mangan had many trials and sorrows in the new diocese of Alton, he 
was adopted into the Diocese of Chicago by Bishop James Duggan, wliile he was yet admin- 
istrator after the retirement of Bishop 'Regan, and was by him appointed to Macomb and the 
neighboring missions, now part of the Peoria Diocese. He was later sent to New Dublin and 
thence to Freeport. 

We meet this good missionary again after the diocese of Chicago had been erected into 
an archdiocese. The new archbishop. Most Reverend Patrick Augustine Feehan, knew Father 
Mangan as he had been a few months awaiting ordination where the archbishop taught as 
professor in Carondelet Seminary. "From this time until his death," saj's his biographer, 
"peace and honor was his lot. Surel.y he deserved it." 

The Archbishop knew Father Mangan 's scholarship and his piety under his plain and 
unsophisticated exterior and honoi-ed him in every way as far as he did any priest in his 
archdiocese. Soon after Archbishop Feehan 's assuming jurisdiction. Father Mangan was sent 
to Joliet as pastor of St. Mary's and made dean of that district. The parish had a debt of 
$40,000 but Father Mangan took hold vigorously and through many years of hard labor, which 
he, himself, described as np-hill work, he scored a success. He died in Joliet on Feb. 5, 1898. 

REVEREND PATRICK TERRY. 

Father Patrick Terry was another one of the missionary giants: "He was six feet six 
inches in height, Cossack-like in appearance, had a voice like a lion's roar in the forests, but with 
all was a worthy priest. ' ' 

Father Terry began his ministrj' at Bridgeport, the junction of the Chicago River and 
the Illinois-Michigan Canal. He attended the laborers along the canal as far as Joliet. Chicago 
was the starting point — the canal and the railroads leading out from the city were his fields 
of labor. After looking after the spiritual interests of the caualers Father Terrj^ was ap- 
pointed to Ottawa, where he remained for many years. "Manj^ are the hardships and amus- 
ing episodes he related when attending the scattered farmers where there were no towns or 
churches." 

After leaving Ottawa, Father Terry was appointed to St. Patrick's Church, Chicago, and 
after serving there satisfactorily for a few years, the good pastor suddenly dropped dead in his 
library one evening. 

REVEREND THOMAS KENNEDY. 

On the 26th of June, 1847, Right Reverend William Quarter, first Bishop of Chicago, or- 
dained Rev. Thomas Kennedy, and that good priest began his missionary career in Illinois. 
Father Larmer says that after his ordination it became Father Keunedj-'s duty "to hunt up 
the scattered Catholics throughout central Illinois." To the same authority we are indebted 
for an account of some of Father Kennedy's peculiarities. "He was a singular man in some 

respects," says Father Larmer, "but earnest, solid and faithful Among the Irish 

farmers he was their warm-hearted ideal priest. He did not take well with American Catholics, 
which were numerous in Hancock, McDonough, Henderson and Fulton Counties, over which 
he traveled on priestly duties. They did not understand him, and he, less them." 

One of Father Kennedy's places, where he made a sort of headquarters, was Nauvoo, on 
the Mississippi River. The Mormons, who had made Nauvoo their headquarters, had been 
driven out of the .state. Father Kennedy bouglit Elder Parle Pratt's store and hou.se, and 
made a church and residence there. From Nauvoo, Father Kennedy u.sed to start on horseback 
and ride over Hancock, McDonough, Hender.son and Fulton Counties as far as Peoria once a 
month and return cireuitouslv to Nauvoo. 



Page hundred forty-four ■ Diamond Jubilee 

By reason of his frank characteristics Father Kennedy failed to please Bishop 'Regan, 
although he had always been befriended by Bishops Quarter and Van de Velde, and it is related 
that Bishop O 'Regan frequently considered his suspension. Incidents connected with this 
matter are amusingly detailed by Father Larmer, who says : " As Father Kennedy had a ierra. 
incognito to the bishop, he was not sure that the letters of suspension would reach him ; so they 
were addressed to Father McElhearne for delivery. When Father McElhearne would get such 
lettei-s, suspecting their import, he would send word to Father Kennedy to keep out of the 
way until the storm would blow over. Then, innocently Father McElhearne would return the 
letters to the bishop with the endorsement that Father Kennedy's missions were so extensive it 
would be likely that he would call on the bishop before he (Father McElhearne) could reach 
him. That ended each effort, as on second thought the bishop would re-consider his action." 

In later years Father Kennedy became pastor at Bloomington, and afterwards went to 
Aurora, and later still was called to Chicago and made pastor of St. Thomas' chiirch on East 
Fifty-fifth Street, Hvde Park. 



REV. JOSEPH H. FORTMANN. 

A Catholic center now in the diocese of Alton, is Highland. The first settlers fi'om 1831- 
1842, were nearly all Catholics, at least in name, though without strong affiliations to the Church. 
The years 1840 and 1841 brought more than one hundred from the Grand Duchj^ of Baden, be- 
sides a number of Swiss and a few Bavarian Catholics. Occasionally, probably twice a year, a 
prie.st was sent them from St. Louis. More frequent became the visits since Shoal Creek (Ger- 
mantown), had a resident prie.st in the person of Rev. Joseph H. Fortmann, ordained at the 
Barrens. November 1, 1837, and since then pastor of Apple Creek, Missouri. He did his best 
to persuade the Catholics to build a church, and in this he succeeded. The cornerstone was 
placed in 1844, on the first day of May. The first Mass was celebrated in this church of High- 
land in 1846, by Rev. Joseph Kuenster, pastor of Teutopolis. Father Fortmann was recalled 
from Shoal Creek by Bishop Rosatti in 1847, and sent as pastor to St. Joseph's Chiirch of Grosse 
Point (near TVilmette and Chicago), where he stayed from 1847 to 1853. During his staj^ at 
Gro.sse Point he erected St. Peter's Church at Niles Center. Next we find him busily engaged 
at St. Mary's of the Woods at Highland Park (Chicago), after which he was appointed pastor 
of St. Peter's Church at Teutopolis. Here he worked against many odds and difficulties from 
Augu.st 5, 1857, to January, 1858. He had made arrangements for the construction of a new 
parochial residence, for which purpose he had collected the sum of !i;723. Before he witnessed 
the realization of his plans, however, he was sent to Peoria to assume charge of St. Joseph's 
Church of that city. Three weeks after his advent to Peoria, Father Joseph F. Fortmann died. 



REV. THOMAS QUIGLEY, D. D. 

R^'v. Thomas Quiglcy was ordained in 184f) liy Arciibishop Kcnrick of St. Louis. He was 
a subject of the Bishop of Chicago, in whose diocese he spent almost his entire priestly life. 
Whilst the Illinois Central railroad was being constructed P^ither Quigley made many trips 
along that line, and his success with the poor fellows is said to have bet^n marvelous. In 1855 
he came to Springfield as pastor of the old St. John's church. He soon formed the design of 
erecting a new building and placing it under the j)atronagc of the Immaculate Conception 
B. V. M. Dr. Qniglcy built the foundation, Init did not remain to complete the work. When 
leavinf^ he was replaced by Rev. Patrick J. McElhearne, whilst he assumed charge of parish 
work in the northern part of the state. 

Rev. Thomas Quigley was known in literary circles as a writer of some note. 



Diamond Jubilee Page hundred forty -five 

REV. MICHAEL HURLEY. 

Binh op-elect of Peoria, 1875. 

A quondam pastor of the Church of the Immaculate Conception of Springfield, was Rev. 
Michael Hurley, having been appointed to the position in \SM. He succeeded Rev. Michael 
Prendergast. Owing to the brevity of his stay of but a few months, which were rather void 
of any notable achievements, we would be tempted to be satisfied with the mere mention of 
this short incumbency were it not for the important fact that the erstwhile Springfield pa.stor 
had been chosen by tlie Holy See to become the first Bishop of Peoria. This new diocese was 
created in 1875, by a subdivision of the Chicago Diocese. Father Hurley was at the time pastor 
of St. Patrick's Church of Peoria. He had been pastor of all the English-speaking Catholics 
of the city, St. Mary's, since 1864, and when the parish was divided in 1868, had chosen the 
new St. Patrick's parish in which to continue his labors. While he was by virtue of location 
and his knowledge of the new diocese, the most available candidate for the position, he mod- 
estly and humbly signified his wishes to the Holy See, at the same time returning the bulls of 
appointment. Singularly his declination, and the bulls never reached Rome, but went down off 
the coast of France in a vessel lost at sea. Pope Pius IX and the Propaganda were advised 
from other sources of the state of affairs, and on November 28, 1876, Rev. .lohn Lancaster 
Spalding was appointed Bishop of the new see. 

Father Michael Hurley built the present St. Patrick's church of Peoria in 1878, and erected 
a commodious brick school house in 1888. 

He was born in Tipperary, Ireland, in the year 1826. His education was completed at 
Dublin, where he was raised to the priesthood. Coming to this country he labored as priest in 
Lockport, Blooraington and Springfield before going to Peoria as pastor of St. Patrick's Church 
in 1864. His death occurred at Peoria on December 11, 1892. 

REVEREND JOSEPH VAHEY. 

Father Vahey was another of the nineteenth century missionaries. 

An intellectual man of great literary attainments, a known writer of ability, whose name 
had become familiar to the world of letters and education was Father Vahey. His treatise on 
"Mental Philosophy" had given him a wide reputation. He occupied some of the foremost 
parishes in Wisconsin, among them Madison, and biiilt St. Patrick's Church of Milwaiikee. 

Father Vahey was for some years a missionary priest in Iowa and Central Illinois, and 
amongst other places he occupied in this state and diocese was that of Paris in 1862. and Van- 
dalia from April 12, 1863, to December 3, 1866. 

When the evening of life had set' in. Father Vahey retired to Elkhoru, Wisconsin. There 
he peacefully expired and his remains were buried there. While Father Vahey was located at 
Paris he built a plain frame church and cottage along the railroad track and west of the town, 
too far away to be comfortable and convenient of access. 

REVEREND ABRAM J. RYAN. 

One of the most interesting of the many clergymen who preached the Gospel of Christ in 
Illinois was Father Abram .T. Ryan, "the Poet Priest of the South."' Father Ryan was born 
in Norfolk. Virginia, August 15, 1831). and was educated for the priesthood and ordained 
just before the beginning of the Civil War. When the war broke out he entered the Confeder- 
ate Army as a chaplain. 

Father Ryan's great fame first came to him after the conclusion of the war. when in the 
hour of defeat he composed and gave to the world his "Conquered Banner." Father Ryan told 
a friend that the exquisite measure of this poem Avas taken from one of the Gregorian Iljrmns. 
"The Marseillaise, as a hymn of victory, never more profoundly stirred the hearts of France 



H 



■^<^ 




JP/r lien. Edmund M. danne 

'Past Chancellor 
Mow Bishop oF Peoria 





Meryl^eu. Edward hoban,D.D. 
Chancellor 



Oteu. Dennis J. dunneJ),J). 
Assistant Ctianeellor 



BBS 



The Chancellary, 1659 




The Archdiocese of Chicago Page hundred forty-seven 

than did this hymn of defeat tlie hearts of tliosc to whom it was addressed. It was read or 
suiior in every southern househokl, and tlnis became tlie apotheosis of the 'Lost Cause'." Father 
Ryan wrote many other beautiful |)oems and edited The titar, a Catholic weekly, and later 
founded The Banner of the South. lie later retired to Mobile. 

In 1862-68 we find iiim attached to the parish of St. Mary's at Peoria, where the church 
records show that he was pastor fi'om December 16, 1862, to September 13, 186;?. 

In 1880 Father Ryan lectured in several northern cities and had a very popidar reception. 
His "Poems — Patriotic, Miscellaneous and Religious," have reached a twenty-fourth editijin. 

Father Ryan died at Louisville, Kentucky, April 22, 1886, but his remains lie buried in the 
cemetery at Mobile, where admirers have raised a monument of some pretentions to his memory. 

REV. LOUIS A. LAMBERT. 

A very able priest who ditl missionary work in Illinois during tlic ninetee!ith century \vas 
Rev. Louis A. Lambert, best known in this part of the country at least fi-oin his trenchant 
answers to the infidel doctrines of "Bob" In^ersoli, published under the title "Notes on 
IngersoU. " 

Father Lambert was born at Allanport, Pennsylvania, February 11, 1S:!o, and died at 
Newfoundland, N. J., September 25, 1910. 

Father Lambert did missionary work in Cairo, Shawneetown and various places in south- 
ern Illinois, before and after the war. In speaking- of him Father Larmer says: "Father 
Lambert, without exception, has the reputation of being the best polemical writer in the Eng- 
lish-speaking world. His works against infidelity were, as I was told by a preacher, published 
by the half million by the Methodist Book Concern and distributed in eastern workshops and 
in Canada." 

In 1894 Father Lambert became the editor of the Freeman's Journal, and remained in 
that work until his death. In this position he had been preceded by James W. and John E. 
"White, nephews of Gerald Griffin, the Iri.sh novelist; Eugene Casserly and John T. Devereux; 
Rev. James Roosevelt Bailey, afterwards Archbishop of Baltimore ; Orestes A. Brownson ; 
James A. McMaster and Maurice Francis Egan. Prior to becoming editor of the Freeman's 
Journal, Father Lambert had held a similar position on the Catholic Standard and Times. 

There were other priests who were obliged to travel around more or less and who suffered 
many of the hardships of the traveling missionaries, but those above named devoted a large part 
of their lives to such labors and deserve to be remembered for the sacrifices they made. 

THE CHANCELLARY 

The office of the Chancellor of the Archdiocese is one of the busiest institutions in the City 
of Chicago. This office deals not alone with most important spiritual matters, but also with 
immense financial interests. On the spiritual side the duties of the chancellor correspond closely 
to those of secretary to the archbishop, while on the financial side his duties partake both of the 
nature of secretary and busi!iess manager of the great corporati<in sole, the legal entity of the 
diocese. 

The local administration of the affairs of the diocese is not regulated in detail by any gen- 
eral law of the Church, but is committed largelj' to the head of the diocese. Accordingly the 
organization of different dioceses may differ quite materiallj-, and although there are many dio- 
ceses in which no chancellary is maintained, yet such an ofitice has been common since the prim- 
itive days of the Church. The famous Apostolic Chancery (Ciincelliiri Apostolica) developed 
in time from the chancellor of the primitive Bishop of Rome. 

The first Plenary Council of Baltimore in 1852 expressed the wish that in every diocese 
there should be a chancery to facilitate ecclesiastical administration and establish for its con- 
duct a more or less identical .system. 



Page hundred forty-eight Diamond Jubilee 

The creation of the ohancellary of the Diocese of Chicago dates from 1859, when Right 
Rev. James Duggan. D. D.. the fourth bishop, appointed Rev. John McMullen to the office of 
chancellor. Dr. ilcMiillen. as is well known, at one time vicar-general, was president of the 
I'niversity of St. Mary of the Lake, pastor of the Holy Name Cathedral, and was finally raised 
to the episcopacy as bishop of the Diocese of Davenport, Iowa. 

The next chancellor of the Chicago Diocese was Rev. (now Monsignor) Daniel J. Riordan, 
selected first by Right Rev. Thomas Foley, the fifth bishop. Chancellor Riordan was reappointed 
by. Most Rev. Patrick Augustine Feehan, the first Archbishop of Chicago, in 1880. 

The following priests served as chancellors under the Most Rev. Archbishop Feehan : 

R*v. D. M. J. Dowling, now deceased; Rev. P. D. Gill, pastor of Our Lady of Mount Car- 
mel : Rev. Bernard Murray, now deceased ; Right Rev. M. J. Fitzsimmons, V. G., present rector 
of the Cathedral ; Right Rev. Peter J. Muldoon, D. D., Bishop of Rockford ; Rev. N. Mooney, 
now deceased : Rev. Francis Barry, present pastor of Lake Forest. 

Rev. Francis Barry continued as chancellor under Most Rev. James E. Quigley until the 
year 1905. when Rev. (now Right Reverend) Edmund M. Dunne was appointed. 

Very Rev. Edward F. Hoban, D. D., present chancellor, was born in Chicago, and received 
his early training in the parochial school at St. Columbkille 's parish. He then passed to St. 
Ignatius College for his classical studies. From this institution he went to St. Mary's Sem- 
inary. Baltimore. Maryland, for his philosophy and theology. He was ordained in Chicago by 
the Most Rev. Archbishop James E. Quigley on July 11, 1903. After some time spent in parish 
work he was sent to Rome to prepare for seminary work. Receiving the doctor's degree from 
the Gregorian University, he returned home to be appointed in July, 1906, assistant chancellor. 
Chancellor Rev. E. M. Dunne was made Bishop of Peoria, and the Very Rev. E. F. Hoban, 
D. D., was appointed in his place, January, 1910. 

The Very Rev. Edward F. Hoban was raised to the degree of Monsignor at Christmas of 
the year 1917. 

Rev. Dennis J. Dunne. D. D., was born in Chicago and received his early training in the 
parochial school of St. Jarlath's parish, and afterwards at the Christian Brothers in St. Pat- 
rick's parish. 

His classical course was made at St. Charles College, Ellicott City, Maryland, and his phil- 
osophy and theologj- at St. Mary's Seminary, Baltimore, Maryland. He was ordained by Right 
Rev. Bishop Curtis in Baltimore on June 18, 1901. His first appointment was to Corpus Christi 
Church, where he remained for a little over one .year. He was then sent to Rome for higher 
studies. After two years spent abroad he returned to Chicago, where he taught for eight 
years in the Quigley Preparatory Seminary. In 1915 he was appointed Assistant Chancellor, 
which position he now holds. 

The chancellary office is located at 740 Cass Street, Chicago, adjoining the rectory of the 
Hfily Name Cathedral. 

For tfie facts in this chapter the first and most valuable .source is the booklet. "Lives of 
Early Catholic Missionaries of the Xinetecnth Century in Illinois." by licv. John Larmar, President 
of the n. a. Aflair Printinu Company, Chieado. IVext. Father A. Zurbonsen's "In Memoriam — Cler- 
ical {{cad HoU of the Diocese of Alton." The most rornprehensive study of V. Rev. Stephen 
Theodore Itndin is found in Historical Records and .^Indies. U. S. Catholic Historical Society. Yol. 
IX. ji. lot et. seq. A fine paper on Father Caspar H. Ostlangenbero by Rev. F. G. Holweck, St. 
Louis, appears in the Illinois Catholic Historical Review for July, 1H20, and another by Rev. J. B. 
Culenian. MoUne, Illinois, on Rev. John George Allcman, O. B., appears in the October, 1919, number 
of the same magazine. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hutidred forty-nine 



XVI. 

^ansl)es anb (!Ilturcl|cs l^tmx ta tli^ (ttreatian 
of i\\t piaccse 

While our theme is the Archdiocese of Chicago, yet it is not ouly interesting but, in a sense, 
necessary to dwell briefly upon the condition of the Church prior to the creation of the diocese 
in order that an intelligent connection between past and present conditions be established. 



Immaculate Conception 
Kaskaskia, 1675 

As has been seen. Father James Marquette, 
S. J., established the first mission or church 
organization in what is now the territory of 
Illinois, on the 11th of April, 1675. He named 
the foundation "The Mission of the Immacu- 
late Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary." 
The site of the mission was a plain near what 
is now Utica, in La Salle County, Illinois, and 
that site was retained until 1699. 

While the Mission of the Immaculate Con- 
ception was located at Utica, it was tended 
first by Father James Marquette, (1675) ; 
afterwards by Father Claude Jean Allouez, 
S. J., (1675-1689) ; Father Sebastien Rale, 
S. J., (1692-1694) ; Father Jacques Gravier, 
S. J., (1693-1700) ; Father Pierre Francois 
Pinet, S. J., (1697-1699) ; Father Julian Bine- 
teau, S. J., (1697-1699) ; Father Pierre Gab- 
riel Marest, S. J., (1699). 

Late in the year 1699, the Mission was re- 
moved to the northwest part of what is now 
Randolph County, and relocated on the banks 
of a river about six miles from the Mississippi. 
Here the village established and the river also 
took the name of Kaskaskia. Here a new 
church was built, the first being a temporary 
structure which, with perhaps renewals and 
improvements, did service until 1714, when a 
stone church was built. In 1720 the mission 
was raised to a parish, but the stone church 
did service until 1774, when it was replaced 
by another of similar material, but larger. 
This church was seriously damaged by floods 
and was taken down in 1801, and the fourth 
building erected, which lasted until 1838. In 
1843 a new church was built which did service 
until 1894, when the present edifice was built 
and which now stands a considerable distance 
south of the original church site. 



The Jesuits who ministered in the mission 
and parish after the removal of the mission 
and before their banishment, were Father 
Pierre Gabriel Marest, who superintended the 
removal and who had charge until 1715 ; 
Father Jean Mermet, (1702-1716) ; Father 
Louis Marie Deville, (1707-1720) ; Father 
Jean Charles Guymoneau, (1719-1736) ; 
Father Joseph Francis de Kereben, (1719- 
1728) ; Father Jean Antoine le BouUenger, 
(1719-1740) ; Father Nicholas Ignatius de 
Beaubois, (1719-1735) ; Father Jean Dumas, 
(1729-1739) ; Father Rene Tartarin (1729- 
1745) ; Father Philibert Watrin, (1733-1763) ; 
Father Etienue Doutreleau, (1735-1741) ; 
Father Alexis Xavier Guyenne (1736-1762) ; 
Father Louis Vivier, (1750-1754) ; Father 
Julian Joseph Fourre, (1749-1750) ; Father 
Jean Baptiste Aubert, (1758-1764) ; Father 
Sebastien Louis Meurin, (1746-1777). 

These missionaries were not all of the time 
at Kaskaskia, but were located at some of the 
other Illinois missions at various times as 
well. The dates indicate the period during 
which they were in the Illinois mission and not 
specifically the time spent at Kaskaskia. They 
all ministered in Kaskaskia, however, at var- 
ious times. 

Since the days of the Jesuits, the Church 
of the Immaculate Conception has been tended 
as follows : 

Father Pierre Gibault, secular, (1768- 
1785) ; Father Paul de St. Pierre, Carmelite, 
(1785-1786) ; Father Pierre Huet de la Va- 
liniere, secular, (1786-1789); Father Gabriel 
Richard, Sulpitian, (1793-1798) ; Father 
Pierre Janin, secular, (1795-1797) ; Father 
Donatien Olivier, secular, (1799-1833) ; Fath- 
er Francis Xavier Dahmen, secular, (1825- 
1826) ; Father Hercules Brassac, secular, 
(1822-1833) ; Father John Timon, C. M., 
(1827-1829) ; Father Francis Cellini, C. M., 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred fifty-one 



(1824-1828); Father Victor Pallaisson, secu- 
lar, (but became a Jesuit later), (18;i()-l831) ; 
Father Vital Van Cloostere, secular, (1832); 
Father Mathew Coiuliinine, seoilar, (1832- 
1834) ; Father B. Roux, secular, (1835-1838) ; 
Fathers Joseph N. Wiseman and Francis B. 
Jamison, both secular, (1836) ; Father J. B. 
Healy, secular, (1837) ; Father Timothy Jos- 
eph Conway, secular, (1838) ; Fathers G. H. 
Tochman, secular, Richard Bole, secular, Peter 
J. Doutreluingue, C. M., Hipolyte Gandolpho, 
secular, and John Mary Ireiieaus St. Cyr, 
secular, came and went from 1839 to 1844; 
Father N. Stehle, C. M., (1840) ; Father Pat- 
rick McCabe, C. P., and Father Joseph Pa- 
quin, C. M., (1842) ; Father Vital Van Cloos- 
tere, secular, (1844-1846) ; Father Patrick J. 
Donahue, secular, (1846) ; Father James 
Flynn, secular, (1847) ; Father John Fahy, 
secular, (1848) ; Father Nicholas Perrin, secu- 
lar, (1849-1859); Father Wenceslaus J. B. 
Repis, secular, (1859-1860); Father Jean 
Adolphe Jaeque, secular, (1860-1862) ; Father 
C. G. Magnee, secular, (1862-1863); Father 
Jean Adolphe Jaeque, again, (1863-1867) ; 
Father P. J. Bedard, secular (1867-1869) ; 
Father Joannes Schiff, secular, (1869) ; Fath- 
er Aloysius Wiewer, 0. S. F., (1870) ; Father 
J. D. Klein, secular, (1870-1871); Father 
Vincentius Nagler, secular, (1871-1872) ; 
Father Joseph Lucas, secular, (1872) ; Father 
Frederick Metzger, secular, (1873-1880) ; 
Father H. J. Hoven, secular, (1880) ; Father 
Joseph Finnegan, secular, (1881-1882) ; Fath- 
er H. Hegeman, secular, (1882-1883) ; Father 
Henry Becker, secular, (1883-1884); Father 
L. W. Ferland, secular, (1884-1893) ; Father 
H. Goosens, secular, (1893-1903) ; Father Jos- 
eph Duenn, secular, (1903-1908) ; Father 
Joseph A. Reinhardt, secular, (1908-1913); 
Father John Grootens, secular, (1913-1916) ; 
Father John Oberlinkels, secular, (1916- 
1920). Thus we trace the Marquette founda- 
tion in the particular church organization 
established by him. 

In connection with this foundation a 
record, one of the most noteworthy in exist- 
ence in America, may be examined in the or- 
iginal at the St. Louis University, where it is 
at present kept. The existing record begins 
with 1695, some years, of course, after Mar- 
quette's time, but during the time of Father 
James Gravier, S. J., who was the third in 
succession to Father IMarquette, and who min- 
istered in the upper Illinois region, where the 
mission was first located. From that time 
until 1729 the record is continuous, but from 



June 7, 1729, until January 3, 1741, all of the 
parish registers have been lost. Baptismal 
records are missing from 1741 to 1759, and 
death and burial records, which began Janu- 
ary 4, 1721, arc missing from 1727 until 1764, 
and nuirriagc I'ccords are lost from June 7, 
1729, to Janiuii-y 3, 1741. These lost records 
are unaccounted for, and there is a bare pos- 
sibility that .some or all of them may sometime 
come to light. 

There is abundant evidence, however, to 
establish that the present Church of the Im- 
maculate Conception, located near the former 
site of Kaskaskia (for the center of settlement 
of the French daj's has been entirely swept 
away by the changes in the courses of the 
Mississippi River) is the identical church 
foundation established by Father James Mar- 
quette on April 11, 1675. 

Angel Guardian Mission 
Chicago, 1696 

The next church organization established 
in the territory now known as Illinois was the 
Mission of the Angel Guardian. Just what 
date in 1696, Father Francois Pinet, S. J., 
established the Angel Guardian Mission is not 
known, nor is it definitely known exactly 
where it was located, but it is known that it 
was not far from Lake Michigan, and not far 
from the mouth of the Chicago River. In 
another connection it has been suggested that 
the evidence indicates that this mission must 
have been on the lake front somewhere be- 
tween what is now Randolph Street and Jack- 
son Boulevard, and that its probable site was 
a part of Grant Park, fronting the lake and 
included between those two streets. 

Only two priests are known to have min- 
istered at this mission, namely Father Fran- 
cois Pinet, S. J., and Father Julian Bineteau, 
S. J., and it was abandoned or suppressed in 
1699 by the P"'rench Governor of Canada. 

Holy Family — Cahokia, 1699 

The next church organization was that of 
the Mission of the Holy Family, established 
first by Father Francois Pinet, S. J., the same 
who founded the Mission of the Angel Guard- 
ian. This mission was located in what became 
the village or town of Cahokia. St. Clair 
Comity, in the year 1699. Almost immedi- 
ately after its establishment the Fathers of the 
Foreign Mi.ssious — a name given to the priests 
trained at the seminary established in Quebec 
by Bishop Jean Baptiste de la Croix St. Va- 



4 <^ 



^O^- 



SQ 




St. James' Church, Sag Dridge, III. 1(337 




Rev. FE.O Bryan 



St. Dennis Church. Lockport, III. 1637 



J2l 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred fifty-three 



lier for traiiiinp; of priests for foreip;ii missions 
— took charge, and it remained under their 
jurisdiction until 176:5. The Fatliers of the 
Foreign Missions successively in charge of 
Holy Family, were Fathers Francis Buisson 
de Saint Cosme, (1700-1701) ; John Bergier, 
(1701-1707); Dominic Mary Varlet, (1707- 
1718) ; Dominic Anthony Thaumur de la 
Source, (1718-1728) ; John le Mercier, (1718- 
1754) ; G. Galvarin, (1718) ; Joseph Courrier, 
(1728-1753); Joseph Gaston, (1728); Abbe 
Joseph Gaguon, (1750) : Abbe Nicholas 
Laurenz, (1754-1758), and Father Francois 
Forget Duverger, (1754-1763). 

The pastors in charge since the Fathers of 
the Foreign Missions included Fathers Se- 
bastien Louis Meuriii, S. J. ; Pierre Gibault ; 
Paul de St. Pierre ; Michael Levedoux, Sul- 
pitian; Gabriel Richard, Sulpitian; Charles 
Leander Lusson, Rec. ; Jean Oliver; P. Sa- 
vine ; Joseph Antoiue Lutz von Odenheim ; 
Peter J. Doutreluingue, C. M. ; Jean Francis 
Regis Loisel ; Ignatz Maes ; Jean Schultz ; 
Jean Maistre ; — Vigle ; N. Stehle ; Timothee 
Carie ; H. Laudry ; J. A. Jaeque ; F. Kempin ; 
J. F. Meifiss ; N. Diedrick ; L. W. Ferland ; A. 
Vollebregt ; F. Mumbour ; F. B. Berkenbrock ; 
Robert Hines, and the present pastor, J. 
Wiemar. 

Holy Familj' parish, it is seen, has con- 
tinued uninterruptedly from its foundation 
to the present, and is one of the most inter- 
esting historical monuments of the Mississippi 
Valley. 

The first church in Holy Family parish 
was undoubtedly a temporary structure, such 
as was set up in those early days, but nothing 
very detinite is known about church structures 
in the parish prior to 1783. In that year 
fire destroyed the church in use, and with it 
all of the parish records. A few relies sur- 
vived the fire, amongst them a bell wliicli hung 
in a tree in the churchyard, a Missal printed 
in 1668, a Monstrance made in 1717, and a 
silver chalice and paten. Apparently no new 
church was built until the last few years of 
the eighteenth century, when, under the direc- 
tion of Fathers Michael Levadoux, Gabriel 
Richard and Jean Olivier, a new church (that 
heretofore referred to) was built and is still 
standing. The walls of the church are hewed 
walnut logs, the floor is made of split cotton- 
wood, and the roof of cypress clapboards. 
The logs forming the wall are set angling or 
leaning inwardly, and the spaces between 
them are filled with mortar. Sometime after 
being built these walls have been covered over 



on the exterior by cla|)-b()ardiMg or siding. 

Records have been kept since the fire, the 
burial record beginning with 1783. There is 
no baptismal record prior to 1812, and no 
marriage record i)rior to 1822. 

Holy Family parish also boasts one of the 
earliest educational institutions in Illinois. 
While the Sisters of the Visitation established 
a school in Kaskaskia in 1833, the Sisters of 
the Order of St. Joseph opened a school in 
Cahokia in conection with Holy Family parish 
'in 1836. Mother Mary Fabronie and Sisters 
Louise and Stephen of the Order of St. Joseph 
came from France for the purpose of opening 
this school, and they and their succe.s.sors con- 
ducted a school until 1860. 

Our Lady of the Visitation 
St. Phillippe, 1720 

The French government had a policy of 
granting land to companies or individuals for 
the purpose of development, and in dealing 
with the French possessions in America, fre- 
quently exercised that policy. The first such 
grant, within what is now known as Illinois, 
was made to Anthony Crozat in 1712, but 
failing to profit as much as was expected, 
Crozat surrendered his grant in 1717, and 
another and more extensive grant was made 
to the Company of the West, which merged 
with the Royal India Company in 1720. One 
of the articles of this grant reads as follows : 
"As in the settlement of the countries granted 
to said companies by these presents, we regard 
especially the glory of God by procuring the 
salvation of the inhabitants, Indians, savages, 
and negroes, whom we desire to be instructed 
in the true religion, the said company shall be 
obliged to build, at its expense, churches at 
the places where it forms settlements ; as also 
to maintain there the necessary number of 
approved ecclesiastics, either with the rank of 
parish priests or such others as shall be suit- 
able, in order to preach the Hol}^ Gospel there, 
perform divine service, administer the sacra- 
ments — all under the authority of the Bishop 
of Quebec; the said colony remaining in his 
diocese as heretofore, and the parish priests 
and other ecclesiastics, which the said com- 
pany shall maintain there shall be at his 
nomination and patronage. ' ' 

The Company of the West being empow- 
ered to sublet or grant to others, in 1723 
granted a large tract of land west of the Mis- 
sissippi and another fifteen leagues square 
near the present city of Peoria, and a third 
about five miles north of Fort du Chartres to 



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St. Patrick's Church, Joliet, III. 1<33S 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred fifty- five 



Phillip Rciiiuilt. On this latter tract Renault 
established the villajie of St. Phillippe and 
settled near there a larfje number of work 
people that he had broiifrht into the territory. 

In this settlement was established the par- 
ish of Our Lady of the Visitation, no doubt 
soon after the foundation of the villajre in 
1723. The Visitation was an out-mission of 
St. Anne's at Fort Chartres during the exist- 
ence of the latter, but continued as a church 
or chapel at least until 1799, as appears from 
an entry on the parish reffister at St. Joseph's 
at Prairie du Rocher of a baptism by Father 
J. T. Rivet, September 6, 1799, "in the chapel 
of St. Phillippe." 

Not a trace of the Church of the Visita- 
tion or, indeed, of the town of St. Phillipe, 
remains. 

St. Anne du Fort de Chartres, 
1720 

The parish of St. Anne, founded about 
1720, was the outfrrowth of the establishment 
of the French Fort Chartres on the Mississippi 
River. As soon as the fort was established 
it was provided with a chaplain, and quite a 
number of people settled near by, necessitat- 
ing a church. During the palmy days of Fort 
Chartres, St. Anne's was a very prominent 
church. An edict of the King of France ap- 
pears amongst the records of this old church, 
governing the position of the officers of state, 
armj' and marine, whilst in the church or in 
religious processions. 

The first pastor at St. Anne's was Father 
Jean Antoine le Boullenger, S. J., who was 
one of the most brilliant of the early mission- 
aries. So onerous were his duties that he had 
an assistant. Father Joseph Francois- de Kere- 
ben. The names of other priests appearing 
on the parish register include Fathers Nich- 
olas Ignatius de Beaubois, S. J. ; J. Gagnon, 
P. M. ; Nicholas Laurenze, F. M. ; Philibert 
Watrin, S. J. ; Francis Foi-get Duverger, F. 
M. ; Francis John St. Aubert, S. J. ; Hipolyte 
Collet, Rec. ; Luc Collet, Rec. 

The church was discontinued in 1765 or 
thereabout, and the records and altar equip- 
ment, together with some of the furniture, was 
taken ta St. Joseph's at Prairie du Rocher. 

St. Joseph's 
Prairie du Rocher, 1722 

In the shelter of the cliffs three miles from 
Fort Chartres there grew up a little village 
begun in 1722 on a grant which Pierre Dugue 
de Boisbriant made to himself wliile he was 



commandant at Fort Chartres, and which de- 
scended to his nephew, Jean St. Theresa 
Langlois. It is said that this village was 
founded in 1722. Early inhabitants of the 
village attended Mass at St. Anne du Fort de 
Chartres, three miles distant. Nevertheless 
a chapel of ease was soon built, and was at- 
tended l.)y priests stationed at St. Anne's. 

The little church was built of upright logs 
and was fifty feet long and :{4 feet wide. The 
church at Prairie du Rocher was an out-mis- 
sion of St. Anne's or of Holy Family at Ca- 
hokia at least until after the banisliment of 
the Jesuits in 176."i Father Sebastien Louis 
Meurin, who was the last i-emaining Jesuit, 
may or may not have taken up his residence 
at Prairie du Rocher soon after returning 
from New Orleans. At any rate on May 24. 
1768, he removed from the cemetery of St. 
Anne's the bodies of Rev. J. Gagnon and Rev. 
Luc Collet and reinterred them in the sanc- 
tuary of St. Joseph's, the former on the Go.s- 
pel side and the latter on the Epistle side. 

Father Meurin himself died there on Feb- 
ruary 23, 1777, and was also buried at the 
Gospel side of the altar, from whence, as we 
have seen, his remains were disinterred by 
Bishop Van de Velde, in 1849, and reinterred 
in the Jesuit cemetery at Florissant, Mo. 

All of the noted priests, Father Paul de 
St. Pierre, Carmelite, Father Pierre Gibault, 
Father Pierre Huet de Valiniere and Fathers 
Jean and Donatien Olivier, ministered at St. 
Joseph "s. 

Prairie du Rocher is another of the French 
villages that has survived and has had a more 
or less successful career. "The corner-stone 
of the present large church, built of brick, 
was laid July 19, 1858, by Rev. Nicholas Per- 
rin, parish priest of Kaskaskia and Chester, 
and administrator of Prairie du Rocher." It 
is located near the bluff, about half a mile 
from the site of the old church. The congre- 
gation now owns two entire blocks, one oc- 
cupied by the church, pastor's residence and 
residence of the principal of the parochial 
school ; and the other directly aero-ss the 
street, is occupied by the school and sisters' 
residence. Improvements were eonstantlj^ 
made. In 1874 the large sanctuary was added 
to the church. In 1880 a new front and tower 
were built at a cost of $3,506, and two bells 
were bought for .$1,200. In 1901 the church 
was newly frescoed. In 1908 a new main 
altar, valued at $950, was erected, and the 
following year the pipe organ was rebuilt. 
In 1910 new pews and communion rail were 



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Re\j Father Rov^les 



Rev. </ Hors burgh 



Holy NJame Church. Chicago, III. 1(345 



3 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred fifty-seven 



put in, costing $1,200. In 1912 a steam heat- 
ing system was installed, and other improve- 
ments made with an outlay of $1,500. Be- 
sides these items, other minor improvements 
have been made continually." 

A parochial school has existed in the par- 
ish since the early sixties. There are at 
present about 350 families in the parish, num- 
bering nearly 1,600 souls. 

The earliest burial ground is still in use 
at the present day. 

The parish register of St. Joseph's began 
in 1765 as an independent record, previous 
entries having been made at St. Anne's and 
Our Lady of the Visitation at St. Phillippe. 
The records of these two churches, however, 
are in the possession of the pastor of St. 
Joseph 's. 

The pastors' names appearing upon the 
register of St. Joseph are as follows : Sebas- 
t.ien Louis Meurin, 1765, until January, 1777 ; 
Pierre Gibault appears in one entry on Jan- 
uary 8, 1770, then continuously from October, 
1776, until September, 1784; again from Aug- 
ust, 1790, until June, 1791; Paul De St. 
Pierre, June, 1785, luitil April, 1786, again 
October, 1788; April, 1789; December, 1790; 
May and August, 1791, and from January un- 
til November, 1792. He seems to have been 
pastor of St. Genevieve from 1789 until 1797 ; 
Pierre Huet de la Valiniere, July, 1786, to 
October, 1788 ; Jacobin le Dru, from St. Louis, 
June, 1789; Jiily, 1791, and January, 1792; 
Michael Levadoux, V. G.. of Illinois, from Ca- 
hokia, September and October, 1792 ; Gabriel 
Richard, pastor, February, 1793, to February, 
1798; Charles Leauder Lusson, pastor, April, 
1798; H. F. Didier, from St. Louis, July, 
August, October, 1798; J. Fr. Rivet, from 
Vincennes, V. G. of Bishop of Baltimore, Sep- 
tember 29, 1798, and September 6, 1799. He 
dedicated the church at Cahokia on September 
4, 1799 ; Donatien Olivier, pastor, October, 
1798, until March, 1827 ; John Timon, C. M., 
April, 1827, until February, 1828; "Francis 
Cellini, September, 1827; July, 1828; Janu- 
ary, 1829; January, 1830; Fr. Xavier Dah- 
men, C. M., from Ste. Genevieve. Sept, 1829, 
May, June, July, September 1830. Pastor 
of Ste. Genevieve, Mo., from 1822 until 
. 1840; P. J. Doutreluingue, C. M., Decem- 
ber, 1829; February, April. May, 1830; 
pastor of Cahokia, July until August, 1836 ; 
Centerville Station, November, 1857, until 
January, 1872; Vital Van C^loostere, July, 
1830: February, 1832, to October. 1854; A. 
Mascaroni, September, December, 1830 ; Jan- 



uary, March, 1831 ; John Francis Regis Loisel, 
March, 1830 ; P. Borgna, October, 1830 ; Vic- 
tor Paillaisson, April, August, October, 1830; 
April, July, October, November, December, 
1831 ; J. N. Odin, C. M., and E. Dupuy, C. M., 
same day, October, 1832; P. Lefevre, October, 
1833 ; N. Perrin, pastor of Kaskaskia and ad- 
ministrator of Prairie du Rocher, January, 
4855, to September, 1859 ; Francis Recouvreur 
from Ruma, April, 1860; November, 1862; 
J. A. Jaeque, June, 1861, until October, 1862 ; 
Henry Frederick Frohboese, February, 1864, 
to May, 1876; Anthony Vogt, from Ruma, 
August, September, 1876 ; Charles Krewet, 
November, 1876, until February, 1902; 
Charles Eschnabb, March, 1902, until Febru- 
ary, 1911 ; William Van Delft, since Febru- 
ary 28, 1911. 

Our Lady of Good Help 
Monk's Mound, 1810 

A most interesting item in the Catholic 
history of Illinois is the story of the Trappist 
establishment at what is known as Monks' 
Mound. 

This early formation is what is generally 
considered to be a structure built up by some 
people who inhabited the region before white 
men knew anything of it — whether Indians 
of other tribes than those found here or an- 
cestors of the natives _found by white men, or 
an entirely different race, sometimes called 
Moinid Builders. 

Monks" Mound is one of a group of large 
mounds still existing in St. Clair County not 
far from East St. Louis, and it was upon one 
of this group of mounds that a band of Trap- 
pists established a church, school, community 
houses and refectories in the year 1810. 

The story of the representatives of this 
somewhat strange order in America is quite 
interesting: "When the French revolution 
broke out the Cistercians, located at La 
Trappe, France, were scattered over Europe. 
Dom. Augustoine de Lestrange, who was the 
master of novices, decided to send a colony of 
Cistercian Trappists to America, where he be- 
lieved a field for much good work existed. In 
1802 he commissioned Dom. Urbain Guillet 
to proceed to America with twenty-four relig- 
ious, lay brothers and members of the order. 
They sailed from Amsterdam on May 24, 
1802, on the Dutch vessel Salley, which flew 
the American flag to escape attack from the 
English, since Holland was an ally of France, 
then in conflict with England. 

On September 25th the party landed in the 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred fifty-nine 



port of Baltimore. The.y wprc kindly received 
by the Sulpitiaiis of St. Mary's Seminary, 
Baltimore. Tlie little eolony, throughi the 
kindness of the Sulpitians, located on a plan- 
tation about fifty miles from Baltimore, known 
as Pigeon Hill. They .soon abandoned this 
location for the state of Kentucky, where the 
great apostle of the West, their devoted 
friend. Father Stephen Theodore Badin, se- 
cured for them temporarily, a plantation near 
Louisville, until they acquired a site about 
sixty miles from that city, called Casey Creek, 
or Potinger's Cirek. 

In the meantime Dom. Augustoine Le- 
strange sent out another company of Trap- 
pists, under the guidance of Father Marie 
Joseph, which consisted of seven priests, sev- 
enteen lay brothers and twenty-one young 
people of the third order. 

In 1809 sixty acres of land were cleared, 
the grain sown and many trees planted, when 
a fire destroyed all temporary buildings. 
Discouraged, Dom. Urbain abandoned the idea 
of a permanent settlement there, and decided 
to go elsewhere. 

Mr. Mullanphy of St. Louis, whom he had 
met at Baltimore, otfered him a grant near 
the city of St. Louis. Fathers Urbain and 
Joseph inspected it, were pleased, and re- 
moved their colony to the Mullanphy grant, 
near Florissant, Mo., and located on a hill 
sloping to the Missouri River. 

Then Mr. Nicholas Jarrot of Cahokia, a 
former procurator of the Seminary of the 
Sulpitians of Baltimore, offered a site about 
eleven miles northeast of Cahokia, upon which 
was located a wonderful group of Indian 
mounds, among them the largest of the world. 
He purchased this site in January, 1809. 

A chapel, charter-house, refectory and 
several smaller cabins, in all more than 
twenty, were immediately built on the smaller 
of the two mounds, probably the elevation 
lying west of Monks' Mound, the base of 
which meets the base of the former. The 
larger moiind, then called Indian Mound, was 
intended for the abbey church and monastery. 
The location offered splendid advantages. 
The land built up of the deep alluvial depos- 
its of the Mississippi River, was part of the 
world '.s richest soil, the famous American bot- 
toms. Vast prairies, easy to cultivate, reached 
beyond the horizon to the south ; timber ex- 
isted in abundance, and the streams, says 
Father Urbain, "are so full of fish that a 
blind man could not help but spear a big 
fish, if he tried." The city of St. Louis, 



within the distance of about seven miles, of- 
fered a readj' market. Although the Indians 
made freiiuent excursions, the monks were 
not molested by them. 

Since Illitiois at that time was only a ter- 
I'itory and the title to lands in the old French 
settlements gave rise to disputes of owner- 
ship, Dom. Urbain, appealed to Congress for: 
a confirmation of title, which was granted in 
March, 1810. He sought also to acquire four 
thousand acres of land in the vicinity of 
iMoidis' Mound. The ])resident and .some 
members of Congress favored the grant, but. 
it failed to pass Congress. 

Father Urbain gave to the chapel and set- ' 
tlement the name of Notre Dame de Bon Se- 
cours — Our Lady of Good Help. 

Braekenridge, the noted traveler and writ- 
er, visited the settlement in 1811, and writes 
that "he learned that the family of the Trap- 
])ists consists of about eighty persons, a con- 
siderable number of whom are not at home. 
The boys are generally American, the men 
l)robably German and French." 

At that time there was much sickness in 
the Mississippi Valley settlements and there 
was but one priest in the entire territory, 
namely. Father Donatien Olivier. Realiz- 
ing the situation. Father Urbain assigned one 
of his priests to St. Louis and another as a 
traveling missionary to assist Father Olivier. 
One of these succumbed to the fever and died 
in the same year. In the next year a plague, 
probably typhoid or malaria visited the bot- 
toms and the settlement was largely depleted 
by it. The crops failed and distress was gen- 
eral. In such circumstances the monks sold 
all their belongings and abandoned the mound 
in March, 1813, and, after temporary set- 
tlements in Baltimore and Philadelphia, re- 
turned to France in 1814. 

Thus has the most notable relic of anti- 
quity in Illinois become a monument to a re- 
ligious order. 

St. Patrick's — Ruma, 1818 

One of the earliest settlements other than 
French in Randolph County was the O'Hara 
Settlement at what is now known as Ruma. 
As early as 1818 priests came from Ka.skaskia 
and said Mass in the home of Henry O'Hara. 

A log church was built on the land do- 
nated by Henry 0"Hara in 1827, and a church 
and parish has existed there from then until 
the present time. Amongst the priests who 
have ministered in the settlement and parish 
maj' be named Reverend Victor Pallaison, 



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t 



St. Joseph's Church. Wilmette, III. ]fi>45 




St. Peter's Chuhch, Chicaqo, III. 1646 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred Sixty-one 



who was chaplain of the ^'isitation Convent 
at Kaskaskia in 1836 ; Rev. John Kenny, the 
first resident pastor from 1839 to 1842 ; Rev. 
Patrick McCabe, 1842 to 1850; Rev. James A. 
Keane from 1850 to 1852; Rev. Timothy Con- 
way from 1852 to 1854; Rev. John W. Gif- 
ford, from 1854 to 1839. 

Since the territory was cut off from the 
Chicago Dioee.se a number of able pastors have 
officiated. 

The parish records of this early cliurch 
date from January 31, 1831. 

St. Augustine of Canterbury 
Hecker, 1824 

This is another of the very earlj' churches 
and its history up to the division of the dio- 
cese is appropriate for insertion here. 

In the year 1816 families, who had imi- 
grated from the province of Lancashire, 
England, in 1812, and had established their 
first abode in the state of Maryland, settled 
on the banks of Prairie du Long Creek. 

T-his settlement was known as English 
Settlement, and as Prairie du Long, St. Clair 
Coxinty, and we find it thus entered in earliest 
Catholic directories. From the same source 
we learn that these settlers were attended 
once a month by Rev. Vital Van Cloostere of 
Prairie du Rociier, from 1833 until 1838. 

A log church was built about the year 
1824, and we may assume that the first twelve 
families were attended earlier than 1833, and 
very probably from Prairie du Rocher. 

A grant of land of sixty acres was made 
to Bishop Rosati of St. Louis, March 5, 1834, 
for the benefit of the parish by Edward News- 
ham of the County of Monroe and John 
Winstanley of the county of St. Cailr. The 
county line passes through this grant twenty 
acres of which are located in Monroe County 
and forty in St. Clair County. 

The church, rectory, school and cemetery 
were located on the St. Clair County side. 
The log church was replaced by one oi stone 
in 1837, which was consecrated by Bishop 
Rosati of St. Louis, November 11, 1S38. A 
very detailed narration of the event was en- 
tered on the church records. 

There were present on this oocasion Very 
Rev. John Timon, C. ■\r., Vicar-General of St. 
Louis ; Rev. Hipolyte Gandolpho, C. M. ; 
Rev. Peter Doutreluingue, C. ^I. ; Rev. Caspar 
Ostlangenberg ; Rev. Regis Loisel ; Rev. Feli.x 
Verheyden, S. J. ; Rev. John Kenny, pastor ; 
Rev. Peter Paul Lefevre : Rev. Jodoeus Van 
Zweeveldt, S. J. ; Rev. Timothy Conway and 



Rev. Henry Mejer. Si.v orphan boys from 
St. Louis assisted in the sanctuary. 

The relies placed in the altar on the day 
of consecration were of the martyrs, Felicis- 
simus. Corona and Columba. 

This rock church was poorly constructed 
and, in 1854, under the pastorate of Rev. 
John W. Gifford, the church was razed to the 
ground and a new stone church arose on the 
same foundations. 

The first resident pa.stor. Rev. John 
Kenny, arrived in 1838, and remained until 
1842. He was succeeded by Rev. Timothy 
Conway and Rev. Ambrose G. Heim in 1842 ; 
Rev. Patrick McCabe, 1842-1849 ; Rev. James 
A. Keane, 1849-1851 ; Rev. John AV. Gifford, 
1854; Rev. Felix Carel, 1858-1862. 

St. Augustine's is still a flourishing parish. 

St. Mary's— Chicago, 1833 

The parent parish of Chicago, St. Mary's, 
is now in charge of the Paulist Fathers and 
at present located at Wabash Avenue and 
Eldridge court. The history of the estab- 
lishment of this parish is quite well known. 
The memorable petition signed in the little 
building belonging to Jean Bt. Beaubein by 
French, Irish and German Catholics and 
despatched to Right Rev. Bishop Joseph 
Rosati of St. Louis, read as follows: 

"To the Right Rev. Catholic Bishop of 
the Diocese of Missouri, of St. Louis, etc., 
etc. 

"We, the Catholics of Chicago, Cook Co., 
111., lay before j^ou the necessity there exists 
to have a pastor in this new and flourishing 
city. There are here .several families of 
French descent, born and brought up in the 
Roman Catholic faith, and others quite will- 
ing to aid us in supporting a pastor, who 
ought to be sent here before other sects obtain 
the upper hand, which very likely they will 
try to do. We have heard several persons 
say were there a priest here they would join 
our religion in preference to any other. We 
count about one hundred Catholics in this 
town. We will not cease to pray until j'ou 
have taken our important request in con- 
sideration." 

Immediately upon receipt of the petition 
the Bishop answered, sending the cheering 
news that he had appointed a pastor. The 
bishop's letter, which constitutes the foun- 
dation of the Church in Chicago, read as fol- 
lows : 

"Joseph Rosati, of the Congregation of 
^Missions, bv the Grace of God and of the 



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St. Raphael's Church, Naperville, III. 1846 




[ Immaculate Conception Church, Highland Park, 1646 [ 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred sixty-three 



Apostolic see, bishop of St. Louis, to the 
Rev. Mr. John Ireuaeus St. Cja*, priest of 
our diocese ; liealth in the Lord : 

"Rev. Sir: — Whereas, not a few Catholic 
men inhabiting the town commonly called 
Chicago, and its vicinage, in the state of Illi- 
nois, have laid before me that they, deprived 
of all spiritual consolation, vehementlj' de- 
sire that I should send thither a priest, who, 
by the exercise of his pastoral gifts, should 
supply to them the means of performing the 
offices of the Christian religion and providing 
for their eternal salvation. Wishing, as far 
as in me lies, to satisfy a desire at once pious 
and praiseworthy, by virtue of the powers 
of Vicar-General to me granted by the most 
illustrous and most reverend bishop of Bards- 
town, (Ky.) I depute you to the mission of 
Chicago, and the adjoining regions within 
the state of Illinois, all of which have hereto- 
fore been under the spiritual administration 
of the said most illustrous and most reverend 
bishop of Bardstown, grant j'ou, until re- 
voked, all the powers as described in the next 
page, with this condition, however, that as 
soon soever as it shall become known to you 
that a new Episcopal see shall have been 
created and established by the Holy Apostolic 
see from the territory of other sees now ex- 
isting, to that bishop within the limits of whose 
diocese the aforesaid Chicago mission is in- 
cluded, you shall render an account of all 
those things which shall have been transacted 
by you, and surrender the place to such priest 
as shall by him be deputed to the same mis- 
sion, and you, with God's favor, shall return 
to our diocese, from which we declare you to 
be by no means separated by the present 
mission. 

"Given at St. Louis, from the Episcopal 
buildings, the 17th day of April, 1833. 
Joseph, 
Bishop of St. Louis." 

The First Church Structure 

Shortly after Father St. Cyr came to 
Chicago in 1833, a lot was selected on Lake 
Street, which was part of the canal lands. 
Provision was made for selling these canal 
lands at auction and nobody knew how much 
they would sell for. There was good feeling 
amongst the citizens of Chicago, however, 
and it was agreed that no one would bid 
against the representatives of the Catholics 
for the lot which they might select for a 
church. Accordingly a lot was selected 
"which," according to Father St. Cyr, "was 



next to tlie military reservation on Lake 
Street." This lot was on the south side of 
Lake Street and though it has been stated 
that it was some hundred feet west of the 
west line of State Street, tlie lietter opinion is 
that it was the corner lot located at the south- 
west corner of Sate and Lake. 

Here a little frame eliurch was built, 25x35 
feet. Augustine Deodat Taylor drew the 
plans and built the building. His brother, 
Anson Taylor, hauled the lumber for the 
church. It cost when complete about .$400. 
Two additions were made to the church before 
it was moved. 

When the time of sale came the price was 
too high and the church was removed to the 
"west end of the lot on the northwest corner 
of Michigan Avenue and Madison Street." 
Father Maurice de St. Pallais enlarged the 
little church to double its original size, put a 
steeple or cupola on it and built a new pas- 
toral residence to the east of the church on the 
northwest corner of Michigan and Madison 
Streets. 

In this shape the first church did service 
until after the advent of the Right Reverend 
William Quarter, first bishop of Chicago. 

Prior to the coming of Bishop Quarter a 
new brick church had been begun at the south- 
west corner of Madison Street and Wabash 
Avenue, which the bishop promptlj^ finished. 

After the completion of the new church by 
Bishop Quarter the little old first church was 
cut in twain and one part removed to the 
rear of the convent which Bishop Quarter 
built for the Sisters of Mercy on Wabash 
Avenue and Madison Street in 184:6, and 
used for a girls' school, while the other part 
was attached to the rear of the residence aQd 
used for the "college" or boys' school. A 
writer affirms that "as late as 1864 she saw 
this building (that is, the first church) in the 
rear of the first convent built for the Sisters 
by Bishop Quarter. It seemed to be kept as 
a relic. The fire swept it away," so that for 
thirty years the little frame church, built and 
dedicated by Father St. Cyr, served the pur- 
poses of religion. 

The building erected for a residence by 
Father Pallais in 1838 did service as a paro- 
chial residence for the priests here up to the 
time that Bishop Quarter came, and for Bis- 
hop Quarter as a parochial residence and also 
as a college until the Sisters of Mercy came 
in 1846, when the bishop surrendered it to 
them and occupied another cabin on State 
street, which was quite inferior to the first. 



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St. Patrick's Church, Chicago, III. 1646 



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Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred sixty-five 



No new residence was built until Bishop 
'Regan came in 1855. The Episcopal resi- 
dence built by Bishop 'Regan was quite a 
comfoi'table house and did service as a resi- 
dence for the bishops until 1865, and the par- 
ochial residence for St. Mary's parish after 
the Holy Name was made the Cathedral 
church until the fire of 1871. 

The Cathedral and bishop's residence hav- 
ing been burned, Bishop Foley purchased a 
Protestant church at the corner of Wabash 
Avenue and Eldridge Court where St. Mary's 
church has continued to the present time. 

As has been seen in speaking of the church 
structure Father St. Cyr was succeeded in 
1836 by priests from the Diocese of Vincennes 
sent by Right Reverend Simon William Gab- 
riel Brute, the first bishop of the diocese. The 
first of these priests to appear in Chicago was 
Reverend Bernard Schaefer. It appeal's that 
Father Schaefer was sent primarily to work 
amongst the Germans who were beginning to 
be quite numerous at that time. The next 
priest to come from the Vincennes Diocese 
was Reverend Timothy O'Mera, and, accord- 
ing to his own statement, he was made pastor. 
In 1836 Reverend Maurice de St. Palais came 
and there arose a conflict of authority be- 
tween him and Father 'Mera, which resulted 
in a temporary division of the congregation. 
The matter was soon brought to the attention 
of Bishop Brute and Father O'Mera was not 
only removed but suspended and Father 
Palais continued as pastor until June, 1844. 
Soon after the coming of Father Palais an- 
other German priest. Reverend Francis Jo- 
seph Fischer came as his assistant and re- 
mained uxtil Bishop Quarter was appointed 
bishop for the diocese. 

Upon the installation of Bishop Quarter in 
1844 St. Mary's became the cathedral church 
and so remained during the administration of 
Bishop's Quarter, Van de Velde, 'Regan and 
Duggan and was, of course, ministered to by 
the bishop and their assistants. After the 
coming of Bishop Quarter, his brother. Rever- 
end Walter J. Quarter, vicar general, was 
pastor of St. Mary's, .serving from 1845 to 
1850. Father Quai'ter was succeeded in 1851 
by Reverend P. J. Donahue and he hy Rever- 
erend Fitzgerald in 1852. In 1853 Reverend 
P. J. McElhearne, one of the earliest of the 
priests ordained by Bishop Quarter, became 
pastor and remained until 1854. In 1855 Rev- 
erend Matthew Dillon became pastor and 
was succeeed in 1857 by Reverend J. Larkin. 
From 1858 to 1861 Reverend Dr. Thaddeus 



J. Butler was pastor and from 1862 to 1863 
Reverend Dr. John McMulIen served as pas- 
tor. Dr. McMullen was succeeded by Rev- 
erend T. J. Halligan, who officiated from 
1864 to 1871, \vhen the church was consumed 
in the great Chicago fire. Reverend E. L. D. 
Gavin became pastor in 1872 and Reverend 
P. M. Noonan from 1873 to 1877. Rev. Jo- 
seph P. Roles became pa.stor in 1878 and so 
remained until 1889. He was succeeded in 
1890 by Reverend E. L. Murphy who re- 
mained as pastor until 1903, when the Paulist 
Fathers took charge. 

This long period, from its establishment 
in 1833 to the beginning of the 20th century, 
has witnessed much interesting history in con- 
nection with St. Mary's church. Indeed the 
hi.story of that institution retiects quite lucidly 
the history of Chicago. But little progress 
had been made in the direction of a great 
civilized world center when St. Mary's was 
first established. St. Mary's has been eye 
witness to every advance which maj' be chron- 
icled of the great city by the lake and her 
clergy and members of the congregation have 
been frequently in the forefront of progress 
through all these j'ears. 

A glance at some of the events connected 
with this venerable church will prove of in- 
terest. The first temporal structure wa.s in 
course of construction when the great Indian 
conference of 1833 was held. The little lake 
side city was over-run with hordes of red men 
— tlie Pottawatomi, Miami and Kickapoo 
gathered around the council fire, lighted by 
the United States government, to deliberate 
vipon their future destiny. In the immediate 
rgeion at that time the Indians far outnum- 
bered the whites and we may read that almost 
everj^ savage excess was indulged in. Barrels 
of whiskey were at the disposal of the Indians 
and they made night and day hideous with 
their clamour. Yet amongst them there were 
those who could give thought to spiritual 
things. The Indian women, we are told, 
took it upon themselves to sweep and clean 
the little new church that was about ready 
for occupancy and many of the braves from 
the visiting tribes attended the first Ma.ss, 
which was, in fact, celebrated in their honor. 
Such a scene in those days would indeed be 
singular, and it may be said in passing that 
such a scene is perhaps Tinknown in any cir- 
cumstance other than in connection with a 
Catholic church throughout the history of the 
American red man. 

As time passed Saint Mary's became the 



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J?ev. J.Wirth O.S.B. 




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St. Joseph's Church, Chicago. III. 1645 






7^ he Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred sixty-seven 



seeiio of many aiixilliary activities. Bishop 
Quarter's fir.%t society of Catholic men, The 
Hibernian Benevolent Immigrant Associa- 
tion, was organized in the basement room and 
there held its meetings. Later the St. Pa- 
trick's Temperance Soeict}' and later still the 
Chicago Catholic Institute had their head- 
quarters there. The little old church was the 
rallying point for many of the activities of the 
Sisters of Mercy, who, at one period and an- 
other, housed some of their institutions in 
the basement (piarters. 

Here in Saint Marj»'s came the great of 
the country to deliver eloquent addresses, 
and here some of the most notable men and 
women of their day not only worshipped but 
were indeed baptised, confirmed, married and 
buried. 

Amongst her spiritual children St. Mary's 
counts many distinguished converts, includ- 
ing the scholarly Buckner T. Morris and his 
no less cultured and accomplished wife. 

In Old St. Mary's, according to his own 
declaration, the first inspiration to the priest- 
hood came to the late distinguished Archbis- 
hop of St. Paul, Most Reverend John Ireland. 

The charming wife of Senator Stephen A. 
Douglas was a regular attendant of St. 
Marj- 's, and she had the happiness to see her 
distinguished husband embrace the church 
before his death, and to hear his funeral ora- 
tion pronounced by the eloquent Bishop 
Duggan. 

Here the great Colonel James A. Mulligan 
worshipped during all the years between his 
coming to Chicago and his death on the bat- 
tlefield and here were his funeral obsequies 
performed and his remains sent forth to their 
final resting place. 

Here, too, was the patriotic rall3-ing place 
for the soldiers of the Civil war and especially 
for the historic Irish brigade. 

"Who can recount the prayers and tears 
and heavenly joys of Old St. Mary's. 

In October, 1903, Archbishop Quiglej' gave 
St. Mary's into the care of the priests of the 
Congregation of St. Paul the Apostle, a com- 
munity devoted to missionary enterprises — 
particularly, the preaching of Catholicity to 
non-Catholics. Rev. Elias Younan was the 
first Paulist pastor and with him were as- 
sociated Father P. J. O'Callaghan, Walter E. 
Hopper, John M. Handly and Edward J. 
Mullaly. In September 1904, Father Younan 
was succeeded as pastor by Father O'Callag- 
han. 

The first task to which the Paulists set 



themselves was the remodeling of St. Mary's 
chapel and the completion of the parochial 
residence, the building of which was begun by 
Father Murphy. 

It was in 1904 that Father Fiiui, then a 
novice, organized the Paulist Choristers — com- 
posed of men and bojs — which attracted great 
throngs of people to St. Mary's and which 
afterwards became well known throughout 
America and received European recognition 
as well. 

Since the parish offers splendid opportuni- 
ties for missionary zeal the Paulists made use 
of every agency that could help to reclaim the 
many classes of people who live precarious 
existences and seemed lost to religion and so- 
ciety. Notable among these agencies is the 
Lady of Victory Mission. It was started by a 
few zealous young men in a store on Clark 
Street and, during a period of almo.st twenty 
yeai"s, has reclaimed thousands of men to the 
Sacraments. 

For the benefit of mothers who, by un- 
fortunate circumstances, have to work in the 
down-town district all day and who have 
no place to leave their children, the Paulist 
Day Nursery has been established. Here 
from fortj- to eighty are cared for every 
working daj', receiving food, clothing, medical 
attention and, when old enough, religious and 
kindergarten instruction. 

Soon after the opening of the Nursery the 
Paulist Settlement was established. Hundreds 
of young people of foreign birth or parent- 
age inhabit the vicinity and how to reach and 
infiuence them was a serious problem which 
the Settlement solves in splendid measure. 
Archbishop Quigley gave the use of the 
property at 1122 South Wabash Avenue for 
settlement purposes and this gift has been 
generously continued by Archbi.shop Mun- 
delein. Here night after night young peo- 
ple gather who otherwise would be out on the 
streets or have recourse to missions con- 
ducted under Protestant auspices. 

I\Ieanwhile, by maintaining a high stand- 
ard of liturgical observance and preaching, 
the Paulists have attracted the thousands of 
transients who visit Chicago. 

St. Mary's is also the headquarters of a 
hand of missionaries which has given hun- 
dreds of missions — Catholic and non-Catho- 
lic — in the middle west. 

In September, 1914, Rev. Thomas F. 
Biirke was appointed pastor, and exercised 
his office until June, 1919, when he was 
elected Superior General of the Paulists. Rev. 



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I Maternity Church, Bourbonnais, III. 1(547 | 




Crt Po/^sant 



St George's Church. St George, III. 1(546 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred sixty -nine 



Edward J. Mullaly, tlie pi-osoiit pastor was 
appointed in July 1920. 

St. Patrick's — Nauvoo, 1834 

One of the most romantic localities in Illi- 
nois and one of the earliest sites of Catholic 
activity is Nauvoo, the name, according to 
some interpreters meaning "Pleasant Land." 

Nauvoo, of course, is best known as having 
been the home of the Mormons while they 
were located in Illinois. Years before Nauvoo 
was laid out, however, there stood on the site 
a post office station named Venus, which sub- 
sequently became part of Commerce City. 
These names have puzzled the student of Illi- 
nois history time and again. 

Joseph Smith (better known as the Mor- 
mon prophet) and his followers, founded 
Nauvoo in 1859. In 1843 the great Mormon 
Temple was completed at a cost of $1,000,000, 
and during the hej'dey of the settlement more 
than twenty-six thoiisand people were gath- 
ered together around the great temple. 

Even before the Mormons, however, and 
as far back as 1820 missionary fathers from 
St. Louis came on horseback with saddlebags 
containing a meagre supply of corn-bread 
and the necessary articles for offering the 
Holy Sacrifice wherever it was possible or 
convenient. Of the early missionaries one of 
the first to visit Hancock County whose naw-e 
has come down to us, was Rev. John Mary 
Irenaeus St. Cjt, who, as will be remembered, 
was the founder of the Church in modern 
Chicago. Rev. Peter Paul Lefevre, after- 
wards bishop of Detroit, visited Nauvoo from 
1835 to 1840. 

It seems rather strange that the priests 
had full entree to the Mormon houses and 
even the temple. Eye witnesses have related 
that they attended Mass not only in Nauvoo 
Mansion, the home of the Prophet, but also in 
the Hall of the Seventies (the board of di- 
rectors or consultors), and that in the Mor- 
mon Temple a place was set apart for the 
Catholic people of Nauvoo. Archbishop Ken- 
rick of St. Louis spoke of having administered 
confirmation within the Mormon Temple. A 
Mrs. Moffit, who lived to a ripe old age and 
whose memory was remarkable, told of the 
baptism of her older children within the Mor- 
mon Temple itself. 

Many sites are still pointed out as places 
where Mass was offered in those times. After 
the expulsion of the Latter Day Saints (the 
Mormons) the Temple was turned into a tem- 



porary church as wa.-; also the Ilall of the 
Seventies. 

Rev. John A. Drew made frequent visits 
to the Catholics of Nauvoo in the thirties. 

On the church records of Nauvoo is found 
the name of Rev. James Griffith as the first 
resident priest who also visited Fountain 
Green, St. Augustine, Warsaw, Canton and 
McComb. Canton is over one hundred miles 
di.stant from Nauvoo. He was installed on 
September 8, 1848, two years after the Mor- 
mons were expelled from the state. Father 
Griffith established St. Patrick's church. The 
building secured for a church was purchased 
of Parley Pratt, a Mormon prophet. Bishop 
Quarter speaks of the purchase of this build- 
ing in one of his letters to the Leopoldine As- 
sociation. The building was a two-story brick, 
substantially erected for a home and con- 
sisted of nine large rooms. The first story 
was fitted up for a church while the upper 
story served as a dwelling for the priest. The 
priest's brother, Mr. Martin Griffith, taught 
S'ihool for a time in a large frame house. A 
description of the manner of conducting this 
school has come down to us. It is said that 
the teacher calmly smoked a corn-cob pipe and 
administered correction as it was needed. 
Arithmetic and reading were his specialties, 
and when it came to the writing class, the 
priest was called upon to instruct the pu- 
pils. It is remarked that despite the methods 
"with the aid of the priest Mr. Griffith suc- 
ceeded in turning out some pretty good stu- 
dents. ' ' 

Father Griffith was one of Bishop Quar- 
ter's own pi'iests, he having been ordained by 
that early prelate on October 15, 1845. While 
officiating in Nauvoo he was taken sick and 
brought to the home of his sister nearby, 
where he died early in the spring of 1849. His 
remains were taken to Fountain Green for 
burial but were subsequently removed to St. 
Augustine. 

Father Thomas Kennedy and Father John 
George All'eman, 0. P., are both credited wnth 
having negotiated the purchase of the Parley 
Pratt building, but while both these clergy- 
men served in Nauvoo it is quite likely that 
Father Griffith, who was so intimately ac- 
quainted with Bishop Quarter, was instru- 
mental in .securing the building. 

Independent of the church records it ap- 
pears that Reverend Thomas Kennedy came to 
Nauvoo on May 6, 1844, and continued to 
serve the locality — possibly with an interrup- 
tion during the time Father Griffith was 



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[ St. Patrick^s Church. Wadsworth. III. 1651 | 




U 



St. Bridget's Church, Chicago, III. 1650 



♦ 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred seventy-one 



there — until iHol, wlieii he was sent to 
Peoria. On Aufrust 6, 1844, Bishop Quarter 
atlministered eonfirmation there. 

Then came a well-known missionary of the 
Mississippi ^'alley, Father John George Alle- 
man, (). P., who ministered there from Sep- 
tember 21, 1851, to June 10, 1852. Local 
tradition ascribes to Father AUeman the 
purchase of the bell which for half a century 
hail called the faithful to service in Nauvoo — 
"for fifty years has the Angelus re-echoed 
from the bluffs of Illinois to the bluffs of 
Iowa on the opposite side of the Mississippi." 
"We are not advised just when the change 
wa.s effected but the name of the church was 
changed from St. Patrick's to SS. Peter and 
Paul. 

The congregation was ne.xt placed under 
the care of Rev. Thomas O'Neill, who re- 
mained from J line 20, 1852 to May 25, 1853. 
Right Rev. James Oliver Van de Velde visited 
Nauvoo on June 17, 1853. 

After Father O'Neill's departure. Father 
Alleman again assumed the pastorate and 
I'emained until September 9, 1853. 

Rev. Patrick Meehan came to continue the 
work on Jamiar.y 25, 1854, and remained until 
October 7, 1'855. 

The newly consecrated bishop of Chicago, 
Right Rev. Anthony 'Regan, came to Nau- 
voo October 3, 1855, and administered the 
sacraments. 

There was a commercial revival in Nauvoo 
and the surrounding territory in 1853. A 
number of Germans came over and farming 
and fruit raising was carried on profitably. 

In November, 1855, Father Charles Schill- 
ing was installed as pastor and remained 
until April 6, 1867, when he was removed 
to Joliet. 

At this period began the second experi- 
ment in community life at Nauvoo. A com- 
pany of French Communists under the lead- 
ership of John Cabet came to the vicinity. 
Their aim was to found an ideal system which 
would prove to the world that the communis- 
tic life was the solution of the social pro- 
blem — "eciuality and fraternity'' was their 
motto. Most of the people lived ou farms 
and cultivated grapes. After seven years of 
struggle, part of which witnessed great pros- 
perity, the community dissolved and Cabet 
died of a broken heart in St. Louis. 

Most of these Communists were originally 
of Catholic extraction, and Father Schilling 
who was pastor of the Catholics during their 
reign, found that the French Communists 



did not ask for the ministrations of the priest 
until they felt snire they were about to die. 
Then, indeed, they called for the cure. 

About the last and perhaps the most 
worthy work that the good old missionary, 
Father St. Cyr did in Illinois was to work 
among these Communists, who remained at 
Warsaw and Nauvoo after the community 
had broken up, to restore them to the Church. 

Nauvoo is no longer a part of the diocese 
of Chicago, being included within the bound- 
aries of the Peoria Diocese, but the spirit of 
romance that invests the old place always 
elicits a note of interest. 

Immaculate Conception 
Springfield, 1834 

Springfield w'as long a missionary point 
before any church of any kind existed there. 
We have the authority of a letter writeen by 
Rev. John Mary Ireueaus St. Cj'r to Bi.shop 
Joseph Rosati of St. Louis in the year 1834 
that Springfield was visited in that year by 
Father St. Cyr. After leaving Chicago in 
1837 Father St. Cyr frequently visited 
Springfield, and by another letter to the Bis- 
hop of St. Louis, recommended that Spring- 
field was the main central point of the mis- 
sions of Illinois and most suitable for a 
headquarters. 

A traveling Presbyterian minister, visit- 
ing the region of Springfield at a very early 
day, after recounting the other denominations 
in the territorj^ said: "Lastly, there are the 
Catholics, abundantly more united in faith, 
in spirit and in purpose than we are — who 
claim a kind of prescriptive right to the 
ground, on the pretext of prior possession." 

The Catholics must have been of some con- 
siderable number around Springfield in 1830, 
when they are said to have sent a petition to 
Rome to have a bishop of their own and to 
make Springfield the seat of a new see. This 
petition is said to be on file in the archives 
in Rome. 

The Catholic directory of 1834 states that 
Sangamon County was then visited from St. 
Louis by Rev. Charles Felix Van Quicken- 
borne, S. J., and in 1836 by Rev. ]\Iatthew 
Condamine. 

The city of Springfield is not mentioned 
in the directory until 1834. In a letter dated 
January 11th of that year. Rev. John Mary 
Ireneaus St. Cyr states that he had visited 
Sugar Creek, Bear Creek, Springfield and 
other missions. Rev. John Blasius Raho, C. 
M., attended the Catholics of Springfield in 



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St. Henry's Church, Chicago, III. ISSl 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred seventy-three 



the latter part of 1H4L', and Rev. II. C. Allen, 
S. J., ministered in Springfield in 1843. From 
the beginning of 1843 to June, 1844, Rev. 
Father Orlando, C. M., was in charge. 

At the time of the creation of the Chicago 
diocese Springfield seems to have been in 
charge of Father Philip Conlon, and is fre- 
quently referred to in Bishop Quarter's writ- 
ings. It appears that Bishop Quarter was 
very fond of Father Conlon, and it is said 
that the good bishop familiarly called him 
"Faithful Phil." 

On August 23, 1848, Rev. Walter J. 
Quarter, the administrator of the diocese, 
after the death of his brother, Rt. Rev. Wil- 
liam Quarter, states in the continuation of 
Bishop Quarter's diary: "Received today a 
letter from Rev. Phil Conlon of Springfield, 
in this state. Very satisfactory, indeed. The 
debt of Springfield church is paid off, and all 
things going along well. The poor bishop 
used to call Rev. Mr. Conlon 'his Faithful 
Phil,' and justly so." 

Father Conloi-i was still in Springfield on 
October 12, 1849, when the Rt. Rev. Bishop 
James Oliver Van de Velde met him in Tay- 
lorville, while the bishop was on a visitation 
in that part of the state. On the 27th and 
28th of April, 1850, Bishop Van de Velde 
again visited Springfield and examined the 
confirmation class on the 27th, and on the 28th 
a.ssisted and preached at High Mass and con- 
firmed twelve boys and sixteen girls. He re- 
turned to Springfield on May 1st of the same 
year, when and where he said Mass and 
greeted Father McMahon, who arrived from 
Henry County. He left Springfield the next 
daj' for Jacksonville. 

Then came Rev. George A. Hamilton, a 
native of America, sent by Bishop Rosati to 
Rome along with Mr. Hilary Tucker to enter 
the College of the Propaganda, out of which 
both were ordained for the Diocese of St. 
Louis. Father Hamilton was stationed at 
Upper Alton, where he had charge of St. 
Mathias' church. From Alton he attended 
Springfield, where he organized the congrega- 
tion and built a small frame church on East 
Adams Street. To this church he gave the 
name of St. John the Baptist. In 1845 Fath- 
er Hamilton left Alton to take up his resi- 
dence at Springfield, attending from this 
point Sugar Creek, Horse Creek, Bear Creek, 
South Fork of Sangamon River, Taylorville, 
where a church was building, Jacksonville, 
Postville, also with a church building, Turkey 
Prairie and Virginia. By May, 1846, Father 



Hamilton had left the field, no more to be 
heard of, except that he went east and died 
there. 

He was succeeded by Rev. John W. Gif- 
ford, a native of Scotland, who took charge 
in 1851. He died at O'llara Settlement, now 
Ruma, Randolph County, where he was bur- 
ied. He was succeeded in December, 1853, 
by Rev. Nicholas Stehle, a native of Lexheim, 
German Lorraine. Then came Rev. Michael 
Prendergast in 1854. Rev. Michael Hurley, 
afterwards Bishop-elect of Peoria, came the 
same year and remained but a short time. In 
1855 came the Rev. Thomas Quiglej', a writer 
of some note. He soon formed the design 
of building a new church. The site selected 
was the corner of Monroe and Seventh streets. 
In his administration he encountered the. ani- 
mosity of several strong-headed members of 
his congregation. The revolutionary wave 
that had struck Quincy, Belleville and Teu- 
topolis, did not spare the capital. 

The name of the new church was that of 
the Immaculate Conception B. V. M. Dr. 
Quigley built the foundation, but did not 
remain to complete the work. When he left 
he was replaced by Rev. Patrick J. McElhearn. 
After him came Rev. James Fitzgibbons, who 
was sent to Springfield by the administrator 
of the diocese during the absence of the bishop, 
Rt. Rev. Anthony 'Regan, who had gone 
to Rome. 

Father "Fitz," as he was called, spent all 
his energy in completing the new church. 
Neither did he adopt the plan accepted by Dr. 
Quiglej-. T. Dennis, a local architect, de- 
signed plans for him. The structure was 
massive, the roof Qver-heavy, and was after- 
wards taken down. On the day of the dedi- 
cation the floor gave way with danger of loss 
of life. Next to the church and attached to 
it was built a residence large enough for the 
rector and one assistant. The Brothers of 
the Holy Cross at that time were brought 
from Notre Dame, Indiana, and given charge 
of the boys' school, built of frame in the j-ard 
next to the church, the girls attending St. 
Joseph's Convent. 

On the 17th of March, 1860, Governor 
Bissell died a Catholic. At the funeral the 
Rev. Cornelius Smarius, S. J., delivered a 
magnificent funeral oration, the exordium of 
which is quoted in books on eloquence as a 
model of its kind. 

Father Fitzgibbons left his charge in Jan- 
uar.y, 1864. His successor, the Rev. Joseph 
Costa, 0. C, did not come until the latter 



±-& 



■o-o- 




6 



Ii(?vr Frank G.Nattey?^ 






I St. Mary's Church. Buffalo. Grove, III. 1652 | 




I Immaculate Conception Church. Morris, III. 1(552 | 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred-seventy-five 



part of May following, the congregation in the 
meantime being attended by Rev. F. II. Zabel, 
D. D., assisted by Rev. Ferdinand Stick, jnst 
ordained. One year and a half later Father 
Costa left for Jacksonville, Rev. L. Ilinssen 
replacing him as rector of the Immaculate 
Conception. Father Hinssen first of all made 
arrangements to establish a new school for 
the girls of the parish. To this end he se- 
cured the old St. John's church building, 
vacated by the Germans to occupy their new 
church at SS. Peter and Paul. As teachers 
he employed the School Sisters of Notre Dame, 
Milwaukee. Rev. John Sullivan, a native of 
Limerick, Ireland, who had in St. Louis built 
the present St. Malachy's church, was re- 
moved from Jerseyville to replace Father 
Hinssen. t'ather Sullivan died in the course 
of the following year, and was buried in the 
Springfield Catholic cemetery in the vicinity 
of Lincoln's grave. After a few months of 
vacancy, during which Father Hinssen re- 
turned to take charge of affairs. Rev. Patrick 
Brady, a native of the County of Cavan, Ire- 
land, was transferred from St. Patrick's 
Church, Cairo, and assumed the responsibility 
of the position late in 1869. 

During his administration Father Brady 
remodeled the church and put an addition to 
it so as to extend its length. He built a large 
brick school, a monument to his zeal and en- 
ergy. He was for many years ably assisted 
in the care of the parish and management of 
its affairs by his old friend, Rev. P. M. Bourke. 
In 1889 Father Brady was made irremovable 
lector of Jacksonville, where he died in 1S92. 
He was buried in tne Jacksonville cemetery. 

The Very Rev. Timothy Hickey, who be- 
came vicar-general of the Alton Diocese, suc- 
ceeded Father Brad:;. He soon introduced 
the Dominican Sisters into his school, doing 
away with the services of the school sLsters of 
Notre Dame and the Brothers of the Holy 
Cross. He moved the Mother house of the 
Dominican Sisters from Jacksonville to 
Springfield, and at last replaced the priest- 
house of St. Mary's by one more in keeping 
with the needs of the clergy of the mission. 

Prior to the appointment of Father Hickey 
Springfield had been cut off from the Chicago 
Diocese and included in the new Diocese of 
Alton. 

The Ascension-St. Boniface 
QuiNCY, 1834 

The first German Catholic parish estab- 
lished along the course of the Mississippi 



River was that of the Ascension of Quincy. 
This name was given it by the band of Cath- 
olic settlers who as early as 1834 had been 
gathered into a congregation by tiie occasional 
visitor, Reverend Peter Pavil Lefevre (sub- 
seqiicntly Bishop of Detroit). Reverend 
Augustine Florent Brickwedde was appointed 
hy Bishop Rosati of St. Louis as first resident 
pastor. The name Ascension parish was re- 
tained until the present large structure was 
erected in 1848, when the patronal name, St. 
Boniface, became substituted for the titular 
"Ascension." Without attempting to follow 
too closely the development of the Church in 
Quincy, since it is not a part of the archdio- 
cese of Chicago, it will be interesting to read 
an account of such development from the pen 
of Right Reverend Bishop William Quarter. 
The bishop was writing to the Leopoldine As- 
sociation and endeavoring to impress upon the 
members of that missionary organization the 
needs of the Church in his diocese and to in- 
dicate the rapid and satisfactory growth. In 
these connections the bi.shop said : 

"To illustrate how rapidly a parish grows 
and develops, allftw me to describe in detail 
the Catholic parish at Quincy, which was 
established about ten j^ears ago, and may serve 
j'our readers as an example, which may read- 
ily be applied to every other parish in the 
United States. Ten years ago none of the 
well regulated streets and beautifully planned 
squares, so much in evidence today, were vis- 
ible in Quincy; nor were numerous churches, 
houses of prayer and public buildings re- 
flected in the mirrored waters of the Missis- 
sippi, as they are to be seen today ; the greater 
part of the present city-site was torn by deep 
gulches, thickly planted with heavy timber, 
and still served as a favorite jungle for wild 
animals. A few block houses stood along the 
river bank and the heights of Quincy were not 
yet crowned with a city beautiful. The pop- 
ulation was still very small, and, of course, 
but few Germans amongst them. Bishop 
Rosati of St. Louis of blessed memory, had 
sent a priest hither to attempt the organiza- 
tion of a mission. Of the Germans, who had 
already settled in this locality, twenty-two 
were Catholic immigrants from the various 
parts of Osnabinieck. It was indeed high 
time that a priest did arrive, for even this 
small number was not spared inducements on 
the part of proselj-tizing Protestants. A 
former royal Hanoverian non-commissioned 
officer already acted the part of a Protestant 
preacher, and since he could not meet his 



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6 






I St. John the Baptist Chupch, Joliet, III. 1552 | 




-T Anne's Church. St Anne, III 1652 



1^ 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred seventy-seven 



current expfiiclitiires from tlie coiitrilnitioiis 
of the Lutherans alone, lie had already made 
attempts to win over the Catholies ; indeed, 
to flatter their vanity and use tliem for his 
purposes he had several of them elected as 
church wardens. Deprived of every spiritual 
counsel durintr a l(in<; period of time, those 
lukewarm amonsjst them would surely have 
succumbed to the inducements, if heaven had 
not again brought them the consolation of 
£aith. Upon his arrival the priest gathered 
these few about him, instructed them, visited 
their sick, administered to them the Holy 
Sacraments, and celebrated with them the 
holy sacrifice of the Mass in a private house. 
This continued for a time until gradually 
more Catholics arrived from Germany, and 
they were enabled to erect a frame church in 
the year 1838. 

In the meanwhile circumstances have 
changed. One who saw Qiiincy in the above- 
mentioned year would not now recognize it 
today. The river banks are now lined with 
large stone manufacturing establishr>:ents; 
the forest has succumbed to the blows of the 
woodman's ax; the gulches are filled in, and 
a widely extended citj', booming with com- 
merce and manufacture, has been built on the 
heights, where not so manj^ years ago the 
camp fires of the now annihilated unlucky 
Ottawa Indian tribe were burning. The little 
Catholic frame church of 1838 has for a long 
time past been supplanted by a spacious house 
of God, which accommodates 600 people, and 
the small parish of twenty-two persons has 
grown to a membership of 2,270 German Cath- 
olics. A school has been erected, which en- 
joys a larger attendance than any of the four- 
teen schools in Quincy belonging to the vari- 
ous Protestant sects. Even now the present 
stone church no longer accommodates the 
large concourse of faithful, and the erection 
of another large church has become an im- 
perative neeessit}'. The land for this purpose 
has already been purchased and paid for. 
Here in Illinois alone I know of twenty-five 
parishes such as this one, or settlements which 
could organize into parishes if they only were 
provided with a priest. May these circum- 
stances serve as an urgent appeal to such 
priests in Germany, who are not yet under 
obligations to devote their activities to any 
definite pastorate, and may it even persuade 
the Right Eeverend Bishops and religious 
superiors to permit some of their clerics not 
j'et in holy orders to come to North America." 

Reverend A. Zurbonsen, the historian of 



tlie Alton diocese, has stated better than we 
have read elsewhere the incidents relating to 
the creation of the Diocese of Quincy, its 
abandonnivut and consolidation with the Dio- 
cese of Alton. 

Father Zurbonsen says : "Whilst the first 
Pleruiry Council of Haltimore was in session 
(1852) it was unanimously decided by the 
prelates a.sscml)led tlutt the great Diocese of 
Chicago, which comprised within its juris- 
diction the whole state of Illinois, be parti- 
tioned and a second diocese be created. A pe- 
tition to this effect was at once forwarded to 
Rome. Pope Pius IX accpiiesced in the wi-shes 
thus expressed, and under date of July 29, 
1853, formally and officially approved of the 
establishment of the new Diocese of Quincy. 
The document which announced this import- 
ant decision was signed by Cardinal Lambrus- 
chini. The territory set apart for the Diocese 
of Quincy comprised the counties of Adams, 
Brown, Cass, Menard, Sangamon, Macon, 
Moultrie, Coles and Edgar, on a line from the 
Mississippi to the Wabash River. It was to 
te a suffragan bishopric of the archbishopric 
of St. Louis. The new diocese had at the time 
of its erection (rather at the end of 1853) 
51 churches, 34 missions, 23 priests and 42,000 
members. Bishop Van de Velde had always 
manifested a great interest for Quincy, yea, 
even previous to the receipt of the above- 
mentioned papal bull, had already selected a 
convenient spot for a future cathedral and 
episcopal residence there, in June, 1852. Had 
his ailments and adverse local conditions not 
influenced him to abdicate and move south to 
Natchez, Quincy would have had its bishop 
there and then. 

"Rome's selection for first bishop of the 
new diocese fell upon the Very Reverend Jos- 
eph Melcher, priest and vicar-general of the 
Archdiocese of St. Louis. However, Father 
Melcher declined the honor and refused to ac- 
cept. Foreseeing the difficult task which 
awaited him as Administrator of Chicago, 
which duty was assigned him since the resig- 
nation of Bishop Van de Velde had been ac- 
ceded to by Rome, he became timorous. The 
Quincy diocese — scde vacanie ■ — was then 
placed under the administration of Archbis- 
hop Kenrick of St. Louis, and that of Chi- 
cago under the Bishop of Milwaukee until 
the appointment of Bishop Antiiony "Regan 
to the vacancy of Chicago, who was conse- 
crated in St. Mary's Cathedral of that city 
on September 3, 1854. 

"And what became ultimately of the see 



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JlEV.e.nUDOLPHC.Ss.R,, 



St. Michael's Church. Chicago, III. 1652 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred seventy-nine 



of Quincy? Remonstraiu'es to its eoiitinuanee 
were sent to Rome based on allegations that 
Quincy as a seat of a bishop was too far re- 
moved from the center of the diocese, being 
located almost in its extreme northwestern 
corner; prevailing adverse local conditions, 
moreover, aggravated such opposition. At 
the Provincial Council held in St. Louis, 
October, 1855, the opponents to Quiucy were 
in the majority, resolutions were adopted by 
which the transfer of the see from Quiucy to 
Alton was urgently suggested to the Roman 
Propaganda. Rome acted on this suggestion, 
the Diocese of Alton was established January 
9, 1857, with the appointment of Rev. Damian 
Juncker of Dayton, Ohio, as its first bishop. 
The Diocese of Quincy became absorbed by 
that of Alton. 

"Bishop-elect Melcher continued his duties 
as priest and vicar-general in St. Louis until 
his elevation to the bishopric of Green Bay, 
Wis., July, 1868. He died in 1873." 

St. Augustine 
St. Augustine, 1836 

As proof that first settled places obtain 
few advantages over later settlements, the 
histoi-y of St. Augu-stine may be cited. The 
parish of St. Augustine, in the little town of 
that name, is one of the oldest in the northern 
half of the state, and the town was contem- 
porary with the parish. The place never de- 
veloped into a great city, however. 

Father Peter Paul Lefevre, afterwards 
Bishop of Detroit, is known to have visited 
St. Augustine in 1836. Henry Mattingly and 
his brother Austin, who were reared in Ken- 
tucky in the same neighborhood as the family 
of Archbishop John Lancaster Spalding, set- 
tled in St. A'.gustine in 1837. When they 
arriTed there they found John Galet and 
George McElroy, who had come from Ohio 
the year previous. 

Father John Mary Ireneaus St. Cyr is 
known to have visited St. Augustine from 
1837 to 1839, and after him Father Timothy 
Conway and Father Andrew Doyle traveled 
the same route. 

Father John A. Drew of Peoria made 
quarterly visits in 1841 and 1842. 

Father John Blasius Raho, C. M., of La 
Salle, said Mass in Saint Augustine in 1843 
and 1844. His last visit to the place was 
October 3, 1844, when the first church was 
blessed by Bishop Peter Richard Kenrick of 
St. Louis. 



FatluM" John C. Brady from Kickapoo at- 
tended the parish from that time until 1846. 
After him came Father James Griffith once a 
month until 1849. Father Thomas Kennedy 
from Peoria then attended the CatlioHcs of 
the vicinity until 1854, when Father Edward 
O'Neill came from Macomb. 

After this the parish was regularly at- 
tended from Macomb by Father John Fitman 
until 1857, Father Thomas O'Neill to 1858, 
Father Patrick Meehan to 1859, Father Philip 
Allbrecht to 1864, Father John Larmer to 
1869, and Father John Mangan to 1872. 

The first resident pastor was Reverend 
John Halpin, who took charge in February, 
1873, but remained only a few months. He 
was .succeeded by Reverend Joseph McMahon, 
who remained until 1875. Reverend Patrick 
Dalton then came for one year. He was suc- 
ceeded by Rev. Maurice Howard, who re- 
mained from 1876 to 1878, and during his 
pastorate the Diocese of Peoria was formed. 

St. Michael's — Galena, 1836 

Galena is one of the early white settle- 
ments in Illinois. The French pioneers 
named it "Lapoint." The town site is lo- 
cated about two and one-half miles from the 
Mississippi River on the Fever River. It was 
the head laager or camping ground for the 
powerful Indian tribes, and consequently a 
favorite trading point where French dealers 
and American Fur Company agents met the 
Indians. Hence the name "Lapoint." It 
continued to be a regular annual trading post 
from 1810 to 1821, at which latter date the 
first permanent settlement was made by Jesse 
W. Shull, Dr. Samuel C. Muir and f! Bout- 
hiilier. From this date to 1826 the surround- 
ing country filled up rapidly with miners for 
lead ore, which was found in large quantities. 
In 1826 the territory for a space of thirty 
square miles had an estimated population of 
10,000 people, mostly men, but few being 
accompanied by their families. 

The first authentic record of Catholic ser- 
vices dates back to 1827, when Rev. Vincent 
Baden said Mass in the houses of Catholic 
families, but it is probable that French priests 
visited the site previous to this date, because 
they then had established a mission at Prairie 
du Chien, some distance north on the Missis- 
sippi. It is probable, however, that they only 
called occasionally, because in 1825 there is a 
record of a marriage by a United States mil- 
itary officer stationed at Lapoint, and in a 



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2evAEL.eisin^ 



\ St Francis Assisi Church. Chicago. III. 1(553 | 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred-eighty-one 



few months later two coiiplt^s were obliged to 
go to Prairie du Chieu to be married. 

Rev. Samuel Mazzuchelli, an Italian Do- 
minican missionary, visited Galena in 1832, 
1833 and 1834. About this time a most 
deadly epidemic of cholera broke out in the 
city and surrounding mining camps. In 1836 
the disease was still epidemic, for at this date 
BisV.op Rosati sent Rev. John MeMahan to 
Galena, then said to have a population of 800 
Catholics. He died, soon after beginning his 
labors, of cholera. He was followed by Father 
Charles FitzMorris, who died of cholera three 
months after his arrival. Father Shanahan 
was next to follow in the steps of these la- 
mented pioneer ministers. All three priests 
were buried in the public cemetery where they 
still lie. 

After the death of these three priests 
Father Mazzuchelli again returned to Galena, 
and in 1837 built the first St. Michael's 
church. It was a stone structure and stood 
on Bench Street, where the present St. Mich- 
ael's stands. 

A German priest. Father Caspar Henry 
Ostlangenberg, came to Galena soon after the 
cKurch was built and celebrated Mass in it 
for the German Catholic people. 

Father Remigius Petiot was the next pas- 
tor, or, more accurately written, the first resi- 
dent pastor of St. Michael's, because Father 
Mazzuchelli 's missionary duties extended over 
a considerable territory. Father Petiot was 
pastor in 1843, when the first bishop of Illinois 
was appointed. 

There are few people of the present gener- 
ation who know why St. Michael's is desig- 
nated "the Cathedral," but so it was named 
in 1842. Father Maurice de St. Palais it is 
said, wanted to be bishop of the new diocese 
to be created. He was then pastor of St. 
Mary's, Chicago. Galena was a strong rival 
for the seat of the new see. Father De St. 
Palais was willing to divide the territory, 
gi\'ing Galena an li-ish bishop and he to take 
the Chicago See as a French bishop. The 
influence of Bishop John Hughes of New 
York at the Baltimore conference finally re- 
sulted in recommending to the Holy Father 
Rev. William Quarter, who became the first 
bishop. But after more than half a cen- 
tury has passed the Catholics of Galena still 
call St. Michael's "The Cathedral." 

The first visit of Bishop Quarter to Galena 
was August 8, 1843, at which time he admin- 
istered for the first time the Sacrament of 
Confirmation, confirming forty-two people. 



Father Petiot was pastor of St. Michael's at 
this time, and Rev. John Brady was assistant. 
Missions at Elizabeth and other points were 
served from Galena. 

In November, 1843, the bishop again vis- 
ited Galena, making the journey on horseback 
and stopped over night near Elizabeth, at the 
house of a German farmer named Weaver, 
and he made the return trip to Chicago in the 
private carriage of Mr. Gavin of Galena. 

June 1, 1844, Rev. Father James Flynn 
was appointed to Galena to attend the mis- 
sions of St. Francisville and Mt. Carmel. 
From this it would appear that the western 
part of the diocese over a large territory was 
tribiitary to St. Michael's. 

On the second visit of the bishop to Galena 
his brother, Rev. Walter J. Quarter, went with 
him and took two Sisters of Mercy, who were 
established in temporary quarters. At the 
next visit he bought the ground for the con- 
vent on upper Main or Broad Street. Be- 
tween this time and July, 1844, the convent 
must have been built, for on the 10th of July, 
1844, Bishop Quarter shows that Mother 
Agatha left for Galena to see Sister Gertrude, 
who died on the 14th in the convent of the 
Sisters of Mercy at Galena. His entry at this 
time further says : ' ' Never have we witnessed 
such a death as that of Sister Gertrude — so 
much resignation, such piety, such confidence 
in the mercy of God. ' ' At this date his entry 
also shows that he paid down $3,000 for the 
convent in Galena and made the deed over to 
the Sisters of Mercy. 

The synod of April, 1847, shows Rev. 
Bernard McGorisk pastor for the mission of 
Vinegar Hill, and residing in Galena. Jan- 
uary 14, 1849, Rev. Dennis Dunne was ap- 
pointed assistant at Galena. 

On the 18th of October, 1850, the Rt. Rev. 
Bishop James Oliver Van de Velde, accom- 
panied by Rev. Roderick Heimeling, left for 
Galena on the Chicago and Galena railroad, 
to its terminus near Elgin, and going the rest 
of the way by stage. The bishop celebrated 
Mass in the Sisters' convent and gave the 
white veil to Mathilda Crow and Mary Maher, 
they receiving the names respectively of Sis- 
ter Camille and Sister Monica. During this 
visit to Galena the German Catholics were 
organized and a committee was chosen to pro- 
cure a lot within the city limits and solicit 
subscriptions to build a German Catholic 
church. Father Heimeling, who was taken 
there for that purpose, was appointed its first 
pastor. This was the beginning of St. Mary's. 



^o-o- 



^ t 




K^v. ff.e. Van Pen 






Sacred Heart Church, Joliet, III. 1S54 




Riw 5 fKD&i^e 



Rev A.D Grdin^er 



i I St. Rose of Lima Church. Kankakee. III. 1(355 | 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred eighty-three 



The next visit of Bishop Van de Velde to 
Galena was November 11, 1851. He jour- 
neyed by stage from McHenry ; by an acci- 
dental overturning of the stage he was nearly 
killed. At this time he records dining at the 
house of P. Dowling, a wealthy merchant of 
Galena, who died many years ago. At this 
visit he also records the solemn profession at 
the convent of Sophie Granger, Sarah Gib- 
bons, Anne Drum and Helen Egan. 

Father Patrick T. McElhearne succeeded 
Father McGorisk as pastor of St. Michael's 
about the beginning of the year 1854. Dur- 
ing the first year of his pastorate a fire broke 
out on Commerce Street, and extended north 
across Main and Bench Streets, burning 
thirty-two buildings, including St. Michael's 
church. 

A few months afterward Father McEl- 
hearne began the construction of a new St. 
Michael's. Though the construction began in 
1855, the church was not completed until 1868 
or 1869. It was dedicated in 1871 by Rt. Rev. 
Bishop Thomas Foley. Father McElhearne 
also started the parochial school and placed 
it under the care of the Dominican Sisters. 
They have a fine college a few miles north 
of Galena at Sinsinawa Mound, the history of 
which dates back to the forties. 

Rev. Father John Larkin was the next 
pastor. He only remained a few years and 
was- succeeded by Rev. Father Walter Powers. 
In 1869 Rev. Patrick Farrelly, then at Joliet, 
exchanged places with Father Powers. 

Father Farrelly made considerable im- 
provements in St. Michael 's. The three altars 
were put in and many of the stained-glass 
windows. He also completed the tower of the 
church, which had for thirty years remained 
unfinished. Father Farrelly died within five 
years of the jubilee year of his priesthood. 

Rev. C. J. O'Callaghan was appointed his 
successor and remained in charge of St. Mich- 
ael 's until 1893, when Rev. J. E. Shannahan 
was appointed. 

Among the many pastors and assistant 
pastors who have been stationed at Galena 
and its out-missions, in addition to those men- 
tioned, are : Rev. Dennis Dunne, Rev. P. Mc- 
Dermott, Rev. John McDermott, Rev. P. Fitz- 
patrick, Rev. John McGann, Rev. M. O'Don- 
nell, Rev. Paul Biirke, Rev. Fathers P. J. 
Meehan and Cunningham. 

Galena is no longer in the Chicago Diocese, 
but remains one of the historic localities of 
the state. 



St. Mary's — Freeport, 1836 

The first Ma.ss was celebrated in Freeport 
in the house of Simon Brady, near Kellogg's 
Grove, in the month of October, 1827, by Rev. 
Vincent Baden, while on a journej' from Chi- 
cago to Galena. The Catholic settlers received 
spiritual attention only occasionally, when a 
priest should happen along during the next 
eight years. 

In 1835 or 1836, when Bishop Rosati sent 
Rev. John McMahon to Galena, he was also 
to attend the surrounding missions, which in- 
eluded Freeport and New Dublin. From this 
date until 1843 Freeport was an out-mission 
from St. Michael's, Galena, and attended by 
each succeeding pastor tl-.ere. In 1843 Father 
Francis Derwin was appointed pastor at New 
Dublin, at that time a much more pretentious 
settlement than Freeport, and located some 
twenty miles northwest of the present city of 
Freeport. Father Derwin 's parochial resi- 
dence was at the house of a citizen named 
Murphy, and he said Mass in a log house, 
16x24, and seven logs high. Father Derwin 
was succeeded by Father James Kavanaugh, 
early in 1846, as pastor of New Dublin. He 
built the first St. Mary's church at the Free- 
port Mission in 1854, a small frame structure. 

Father Cavanaugh's missions included 
Freeport, Irish Grove and Fenlon. Tli^ only 
two churches in his circuit were those at New 
Dublin and Irish Grove, until he built the first 
St. Mary's at Freeport. He also filled oc- 
casional appointments at Elizabeth, Rockford, 
Mt. Carroll, Plum River, Savanna, "Warren 
and a station below Freeport. He had four 
residences in his circuit — with Mrs. Catherine 
Egan at Freeport, Mrs. Murphy at New Dub- 
lin, Edward Mullarkey at Irish Grove and 
Peter Fenlon at Fenlon. Father Cavanaugh 
was succeeded in this pastorate by Rev. Ferd- 
inand Kalvelege, who, during his pastorate 
and residence at New Dublin, built the church 
still in use there, in 1900. 

About the year 1857 or 1858, he also built 
the second St. Marj-'s at Freeport, a neat 
brick structure, considerably larger than the 
frame church. He also established the first 
parochial school in this parish. 

About this date (1855) the Illinois Central 
Railroad was built through this fertile section 
of the state. Farm lands were rapidly taken 
up by newcomers, and the village of Freeport 
had considerable of a boom. Father Kal- 
velege changed his residence from New Dub- 
lin to Freeport and said Mass to both Irish 



■» o 



■<>-»■ 






Reyy.N.PIiLnkeff RQv.KJ.SCo///nS Rev.H.M'Guire 



<i 




Rev. P.W.Dunne 




Most Rev. PW. Riordsn 



St. James' Church, Chicago. III. ia55 



Zl 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred eighty-five 



and German Catholics until 1862, when the 
congregation was divided. The Germans 
built a new church and had it dedicated to 
the patronage of St. Joseph, Father Kal- 
velege becoming pastor of the German church 
and Father Thomas O'Gara was appointed 
pastor of St. Mary's. 

Soon after this Father Kalvelege returned 
to Chicago and was appointed to organize St. 
Francis parish. Father O'Gara remained for 
seven years the pastor of St. Mary's, when, 
in 1866, he went to Bloomington. 

The diocese having been divided aad Free- 
port excluded it is not necessary to follow its 
history further. 

St. Dennis — Lockport, 1837 

In 1837 Father John Francis Plunkett 
built a log church among the temporary set- 
tlements or camps of the Illinois and Michi- 
gan Canal workers at a place called Haytown, 
three miles north of the present city of Lock- 
port. 

In 1846 Rev. Dennis Ryan arrived in 
Lockport, and received faculties from Bishop 
Quarter. And the log church was moved 
from Haytown to Lockport. It was dedicated 
under the title of "St. Dennis." Out-mis- 
sions were established at Summit, Sag Bridge, 
Cass, Palos, Athens and Romeo, and all were 
attended from St. Dennis church, Lockport. 
Soon there were six churches in the territory. 

Rev. Michael O'Donnell succeeded the 
Rev. Dennis Ryan, the first priest in St. Den- 
nis parish, and began the St. James church. 
Sag Bridge, but was stricken with the fearful 
scourge of cholera, which raged all along his 
missions in the year 1854, and carried away a 
great number of his people. 

Then came Rev. Thomas Fitzgerald, Rev. 
John Larkin, Rev. P. J. Meehan, Rev. Michael 
McLaughlin, and Rev. Michael Hurley, who 
built the first frame church in Lemont, and 
had it dedicated under the title of St. Pat- 
rick. Later on Rev. John Mackin and Rev. 
A. Eustace were pastors here. 

In 1877 it was necessary to build a new 
church in Lockport. Rev. Maurice J. Dorney 
was appointed to do the work. It was com- 
pleted sufficiently for service in 1879, and was 
formally dedicated on December 8th, the Feast 
of the Immaculate Conception. This beauti- 
ful church and its noble and striking tower 
built high up on Lockport 's greatest hill, can 
be seen for miles and miles from the sur- 
rounding picturesque Desplaines Valley. 



Rev. Doctor James J. McGovern completed 
St. Dennis church, and in 1897 built the beau- 
tiful stone tower. He was pastor of this 
church for almost thirtj'-four years. Besides 
his work in the parish he won not a little dis- 
tinction from his various books, all on Cath- 
olic subjects. He was a careful student, a re- 
nowned writer, and a profound theologian. 
He was succeeded by the Rev. Francis E. 
O'Brien, the present pastor. 

The Sisters'of Providence, from St. Mary 
of tlie Woods, Indiana, came here in August, 
1881, and established the Sacred Heart school. 
It was their fir.st school in Illinois, and the 
people of Lockport are quite proud of this 
honor. 

St. Thomas the Apostle 
Near Millstadt, 1837 

On November 26, 1837, a log church was 
built on the farm of Thomas Laughlin and 
dedicated by Bishop Rosati of St. Louis in 
honor of St. Thomas, Apostle. 

The history of the building of this little 
church as it appears 'on the parish register 
of Holy Family Church at Cahokia, over the 
sign^re of Rev. John Francis Regis Loisel, 
is^^CTJ'^'interesting. It reads as follows: 
"November 17, 1836, . I said Mass the first 
time at the house of James Powers for the 
new congregation of St. Thomas. About 
twenty-five persons were present, and six re- 
ceived communion. We spoke to them about 
building a little chapel, and we concluded that 
on the next Wednesday, the 23rd of the 
month, the parishioners should assemble to cut 
down trees for the construction of the chapel, 
to which they had given the name of St. Thom- 
as, the Apostle. January 24, 1837, said Mass 
at St. Thomas the second time, twenty-five to 
thirty persons were present, and ten received 
Communion. After the Mass a subscription 
was taken up for the new church, which 
amounted to eighty-two dollars, and three 
trustees were elected, .John O'Brien, .James 
Powers and Bernard Slocy." 

This little church is also referred to in the 
Catholic directories as the "Johnson Settle- 
ment." From 1839 to 1843 it was attended 
from Teutonia, now Paderborn, by Rev. 
Charles Mej-er, and in 1839 also by Rev. John 
Kenny; then from Belleville by Rev. J. Kuen- 
.ster, until 1845, and by Rev. G. H. Ostlangen- 
berg until 1850. 

The mission was transferred to the village 
of Millstadt, when the brick church there was 
completed in 1851. 



^^-o- 





father krrmvdy Upv. hlJ. Fyan -^ 





St. Patrick's Ghurch. Everett, III. 1650 




/iev £ O'/lei/ly 



St Patrick's Church, So. Chicago. III. 1(557 



i 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred eighty-seven 



St. James — Sag Bridge, 1837 

This church is situated on a hill near the 
intersection of Archer Road and One Hun- 
dred and Seventh Street (Sag Bluff Road), 
at the junction of the valleys of the Sag and 
of the Desplaines. It covers the site of an 
old signal post that guarded this strategic- 
ally important point. On the same ridge, 
about a mile to the east, an Indian village was 
located. Skeletons, stone axes and arrow 
heads have been unearthed in great numbers 
all along the valley of the Sag. The exact 
date of the foundation of this parish seems to 
be lost. 

Irish Catholics commenced to settle here 
in the early thirties of last century. A Mr. 
Kinney came to Palmyra (Lemont township) 
in 1831. Thomas and Winifred Claffey ar- 
rived here in 1834. Their son, Mr. Charles 
Claffey, 5922 Emerald Avenue, is authority 
for the statement that a priest visited the Sag 
on horse-back about once every three or four 
months to say Mass and administer the Sacra- 
ments at the house of soaie settler where the 
community would gather. Fathers Hipolyte 
Du Pontavice and John Guegnen are on re- 
cord as having attended this place from Joliet. 

One of their stopping places was the house 
of William and Bridget Larkins in a place 
then called Smoky Hollow, near the intersec- 
tion of One Hundred and Eleventh Street and 
One Hundred and Eighth avenue. Mrs. 
Larkins kept a boarding house for the labor- 
ers excavating the Calumet-Sag Feeder. In- 
dians were then still plentiful in this neigh- 
borhood. 

Mr. Patrick Kirk, who died on April 25, 
1918, and is buried in the Sag cemetery, at- 
tended school in Chicago when there were 
but 66 children in all Chicago. His parents 
lived a little to the south of Sag Bridge. He 
remembered well the severe winter — he 
thought it was in 1836 — in which the buffaloes 
at Hickory Creek died in great numbers for 
want of food and water. In the same winter 
Patrick's mother died, on April 12th, and the 
snow was stiU so deep that he went by sled 
to the Weers farm, three miles south of Sag 
Bridge, to order the cofiin. Mr. Weers, a 
Scotchman, was a carpenter. 

Dennis Ford arrived here in 1836. He is 
Btill remembered as "the Irish gentleman" 
who wore a silk hat and rode on horse-back. 

Augustus Dolan came the following year. 
He later on built the stone house at Sag, on 
the Archer road, the road now nationally 



famous through the wisdom of the cobbler 
philosopher, Mr. Dooley. Mr. Dolan became 
postmaster and merchant prince of Sag 
Bridge. These honors had been formerly 
held by Joshua Bell, who had found his way 
here from Montreal, built a hotel here in 
1838, and aftenvards became the proprietor 
of the Vermont House in Chicago. 

In 1836 the Archer Road from Chicago to 
Lockport was laid out, preparatory to the 
digging of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. 
It is named after Colonel Archer, one of the 
promoters of the enterprise. This construc- 
tion work, including the excavating of the 
Calumet-Sag Feeder, also the opening of the 
Sag quarries, brought a considerable popu- 
lation, mostly transient, to the Sag. As early 
as 1838 the little hamlet boasted of a post- 
office, a store and a hotel. This is as far as it 
ever progressed. 

Father Dennis Ryan, who organized St. 
Dennis parish in Lockport, in 1837, also gath- 
ered a congregation at the Sag. He lived to 
the south from here on a little farm which he 
worked for his living. After him,Father John 
Ingoldsby pastorated the Sag from Joliet. 

From 1846 on Mass was celebrated in a 
little log house that had served as a school. 
It was located near Kent's Point, on the 
Archer Road, across the street from the pres- 
ent parish hall, the Saginaw Hall. "They 
cut away the loft to make a gallery, and 
erected a crude altar in one corner; there 
were no seats in the place, and only part of 
the floor was covered with rough boards." 

Father Ingoldsby went to California in 
1848. 

The next record is supplied by the West- 
ern Tablet of October 30th, 1852 : 

"On Wednesday, October 19, Bishop Van 
de Velde administered the Sacrament of Con- 
firmation to ninety-six persons, about one- 
third of them adults, at Saganash, commonly 
known by the name of the Sag, about twenty- 
two miles south of Chicago. Ninetj- persons 
approached the Holy Table during Mass, 
which was said by the Rev. M. O'Donnell, 
who attended this station from Lockport. 

"Among them was a lady of a very re- 
spectable family and the wife of one of the 
most influential citizens of the neighborhood, 
the mother of several children, who had prev- 
iously made her abjuration and been condi- 
tionally baptized by the bishop. She had 
been reared in the Scotch Presbyterian per- 
suasion, to which for many j'ears she had 
been a strict adherent. 



4- O- 



'^^' 








Holy Family CHuncH, Chicago, III. 1(357 




i«BiMMiMlM*i 



Immaculate Conception Church. Chicago, III. ie>59 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred eighty-nine 



"In the afternoon the bisliop laid tlic 
corner stone of a new church, 40x60, which 
is to replace the old log building that had 
hitherto been used as a church. Ths new 
building is to be erected on an elevated spot, 
and will command a view of the whole sur- 
rounding country." 

The lady mentioned was Mrs. James Miehie 
of Summit, whose little daughter, Katherine, 
now Mrs. D. F. Bremner of Chicago, was on 
that occasion also received into the Church. 

The Rev. Michael Hurley of St. Dennis 
church in Lockport, opened a separate bap- 
tismal register for the mission at the Sag, or, 
as he calls it, "Church at the Saginaw." The 
first entry was that of Johanna Murphy, on 
March 22, 1857. She died as Mrs. Miles 
Moran, on November 13, 1919. In the fol- 
lowing year, James Murphy and John Sulli- 
van donated each four acres to the church. 
They kave been used for burial purposes, and 
constitute the present Sag cemetery. The 
deed is dated October 13, 1858. The prem- 
ises had been used for burials decades before. 
The earliest death recorded on a tombstone is 
that of Hannorah, died January 15, 1837, 
aged three weeks, daughter of Michael Ford, 
a native of the parish of Tuam, County Gal- 
way, Ireland. The stone is near the entrance 
to the church. 

Father H\irley was succeeded in Febru- 
ary, 1864, by Rev. John Maekin. The latter 
handed the keys over to Rev. A. Eustace in 
spring, 1868. 

In the fall of 1873 a Father Murphy as- 
sumed the pastorate for a brief space, to be 
succeeded by Rev. Maurice J. Dorney. He 
attended, the Sag church every second Sunday 
from Loekport. 

On April 11, 1880, Father T. 'Sullivan 
was appointed the first resident pastor of Sag 
and Palos. He lived at Mount Forest. He 
resigned on August 16, 1880, to accept the 
pastorate of Maji;own, near Dixon. 

Father 'Sullivan's meeting with Na- 
poleon the Third is well known to the older 
priests of the archdiocese. He spoke French 
and German flbently. 

Sag and Palos now became missions of St. 
Patrick's church, Lemont. Rev. J. E. Hogan 
was the pastor, assisted by the Rev. Joseph 
A. Bollmann. 

In the fall of 1882 Father Bollman was 
appointed resident pastor of the Sag, with 
Palos for a mission. He built the Sag rec- 
tory, hall and barns, and in 1888 also en- 
larged the stone church. He remained in 



charge for twenty-one years, until the fall 
of 1903, when he was transferred to the pas- 
torate of St. Francis Xavier church in La 
Grange. He was highly revered and beloved 
by his parishioners, in fact, by everybody. 
He also acquii-cd a reputation as an excellent 
horseman and a great hunter. 

From October, 1903, to July, 1909, Rev. 
Paul J. Rosch presided over the parishes of 
Sag and Palos. He built the present church 
in Palos. He was a worthy, very devout 
priest. 

He was succeeded by Rev. Vincent Brum- 
mer, the present pastor. He erected a new 
parish hall, the Saginaw Hall, in 1912. 

The La Salle Missions — 1838 

It is written in history that William 
Byrne, a contractor on the Illinois and Mich- 
igan Canal, was the motive power in bring- 
ing the ministers and functions of the Church 
to LaSalle and the LaSalle country. 

It is related that after a canvass of the 
situation anc^ "near Christmas, 1837, (Wil- 
liam Byrne) took the boat at Peru, a village 
adjoining LaSalle, and sailed to St. Louis. 
He called on his lordship (Right Reverend 
Joseph Rosati, Bishop of St. Louis) laid be- 
fore him the condition of hundreds of Irish 
Catholics in the northeastern portion of Illi- 
nois, particularly those on the public works, 
and implored him to send, without delay, mis- 
sionaries. " The bishop gave a promise that 
he would do everything in his power to grant 
the request, and Byrne went home and re- 
ported to his neighbors the result of his mis- 
sion. 

Rev. John Timon, C. M., who later became 
the first Bishop of Buffalo, was at the time 
the "visitor "'for the Congregation of Mis- 
sions and Prefect Apostolic of the territory of 
Texas, having charge of a number of mis- 
sionaries. Upon the bishop's invitation 
Father Timon visited him and was requested 
by the bishop to take into consideration the 
organization of the Church in the central part 
of Illinois. The responsibility was accepted 
by Father Timon and he at once set to work ■ 
to comply with the request. 

To break the ground in the new territory 
Father Timon selected Rev. John Blasius 
Raho, C. M., as leader, and Rev. Louis Aloy- 
sius Parodi, C. M., as assistant. Father 
Thomas A. Shaw, C. M., a distinguished suc- 
cessor of Father Raho at LaSalle, has told 
beautifully the storj' of the coming of the 



^»o- 




± 

4 



u 



St. John's Church, Chicago, III. 1Q59 



3ja 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred ninety-one 



Lazarists to LaSalle and tlieir evann;elization 
of the entire country around about. Their 
charge included tlie counties of LaSalle, Lee, 
Bureau, Grundy, Henry, Knox, Stark, Put- 
nam, Marshall, Peoria, Tazewell, McLean, 
Sangamon, McCoupin and Cass. 

The first entry was made on the church 
registers — a baptism — on April 24, 1838, and 
the mission was formally opened on Passion 
Sunday, April 7, 1838. " 

Father Shaw tells us how the good mis- 
sionaries went about their work and of the 
people they had to deal with, including one, 
Bangs. 

"Above, far and beyond, all Catholic na- 
tions, the Irish had ever set a high value on 
the services of Holy Faith ; above all among 
those who had lived near to, and had constant 
communication with the practices of the 
Church, Father Raho on his days of collecting 
along the canal, at the boarding hou.ses or 
shanties, had comparatively an easy time to 
obtain what he sought. The smile that 
grcjted him from the housewife or boarding 
mistress or men assured him: 'Your Rever- 
ence is welcome,' and the shake of the ha>:d 
followed. On one of his rambles along the 
canal he fell in with a wealthy contractor, 
president of a bank of issue at LaSalle. Mr. 
A. H. Bangs, such was his name, received 
Father Raho with much courtesy, and heard 
with eager satisfaction the missioner's narra- 
tive of what the Catholics intended to do by 
the way of procuring ground, erecting a 
church, and missionary residence. Highly 
approving of the purposes of the prie.st. Bangs 
then and there made out and handed to the 
simple raissioner a deed for an acre of land, 
giving at the same time his note for $.500.00 
(2,500 francs), as an additional donation for 
the like purpose. His gifts were very prince- 
ly — on paper. The object duped — the good 
father himself — will tell his own story, hold 
up to the light of modern people, the char- 
acter of Bangs, the first cheat and blood- 
sucker who had so cruelh^ outraged the people 
©f LaSalla and Peru. 

"Seeing we could not continue without a 
church, day and night I was wrapped up in 
thought. At first everything seemed to smile 
upon the enterprise. A Protestant gave his 
word for an acre of ground and for .$.500.00. 
Other Protestants, desirous to rival our Cath- 
olics in zeal, showed themselves very clever in 
their contributions. The number of) brick 
necessary for the church had been ordered ; 
all things were read}' ; and as I was about 



ready to commence the building, news came 
that the ground given did not belong to the 
giver (Bangs), and that this fellow, far from 
being prepared to send me the promised sum, 
$500.00, had fled tiie country, earrjnng away 
$9,000.00, the hard earnings of the poor can- 
allers he had employed; and, therefore, the 
contributions promised by these good people." 

We are also advised of the tradition of 
Bang's punishment: "Eye-witnesses still 
living declare that Bangs, the imposter, being 
caught, an outraged people inflicted the pun- 
i.shment of tarring and feathering the swind- 
ler. Yet the Catholic spirit prevailed, for the 
natural spirit had either thrown the murderer 
into the river or summoned Judge Lynch to 
hang him on the first tree. Thomas Cavan- 
augh, with Captain Kennedy saved the crim- 
inal. The effect of the ra.scality of Bangs on 
the hundreds of the poor laborers of LaSalle 
and Peru, bowed down with grief the good 
Fathers. ' ' 

Nothing daunted, Father Raho set to work 
with even greater zeal, and the record of the 
labors of himself and his Lazarist associates is 
worthy to be read with that of all the great 
missionaries who labored in Illinois. 

The LaSalle mission, as we have seen, was 
established on Passion Sunday. On Easter 
Sundaj' morning of the same year — April 21, 
1838 — Father Raho set out for Ottawa on 
horseback with his vestments and the sacred 
vessels in his saddle-bags, and planted the 
germ of a church in that gathering, and 
about the same time made a report to the 
superior of his order which indicates in an 
interesting manner his labors: "I received 
a letter from Msgr. Rosati, vrho missioned me 
to visit another congregation (Chretenti) a 
hundred and eighty miles distant from La- 
Salle." The people he was requested to visit 
covered an area of sixty miles, including 
Beardstown, Meredosia, Virginia and the 
capital of the state, Springfield. In the early 
part of the summer of 1838 Father Raho 
landed at Beardstown, on the Illinois river, 
and writes of his labors as follows: "I dis- 
covered about two hundred Catholics (Irish) 
scattered over sixty miles. For the space of 
a month 1 exercised amongst them the holy 
ministry, almost always traveling on foot, 
carrying on my shoulders saddle-bags contain- 
ing altar nece.s.saries, and in my hand a carpet- 
bag; in open air and far into tiic nigiit hear- 
ing confessions; in the day, occupied teaching 
catechism. I was amazed at the working of 
grace and at the eagerness with which these 



-o-o- 





m 




Rev.P.Traynor ^H^^^^^P Rev.xlM.Ford RQw.Fafherdu.rke 
Rev. J. Sprinael 




\ St. Columdkille's Church, Chicago, III. 1659 






Diamond Jjibilee 



Page hundred ninety-three 



people rushed to hear the instructions I gave, 
flinging aside for tliis purpose hours of sleep 

f. and nourishment The success of my 

mission eight miles from Beardstown has been 
that a small church is to be built there, and 
five children were baptized ; one of Catholic 
parents ; two of parents, one Catholic, the 
other Protestant, and the other of Protestant 
parents. That church is located in the town 
of Virginia, ten miles from Beardstown, on the 
road to Springfield." 

During their service in the Illinois mis- 
■ sions, Fatlicr Raho and Fatlier Parodi evan- 
gelized the following places, either building 
churches or preparing the way for churches : 
LaSalle, Ottawa, Virginia, Centerville, Peru, 
Beardstown, Peoria, LaSalle Prairie, Pekin, 
Kickapoo, Jacksonville, Shelbyville, Mar- 
seille?. Black Partridge, Lincoln and Lacon. 

As these places are no longer within the 
Archdiocese of Chicago, we reluctantly give 
up the pur.suit of their progress. 

St. Michael's — Paderborn, 1838 

This locality was originally known as Ger- 
man settlement, Teutonia, and Prairie du 
Long, but was called by Rev. W. Busch, Pad- 
erborn. All the first settlers were German 
emigrants, with the exception of three 
families. 

As early as 1838 mention is made in the 
Catholic directories of German Settlement, 
Teutonia and Prairie du Long. The English 
settlement, St. Augustine, was also in the 
same township of Prairie du Long. Rev. 
Charles Meyer seems to have been the resi- 
dent pastor there from 1838 until 1843, and 
from there he attended a vast number of 
Catholics scattered throughout the neighbor- 
hood. Since a study of the directories shows 
that he attended missions which were also at- 
tended by Irish priests, he probably limited 
his attention to the Catholic German emi- 
grants. 

From 1843 until 1847 Teutonia received 
attention from Belleville. Then mention of 
the mission in Catholic directories ceases until 
1851, when it again appears under caption, 
"Prairie du Long, German Settlement, Help 
of Christians, attended from Centerville 
(Millstadt)." 

St. LIBOR y — At St. Libory, 1838 

A congregation was established at St. 
Libory in St. Clair County, in 1838. Bishop 
Rosati of St. Louis sent Father Caspar H. 



Ov.tlangenberg as the first pastor. St. Libory 
is first mentioned in the Catholic Directory in 
1840, and the parish was then known as St. 
Thaddeus. 

The priests who served at this very early 
mission from its establishment to the division 
of the dioeese were Rev. Caspar H. Ostlan- 
genberg and Rev. Augustus Brickwedde, prob- 
ably the first resident pastor, who said his 
first Mass as pastor of St. Libory on the 25th 
of March, 1849. He came from Quincy, Illi- 
nois, where he had built that city's first church 
in 1837. 

There was a Catholic school at St. Libory 
almost from the beginning. Father Augustus 
Brickwedde built the first school and the 
dwelling for the Sisters. 

St. Patrick's — JoLffiT, 1838 

When the village, now the city, of Joliet, 
hacl a sufficient number of Catholics to require 
the services of a priest, the territory was with- 
in the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Vincennes 
;<nd under the authority of tlie first Bishop of 
Vincennes, Right Rev. Simon William Ga- 
briel Brute. 

Several Catholic priests had been in Joliet 
before the appointment of a pastor for the 
place. The P"'athers of the Foreign Missions 
had visited the place in 1699, but there is no 
evidence that they tarried there or performed 
any religious ministrations. Father Timothy 
"Meara had been all the way along the canal 
and had visited and ministered to the Catho- 
lics at .Joliet, but no permanent appointment 
was made for Joliet until 1838. 

Late in the fall of that year Father John 
Francis Plunket, from the Diocese of Vin- 
cennes, arrived to take up the duties of pastor 
and missionary under the direction of Bishop 
Brute. The first baptismal record was made 
November 23, 1838. 

Father Plunket had all the qualities of 
the able, young Irish priest, and began his 
work with the spirit and enthusiasm that has 
characterized the missionary throughout the 
history of Illinois. Ilis little congregation 
co-operated with him in every movement. 
Day and night they sacrificed of their time 
and labor in procuring and providing the 
neceesarj- materials for the erection of a 
church. 

"Father Plunket v:as the inspiration 
which spurred their activities — truly they 
were but aiding in the cause of the Son of 
God, and they well knew that their reward 



■f -» 



-o-o^ 



^ T 




I St. Michael's Church, U/heaton, III. 1(552 . | 




The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred ninety-five 



was not of this world, still who would not f^ive 
forth his best efVorts for this young priest who 
directed with a smile and a sally of Irish 
joviality? "He fascinated his jiarishioners 
with his charmin": personality, built upon the 
rock of Christ's priesthood, and Erin's faith." 
This good priest and early missionary was 
destined to but a brief career. Starting out 
after Christmas in 18.'^f) to make a tour of the 
neighborhood, both for the purpose of visiting 
his flock and advancing the cause of the 
Church, he was caught in a blinding storm 
and subjected to .such suffering that death 
resulted. 

His remains found a resting place in a 
crypt of the church he had planned and com- 
pleted in his short pastorate. On the oc- 
casion of making some alterations in the 
church in 1887, the body was removed to St. 
Patrick's cemetery, the sacred spot marked 
by a modest stone and venerated by the faith- 
ful who know of the pioneer pastor's great 
success and mourn his untimely death. 

After the death of Father Plunket, the 
little new foundation was attended by Rev. 
Maurice de Saint Palais, then a missionary 
priest of Vincennes, but laboring in the Illi- 
nois field west of Joliet. Father De Saint 
Palais was of the French nobility, but had 
forfeited his earthly rank and honors to .serve 
God alone. It will be seen that Chicago, too, 
was favored by his ministrations, and bj' fol- 
lowing his career it will be found that he was 
raised to the episcopal dignity, becoming the 
fourth Bishop of Vincennes. 

Another able early French priest with 
whom we will meet in many of the parishes, 
including Chicago, is the Rev. Hippolyte 
du Pontavice from the Diocese of \'incennes, 
who became pastor of St. Patrick's in 1840. 
Althoiigh born in Rennes,. Father du Ponta- 
vice was ordained at Vincennes by the second 
bishop of that diocese, the Rt. Rev. Celestin 
Rene de La Heilandiere on the 30th of No- 
vember, 1839. Father du Pontavice entei-ed 
upon the erection of a suitable church for the 
greatlj" increased congregation. ''Day by 
day, month by month, did Father du Ponta- 
vice attend personalh' to the building of the 
church, going about his other priestly duties 
only in Joliet, for after he had been here a 
short time he petitioned the bishop to send 
him an associate pastor. The work of con- 
struction was deemed so important that the 
constant presence of Father du Pontavice was 
found to be necessarj-. The bishop acceded to 
his wish on August 30, 1840, and we find an- 



other priest at St. Patrick's, Father John 
Gueguen." 

Father du Pontavice came in February, 
1840, and was three years at St. Patrick's, 
and completed the church. As will be seen 
he visited a number of other places in the 
neighborhood of Joliet, and laid the founda- 
tion for future churches therein. 

The Diocese of Chicago was created in 
1843 and the responsibility of the Bishop of 
Vincennes for the territory, including Joliet, 
(icased. Thereupon he recalled the priests of 
his dioce.se doing dutj' in Illinois, including 
Father du Pontavice. That he was a man of 
much ability is indicated by the fact that he 
was selected as Vicar-General of the Diocese 
of Vincennes, and that he was a devout priest 
is evidenced by the high esteem in which he 
was held not only in Joliet, but in other places 
where he ministered. 

Father John Gueguen, as has been noted, 
a.ssisted Father du Pontavice, but remained 
only one year in Joliet, when he was given 
charge over Lake County, Illinois, and at- 
tended also McHenry, Kane and DeKalb 
Counties. He, too, was recalled to Indiana 
in 1844, and in 1848 was transferred to In- 
dianapolis, where he built the first church. 

The fourth pastor of St. Patrick's Church 
was Rev. John Ingoldsby, one of the earliest 
priests ordained by Right Rev. William 
Quarter of the Chicago Diocese, his ordina- 
tion taking place in St. Mary's Cathedral, 
Chicago, on August 18, 1844. Four days 
after his ordination he took charge of St. Pat- 
rick's church, Joliet, as pastor. Father In- 
goldsby remained as pastor until 1850, when 
he was obliged to give up his work on ac- 
count of poor health, and went to California, 
where he remained until 1853. Thereafter 
he traveled to New York and various other 
parts of the country in search of health, but 
finality died in Wilmington, Illinois, and his 
remains were brought in solemn proce.ssion to 
be i)uried in St. Patrick's cemetery. Joliet. 
During Father Ingoldsby 's pastorate the 
Church flourished and increa.sed, a!id a bell 
presented by the bishop was hung in the 
steeple. 

Rev. George Haniilton became the fifth 
pastor of St. Patrick's. Father Hamilton was 
another of Bishop Quarter's priests ordained 
by him on August 18. 1846. On April. 3, 
1850, he was appointed pastor of St. Patrick's 
and remained until 1858. 

Father Hamilton was succeeded by the 
Rev. Patrick Farrellv, who arrived in Joliet 



+ o- 



-o-o- 



•^ + 




i 



I St. Peter and Paul's Church, Pilot, III. 1862 j 



i ] 





Rqv <J. Zills 



Rev D.L.M'Domi/d 



Rev. C. SecKer 



Immaculate Conception Church, Elmhurst, III. 



1662 I 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page hundred ninety-seven 



on August 9, 1858. Father Farrelly's first 
official act was to change the name of the 
church back to "St. Patrick's." It seems 
that Father Hamilton, out of devotion to his 
patron saint, Saint George, had changed the 
name in honor of that saint. It is said tliat 
the name St. Patrick was much more pleasing 
to the congregation, the great majority of 
whom, no doubt, were from St. Patrick's isle. 

Father Farrelly remained until 1869, 
when he was transferred to Galena. He died 
there on June 14, 1889, at the age of 77 
years, and it is said that n-iany of the resi- 
dents of Joliet drove the entire distance to 
Galena to his funeral. 

Father Walter Power, who had been pas- 
tor at Galena, was transferred to Joliet, thus 
making a simple exchange of parishes. A 
notable accomplishment of Father Power's 
administration was the erection of a paroch- 
ial residence, which in its day was considered 
the finest residence on the west side. Father 
Power was called by death in 1886, and his 
funeral was the occasion of one of the great- 
est demonstrations of esteem ever seen in 
Joliet. Archbishop Feehan presided person- 
ally at the funeral services. His remains 
were at first placed in St. Patrick's cemetery, 
but later his devoted friends removed his body 
to its present resting place in Calvary ceme- 
tery, Chicago. 

Upon the death of Father Power, Rev. 
Patrick W. Dunne was, in 1886, transferred 
from St. Mary's in Joliet, to St. Patrick's. 
Father Dunne immediately set about exten- 
sive improvements in the church property, one 
of which, the lowering of the floor of the 
church, added greatly to the beauty of tii« 
structure. Father Dunne also built a fine 
new school called the Marquette school, which 
was aftei'wards occupied by the Christian 
Brothers under the name of De La Salle In- 
stitute. The ladies of Loretto were placed in 
charge of the new school. 

Father Dunne remained in charge until 
1911, when he was appointed by Archbishop 
Quigley as permanent rector of St. James 
parish in Chicago. He was also made dio- 
cesan consultor hj Archbishop Quigley, and 
has been continued in that dignity by Arch- 
bishop Mundelein. Rev. Dr. Dennis J. Dunne, 
the present assistant chancellor of the Arch- 
diocese of Chicago, and brother of Father 
Patrick W. Dunne, was assistant in St. Pat- 
rick's for a short time. 

Upon the promotion of Father Dunne, 
Rev. Thomas O'Brien, who had been a.ssistar>t 



to Father Patrick W. Dunne, remained until 
1917, when he was transferred to St. Patrick's 
church in Chicago. 

Rev. Peter O'Dwyer succeeded Father 
Patrick W. Dunne as pastor of St. Patrick's 
in 1911, and so continued until 1917. It was 
during his pa.storate that the new house on 
Broadway, which is now the residence of the 
Christian Brothers, was built. 

The Rev. Philip L. Kennedy succeeded 
Father O'Dwyer, taking charge June 23, 1917. 

Rev. William D. O'Brien, the vice-presi- 
dent of the Catholic Church Extension Soci- 
ety, and associate editor of the Extension 
Magazine, and Rev. Joseph P. Morrison from 
the Sulpitian House of Studies, Washington, 
D. C, were popular assistants at St. Patrick's, 
the latter still serving in that capacity. 

A feature of St. Patrick's services is the 
quality of the music. A talented choir has 
been maintained for many years, and the 
sacred concert which is given every year is an 
important event in musical circles in the city. 

The church societies include St. Patrick's 
Sanctuary Boys, the Altar and Rosary Soci- 
ety, the Young Ladies Sodality, St. Aloysius 
Sodality, the Children of Mary, the St. Ce- 
celia Music Circle, Our Ladj^ of Victory De- 
bating Society, St. Patrick's Athletic Asso- 
ciation, and St. Patrick's Fife and Drum 
Corps. 

The Sisters of Loretto had charge of the 
parochial school for many years, but when 
they were recalled to their mother house in 
Canada in 1914, the Dominican Sisters, of 
Adrian, Michigan, took charge. 

A feature in connection with the parochial 
.school which is developing satisfactorily, is 
St. Patrick's library, a spacious and attrac- 
tive room in the northeast corner of the pa- 
rochial school building is occupied by the 
library. 

At the earnest solicitation of His Grace, 
Archbishop Mundelein, the Christian Brothers 
came to Joliet in September, 1918, and estab- 
lished a Catholic high school for boys in the 
old St. Patrick's school building. 

SS. Simon and Jude 
Silver Creek, 1839 

The Catholic directories of 1839 mention 
this mission, and state that a church is to be 
built. It is visited by Rev. John Kenny, 
who preaches in English. 

Where was the mission located? Could it 
have been the beginning of Lebanon or Mas- 



+ -» 



^o-o- 



gTB 




i?eir r (J. Cro^ 



T^ew J.P.Rubey riZr 



I St. Benedict's Church. Blue Island, III. 1(561 | 




r 



St Mary's Church. Minooka, III. 1(362 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page hundred ninety-nine 



coutali, the only two present day parishes 
situated on or near Silver Creek? 

Rev. Henry Meyer attended the settlers 
about Maseoutah as early as 1839, but Mas- 
coutah does not appear in the directories until 
1854, when it is visited monthly from Belle- 
ville, but has no church. 

Lebanon makes its first appearance in the 
directories even later; however, about 1838, 
Rev. Henry Meyer, the first priest who visited 
Germantown, is met at Lebanon and accom- 
panied from here to Germantown by two of 
the earlj- settlers, near Germantown. Rev. 
Henry Meyer also visited stations and mis- 
sions elsewhere, which were attended by Rev. 
John Kenny. It appears that the former at- 
tended the Germans and the latter the English 
and Irish settlers. 

St. Patrick's — Lemont, 1840 

Father Marquette and companions visited 
the Valley of the Desplaines in the winter of 
1674-5, and for one hundred and fifty years 
afterwards very little transpired in this re- 
gion to attract the Catholic historian's notice. 
From time to time, it is true, missionaries 
visited the untutored savages of the forests, 
and plains, and attended the spiritual welfare 
of the soldiers and traders at the various trad- 
ing posts. The renowned Father Stephen 
Theodore Badin made periodical trips from 
Bardstown, Kentucky, to this vicinity until 
April 17, 1833, when the Bishop of St. Louis, 
whose jurisdiction included Illinois at the 
time, appointed Father John Mary Iraneaus 
St. Cyr as local pastor of Chicago and en- 
virons. He tells us that upon his arrival at 
his post of duty he found about two hundred 
Catholics, principally French Canadians, 
with one German family and several Irish. 

Two years later the bill making an appro- 
priation for the construction of the Illinois 
and Michigan canal was passed by the Legis- 
lature of Illinois. The contractors having 
charge of this important undertaking sent cir- 
culars to every seaport in the United States 
and Canada, offering inducements to the num- 
erous immigrants to come and work on the 
canal. As a further inducement land might 
be purchased at a nominal cost. As a result, 
immigrants came from the eastern states as 
well as from beyond the ocean, to "subjugate 
the western wilderness," and many reached 
the neighborhood of Athens, the name by 
which Lemont was first known. A large pro- 
portion of the newcomers hailed from the 



Emerald Isle, most of whom were Catholics. 

St. Patrick's parish was organized in 1840 
by a French priest. Father Hypolite Dupon- 
tavice of the Diocese of Vincennes. He .sup- 
erintended the erection of a log diurch in the 
neighborhood of the present corner of State 
and Main Streets. Father Dupontavice was 
succeeded by Father Denis R^-an, who im- 
mediately proceeded to take measures for the 
enlargement of the church, which had become 
too small for the growing congregation. The 
addition consisted of a frame structure, which 
was subsequently removed to Lockport. 

Then came Father Michael Ilurlc}-, who 
soon saw the necessity of a still larger church. 
He canvassed the parish for the necessary 
funds, with eminent success. The church was 
built on the hill adjoining the present site 
of the public school, and was dedicated on 
August 15, 1862. 

Father Hurley went to Peoria, and was 
appointed first bishop of that thriving place, 
but he respectfully, though firmly, refused 
the honor. He died as pastor of St. Patrick's 
church, Peoria, where his memory is revered. 

He was succeeded by Fathers John Mack- 
in, A. Eustace, T. ]\Iurphy and Maurice J. 
Dorney, who, as pastors of St. Denis, Lock- 
port, had jurisdiction over Lemont, Sag and 
Palos. 

It was not until 1880 that St. Patrick's 
was honored by the appointment of a resi- 
dent pastor, in the person of the young and 
energetic Rev. James E. Hogan. He was 
ablj- assisted by Father Joseph E. Bollman, 
who, a little later, became pastor of Sag. 
Father Hogan secured the Wells residence 
for a rectory, and the adjoining orchard as a 
site for a school. He built tiie academy there- 
on, and secured the services of Sisters to con- 
duet it. This academy was at the time one 
of the most imposing in the diocese, outside 
of Chicago. 

After Father Hogan "s death, Father 
Smj'th took charge, followed in rapid suc- 
cession by Fathers Gillan, O'Brien. Morris- 
sey, Donahue and O 'Sullivan. The present 
St. Patrick's church building is the happy 
result of Father O "Sullivan's successful ef- 
forts. Upon his transfer to St. Bridget's, 
Chicago, he was succeeded by Father Peter 
O 'Dwyer. 

In October, li)05. Reverend John A. Hem- 
lock assumed charge, on the promotion of 
Father "Dwyer to Wilmington. Father 
Hemlock died on September 23, 1919. On 



+ o- 



-o-o- 



S"ffl 




/?ev. C.Venn 




F<2V. J. P. Rondzik 




Re.v. A. E vets 




Rev. F. K.Hef^nischm^cher 






r^:^ 



ir s<s; 



^ ^J-'i^i^<H4iaM^Pf 





/?ev. C.A.Rempe 



I St. Boniface Qhurch. Chicago, III. 1(564 [ 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred-one 



October 7, 1919, Rev. Joseph Phelari was ap- 
pointed pastor. 

St. Michael's — Maytown or 
Palestine Grove, 1840 

It is nearly eighty years ago, April 28, 
1840, that Holy Mass was celebrated in the 
township of May, Winnebago county, for the 
first time, by the Rev. Father Louis Aloysius 
Parodi, Lazarist missionary, in the house of 
William Dolan. Neither Amboy nor Dixon 
existed at the time. The congregation con- 
sisted of the families of William Dolan, Mar- 
tin McGowan, John McGowan, Joliu Dorcey, 
Edward Burns, William Barry, Michael 
Mooney, Patrick Hamil from near Amboy, 
Major Downey and Thomas .Sheehan from 
East Grove, and Thomas Sanders from Wal- 
nut Grove, twenty miles away. From tliat 
time on, Holy Mass was celebrated by Father 
Thomas O'Donnell, who came from Ottawa 
four times a year on horseback. 

The first church, a log church, was built 
in 1847 on the site of old St. Michael's by a 
congregation of about twenty families. Eight 
years later the present old brick church was 
erected, and for years attended at regular in- 
tervals by priests from La Salle and Ottawa. 
When about the year 1860 Amboy built a 
parish church of its own, St. Michael's be- 
came a mission church, and was attended by 
the Amboy priest. 

In the year 1876 the old St. Patrick's 
church was built four miles west of "Sandy 
Hill" by Joseph Lammers of Chicago during 
the months of February, March, April and 
May. From that time on both churches were 
attended by a resident priest until 1894, when 
St. Michael's church was abandoned. Father 
Francis A. Keenan, who built the present 
church at Amboy, also built the old St. Pat- 
rick's church at Maytown and attended the 
church at "Sandy Hill" and St. Patrick's 
both until 1885, when he died on February 10. 

The succeeding pastors of Maytown have 
been the following priests : Rev. Fathers 
Parodi, O'Donnell, Hurley, Brady, Vahey, 
Clarke, Murphy, Keenan, Ratz, 'Sullivan, 
Quinlisk, Porcella and the present pastor, the 
Rev. C. J. Kirkfleet. 

St. Michael's has been in the Rockford dio- 
cese since its creation in 1908, but was for 
many years in the Chicago Diocese and Arch- 
diocese. During the present year a magnifi- 
cent new church was completed and dedicated. 



St. Philip's — East St. Louis, 1841 

The first setth^rs came to East St. Louis 
in about 1800, and were chiefly French. In 
1827 tliere were about fifteen families in the 
village and" in 1837 tliere were less than twenty 
families. Some of the priests in the neigh- 
borhood, as from Cahokia, occasionally visited 
tlie place and said Mass. 

The present church property was deeded 
to Bishop Rosati on April 25, 1834. The par- 
ish was established April 18, 1841, and the 
first pastor was Rev. Jean Francis Regis 
Loisel, curate at Cahokia. 

The first church was a frame building 
about 36 feet by 54 feet, which stood on the 
same ground which the present church occu- 
pies, and was built in 1842 by Father Peter 
J. Doutreluingue, C. M. 

St. Philip's is one of the flourishing 
churches of East St. Louis at the present time. 

SS. Peter and Paul — Alton, 1841 

The names of the first Catholics settled in 
Alton were Melaney, McCarroll, Clifford, Dr. 
White and Wise. The first Mass said in the 
city was celebrated at Sebastian Wise 's house, 
on Bond Street, in the year 1837. From that 
time on a priest would come from St. Louis 
now and then to hold divine service, either 
in a hall on State Street or in a small house 
rented for that purpose from Mr. Clifford in 
Upper Alton. In the directory for 1841 the 
latter was called the Church of St. Mathias, 
and had for resident rector the Rev. George 
A. Hamilton. Rev. Michael Carroll, a native 
of County Limerick, Ireland, replaced Father 
Hamilton in the same 3'ear, and the church 
under his charge was called St. Mathew's 
church. In 1845 Father Carroll built the 
first real church. In the following year a 
successful mission was preached by Rev. F. X. 
Wenninger, S. J. 

A fire, occasioned by the tumbling down 
of a burning house situated on a hill close by, 
destroyed the first building for Catholic wor- 
ship in 1851. The walls for the most part 
remained standing, and the building was 
afterwards reconstructed, and is now the Uni- 
tarian church, on Third and Alby Streets. 

Alton became the seat of a new see in 1857. 

Father Gueguen's Missions — 1841 

In 1841 Father John Gueguen was ap- 
pointed assistant at Joliet, where he remained 
one year, and tiien moved up to the Irish set- 



o-o- 



^m 




I St. Mary's Church. Fhemont Center, III. 1564 | 




St Anne's Church. Chicago, III. 1(355 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hiindred-three 



tlenipiit in Sliields To\viiship, Lake C'ounty. 
His dwelling was a lof? hut on the Carduaz 
road, near the Libertyville road. Father 
Gueguen from this station would take a four 
months' tour of the missions under his charge. 
Starting from his log hut on horseback, car- 
rying the missal, vestments and altar furni- 
ture in his saddlebags, westward to Freeport, 
sometimes to Galena, then south and east to 
Joliet and north by way of Chicago to his log 
house in the bush, visiting the Catholic set- 
tlers wherever he could find them, baptizing 
the children, saying Mass and speaking 
words of encouragement to the people "in 
the wilderness."' 

Im]maculate Conception 
'V ^^,\/>*^ ^^^^^GAN, 1841 %^^^ 

Previous to the year 1844 the Catholic 
population of the east half of the state of 
Illinois was under the jurisdiction of the 
Bishop of Vincennes, Indiana, while the south 
half of Illinois, was subject to the Bishop of 
St. Louis, Missouri. Consequently the Lake 
County Catholics looked to Vincennes for 
spiritual direction and instruction. ' Wauke- 
gan's early name had been Little Fort or 
Little Fork. Men making excavations on the 
lake shore here at Waukegan came upon two 
separate burial places. With the buried were 
many small silver crosses, silver buckles, 
clasps, etc., some iron cooking utensils, small 
pots, kettles, and tongs, evidences of civiliza- 
tion, and that the dead were of a Catholic 
colony. It is well known that Rev. Father St. 
Cyrwas pastor of St. Marj-'s church — State 
and Lake .streets, in Chicago. Possibly he or 
his predecessors may liave visited Little Fort. 

The early Catholic settlers in and around 
Little Fort or Waukegan were attended by 
priests from Chicago. Long before any Cath- 
olic church had been built here. Rev. Maurice 
de St. Palais, Rev. John Gueguen, Rev. P"'ran- 
cis Fisher (all of Vincennes Diocese) freqiient- 
ly started from St. ^Mary's church, Chicago, 
horseback, with saddlebags, and made this cir- 
cuit, halting some days at places which are 
now named Waukegan, Racine, Milwaukee, 
Beloit, Janesville, Rockford, Elgin, Aurora 
and Joliet, and then back to Chicago. R'-v. 
John Gueguen was stationed in Waukegan in 
1848-1844. In -the year 1844 Rt. Rev. Wil- 
liam Quarter became Bishop of Chicago, and 
within a short time after most of the priests 
of the Diocese of Vincennes were recalled by 
their bishop. 



. In 1845 Rev. John Brady replaced Father 
Gueguen. In 1846-47-48 Rev. Bernard Mc- 
Gorish was resident pa.stor of Waukegan (it 
had but one church then) and he labored con- 
stantly, building the present church, and like 
his predecessors attending four other places; 
Meehan settlement, Dwyer settlement, .Mur- 
ray's .settlement and White settlement, or 
Long Lake, sixteen miles west of Little Fort. 
In 1849 Rev. James Kcane was installed as 
pastor of Waukegan and the outposts. About 
the close of 1849 Rev. Henry Coyle became 
pastor of the Waukegan parish. This rev- 
erend pastor worked hard in completing the 
church, building a priests' residence and start- 
ing a Catholic school in a small frame build- 
ing on the property south of the present 
church property. Rev. Michael Donahue 
came to Waukegan as pa.stor in 1859. He 
enlarged the church, moved the little school 
house on to the church property, made an ex- 
tension to this building, installed the Do- 
minican Sisters of Sinsinawa, Wisconsin, as 
teachers in the school, and strove hard for the 
betterment of the parish. In 1872 he resigned 
his place in Waukegan and assumed charge 
of St. Mary's church, Evanston, Illinois. 

The present pastor of the Immaculate Con- 
ception church took the place of Rev. Father 
Donohue. Waukegan has grown to city size 
and consequently the parish has increased in 
numbers and worth. The church has been 
improved and remodeled since the departure 
of Rev. Father Donohue. A large brick eon- 
vent for the Sisters, a new frame house for 
the priest replaces the old one, and an 
eight-room stone and brick modern and well- 
equipped school house has taken the place of 
the little wooden school. The present school 
building compares favorably with any grade 
school in this city, and is not surpassed in 
training and complete instruction by any 
grammar school in Waukegan. The attend- 
ance is 290 children, and is exclusively a free 
school for the parish children. The four 
buildings here mentioned are situated in the 
south part of block 24, lots 5, 6, 7, 8, facing 
County, Water and ITtica Streets. They are 
in the same inclosure near to each other and 
convenient of access. The congregation does 
not seem to grow any less. Though now there 
are five other churches and parishes within a 
short radius of the old church. 

There is no bonded or floating debt on the 
parish, and a new church may be started any 
time it seems fit. A fund of fifteen thousand 
dollars is now in the treasury to be used for 



+ ^ 



^0-0- 



-^-•^ 




I St. Mary's Church. West Chicago, III. 1665 | 




SmzRED Heart, Church, Chicago, III. 1865 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred-five 



; the building of the new church. But this is 
I not tlie time to think of erecting new build- 
ings. Wait until the crisis has passed. 

Transfiguration 
Wauconda, 1841 

The first church, St. John's, a log church 
was built in 1841, in the Catholic cemetery, 
about two miles from Wauconda, and the site 
of the present church. The priests mostly came 
from Chicago to attend it. The mission was 
attended by Fathers Gueguen, Ford, Ed- 

.. wards, Coyle and Prendergast. 

3 The present clnireh was built by Father 
Jeremiah O'Neill in 1875. In 1903 Father 
Stephen Woolfe succeeded Father O'Neill. 
Father Woolfe built the parochial residence. 

In 1910 Father Timothy Burke succeeded 
Father Woolfe, and in 1911 the Rev. T. J. 
Murphy was appointed; - 

St. James — New Strassburg, 1842 

In the thirties of the last century a num- 
ber of Catholic families from Germany and 
Elsace settled en the farms in the southern 
part of Cook County, near the state line, and 
named the settlement New Strassburg. Very 
little is known of the early history of the 
parish. In the beginning some missionaries 
occasionally visited the place, said Mass and 
administered the Sacraments to the people. 
The first Mass, of which there is any record, 
was celebrated in the house of one of the 
farmers in the year 1839. In 1842 several 
acres of land were donated for a church. The 
cemetery was consecrated in 1845. The first 



church was erected in 1853. Until the first 
resident pastor. Rev. Bernard Herderer, was 
appointed in 1855 the little flock was attended 
by missionaries from Notre Dame, Indiana, 
and at times by Rev. Bernard Voors, pa.stor of 
St. John, Indiana. In 1851 and 1852 Rev. 
Nicolas Jung, assistant at old St. Mary's, 
Chicago, had charge of the place, but his 
visits were few. In the year 1853 we find 
Reverends Andrew Schweiger of Joliet, An- 
thony Kopp of St. Jo.seph's, Chicago, and 
Joseph Zocgel of St. Michael's, Chicago, ad- 
mini.stering to the needs of the parish. From 
then on until August, 1855, the pastor of St. 
John, Indiana, and several missionaries, said 
Mass occasionally ?.t the place. Rev. Bernard 
Plcrderer was first resident pastor of the par- 
ish from 1855 to 1856. From here on to 1881 
we find the following pastors : 

Reverends Joseph Rauch, Balthasar Rachor, 
John Mehlmann, Anthony Saeger, M. P. 
AVehrle, F. X. Nigh, Martin Kink, Charles 
Stiessberger, Joseph Abt, Henry Boers, C. G. 
Nicderberger, Francis Antl, Joseph Niebling, 
F. X. Schreiber, Anthony Bueter. 

In the year 1874 the church was struck by 
lightning and destroyed by fire. A new build- 
ing was erected, the same that is used today. 
From 1881 to 1891 the parish was attended 
by the Franciscan fathers from Joliet, namely 
Reverends Eugene Puers, W. Deiters, Anselm 
Puetz, Stephen Scholtz and Pater Maternus. 

From 1891 to 1902 St. James was attended 
by the pastors of Richton. 

Since 1902 the small flock, which now num- 
bers 20 families, is attended regularly from 
St. Liborius church, Steger, as a mission. 



Di-ta for the foregoing chapter has been gathered from diocesan and parish archives and 
from a variety of printed sources. The History of the diocese of Belleville by Frederick Beuck- 
man has been especially valuable as a source of information. Many facts have been gleaned from 
Rev. .4. Zurbonsen's "In Memoriam. a Clerical Bead Roll of the Alton Diocese." The writings of 
Rev. James J. McGovern have furnished much reliable information, hi addition, church calendars. 
Jubilee souvenirs and other parish publications have been used. The files of the .Veiv M^orld, 
Chicago, have also proven valuable sources of in formation. 



^»o- 





Rev. NI O'Brien. 





ISevTV Shannon 




RevAL. (jirard- 




lieu Q.F. Donovan 



\ St. Thomas the Apostle. Church. Chicago, III. 1<565 | 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred-seven 



XVII. 



^pj^ 




IJarisltcs Jfonncb linger 
3^ti^ltt J^citmnth ©illtam (!)uartci% ^. '^, 



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Holy Name — Chicago, 1845 



Tlie University of St. Mary of tlie Lake, 
founded by the Rt. Rev. William Quarter, 
D. D., on the site of the present Cathedral 
block, was the germ of a notable parish, which 
took actual life in 1846. The Colleu:e De- 
partment he established thirty days after his 
arrival in Chicago to take possession of his 
see, which was in 1844. The few Catholics 
freiiuenting: the chapel for Divine services 
were placed under the charge of the priests 
of the university'. A small room was fitted 
up in that building, which for a time amplj- 
served the needs of the congregation assisting 
at Mass on Sundays. 

In 1848 the community had grown, and 
the Very Rev. Jeremiah Kinsella, president 
of the university, began the erection of a 
small church, which, however, was not opened 
for Divine service until November 18, 1850. 
(Catholic Almanac, 1851). The building 
stood on the northeast corner of Wolcott 
Street — now State Street — and Superior 
Street, fronting south. The pastors were 
Rev. William Clowry and Rev. .]. Breen, who 
remained in charge of the parisli of the Holy 
Name until 1855. (Catholic Almanac, 1855). 

In 1852 the building was enlarged, and in 
1853 Catholics of the North Side had become 
so numerous that the Bishop, the Rt. Rev. 
James 0. Van de ^'elde, D. I)., consented to 
the building of a large brick church on the 
southeast corner of Wolcott and Superior 
Streets. The corner stone was laid on Aug- 
ust 3, 1853, "amid a vast concourse of people. 
Protestant as well as Catholic, with all the 
ceremonies usually attendant on such occas- 
ions, by the Rt. Kev. Bishop of the Diocese 
and the Bishop of Pittsburgh, Rt. Rev. 
Michael O'Connor preached the sermon." 
The Rev. Fathers Kinsella, Quarter, Fitz- 
gerald, McElhearne, Lebel, Donohue, Kopp, 
Clowry, Tucker, Feeley, Dunne, McLaughlin, 



Hoey and Brady were the clergymen present 
on the occasion. The dimensions of this 
church Avere 84 feet by 190 feet. The spire 
was over 200 feet high. The material was 
of Milwaukee brick, the style Gothic, with 
windows of stained glass, depicting scenes 
from the Bible. It was completed excepting 
the spire, in the fall of 1855 at an expense 
of $100,000, to which sum the congregation 
contributed with extreme liberality. The 
first Mass was celebrated on Christmas 
Day of that year. The church was opened 
under the Episcopate of Rt. Rev. Anthony 
O'Regan, D. D., who in the latter part of 
1854 came to this diocese. 

The first pastor mentioned in the Catholic 
Directory was Rev. P. .]. McLaughlin, who in 
1856 was succeeded by Rev. JIathew Dillon, 
C. S. C, and Rev. W. Herbert. Following 
these in 1857 was Rev. Michael Lyons, as- 
sisted by Rev. Wm. Edwards, who were con- 
tinued in charge luitil January 21, 1859, when 
shortly after the arrival of Rt. Rev. James 
Duggan, D. D., Rev. Dr. Dennis Dunne was 
appointed pastor, assisted by Rev. John Hig- 
anbotham, Chancellor, and Rev. Wm. Herbert. 
In the Catholic Directory of 1861 the parish 
ciuirch is called the Cathedral of the Holy 
Name. The parish residence was on Cass 
Street. 

In 1859 when the parish of the Immacu- 
late Conception was formed, definite boun- 
daries were given to the parish of the Holy 
Name. Division Street was made the north- 
ern boundary line, reaching from the north 
branch of the Chicago River to Lake Mich- 
igan, which formed the eastern boundary. 
The Chicago River, with its north branch as 
far as Division Street, became the southern 
and western limitations of the parish. Ex- 
cepting a temporary change in the northern 
boundary after Rev. Dr. Butler had been ap- 
pointed to the Immaculate Conception parish. 



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Rev. T.Ed\Nc>rds 



Annunciation Church, Chicago, III. 1666 



Dicmond Jubilee 



Page two hundred-nine 



these territorial lines have always remained 
until the formation of St. Dominic's parish. 

Tn the life of Rev. Dr. MeMiillen it is stated 
that in 1861 Bishop Duggan appointed him 
to take charge of the Cathedral until a regu- 
lar rector should be selected. His assistant 
was Rev. J. P. Roles, to whom he gave over 
the administration of the Chiirch, when in 
February of that year he was appointed presi- 
dent of the University of St. Mary's of the 
Lake. Assisting at this time with Rt. Rev. 
Bishop Duggan, pastor, and Rev. J. P. Roles, 
rector, were Rev. John Magan and Rev. Pat- 
rick Ward. The parochial residence was at 
148 Cass Street. Father Roles occupied this 
position until 1868. His assistants during 
his rectorship were in 1864, Rev. Thomas Mc- 
Givern ; in 1865, Rev. William Walsh, and in 
1866, Rev. Jacob Cote; in 1867, R^v. Fred 
Smyth, vRev. Max Albreeht, Rev. P. M. O'Neil 
and Rev. P. M. Flannigan. 

In 1868 Rev. J. P. Roles was succeeded by 
Rev. Thomas Quigley, who remained in charge 
less than a year, when Rev. Joseph H. Doyle 
was appointed to fill his place. He was as- 
sisted by Rev. M. Stack. 

Schools 

Almost simultaneous with th.- opening of 
the first church, parochial schools were estab- 
lished. In 1852 a free school for boys was 
located on Wolcott Street, south of Superior, 
which was taught by students who in turn 
came for the morning and afternoon sessions 
from the University, until later, a layman, Mr. 
Burns, became for a time the only teacher. 
At this early date we are told by one of it« 
pupils, the school had an attendance of about 
thirty-five or forty children, and was called 
the Boys' Free School of Holy Name Parish. 
It is perhaps worthy of mention that among 
the boys in attendance was a lad who in later 
life became the distinguished prelate. Most 
Rev. John Ireland, D. D. It is related by the 
same contemporary that young Ireland had 
no competitor in his studies, as he was the 
only boy in his class. 

St. James" Free School for Girls was 
opened in 1851 on North Clark Street, be- 
tween Ontario and Ohio Streets, in a frame 
building rented for that purpose. This school 
was taught by three Sisters of Mercy, who 
walked daily from St. Mary's parish on the 
south side of the river, until later a residence 
was found for them in a little building close 
to the school. The Sisters of Mercy continued 
their charge until 1856, when the Holv Cross 



C()7nmuiritics coming to the parisii, the Sisters 
were given the Girls' School. The Holy Cross 
Brothers likewise took over the Free School 
for Boys, and both male and female dejiart- 
meiits at one time were taught in a frame 
building said to be the original frame church, 
whicli had been moved from its former site 
to Wolcott Street, immediately south of the 
new brick edifice, and fitted up for a school. 
The Catholic Directory, 1860, gives the num- 
ber of girls attending the parish free school 
as 250. These same Sisters established a select 
school for girls in their convent building, on 
the southwest corner of Cass Street and Chi- 
cago Avenue, the site of the present Holy 
Name school — known as the Academy of the 
Holy Cross. The same community also inaug- 
urated an industrial school for girls, which 
had an attendance of about twenty pupils. 
We quote also the Catholic Directory of 1859, 
which is authority for the statement that 
about 230 boys were attending the parochial 
school, which doubtless included those of 
a select school in one of the university 
buildings that was in charge of the Brothers 
of the Holy Cross. The Holy Cross Commun- 
ities were recalled by their superiors in 1861, 
and the building hitherto occupied as the 
Girls' Academy of the Holy Cross, and later, 
as the Theological Seminary of St. Mary's of 
the Lake, was finally given over to the boys 
of the parish and placed in the hands of the 
Christian Brothers, who eontinuecl their 
charge until the Chicago fire, of 1871. In 
1870 three hundred boys attended this school. 

The Academy of the Hohj Name 
This institution was opened in 1858 (An- 
dreas History of Chicago) under the Sisters 
of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul. Its pupils 
numbered about 90. In 1861 an old univers- 
ity building was obtained and moved from its 
former location to 295-297 Huron Street, and 
became the girls' parochial school, with an at- 
tendance of 250 children ; the Sisters of Char- 
ity were in charge. In 1S70 tliere was an at- 
tendance of 375 children in this school. 
After the Chicago fire these schools were 
never rebuilt. The Sisters' convent was f)n 
Huron Street, near Cass. 

S^inday Schools 
Sunday schools were always considered an 
important factor in the education of the chil- 
dren of the parish. In its earliest days Sis- 
ters of Mercy came to the North Side to teach 
Sunday classes. They were taugiit in the first 
little church, and later iw the brick edifice by 



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PI 



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ri 



I Immaculate Conception Church, Braidwood, III. ]Q69 \ 




•U 



U 



St Stanislaus Kostka, Church, Chicago, III. 1Q57 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred-eleven 



students of the university; by the Sisters and 
Brothers of the Holy ('nws in their respeetive 
convents and seliools ; by tlie Sisters of Char- 
ity and the Christian Brothers, and always 
by a large staff of lay people, both men and 
women. In the early sixties we are told by 
persons who taught these classes that various 
locations in the parish were chosen, as on 
Market and White Streets, and other import- 
ant centers. Within the memory of the writ- 
er, when an assistant and later, a large attend- 
ance of at least three or four hundred children 
were regularly taught by young men and 
women of the parish in the respective school 
buildings, who gave their Sunday afternoons 
unselfi.shly to the task. A Christian Doctrine 
Association was organized on a monthly con- 
tribution plan, to furnish from this source, 
premiums, presents, literature, Christmas 
trees and picnics to make the catechism classes 
attractive to the ckildren. 

Charitable Institutions 

It cannot be forgotten how much the par- 
ish owes to the charitable institutions that 
have vrrought within its boundaries in their 
respective spheres, and have brought to the 
minds and hearts of men a better understand- 
ing of the practical teachings of the Gospel 
of Jesus Christ. The Sisters of Mercy were 
the pioneers in this work. In 1850 St. Mary's 
Female Orphan Asylum was moved *to the 
North Side within the confines of Holy Name 
parish. It occupied a frame building which 
had been rented, and where they as.sembled 38 
or 40 dependent children who were left in 
their maternal care. These children had been 
deprived of parents mostly by the ravages of 
cholera, and the good Sisters, embarrassed by 
the scantiness of their means, labored hero- 
ically for tile comfort of their wards. Their 
straightened circumstances were, however, 
greatly relieved when in 1852 they moved to 
a brick building erected for them on Wabash 
Avenue. To them also- we owe the location 
in this parish of the first Catholic hospital in 
Chicago in 1851. This institution occupied, 
only temporarily it is true, a part of the 
building known as the Lake House, situated 
north of the river, not far from the site of 
the present Rush Street bridge, and known as 
the General Hospital of the Lake. It was 
under a state charter, and accommodated 
about twenty patients. Its local superior was 
Sister M. Vincent McGirr. It was moved in 
1853 to a brick building on Wabash Avenue, 
and became the nucleus of t-hc largest Catholic 



institution of its kind at [)resent in the City 
of Chicago. 

In 1866 St. Mary's and St. Joseph's Or- 
phan A.sylum was moved to this parish, in 
care of the Sisters of St. Josejjh. It occupied 
one of the University buildings in the present 
Cathedral block and remained there until the 
building was destroyed by the fire when two 
hundred and eight}- children of both sexes 
between the ages of three weeks and eigh- 
teen yeai's were deprived of a comfortable 
home. One of the si.s.tcrs present describes 
as follows the hardships of their thrilling 
experiences on that awful night. 

At one o'clock the waterworks behind 
our property took fire, and even in our owb 
barnyard three loads of hay which had been 
brought in the previous afternoon were 
ablaze. It was high time for us to leave. 
Each sister carried two infants. The larg- 
er boys and girls took charge of the smaller 
ones and we formed a close line of march, 
after receiving strict orders to hold on t9 
cue another. With Mother Mary Joseph in 
the lead we started northward, not knowing 
whereto we were going. Mad rushing peo- 
ple, some jumping through windows to save 
their lives, wierd crj'ing and howling, the 
hurrying of horses and vehicles — the gener- 
al panic made it almost impossible for ws 
to keep together. The greatest difficulty was 
at the street crossings. 

One incident of many is worth relating. 
A team of horses was rushing towards us 
from the right and one from the left. Be- 
cause of the danger of breaking our group 
and consequently of losing some of the chil- 
dren, Mother Mary Joseph boldly stepped 
up before the horses and asked both drivers 
to halt in God's Name. One driver graci- 
ously submitted but the other, roused no 
doubt by the danger of the situation, tried 
to go on. Mother fearlessly stepped up, took 
his horses by the bridle to check tkem while 
he beat and urged them forward. Passersby 
on seeing the thouglitlessness and cruelty 
of the man, tore him from his seat, and gave 
Iiim wluit he .so richly deserved. I can still 
hear Mother saying: "Give it to him but 
don't kill him. he's not worth it." While 
this was going on, we seized our opportun- 
ity vnd got across. Imagine us, trj-ing to 
make our way with burning 'buildiug.s on 
each side of us and plank walks burning at 
intei-vals underneath. Everywhere we could 
see the flames like bi^ serpents or large 
spiral columns crawl around th<' buildings. 



TTg 



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Rev A.F KoiiTHAi-s. 







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I Immaculate Conception Church, Kankakee, III. 1<S65 |- 







JohnWiederliold 



JofinWester 



St. John's Church, Winfield, III. 1657 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred-thirteen 



After traveling in this way until about 
four o'clock in the morning, we found our- 
selves many miles outside the city limits on 
a prairie. Sheer exhaustion compelled us 
to rest, now that we had made a considerable 
advance beyond the fire zone. The sky was 
hot and a lurid red, the sun that morning 
rose like a ball of fire, the ground was 
warm, but notwithstanding, the children 
fell asleep as suon as they found a place to 
lay their tired heads. 

The Sisters of the Good Shepherd were 
brought from St. Louis under the patronage 
of Dr. McMullen, and in 1859 were located on 
Market and Hill Streets, in the Holy Name 
parish. This institution responded well to a 
great moral need in a large eity for the re- 
claim of fallen women; it suffices to say that 
during the period 1859-1885 about 4,000 err- 
ing girls and women were brought under the 
good influence of these exemplary Sisters. In 
1906 they left the parish to locate their home 
at Grace Street and Racine Avenue. 

The House of Providence was opened by 
the Sisters of Charity in December, 1867. 
The purpose of its organization was to affil- 
iate with a lay confraternity of women, whose 
duties would be to visit with the Sisters, the 
poor and sick of the parish. Four Sisters 
were in charge of the work. Here again the 
little primary frame church seems to have 
sei-ved a useful purpose in this, that having 
been occupied as a school, it was, we are told, 
under the rectorship of Rev. J. P. Roles, 
moved to 301 Huron Street, to become the 
House of Providence and continued as such 
until its destruction by the fire. 

St. Vincent's Infant Asylum and Matern- 
ity Hospital is conducted by the Sisters of 
Charity of St. Vincent de Paul. The Sisters 
of Charity, known as the White Coronets, 
have long been identified with Holy Name par- 
ish. They taught its schools as early as 1861, 
and in the pestilential times of early city life, 
they accepted opportunity to visit the cholera 
stricken homes of sickness and death. When 
their kindly ministrations could no longer 
relieve the sufferings of unthwarted death, 
they would often wrap a child in their arms 
and endeavor to fill the void left by want of a 
mother's care, by taking a mother's place. 
No wonder then that memory's grateful tri- 
bute of praise is given now and again by an 
older parishioner when he recalls the im- 
pressions of those early days. Their same 
charitable work continues, at least in a corre- 
lative sense, for in their Foundlings' Home 



they are still giving a mother's place to the 
hapless child, who may not be an orphan in 
fact, but is virtually such by the cruel fate 
of a mother's voluntary abandonment. St. 
Vincent's Asylum was opened July 29, 1881, 
on the property where it now stands on the 
southeast corner of La Salle avenue and Su- 
perior Street. Since its foundation it has 
sheltered more than 32,000 children. 

St. Elizabeth 's Day Nursery had its origin 
in this parish, and was organized by the Cath- 
olic Women's League. It was opened on 
August 23, 1893, in order to provide a nurs- 
ery where children could be cared for during 
the day, while their mothers were obliged to 
work. As equipment, it has a dispensary, 
kindergarten, kitchen-garden and sewing 
room for older children. Its location is 906 
North Franklin Street. 

On October 29, 1870, Rt. Rev. Thomas 
Foley, D. D., then ordinary of the diocese, 
appointed Rev. John McMullen, D. D., rector 
of the Cathedral. His assistants were Rev. 
P. M. Flannigan and Rev. Joseph McMahon. 
They occupied the parochial residence at 148 
Cass Street. The Reverend rector at once 
occupied himself with the needs of the parish, 
and the year immediately preceding that of 
the Chicago fire became a busy one for the 
priests of the Cathedral. A complete census 
was taken which showed a Catholic population 
of 2,300 families. He renovated the church 
and made improvements to the extent of 
$19,000. Parish activities that promised well 
for the uplift of religion in this locality were 
thus awakened, with no knowledge of the ter- 
rible disaster that soon would cast a blight 
upon the hopeful prospects of the people. 

In October, 1871, occurred the awful con- 
flagration which devastated the greater part 
of Chicago and reduced to ashes the entire 
parish of the Holy Name. The following is 
taken from the Life of Bishop McMullen : " On 
Sunday, October 9, 1871, Dr. McMullen was 
visiting a friend ofl the South Side, Mr. Philip 
Conley. Late in the night a loud uproar was 
heard on the streets, and looking out, he was 
horrified to observe the whole field of vision 
illuminated by a conflagration that every mo- 
ment seemed to grow in intensity. The streets 
were thronged with hurrying crowds of peo- 
ple — men, women and children, all bending 
their eager steps northward. 'I started on a 
run with the others, ' says the doctor, ' and by 
the time we reached the State Street bridge it 
was burning.' The unfinished spire of the 
Cathedral had caught fire by the time he 



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St. Mary's Church, Joliet, III. I66S' 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two huiidred-fifteen 



reat:hed the sacred edifice, and he had-searce- 
ly time to remove the Blessed Saerament ere 
the whole building: was in flames." 

Immediately out of the ashes rose a tem- 
porary structure, known as the "Shanty Ca- 
thedral," on the corner of Cass and Superior 
Street's. This rude structure barely sufficed 
to meet the needs of the congreg'ation during 
the four years that intervened until the con- 
struction of the new building. 

It was a winter of great privation for 
every family in the parish, and we are told 
that the reverend rector and his assistants oc- 
(Jupied rooms fitted up at one end of the tem- 
porary church until in 1872 a residence was 
obtained in a new, rented building at 266 
Superior Street, and later, on the corner of 
Chicago Avenue and State Street. The as- 
sistant pastors between 1871 and 1875 in- 
clusive were : Rev. Edward Guerin, Rev. P. 
M. Flannigan. Rev. Edward Gavin, Rev. Fran- 
cis O'Connor, Rev. W. B. Campbell, Rev. P. 
A. L. Egan and Rev. T. P. Butler, D. D. 

"The "Shanty Cathedral" temporarily 
occupied was crowded to suffocation, but 
everjrthing went on with a regularity which 
satisfied the most exacting. The rector and 
his assistants were the last to go into a com- 
fortable home. No time was lost in prepar- 
ing to rebuild the Cathedral, and Rev. J. P. 
Roles and Rev. Patrick Riordan went as far 
as San Francisco to secure aid. While Bishop 
Foley during this time of trial kept a firm 
hand on the rudder, it was Dr. McMullen who 
carried out with that accomplished architect, 
P. C. Keeley, the ecclesiastical idea of a Ca- 
thedral." 

The cornerstone of the present Cathedral 
was laid by Rt. Rev. Thomas Foley in 1874, 
the well-known Father Damen, S. J., preached 
the sermoH on that occasion, and the structiire 
was soon an accomplished fact. The building 
is of Gothic architecture, and is built of Le- 
mont limestone. It was originally 218 feet 
in length, b\;t in 1914, by the enlargement of 
the sanctuary, the length of the building was 
increased to 233 feet. The width of the nave 
is 80 feet ; that of the transept 112 feet. The 
spire is 210 feet high, surmounted by a gilded 
cross. It was completed in 1875 and opened 
November 1st ; the dedicatory sermon was 
preached by Rt. Rev. P. J. Ryan, D. D., of 
St. Louis, later Archbishop of Philadelphia. 
It was a notable day for the Catholics of Chi- 
cago, and of special interest to the people of 
Cathedral parish. This beautiful edifice occu- 
pies the northeast corner of State and Super- 



ior Streets, the site of tlie original Holy Name 
church, erected in 1850. 

The parish seems now to have passed 
through a period that was barren of parochial 
and other Catholic schools. The need of such 
institutions had been keenly felt, but there 
seemed no alternative other than to hold in 
abeyance the building of schools until after 
the church would have been finished. To this 
task the reverend rector, with his usual en- 
ergy, now applied himself, and soon a large 
elementary school was erected for the children 
of the parish, on the southwest corner of Chi- 
cago Avenue and Cass Street, and in 1878 the 
Ladies of the Sacred Heart were installed as 
teachers. The.y also had erected at this time 
a convent and academy on the corner of the 
same block directly west of the school. In the 
parochial building the Sisters taught both 
boys and girls until 1883 when a male school 
was opened. The Ladies of the Sacred Heart 
continued in charge of the girls' department 
however, until their departure from the par- 
ish in 1904. This school had an average year- 
ly attendance of about 600 pupils. 

In 1876 the people of the parish consid- 
ered themselves especially favored by the 
abiding pi'esence in their midst of their Rt. 
Rev. Bishop, who with his chancellor had 
moved from St. Mary's parish, and had .taken 
up his residence at 278 Ohio Street. Through 
the opportunity thus given him he identified 
himself more closely with the Church, and 
thenceforth his name was found at the head 
of the pastoral roll of the Holy Name Cathed- 
ral, reading as follows : Rt. Rev. Thomas 
Foley, D. D., pastor; Rev. John McMullen, 
D. D., rector ; Rev. D. J. Riordan, chancellor ; 
Rev. P. A. L. Egan and Rev. D. M. J. Bowling.- 

From this on he took a more active part 
in the spiritual functions of the Cathed- 
ral, and it is said of him that he heard con- 
fessions regularly on Saturday afternoons 
when circumstances would permit. The above 
named assistant pastors were still stationed at 
the Cathedral during 1877 and 1878, when 
Rev. J. J. Delaney and in 1879 Rev. M. Welby 
also assisted. 

In 1877 he appointed the rector. Rev. John 
McMullen, D. D., his vicar-general, an ap- 
pointment which was received with universal 
favor among the parishioners. 

Bishop Foley died in February, 1879. His 
death was perhaps most keenly felt in this 
locality, where the people had learned to love 
him. On the morning of his obsequies the 
Cathedral was crowded and tiie heart throbs 



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Nativity Church, Chicago, III. 1666 






R<i>/.S. M'Donald 



:0mk , ; 

^ It r 



R<iv.T.J Ha-f/ey 



Rev. EN. Gd/le<^her 




St. Margaret's Church, Chicago, III. 1(374 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred-seventeen 



of a great congregation responded approv- 
ingly to the eloquent tribute given to the vir- 
tues of the deceased by His Grace, Archbishop 
Ryan of Philadelphia. 

The very reverend rector then assumed 
the responsibilities of administrator of the 
diocese, which appointment he received from 
the bishop before his death. 

Faith had grown in this garden city of 
the west like the mustard seed of the Gospel, 
until it became recognized by Roman auth- 
ority as one of the great centers of Catholic 
population. In 1880 much general interest 
was aroused by the gratifying intelligence 
that the Holy Father had raised the diocese 
to the dignity of an Archiepiscopal see. Rt. 
Rev. P. A. Feehan, D. D., of Nashville was 
chosen for the first archbishop, and his in- 
stallation in the Holy Name Cathedral on the 
28th of November was made an enthusiastic 
occasion by the great multitude of clergy and 
lay people, and the magnificent ceremonial of 
the day. Rt. Rev. Bishop Dwenger, D. D., of 
the Diocese of Fort Wayne pontificated, and 
after the Gospel, Archbishop Feehan ascend- 
ing the pulpit preached an impressive sermon. 
It was the opening of a new era in the Church 
of Chicago, and without doubt was the be- 
ginning of a greater prosperity in the con- 
gregational life of the parish. 

Archbishop Feehan appointed the Very 
Rev. Rector John McMullen vicar-general of 
the diocese, to which office and to the parish he 
gave his divided attention until his own ap- 
pointment to the See of Davenport. This 
took place in May, 1881. Rev. D. J. Riordan 
became his chancellor. 

Events came in rapid succession in the 
Cathedral, with all of which the parish had 
beep more or less identified. The appoint- 
ment and consecration of Dr. McMullen awak- 
ened a conflict of feeling in the hearts of his 
parishioners. Thej' rejoiced in the honor 
which was now his, but were saddened by the 
separation at hand from one who had labored 
so long for their welfare in the highest ideals 
of his ministry. His consecration in the Ca- 
thedral by Archbishop Feehan was everything 
that the love of his people and the esteem of 
the clergy of the diocese could make it, with 
a large presence of his lay friends and 
of members of hierarchy. The testimonials 
that followed were in unstinted measure a 
proof that their old pastor would live for 
many j'ears in the hearts of the people of 
Holy Name parish. 

Following the departure of the Rt. Rev. 



Bishop for his diocese Rev. P. J. Conway of 
St. Patrick's church, Chicago, was chosen to 
fill his place. The archbishop appointed him 
vicar-general and rector of the Cathedral in 
November, 1881. At this time the parochial 
residence was at 306 Chicago Avenue. The 
roll of Cathedral clergy was now as fol- 
lows; Most Rev. P. A. Feehan, D. D., pas- 
tor; Very Rev. P. J. Conway, rector; Rev. 
John Carroll, Rev. Michael McLaughlin, Rev. 
P. D. Gill, and as chancellor. Rev. D. M. J. 
Dowling. In 1882 Rev. M. J. FitzSimmons 
also was appointed. The very reverend rector 
lost no time in completing a fine parochial 
residence on the corner of Cass and Superior 
Streets, which his predecessor had begun to 
erect, but could not finish before his depar- 
ture from the parish. It was occupied in the 
summer of 1882. The chancery office had its 
apartments in this building for many years. 
In 1882 Father Conway purchased ground 
and erected a three-story brick building for 
a boys' school at 79 Sedgwick Street. It was 
opened the following year with a large attend- 
ance of boys, who leaving the school at the 
Cathedral were placed under the clerics of St. 
Viateur from St. Viateur's College, Bour- 
bonnais Grove, 111. Many of the Brothers 
who taught there have since become priests, 
and have risen to a place of distinction in the 
annals of their community. The school ac- 
commodated about 600 pupils, and for a while 
solved the problem of segregating the sexes 
in the parochial school system of the parish. 

Church Societies 

The Young Ladies ' Sodality was organized 
by the Rev. John McMullen, D. D., and is 
still in existence. There was for many years 
a junior sodality for girls, which was an in- 
termediate society between the Young Ladies' 
and the Children's Sodality of the Holy 
Angels. This latter and the St. Aloysius 
Sodality are for enrollment of the children 
who have received their First Holy Com- 
munion and have been Confirmed. 

The Holy Family Sodality, known also as 
the Married Ladies' Sodality, has had parish 
existence since 1882. It is under the special 
patronage of the Holy Family of Nazareth, to 
whose honor it is solemnly dedicated. Its 
meetings are semi-monthly, and the members 
receive Holy Communion in a body on the 
first Sunday of January, April, July and 
October. It has a sewing society, the members 
of which meet once a week to make garments 
for the poor, especially for destitute children, 



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St. John Nep. Church, Chicago, III. ]Q70 




St. Patrick's^Church, Momence, III. 1Q67 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred-nineteen 



many of whom have tluis been provided with 
comfortable garments and shoes necessary for 
' tteir attendance at school. In recognition 
of its charitable work the wealthier ladies 
of the parisii have regularly sent donations 
of materials for its sewing. A vast, amount 
of good has been done with strictest secrecy 
observed, that the recipient of the charity 
may not be known to the other children of the 
school. Their work has been a blessing to 
the parish. 

There was also a Men's Sodality of the 
Holy Family, which for a time had a fairly 
successful existence, but was discontinued 
later, on account of apparent impossibility 
to maintain a membership. 

A St. Vincent de Paul Society has, from 
a very early day, ministered to the wants of 
the poor, with a zeal and discretion indicative 
of the purest motives of Charity. _ It still ex- 
ists and functions in the spirit of its charit- 
able founder. It has done an incalculable 
amount of good during the many years of its 
existence. 

The Holy Name Society is a flourishing er- 
ganization of men which, as its name signifies, 
has for its end the honor and glory of our 
Lord's name. Its membership is increasing, 
which speaks well for the good spirit that 
actuates the men of the parish. 

The Rosary Society is a parish confratern- 
ity eanonically established. It has a large 
membership and meets for devotion on the 
first Sunday of every month. The plenary 
Indulgence "Toties Quoties" is connected 
with this confraternity, and may be gained 
for every visit made to the Cathedral on the 
first Sunday in October, certain conditions 
for gaining the indulgence having been ful- 
filled by the person. 

A Sanctuarj^ Society was organized about 
three years ago. It has an enthiisiastic mem- 
bership, and is much interested in achieving 
the aim for which it was instituted : to furn- 
ish everj'thing necessary for the altar of the 
Blessed Sacrament and for the Holy Sacrifice 
of the Mass. 

The Archconfraternity for the suffering 
souls is* a regularly established society indul- 
genced by the Holy Father, and is a large 
organization, which has certified privileges 
that may, through its membership, be obtained 
for the souls in purgatory. The Holy Sacri- 
fice of the Mass is offered once a week for the 
intentions of its members. 

The Christian Doctrine Association has 
already been mentioned in connection with the 



Sunday school. It is given a place here among 
the societies. Its object is to furnish for hon- 
orable distinction premiums to the classes, 
and books for the poorer children of the 
school. For many years its members taught 
classes in the Sunday school. It has an active 
and honorary membership, and is still inter- 
ested in the moral uplift of the children. 

There are a number of other societies which 
are beneficiary rather than 'parochial, but 
from a spiritual point of view, are a help for 
the observance of the rules of the Church, 
because of the annual Communion of their 
members. 

Meantime the prestige of the Cathedral 
grew, and it became a popular center of Di- 
vine worship, especially at the late Mass, when 
the archbishop was frequently present, and 
duriag the winter season occupied the pulpit 
on the first Sunday of every month. The 
principal pews were regularly filled by 
many of the wealthier people of the city, who 
preferred a residence in the parish, or on 
lea\'ing it, would retain their pews, refusing 
to sever their identity with the Cathedral 
Church. This became embarrassing to all 
concerned, especially at times of sickness in 
the administration of the sacraments, or in the 
performance of funeral rites, if death should 
occur in the family. The difficulty was of 
frequent occurrence as years passed, but was 
finally settled in 1901, when Archbishop Fee- 
han on the appointment of Eev. Thomas P. 
Hodnett to the parish of the Immaculate Con- 
ception, decided that families moving out of 
the parish, but retaining their pew, would be 
officially recognized as parishioners of the 
Holy Name in unlimited possession of all 
parochial privileges. He caused a record to 
that effect to be placed in the archives of the 
diocese. 

A census of the parish was taken in 1883- 
8.4, which gave a Catholic pojftilation of 2,700 
families. The personnel of the parish staff 
in 1882 included for a brief period. Father 
Hodnett and Father Galligan. Other changes 
in this and the succeeding year brought 
t® the parish Rev. P. J. McDonald, 
Rev. J. J. Darcy, Rev. J. A. Kinsella, 
Rev. P. J. Agnew, Rev. F. S. Henne- 
berry and made Rev. P. D. Gill chancellor. 
In 1884 Rev. P. O'Brien was located here for 
a short time. Rev. B. P. Murray became 
chancellor, and Rev. F. N. Perry was added 
to the staff. In 1886 Rev. M. "Welby assisted 
for a brief period in parish work. Rev. N. J. 
Moonej' became a regular parish assistant in 



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Notre Dame Church, Chicago, III. 1657 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred twenty-one 



1887, and in Mar. of that year Rev. M. J. Fitz- 
Simmons was appointed chancellor. 

October 28, 1887, Rt. Rev. Maurice Burke, 
D. D., of St. Mary's Church, Joliet, the first 
Bishop of Cheyenne, was consecrated by 
Archbishop Feehaii in the Cathedral of the 
Holy Name. 

The first synod of the archdiocese was held 
under Archbishop Fechan on December 13, 
1887, in the Cathedral of the Holy Name and 
was attended -by all the pastors of the arch- 
diocese. The object was principally the pro- 
mulgation in the diocese of the decrees of the 
Third Plenary Covincil of Baltimore ; Pontif- 
ical High Mass was eelebrated by the Most 
Rev. Archbiskop, after which the synod con- 
vened for deliberation. The officers were His 
Graee, the Archbishop, presiding; assisted by 
Very Rev. P. J. Conwaj', V.-G., promoter; 
Rev. M. J. FitzSimmons, secretary ; Rev. E. J. 
Dunne and Rev. T. F. Galligan, procurators ; 
Rev. T. F. Galligan and Rev. W. De la Porte, 
lectors, and Rev. P. J. Agnew, master of cere- 
monies. 

The rectorship of Father Conway termin- 
ated with death July 1, 1888, and on the 5th 
of the same mo«th Father FitzSimmons suc- 
ceeded him as rector of the Cathedral. His 
administration has continued to the present 
time. 

Changes among the curates during this 
time and the succeeding years secured for the 
Cathedral the services of the following priests : 
Rev. James M. Scanlan, Rev. J. P. Dore, Rev. 
P. A. McLaughlin, Rev. John Finn, Rev. Geo. 
J. Blatter (temporarily), and Rev. P. J. Mul- 
doon, chancellor. 

The heating apparatKs of the church being 
inadequate, at the request of His Graee, a 
better system of radiation was installed, pro- 
viding thereafter a well-heated building. The 
church building was much in need of repairs 
also, but the undertaking was held in abey- 
ance until the fall of 1890, when work of reno- 
vation on a somewhat extraordinary scale was 
begun. Investigation disclosed that a weak 
foundation under tower and nave had gradu- 
ally led to a disintegration of the walls and 
settling of the tower, dragging the south wall 
out of line: Buttresses were taken down, re- 
built and pinnacled with turrets of stone re- 
placing those originally built of wood incased 
in galvanized iron. Straightening the win- 
dows, bracing the steeple and building a com- 
plete new stone clearstory — a task, which was 
intended .to he a repair, became practically a 
reconstruction of the church. The work was 



plvced under tiic supervision of Mr. P. C. 
Keeley of Brooklyn, N. Y., who had drawn the 
original plans for the edifice. The local arch- 
itects were Messrs. Willet and Pa.shley. De- 
scription of the happy result of this under- 
taking is best taken from the pen of the well- 
known critic of religions art, the late Eliza 
Allen Starr: 

"On the interior the wooden pillars gave 
place to clustered pillars of beautifully tinted 
and veined marble; the wainscoting, including 
vestibule and s.-.cristy, also, was of effectively 
arranged variegated marbles ; the pavement of 
the sanctuary was laid in tesselated marble; 
the sacristies in mixed mosaic work — no pat- 
tern ; the sanctuary railing in marble with 
short pillars, closely set in clouded alaba-ster, 
while the three gates were of wrought brass. 
On the four pillars which sustained the cor- 
ners of the tr.v. -sept were placed the four Lat- 
in Doctors — St. Gregory v.-ith his Tiara, St. 
Aiabrose and St. Augustine with their mitres, 
St. Jerome witi-. his in-ignia as Cardinal — 
while all are to be recognized as active teach- 
ers of the Divine word by their attitudes, full 
of fervor and graceful in pose. The archi- 
trave above the pillars gives a story of Chris- 
tianity as told in the Gospels, in frescoes, 
which are, in themselves, an education to the 
youth of the parish, as well as to the entire 
congregation ; while over tke confessionals are 
very significant groups, also in color. 

"Above all these decorations rises the ceil- 
ing, with an elaborated paneling, which re- 
minds one of that we see in Rome in the great 
basilicas ; but those present a flat surface for 
their intricate decoration, while here the in- 
tricacies are immeasurably increased by the 
necessities of the arch, yet overcome in a way 
to please the eye while enriching every inch 
of space — literally, not a hand's breadth left 
unadorned. From these dart forth electric 
lights beyond numbering, bringing out all the 
beauties of an interior, which, whether in light 
or shade, at earliest dawn in winter, or the 
twilight of a summer evening, never fails to 
delight the eye ; and yet, not all the other 
electric lights toget'.er give the sudden joy, 
the uplift of adoration which comes with the 
illuminating, at one in.stant, of the sanctuary 
around the altar and the tabernacle, either 
at the consecration of the Sacred Host, or its 
uplifting at the benediction of the Blessed 
Sacrament. "Light then seems to have been 
born to adore Him who said: 'Let there be 
light, and there was light.' 



+ ^ 



■^-O" 



^ + 





Aev. J. D. Liebre/ch 



St. Joseph's Church. Lockrort. III. 156(3 | 





R<2\/. G.L.5chark 



^i 



St. Peter's Church, Volo. III. 1866 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred twenty-three 



Years liad worn slowly away while this 
work was in .prof>;ress, and every one had 
grown impatient with the seaftoldings — every 
one hut the rector — hut wiien, on the ITth of 
December, 1893, the whole beauty and ex- 
tent of the renovations were seen at once, 
there was no longer any thought of the years 
of waiting. It was pronounced a veritable 
"transfiguration," and a feeling of intense 
satisfaction pervaded the parish of the Holy 
Name, all the more, that this was known to be 
a strictly parish work — cost $260,000 — not 
one dime having been called for from the 
coffers of the diocese." "As to His Grace, 
the Archbishop, he had left the whole re- 
sponsibility with the rector. Father FitzSim- 
mons, and his confidence, accompanied as it 
had been throughout bj' the encouraging word 
and smile and the assurance that nothing 
ought to be spared for the perfection of the 
undertaking, was net, most certainlj', disap- 
pointed. It was a joyful epoch in the history 
of the Cathedral of the Holj' Name ; while, 
year by j'ear, additional ornamentations, like 
the grand stations, supplement the work, to 
show tkat nothing will be withheld to make 
the Holy Name worthy of its dignity as the 
Cathedral of the Diocese of Chicago." 

Right Rev. James Duggan, D. D., the 
fourth bishop in the See of Chicago, died in 
St. Louis, Sunday, March 26th, 1899. His 
remains were brought to this city bj' a priest 
of the pari.sh and his obsequies took place in 
the Cathedral the following Wednesday, 
which was in Holy Week. Solemn High Mass of 
. Requiem was celebrated by the Rector, Rev. 
M. J. FitzSimmons, assi.sted by Rev. F. M. 
O'Brien, deacon and Rev. F. J. Barry, sub- 
deacon. Most Rev. P. A. Feehan, D. D., was 
present and gave the absolutions after Mass. 
The deacons of honor were Rev. Thomas 
Burke of St. Columbkill's and Rev. Peter 
Fischer of St. Anthony's church. Rev. N. 
J. .^looney, chancellor was master of cere- 
monies. Right Rev. A. . J. McGaviek, aux- 
illarj' bishop elect, preached the funeral ser- 
mon. A large congregation was present, 
some of whom had known the bishop per- 
sonally and admired him for his rare qiiali- 
\ ties of mind and heart. 

In 1899 the Cathedral parish celebrated its 
Golden Jubilee. In Jinie, 1900, the office of 
vicar-general of the archdiocese being left 
vacant by the death of Very Rev. D. ?.T. J. 
Dowling of St. Bridget's church. Father Fitz- 
Simmons, rector of the Cathedral, was ap- 
pointed to succeed him by His Grace, Arch- 



bishop Feehan. Meantime the i)ersoinicl of the 
parish asssistant priests had again changed, 
Father Mooney having become chancellor, 
succeeding Rev. P. J. Muldoon, and still later 
the office of chancellor going to another cur- 
ate of the Cathedral, Rev. F. J. Barry. Later 
vacancies in the staff of parish assistants were 
filled by Rev. John Fenlon, Rev. F. M. 
O'Brien, Rev. J. J. Code, Rev. D. L. McDon- 
ald, Rev. George T. MeCartliyi Priests tem- 
porarily located and assisting at the Cathed- 
ral between 1900-1907 were : Rev. M. J. Fen- 
nessy. Rev. C. E. Cavanaugh, Rev. James F. 
Clancy, Rev. Joseph C. Occiiasek, and Rev. 
Thomas Smith, Rev. J. Kranjic, Rev. J. 
Bja-nes, Rev. J. A. Ryan and Rev. P. O'Dwyer. 

^oteworth}' events participated in by- the 
Cathedral Cliuroh about this period were the 
consecration on May 1, 1899, of Rt. Rev. A. J. 
McGaviek, D. D., of St. John's church, as 
Bishop Auxiliary to Archbishop Feehan, and 
on July 25th, 1901 of Rt. Rev. P. J. Muldoon 
D. D. of St. Charles parish, formerly chancel- 
lor of the diocese, also as auxiliary bishop, ow- 
ing to the failing health of the former. 

The atmosphere of joy that prevailed on 
the congratulatory occasions of these conse- 
crations and oil the return of tranquility 
which ensued after the trouble that for a 
time disturbed the diocese, was soon turned 
into clouds of sorrow, which overhung the 
city and shrouded the Cathedral in mourn- 
ing on the occasion of the obsequies of the 
Most Rev. P.. A. Feehan, D. D., who died 
July 12, 1902. It was the death of Chicago's 
first arclibishop, a man of superior person- 
ality, of erudite training, of the highest 
ideals of his calling, a father and fri'jnd to 
all, especially to the helpless and dependent 
of his flock. He was succeeded in the Epis- 
copacy by the Rt. Rev. James Edward Quig- 
ley, D. D., Bishop of Buft'alo, whose installa- 
tion in the Ploly Name Cathedral on the eve- 
ning of March 10, 1903, was impressive be- 
cause of its lack of display other than that 
given by thi'ongs of clergy and people, and 
the simple dignity of the quiet ceremonial 
peculiar to this occasion. A characteristic 
feature was the announcement of the appoint- 
ment of Rt. Rev. P. J. Muldoon, D. D., as 
vicar-general of the diocese. 

The chancery deiiartment in the ]>arochial 
residence was found inadequate for the grow- 
ing business of the Archdiocese, and in 1904 
Archbishop Quiglcy erected the present chanc- 
ery building at 740 Cass'Stivet, adjuining the 
parish residence. In the same year His (^rac'e 



^P-O- 





Rev. B. WQsfdrp /f9r. F.Schild(^en 




I - St. Alphonsus' Church, Lemont, III. 1667 




i^ev. A S. Gor^ki 





St. Stephen's Church, Chicago, III. 1669 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred twenty- five 



divided the parish, assigning that portion west 
of Franklin Street from Erie to Division 
Streets, to the new parish, thereafter known 
as St. Dominie's. In this division the boys' 
school at 79 Sedgwick Street became the prop- 
erty of the new-formed parish. This change 
necessitated the establishment of a co-educa- 
tional system in the Holy Name school, at 
Cass Street and Chicago Avenue. At this 
juncture the Ladies of tlie Sacred Heart sev- 
ered their connection with the parish, and 
their academy building at Chicago Avenue 
and State Street was bought by the reverend 
rector to be occupied as a convent and school 
by the Sisters of Charity of the Blessed Vir- 
gin Mary, who assummed control of the paro- 
chial school. A high school and business 
college for girls was added to the parochial 
system a year later. The parish is justly 
proud of its school system, which, in effi- 
ciency, is second to none of its kind in Chi- 
cago, and the fullest allowance of credit 
must be given to the Community of Sisters 
in charge. 

The entire block now being under paroch- 
ial jurisdiction it was found advisable to econ- 
omize a heating system into one central plant, 
providing adequate facilities for obtaining 
satisfactory results. The new building erected 
for the purpose, centrally located between 
church and school, gave also opportunity for 
an assembly hall and rehearsal rooms for the 
choir. Minor improvements essential to the 
character and upkeep of the Cathedral block 
were made as required. 

On the 14th of December, 1905, the Third 
Chicago Diocesan Synod (second of the arch- 
diocese) was held in the Cathedral of the Holy 
Name. After celebrating Solemn Pontifical 
Mass, His Grace, Archbishop Quigley con- 
vened the Synod. All the pastors of the arch- 
diocese were present. The acts of the Third 
Plenary Council of Baltimore were again 
promulgated, and legislation of a local char- 
acter was enacted. His Grace, the Most Rev. 
James Edward Quigley, D. D., presided; 
Very Rev. M. J. FitzSimmons was the pro- 
moter, and Rev. A. Mueller, J. C. D., was 
the secretary. A long list of officials fol- 
lowed, too numerous to be mentioned here. 

The establishment of a diocesan prepara- 
tory college by His Grace, Archbishop Quig- 
ley, while not parochial in its character, be- 
came intimately associated with Holy Name 
parish affairs. The professors were made by 
residence, a part of the parish household, and 
assistants in parish work. In authority at 



Holy Name parish during this Episcopate 
were : Most Rev. James Edward Quigley, D. 
D., pastor; Very Rev. M.J. FitzSimmons, rec- 
tor; Rev. F. M. O'Brien, Rev. J. J. Code, Rev. 
D. L. McDonald, Rev. George T. McCarthy 
Rev. T. E. Cox, Rev. J. E. Phelan, and 
Rev. F. J. Barry, chancellor, succeeded by 
Rev. Edmund M. Dunne, D. D., who was 
also made vicar-general of the diocese. This 
number was increased in 1905 by the fac- 
ulty of Cathedral College as follows: Very 
Rev. F. A. Purcell, D. D. ; Rev. D. J. Dunne, 
D. D.; Rev. A. J. Wolfgarten, D. D.; Rev. 
Thomas Walsh ; Rev. Thomas Gaffney, D. D. ; 
Rev. A. H. Lohmann ; Rev. E.' F. Hoban, D. 
D. ; Rev. "William 'Shea, Rev. Vincent Brum- 
mer. Rev. Herman Wolf, Rev. Christian 
Rempe. 

Two events worthy of note occurring in 
Holy Name Cathedral during this period were 
in 1908, the consecration of Rt. Rev. Paul 
Rhode, auxiliary bishop for the Poles of this 
diocese, and in 1909, that of Rt. Rev. Edmund 
Dunne, D. D., V.-G., to fill the see of Peoria, 
made vacant by the retirement of Bishop 
Spalding. It was at this time that Father 
FitzSimmons, rector of the Cathedral, was 
again appointed vicar-general, and Rev. Ed- 
ward F. Hoban, D. D., was made chancellor. 

Various important occasions made appar- 
ent the need of a larger sanctuary, which had 
forced itself on the attention of the Most Rev. 
Archbishop since his first coming to Chicago. 
The opportunity was strongly suggested by 
the necessity of redecorating the Cathedral, 
which was now under consideration. A task 
that at first seemed impracticable, was later 
considered feasible by the genius of Mr. Henry 
J. Schlacks, architect, and was carried out. It 
provided for a remarkable project of en- 
gineering, consisting of cutting through and 
moving back about 15 feet, a section of the 
sanctuary otherwise kept intact, and rebuild- 
ing the interspace in harmony with the older 
part of the building. In addition vestibules 
were removed extending the sanctuary to the 
full width of the transept walls, providing 
space for two new altars and giving a 
beautiful side chapel effect. The new sup- 
porting columns, ceiling and all retails were 
finished in perfect accord with the remainder 
of the building. A new foundation was 
placed under the tower, a baptistry built 
and the entire building redecorated, the total 
cost of the improvement being $142,700. The 
expense of these improvements was sustained 
by the parish. The success of the undertak- 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred twenty-seven 



ing was very gratifying to His Grace, the 
Archibishop, who pronounced it without 
doubt, the most beautiful sanctuary -in the 
United States, and tlie most serviceable from 
every point of view. 

As, however, in human experience gener- 
allj', disappointment frequently follows in the 
wake of triumph, so here, it is sad to relate 
that the first notable ceremony in the new 
sanctuary was the funeral of the Most Rev. 
Archbishop himself, wko died July 10, 1915, 
and was buried from the Cathedral a few days 
later. Thus again, the Cathedral with arch 
and pillar draped in solemn mourning, lent 
itself sorrowfully to the grief that was every- 
where felt by priests and people, for the un- 
timely ending of the noble life of one who had 
devoted himself so unselfishly to the duties of 
his calling. Those who knew him best loved 
him most. Among the multitude of the clergy 
and the members of tl-.e hierarchy that 
thronged the sanctuary, was His Excellency, 
The Most Reverend John Bonzano, D. D., the 
Apostolic Delegate, who was celebrant of the 
Mass. Archbishop Hanna of San Francisco 
preached the funeral oration. 

In the fall of 1915 word was received from 
Rome that Very Rev. M. J. FitzSimmous, who 
was the administrator of the diocese pending 
the appointment of a new archbishop, had 
been made a member of the Papal household, 
with the title "Protonotary Apostolic ad in- 
star Participantium." The recipieat of this 
honor was accorded the rare privilege of re- 
ceiving his investiture in the Holy Name Ca- 
thedral in the presence of his congregation on 
December 8, 1915, at the hands of His Ex- 
cellency, The Most Rev. John Bonzano, D. D., 
Archbishop and Apostolic Delegate, who 
kindly came from Washington for this oc- 
casion. 

Holy Name parish and all Catholic Chi- 
cago became astir with interest on receiving 
the welcome intelligence that the vacant see 
of the Archdiocese had been filled by the ap- 
pointment of the Rt. Rev. George W. Munde- 
lein, D. D., Auxiliary Bishop of Brooklyn. 
His installation, which took place in the Ca- 
thedral on February 9, 1916, was a brilliant 
occasion. The clergy of the whole archdiocese 
forming a background for prelates and digni- 
taries from country wide, including His Ex- 
cellency, the Apostolic Delegate, who pontifi- 
cated, made an impressive scene, seldom if 
ever witnessed within the Ghamsel rail of the 
Cathedral. An imposing ceremonial, digni- 
fied by the highest ecclesiastical formality, 



made it an occasion long to be remcEabered by 
the people of Chicago. Ilis Grace, the Most 
Rev. Archbishop Mundelein, D. D., presided at 
his throne, and after the Gospel delivered an 
appropriate address to the congregation. 

In this connection it may be said that a 
point keenly felt by members of Holy Name 
parish is the fact that on occasions like this, 
necessarily diocesan in character, the seating 
capacity of the church must needs prohibit a 
larger attendance of thepeople of this congre- 
gation. In consequence on this day the ad- 
jacent streets were thronged with an enthus- 
iastic but disappointed people, unable to gain 
admittance to the sacred edifice. At the ban- 
quet which followed in honor of His Grace to 
the visiting clergy and prelates, the new arch- 
bishop responded to the speeches of welcome 
in happy remarks, and closed by the appoint- 
ment of Rt. Rev. M. J. FitzSimmous as vicar- 
general. 

Following close upon the arrival of the 
archbishop in his see, our country joined the 
allies in war on Germany, and His Grace, as 
leader of an important Catholic section, both 
in his official capacit}^ and through his great 
personal inflv.enee, contributed in no small 
degree to patriotic endeavor. Following his 
inspiration the parish took a notable part in 
war activities. Falling in in happy accord 
with the spirit of the time and spurred on to 
renewed effort bj' the appeal of his letters read 
from the pulpit on Sundays the parishioners 
participated generously in the various Lib- 
erty Bonds and Yf ar Savings drives, war-time 
food economy. Knights of Columbus and 
United War Work subscriptions and patriotic 
propaganda in general. Sales of Liberty 
Bonds associated with the Cathedral were 
among the largest attained by Catholic par- 
ishes. By permission of His Grace, the Most 
Reverend Archbishop, one of the Holy Name 
priests. Rev. Joseph E. Phelan, became a gov- 
ernment appointee to the local exemption 
board and gave his time unremittingly to the 
work. 

Anticipating the wish of His Grace iu all 
things pertaining to the interest of religion, 
the parishioners have responded generously 
to every letter of appeal made in furtherance, 
of his wishes. The parish points with pride 
to the largest annual collection taken up in 
the archdiocese for our Holy Father, the 
Pope; likewise to the most generous res/onse 
given to the written appeal of His Grace 
pleading for Catholie orphanages when state 
aid for their sspport was withdraws ; also to 




t 



St. Peter's Church, Niles Center, III. 1(36(3 




/?ev T Lciuermann 




St. Joseph's Church, Waukegan. III. 1670 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hmidred twenty-nine 



the high place won in the Catholic Charities 
drive. In this latter reference the parish is 
one of comparatively few which have merited 
the diamond star recently presented by the 
archbishop to pastors of some congregations 
in recognition of parish generosity in the 
drive of 1919. 

An occasion of unusual interest took place 
in the Cathedral on the 21st of October, 1919. 
His Eminence, Cardinal Mercier, visiting Chi- 
cago, was the guest of His Grace, the Most 
Reverend Archbishop Mundelein, who received 
him with an ecclessiastical pomp worthy of his 
high dignity and the universal respect that 
he commands because of the fearless patriot- 
ism which characterized him in the defense 
of the people and Church of Belgium during 
the war with Germany. He was received at 
the main entrance of the Cathedral by the Rt. 
Rev. Rector, in the name of the Most Rev- 
erend Archbishop, whose thfone he occupied. 
His Grace was seated on a throne on the 
epistle side of the sanctuary, while the Rt. 
Rev. A. J. McGavick, D. D., celebrated Pon- 
tifical High Mass. At the Cardinal's throne 
were Monsignor FitzSimmons, assistant priest, 
and Monsignors D. J. Riordan and E. A. 
Kelly, assistant deacons. Chaplains to His 
Grace, Most Rev. Archbishop Mundelein, were 
Rev. J. B. Furay, S. J., and Rev. E. J. Fox. 

The officers of the Mass were Rev. John 
Webster Melody, D. D., assistant priest ; Rev. 
F. M. O'Brien, deacon, and Rev. D. L. Mc- 
Donald, sub-deacon ; master of ceremonies was 
Rev. D. J. Dunne, D. D. The music was elab- 
orately rendered under the management of 
Rev. J. E. Bourget, the diocesan musical di- 
rector, and organist of the Cathedral. After 
appropriate words of introduction by His 
Grace, the Most Rev. Archbishop, His Emi- 
nence, the Cardinal, addressed in a pleasing 
manner, the immense congregation that had 
assembled from all parts of the city. A recep- 
tion committee of lajinen were also in waiting 
upon his Eminence, the Cardinal, and occu- 
pied special seats in the Cathedral during the 
ceremony. This great occasion will live as an 
historical event in the history of the Cathedral 
parish. 

Music supplied by the Cathedral Choir was 
always an attractive feature of the solemn 
services at Holy Name. As earlj' as 1875 or 
1876, after the rebuilding of the church, the 
music was Gregorian in character, imder the 
direction of Professor Allen, organist and 
choir director until 1880. At this time it 
was discontinued to adopt Polj-phonic mu- 



sic which became popular under the direc- 
tion of Professor H. C. Bessler, and reached 
the zenith of its success in the period be- 
tween 1891 and 1900, when artists of renown 
were associated with the choir. During part 
of this time Professor Wilhelm Middleschulte 
was organist and choir director, and gathered 
about him, not only soloists of recognized ar- 
tistic ability, but also a chorus of over sixty 
voices, whose training was of more than or- 
dinary excellence. In its period of most 
brilliant achievement, the Cathedral Choir 
had the services of Madame Francesca Guth- 
rie Moyer, Miss Bessie O'Brien (now Mrs. 
Lantry), F. A. Langlois and Adolph Erst. 
Associated with the choir, also for many years 
was Miss Kate Coffee and later Mrs. Richard 
Gavin and Mrs. Roboviak. 

The decree "Motu Proprio" of the late 
pontiff, Pius the Tenth, received for promul- 
gation throughout the Archdiocese, has had 
a special application to the music of tte 
Cathedral, which, in consequence, for sev- 
eral years has been Gregorian in its char- 
acter. This supplants the Polyphonic form 
of music 'of the past period which, through 
its technique in the harmonizing of male 
and female voices, gives opportunity for al- 
most unlimited variation in the production 
of operatic effect. The change naturally 
has had its difficulties, and the people ac- 
customed to the animated display of modem 
music, have found it hard to cultivate a taste 
for the more dignified but less sensational 
rhythms of the Gregorian chant. The ab- 
sence of women's voices which is in accor- 
dance with the ritual of the Church, and the 
difficulty of getting a sufficient number of 
trained substitutes among the men, has been 
a perplexing feature that vexed the question 
and seemed to sanction dislike for the music, 
since both number and training are absolute- 
ly necessary for a good Gregorian choir. The 
problem however is finding a solution. Under 
the direction of His Grace, Most Rev. Arch- 
bishop Mundelein, church and college man- 
agement, cooperating with the archdiocesan 
musical director, every effort is being made 
to give the Cathedral at its solemn service, 
an efficient choir rendering ecclessiastical 
music of the highest standard. The con- 
viction obtains, that with the cooperation of 
the men of the congregation, a magnificent 
Gregorian choir is a feasible project. Op- 
portunity for musical education and voice cul- 
ture without expense, is here given to men 




SAcnED Heart Church, Palos, III. 1672 



1 




Assumption Church, Coal City, III. 1673 



TJie Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred thirty-one 



who wish to join the Choral Society of Holy 
Name parish. 

There is also a junior choir of boj's and 
girls of the parochial school, which under the 
management of the Sisters and choir masiter 
of the church, are doing remarkably well in 
ritual chant. The boys have frequently ren- 
dered with good effect the Vesperal service, 
and the girls gave a beautiful hymnal rendi- 
tion at the four o'clock Mass on Christmas 
morning 1919. The nine and ten o'clock 
Masses on Sunday mornings are respectively 
distinguished by the singing of the children 
and that of the Young Ladies' Sodality 
choir. 

In these pages due recognition must be 
given to the boys' choir of the Quigley Pre- 
paratory Seminary. In their collegiate train- 
ing they have attained a wonderful success 
in the rendition of Gregorian music which is 
manifested on special occasions in the serv- 
ices of the Cathedral. Their singing is an 
education and has become an attraction to 
the people attending Divine service. They 
are under the direction of the faculty of the 
college. 

During the last three years the rehabilita- 
tion of the Cathedral has been made complete 
by the installation of a new organ and the 
placing of twenty-two new stained glass win- 
dows at a total cost of $30,000. 

T!ae windows have be^n placed through 
personal contribution, by donors, whose names 
deserve a place in these pages, but the win- 
dows themselves sufficiently identify the fam- 
ily of the giver, whose name they are in- 
tended to perpetuate. Other donations, how- 
ever, we feel olsliged to chronicle; the mar- 
ble pulpit was the donation of the Young 
Ladies' Sodality; the sanctuary railing was 
a memorial by the J. V. Clarke fam- 
ily to their father; the baptistry, perhaps 
the most beautiful of its size in the country, 
was the gift of Mrs. Charles F. Spalding, 
in memory of her mother, Elizabeth Ber- 
trand Clarke, the side altar and statue of 
St. Joseph were given by the J. B. Inderrie- 
den family as a memorial to their mother, 
and the side altar and statue of St. John, by 
Mrs. J. V. Clarke, Jr., in memory of her hiis- 
band. 

The estimated Catholic population (the 
census not being complete at this writing) 
is 1,000 families, besides an individual mem- 
bership of a transient character, numbering 
approximately 1,500 people. 



The personnel of the Holy Name clergy 
reads as follows : The Most Rev. George W. 
Mundelein, D. D., pastor, Rt. Rev. M. J. 
FitzSinimoiis, P. A., V. G., rector; Very Rev. 
Edward F. Iloban, D. D., chancellor; Rev. 
Dennis Dunne, D. D., assistant chancellor; 
Rev. John IMcCarthy, Rev. James Ilorsburgh, 
Rev. J. B. Sheil, Rev. James O'Brien, Very 
Rev. F. A. Purcell, D. D., Rev. John Kelly, 
Rev. Paul Smith, Rev. Joseph Burger, D. D., 
and Rev. J. E. Bourget. 

Noteworthy in this historical sketch are 
the many vocations which the parish of the 
Holy Name has given to the church. Religi- 
ous orders everywhere throughout this coun- 
try have been the recipients of the flower of 
its womanhsod, dedicating their individual 
lives to the espousal of Jesus Christ. The 
number of these religious we may not men- 
tion. Of the young men of the parish who 
in time have consecrated themselves to the 
service of the altar, we can mention here 
only those that occur to memory or may be 
found in the annals of the diocese. They are 
Rt. Rev. Edmund M. Dunne, D. D., bishop of 
Peoria ; Rt. Rev. Edward A. Kelly ; Rt. Rev. 
Wm. Foley; Rev. John R. Dinnen, diocese of 
Fort "Wayne; Rev. Richard McGuire; Rev. 
Hugh O'Connor, C. M.; Rev. T. V. Navin, 
C. M. ; Rev. M. M. Gregery, C. M. ; Rev. C. 
A. Erkenswick; Rev. J. B. Murray; Rev. 
Joseph P. Joyce, diocese of Rockford; Rev. 
Francis J. Barry; Rev. Joseph P. O'Reilly; 
Rev. D. L. McDonald ; Rev. George T. Mc- 
Carthy ; Rev. Martin L. Nealis ; Rev. "Wm. D. 
O'Brien; Rev. Joseph E. Phelan; Very Rev. 
J. F. Ryan, C. S. V. ; Rev. "Wm. Owens ; Rev. 
Frank Shay, Rev. Francis Hayden; Rev. 
James G. McKeon ; Rev. Thomas Nevin ; Rev. 
Martin Tobin ; Rev. Edward Unruh, diocese 
of Kansas City; Rev. Frederick Upton, dio- 
cese of Denver; Rev. Thomas J. Mackin, dio- 
cese of Charleston; and Rev. Aloysius Lud- 
den. Other clergjTnen of whom we have no 
knowledge, we regret must needs be excluded 
from their places on this list. 

In closing this historical account of the 
Cathedral parish of the Holy Name, we feel 
that it would be incomplete without a due 
reference to the religious status of the congre- 
gation. The loyalty of the people to the 
Church, their fidelity to the holy sacrifice of 
the Mass and their participation in the sac- 
raments have alwaj'S been a sovirce of grat- 
ification to the priests who were called to 
minister unto them. These qualities make 
for the character of a people ever responsive 



ii 




I St. Mapv's Church. Riverside, III. "1673 





Rev P.Con\\)ay Rev J. J. O'Brien 





lev.E S. Hennebcrry 



St Pius' Church, Chicago. III. 1673 



Diamo7id Jubilee 



Page two hundred thirty-three 



to the wish of their pastors whether material 
or spiritual. 

St. Joseph's — Wilmette, 1845 

In the year 1844 a number of German 
immigry.nts from the Valley of the Moselle, 
near the old Roman Castle Trier, an Episco- 
pal diocesan seat, arrived in Chicago. They 
settled west of the Indian reservation, in the 
northern part of Cook County, Illinois, on the 
shores of Lake Michigan. Each of them 
bought a small parcel of ground, mostly cov- 
ered with timber. They cut down the wood, 
selling the same to Chicago, which at that 
time was a small village ; being a U. S. fort, 
built for the protection of the inhabitants of 
Northern Illinois. They soon established a 
little village on the travel road from Chicago 
to Milwaukee, calling it Gross Point. A 
township was organized under the name of 
"New Trier." These immigrants were Cath- 
olics and, naturally, wanted a Catholic 
church in their midst. They cut down a suf- 
ficient number of trees and built a block 
church, under the patronage of St. Joseph. 
In the beginning it was attended at irreg- 
ular intervals by a priest from Chicago. In 
December, 1845, Rev. H. Platte was sent to 
them as their first pastor. A large territory 
was assigned to him comprising the North- 
ern part of Cook County, outside of Chicago, 
Lake County to the border-line of Wisconsin, 
and, the adjoining McHenry County on the 
west. He attended to this territory as best 
he could until January 1, 1847. His successor 
was Rev. J. M. Fortmann, who built a small 
frame church at Gross Point. In the begin- 
ning of May 1852 he was succeeded by Rev. 
J. B. U. Jacomet, who remained only until 
July 30, 1852. For the next four months the 
Gross Point church was attended only occa- 
sionally from Chicago. On September 15, 
1852, Rev. Lawrence Kuepfer was sent to 
Gross Point, followed in December, 1852 by 
Rev. -Nicolas Stauder. He was succeeded, in 
May, 1855, by Rev. A. Kopp, who remained 
until August 30, 1860. During the next 
month, September, Rev. P. J. M. Jacobs, C. 
S. S. R., and Rev. Joseph Mueller, C. S. S. 
R. attended to the congregation. In Octo- 
ber the 1st, 1860, Rev. P. Hartlaub was ap- 

The foregoing comprehensive history of Holy Name Cathedral parish was prepared under 
the direct supervision of the Rector of the parish. Authority for facts stated regarding early days 
has been drawn from the Catholic Almanacs of 1SS0 and /53/; the Catholic Directory of 1861, 
1867; Andrea's History of Chicago; A "Short History of the Parish, Golden Jubilee Account," by 
Eliza Allen Starr; Catholic Directory of 1877; the archives of the diocese; the annals of the parish 
and letters and documents in the parish archives. For the more recent record personal knowledge 
and clear recollection have been drawn upon. 



pointed pastor. He remained only, until the 
1st of January, 1861. During the next six 
months the church was attended to by Rev. 
A. Kopp and Rev. P. Tschieder, S. J. In 
July, 1861, Rev. F. Blaesinger was sent as 
pastor. He died in November, 1864. From 
November the 10th, 1864, the redemptorists, 
Rev. P. Th. Majerus, Rev. C. Hahn, Rev. Alb. 
Schaeffler and Rev. Bernard Heskemann at- 
tended to the congregation. The latter was 
appointed as pastor, October 15, 1865, of St. 
Joseph's church. He built the first brick 
church in 1869. The church however was a 
failure, and had to be reconstructed. Rev. B. 
Heskemann was removed and the present 
pastor. Rev. Wm. Netstraeter, was appointed 
as pastor of St. Joseph's church in May, the 
15th, 1872. During the years 1867 and 1874 
the congregation at Evanston, Rose Hill (now 
Kenmore and Highland Park) were attended 
to, occasionally, from St. Joseph's church iu 
Gross Point. In the year 1870 St. Peter's 
church at Niles Center was cut off from St. 
JosepTi's and received its own pastor. In 
1873 a frame school building was erected, 
said building was enlarged in 1876 by an ad- 
dition and shortly after that, by a brick base- 
ment, high enough for school rooms, placed 
under the same. .The upper part was then 
changed into living rooms for the Sisters. The 
"School Sisters of St. Francis." took charge 
of St. Joseph's school in 1877. In the year 
1881, the long desired remodeling of the 
church took place ; at the same time it was 
properly decorated. In 1886 the present par- 
ochial residence was built. Lake avenue, of 
Wilmette, now being opened, the former res- 
idence of the pastor was moved to the present 
site, enlarged and given to the Sisters as their 
Convent. In 1892 a new school building was 
erected, adjoining the rear of the church. 
The object of this was, to strengthen the waU 
of the church. In 1815 the "Sisters of Char- 
ity" built their mother house in Gross Point. 
In the same year the front of St. Joseph's 
church was removed and the church building 
extended, mainly for additional school room 
and parish hall. The ne\t move will be to 
build a new church, convert the present one 
altogether into a school building (for which 
plans are being made) and then the congre- 
gation is well established for the future. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page tvjo hundred thirty-five 



Immaculate Conception 
Elgin, 1845 

The Ciitliolics in the neighborhood of El- 
gin, Gilbert Station and Huntley were at- 
tended as early as 1839 by the Rev. Maurice 
de St. Palais, the zealous French priest, who 
afterward bceame bishop of Vincennes. Mass 
was said in private houses and public halls 
every two or three months. 

Father St. Palais was suceec-led in 1844 
by Father Andrew Doyle. Father William 
Feely was the first resident priest, living here 
from 1845 to 1852. During his pastorate, in 
1851, work was begun on the first Catholic 
church in Elgin. It was built on a lot at the 
southeast corner of Gifford and Fulton 
Streets, donated by Mr. James T. Gifford, a 
non-Catholic. The church was made of cob- 
blestones and cement and was known as the 
' ' Cobblestone Church. ' ' 

Rev. James Gallagher served the Catho- 
lics of Elgin from 1852 to 1857, and it was he 
who completed the church begun by his pre- 
decessor. In the summer of 1857 Father 
Gallagher was drowned near the dam in the 
Fox river here. 

His successor was Rev. A. Eustace, who 
resided here until 1868. Father Thomas 
Fitzsimmons came in 1868, and was noted as 
a most enthusiastic temperance worker. The 
Young Men's Temperance Society had much 
to do in making the parish what it is to-day, 
far above the average for sobriety. It was 
Father Fitzsimmons who began the erection of 
St. Mary's Academy. He intended it for a 
parochial school, but found his means ina'i'-e- 
quate and left the work unfinished. He was 
transferred in 1877 and was followed by 
Father John Mackin. 

Father Mackin enlarged the old church to 
its present size. He induced the Sisters of 
Charity, B. V. M., to assume the debt on the 
school and complete its construction. The 
magnificent new church was begun by Father 
Mackin in 1896. Though far from comple- 
tion it was ready for occupancy Sunday, De- 
cember 24, 1899. 

In the new division of the diocese the 
greater part of Elgin fell within the bound- 
aries of the diocese of Rockford and need not 
be further noted here. 

immaculate conception 
Highland Park, 1846 

Some thirty families living in this vicinity 
applied to Bishop Quarter in 1846 for the 



services of a priest. The bishop deputed Rev. 
H. M. Fortman to build a church here and 
to minister to the people. Later Rev. Wm. 
Netstraeter of Gross Point attended to the 
people of this place. He was followed by 
Rev. Chas. Backus who resided in Waukegan. 
In June, 1893, Rt. Rev. P. A. Feehan ap- 
pointed Rev. John C. Madden as first resi- 
dent pastor. Father Madden died here in 
Sept. 1902. His successor was Rev. John J. 
Morrissey, who was placed in charge on Oct. 
1st, 1902. Father Morrissey remained until 
April 1908, and was succeeded by Rev. J. D. 
O'Neill, D. D., who assumed charge May 1st, 
1908. 

Dr. O'Neill purchased two acres of land 
in 1910 at the corner of Green Bay Road and 
Deerfield Avenue. Since that time a combin- 
ation church and school, a rectory and convent 
have been built on the new site. The school — 
grammar and high, is in charge of the Sisters 
of Loretto. There are societies and sodali- 
ties for men, women, boys and girls. 

St. Patrick's — Chicago, 1846 

Right Reverend William Quarter, D. D., 
the first bishop, assigned the task of building 
a new church on the West Side to his brother 
and vicar-general, Reverend Walter J. Quar- 
ter. 

The site selected was on Desplaines Street 
between Washington and Randolph. The 
lots on which the church stood were pur- 
chased ef the Canal commissioners for $3,000. 

Augustin D. Taylor who had built St. 
Mary's, also built St. Patrick's, which was a 
frame building costing $750, and it was 
opened for services on Easter Sunday, April 
12, 1846, when the first Mass was said therein. 

St. Patrick's parish at that time embraced 
the whole of the west side, that is all that part 
west of the Chicago river. 

Soon after the first church was erected, 
in 1846, Reverend Patrick J. McLaughlin be- 
came pastor and the church having proved 
too small for the congregation, Father Mc- 
Laughlin enlarged it. 

In 1850 the property at the corner of 
Desplaines and Adams Streets was pur- 
chased and also a house nearby in which a 
school was established. This first school was 
taught bj^ an Irish schoolmaster named 'Con- 
nell. 

Father McLaughlin commenced the erec- 
tion of a brick and stone church on the lots 
at the corner of Desplaines and Adams 
Street, but only the foundation and a wall 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred thirty-seven 



about eight feet high was laid wheu the work 
was suspended for a time. The cholera was 
prevalent in 1854 and Father McLaughlin 
was stricken with the dread disease and died. 
Very Reverend Dennis Dunne, D. D., 
formerly stationed at Ottawa, Illinois, suc- 
ceeded Father McLaughlin as pastor and soon 
took up the building of the new church. The 
foundations laid by Father McLaughlin were 
so badly damaged, howevei-, that Dr. Dunne 
decided to reconstruct them. He made such 
progress that the new church was sufficiently 
completed to be used for religious purposes 
in the summer of 1856. The first Mass was 
celebrated by Reverend Dennis Dunne, D. D., 
and it is interesting to note that Right Rev- 
erend Monsignor Daniel J. Riordan was one 
of the altar boys serving at this Mass. 

When entirely complete, St. Patrick's was 
one of the finest churches in Chicago. The 
Romanesque style of architecture was em- 
ployed, stained glass windows were installed 
and the fresco and decorations were in ad- 
vance of the time. 

St. Patrick's church survived the fire of 
" 1871 and has been for long years a landmark 
in Chicago. 

The Brothers of the Holy Cross, under the 
supervision of Reverend Patrick Dillon, who 
later became president of Notre Dame Univer- 
sity, took charge of the school in 1856, open- 
ing school in the old church on Randolph and 
Desplaines Streets. This building was after- 
wards moved to Adams and Desplaines and 
served as a school on that location. The 
Christian Brothers took charge of the school 
in 1861. 

St. Patrick's has been the scene of many 
notable ceremonies and its pulpit has been 
graced by some of the greatest orators of the 
Catholic hierarchy and clergy. It has num- 
bered amongst its parishioners hosts of the 
ablest and most worthy of the Catholics of 
Chicago. 

At different times St. Patrick's has been 
notable for different features and accomplish- 
ments. During the Civil War it was a virtual 
war center and it was from St. Patrick 's por- 
tals, so to speak, that the Irish legion, the 90th 
infantry, one of the worthiest regiments of 
the Civil War, went forth to fight for the 
Union. The pastor of St. Patrick's, Very 
Reverend Dennis Dunne, D. D., V. G., was 
familiarly caled the "Father of the Regi- 
ment ' ' and was in a large way the inspiration 
of the movement. 

This splendid regiment went to the front 



under the command of Colonel Timothy 
O'Meara, who gallantly gave up his life on 
the battle field soon after, but under other 
able leadership creditably acquitted itself 
in the battles of Cold Water, Jackson, Vicks- 
burg, CoUiersville, Mission Ridga, Resaca, 
Dallas, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy Sta- 
tion, Fort McAllister, and in Sherman's mem- 
orable march to the sea. The green flag car- 
ried by this regiment, side by side with the 
Stars and Stripes, reposes in state with other 
sacred relics of the Civil War in the State 
House Museum at Springfield. 

The remnant of the Irish Legion on its re- 
turn to Chicago after the war was welcomed 
by Governor Richard Yates and afterwards 
marched to the residence of Father Dunne 
and from there to St. Patrick 's school, where 
Dr. Dunne affectionately welcomed his boys 
to their homes and Reverend Dr. John J. 
Brennan read the resolutions of congratula- 
tions passed at a meeting of Irish Catholic 
citizens of Chicago in honor of the regiment. 

In more recent years St. Patrick's has 
been noted for its interior decorations and par- 
ticularly for the art glass windows which 
present designs of early Gaelic art and are 
unique in this respect. 

An attractive feature of the services at 
St. Patrick's for years has been the Sunday 
afternoon vesper service, noted for the ex- 
cellent quality of music rendered. 

Being what is called an up-town church 
and convenient to the hotels in the central 
part of the city, St. Patrick's is now largely 
attended by transients, and finds its capacity 
taxed for almost every service. 

The pastors in the order of succession have 
been: Rev. Patrick J. McLaughlin; Very 
Rev. Dennis Dunne, V. G. ; Rev. Patrick Dil- 
lon ; Rev. James Dillon ; Rev. James 'Meara ; 
Rev. William Doyle; Rev. Thomas O'Gara; 
Rev. Patrick J. Conway; Rev. Dean Terry; 
Rev. Thomas F. Galligan and Rev. William 
McNamee, the present pastor. 

St. Peter's — Chicago, 1846 

St. Peter's church, at Polk and Clark 
Streets, Chicago, was founded in 1846, by Bis- 
hop Quarter, to meet the needs of German- 
tongued Catholics living south of the river. 
The church was originally located in Wash- 
ington Street, between Wells and Franklin 
Streets. The first pastor, John Jung (1846- 
1849), erected a school on the same site. 

Rev. Anthony Voelker succeeded Father 
Jung in 1849, and in 1850 Rev. John Bernard 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page ttvo hundred thirty-nine 



"Weikamp succeedd as pastor, remaining until 
1853, when he undertook the care of St. Fran- 
cis of Assisi parish, St. Peter 's first offspring. 
Later Father Weikamp moved to northern 
Michigan, where he founded the famous dual 
convent of Cross Village. 

Under Father Weikamp 's successor. Rev. 
Gerhard Herman Plathe (1853-1855), St. 
Peter's church and school were removed to 
their present site in Polk Street. The next 
pastors were Rev. Caspar Ostlangenberg 
(1855-1857), and Eev. Herman Liermann 
(1857-1860). Rev. I. B. Mager (1860-1864) re- 
placed the frame church with a solid stone 
structure in 1864. Father Peter Fischer, his 
indefatigable successor, and the founder of 
many parishes, completed the church build- 
ing, arranging in its purlieus additional school 
rooms. During his pastorate (1864-1873) a 
second school was built a few miles to the 
south, to accommodate the people living there, 
forming the nucleus of what is now the par- 
ish of St. Anthony of Padua. To this parish 
Father Fischer removed in 1873, as its first 
pastor. 

After the short and somewluit unforun- 
ate pastorate of Rev. Edward Froehlich, Bis- 
hop Foley placed the parish of St. Peter in 
charge of the Franciscan Fathers of the St. 
Louis Province (1875), in whose charge it 
has remained to the present. The following 
is the list of parish priests since 1875. Father 
Liborius Schaefermeyer, (1879), who built 
the present school ; Fr. Augustine Hensler, 
to 1885; Fr. Kilian Sehloesser, to 1888; Fr. 
Maximilian Neumann, to 1894; Fr. Pacific 
Kohnen, to 1898 ; Fr. Hugo Fessler, 1898 ; Fr. 
Cyprian Banscheid, 1898 to 1906 ; Fr. Maurice 
Baukholt, to 1910 ; Fr. Henry Kuenster, to 
1917 ; Fr. Fortunate Hausser, the present 
pastor. 

The march of events has registered re- 
peated and vast changes upon the original 
character and surroundings of St. Peter's. 
The great fires of 1871 and 1874, did indeed 
spare the parish buildings ; but resulting 
changes and the encroachments of commerce 
and traffic gradually forced its people to seek 
homes elsewhere ; and, though they were per- 
mitted by Archbishop Feehan to retain their 
membership at St. Peter's (1885), death has 
thinned their ranks to a few surviving fam- 
ilies. On the other hand, St. Peter's has 
been growing continuously in public favor as 
a shrine of devotion, while its position as a 
kind of chapel of ease for loop dwellers and 
loop workers is officially recognized. 



The same force of circumstances made 
imperative a change of language to the ver- 
nacular of the land an occasional sermon 
and devotion in German being the only mon- 
ument of its former character. The school, so 
self-sacrificingly managed by the Sisters of 
Notre Dame of Milwaukee since 1865, has 
latterly become a mission school for the Italian 
and Syrian childi-en of the vicinity. It har- 
bors some two hundred children annually, and 
is, since 1902, a free school supported by a 
fund of the School Society of St. Peter's and 
the votive offerings of patrons of the church. 

Among the pious and benevolent organiza- 
tions flourishing at St. Peter's are three great 
fraternities of the Third Order of St. Francis, 
numbering some five thousand members ; the 
Confraternity of the Immaculate Heart of 
Mary for the Conversion of Sinners ; and a 
very efficient branch of the Society of St. 
Vincent de Paul. 

St. Joseph's — Chicago, 1846 

St. Joseph's parish, which is the second 
eldest German parish in the city of Chicago, 
was established in the year 1846 by the Rt. 
Rev. Bishop William Quarter, the first bishop 
of Chicago. The first church was a tempor- 
ary frame structure measuring 36x90 ft. and 
stood on the northeast corner of Cass Street 
and Chicago Avenue. Adjoining this was a 
very modest parish house, and one room school, 
accommodating between 80 and 100 pupils, 
who were taught by a lay teacher. The ter- 
ritory comprised in the parish boundaries 
covered about eight square miles, including 
at that time the present St. Boniface parish 
which is west of the Chicago river. 

In the year 1861 His Grace, Bishop Dug- 
gan applied to Abbot Boniface Wimmer, 0. 
S. B., then Abbot of St. Vincent Abbey in 
Pennsj'lvania, for assistance, and offered him 
St. Joseph's parish. The parish had never 
been properly tended owing to the lack of a 
sufficient number of German speaking priests 
to administer to the spiritual wants of the 
many German Catholics who had settled in 
this district, which was at that time the fron- 
tier of stable colonization. The venerable 
Abbot acepted the bishop 's offer and took con- 
trol of St. Joseph's parish, which was not only 
sorely in need of spiritual ministration, but 
was encumbered with a debt of $4,000.00 — 
a large sum at that time. 

Rev. Father Louis Fink was appointed as 
pastor and took charge of the parish in June 
1861. Father Meinrad was ordained by Bis- 



+ ^o- 



■o^o- 



<rm 





Rqv T.M.Sampolitiski 





Rev. W.T.Kuku/skr 




Rev.L.A.Hinc 




Rev. 5. J. Cz3peJski 



% 



St. Adalbert's Church. Chicago, III. 1675 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred forty-one 



hop Duggan, July 25th, 1861, and appointed 
as assistant to Father Fink. For two years 
he acted in this capacity, when he was trans- 
ferred to Erie, Pennsylvania. His successor 
was Father Corbinian. The zeal and untiring 
efforts of Father Fink and Father Corbinian 
soon gained the confidence of the parish, which 
now gave promise of gi-eat spiritual and fi- 
nancial progress. The fathers through their 
wise and kindly ministrations increased the 
solemnity of the Divine services, and gained 
tlie gratitude and loyalty, not only of the 
parishioners, many of whom were the most 
highly respected and prosperous citizens of 
Chicago, but they were respected by the cler- 
gy and laitj% both Catholic and Protestant, 
throughout the city. 

The parish became so flourishing that the 
fathers paid off the debt in one year, and pur- 
chased a site for a new school to accommodate 
the greatly increased number of school chil- 
dren. The school building whfen completed, 
was one of the most up-to-date school build- 
ings in the city. 

The next move was to erect a large and 
more substantial church. Several adjoining 
lots were purchased at considerable expense, 
and the foundation for a new church laid: 
This church built in the Basilic style, when 
completed perhaps surpassed in size and 
beauty anj- church in the diocese, and even 
in the state of Illinois. 

Father Louis was prior and pastor for 
seven years, at the end of which time he was 
transfered to Atchison, Keinsas, and after two 
years appointed co-adjutor to Bishop J. B. 
Miege, S. J., of Leavenworth, which see he 
occupied fon thirty years. His assistants, 
during his stay at St. Joseph's were Fathers 
Meinrad, Bruno, Gregory, Agatho and Lean- 
der, the last of whom succeeded Father Louis 
as prior. Father Leander built a beautiful 
priory attached to the church at a cost of 
about $20,000.00, and had a new organ cost- 
ing $5,000.00 installed in the church. 

On the 11th of J\ine, 1871, Father Fink 
was consecrated bishop in St. Joseph 's church 
by Rt. Rev. Bishop Thomas Foley. This day 
was observed as a gala day by the parishion- 
ers, who showed their joy and esteem for their 
beloved pastor by presenting him with many 
valuable gifts as tokens of gratitude for his 
labors in their midst. 

It was on the 8th and 0th of October of 
the following year that the vast conflagration 
which swept away a large part of the city of 
Chicago, also destroyed the beautiful build- 



ings of St. Joseph's parish, and the homes of 
more than five hundred of the [)arishioners. 

As soon as possible after the fire, a tem- 
porary combination frame chureli and school 
■were erected, which during Holy Week of the 
following spring, was moved almost a mile 
north by west of its present site, to the cor- 
ner of Hill and Market Streets (now Orleans 
Street.) The rapid growth of the parish 
soon necessitated the erection of a new school. 
This however was delayed by the transfer 
of Father Leander to Pittsburg in the year ' 
1872, who was succeeded temporarily by 
Father Meinrad. The fathers that had as- 
sisted at St. Joseph's from the time that Fath- 
er Leander became prior M'cre Fathers Gerand, 
Richard. Agatho and Corbinian. The last 
mentioned was appointdH prior. His first act 
was to erect a large school which still stands 
at the corner of Franklin and Hill Streets. 

Father Corbinian was succeeded by Father 
Aegidius, who labored most zealously and 
economica|lly for the good of the parish. 
It was during his pastorate, that the present 
church, a plain Gothic edifice, which is con- 
sidered by architects as one of the most 
symetrically proportioned churches in the 
country, was begun and completed. The 
laying of the cornerstone and dedication were 
both grand celebratrons. All the parish 
societies of the city participated, together 
with a great number of bishops and priests. 
Rt. Rev. Bishop Folej' laid the cornerstone, 
and Father Agatho delivered the sermon. The 
church was blessed by Bishop Foley, and the 
dedication sermon delivered by the Venerated 
Abbot Boniface Wimmer. The first Pontifi- 
cal High Mass in the new church was cele- 
brated by Bishop Louis Fink, with Bishops 
Seidenbusch and Kraiitbauer in the sanct- 
uary. 

The parish continued to flourish and the 
debt rapidly decreased owing to the wise man- 
agement of Father Aegidius. 

The fathers that labored in and assisted 
at St. Joseph 's after the fire iintil the present 
time were Fathers Leander, Meinrad, Corbin- 
ian, Aegidius, Suitbert, Bcruardine, Coeles- 
tine, Benedict. William, Boniface, Agatho, 
Gerard Richard Valentine, Pancratius Wolf- 
gang, Theobald Constantine Casimir, Pius, 
Robert. Mellitus Linus, Vitus, Alfred, Victor, 
Leonard. Ferdinand, Marcellus, Bede, Mich- 
ael. Aemelian. Clement Ainaiidus. Ulrich and 
many others. Father Theobald wa-s the last 
prior from St. Vincent's Arch-Abbey. In 
September 1915, the parish was transferred to 



■o-»- 





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"I'sin 

I'M.!! ill 



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I Our Lady of Sorrows Church, Chicago. III. 1(374 | 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred forty-three 



the newly constituted Abbey of St. Bede's at 
Peru, Illinois. The first fathers from St. 
Bede's to take charge were Father Justus as 
prior assisted by the Fathers Philip and 
Francis. The fathers attending the parish 
at present are Fathers Justus, Francis and 
Aloysius. 

The parochial school is conducted by six 
Benedictine Sisters and has at present an en- 
rollment of about 260 children. 

Of the societies St. Joseph's Men's So- 
ciety desei'ves special mention as it has ex- 
isted since the founding of the parish and 
has done incalculable good in supporting the 
parish priests iu the administration of the 
temporal affaii-s and in taking care of the poor 
of the parish. Other parish societies are : 
The Women's Rosary Society, the Altar So- 
ciety, St. John's Young Men's Society, St. 
Gertrude's Young Ladle's Sodality and the 
Children of Mary. Besides these there are 
St. Benedict's Court, Lincoln Court and St. 
Frances of Rome Court, Catholic Order of 
Foresters. 

St. Raphael— 1846 

SS. Peter and Paul— 1864 

Naperville 

The first Catholic settlers in this parish 
of whom there is any present knowledge, were 
Joseph Yack and Xavier Dutter, who came 
here about the year 1838. Their families 
came a year or two afterwards. 

In 1846 the fii'st church edifice was erected 
in what is now the city of Naperville. It 
was a small frame structure with a ' ' lean to ' ' 
attached on the south side, the latter being 
used for the dual purpose of a pastor's resi- 
dence and sacristy. This building was lo- 
cated on the west side of Front Street, facing 
east. 

The membei-s of this infant parish got a 
deed of lot 7 in block 5 of Sleight's Addition 
(located on the southwest corner of Frank- 
lin Avenue and Front Street, where Carolus 
Hall now stands), and two acres of land for 
cemetery purposes (the old part of the ceme- 
tery) from Morris Sleight on August 20, 1846, 
for the consideration of $50.00. At the same 
time Mr. Sleight contracted to sell lots 4, 5 
and 6 in the same block, which adjoin lot 7 
on the south and the little church was built 
on lots 5 and 6. This church was named "St. 
Raphael's church." 

At the time tlie I'hui'ch was built there 
were less than 25 families of Catholic origin 
living in the neighborhood, and it is claimed 



that the church building was erected by con- 
tributions from not more than thirteen of 
these. As the legend runs, Joseph Wehril, 
who was the only one of the number having 
money, advanced the money to build the 
church on an assurance from the others that 
they would, pro rata, reimburse him there- 
for. This, after considerable financial diflB- 
culty, was finally done, and the pari.sh got the 
deeds of lots 4, 5 and 6 on November 27, 1849. 
Among the names of persons of Catholic ori- 
gin, at that time, are Joseph Wehril, Peter 
Schultz, X. Egenman, D. Bapst, Andrew 
Kreyder, X. Dutter, G. Ott, Joseph Yack, 
Andrew Schall, Francis Ory, Joseph Hinter- 
long, X. Riedy, Lawrence Kaefer, Antonie 
Kuni, Joseph Pfister, John Clementz, John 
Jaegly, Joseph Seller, X. Drendel, X. Winck- 
ler, Michael Schwartz, Valentine Dieter, 
Schrodi and Mark Beaubein. 

Rev. Raphael Rainaldi was the first pas- 
tor of the church. He was, probably, like his 
successor. Rev. Marogna, a native of Tyrol, 
Italy and thus, in the German idom, was a 
"Tyroler." This may account for the fact 
that the first history of Du Page County 
(Richmond's), published in 1857, gives the 
credit for the erection of this church to "Rev. 
Theroler." The first official act of Father 
Rainaldi, according to the county records, 
was the marriage of Robert le Beau to Emily 
Beaubein, on September 8, 1846. At the fi^^t 
theological conference of the clergy of the 
Chicago diocese, held there on November 10, 
1847, "Rev. Rainaldi of Naperville" was 
pre.sest. Rev. Rainaldi left Navperville in 
July, 1848, and on July 19, 1848, was sent as 
pastor to St. Mary's church in Peoria, where 
he was stationed as late, at least, as May, 1851. 
He was afterwards stationed for a time at 
Lourdes. 

The next pastor was Rev. Charles Joseph 
Count Von Marogna, a native of Tyrol, Italy. 
Under date July 10, 1848, we read in the 
diary of Very Rev. Walter J. Quarter, that 
''RevJIorgana left for Naperville." The lat- 
ter spelling of this pastor's name is undoubt- 
edly incorrect, as is also "Morocno" as lo- 
cal tradition usually spells the name. He is 
referred to by Bishop Van de Velde and by 
church historians, by the name "Marogna," 
and this is the correct spelling of his neune. 
He was of noble Italian ancestry and his ti- 
tular name was "Charles Joseph, Count of 
Marogna. " Father JJarogna was here bat a 
very short time (scarcely a month), being 
transferred from here to (iermantowni, Clin- 



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St. Vincent's Church, Chicago, III. 1675 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred forty-five 



ton County (Shoal Creek Settlement). He 
afterwards, in 1853, entered the Benedictine 
order of St. Vincents, Iowa, and died at St. 
Paul, Minn., in 1860. His incumbency at 
Naperville may have been only a temporary 
one, as already, on September 25, 1848, Rev. 
John Ingoldsby, then pastor of St. Patrick's 
church at Cass, was called here to celebrate 
the marriage of Soliste Beaubien to Rosa 
Dresa. 

For sometime afterwards there was no 
regular pastor here. Rev. Anthony Kopp 
came on January 2, 18-49, to solemnize the 
marriage of Anthony Bapst to Caroline Kuni. 
He was sent here on April 21, 1849, " in order 
to give the German Catholics a chance to 
make their Easter duty," and again officiated 
here at a marriage ceremony on May 16, 1849. 
Rev. Nicholas Jung solemnized here the mar- 
riage of Peter Nicholas to Victoria Bapst on 
February 20, 1849. 

The next pastor was Rev. Nicholas Jung, 
a native of Strassburg, Alsace, Germany, 
whence he immigrated in 1845. He became 
pastor about July, 1849. 

The first official visit to Naperville by any 
bishop was on July 13, 1849, when Bishop 
Van de Velde of Chicago, came and stayed 
here until Monday, July 16, 1849, during 
which time he "examined spiritual and tem- 
poral affairs of Naper\ille congregation and 
found everything in a most satisfactory con- 
dition; gave communion to 23 children and 
confirmed 50 persons.'' At this time it is 
probable that the bishop assisted the little 
congregation in the adjustment of their fi- 
nancial difficulties which culminated, as is 
seen in the deed, to the lots whereon the 
church stood on November 27, 1849. 

Relative to the congregation at this time, 
Bishop Van de Velde 's diary, under date 
October 22, 1849, speaks as follows: "Bishop 
at Naperville from Joliet. Congregation 
about 600, nearly all Germans. Aurora at- 
tached to it about 700, nearly all Canadians. 
No church at Aurora. ' ' 

At this last mentioned visit of the bishop 
on Oct. 22, 1849 Father Jung was relieved of 
his pastorate. . 

Again for several months there was no 
regular pastor here. Rev. Anthony married 
Valentine Kuhn to Ursula Lenbondius on 
February 26, 1850, and probably came at 
other times of need. 

The next pastor was Rev. Francis Anthony 
Voelker. He was a native of Hanover, Ger- 
many, and had been a soldier in his younger 



years. His first recorded official act was a 
marriage on March 12, 1850. Father Voelker 
died here during his pastorate and was buried 
in the parochial cemetery on Septeml)er 4, 
1851, Bishop Van de Velde personally attend- 
ing the funeral. 

On Novembe-r 14, 1851, Rev. Charles 
Zuker, a native of Prussia, who was ordained 
priest in Chicago only a week before, on 
November 7th, was appointed pastor of the 
church. On December 11th, following, he 
received additionally "charge of the sta- 
tions of Somonauk, Little Rock and Benja- 
min's Settlement." Little Rock was a set- 
tlement west of Aurora, and Benjamin's 
Settlement was in the northwestern part of 
this county. 

Under this pastor the church received 
its first bells — two bells being cast for it 
in Chicago. The church was also enlarged 
by a frame addition and the "lean to" was 
moVed to the southwest comer of lot 4, and 
used from then on as the parish school. The 
official parish registers were begun by this 
pastor and are extant from that time to the 
present. 

Shortly after this the church received 
another Episcopal visit, and we read again, 
in Bishop Van de Velde 's diary, under data 
March 28, 1853: "Left for Naperville; de- 
putation and band of music to meet bishop 
at Downer's Grove (doubtless the bishop 
means the railroad station at Danby, after- 
wards Prospect Park, and now named Glen 
Ellyn) ; thence escorted to Naperville, nine 
miles; firing of guns and ringing of bells; 
church enlarged; confirmation at Naperville 
and first communion, 76 confirmed; in af- 
ternoon visited Milton, new frame church of 
St. Stephen." 

Father Zucker left here in August, 1853, 
his last recorded official act being on the 
2nd day of that month. 

During the following September, October 
and November Rev. Anthony Kopp, then pas- 
tor of St. Joseph's church of Chicago and 
afterwards vicar-general of the diocese, 
from time to time attended the spiritual 
needs of the congregation. 

The next pastor was Rev. John Peter 
Kraemer, who was appointed in December, 
1853, his fir.st recorded official act being on 
the 18th day of that month. He remained 
until September, 1854. 

During the next following pastoral va- 
cancy. Rev. John Peter Carolus, then pastor 
at Johnsburg (McHenry) and Rev. Anthony 



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Rev. E.J. Dunne 
2ev.JohnC.Gillen I lev.HJ.CmUoyle 




All Saints Church. Chicago, III. 1(2i75 



J^ 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred forty-seven 



Kopp of Cliicago, came to this city from 
time to time during the winter of 1854-55 ; 
the foi-mer baptizing about 15 children and 
the latter baptizing about ten during that 
time. 

Rev. Rudolph Ettoffer, the next pa.stor, 
became such on May 14, 1855. His incum- 
bency was short, as he died there on October 
27, 1855, and was buried in the parochial 
cemetery. 

During the pastoral vacancy in the winter 
of 1855-56 Father Carolus again from time 
to time gave his Naperville friends religious 
consolation. His visits, however, were ir- 
regular. 

In April, 1856, Rev. Eusebius Kaiser be- 
came pastor and remained such until July 
18, 1857. 

For about a j'ear folowing the pastorate 
was vacant, the spiritual needs of the con- 
gregation being attended from time to time, 
as occasion demanded, by Rev. L. Carteyveis 
of Aurora, and Rev. Joseph Ranck of Joliet. 

Rev. L. Snjder became the next pastor. 
The church records show his first official act 
to have been on August 22, 1858, and his last 
on October 13, 1858. 

Rev. John Peter Carolus, the next pastor, 
became siich on or about December 5, 1858. 
He was a native of Strassburg, Alsace, Ger- 
many. Before he came to this country he had 
been officiating at Herbsheim, Alsace, from 
the neighborhood of which town many of the 
members of the Naperville congregation had 
originated; consequently he was well known 
to the major part of the congregation. Al- 
ready when stationed at Johnsburg he had, as 
we have seen, in a measure ministered to the 
Napei'ville parish when it was sorely in need 
because of a pastoral vacancy. 

Father Carolus was physically a large 
and corpulent man. He was companionable, 
and of a social disposition, and was highly 
regarded by his flock. His selection was 
eminently fitting because of the close ties of 
friendship . and of nationality which bound 
him to so many of the congregation. His 
coming was timely ; the finances of the parish 
and its property were in a very unsatisfactory 
condition; spiritually the condition of the 
congregation was even more unsatisfactory. 
Though the parish was founded twelve years 
before he came, the constant changing of pas- 
tors, the long pastoral vacancies, various 
petty parish discords, etc., had alienated many 
of the congregation, if not from the Church 



itself, at lea.st from active interest in the 
parish. 

In 1860, therefore, the new pa.stor insti- 
tuted a mission, given by the spirited, able 
and eloquent Father Xavier Wenninger, S. J., 
the beneficial results of which, without ques- 
tion, have endured even to this day. 

The religious fervor re-awakened by this 
mission and kept alive and strengthened by 
the higli regard and respect for Father Car- 
olus, soon resulted that the church attendance 
taxed tl\p church capacity, and plans for a 
new church edifice had to be made. For this 
purpose a subscription was taken up, result- 
ing in the promises by the members of the 
congregation of $24,000 towards the new 
church. 

Under this pastorate the fii-st regular 
school teacher was employed in the parochial 
school. 

It was not ordained, however, by Provi- 
dence that Father Carolus should see the be- 
ginning of the new church structure. At- 
tached to the duties of pastor here at that 
time was the mission service of the !Milton 
church, located in the open prairie about three 
miles noi'thwest of the present city of Wheat- 
on. In going to and from this mission Father 
Carolus di'ove a favorite pony of his attached 
to a light buggy. This pony had the habit 
of shying at bridges and culverts, and in 
crossing one such, on May 27, 1861, on a trip 
from the Milton mission, the pony shied and 
threw Father Carolus out of the buggy, al- 
most instantly killing him. Amidst universal 
sorrow he was buried in the parochial ceme- 
tery. 

The i-eligious spirit, infused by him into 
the congregation, however, lived on, and, as 
will be noticed, was the beginning and prob- 
ably the cause of the great material and spir- 
itual prosperity of the parish. 

For about a year and a half following 
Father Carolus' death there was no regular 
resident pastor. Rev. Sullivan of Aurora, 
Rev. Julius Kuenzer, C. S. S. R., and Rev. 
Joseph Mueller, C. S. S. R., the latter two 
from St. Michael's church, Chicago, at fre- 
quent intervals attended the parish needs. 

On October 19, 1862, Rev. Peter Fischer 
became pastor. He was a native of Straub- 
inger, Bavaria, Germany. He was ordained 
priest at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1860, and had 
been a carpenter prior to entering upon his 
studies as a priest. He was a very energetic 
man ; strong in his convictions, a believer in 
rigorous Catholicism, which, however, he did 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hmidred forty-nine 



not hesitate to practice first himself. He was 
a good man, but a stern one. 

Under the pastorate of Father Fischer, 
the land on which the present church is lo- 
cated was purchased in 1864, the deed there- 
for being given on June 27, 1864. In the 
same year the construction of the firet stone 
church was begun, the corner-stone being laid 
on June 12, 1864. The name of the church 
was also changed from "St. Raphael" to "SS. 
Peter aivd Paul," its present name. The or- 
iginal contract price of the edifice was .$18,000, 
the rough building stone to be furnished by 
the parish in addition thereto. To furnish 
this stone the parish purchased a small tract 
of land, lying a short distance south of the 
town, underlying which there was stone, and 
the stone was quarried therefrom and hauled 
to the new building bj' various members of 
the congregation. Severe diflBculties were 
encountered in the construction. The first 
contractor defaulted, after having received 
some $6,000 on his work, and the work had to 
be re-let, the congregation being obliged to 
pay the new contractor upon such re-letting 
the entire original contract price of $18,000, 
without receiving any credit for the work 
already done on the foundation by the first 
contractor. Despite these difficulties the 
church building was completed within very 
nearly the originally contemplated time. 
About this same time additional land was 
purchased adjoining the cemetery. 

Father Fischer left in November, 1864, 
before the new church was dedicated. He 
went first as pastor of St. Peter's church in 
Chicago, and afterward, in 1868, established 
the parish and built the church of St. An- 
thony in that city, of which he was pastor 
until his death. Father Fischer left a record 
as a "church builder," having been instru- 
mental in the construction and supervision .of 
many churches and religious edifices through- 
out the diocese. He was one of Archbishop 
Feehan's confidential advisors. 

Rev. Max Albrecht, a native of Boeckel, 
Westphalia, Germany, succeeded Father 
Fischer as pastor in November, 1864, and re- 
mained here until the summer of 1866. 
Shortly after his arrival here the new church 
was dedicated — during 1864. Thereafter the 
old frame building was used as a parish 
school. Rev. Albrecht afterwards was pastor 
of St. Joseph's church (to 1873) and St. 
Mary's church (to 1876). 

A vacancy of about a month then ensued 
when Rev. William de la Porte became pastor 



in August, 1866. P^ather de la Porte was 
born in Burgsteinfurt, Westphalia, Germany, 
on May 11, 1841, studied the classics and 
philosophy at the gymnasium and academy, 
respectively, at Munster, Westphalia, and the- 
ology at the Seminary of St. Mary of the 
Lake, Chicago, at which latter place he was 
ordained priest on April 15, 1866. 

Under Father de la Porte's pastorate the 
following improvements and additions were 
made to the church and its property : The 
present pipe organ was purcha.sed from 
Joseph Gratian of Alton for $2,300, and was 
first used on August 15, 1869 ; the brick par- 
sonage (now the building occupied by the 
nuns, who teach the pai-ish school) was built 
at a cost of $4,000 ; the sanctuary and steeple 
were added to the church, its exterior ce- 
mented, the interior re-constructed into 
Gothic design, the walls frescoed and new 
pews installed in 1876, at a cost of $18,000. 
Yet, despite all these great and expensive im- 
provements, and despite the debt of approxi- 
mately $8,000 outstanding for the original 
church building when Father de la Porte came 
as pastor, the congregation had only a debt 
of $8,000 when he left in 1878. 

Father de la Porte left here on November 
1, 1878. For a time afterwards he was in- 
structor in the Theological College at St. 
Francis, Wisconsin ; later he assisted Father 
Fischer at St. Anthony 's church, Chicago, and 
in 1882 established the parish of and built the 
Catholic church in Wlieaton, of which he be- 
came pastor. He was a j'oung man when he 
came to Naperville, but already showed the 
excellent constructive and executive ability 
which has marked his later record and fore- 
shadowed a successful career. 

When Father de la Porte left this parish 
■ there were about 230 families in the congre- 
gation, and the parochial school consisted of 
two rooms, with an attendance of about 100 
pupils. 

On November 1, 1878, All Saints' Day, 
Rev. August Wenker succeeded Father de la 
Porte as pastor of this church. Father Wenk- 
er was born February 22, 1850, at Warendorf, 
Westphalia, Germany, the son of a wagon- 
maker. He studied at the parochial school 
of his native town and at the GjTnnasium 
Laurentianun (Laurentian College) there, at 
the Academy at Munster, and at the Amer- 
ican College or Seminar}^ of St. Llauritz at 
Munster — at the latter college taking his the- 
ological course. He was ordained priest at 



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^ev. -P NeuziJ OSB. RevWlIiam Qoka ^p/:J?PuMJaeaerO.S.b. 




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St. Procopius Chupch, Chicago, III. 1(376 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hmidred fifty-one 



the Cathedral of St. Paul at Msnster, on 
May 30, 1874. 

In the same year he immigrated to this 
country, reaching New York on September 
19, 1874. His first appointment was as as- 
sistant to Rev. Ferdinand Kalvelage, then 
pastor of St. Francis church, Chicago. In 
the fall of 1876 he was appointed pastor of 
St. Joseph's church at La Salle, 111., and two 
years, later, entirely unexpected by him, re- 
ceived from Bishop Thomas Foley the ap- 
pointment as pastor of the parLsh at Naper- 
ville. 

Through the efforts of Father Wenker the 
following improvements were made in the 
parish : Carolus Hall, containing four school 
rooms and the pari.sh hall, was built in 1892, 
at a cost of $18,000 ; a magnificent parsonage 
was built at a cost of $12,000, and the lots 
iipon which it stands purchased for $3,000 in 
1903. Various interior artistic ornamenta- 
tions, such as altars, altar rail, stations, orna- 
mental glass windows, statuary and the like — 
aggregating in value a large sum, procured in 
part through donations by individuals and in 
part paid for out of the church fundh — were 
placed in the church. 

Father Wenker died in 1911, and was suc- 
ceeded by Father Bernard J. Schuette. In 
1912 the growth which the parish had at- 
tained required the help of an assistant, and 
Reverend Herman J. Ezell was appointed. 

The parish has a membership of atSout 330 
families, and about half of these live on farms 
in the vicinitj' of the city. The others are 
residents of Naperville and are merchants, 
artisans, professional men, etc. 

The parish has, besides its church edifice, 
a rectory and parochial school, and the ceme- 
tery, and the brick residence occupied by the 
sisters who act as teachers in the school. A 
Catholic school has been maintained by the 
parish since 1850. The present school build- 
ing was erected in 1911 at a co.st of $30,000. 
The average attendance is 250 pupils, and the 
course comprises eight grades. It is a free 
school, and is maintained by the parishioners 
out of the funds of the church. 

Healthy branches of the Holy Name So- 
ciety, Knights of Columbus, Western Catholic 
Union, Catholic Order of Foresters, Carolus 
Guards, St. Aloysius Young Men's Junior 
Holy Name Society, Society of Christian 
Mothers, Women's Catholic Order of Fores- 
ters and St. Mary's Young Ladies Sodality 
exist in the parish. 



MATERNITY — BOURBONNAIS, 1847 
Pioneer Days. 

The firet missionaries visiting the French 
Canadian settlers who founded the town of 
Bourbonnais, came from Vincennes, Indiana. 
A large number of French Canadian colonists 
had settled in the State of Illinois, on the vast 
and rich lands which soon became dotted with 
the prosperous towns of Bourbonnais, St. 
George, Manteno, Mcmience, Kankakee and St. 
Anne, each bearing aloft its spire surmounted 
by a cross that marked the faith of those 
pioneer builders. 

Francis Bourbonnais, an adventurer, who 
had preceded them, and had become identified 
in his mode of life and dress with the Indians, 
had the honor of giving his name to the town 
of Bourbonnais, although he does not seem 
to have been an apostle of the faith. 

Mr. Noel LeVa.sseur, who had been an In- 
dian fur trader for John Jacob Astor of New 
York, and afterwards government agent for 
the Indian reservations of this part of Illinois 
along the Kankakee River, purchased large 
tracts of land and finally established himself 
in 1832 in Bourbonnais Grove, on the site 
where now stands Marsile Alumni Hall of St. 
Viator College. 

Father Crevier was the first priest who 
visited Bourbonnais Grove. The saintly priest 
Maurice de St. Palais, who was consecrated 
Bishop of Vincennes on January 14, 1849, 
stopped several times in Bourbonnais Grove 
on his missionary journeys, making the house 
of Mr. LeVasseur his home and church. 

Father Hipolyte Dupontavice built the 
first church of logs on the site between the 
actual Maternity church and pastoral resi- 
dence. This chapel was erected under the 
patronage of St. Leo. 

Father Stephen Theodore Badin, the first 
priest ordained in the United States of Amer- 
ica by Bishop John Carroll of Baltimore, on 
May 25, 1793, was also a famous French mis- 
sionary in the parish of Bourbonnais, which 
in those days meant the whole of Kankakee 
County and, indeed, a little more. The last 
visit of Very Rev. Father Badin to Bourbon- 
nais Grove took place on June 13, 1846, when 
this venerable priest was in the seventy-eighth 
year of his age and the fifty-third year of his 
priesthood. 

Rev. Renne Cotirjault (1847-1852). 
On April 29, 1847, Rev. Rene Courjaiilt 
came from Vincennes to Chicago, and after 
three days' retreat in the Seminary received 




Jie7.FJJarrr 

St. Mary's Church. Lake Forest, III. 1675 




St James Church, irwin. III. 1^76 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred fifty-three 



faculties from Right Rev. William Quarter, 
first Bishop of Chicago, and was sent to Bour- 
boiinais Grove as the first resident pastor of 
the Church of St. Leo. 

Father Courjaiilt opened the first records 
of baptisms, marriages and funerals on May 
13, 1847, and took a first census of the con- 
gregation of the town in September, 1847, re- 
cording a Catholic population of 77 families, 
embracing 471 souls. 

On October 16, 1847, Bishop Quarter came 
from Joliet to Bourbonnais Grove, and on the 
next day, Sunday, Feast of the Maternity, ad- 
ministered the Sacrament of Confirmation to 
a class of 82 children. Bishop( Quarter's 
diary says of Bourbonnais Grove: "This 
congregation is composed almost exclusively 
of Canadian French ; the present pastor is 
Rev. Mr. Courjault, a native of France. The 
congregation is increasing daily, especially by 
immigration from Lower Canada. A new 
church is about to be erected and dedicated 
under the invocation of the B. V. M. of the 
Nativity. ' ' 

On February 15, 1849, the corner-stone of 
a new church was blessed by the Rev. Pastor 
Courjault, delegated for the occasion by the 
Very Rev. Walter J. Quarter, vicar-general 
of the diocese, with the permission of the 
newly consecrated Bishop of Chicago, Right 
Rev. James Oliver Van de Velde. The rev- 
erend pastor was assisted by Rev. John Inglos- 
by, pastor of Joliet, and Rev. Jeremiah An- 
thony Carius, a missionary from Indiana. It 
was necessary to erect this church, a large 
frame building, to replace the log church, 
which had become too small for the growing 
congregation. This church was dedicated to 
Divine Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 
It stood on the site of the present pastoral 
residence. 

On April 21, 1849, Rev. P. Connolly was 
sent to Bourbonnais Grove by Bishop Van de 
Velde, to supply the place of Father Cour- 
jault, who had obtained permission to visit 
Canada, for the purpose of raising funds for 
building the church. 

On September 19. 1849, Bishop Van de 
Velde left C'hicago for Joliet, and the next 
day he left this place for Bourbonnais Grove, 
where he arrived at night." On the following 
morning the bishop said Mass and heard con- 
fessions. On the 23rd. Sunday, he said an 
early Mass at which 23 children made their 
First Communion. The High Mass was sung 
by Father Courjault. after which the bishop 
gave an instruction in Frendi and confinned 



165 persons. Solemn Vespers in plain chant 
were sung, after which the children renewed 
their baptismal vows. The bishop received 
38 persons into the Confraternity of the Scap- 
ular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, and ad- 
ministered the pledge of total abstinence to 
92 persons of both sexes. On the 24th a Sol- 
emn Mass of thanksgiving was sung by the 
bishop in Pontificals, at which 42 persons re- 
ceived Holy Communion. Bishop Van de 
Velde 's diary says: "There were 417 Com- 
munions during the three days. The members 
of the congregation amounted, on January 1, 
to 1,300, and now 1,600, always increasing. 
The members of the Temperance Society num- 
ber 337, and those of the Arch-Confraternity 
to 164, besides those who became members in 
Canada. Those enrolled in the Scapular 
amount to 169. A log church hitherto served 
them, but the foundations of a large frame 
church, 110 by 50, have been commenced this 
year, and it is hoped that the church will be 
completed before winter. The pastor is zeal- 
ous and active." 

The last ceremony which took place in the 
old log church, on January 17, 1850, was the 
marriage of Eloi Bergeron with Julie Fortier, 
and the first ceremony that was performed in 
the new frame building, on January 20, 1850, 
was the baptism of Alfred Delaunary, born on 
the 18th, son of Simon Delaunary and 
Aurelie Lefevre. 

On May 28, 1850, Bishop Van de Velde 
left Chicago for Bourbonnais Grove, via Blue 
Island and Momence, and arrived at Bour- 
bonnais on the 29th. The bishop heard con- 
fessions in the evening, and the next day, 
being Thur.sday of Corpus Christi, the bishop 
said Mass at 7 o'clock, giving First Com- 
munion to 48 children. The High Mass was 
sung by Rev. Patrick J. Donahue, after which 
Confirmation was given to 63 persons. After 
Vespei's the bishop gave an exhortation in 
French and received the renewal of baptismal 
vows. On the 31st took place the closing of 
the month of Jlay, with about 84 communions. 
On June 1 the bishop spent nearly all day in 
hearing confessions, and on June 2, being the 
second Sunday after Pentecost, a Solemn High 
Mass was sxing by the bishop, and the .sermon 
was given by Father Donahue. After Mass 
took place the procession of the Bles.sed Sacra- 
ment. After dinner the bishop sang solemn 
Vespers, blessed the beads and the scapulars, 
and administered the pledge to several per- 
sons. On this same day, after Vespers, with 
tile iiennission of the bisluip. Rev. Patrick J. 



+ <- 



•^-o- 





J2eu:ail-J)oimjh 




I St. Jerome's Church, Rogers Park, III. 1677 | 




St. Agnes' Church, Chicago, III. 1Q75 



I 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred fifty- five 



Donaliue blessed tiie ^'raveyard attaclied to 
the Church of the Maternity. The whole 
number of eommuuieaiits duriii!>: the pastoral 
visitation was over 400. 

On April 14, 1852, tiie bishop drove from 
Joliet to Bourboniiais Grove, and the next 
day, Thursday after Eastei-, he sang a Pon- 
tifical Mass and gave confirmation to a class 
of 107 children. 

Rev. B. \\'ie!i (1852). 
Father Courjault left Bourbonnais Grove 
on May 1, 1852, and was replaced by Rev. B. 
Wieg, who remained in Bourbonnais until 
November 25 of the same year. 

Father Wieg (L. Iluicq) helped Father 
Courjault in Bourbonnais from April 22, 
1851, and became his regular assistant on Jan- 
uary 14, 1852, until he replaced him as pastor. 
After he left Bourbonnais Grove he went to 
Chicago, and afterwards was appointed pastor 
of Beaver Creek (St. Anne) and Iroquois 
(St. Mary) on January 9, Sunday, 1853, re- 
placing Father Gosselin, who left for Mil- 
waukee. 

Rev. Charles Chiniqun (1852-1853). 

Rev. Charles Chiniquy arrived in Chicago 
on October 29, 1851, and visited Bourbonnais 
Grove and the towns of the vicinity several 
times, but took charge of the parish of Bour- 
bonnais only on November 28, 1852. 

On May 25, 1853, Bishop \em de Velde 
left Chicago for Bourbonnais Grove by the 
Illinois Central railroad and was met at the 
station by a number of horsemen and car- 
riages with flags. There was a reception at 
the church. The next day being Corpus 
Christi day, the bishop said first Mass. At 
High Mass, sung by Rev. Lawrence Iloey, he 
gave Confirmation to 84 persons. 

In September, 1853, fire destroyed the 
frame church, and Father Chiniquy left for 
St. Anne. The priest, after having been ac- 
cused of several misdemeanors, resisted the 
bishop and was publicly and solemnly ex- 
communicated in St. Anne by Right Rev. An- 
thony "Regan, Bishop of Chicago, on Sep- 
tember 3, 1856. 

Rev. ./. Maistre (1853-1854). 
Rev. J. Maistre (Lemaitre) formerly pas- 
tor of Cahokia, Illinois, was transferred to 
Bourbonnais Grove on September 17, 1853. 
He remained in office until November 3, 1854. 
Befoi'e he left the treasurer of the church, 
John Flageole, made a report of the financial 
condition of the parish, in the presence of the 



retiring pa.stor, to Rev. Isidore Antoine Lebel, 
who came from Chicago to take charge of the 
congregation. 

Father Lebel, who arrived in Chicago from 
Canada on November 1, 1850, was sent by 
Bishop 'Regan to take charge of the parish 
of Bourbonnais on November 3, 1854. 

The first move of the new pastor was to 
appoint a committee of trustees to supervise 
the administration of the parish affairs. The 
members of the committee were : The rever- 
end pastor, president ex-officio ; John Flageole, 
trea.snrer ; Henry Boucher, Jacob Pilotte, Eloi 
Bergeron. Joseph Rivard, Antoine Marcotte, 
Sr., and Andre Martin. The congregation 
approved this plan, but added eighteen other 
members to the board. 

Father Lebel seems to have been a man 
of great ability and a skillful administrator. 
He gave plans for a beautiful church to re- 
place the frame edifice lately burned. Unfor- 
tunately neither Father Lebel nor his suc- 
cessors could succeed in their efforts to realize 
the plans. The most willing among the peo- 
ple took into their own hands the building of 
the church ; however, they cut it seventy feet 
shorter than the plans called for, and made 
the walls several feet lower. They omitted 
all architectural embellishments, and so lost 
the opportunity of making of this stone build- 
ing the most beautiful temple of the whole 
region. This church was not completed \in- 
ti! 1858. 

In December, 1854, Father Lebel founded 
an Altar Society for the benefit of the church, 
and the first members enlisted were : The Mis- 
tresses Eloi Bergeron, Antoine Marcotte, 
Alexis Bergeron, Henri Boucher, Fabian 
Fraser, Alexis Dandurand and Augustin 
Fraser. 

Rev. Isidore A. Lebel left tlie parish at 
the end of the year 1855, to continue his mis- 
sionary work in the diocese of Sandwich, Can- 
ada, until he was appointed pastor of the 
Church of St. Augustine at Kalamazoo, Mich- 
igan, where he died on March 30, 1871. His 
remains were transferred from that place and 
buried in the church of Bourbonnais on April 
23. 1872. 

Rev. Louis Cartuyvels (1855-1856). 

On December 16, 1855, Rev. Louis Car- 
tuyvels, a Belgian priest, who had chai'ge of 
the town of Kankakee, and of the missions 
of St. George, Manteno and L'Erable, was 
appointed pastor of Bourboiniais by Bi.shop 
O 'Regan. 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred fiftt/seven 



Oil .Marcli 2, iS.Ki, Fallicr ( 'iirtiiyvflN ;i|)- 
poiiitcd a s|i('cial coinmittcc for the const riic 
tioii (if tlic clmrrli. The meiiihcrs were: Tlif 
rcvereiul pasfor, president and seeretary ; 
John Fhij>:eoJe, tj'casiirer; Andre iMartin, .lean 
Baptiste Martin, Josepli Kivard and Francois 
Sefriiin. who was i'e|)laced liy .Moise lje<rris on 
September 7. 

Father Carliiyvcls was iiclpcd in his woi'k 
hy Rev. Isaac Ijcsieiir-Desaiiiniers, a Canatliaii 
priest, wiio ai'rived in Bourhonnais in Novem- 
ber, ^Sr)6. On December 27, Of the same 
yeai-, Fatlier Cartiiyvels left for Aurora. 

h'rr. Isddr Drxa iihiicr.s (1856-1857). 

This intellifi'ent and pious priest was the 
superior of St. II.\-acint]i Seminary in Lowei- 
(^anada. lie worked with a jireat zeal, dui'in<r 
several months, to keep witliin the fold a irreat 
luimber of Canadians who were inclined to 
follow Father (Miini(piy in his revolt a<rainst 
the Catholic Church. 

Father Desauliiiers took charge of the par- 
ish on Deceniber 7, 1856, but went back to 
Canada on June 4, 1857, and died in St. 
Hyacinth Seminary on April 22, 1868. 

Rrv. Alexis Mailloiis (1857-1860). 

Rev. Alexis JIailloux, cue of the most dis- 
tinjruished of the man.v noted priests of Can- 
ada in those days, the saintly vicar-jreueral of 
Quebec, "Le Grand-\'ieaire Mailloux."" as the 
people .still call him, came to Bourbonnais on 
March 26, 1857, with Rev. Jeau-Baptiste 
Champean, from Montreal. Father JIailloux 
took possession of the parisii of Bourbonnais 
on ilay 1, and Father Champeau was given 
charge of "Les Petites lies." 

Father ilailloux was assisted in his min- 
istry by good and obliging fellow-priests of 
the neighborhood, as Rev. C. Brisard, pastor 
of L'Erable; Rev. J. B. Champeau, of ^t. 
George; Rev. Epiphane Lapointe, who arrived 
from Canada in October, 1857, and was sent 
to Kankakee witli the missions of St. Mary 
and St. Anne. There were al.so visiting priests 
from Canada, as Rev. Joseph-Necree Gingras 
and Rev. Jean-Louis Alain. The Very Rev. 
Jean-Baptiste Brouillet, vicar-general of the 
diocese of Xes((ualy. Washington Tei-ritory, 
visited Bourbonnais Grove in June, 18oi). 

In the fall of 1858 Rev. Louis-Theodore 
Bernard, Rev. Antoine-Lucien Legier, O. M. I., 
awd Rev. Ansutin-Alexandre Brunet, O. ^I. I., 
came to Bourbonnais to preach the word of 
God and the true faith in order to win back 
to the Catholic Church the unfortunate Ca- 
nadians of Illinois who had fallen awa\'. and 



to strcngtlioi thiisc who wavci'cd in their 
faith. 

FalhiT l;rniirl tiinglit with an ai)ostoli<' 
zeal for the Catholic faith. At one time he 
was sued befoiv the court, condemned and 
kept in a tiltliy pri.son for si.x months. A boy 
liy tlic iiaiiic of Levi Bachant, brought him his 
food and served his Mass every d;.iy. Finally 
he was delivered fi-om prison during the night 
by Alexis Bessette and driven to Detroit by 
-losepli E. Labrie, father of Rev. Armand- 
Lonis Labrie, now jiastor of the Cliuivh of St. 
Patrick at .Moiiience. 

('(itholic Sihools. 

Tlirongli his great intlueiice in ( 'anada 
Father ^lailloux succeeded in bringing the 
Sisters of the Congi'egation -of Notre Dame 
from iMontreal to open a school for girls in 
Bourbonnais Grove. This school, from its 
humble beginning, developed into an academy, 
evei- since so prosperous and so useful, as a 
center of learning and of Christian life. 

Before that time some attempt to have a 
Catholic French school for the town had been 
made, but without success. As early as 1852, 
four Sisters of Mercy left Chicago on Febru- 
ary 20, to form an establishment at Bourbon- 
nais, one of them being Sister St. Genevieve 
(Sophie Granger) but the good and devoted 
sisters had to leave after two years of hard 
labor and privation. I\Irs. George Lambert, 
nee Labrie, kept a Frendi Catholic school for 
boys and girls in about 1856 in the house 
where now lives Mr. Henri Messier. In 1857, 
the Sisters of the Holy Cross came from South 
Bend, Indiana, to take charge of the village 
.school for gii-ls. The.v located in a stone 
house situated on a lot which is now the open- 
ing of Roy Street, and belonging to Jean-Bap- 
tiste Caron, who lived in the house now the 
residence of ^Ir. Alfred II. Senesae. The 
superior of that school. Sister Euphrosine, 
Sister St. Pierre, Sister Raphael, Sister Clem- 
entine taught English and Fi-eiich, and Sister 
Eulalic had charge of the manual labor. A 
small frame hfiuse, east of the .stone school 
building, was used for the little ones. These 
sisters left after two years and ivtui-ned to 
South Bend. 

The public school .system was established in 
Bourbonnais in 1887. The first school was 
of logs, and is now the main part of Mrs. 
Charles 11. Hyroii's (1!n8) i-esidence. Among 
tlx' early teachers of that school was Mr. M. O. 
Clark, who later was a iirominent citizen of 
?Joiiicnce. .\ \dnng nian of 20. li\ the name 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred fifty-nine 



of CliarU's IJiclianl Starr. wIki tan^lit in tliat 
school in 1844-4;"). htvaiiit' at'ti'i'ward.s tlic fam- 
ous .IiulfJfo Starr of Kankakee. In 1847-48 
the school wa.s kept hy Mr. .left' Coatc. Later 
on the vilhige |)ublie sehool was located on 
the hill faeinji' the present residence .of the 
Jlisses Dandurand. In 18o!), in sjjite of tlie 
)ir()test of Father Mailloux, who urH'i'd the 
hiuldinfr of a t'atholic colIe<re in Boiirhonnais, 
a raliier elaborate district school for hoys was 
Imilt. This was a two-story stone linildinfi of 
sixt\- feet by thirty, situated about :iO{) feet 
from the southwest cornel' of the cliurcii. 
When the Viatorians canu> in 1865 the Bi'otli- 
ers began to teach in this house, which they 
soon bought from the school board for $li.O()l). 
payable in teaching. 

Rev. Neree Giugras (1860-1863). 

Rev. Jo.seph-Neree Giugras came from 
Canada in October, 185J), and helped Father 
Mailloux ill his parish work. When Father 
Maill'ux went to ilontreal, the next summer, 
for the purpose of bringing to Bourbotuiais 
some Sisters of the Congregation of Notre 
Dame, Father Giugras was left in charge of 
the parish and was appointed pastor by tlie 
Right Rev. James Dnggan. Bishop of Cliicago, 
on June 24, 1800. 

Father Mailloux came back from Canada 
with three si.sters, viz. : Mother St. Alexis de 
Saint-Joseph, snpei'ior; Sister St. Alphouse de 
Liguori and Sister St. .Marie de la Victoire, 
The party arrived in Kankakee on September 
21, 1860, and the new pastor of Bourboniiais 
met them at tlie station with many |iarisliion- 
ers, who drove the sisters to Bonrboniuiis and 
installed them in the stone house of Mr. Jean- 
Baptiste Carou, that hatl been already used as 
the village school. On January 26, 1861, the 
sisters moved on the other side of the street, 
in the twe-story building that was erected at 
the expense of the township in 1859. The 
sisters remained in that school until their new 
quarters were ready. On May 20, 1865, they 
broke the ground for their new school and 
erected a frame building on the site where is 
now the parterre of Notre Dame Academy. 
This building was enlarged in the course of 
years. In the year of the Golden Jubilee 
of the coming of the sisters at Bourboniiais, 
in lyiO, the old convent was replaced by ii 
magnificent substantial con.struction. 

Mother St. Alexis was replaced in 1871 by 
Mother St. INIarcelline, who was replaced in 
1886 by Mother St. Marie de la ilerci. In 
March, I'JOO, :M()ther St. .Marie de la Merci left 



on iiccoiint of her poor iicalth, and was re- 
phici'd i)y .Mothei- St. ilarie (\m Cenacle, who 
built the new convent in litlO, and was re-- 
placed in ]!)16 by Mother St. Firmine. 

The district school for girls was always 
taught by the Sisters of the Congregation of 
Xotre Dame in their school and convent 
since 1860. 

After he left Bourbonnais, Father Mail- 
loux labored in Kankakee for two years, and 
went back to Canada. lie retired to St. Henri 
(|e hanzon, where he died in the ordor of sanc- 
tit.\', on August 4, 1877. 

On November 1:>, IStiO. Bishop Duggan 
visited Bourbonnais Grove and contirmed a 
class of l:i7 children. 

In 1861, Father Giugras took a census of 
the Catholic ]>opulation of Bourbonnais and 
lecorded 'M2 families, embracing 1,500 souls.. 

During the pastorate of Father Giugras 
the Civil War took place, and the brave Can- 
adians of the State of Illinois enlisted in the 
76th Kegiment, Infantry. In Company D we 
tiiul the names of Captain Francois Scguin, 
replaced in 1864 by Captain Charles O. Sa- 
voie. Lieutenant Noel Bro.sseau, Lieutenant 
Ed. ]\Iartin and 39 priva'-t's of the town of 
Bonrboniuiis. 

Rer. Dui-roux (1863-1864). 

Fatlier Giugras left Bourbonnais Grove on 
August 30. 1863, and di;d at St. Gervais, 
Lower Canada, on March 16. 1893. He was 
replaced by Father Ducroux, a French mis- 
sionary, born in Switzerland. This holy priest 
left Bourbonnais on October 18, 1864, and 
went to China, where he received the crown 
of a glorious martjrdom. 

RpA\ Jacques Cote (1864-1865). 

Father Cote came to the I'nited States in 
1859. After having been in Chicago for some 
years, lie was appointed pastor of Kankakee 
in November, 1862. and was given the pastor- 
ate of Bonrboniuiis on October 30, 1864. 

On November 2, 1864, Bishop Duggan 
came to Bourbonnais Grove and gave Con- 
firmation to a class of 213 children. 

On February 5, 1865, with the authoriza- 
tion of the bishoi), father Cote, assisted by 
Rev. Joseph :\I. Langlois,- pa.stor of Kankakee, 
and Rev. Pierre Paradis, jiastor of St. George 
(les Petities-lles, blessed a bell for the church 
of Bourboiuiais. 

Father Cote, like, Vicar-General Mailloux, 
was thinking very seriously of establishing a 
boys" college in Bourbonnais. The Catholic 
French '_'irls were well taken care of, but the 




St. Gabriel's Church. Chicago, III. ISSO 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred sixty-one 



boys had no school. The district sciiool was 
in the hands of secular teachers, some of wlioni 
were not Catholics. Inimediately after his 
appointment to the pastorate of nrturhonnais 
he wrote to the Provincial of the Canadian 
A'iatorians, nrjrently pleadinjr for hi'others to 
take charjre of his school for hoys. i.,atci' on, 
he went in jicrson to plead his cause, and of- 
fered to resio'ii his parish to a \'iatoriari priest 
who would he the i)astor of Hourhoiuiais and 
the superior of tile brothers and of the school. 
On September (i, 186"), Rev. Pierre Heaudoin, 
C. S. v., arrived in Mourbonnais Grove with 
two brothers, .lean-liaptiste Ho-naid and 
AufTUstin Jlartel. 

Father Cote, who had so <reneronsly i-e- 
signed liis pai'isii, hecame assistant at St. 
Mary's church in Chicajro, startiiifr to build 
a French parish, which is now l^a Paroisse de 
Notre Dame de Chicajjc). Afterwai'ds Father 
Cote had charge of the Sacred Heart parish in 
Aurora, and fiiiall.v j-etired in ISiUJ. Father 
Cote died in Levis, near Quebec, on March 1, 
Iflll, at the a«re of S'J. 

Hrr. Pierre Beaiidoiii. C. S. V. (186ri-190()K 

Father Beaudoiii took possession of the 
parish of J^onrbonnais on September 10, 1865, 
and the brothers, after havinji' received their 
certificates from the Kankakee Superintend- 
ent of Public Schools, beg:an to teach in the 
recently erected district school, the school be- 
infr at first both ])ublie and ]iar()chial. The 
parochial school soon developed into a com- 
mercial college, and in 1868 it became a class- 
ical school under tlie presidency of Rev. 
Tlumias Roy, C. S. \'. In 1870 a new stone 
structure was erected and in 187-t a Cnivei-s- 
ity charter was olitained from tiie Illinois 
State Legislature. In 187f) Father Roy went 
back to Canada and died on July 16. 187!l. 
Rev. Moise-Jnseph ^larsile, ( '. S. \'.. was ap- 
pointed president of St. ^'iator College. Tlie 
new president built the beautiful Roy Me- 
morial Chapel of the Sacred Heart and the 
Bernard G.vmnasium. Unfortunately these 
magniticent piles were swept away by fire <>" A 
the evening of February 21, 1906, with tly>*^ 
exception of the recently built gymnasium. 
The alumni and friends of the college gener- 
ously responded to the appeal for aid and soon 
two substantial buildings were erected, Mar- 
sile Alumni Hall and Roy ilemorial Hall. In 
1907 Father IMarsile, worn out by his labors 
and worries, resigned his office and was re- 
placed by Rev. John P. O'Mahoney, C. S. V. 

The district school continued to be iau'gbt 



in the same building witii the college until 
1891, when a two-story frame building was 
ei-cctcd at the northwest corner of College 
Aveiuie and Roy Street. 

On March 24. 1867, Father Reandoin, with 
the authorization of Bishop Duggan, Ijlessed 
a large bell to i-eplace the fii'st bell that had 
'broken some time before. 

In this same year, 1867, on May •!!, Rev. 
Leon Hoisvert, C. S. \'., jiastor of St. Mary 
and St. Anne, was bui'ied in the Maternity 
cliurch of Hourbonnais, under the altar of St. 
Joseph, b\- Father Heaudoin, assisted by Rev. 
Auguste Jlarechal, pastor of Kankakee, and 
Rev. Pierre Paradis, pastor of St. (Jeorge. 

On June 8, 1870, Confirmation was given 
to a class of 18.') children by Right Rev. Thom- 
as Fole.v, Bishop of Pergamus and adminis- 
trator of the Diocese of Chicago. The next 
da.\' the l)ishop, at the rctjuest of the pastor 
and trustees of the church, consented to the 
erection of a house for the pastor's residence 
to replace the stone house that was in nse up 
to that time, and located in front of Roy 
Street. Bishop Foley came again to Bour- 
boiniais on October 8, 1874, to give confirma- 
tion to a class of 181 children, and on October" 
2, 1877, to confirm a class of 113 children. 

On June 16, 1875, after the great proces- 
sion of the Blessed Sacrament, Father Beau- 
doiu consecrated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus 
his whole parish with the college and convent. 

On Jaiuiarv o, 1876, a pipe organ was in- 
stalled in the church. 

On :\Iay 14, 1876, Rev. Thomas Roy, C. S. 
y., president of St. Viator College, established 
in the parish the Third Order of St. Francis, 
and received the profession of the ^Mistresses 
Phebe Caron, Cleophee Legris, Luce Bei"geron, 
Emerentienne Caron and Julie Bergeron. 

On June 8, 1881, the Most Rev. Patrick A. 
Feehan, tlu' tirst Archbisliop of Chicago, made 
his fii-st visit to Bourbonnais and confirmed a 
class of 131 children. His Grace came again 
on June 17, 1885, and gave confirmation to 
143 eliildren : on June 1, 1889, for a class of 
115. children,- and on >Ma.v 15, 1894, and con- 
firmed 142 children. 

On January 31, 1882, Mrs. Jean-Baptiste 
Carol!, nee Phebe Sylvestre, who died on the 
27tli. at the age of 47 years, was buried. The 
records relate her funeral in these words: 
Cefte flame, par sa picte ef con (jrand zele 
pour la f/luire de T)ieit a etabti dniis hi paroisse 
In Sociefe des Dames dc la Maternite de la 
B. v. M. xoKS le pafronnj/e de Saiiite Anne. 
Aii-fsi ill I' II I'll' II mil' dii Tiers - Ordre de 



■o-o- 




Rev C/idsdMertens 



t 



I Immaculate Conceptionj Chupch. Chicago. III. ]<S>g>5 | 




Assumption Church, Chjcaco, III. ISOl 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred sixty-three 



Suint-Frdiifolx. Li ('(jiicoM's ii srs liiner- 
alllrs <i rfi (j-traordliKiirc. Tout h nwiuh Ui 
considerc comme iiiic Saixtr. Eu recampctisc 
de sa piete et dc scs yencrcii.c service.'i pour 
rEylise, nous demandonx tous a Dieu "Qu( 
s(i joie et sa (/loirr soiciit l>rill(nitcs cti cicl. 
A)iicii." Rev. Gerasime M. Legris of St. Viator 
CoUefTo, her nephew, saiifr the funeral Mass. 
assisted by Rev. Aehille Ij. Ber;,'eron, i)astor 
of ilauteno, and. Rev. Joseph Lesage, pastor 
of St. George, all three eliildren of the jiarisli 
and pupils of St. ^'iator College. 

On Xovember 14. 1882, Sister St. Ignaee. 
ner ^Marie-Louise Edasse Paieinent, \vh<i died 
at Xotre Dame Convent on the 11th. was 
buried in the ehiireh under the altai' of the 
Blessed Virgin !Mary. 

On October 27, 1884, after niudi labor and 
an.xiety, Father lieaiuloin bought a piece of 
land on tiie River Road for the purpose of 
opening a new cemetery for the parish. 

On December 13, 1887, during the Synod 
that was kept in Chicago for the clergy of the 
archdiocese under the presidency of the ]\Iost 
Rev. Patrick A. Feehan, Father Beaudoin 
was elected as a member of the Board of 
School E.xaminers and also appointed Rural 
Dean for the Connty of Kankakee. 

During his administration Father Bea\i- 
doin was greatly helped by his confreres of 
St. Viator College, especially by Rev. Thomas 
Roy, C. S. v., the president"; Rev. M. J. jMar- 
sile, C. S. v., and Rev. Antoine Mainville, 
C. S. v., who did a great part of his work by 
preaching, singing JIass and administering 
the Sacraments. 

In 1890, Father Beaudoin went to Europe 
as a delegate of the Province to the General 
C'hapter of his Institute. Father JIarsile, 
preident of St. Viator College, replaced him 
■with the help of Rev. Eugene L. Rivard, C. 
S. v., professor of philosophy at St. Viator 
College, and now Provincial of the American 
Viatorians. and Rev. Joseph-Esdras Laberge. 
professor of theology at St. Viator College, 
and now pastor of the most important parish 
of the City of Quebec, Canada. 

On Augu.st 27, 1890, Brother Bernard. C. 
S. v., the founder of the Catholic village 
school for boys in 1865, was buried in the 
parish cemetery. He died on the 25th, at the 
age of 58. " Le ban Monsieur Bernard." as 
he was called, was the treasurer of St. Viator 
College since 1868, and he administered the 
finances of this institution with a great ability. 

In the fall of 1890, Brother Philias La- 
branche, C. S. V., sacristan of the church and 



Icaclicr af llir village school, organized a so- 
dalitx' ol' tlir Holy (iuaidian .\iiircls among 
the lioys. 

Ill IcSit.'i. a strain heating apparatus wa.s 
installed in the cliurcli of Hoiirbonnais, and 
re])laced the old system of stoves, which 
jiroved unsatisfaetory.- 

On May 1, 1899. the Right Rev. Alexander 
.1. ilc(iavick, one of the most distinguished 
jiupils of St. \'iator College, was consecrated 
Titular Bisho]) of Marcopolis, and on the 
fourth i)aid a fifth visit to his Alma Mater, 
aiui gave coiifiiniatioii in .Mateniity eliiiivh to 
82 bo_\-s and 81 girls. 

Every year a pastoral retreat of the rev- 
erend clergy of Chicago and of Peoria was 
made at St. Viator College, and it was a glor- 
ious time for Father Beaudoin, who always 
gave the Archbishop of Chicago or the Bishop 
of Peoria a princely reception. A hearty 
welcome was extended also to all the priests, 
and F"ather Beaudoin was for them a paternal 
confessor and a wise and prudent advisor. 

Father Beaudoin often procured for his 
people the advantages of a mission, and many 
remember Rev. Alphone Daze, O. M. I. ; Rev. 
T. Couet, O. P. ; Rev. Edmond Flynn, C. SS. 
R., and many others. The last mission that 
Father Beaudoin had for his parishioners was 
given by two Jesuit missionaries, Rev. Ed- 
nard Proulx, S. J., and Rev. Ignaee Adam, 
S. J., from the first to the eighth of October, 
1899. During the mission Father Adam 
established the Apostleship' of Prayer in the 
parish. 

On May 13, 1900, Rev. Thomas Andrew 
Corcoran, C. S. V., replaced Rev. Cyrille 
Fournier, C. S. V., at the head of the Amer- 
ican Province of the Viatorians, and with the 
consent of the Archbishop of Chicago, gave his 
resignation and retired from the active min- 
istry. However, . the ■ venerable priest re- 
mained in Bourbonnais, among his friends 
and children, in an addition to the pastor's 
residence, erected by the Viatorians in Janu- 
ary, 1903. Mi.ss Amanda Beaudoin. his niece, 
who had lived with him since 1869. continued 
to take care of him, and more than ever re- 
doubled her kind attentions towards him. 

On October 25, 1911, Father Beaudoin 
celebrated the golden .iubilee of his priest- 
hood. It was a grand demonstration. The 
venerable priest died on May 1, 1913, on the 
feast of the Ascension, at the age of 80. The 
funeral took place on the 5th, and was pre- 
sided over by the ^lost Rev. James Edward 
Quigley. Archbishop of Chicago. 



+ 
6 



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^L + 








]feir. JR. n'-Nichoh liev. W. E Burk e 







Ms^rD.J.Riordan 




St. Elizabeth's Church, Chicago, III. 1661 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hiwdred sixty-five 



Rev. Cyrille Foiiniler. C. S. V. (l!)0()-l!tOS). 

Rev. Cyrille FouriiitT, (". S. \'., had been 
the Provincial of the Viatorians in tiie I'nited 
States, sinee Oetohei-. 1882, when he i-es-ijined 
his office and accepted the pastorate of Hour- 
bonnais, .on May i:{, 1!)()0. He was a zealous 
pastor, remarkable for ills tireless assiduity 
in the confessional, and for iiis care of tiie sick. 

On June 18, liH):!, Rif,dit Rev. P. .1. Mul- 
doon, consecrated Titular Bisliop of Tainas- 
sus, visited Bourbonnais and frave continna- 
tiou to a da.ss of 180 children. 

In October, l!t03, a {Treat mission was frivcu 
to the parish by two Redemptionist Fathers. 
Rev. Charles Adelard Barolet, C. 8S. R., and 
Rev. Louis P^ortier, C. SS. R. 

On February 28, 1905, Rev. Frederick 
Dandurand, a child of the parish and a priest 
of the diocese of Fort Wa.vne, Indiana, who 
died on the 26tli at the ajre of 34, was buried 
in Maternity cemetery by Rev. Robert -1. 
Pratt, pa.stor of Wabash, Indiana, assisted b.\- 
Rev. E. L. Rivard. V. S. V., of St. '\'iator Col 
lege, and Rev. William H. Grander of Kdii- 
kakee. 

In the sunnuer of 1905, Father Fournier 
took a trip to Europe to represent his pro- 
vince at a General Chapter of his Institute. 
He was replaced during his absence by Rev. 
Joseph- George Vien, C. S. V., who remained 
afterward in Bourboiniais as an assistant 
until 1908. 

On February 25, 1907, Rev. Joseph Le- 
sage, a child of the parish, and pastor of 
Aurora, who died on the 21st at the age of 
53, was buried in Bourbonnais cemetery. 

In May, 1908, two Redemptionist Fathers. 
Rev. C. Lemire, C. SS. R., and Rev. L. For- 
tier, C. SS. R., gave a mission to tlie jiarish 
from the 8th to 15th. 

On June 17. 1908, Arcldiishop (^uigley 
visited Bourbonnais and gave confirmation to 
a class of 159 cjiildren. 

On September 8, 1908, failing health com- 
pelled Father P^ournier to resign the pastor- 
ate of Bourbonnais. This saintl.v priest re- 
tired to St. Viator College, where he died on 
November 13, 1910, at the age of 68. lie was 
buried in Bourbonnais cemetery on the 15th. 

Rev. M. T. Dufjas, C. S. Y. (1908-1912). 

Rev. Marie-Tancrede Dugas, C. S. V., who 
had been pastor at Beaverville for six years, 
took charge of the parish of Bourbonnais on 
September 8, 1908. In this year he registered 
a Catholic population of 205 families, embrac- 
ing 1,044 souls. 



During his pastorate Fatlier Dugas wa-S 
assisted by Rev. J. E. Belair, C. S. V. (1909), 
Rev. C. J. St. Amant, ('. S. V. (1910-1911), 
and Rev. W. J. Keiniliard, C. S. V. (1912). 

In the summer of l!t09, Fatlier Dugas went 
to Europe to take part in the General Chapter 
rif his Institute. He was replaced during his 
absence by his assistant. Father Belair. 

In 1910 Father Dugas organized the Cath- 
olic Cemetery As.sociation of Bourboiniais. A 
special committee to take care of the cemetery, 
both old' and new, was elected, and the first 
members were: Alexis Rivard, iiresident ; 
P'rederick Marcotte, secretary and treasurer, 
and Damase Benoit, superintendent. In the 
same year a great mission was given to the 
])arisli from April 24 to May 1, by Rev. Louis 
Lalande, S. J. At the end of the mission 
P'ather Lalande established "La Li(/uf du 
Siure-Cofur d< Jrnus," which still does so 
mucii good among tiie men of the parish, both 
young and old. 

On June 5, 1911, Bishop INIcGavick gave 
confirmation in ^Maternity church of Bourbon- 
nais to a class of 55 children. • 

In December, 1912, P^ither Dugas, on ac- 
count of his failing liealth, recjuested from his 
superiors the favor of going back to Canada. 
This was granted, and P"'ather Dugas left for 
^Montreal, December 9, 1912. 

Rev. J. A. Charlebois, C. S. V.. (1912-1918). 

Rev. Joseph-Antoine Ciiarlebois, (*. S. V., 
arrived in Bourbonnais on Decend)er 5. 1912, 
and took possession of the parish the following 
Sunday, December 8, P\'ast of the Immacidate 
Conception. His assistants were : Rev. \V. J. 
Remillard, C. S. V. (1913) : Rev. Xyste Gag- 
non, C. S. V. (1915) ; Rev. Esdras-Guillaume 
Barrette (1916), and Rev. J. H. Hazen, C. 
S. V. (1917). 

Til 1915, from the 21st to the 28th of 
]\Iarcli, two Oblate Fathers, Rev. Zacharie 
Lacasse, 0. i\I. I., and Rev. Arthur Dallairs, 
0. M. I., gave a mission to the parish. The 
next year Rev. Louis Lalande, S. J., preached 
a Triduum in the honor of the Sacred Heart 
of Jesus, on June 2, 3 and 4. 

On October 10, 1916, iNIost Rev. George 
William ]\luiidelein, -the new AiThbisliop of 
Chicago, made a regular canonical visitation 
of the parish and gave confirmation to 61 
children. 

T'nder the administration of Rev. P'ather 
Charlebois the-parish felt- the impulse of his 
extraordinary activity. Every societ.v re- 
ceived his special attention, every need his 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred sixty-seven 



care, and every one his paternal soliciliule. 

In him the pai'isli eiierishes the memory 
of ,-, most afrreeahle and fniitfnl ministry. 

lie fostered the parochial spii-it by tlie 
pnlilieation , of the "Bulletin Paroissial. "' a 
monthly periodical thron".'!) which he reached 
most of his parishioners. At the be'rinnin<r 
(if the war he snsjiended his little jonrnal to 
{jive his whole attention to war activities. 
His zeal soon placed him and iiis parish at 
the head of all the charitable moves in the 
Tioif;hboi'in>; districts. 

The parish is indebted to him for the iiub- 
lieation of a "Catholic Year Book and Cal- 
endar." ill which he wrote a historical sketch 
of the ^Maternity Chnrch of Bourbonnais. All 
this present account is due to him. and speaks 
of his attachment and devotedness to his dear- 
parish. The wide ranj^^e of his talents fitted 
him for every position and every sort of work. 
Ilis piety, his spirit of organization, the order 
in which he kept everythinj?, his care for 
sacred vestments, for ceremonies, music and 
sintriug, made of hira one of the most beloved 
pastors Bourbonnais ever had. and whose 
memory will never be forgotten. 

By turns, professor and director of studies 
for many years in Joliette College, Canada ; 
president of Bourget College. Rigaud : vis- 
itor for the Province of ]\Iontreal ; Provincial 
of the Chicago Province, and then pastor of 
Bourbonnais, he was appointed Provincial of 
the Canadian Obedience in August, 1918. He 
left for Montreal in September with the re- 
grets and the best wishes of his parishioners. 

He was replaced by Reverend il. J. Mar- 
sile, C. S. v., chaplain of Oak Park Hospital, 
Oak Park, 111., and former professor and 
president of St. Viator College for about 
thirty-five years. In spite of his age (Father 
Marsilc was then 72) he came back to Bour- 
bonnais to work among his pupils and "boys"' 
of old. He received as assistant Reverend 
Father P. Dube, C. S. V., an alummis of St. 
Viator, who came from Bourget College, Can- 
ada, on the loth of November, 1918. 

Owing to his failing health. Father ^far- 
sile retired to Oak Park Hospital early in 
October, 1919. His assistant. Rev. Father 
Dube, was appointed to succeed him as pastor 
of Bourbonnais. 

Synoptical History of 
St. George's — St. George, 1848 

/ fiiiildiniix. 
1 F'irst chapel (wooden): 1848. 



(a) Missionary priest, L'abbc Cour- 
geaidt. 

(b) First settlers. Charles Granger, 
Salomon Lanou.x. 

if) Ten acres of land donated for the 

cliiirrli by Ililaii'e Lanoux, son of 

Salomon Lanou.K, 1852. 
2 Second chapel (wooden): 18.')4. 

Missionary jiriest. Rev. E. Lapointe. 
o Condiination chapel (wooden) : 1858. 

]\Ii.ssionary priest. Rev. E. Lapointe. 

4 Fir.st stone church : 

(a) Dimensions, 110 feet by 50 feet. 

(b) Pastor, Rev. P. Paradis. 

(e) Contractors. 'SI. Sinel, Alex. La- 
montagnc. 

(d) Corner-stone blessed, Julv 12, 
1868. 

(e) .First :\Iass, ,lau\uny 17, 1869. 

(f) Church collapsed on account of 
defective foundations, and at the oc- 
casion of a great storm, April 18, 
1869, at 6:40 p. m. Nobody was hurt. 

(g) Co.st, .$12,000. 

5 Second stone church : 

(a.) Dimensions, 110 feet by 50 feet. 

(b) Pastor, Rev. P. Beaudrj-. 

(c) Contractor, Joseph Leclaii-e. 

(d) First Mass, December, 1872. 

(e) Cost, $16,000. 

6 Convent (brick) : 

(a) Dimensions, 44 feet by 40 feet. 

(b) Pastor, Rev. J. C. Lesage. 

(c) Contractors, J. Leclaire. J. M. Le- 
beau. 

(e) Cost, .$4,000. 

(e) School opened by the Sisters of 

St. Joseph, September, 1889. 

7 Parochial hall and other aii]nirtenances : 

1892. 

(a) Pastor, Rev. A. L. Labrie. 

(b) Cost, $2,000. 

8 Parsonage (brick) : 1897. 

(a) Dimensions, 40 feet by 30 feet. 

(b) Pastor, Rev. O. R. Bourdean. 
(e) Contractor, J. Leclafre. 

(d) Cost, .$4,500. 

:• Notable improvements made by : 
(a) Rev. F. X. Chouinard. 

1 Bell. 

2 Heating jilant at the convent; 
about $1,200. 

1 Heating plant at the church. 

2 Slate roof. 

3 Church decorations. 

4 Stations of the Cross : about .$4,000. 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred sixty-nine 



((•) Kcv. ('. A. Poissiitit. 

2 \('\v boilci's. 

•'! RctiKidclinfi: nt' and iiiipi'ovfinciits 

.>ii liall. 
4 Iniprovcinciits dii rdiivcnt : ahdut 

.^o.oon. 

10 Debt: All pa^^lors have .•itlii-r rcdiicrd 

the debt iii- paid fnf Tin- improwmonts 
wiiit-ii \v<'ri' iiiadc. 'I'uday. March 2"). 
li)2(). \W whole ilrlit aiaoillits Id $1.- 
!<:')(). The pastdi- in char':.'. Rrv. ('. A. 
J'dissant, has in hand pi'dniissory notes 
to cover I'ull aninnnt. The year 1!I'_'0 
will be a ^-dlden lettci- in the annals of 
the parish. 

11 Actual estimates of church property: 

Laud, church, couveut, parsoiui<ro, hall, 
other appurteuauces, furniture, chui-ch 
goods, etc., coidd not he duplicated for 
•1:80,000. 

// I'rirsfs in Chunit of St. (Iriirijf's I'arish. 

1 Missionary Priests: 

Lahhe Courf^eault 1848 

Rev. Epiphane Lapointe . . . .]8o8 

2 Residing Priests: R. R.— 

Epi. Lapointe 1860-1861 

Pierre Paradis 1861-1871 

Prosper Beaiidry 1871-1879 

Urgel Martel ." 1879 

Joseph (;. Lesage 1879-1889 

Ariuand L. Lahrie 1889-1896 

Onesime R. Bourdeau 1896-1898 

F. X. Chouinard, C. S. V. . . .1898-1903 

A. .1. Tardif, «'. S. V . . 190:5-1909 

Cyrill A. Poissant 1909 

/// I'oiJiildfluii. 



Eighty-seven families. 
Three hundred and tiftv 



lUimunicants. 



\inety children attending the pai'ochial 
.school. 

Seven Sisters of St. .Idse|)h of Concordia, 
Kansas, in chai'g<' df the schodl. 

Other Missions and Congrega- 
tions 

Besides the |)arishes and missions and 
churches above mentioned, thei'e were many 
stations and localities visited more or less 
regularl\- throughout the state. Wherever a 
few Catholics were settled they were either 
found by the priest or they themselves went 
in search of the priest, and always found some 
self-sacrificing missionary ready to undergo 
virtually any hardship for the purpose of 
bringing the coiisolations of religion. 

An e.xamination of the church directories 
whieli were issued regularly from 1834 on, 
shows that in addition to the parishes and 
churches already named, the following places 
wei-e visited hy missionaries and parish clergy; 

183-1 — English Settlement; Grand Prairie, 
au<l Racoon Settlement, all in the southeastern 
part of the state, near Vineennes. 

1836 — Shawneetown, Cairo and Albion. 

1837 — Cott'eetow-n, Lawrenceville, Riviere 
Au Chat, Thrawl's Station. 

1838 — La Cantine, near Cahokia ; Village 
Franeais, St. Clair County ; St. Augustine ; 
James" Mill, Monroe County; Grafton. 

1839 — Crooked Creek, Hancock County; 
^Marseilles; Connnerce; St. Francisville ; Dar- 
win ; York, Pic(piet Settlement. 

1840 — New Harmony; O'llarasburg ; Illi- 
nois and ^lichigan ('anal; Pern. 

1841 — Di.Kon's Ferry; Cary"s Mills. 

1842 — Irish Grove; Dresden; Corkstown. 

1844 — llari-isonville ; Mount Stirling ; 
Pittsfield : Tentonia. 



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i 



« t 






I St. Rose of Lima Church, Chicago. Ill, laai | 




3ltu.C.Kozhwsh' 





liMiHMMMMk 



I St CrniLL and Methodius Church. Lemont, III. 1665 



'} I 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred seventy-one 



XVIII. 

|Jansltcs (!)rl^a^iHC^ linger 



St. Louis-Chicago — 1850 

St. Louis (French coiifiivgation i wiis 

• cstablislicd as an independent parish in 1850. 

For about two \ears previous to the huiklinir 

of their own cliureh, a luiniber of Fi-ericii 

Catholics attended St. ]Mary's. 

Reverend Isidore A. Lebel eauie to Chi- 
cago iu 1848, and by direction of Bisiiop Van 
de Velde eomnienr-ed the building: of a churcii 
on a lot leased for the purpose, on the east 
side of Clark Street, between Adams and 
Jackson. The church was a frame building, 
twenty-five feet wide by seventy-five feet dee]>, 
and cost about $.'!,000, .$2,000 of which is said 
to have been contributed by P. F. Eofiuot. 
The church renuiined in an unfinished condi- 
tion for about two years, but was c(mi])leted 
in 1852. The little church was said to be. 
interiorily. at least, very neat and tasty, and 
was considered one of the prettiest churches 
in Chicago at that time. A fine oi-gan was 
built in the church. 

In 1856 the Rt. Rev. Bishop Anthony 
'Regan removed Father Lebel, the pastor, 
who went to tlie Diocese of Detroit, and be- ' 
came pastor at Kalamazoo, ilichigan. 

Father Lebel was succeeded in St. Louis 
church by Father Lemeister in 1857. 

In 1858 Bisho|) O 'Regan ordered the i-e- 
moval of the cliurch fnmi the leased lot where 
it stood, to lots which he had bought at the 
corner of Polk and Sherman Streets, and in 
November, 1858. Reverend John Waldron was 
placed in charge. 

There had been much friction respecting 
the ehnrch for some time, and Father Wal- 
dron 's first efforts were directed toward re- 
storation of harmony, in which he was quite 
successful. Father Waldron remained as 
pastor of the church iintil October, 1859, when 
he was succeeded by Reverend John ]Mc]Mul- 
len, who was pastor for one year. The subse- 
quent pastors wei-e Reverend Joseph P. Roles, 
1860; Rev. John :\Iackin, 1861; Rev. Joseph 



II. (irogan, 1S62; Kcv. A. liroderick, 1864; 
Kcv. Pati'ick Conway, 1865; Rev. M. Noonan, 
From 1866 to the time of the destruction of 
the clnii'cli by tlie great fire of 1871. 

St. Ann's — Richton, 1850 

St. Ann's parish, near Richton, must be 
counted among the oldest parishes in the arch- 
diocese. The first records date back to the 
\ear 1850. Al)out this time the first church 
was erected, Mass having been said prior to 
this occasionally in private houses. The his- 
tory- of St. Ann, Riciiton, is very nnich similar 
to that of St. James, New Strassburg. being 
attended from its beginning to tiiis day by 
the saTue |n-iests. In the first years mission- 
aries from Notre Dame, Indiana, and others 
attended to the wants of the people, and we 
find in the register of i)aptisms that even the 
celebi-ated missionary, F. X. Wenninger, bap- 
tized a innnber of children in 1857. Richton 
was attended by the priests residing at New 
Stra.ssburg until 1881, a list of which will be 
found under the heading of St. James, New 
Strassburg. From 1881 to 1891 the parish 
was attended as a mission by the Franciscan 
Fathers fnmi Joliet. From 1892 to 1902 
Richton had resident pastors, the first being 
Rev. F. J. Ilartmaun, 1892-1893. Rev. Chris- 
tian Danz ably administered the parish from 
189-1 to 1898. lie was followed by Rev. Jos. 
Dickmann, who was succeeded in 1901 by Rev. 
Joseph Rempe. Father Rcmpe moved to 
Steger to organize a new parish there in the 
year 1902, and since that time St. Ann's is at- 
tended as a mission from Steger. 

The old church was destroyed by fire in 
1901, but was rebuilt the .same year, snuiUer 
than the old, since the parish had steadily be- 
come smallei', and today numliers oidy twelve 
families. 

St. Bridget's — Chicago, 1850 

St. Bridget's parish was organized as a 

mission from St. Pati-ick's about the vear 



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±m 




Ke\j.Fahher Horan Hev, S. Alo/oney ^pyJ^AFa^an 



ki 




St. Lawrence Church, Chicago, III. 1563 






Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred seventy-three 



1850, and was located at that time in a private 
house at Areher Avenue and tlie Houtii branch 
of the ("hicaofo River. The use of tlie liouse 
where Mass was celi'tirated was •■•ivi^n by 
James JleKenna. All records of baptisms 
and marriajres were kept in St. Patrick's up 
to 1804, when it was o)'5>anized into an inde- 
peiulent jiarish, the finst pastor beinfj the Rev. 
Michael Donaliue. a native of Carlow. Ireland, 
who died as pastor of St. Mary's, Evanston. 
Illinois. He was succeeded by the Rev. 
Thomas Kelly in 1855, who resi<>:ucd in 1863 
to act as chaplain in the Civil War. 
- The first entry on the parish records is of 
the baptism on January 1, 1854, of Margaret 
Duft'y, datijrhter of James Duft'y and Rose 
McNulty, by the Rev. Michael Donahue, and 
the first marriage recorded is that of Terrence 
McDonnell and Mary Hyland, on March 5. 
1854, performed by Rev. Michael Donahue. 

Father Kelly built the first permanent 
church, a brick structure, on the present site. 
Archer Avenue and Arch Street, capable of 
seating 800 persons, lie was succeeded in 
the pastorate by the Rev. John H. Grogan, 
August 8, 1863. 

In 185t) the first industrial school in the 
diocese was built on Archer Avenue, adjoining 
the church, and known as the Bridgeport In- 
stitute, in charge of the Christian Brothers. 
This institution continued its career of use- 
fulness both a.s an industrial school ^or boys 
and a parish school, until August, 1871, when 
the present old parochial school was built by 
the Rev. John H. Grogan and placed in charge 
of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet. 
Missouri. After a year or so they withdrew 
from the school and were succeeded by the 
Sisters of Charity, B. V. M., Dubuijue, Iowa, 
who have been continuouslj- in charge to the 
present day. At that time St. Bridget's par- 
ish embraced all tlie territory west of Went- 
worth Avenue to Brighton Park and Summit, 
Illinois, and from the south branch of the 
Chicago River to Thirty-ninth Sti-eet. 

In I880 Father Grogan was transferred to 
the pa.storate of Lake Forest, and was suc- 
ceeded in the pastorate of St. Bridget s by the 
Rev. D. M. J. Dowling, who was appointed 
as its first permanent rector, and a few years 
afterwards, 1886, vicar-general of the diocese. 
He continued in office as pa.stor luitil his 
death, June. UIOO. He was succeeded in the 
pastoi-atc after a competitive examination, by 
the Rev. 'SI. O 'Sullivan, who took charge of 
the parisli .\ovcnib<T "JS. 1!K)0. It may be 
noted here as a mattei' of historical record 



that the Rev. Michael O'Sullivaii was the fii'St 
permanent redor ajjpointed in the City of 
Chicago as the i-esult of an examination, and 
the first in the diocese was the Rev. H. P. 
Smythe of St. Mary's, Evanston. 

In April, 1901, fifty feet of |)roperty was 
bought by the present i)astor. Rev. Michael 
'Sullivan, for .$6,000, on Archer Aveiuie, ad- 
joining the old Industrial School, which was 
i-emodcled by liini and fitted up as a priests' 
residence, and on July 8, 1901, he began the 
erection of St. Bridget's Commercial High 
School and Hall, and completed it December 
20, 1901, at a cost of $65,000, jiaid for without 
ever having been mortgaged. 

On May 29, 1905, the old bi-ick church was 
torn down and the corner-stone of the new St. 
Bridget's was laid September 17. 1905, by 
the Most Rev. James Edward Quigley, and the 
first Mass was celebrated by the same prelate 
— a Pontifical High Mass. The sermon was 
preached on that occasion by the Most Rev- 
erend Sebastian G. Messmer, Archbishop of 
Milwaukee. 

The church, which is of Lombardic style 
of architecture, with a seating capacity of 
1.400, was erected at a cost of $95,000. It is 
the first and onlj- specimen, as far as we know, 
of this style of architecture in America. The 
style wa.s originated by the Irish monks who 
migrated to Europe and i)ito Italy, where they 
built the first church of its kind at Navono in 
1170, and which has served as a cathedral 
church for that city from that day to this— a 
monument to the zeal and erudition of the 
Irish monks. 

St. Bridget's parish is ('([uipped with a 
first class grammar school, taking care of 600 
pupils, a commercial high school, with 50 
students in attendance, a convent with chapel, 
which supplies the spiritiud and temporal 
wants of twenty Sisters of Charitj', three 
priests looking after the needs of the people, 
and property and improvements that have 
cost $325,000, all free from debt since 1913. 
The total value of church property would 
easily reach half a million dollars. 

St. Patrick's — Everett, 1850 

The earliest jijace of worship in Meehan's 
Settlement, latei' known as the "Corduroy,'' 
or the ■'Irish Settlement. "" was a log church 
j\ist so\itli of Everett Road in I lie northwest 
corner of the Catholic cemetery. 

The log chni-ch was built on land given 
by Michael 'N'ore. The men of tlic parish cut 



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fiev £.5 Keon^h 



Rev P.\J. Ti'nsn 





Rev </. W<3ldron 



I Holy Rosahy Church. Pullman, III. 1<5<32 




Rf.Rev./^.J.Thi'e/c 




I St. Alovsius' Church, Chicago, III. 16(34 | 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred seventy-five 



the logs in the surrounding woods and erected 
the log building. 

The men were tlie three Fagans, Michael 
Meehan, DuiTy, Davin, Michael Yore, Ludlow, 
two Lancasters, John Bolgar and J. Doyle. 

The church was forty feet long by thirty 
feet wide. This log church was called St. 
Michael's. It was one of the four outlying 
missions of Little Fort, near what is now 
Waukegan, under the care of Father John 
Guegueu, a French missionary. He was fol- 
lowed by Father Bernard McGorrisk, Father 
James Kean, Father John R. Hampstead in 
1852!, and Father Henry Coyle in about 1854. 

Father Coj'le had the men of the parish 
liew timbers on their farms for a frame 
church. The timbers were all ready for the 
frame church when Father John McGee came 
and started them at making brick for a brick 
church two miles north, in the town of Shields. 

The bricks were made from the clay just 
north of the slough and east of the bridge, on 
Patrick Melody's farm. James Durkin 
moulded the bricks while men of the parish 
helped him with the work. The wood for the 
kiln was furnislied by the men of the parish. 

Michael Yore was at the kiln one evening, 
and seeing that the wood was nearly gone, 
went home, hitched up a team of oxen and 
another team of horses. Then sending one of 
his sons for Patrick Carolan they went to the 
woods. By midnight they had six cords of 
wood at the kiln, and found the last wood 
burning and the watchman asleep. Had the 
fire gone down the whole kiln of bricks would 
have been lost. The bricks were of good qual- 
ity, but were left to lay on the ground some 
time before the church was under way. 

There was another log church in Shields, 
built about 1839, near "William Dwyer's home. 
The people of St. Michael's and those of the 
Dwj-er parish joined together to build tlie 
brick church in 1855. 

The Western Tablet, the first Catholic 
paper published in Chicago, on October 29, 
1853, stated: '"Bishop Van de Velde admin- 
istered confirmation to sixty persons last Sun- 
day in Meehan 's Settlement. He afterwards 
laid tke corner-stone of the new brick church 
under the patronage of St. Ignatius, the 
founder of the Society of Jesus. The sermon 
was preached by Father Ives of Milwaukee." 

In Bishop Quarter's diary are found the 
following entries: "October 22, 1853— Left 
Chicago by steamer with Dr. Ives for Wau- 
kegan. • October 23 — Said Mass at 7 o'clock 
in Waukegan. After breakfast left for Mee- 



han 's Settlement by wagon. Father Henry 
Coyle said Mass in a temporary shed. Dr. 
Ives preached the sermon. Confirmation was 
administered to sixty persons, and the corner- 
stone of the new church laid." 

Mr. Yore, now one of the oldest living 
members of St. Patrick's parish, was con- 
firmed that day. He says: "The altar was 
set up between two windows in the party fin- 
ished church." 

The log church was used for a public 
school from 1855. At times as many as 137 
pupils attended school there. They sat any- 
where they could find place, in the loft, on 
the stairs, and on the benches. Later it was 
sold to Michael Vaughn, who moved it to his 
land, one-half mile south of Telegraph Road, 
where it was used as a house until 1905, when 
it was torn down to be replaced by a more ^ 
modern building. 

In the "History of the Catholic Church 
of Lake County, ' ' appears the following : " On 
March 24, 1853, a two and a half acre lot was 
conveyed to the Very Rev. James Van de 
Velde, Bishop of Chicago, for $86. ' ' Old set- 
tlers say it was willed to the parish from the 
Reed estate. 

Father John McGee was the first resident 
parish priest. He built the original brick 
church and pastor's house. Father Ford 
came after Father McGee, and completed the 
brick church. The brick church was used for 
fifteen or twenty years, and until it became 
so badly cracked that it was deemed unsafe. 
It was torn down and rebuilt in 1883. When 
the church was torn down the bricks were all 
scraped and sorted, the best brick being kept 
for the outside of the building. After the 
building was up workmen went over the out- 
side, scraping off bits of mortar. Father Car- 
roll was pastor in 1883, and it was he that 
had the old church torn down and tiie new 
church built. The new church cost $14,000. 
A new altar and new pews were put in the 
new building. 

In the course of ten years the congrega- 
tion grew to number 200 souls, and was pop- 
ularly known as the "Corduroy." People 
attended Mass here for the four adjacent 
towns. From Murray 's Settlement, now Wau- 
conda, the faithful came to Mass here until 
they built a church. Then Highland Park 
became a parisli, followed by Lake Forest. 

The .second brick cluireh was struck by 
lightning, and burned in 1895. Almost im- 
mpd lately a new brick church rose from the 
ashes. Some of the people on the extreme 



+ ^o- 



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4 




'1 -- '--;. '-;g!t?*v.r"r '^Cu EfiSonnenfeld 






St. Mary's Church, Chicago, III. 1(362 






RnvO PSchiffer 



R<iV. &. 5 tier 



R^v. Lsu.kenn/oet 





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P' 


J^ 




St. Philomena's CHuncH, Chicago, III. 166<3 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred seventy-seven 



limits of tlie parisli or tliose nearer to otlier 
liarislies bejraii to ffo elscwliere to Mass. 

Father O'Reilly built the third briek 
Chureh. He was then pastor at Lake Forest, 
and went to St. Patrick's to say Ma.ss on Sun- 
day and holy days. The parish had ix-en a 
mission since Rev. Dr. James J. McGovern had 
built the pastor's liouse in Lake Forest. 
Priests from Lake Forest, Libertyville and 
Fort Sheridan ministered to the congrega- 
tion. 

Father Barry was pastor in Lake Forest , 

with St. Patrick's as a mission, when St. Pat- 

i rick's chureh burned on the afternoon of 

' August 20, 1908. It was a warm, dry day, 

; with scarcely any wind. The fii'e started in 

> the house from some unknown cause, burning 

'' the house, then the Foresters' hall, south of 

the house. Then the wind veered to the 

:'. south, carrying the fire to the roof of the 

church. The fire attracted a number of farm- 

\ ers. Father Barry was called by telephone. 

' Tn a short time the altars, pews, carpets and 

organ were carried out. Then owing to the 

lack of water they had to stand by and let 

the fire have its way. 

After the fire the families of the parish 
attended Mass in Lake Forest until a com- 
mittee went to petition the archbishop for a 
church at Everett and a resident pastor. He 
granted their petition. Father P. Quinn 
came in 1910. He started the new church at 
'once on land bought from Thomas Yore, on 
the east side of Telegraph Road in Everett. 
Mass was read in Gibbon's house during the 
cold weather, later in the ' ' Morgue, " as a shed 
used in Everett was called, iintil the hall was 
built : then in the hall until the church was 
dedicated October 1, 1910, by Archbishop 
Quigley. 

The altar and pews saved from the fire 
of the first St. Patrick's church were re- 
painted and used in the new church. The 
organ was used for a time, until replaced b^' 
a new one. The new church is of brick, fifty 
feet wide by eighty feet long. The house is 
also of brick, while the hall and addition be- 
hind the church are frame structures. These 
buildings are valued at sii'^S.OOO. 

Dxiring 1910 a frame church, Holy Cross, 
was erected in Deerfield, a village four miles 
south of Everett. Holy Cross is a mission 
of St. Patrick's under the care of Father Wil- 
liam Ryan. 

The pastors who have had charge of the 
mission and settlement were : Fathers John 
Guegueu ; Bernard McGorrisk ; James Kean ; 



John R. Hampton, 1852; Henry Coyle; John 
McGee, 185.5; Ford, 1858; Herbert, 1860; 
Phew, 1861; O'Dwyer, 1862; Kennedy, 1866; 
Lyons, 1867 ; Egan, 1868 ; Hendricks, came in 
same year; McElherne, 1869; Molony, No- 
vember, 1869; McGuire, 1872; McGovern, D. 
D. ; Willby; Carroll, 1883; Grogan; Maden, 
Gavin, I). D.; O'Reilly; Louby, as assistant to 
Father O'Reilly; Barry, Quinn and Ryan. 
Clergy and Religious from Parish. 

Catherine Atkinson, Sister Agnes, a Sister 
of Mercy, born September 10, 1840, north of 
Rondout, died August 9, 1918. She was in 
the convent fifty years. Celebrated her gold- 
en jubilee in January, 1918. 

Margaret Heary, Dominican nun, died in 
convent. 

Catherine Heary went to the convent, but 
as her father died soon after and she had not 
professed, she returned home to care for her 
aged mother. 

Jane Greene, a mother superior. 

Agnes Moran, Sister Mary Clarita. Went 
to the convent at St. Marj^'s of the Woods in 
Indiana, in December, 1918. She took the 
white veil, August 15, 1919. 

Florence Cooney, Sister Marj' Amelda. 
Left for Dubuque, Iowa, September, 1916, to 
enter St. Joseph's convent at Mt. Carmel. 

Lucy 'Connor. Left for Dubuque, Iowa, 
to enter St. Joseph's convent at Mt. Carmel 
as a novice in September, 1919. 

Father P. J. Conway. Born in Ireland, 
came to this country when he was 19 or 20 
years old. He often spent his vacation in St. 
Patrick's parish. He was ordained in 1865. 
He read Mass a number of times in St. Pat- 
rick's church. 

John, Stephen and Joseph Bradley studied 
for the priesthood. They all died very young. 
Stephen and Joseph had received first orders, 
and Jolin died just after he was ordained. 

Catherine Bradlej*. Sister CamilJo. Went 
to the convent Seiitember 2:>, 1886. A Sister 
of ]\Ierc.y for 17 years. Died August 14, 1905. 

Sarah Lancaster, a nun. Mary Master- 
son, a nun. 

Mary Help of Christians 
Chester, 1850 

The first Catholic churcii in Chester— now 
the county seat f)f Randolph County — was 
built in the year 1850. When Right Rever- 
end James Oliver Van de Velde, bishop of 
Chicago, visited Chester in 1853 he dedicated 
this churcli on the feast of SS. Peter and 
Paul, to "Mary, Help of Christians." 



^O-O" 





Rqv. G.xJ. Blotter 



I St. PETEn AND Paul CHuncH. Chicaoo. III. 1652 | ; 




Rev. B- Spr/ngmGi^er 



u 



St. George's Chuhch, Chicago, III. 16(S4 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred seventy-nine 



Soon afterwards the diocese was divided 
but St. Mary's is a flourishing parish at the 
present time. 

The parish registers of this old church 
were opened in the year 1848. 

St. Mary's — Aurora, 1850' 

When Bishop Van de Velde went to 
Naperville Oct. 22, 1849, he mentioned in his 
diary that Aurora was attached to the Nap- 
erville Mission, that there were about 700 
Catholics, almost all Canadians, but there 
was no church in the place. Rev. Louis 
Carteuffles was appointed to Aurora, which 
was made a parish, and he built the large 
stone church which was destroyed by fire in 
1869. Mass was said for a time in the eity 
hall until Father T. J. Murphy was appointed 
pastor of St. Mary's in 1870, when a new 
church was built. 

The present St. Mary's church at Aurora 
was dedicated June 30, 1892. 

Since 1908 Aurora has been in the diocese 
of Rockford. 

St. James — Millstadt, 1850 

The neighborhood of Millstadt in St. 
Clair County was the site of two or three 
very early churches. Millstadt was formerly 
called Centerville and is first mentioned in 
the Catholic directories in 1850. It appears 
that both St. Thomas and Centerville were 
attended in 1849 and 1850. Prior to 1851 
there had been a log church at St. Thomas, 
but in that j'ear this was abandoned and a 
new church erected which was dedicated in 
1851 iu honor of St. James Apostle, in the 
village then called Naperville. 

The first resident priest was Rev. H. Lier- 
man, who remained until 1857. 

A school existed here as early as 1850. 
The records of St. James Congregation were 
opened Januarj^ 1, 1851. The records of the 
St. Thomas parish, which preceded St. James, 
were opened by Bishop Joseph Rosati, Nov. 
26, 1837. 

St. Patrick's — Mill Creek, 1851 

The Mill Creek church in Newport Town- 
ship, Lake County, seems to have been one 
of the four missions depending on Little Fort 
according to the Church Directories of '44 
and '45. 

In the Directory of 1851, it is stated that 
a log church was in coui^se of conclusion there, 
though Bishop John McMullen writing in 



1852 says it was a frame structure and just 
finished. Father John (iueguen came to say 
Mass in the homes of the people before the 
church was built, as did also the other pa.stors 
of Little Fort. There was a headstone in a 
cemetery dated 1849, the year of the biirial. 
The church was first called St. Andrew's, but 
wa.s changed soon to St. Patrick. The first 
church building was 30x20 feet. Father 
Henry Coyle attended the mission from 
Waukegan for eight years from 1851-1859, 
Father Patrick Donohue until 1867. Then 
one acre of ground was purchased from John 
Traynor and a residence built. Father Dal- 
ton was appointed the first resident pastor. 

A sad occurrence took place soon after 
the rectory was opened for occupancy, in 
the fatal burning of the first housekeeper, 
Margaret Tucker, caused, it is supposed, by a 
candle setting her clothing on fire. She was 
alone in the house at the time. Her mother 
and father coming from a visit to friends saw 
the flames and approaching found their child 
burning to death. 

Father Dalton did not remain long. He 
left in 1869 and was succeeded in the fall 
of the same year by Father Peter Corcoran 
who held the charge until 1875. He was fol- 
lowed bj' Father J. J. Grogan who remained 
pastor till the beginning of the j'ear 1877, 
when Rev. E. J. Guerin came. He died there 
one j^ear later and is buried in the Mill Creek 
cemetery within a few paces of where the old 
church stood. Father James McGlynn took 
the parish in Jiine, 1878, and was .succeeded 
in October, 1879, by Father P. V. Daly, who 
died there in October, 1885. 

The kindly Daly lies buried there in the 
priests' lot beside the gentle Guerin. The 
people of the parish erected a beautiful and 
magnificent marble monument to mark his 
grave. 

Father Daly was succeeded by the saintly 
Joseph McMahon. Father McMahon held 
charge from 1855 to 1892. During his time 
he did much to improve the spiritual life of 
the parish as well as church temporalities, 
as did all his predecessors. But with the lapse 
of time onl.y did a showing appear. Success 
came slowly to the pioneer priest or peasant. 

In 1892 the energetic and whole-souled 
Father M. A. Breton came. I have a recol- 
lection of being told that he came to the dio- 
cese from Seton Hall, where he held the 
chair of English L"*erature. The people still 
speak of his earnest eloquence. He was a 
man of strongi constitution and an untiring 



BTg 



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Reu. S.Luttrell 



SB 



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I St. Joseph's Church, Libertyville. III. 1364 ^| 




Kev. HE Qu/nn 



St. KEv^yN's Church. Chicago, III. I<3a4 



9 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred eighty-one 



worker. He built ami ()])eiu'd the little mis- 
sion ehureh of Antioeli, whieh is now a flour- 
ishing parish, the plavfrround of the arelulio- 
cese on aceount of its many heanriful lakes. 
Antioch is nine miles from Mill Creek. l<''ather 
Breton attended this mission and not i!ifre- 
quentlj' during his pastorate had cliarge of 
the Bristol Mission, Wisconsin. He also en- 
larged by two wings, the parish clmreh and. 
to make it agreeable to man and beast, which 
is to be considered in rural life, he built 
sheds for 70 teams of horses with their car- 
riages. He had no horses or carriage himself 
and when it was not handy for a farmer to 
drive him, he started on foot on sick or social 
calls, and no one ever made complaint that 
he didn't reach his destination, despite the 
wretched roads of those times. Broken in 
health by his labors and the trials necessai'y 
to a priest's life in so backward and so lone- 
some a place, he was transferred to Morrison, 
Illinois. He soon resigned this charge and 
^ went to the Holy Name Cathedral Rectory, 
' where he died on Holy Thursday, 1907 or 

1908. 
' Rev. Joyce was, in 1904, assigned to succeed 
Father Breton. He transferred the residence 
to Antioch, which caused much ill feeling in 
the old parish, which was destined never again 
to have a resident priest. Father Joyce wa.s 
succeeded by the present zealous pastor of 
Antioch in charge of Mill Creek. He came 
in February, 1909, and gave up the mission 
in the fall of the same year. 

Archbishop Quigle.y asked Rev. J. B. 
Foley, who was then assistant at St. Eliza- 
beth's, to go out and look over the old place 
and see if he would engage to build it up 
again in a new location. He accepted the 
task and took charge on the first Sunday of 
Advent, 1909. The old shell of the church 
and the altar still stood. He procured tlie 
necessary vestments to say Mass the first 
Sunday, a gift from Very Rev. Daniel J. 
Riordan, now the Right. Rev. Monsignor. and 
started out. He begged lodgings from the 
charity of his people till he could procure 
himself a home. The place designated as the 
futvire home of the parish was the hamlet 
of Wadsworth. It consisted of a railroad sta- 
tion, a couple of little stores and a post office. 
Here a residence was soon established and 
paid for. It might have been a matter of 
greater difficulty to establish here were it not 
that Mrs. Margaret Reynolds owned a house 
and lot, which she kindly sold to the priest 
and then became one of the hardest workers 



for the parish. The people who owned the 
land in the hamlet were not anxious to sell 
a lot for church ])ui-p()ses. (Consequently the 
church had to wait till the old Lu.x farm 
l)assed into new hands. Fortunately it was 
bought by Attorney Claire Edwards, now 
Judge Kdwards of Waukegan, and at once he 
sold the cluirch a strip of nearly four acres 
adjoining the residence for a very reasonably 
l)rice and gave besides a donation to the 
work of $.")0. This occurred in October and, 
though there was not a cent in the treasury, 
not even to pay for the lot, ground was 
broken the same month for the new church. 
There was no enthusiasm for the work, but 
UHich opposition on account of removing from 
the old place. Mill C'reek, three miles to the 
northwest. The pastor persevered, and, a.s is 
usual with the Irish Catholic, even though dis- 
pleased, he can't see the priest in need without 
helping him out. Though not as whole- 
heartedly as they might under other circum- 
stances, they set to work and helped to haul 
material and in other necessary work. The 
foundation stone was set in place on New 
Year's eve, 1912. The church was soon un- 
der roof. By Easter Sunday, 1912, it was 
completed and elegantly furnished, ready for 
Divine Service, and there was not one dollar 
subscribed for the work. Hol.v Mass was 
said first in the church on Feb. 2, 1912, and 
continued to be said there though it was not 
plastered. The old church had burned down 
Dec. 8, 1911. The pastor borrowed $8,000 
and received large donations from his friends 
in Chicago and elsewhere, besides the re- 
ceipts from little church affairs he held with 
the assistance of the well-disposed. The 
church and residence a)id the out offices with 
tlieir beautiful grounds are easily worth 
$80,000 or $40,000. 

The church is a beautiful Gothic structure, 
elegantly and solidly furnished, with a seat- 
ing capacity of 350. It has a number of ar- 
tistic stained glass windows wKich the present 
archbishop asked if they were made in Mun- 
ich, Bavaria, and looked pleasantly surprised 
to hear they were the product of the ilunieh 
Studio of his beloved Chicago. The altars 
are handsome, made by Mr. Stapleton, Chi- 
cago. The pews are ornate and solid; the 
statuary are French models. Stations of the 
Cross oil paintings, and many of the vest- 
ments are impoi'ted. 

A recent improvement was the drilling of 
a deep well and the .setting up of an engine 
to supply the house with water, and the addi- 



■o-o- 



^m 




\ 


i! 


■j 



Rev F Lantje 



Rev. F Ostrowskt 



I St. Josaphat's Church, Chicago, III. 1664 J' 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred eighty-three 



tion of a bath room and hot water heatinp; 
system at a cost of $200, which was paid for 
as soon as completed. The very last improve- 
ment undertaken by the pastor, and nearing 
completion is church parlors or society rooms. 
It is very hard to do parish work without 
a place for various sodalities and societies to 
meet. After school, benevolent societies and 
sodalities are necessary, especially in the 
country. A hall might notj be built just 
now and the two new rooms will well supply 
its place for the present, and serve well the 
purpose for which they are intended. 

>'^t jjC St. Henry's — Chicago, 1851 

'^ St. Henry's church, located at Ridge and 
' Devon Avenues, is the third church erected 
' OD the present site. The first church, but a 
. ■ I small frame edifice, was built in 1851 by Rev. 

™ Henry Fortmann. Several years previous to 

its erection however. Mass was occasionally 
said in the log house of Peter Schmitt. Not 
, until 1866 did it have a permanent pastor. 
Its spiritual wants were administered between 
1851-66 by the Redemptorist Fathers of St. 
Michael's church. Rev. Edward Haems was 
the first pastor, laboring from December, 1866, 
to February, 1870. Rev. J. A. Marschall then 
■ had charge of the parish for six months and 
was followed by Rev. Andrew Michel who 
remained as pastor until his death, January, 
J 1873. His Tcmains rest in the cemetery ad- 
joining the church. He was siicceeded by 
Rev. Henry Wagner. During his ministry 
the little frame church was replaced by a 
larger one, costing" about $10,000. The suc- 
cessors of Father Wagner were : Rev. C. J. 
Niederberger, 1875-1879; Rev. A. J. Thiele, 
1879-84; Rev. J. Meller, 1884-91. The church 
was renovated and a new school building 
erected by Father Thiele. 

Rev. F. Joseph Rueterschoff, the present 
pastor, succeeded Father Meller in 1891. The 
parish went through a period of reconstruc- 
tion, growth and improvement during the 
many years of his pastorate. The little grave 
yard became a "cemetery beautiful" — addi- 
tions were made to the school and rectory 
buildings — and in 1905 the present large and 
stately church was built. 

Another event that will perpetuate the 
memory of Father Ruetershoft" amongst the 
parishioners of St. Henrj''s church was the 
erection of a monument dedicated to their 
boys who had served in the great world war. 
The momiment was unveiled and blessed, 
Nevember 27, 1919. About seventy young 



men in soldier, sailor or marine uniform, who 
had seen service during the war, witnes.sed 
the ceremonies. One hundred-one young men 
of the parish served their country's cause, 
of whom three made the supreme sacrifice. 
Incidentally it might be mentioned that this 
soldiers' memorial is the first relating to the 
world war that has been erected. 



St. Henry's church might be considered ' 
the mother church of all churches north of ■ 
Irving Park Boulevard, Evanston included. 
For many years the membership of St. 
Henry's church consisted largely of Luxem- 
burgers, Germans and Irish, the Luxemburg- 
ers probably predominating. To" this ele- 
ment is due the fact that St. Henry's par- 
ish is also known in certain localities out- ' 
side of this city and state. Amongst many 
of the Luxemburgers of Aurora, Port Wash- 
ington, Wisconsin, and Dubuque, Iowa, St. 
Henry's on the Ridge is not an unknown 
institution. The Ridge was a kind of clear- 
ing house for the natives of Luxemburg. 
Emigrating into this country, the Luxem- 
burg«r 's first protracted stop-over was usually 
the Ridge. From here, if he did not remain, 
he went to one of the above mentioned cities 
or wherever a settlement of his countrymen 
was to be found. 

The following were the assistants in St. 
Henry 's church, all of them serving under the 
present pastor : Rev. Anthony Boecker, Oct., 
1898-May, 1903 ; Rev. Francis Cichozki, May, 
1903-1906; Rev. Edward Berthhold, 1906- 
1907; Rev. John Neumann, 1907-1914; Rev. 
George Schark, February, 1814- April, 1916; 
Rev. Alfred Milcheski, April, 1916. 

St. Patrick's — Tiptown, 1851 

St. Patrick's church of Tiptown marks an- 
other early Irish settlment. This settlement 
derived its name, Tiptown, from the place of 
nativity of its first Irish imigrants, who came 
principally from the County of Tipperary. 
The arrival of these first Irish settlers during 
the years 1838 to 1840 was phenomenally 
large. The continued strong influx of Irish 
during the following decade appears to in- 
dicate that the first settlers were pleased with 
their abode in a new country, and encour- 
aged others to come. 

The first mention of Tiptown in the Cath- 
olic directories occurs in 1851, from which 
year until 1853 the settlers received spiritual 
attention monthly from Waterloo, by Rev. 
James Gallagher. However, Joseph Rickert 
remembers that the settlers were also at- 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred eighty- five 



tended by Rev. Michael Prcndertiiast, who was 
pastor of Waterloo from 1848 to 1850. The 
county records of land entries show that Rev. 
Patrick McCabe, who was then rector of St. 
Augustine's, Praii'ie dii Long, entered forty 
acres of land for the parish in June, 1849; 

The Catholic directories recite the exis- 
tence of a log churi:li in 1854, which Mr. Jo- 
seph Rickert states was begun in 1850 but 
was not completed until 1853. Previouslj^ 
Mass was said mostly in the home of William 
E. Walsh. The home was located about 
three miles from the present Tiptown and four 
miles from Red Bud. 

The settlement was attended by Rev. 
James A. Keane, pastor of O'Hara's, now 
Ruma, from 1850 to 1852, who died October 
27, 1853, and lies buried in the parish ceme- 
tery of Tiptown. 

The Catholic directories mention the at- 
tendance of New Design from St. Augustine's 
of Prairie du Long, in 1843, by Rev. A. Am- 
[ brose G. Heim, and by Rev. Patrick McCabe 
from 1844 to 1847. Since New Design is sit- 
uated near Tiptown, it may be assumed that 
the first settlers of Tiptown constituted the 
worshipers at New Design during those years. 
From 1853 to 1859 Rev. John W. Gifford, 
pastor of Ruma, and in 1859 and 1860 Rev. F. 
C. Carel, pastor of Prairie du Long, attended 
1 Tiptown. Rev. John W. Gifford, assistant at 
1 Waterloo, again assumes charge in 1860 and 
' 1861, probablj- iintil his death, October 1, 
; 1861, for his i-emains are buried in the Tip- 
•' town parisli cemetery. He was a native of 
Aberdeen, Scotland, and was born February 
27, 1791. 

St. Mary's — Peoria, 1851 

Peoria, though no longer a part of the Dio- 
cese of Chicago, is one of the historic places 
of Illinois, especially with reference to the 
Catholic Chui'ch. 

It will be remembered that Father James 
Marquette, S. J., and Louis Joliet made a stay 
of three days amongst the Indians at Peoria 
Lake, near the present -site of Peoria, in Aug- 
ust (perhaps the 13th, 14th and 15th) of 1673. 

It will also be remembered that here for 
the first time, in Illinois, a sacrament was_ 
administered. On the last day of Father 
Martpiette's stay in Peoria and .just as he was 
leaving, the parents of a dying Indian child 
brought the child to the waters' edge and 
asked Father Manpu'tte to baptize it. The 
good missionary gladly complied, rejoicing 



that this opportunity was given for the sal- 
vation of a so\d. 

It will be remembered too, that Robert 
Cavalier de La Salle and his party of explor- 
ers landed at Peoria Lake on the 4th of Jan- 
uary, 1680; that he had with him three Re- 
collect priests. Fathers Louis Hennepin, Ga- 
briel de la Ribonrde and Zenobius Membrae, 
who at once began the labors of the Gospel 
and who ministered there — Hennepin until the 
29tli of February, 1880 and Ribourde and 
Membrae until September of the same year. 
While the headfjuarters of the mission es- 
tablished by Father Marcpiette was higher up 
on the river near what is now Utica, yet it was 
a matter of small moment to push down the 
river and up again between the Kaskaskia vil- 
lage and Peoria Lake and all of tlie missionar- 
ies certainly made such journeys frequently. 
We hear more directly of Peoria however, 
when Father James Gravier, S. J., became the 
successor of Father Marquette. He seems to 
have spent much of his time in the Peoria 
village ministering to the Peoria tribe of In- 
dians for more than nine j-ears. 

During the later half of the 18th century 
not so much church activity existed at Peoria, 
but the missionaries visited the place from 
time to time a.s occasion required. 

We begin again to hear of Peoria and the 
neighborhood in the early thirties of the 
nineteenth century. Black Partridge and 
Kikapoo were much more important places in 
1830 than Peoria. These places are still, 
however, small villages. Black Partridge, now 
known as Lourds, is in Woodford county, 
about twelve miles northeast of Peoria and 
Kikapoo is about fourteen miles northwest 
of Peoria. 

The tirst of the nineteenth century mis- 
sionaries that we have an account of visiting 
Peoria was Reverend John Blasius Raho, C. M. 
Father Raho first came to Peoria in 1838 but 
was then on his way from St. Louis to La 
Salle. While stopping briefly at Peoria he 
met an Irishman by the name of Patrick 
Ward and no doubt talked to him about the 
church. Father Raho returned in 1839 and 
hunted up his old acquaintance Ward, who 
then lived on North Jefferson Street in a lit- 
tle frame house. Arrangements w'cre made 
and Father Raho celebrated Mass in Ward's 
house on the occasion of this visit. From 
this time on Father Raho made occasional 
visits and said Mass at Ward's house and 
at the houses of other Catholics. 



"»«■ 



6 




\ 



Rev F.L.Fox Rev. M.A. Canning Rev A. F Ter/ecke 




S^. Chahles Borromeo Church. Chicago, III. 16(35 

^;^sg^5SS 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hwidrey eighty-seven 



Public services were first held in Peoria 
in 1840, when Father Raho rented a room 
over a store kept by Hoses Pettingill, which 
stood on the corner of Main and Adams 
Streets. Mass was said here about once in 
six weeks. The first congregation is said to 
have consisted of Patrick "Ward and wife, 
Magnus Densberger, Theodore Rath, Mrs. 
Ford, Mrs. Brady, Thomas Goodwin and 
Thomas Golden. A Doctor Rouse is said to 
have attended all of the services. A rental 
of one dollar was paid for tlie liall for each 
time it was occupied. 

Father Raho and his associates. Father 
Louis Parodi, C. M., and Nicholas Stable, C. 
M., continued to say Mass both in the homes 
' of the Catholics and at the Pettingill hall, 
imtil late in 1841, when the site of services 
was removed to Stillman's Row on the lower 
side of Washington Street, about half way 
between Main and Fulton streets. 

In the year 1842 Right Reverend Bishop 
Peter Richard Kenriek of St. Louis, made a 
visit to Peoria and celebrated Mass in the 
Stillman's Row building and also in the old 
court house. Catholics came from Galena, 
La Salle, Black Partridge and Kickapoo, as 
well as from Peoria and the surrounding 
territory and it was a great occasion not only 
for the faithful but for the whole community. 
The bishop confirmed twentj'-seven pei-sons at 
the time. He preached in the court house to 
large audiences. Wiien about to leave he ad- 
vised the people to purchase a site for a chuYch 
and Patrick Ward was appointed to secure 
prices on lots. A somewhat amusing story 
is told of Mr. Ward's experience. Approach- 
ing a business man named Aquila Wren of the 
firm of Voris & Wren, Mr. Ward asked him 
the price of a lot on the corner of Jeffer- 
son and Eaton Streets. Wren asked him what 
use he wished to make of the lot and Ward 
answered "I want it for the Catholic church." 
Wren is reported then to have remarked : 
"Catholic church — are you a Catholic, Ward, 
and what sort of people are the Catholics? 
Are they like yon, and are they democrats?" 
"I hope," said Ward, "tiiey are better than I 
am, but, anyhow, they are all democrats.'' 
"Good," said Wren. "Well, as to that lot, 
I have been offered $2.50 for it, but if you 
Catholics are all democrats, you can have 
it for an even hundred dollars." 

The next day Bishop Kenriek, Father 
Raho. and Ward went together to look at the 
lot and agreed upon the purciia.se, the bis- 



hop contributing $30 toward the purchase 
money. 

From Peoria Bishop Kenriek went to 
Kickapoo where he dedicated the little stone 
church and the grave yard. 

In 1844 the church site was changed from 
Stillman's Row to Porter's .school house. 

In connection with this new location a 
resident at that time, Mrs. Patrick Harmon, 
recounted that she remembered when Father 
Louis Pai'odi, C. M., came to Porter's school 
hoiise at six a. m., December 25, 1844, to say 
his second Christmas Mass. The first he had 
said at Kickapoo at midnight and had then 
driven to Peoria. As soon as Mass was 
over at Peoria he continued his journey and 
arrived in Black Partridge onl}' just before 
noon and said his third Mass there. 

From Porter's school house the site of 
religious services was moved to a room over 
J. G. Prices 's store on North Main Street. 
Reverend John A. Drew was the next pastor. 

Speaking of that location the Catholic 
Church Directory of 1850 says "The present 
Catholic house of worship stands on Eaton 
Street between Jefferson and Madison. This 
was built in 1846 under the direction of 
Reverend John A. Drew. At that time the 
congregation numl)ered seventy-five or eigh- 
ty families. The present congregation num- 
bers at this time (1850) two hundred fifty- 
five to two hundred and sixty families under 
the pastoral care of Reverend Alphonse 
Montuori, and numbers about eight hundred 
membei-s. 

St. Mary's church was built in 1851 and 
1852, and was opened for divine service by 
Father Montuori Sunday, July 4, 1852. A 
notable visitor was present on that occasion, 
Mr. John McMuUen, a seminarian of the Uni- 
versity of St. Mary of the Lake in Chicago, 
the same who afterwards became Reverend 
John McMullcn, rector of the University, 
'• icar-general of the diocese of Chicagc^, and 
lastly, bishop of the diocese of Davenport. 
His errand in Peoria at that time was as 
correspondent to write an account of the 
opening of the church for the Western Tab- 
let, the first Catholic paper published in 
Chicago. 

The church was solemnly dedicated by 
Right Reverend James Oliver Van de Velde, 
the second bishop of Chicago on April 17, 
1853. 

The next pastor of St. Mary's was Rev- 
erend Henry Coyle, who built St. Patrick's 
frame eluirch in the snuthwest district ^'f 



H^ 



Hi I 



I 



-O-C^ 





Rev. xJ. Linden 








St. Mary's Church, Desplaines, III. 1655 



Zl 



i 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred eighty-nine 



Peoria in US6L!. wliicli wiis attctuli'd I'rdrii St. 
Mary's until the first of March, 1868, when 
Reverend Jliehael Hurley resigned the pas- 
torate of St. Mary's and took fharjj;e of St. 
Patrick's as a separate and distinct parish. 

'Pile diocese of Peoria was erected on the 
12tli of February, 187"). The Reverend Mich- 
ael lIurh'.^■, then pastor of St. Patrick's. w;>.s 
first named as bisliop of the diocese. Father 
Hurley declined tiie honor and Reverend 
John Lancaster Spaldinp: was appointed bis- 
hop, consecrated in New York by Cardinal 
McClosky on ]\Iay 1, 1877, and assumed juris- 
diction in Peoria on May 22, of the same year, 
beinfr installed' by Rifrht Reverend Thomas 
Foley, Bishop of ('liicafro. 

Tlie resident priests of the Chicago diocese 
who labored at Peoria prior to the erection 
of the Peoria diocese in their order were: 

From 1846 to 1850, Fathers John A. Drew, 
"U'illiam Feeley and Raphael Rainaldi. 

October 12, 1850, Reverend Alphonse 
Montuori came as assistant. Father Nicholas 
Stable ministered a short time in ^la.v, 1851. 

Revei'eiid Alplionse Montuori became pas- 
tor May 17, 1851 and built St. Mary's church 
in 1851 and 1852. 

Reverend Thomas Fitzgerald came May 
29, 1853. Reverend Thomas Kennedy came 
on June 6, 1853. Father Michael Hurley was 
his assistant in August and September 1853. 

Reverend James Fitzgerald ministered 
there from Jinie 1, 1856, to February 1, 1857. 

Reverend Michael Donahue was the next 
pastor and remained until Aiigust 1, 1858. 

Reverend ^latthew Dillon was pastor 
fi-om August 27, 1858 to December 11, 1858, 
when he died and his remains were interred 
under the steeple of the church and since 
transferred to St. Clary's eemeterj-. 

Reverend ilichael Donahue became pastor 
again, and remained until Februarv 8, 1850. 
He was succeeded by Reverend Michael Hur 
ley, who remained until ilarch 3, 1859. 

Reverend Henry Coyle was pastor from 
March 5, 1859, to February, 1863. 

Reverend Abram J. Ryan, M'ho afterwards 
became famous as the Poet Priest of the 
South, and lies buried in Mobile, Alabama, 
was here from December 16, 1862, to Sep- 
tember 13. 1863. 

Reverend John Mackin became pastor in 
October. 1863, but remained only a short 
time. Reverend Michael Hurley was pastor 
from January 13, 1864 to February 21, 1868. 
Reverend John Mackin succeeded him and re- 
mained initil June S. 1S71. Then came Rev- 



erend Jolm llalligan, who died in April, 1876. 
Reverend M. Wclby came next and re- 
mained until August lit, 1877. During the 
pastorate of Father AVelby the Peoria dio- 
cese was created. 

St. Mary's — Buffalo Grove ' 
1852 

The luicleus of the Buffalo ({rove parish 
was f((i-med in tlie middle of the nineteenth 
century. In the year 1846 the Rev. Henry 
Fortmann, then resident pastor of Gross 
I'oint, also attended the Catholics living in 
and aro\ind the present parish of Johnsburg, 
iufluding McHenry. On one of his journeys 
to this mission, usuall.v made on horseback, 
he stopped oft' at Wheeling for a little rest, 
and whilst there he heard that some Catholics 
had settled down in Buffalo Grove. On one 
of his Kubsecpient trips to Johnsburg Father 
Fortmann stopped at Buft'alo Grove and soon 
foiuid those for whom he was seeking. The 
news of the presence of the priest quickly 
spread to the few Catholic families living in 
the neighborhood, and the next morning 
found them all gathered in the little log 
cabin of John Simon Hennemann, where Mass 
was said for the first time. This was in the 
fall of 1846. 

In the course of .the next few months a 
number of other Catholic families moved in 
and settled around Buft'alo Grove. With the 
parish gradually increasing in numbers, the 
desire arose to build a church, and for this 
purpose a meeting of the men was called for 
the 15th day of February, 1852. At this and 
a subsequent meeting, which took place on 
^lay 23, plans were formulated, a subscrip- 
tion taken up, and the building of the first 
church of Buffalo Grove begun. Mass was 
said in the new church for the first time on 
Sept. 16, 1852. The dedication of the church, 
however, did not take place until July 26, 
1.S53, when the Rt. Rev. James Oliver Van de 
A'elde, the second bishop of Chicago, blessed 
tlie little edifice and placed it under the pro- 
tection of the Blessed Virgin ]Mary of the Im- 
maculate Conception. 

The joy of the small gi'oup of zealous 
Catholics was not to be of long duration, 
llie frame church which they had erected and 
which was a moninnent to their zeal and de- 
votion was an eye-sore to certain bigoted non- 
Catholics living nearby. During the night of 
the 19th to the 20th of February, 1855, the 
building was totally destroyed by fire, said to 
be tile work of an incendiarv. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page two hundred ninety-one 



Of the boautifiil litth- striictuiv wliicli Imd 
beoii erei'tcil witli so much sacrifice, iiothiiifi' 
reinaiiu'd but a few charred embers. It was 
a serious blow for the small con!;reg;ation. 
lint their staunch Catholic spirit could not be 
crushed, nor tiieir coui'a>i'e liroken. Rall\- 
inp: to the support of their pastor, the Rev. 
-loseph P. CaroHis, who at that time was 
pastor of ]\rcllenr\' and Buffalo Grove, tliey 
immediately formulated jilans and sub- 
scribed to the building of anotiicr church to 
replace the one de.stroyeil liy tire. The 
second cluirch wa.s completed in tiie year 
1856, and served the spiritual needs of the 
parish for forty-three yeai's. 

In the year 189!) the second church was 
finally removed to make way for a larger and 
more substantial building:, built of brick at 
an approximate cost of $28,000. A beauti- 
ful Gothic structure, with a ma.ssive but well 
proportioned tower, it is said to be the finest 
church in the County of Lake — a church of 
which the staunch Catholics of Buffalo Grove 
may well be proud. 

After the parish had been e.stabli.shed in 
the year 1846 by the Rev. Henry Portmann, 
its spiritual needs were attended to by priests 
from Gross Point as well as a number of 
other priests, both secidar and religioys, until 
finally, in the year 1869, the Ri-rht Rev. Bishop 
James Dufjsan appointed the Rev. Joseph 
Goldsehmit as tiie first resident pastor of 
Buffalo Grove. But Father Goldsehmit 's 
stay was of short duration. In ilarch, 1870. 
he was succeeded In- Rev. (xoebbels, who spent 
twenty-one years of fruitful labor amongst 
his beloved farmers. In 1891 he resigned the 
parish and retired from active duty. His 
successor was Rev. Mathias Orth, who re- 
mained in charge of the parish until 1897, 
when he was transferred to ilaple Park, and 
Rev. Anthony Royer of Jlaple Park came to 
Buffalo Grove. Father Royer quickly gained 
the good will of his people and, with their 
willing co-operation, was able to build a l--eau- 
tiful new rectory besides the new churcli 
as stated above, both of which buildings are 
a lasting memorial not only of his untiring 
zeal and devotion to his people, biit also of 
the esteem in which they held him. 

It was with sincere regret that the people 
of Buffalo Grove saw him depart from their 
midst, when lie was transferred to ^NIcHenry 
in the fall of 1907. But a worthy successor 
came in the person of Rev. X. J. Otto, form- 
erly of Franklin Park. During his pastor- 
ate a new two-storv '.rick school building was 



ei-ected at a cost of .$10,000. Aiul when 
Father Otto was transferi-ed to Holy Trin- 
ity parish in Chicago in June, 1916, the debts 
of the parish were practically wiped out. 

The present jiastor. Rev. Frank G. Mattes, 
canie to Buffalo (ii'ove on the otii day of 
July. 1916. 

St. Anne's — St. Anne, 1852 

St. Anne"s was founded by Father (Jharles 
Chiiii(iuy in 1852. Father Chiniquy, previ- 
ously pastor at I'ourbonnais, 111., came to St. 
Anne and built a church for the P'rench Can- 
adian families, which had settled that part 
of Illinois. In 1855 a Catholic boys' school 
was founded by the Christian Brothers. The 
school became popidar and was atteiuled by 
pupils frimi neighboring towns. After a brief 
year's existence the school was abandoned, 
for, unfortunately, the good brothers were 
recalled to Montreal by their superior on 
account of serious troid)les in which the pas- 
tor became involved with the bishop of Chi- 
cago. Chiniquy, accused of misdemeanors, 
openly resi.sted the bishop, was suspended 
and finally excommunicated in 1856. Then 
followed a schi.sm and eventually the apostate 
Chini(iuy, as he is now known, and the ma- 
.iority of his followers drifted into protes- 
tantism. But a few families remained true 
to the Catholic faith. Notable for resisting 
j)erversion and •upholding the Catholic re- 
ligion were: Desii-c Fortier, Julien Beaupre, 
Israel St. Pierre, Pierre Dumont, Leandre 
Rivard and Joseph Pommier. 

The parish, after Chiniquy 's aposta.sy, be- 
came a mission and was attended by neigh- 
boring pastors. Special efforts, however, were 
made to win back the fallen Catholics. Mass 
was said for some time in private homes, until 
a small frame chapel was erected by Father 
Lapointe. After him the following pastors 
had charge of the missionj viz : Fathers 
Cote, Ducoux, Gauthicr, Mareshal, Boisvert. 
Kersten and Demess. 

In 1871 Father Michel Lettellier was ap- 
pointed resident pastor. In 1872 he began 
to erect a stone church, which was not com- 
pleted until many years afterwards. 

Father J. U. Martel, 1882-1886, was the 
second resident pastor. He succeeded in 
getting the Sisters of the Congi-egation de 
Notre Dame de Montreal, Canada, to foimd a 
school in St. Anne. In 18$4 the Sisters 
erected a large brick building, now known as 
St. Ainie Acadediy. which serves as a paro- 
chial and boarding school. 



4 ^ 



■O^^ 



g-ffl 




St. Vitus' Church, Chicago, 1ll/J565 ^ , ?^ ■.n.-v- 




;t Mapy's Church, Riverdale, III. 1666 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred ninety-three 



III 18S6 Father Z. P. Bcrai'd hi'camo pas- 
tor. 

In 1887-8 till" inttn-ioi- of tin- cluuvli was 
(■(iinplf'tcd. Ill 1889 a new parsoiiajje was 
creeted. In .liiiu', 18n;5, the ehurt'h was 
struck by lio'htiiiii<r aiul huriied. In tiie fall 
was begun tiie ereetii)ii of a lar^'er ehureli, 
whieh was (•omi)Ieted by the foUowinn; Easter. 

On July SS, 1888, the first pilgrinuifre, 
consLstinp; of a few hundred ]>ersons, under 
tlie leadership of Fatiier Aeliille L. Bergeron, 
pastor of Xotre naint> church of Chicago, took 
place here. 

The French Canadian people, having a 
great confidence in tlie "'Good >St. Anne" and 
unable to visit the famous shrine of St. Anne 
de Beaupre in Canada, sel<>cted this church, 
bearing her name and having a relic of the 
saint, as a slirinc, trus'ting that by paying 
.-.pecial honors to St. Aiine here where relig- 
ion had been |)crsecuted, they would please 
God and obtain thereby favors through the 
saint's intercession. 

Thus St. Anne's church became a shrine 
and ever since has been visited yearly on 
July 26 by a large nigmber of persons. In 
1.'06 a hall was built to accommodate the 
visitors on St. Ainie's Day and to serve for 
parish ;. urposes. 

St. John the Baptist 

JOLIET, 1852 

The German parish of St. .1 lin the Bap- 
tist was organized in 1801. liy Rev. Father 
J. B. Regal, as.sistant of St. Patrick's, Jolict, 
a Pre-'.chman, speaking German. 

The first church. 40x.')'- ft., was built in 
1852, in Roman style, at a cost of !H18(). The 
first Holy }.lass in this ch-rcli was cele- 
brated by Rev. Christo]ilicr Zucker. Rev. 
•C'a.spar Mueller ( 18.i4-]:.J7), was the first 
resident pastor. The first baptism, recorded 
January 22. IS.'i.'). is of Mary Gertrude, 
daughter of John (iorges. The first mar- 
riage on the same day. of George Lehman, 
and Ciiristina Ilau.sser. The first part of St. 
John's Cemetery was lioyght 18o2 for .'^4;'). 00. 

In iMarch, 18.")7, Rev. Andi'ew Schweigert 
was appoivted pastor. He stayed only until 
Jlay 1 of the .same year. His successor 
was Rev. Joseph Ranch (1857-1859). He 
built the first parsonage consisting of only 
four rooms. After two years of hai'd labor 
h; returned to Munich, Bavaria. His suc- 
cessor was Rev. Charles Kulmin (1859-1865). 
In 1859 he built the first St. Johns parochial 



School. In 1860 he liouglit the first organ 
for St. John's church for $500.00. 

In 18G0 Fathei' Fi'aiicis Xavier Wenniger, 
S. J., preached tiic first inission in St. John's. 
■iHunda.\'. July lil, 1865, during the ser- 
mon of the High .Ma.ss, the church was struck 
by lightning, causii-.g a groat panic in church. 
Many ruslicd for the door, others climbed 
through the windows. Mrs. Phillippina Hart- 
man, ;\Irs. Margaret Engler, Mrs. Mathias 
Engle, Nicholaus Young and Samuel 'Wim- 
mer were killed. As the church was not burn- 
ing, Father Kulmin continued Ma.ss in black 
vestments for the five killed. 

In 186:!, Father Kulmin called the Fran- 
ciscan Sisters from Alleghany, New York, to 
take cha7-ge of the i)arochial school. The 
first Si.sters were Sr. Alfreda and Sr. Bern- 
aa'da. This was the beginning of the pres- 
ent St. Francis Academy. Father Kulmin 
stayed in the parish until April, 1865. 

The parish in 1865 came into the hands 
of the Benedictine P'athers of Chicago, who 
stayed in atid left the jiarish for fourteen days 
alternately. Tlie Benedictine Fathers espec-' 
ially mentioned ai-e : Father Bruno and 
Father Gregory, and as their assistants Fath- 
ers Corbinian and Wendeline, also Father 
Louis Martii-i Fink, later on bishop of Le.'^ven- 
worth. Father Bruno built the sav.etuary 
and a part of the present st.ne church (Goth- 
ic ) . Father Gregory did valuable work in the 
.scho.l. 

The Jie.xt pastor was Rev. Ferdinand All- 
gayer, (Jan. 1866, Jan. 1867). He completed 
the present church, building the west part 
or nave. Rev. Dennis Dunne laid the cor- 
nerstone and Father X. Nolte preached the 
sermon. In January, 1867, Father Allgayer 
was appointed pastor at Kankakee. 

During the first three months of 1867 the 
Redemptorist Father, Albert Scheffler from 
St. ^lichael's, Chicago, was sent to the par- 
ish. He was succeeded by Rev. E. Schilling 
(1867-68). In N<Tvember, 1867, he blessed 
the cemetery. He stayed until April, 1868. 
His successor was Rev. Father X. Nolte 
(1868-76). 

Father Nolte took charge of the parish 
April 14, 1868. \n 1868 he built tl-.e present 
rragnificent stone tower iip to the helmet, 
and addcil another story to the parsonage. In 
187:i he adorned the church, having put in 
■ new altars, pulpit and confessionals at a 
cost of $2,800, also stained glass windows, cost- 
ing $850. To reduce the church debt he held 
a fair for eight davs ai-id cleared about 



HTq: 



"^«- 



^m 







Rev. N.J. Otto 



Holy Trinity Church, Chicago, III. 1665 




Rev.R.Pu^ny 



St. Louis Church, Chicago, III. 1666 



^ 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page tivo hundred ninety-five 



.');12,00(). His last work was tlie installatioi-i 
of a new (>r<rau at cost of $2,500. It is re- 
marked of liim tiiat lie {lave every Siiiiday 
a dollar in the Sunday eolleetion. Jn 1876 
he was assisted by Father Eusebius Mueller. 
O. P. M. Father Nolte died on Dee. 4, 1876. 
His remains lie bnried in the parish ceme- 
tery. 

Dee. 22. 1876, Rt. Rev. Thomas Foley <rave 
the parish in ehar<re of the Franciscan Fath- 
ers. R(^•. Gerhard Keeker, O. F. il. (1876- 
87) was the first Franciscan pastor of the 
parish. In 187!t he completed the tower by 
buildin<r the helmet and bonp:ht three new 
bells. The.v were blessed by Vicar-General 
Daniel J. Riordan. In 1886 he built the 
present magnificent stone school at a cost of 
$16,000. Assistants to Father Gerhard were 
Father Clementine Deyman, O. F. M., and 
Father Liborius Sehaefermeier, 0. F. M. 

Father Becker was sent in January 1887 
to Indianapolis, and in 1894 to San Francisco. 
He died in Santa Barbara, 1896. 

He was succeeded by Rev. Cyprian Baus- 
eheid, 0. F. M. (1887-99), who" reduced the 
debt on the school by $16,000. He also built 
the present monastery. In 1889 he put in 
the church the steamheating plant and bought 
a magnificent organ for $4,000. In 1892 he 
installed the tower clock. In 1895 he im- 
ported from Munich a large set of highly ar- 
tistic statues. He also had electric light put 
in the church. In 1895 he built the Society 
Hall at a cost of $13,850. Rev. Cyriac Stem- 
pel, 0. F. M. was assistant pastor from 1893 
until 1900, and again from 1907 until 1911. 
In January, 1899, Father Bauscheid was re- 
moved to St. Peter's, Chicago; later he became 
Provincial. He died in Ashland, Wisconsin. 
Feb. 18, 1910. 

He was succeeded by Rev. Polycarp 
Rhode. 0. F. M. (Jan., 1899-1908), who en- 
larged the cemetery, buying two and one-half 
acres adjoining land for $1,000. The assistant 
to Father Rhode from Jan., 1899, was Father 
Dominic Florian, O. F. M., who remained 
here until his death, JIarch 26, 1916. In Jan. 
1908, Father Rhode was sent to Cleveland. 
Ohio, where he became pastor of St. Joseph's 
church. 

His successor was Rev. Francis Haase 
(January. 1908-1911). Father Haase was 
very active, and cleared the entire debt of 
the parish. On June 26, 1910, three sons of 
the parish who had become priests celebrated 
their first Holy JIa.ss. They were Rev. James 
Mej-er, O. F. ^I. ; Rev. Charles Sehueter, 0. 



F. M.; Hev. Vitus Hrauu. (). K. .M. In 1911 
Father Haase was made tlie superior of the 
Franciscan Mission Band of St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, and later became pastor of Holy Trinity 
einirch, Dubiivue, Iowa. 

His successor was Rev. Daniel Finken- 
hoefer, (). F. M. (January, 1911-1914). His 
l)rincipal efforts during his stay here as pas- 
tor (he was also chaplain of the penitentiary) 
were directed toward the imi^rovement of the 
cemetery, which he enlarged and beautified. 
1)1 1914 he was sent to St. Anthony's church, 
St. Louis, ilissouri. 

His successor was Rev. Bernard "Weaver, 
O. F. M. (January, 1914, until July. 1918). 
He improved the church by installing a new 
Communion rail, and highly artistic (Munich 
style) stained glass windows. He was sent 
in July, 1918. to Chaska, ^linnesota, where he 
was placed in charge of Guardian Angel 
church. 

His successor is Rev. Germain Heinrichs, 
O. F. M., (July. 1918, until the present writ- 
ing). Father Heinrichs bought the present 
sisters' house, which is now the property of 
the parish. Rev. Theodore Worm, 0. F. M., 
has been assistant since 1916, and Rev. Pacifi- 
cus Kohnen, 0. F. M., since 1918. 

The following men of the parish have 
have entered the priesthood : Rev. Lawrence 
Erhard, Batavia, Illinois; Rev. Charles Haus- 
ser, Seneca ; Rev. Joseph Hausser (died March 
16, 1895) ; Rev. Michael Luen, Rev. Henry 
Hagen, Elizabeth ; Rev. Leonard Linden, 
Aurora ; Rev. Henry Hausser, Elgin ; Rev. 
Salvator Lehmann, 0. F. 'SI., (died March 30, 
1903); Rev. Fortunatus Wausser, 0. F. M., 
Chicago: Rev. James JMeyer, 0. F. M., Chi- 
cago; Rev. Charles Schlueter, 0. F. M., Co- 
lumbus, Neb. : Rev. Vitus Braun, O. F. M., 
Indianapolis, Indiana ; Rev. Anthony Braun, 
O. F. :\I., Qiiincy. 

The following theologians are of St. 
John's: Raymond Wilhelmi. St. Paul Sem- 
inary ; Rev. Father Albert Limacher, 0. F. M., 
West Park, Ohio; Rev. Father Dominic 
Limacher, O. F. :M., West Park, Ohio; Rev. 
Father Natalis Wellner. O. F. M., West Park, 
Ohio; Rev. Father :\Iathias Stein, 0. F. M., 
West Park. Ohio. I'p to the present 72 young 
ladies from the parish have entered the con- 
vent. 

In 1890 the Croatian people (about 40 
families"), who to that time had come to St. 
John's, formed their own parish. 

In 1893 the Polish families (about 80) 
were separated from St. John's and formed 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page two hundred ninety-seven 



henceforth the ])arisli of tht? Holy Cross. As 
long as they were united to St. John's, Rev. 
Damien Koziolek, O. F. IV^., attended tliei.'. 
From 188:3 to 1891 the fathers from 8t. .lohn's 
attended tlie eon<rregatioiis at Ricliton and 
Strassbnrg. The followins: fathers attended 
tliese missions : Rev. Bernardine, O. F. M. ; 
Rev. Engeii, O. F. ^l. ; Rev. Anselm, O. F. M. : 
Rev. Daniel, 0. F. U.; Rev. Stephen, O. F. M., 
and Rev. Waternus, O. F. M. 

The following institutions are under the 
charge of the Franeisean Fiithers of St. 
John 's : 

St. Francis Academy — The chaplains 
were: Rev. Clementine Deyman, O. F. 2,1.: 
Rev. Anselm Mueller, 0. F. M, ; Rev. Michael 
Richard, 0. F. M., and Rev. Nicholaus Chris- 
toffer, 0. F. M., present chaplain. 

Guardian Angel's Orphan Home — The 
fathers always gave their services gratis. At 
present 67 children of the home attend St. 
John's school gratis. Present chaplain. Rev. 
Rudolph Rockel, O. F. M. 

St. Joseph's Hospital— Since 1882. Pres- 
ent chaplain, Rev. Barnabus Scliaefer, 
O. F. M. 

The Illinois State Prison— Since 1877. 
Present chaplain. Rev. Leo Kalmer, O. F. M. 

Mokena, Illinois — Attended to hy Rev. 
Barnabus Schaefer, 0. F. M. 

Societies in the Parish. 

The Third Order of St. Francis — Pro- 
fessed members, 385 ; novices, 385 ; director. 
Rev. Father Leo Kalmer, O. F. M. 

The Court of ilary — 76 members; direc- 
tor, Rev. Theodore Worm, O. F. M. 

The Young Ladies' Sodality — 154 mem- 
bers ; director. Rev. Germain Heinrichs, 
0. F. M. 

The Boys' Sodality — 50 mcmbei's ; direc- 
tor, Rev. Theodore Worm, 0. F. M. 

The Young Men's Club — 175 members; 
director. Rev. Theodore Worm, 0. F. M. 

The ^Married Ladies' Society — 220 mem- 
bers; director. Rev. Germain Heinrichs, 
0. F. M. 

Benevolent Societies — Western Catholic 
Union, men ; Western Catholic Union, women ; 
Catholic Order of Foresters, men ; Catholic 
Order of Foresters, women; St. John's Benev- 
olent Society. 

To St. John's belong at present about 350 
families; 502 children at present attend St. 
John's school. Our teachers are the Sisters 
of the Third Order of St. Francis of Mary 
Immaculate. 



St. Michael's — Chicago, 1852 

St. Mieliael's church, situated at the cor- 
ner of Cleveland Aveinie and Eugenia Street, 
Chicago, was founded in 1852 by the Very 
Rev. Anthony Kopp, vicar-general for the 
Germans. At that time lie was also pastor 
of St. Jo.seph's church. Tlie Redemptorist 
Fathers assumed charge of the parish on Feb- 
rtiai-y 26, ise<). The first pastor was the Rey. 
Joseph Mueller, C. SS. R. The present ) 
churcii, which is a fine, large edifice, in th(> 
Ronianesfiue .style, was built in 1866, and has 
t.'-c distinction of being one of the relics of 
the great Chicago fire, 1871. 

St. Michael's school, ove of the largest in \ 
the city, has an attendance of over 1,700 chil- j 
dren. The upper classes of boys are in charge j 
of the Brothers of M-.u-y. who have been tak- 
ing charge of the school since 187-1. The 
Sisters of Notre Dame are in charge of the 
girls, and the lower grades of boys, and have 
been teaching since 1862. To this school are 
attached also St. Michael's high school for 
boys and girls, and St. Gerard 's kindergarten, 
the latter being under the care of the Poor 
Handmaids of Christ. These sisters likewise 
attend the sick in their homes without dis- 
tinction of creed or nationality. 

In the parish are various societies. Thus, 
the Holy Faii-iily for the married as well as 
for the single men and women. Then the 
Altar Sodality for the married women, as also • 
for the unmarried; the Living Rosarr, a so- 
ciety of over 1,100 members ; the Sacred Heart 
League, still in its pri.stine fervor; the Ladies' 
Catholic Benevolent Association ; Western 
Catholic Union, and the Catholic Order of 
Foresters. 

Immaculate Conception 
Morris, 1852 

In a Catholic sense, ilorris is, indeed, his- 
toric ground. Fathers Mar(|uette and Hen- 
nepin, and Chevaliers La Salle, Tonti and 
Joliet passed up and down this section on 
their tours of exploration, and not far distant 
from this city Rev. Gabriel de la Ribourde, a 
devout Franciscan Recollect, was killed by 
Kickapoo Indians on May 19, 1680, the first to 
give up his life for the P'aith on the soil of 
Illinois. None save Indians, however, then in- 
liabited the.se parts, hence we must look to a 
much later date for the organization of the 
Church here. 

Many Catholics, for the most part Irish, 
came to Grundy County between 1844 and 



+ o 



^o-c^ 



^4- 




Rev. FJ.Schikowski 




Rev. Chas. {^ Eckert 





I^ev 
J.M.Schaefers 



St. Martin's Church. Chicago. III. 1666 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page tico hundred ninety-nine 



184S. owiiitr til till' cd •stmiftioii of the Illinois 
and Miciiifran canal. Those in iarfre numbers 
settled at Dresden Ileifrhts, souii." nine miles 
to the east of Morris, at the confluenee of the 
Des Plaines and Kankakee Rivers, to form the 
Illinois. Fathers Ilijiiiolyte l)n Pontaviee Iniilt 
a elnireh at this place in 1845, as near a.s can 
be determined. This was the first church 
erected in (irundy County, and it served the 
Catholics for many miles about for years. 
The Dresden Church wa.s closed in 1864, and 
althou<rh no trace of it now remains, the ceme- 
tery wliich surrounded it is still kept in fair 
condition, and is one of the show places of 
the country. 

Father Du ' Pontaviee was. from all ac- 
counts, a priest of jireat missionary zeal and 
sainted character. He and his successor. 
Father Thomas (VDoniiell, attended to the 
spiritual wuiiits of the early settlers and canal 
workers scattered between Joliet and Ottawa. 
When we read of the labors of priests like 
Fathers Du Pontaviee and O'Donnell, we real- 
ize the truth of Theodore Roosevelt's tribute 
to the pioneer missionaries: "They had in 
them the heroic spirit, the spirit that scorns 
ease, the spirit that courts risk; in times of- 
hard endeavor the,v went forth to do the rough 
work that must inevitably be done by those 
who act as the first liarbinu;ers, the first her- 
alds of civilization in the world "s dark places." 

In 1852 the first ciiurch was built in Mor- 
ris. Father Patrick Terr.v was the first 
pastor. One who knew Father Terry well 
says of him: "He was a man more than si.x 
feet in hei<rht, co.ssack-like in appearance — he 
had a voice that sounded like the roar of a 
lion, but with all that he was a sharp man, 
a good financier, and a most worthy and noble 
priest of God "s Church. 

Father Terry was succeeded in 1859 by 
Father Michael Lyons. In Father Lyons' 
records many interesting items are fouv.d. 
Thus, under date of June 3, 1868, we read: 
"Confirviation was administered by Rt, Rev. 
J. Duggan to 200 old and young. The Bishop 
remained for two days, and upon his depar- 
ture iTceived his Cathedratieum of $50.00. " 
The present Cathedratieum of this pari.sh is 
$54.00, not a great increase. I'nder date of 
January 1, 1864, we read that "the ther- 
mometer fell to 38 below zero on that date." 
Rev. Thomas Ryan, who succeeded leather 
Lyons, built the present ilorris church in 
1866. 

^linooka and Highland (now Kinsman) 
were at that time out-missions of Morris. This 



ncccssitafcd tlic services of an assistant at 
Morris. This position was filled for many 
years by Rev. I'eter Corcoran. 

Rev. .1. F. Dcvinc was pa.stor of Morris, 
1869 and lS7(t. In the latter year Rev. Hugh 
()'(iara M<'Siiane was appointed pastor of 
Morris. Father McShane was much beloved 
li\ his congregation, and his work in the cause 
of ti'mperance is still spoken of by the older 
parishioners. 

Tiic baptismal and iiiari'iagc records of 
Father ilcShane preserved Kere are fascinat- 
ing in penmanship, grace and beaut.v; written 
invariably in Latin, the.v remind one of the 
illuminated manuscripts of the middle ages. 

Father F. W. Symthe >iucceeded Father 
.McShane in 1874, and remained in charge 
until 1881, when he in turn was succeeded by 
Rev. Dennis Hayes. Father Ha.ves w-as ex- 
tremely popular in Jlorris. lie built the 
present parochial residence in 1883. In that 
,vear he was siieceeded by Rev. Joliii Hendock, 
who remained in charge until 1889. Father 
Hemlock is still remembei-ed with kindliest 
feelings by the people here. 

hi 1889 Rev. Lawrence Meehan began his 
long and successfid pastorate in ^lorris. 
Father ilechau built the present ])arocliial 
School, and his fourteen years as pastor were 
characterized by unremitting zeal and en- 
ergy. Father .Meehan was succeeded in 1908 
by his brother. Rev. William Meehan. During 
the latter "s pastorate the church w-as practic- 
ally destro.ved b,v fire, but by his activity it 
was soon reconstructed. The Rev. J. J. 
D'Arcy succeeded Rev. William Meehan in 
1907, and remained in charge until his trans- 
fer to St. Agatha's church, Chicago', Novem- 
ber, 1915. Father D'Arcy "s scholarly attain- 
ments and diplomatic address succeeded in 
dissipating a great deal of the religious pre- 
judices of which ^Morris has always had more 
than its share. 

The Immaculate Conception church, Mor- 
ris, has been blessod almost from its inception 
with a parochial school. The Sisters of the 
Holy Cross from St. Clary's, Indiana, have 
alwa.vs been in charge. At jtresent 140 chil- 
dren are in attendance. St. Angela's Acad- 
emy, also ill charge of the Sisters of the Holy 
Cross, is located at IMorris. Some 55 board- 
ers and 40 day pupils are at present enrolled 
at St. Angela's. Twent.v-two sisters make up 
the facult\\ and thei-e are few schools better 
known or of more general excellence. 

Several distinguished men and women 
claim ilorris as their earl\' lioiiie. Monsignor 



■»"0- 



ss 




Rev ML.Kruszas 



St. George's Church, Chicago, III. 1666 



Diamond Jubilee 



Pa(/e fliree hundred one 



M. •!. Fitzsiniinaiis <rfc\v to nianluKKi lu^rc, and 
tlic iTsideiits of Morris, irrespective of reli^'- 
ioiis belief, si)eak of him with jiride and rever- 
ence. . Rev. Patrick 'I'iiiav is also looked upon 
as one of our most distin<ruished sons. Fath- 
ers Root and Schorsch of the Conjrrefration of 
the Missions are products of Morris. Rev. 
Francis Byrnes of St. Ita'.s church, Chieafro, 
is a native of Morris, and fi-equentlv visits 
the scenes of his cliildliohd. As a layman the 
outstanding: fifiuiv in the history of the Cath- 
olic ("hurch ill I^lorris Is that of John Mc- 
Neil is. 

Cornelius Reardon, himself a prominent 
member of our church, and a leadiiij; attorney 
of this section, writiiij; in the histor.v of 
Grundy County, says of this man: "No his- 
tory of the Catholic Church in M«rris would 
be complete without special mention of the 
jjood deeds of John McNellis. lie was a man 
who in pioneer days in these parts, by stead.v 
•indtistry and native ability, accumulated a 
va.st fortune. In the days of his affluence he 
gave unsparingly to the church. The ground 
now known as the Immaculate Conception 
parish propert.v wa.s his gift, and his cash 
contributions were always in full proportion 
to his va.st means. He gave also to the Sisters 
of' the Holy Cross the ground on which St. 
Angela's Academy stands. Mr. McNellis was 
a man of no education, h'; was of rough ex- 
terior, hut withal he had a kind, warm h'-art. 
and his daily life and character mi^ht well 
be patterned after. He died in 1889, most of 
his pro.ert.v having l>een lost through busi- 
ness reverses."" 

The following Catholic Societies have 
lodges in Morris: Catholic Order of Foi:- 
esters. Women's Catholic Order of Foresters, 
National Daiightei's Order of Isabella and the 
Knights of Columbus, the latter called the ])u 
Pontavice Council, in honor of the sainted 
Father I)\i Pontavice. There are also here 
such chiji'ch societies as the Altar and Rosary 
Society, the Young Ladies' Sodality, the 
League of th* Sacred Heart, the Childreii of 
Mary, the St. Aloysius Sodality, the Mount 
Carmel Cemetery (iuild, the Visitation and 
Aid Society, and the IIol.v Name Society. 

A nr.-table event of recent years was the 
visit of His (.irace. Most Rev. Archbishop 
Mundelein. to Morris, June 8, 1!>17. The 
eomnuuiit.v at large was anxious to greet the 
great churchmaM. aiul the impression made by 
His (Jrace was deep and lasting. 



A striking event of the i)ast \car was the 
erection in Mt. Carmel cemetery of a beautiful 
receiving vault. The structure i.s of marble, 
and built in the Corintl^.ian style. The vault 
cost $12,000. aiul is the generous gift of the 
John Carolan lieirv. 

The Catholic |>ropcrly in .Mori'is is the 
largest and most valuable of any church prop- 
erty in the city, estimated as worth $80,000. 
The church is in the Roman style of archi- 
tecture, the school Byzantine, and the resi- 
dence has been recentl.v modernized. 

Rev. I). J. Tuoh.v is the present pastor. He 
luis as trustees 1). .1. llynds and P. J. "Walsh. 

St. Michael's — Wheaton, 1852 

As a Catholic parish, AVbeat»n is but a link 
in that long chain of parishes foMided by the 
eavly German settlers on that wide expanse 
of prairie land stretching from Chicago to 
Aurora. The origin of this parish dates back 
to the pioneer days of ISoO, when eggs sold 
at 'i cents a dozen, butter at 6 cents a pound, 
a head of cattle oidy $12, and 8 cents for a 
chicken, when land in this section of the 
state still sold at $1.00 an acre, which today 
is valued at .$800. In those days no railroads 
cut across couutrv, and the vast prairies were 
mostl.y uncultivated and laden with timber. 
Trwns were not .vet established, and "Wheaton 
was still a fairy dream. Wheatov derives its 
name from the brothers. "Warren L, "Wlieaton 
and J. P. Wheat ••, who together with Eras- 
tus Gary, the father of the president of the 
I'nite.' States Steel Corporation, Judge Albert 
E. H. Gary, were the first settlers (1836), 
and obtained the land on which is located the 
present site of Wheaton by government grant. 
They established their land claims as Romu- 
lus and Remus established the eit.v of Rome; 
with a yoke -of oxen each one plowed up a 
section comprising about one s(|uare mile, and 
thereby laid title to the land. Thus the 
Wheaton brothers owned all the land south, 
whilst Mr. Gary owned all that north of the 
North Western Railroad tracks, to which both 
donated the land for the right of way. The 
North Western began the construction of the 
(Jaleua division in 1849. 

The first Catholics in this locality were of 
Irish nationality, who sold out to the Germans 
in about 18.50, and left for Lemont and The 
Sag. The first German Catholics to settle 
here were (1846) Sebastian Rickert and fam- 
il •. Mike Warnei- and family, the Damm fam- 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred three 



ily, tlu" Drciul.'l faiuil.w .larol) MilliT, Fiv,i 
<'ri('k Jlillor. 

1847 — Nicliolas Dictor, .ioliii Adam IIi)ff- 
mann, wliose son, Frank Hoffmann, Ijorii in 
1838, still lives here, enjoys ^ood health, and 
is about to celebrate his jjolden weddiiifr. 

1848— Balthazar Stark, Adam Stark, Jolm 
Stark, John Ilunimei. h'rank Miller, Mathias 
Hahn. 

I8i)0-51 — John Lies, ^Mathias Krie<r, (jeo. 
Klein, Paul Warner, Riem, .lolui Kuhii. Mike 
Thoman. 

Owinu; to the Gei-iiian lievolution of 1848 
there was a stronu; intlux of Germans dui-inij 
these years; many, however, left this locality 
for Meiidota ; these Germans were mostly 
from Baden, Bavaria and Alsatia. The otily 
Catholic chiu'ch in this rejrion at this time was 
at Xapcrville. 

In 1852 \,e find the first docnmctary evi- 
dence of an orjranized Catholic parish at (iret- 
na, about two miles north of AVheaton, com- 
monly called Jlilton. The first board of trus- 
tees consisted of Frederich ilueller, Sebastian 
Rickert, George Klein and Mathias Krie<j. 
Patil Warner donated the land for the ]\Iilton 
church and cemetery. Among the first gifts 
to the Milton parish we find recorded $20.00 
bj' the Catholic Bishop of Chicago. The first 
priest to visit this mission was Father Zueker, 
later came Father Carolus, who introduced the 
first parish records of sacraments adminis- 
tered in 1859. After his tragic death by a 
fall from his buggy owing to his heavy weight, 
the Milton mission was attended by the f-1- 
lowing priests in the succession mentioned : 
Reverends ]\Iax Albrecht, Joseph ilueller, 
Julius Ruenzer, C. SS. R., Corbinian, O. S. B.. 
and Peter Fisclier. In 1867 an addition was 
built to the Milton church. From fifteen miles 
around the Catholics would attend the Corpus 
Christi outdoor processions at Jlilton, and 
then the Yanks would say: "The Catholics 
are shooting the de:il today."' In 186f) Fath- 
er Wiederholt was appointed to organize the 
Winfield parish, and after that he adminis- 
tered to all the Catholics in this vicinity. 

On March 30, 1882, the Reverend William 
De la Porte was appointed the first pastor at 
Wlieaton, which was to include the Milton 
mission. In 1879 the Catholics of Wheaton, 
abfmt fifty families strong, had already begun 
to build a church on the present site. They 
did not complete the actual suiierstrueture of 
wood until 1882. It was dedicated the same 
year by Archbishop Patrick A. Feehan, D. D. 
The building committee of the first church 



(■'»n.^isted of John Sauei', .Martin .Stark, \'al. 
Kniiii. The Milton parish was discontinued 
in 1880, when tiie Chicago (Jreat Western 
Kaili'oad built its roadbed across the front of 
the church, and thus deprive<l the parish of 
its right-of-way, for which the courts com- 
pelled the I'oad to pay an indemnity of $2,600. 

In September. 1891. the Redemptorist 
Fathers ?]bel and Wciiei' conducted a one- 
week's mission here. 

The present rectoi'y was built in 18S9. On 
February 15, 1892, the Wheaton church was 
totallydestroyed by fiiv. Its reconstruction 
was taken up innnediately, and on July 24, 
1S92, the present edifice was dedicated by the 
Most Reverend Archbisho]) Patrick A. Fee- 
han, n. 1). The building committee for the 
present structure were: ilike Kuhn, Peter 
Lenei'tz. Josejih Hoffmann, Mat. Seeker and 
^'al. Kuhu. The total cost of building was 
$20,000. In 1902 an additional school build- 
ing was erected from the lumber of the Mil- 
ton chvrch. 

Father William l)e la Porte, organizer and 
pastor of St. Michael 's church, Wheaton, saw 
the -light of day on :May 11, 1841, at Burg 
Stainfurt, Westphalia. After completing his 
classic.s and philosophy at ]Mnnster he sailed 
for America in 1863, and entered the Chicago 
Seminary of St. Mary's of the Lake. He was 
the oidy German '.tudent in attendance. Or- 
dained tf) the holy priesthood on April 7, 1866, 
he said his first Mass at St. Pttter's church, 
of which Father Peter Fischer was pastor. 
In July of the same year the seminary closed 
its ]iortals permanently. On August 5. 1866, 
Father De la Porte received his first appoint- 
ment as pastor to Xapcrville, to succeed 
Father ]\Iax Albrecht. Here he completed 
the church, adding the tower, pillars aud 
sanctuary. He also built a parsonage and 
convent. In 1873 he obtained the services of 
the Joliet sisters for the Naperville school. 
Owing to hay-fever Father De la Porte re- 
signed his pastorate at Naperviile in 1878, 
and taught one year at the Pio Xono College, 
St. Francis, Wisconsin, and assisted Father 
Peter P''ischer at St. Anthony's two years 
until apjiointed pastor at Wheaton in 1882. 
Seven years he lived in the basement of the 
'.hurch, taught school every day, and attended 
to the ^lilton mission every two weeks. Per- 
sonally Father De la Porte donated $1,000 
toward building the rectory and $3,000 to re- 
build the church after the fire. In 1905 the 
parish was comi)letely free of debt, and in 
recoijiiition thereof Archbishop James E. 




1 



Rev. 5. Chole ^inikf ^ ^^^ ^^- ^^^^ nowski 




1 

Rev.y/. Cfze2 /»4A/ 



^ 



:iLi 11 









1^ 



St Joseph's Church, Chicago, III. 1667 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hmidred five 



Quigley conferred upon the pastor the title 
of "Permanent Rector." Father I)e la Porte 
has had the sinj^ular honor of celebrating the 
goldeti jubilee of his oi-dination on May 15, 
1916, in good health and in the presence of 
Archbishop George W. Mundelein, D. D., and 
a distinguished number of priests. His par- 
ishioners commemorated the occasion by prec- 
ious gifts to their pastor. After fifty-three 
years of faithful service in the Lord's vine- 
yard Father De la Porte resigned his pastor- 
ate in June. 1919, and retired to Lombard to 
spend his declining years with the Reverend 
Anthonj- Boecker. A eoncursus was an- 
nounced to fill said vacancy, and the Rev- 
erend Francis J. Ep.stein was appointed by 
the Most Reverend George W. Mundelein, 
D. D., to the Wheaton pastorate, July 11, 
1919. Born of a well known Catholic family 
at Chicago, on June 22, 1880, he, together 
with his brother, the Reverend Charles Ep- 
stein, pastor of St. Francis Assisi church, Chi- 
cago, began his classic studies at Milwaukee, 
completed them at Teutopolis, Illinois, and 
after a two-years' course of philosophy at 
Quincy, Illinois, was selected to take up a 
special course of theology at the much-famed 
University. Innsbruck, in the Tyrol. Or- 
dained to the priesthood in 1905, Father 
Epstein celebrated his first Mass in the birth 
place of both his parents in the charming 
town of 'Villmar ad Lahn, Gennany. 

His first appointment was to the curacy at 
St. Clara's, Woodlawn City. Three years 
later he was transferred together with his pas- 
tor, to the magnificent Church of St. Martin, 
Chicago. In August, 1913, Father Francis 
was called to his first pa.storate at St. Peter's, 
Volo. This parish of but fifty families called 
for complete re-organization and reconstruc- 
tion. This task was about completed when 
Father Francis receved his archbishop's sum- 
mons to organize the new St^ William 's in 
Mont Clare at the northwest of the city limits, 
in May, 1916. Here he found a portable 
church, which he embellished and continued 
in use, as building was quite impossible, the 
country having entered the "World War. 

During his brief pastorate at Wheaton, 
Father Epstein has had the rectory com- 
pletely remodeled, doubled the seating ca- 
pacity of the school, which is being attended 
by two hundred children under the direction 
of six venerable Sisters of St. Francis from 
Greenfield, Milwaukee. The early erection of 
a new spacious school to accommodate four 
hundred children of the grammar and high 



school grades is contemplated. Thirty thous- 
and dollars have already been raised for this 
purpose during 1919 and 1920. 

P^irthermore, owing to Father Epstein's 
initiative, a new parish is about to be organ- 
ized at Cloverdale, six miles north of Wheaton, 
to which fifty families have stibscribed $2.'),000. 

The following societies are promoting the 
social and spiritual welfare of our parish 
members : Sacred Heart League ; Confra- 
ternity of the Immaculate Heart of Mary; 
the Catholic Woman's League of Wheaton; 
St. Rose Young Ladies' Sodality; St. Alicia's 
Court, W. C. O. F.; St. Michael's Court. C. 
0. F. ; the Joan d' Arc Girls' Sodality; the 
Catholic Boy Scouts. 

About fifty boys of Wheaton parish an- 
swered their country's call during the great 
World War, eight of whom merited the silver 
star. The people of St. Michael's did their 
full quota in the Liberty Loan drive, and the 
various other war activities. 

Diocese of Quincy — 1852 

In 1852 the Fathers of the First Baltimore 
Plenary Council petitioned the Holy See to 
divide the diocese of Chicago. By a bull, 
dated July 29, 1853, the request was granted, 
Quincy made the seat of the new diocese, and 
the Very Rev. Joseph Mdcher, Vicar-General 
of St. Louis, appointed as its first occupant. 
Father Melcher declined the nomination, and 
Rome accepted his refusal. In 1868, when 
appointed to the new see of Green Bay, Wis- 
consin, he accepted. The refusal of one mitre 
and the acceptance of another less congenial 
to him became the theme of many specula- 
tions. It wa-s asserted that the Duke of 
Modena, his patron, had him reserved in petto 
for the diocese of Modena at the time of the 
Quincy appointment, a favor he could no 
more bestow after his expulsion from Italy 
in 1860. 

When Bishop Van de Velde left Chicago 
for Natchez, Mississippi, the new Diocese of 
Quincy was administered by the Most Rev. 
Peter R. Kenrick, Archbishop of St. Louis. 
When Bishop O "Regan took charge of the Dio- 
cese of Chicago tli€ administration of the 
Quincy Diocese devolved- upon him. 

Diocese of Alton Established. 
Meanwhile objections were raised against 
Quincy as tlie proper location for tlie South- 
ern Illinois diocese. Being in the northwest- 
ern corner of its territory, one nearer the 




RevT.A.Canty Rev.H.PCou^Mn Rev.EPKelley Rev. PP Dunne 




Visitation Church, Chicago. III. 1666 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred seven 



center wa.s deoniod to be more desirable. So 
thoup:lit tlie bisliops of the St. Jjouis province, 
in council assembled, in the city of St. Louis, 
October, 18.55; and. in consequence, sent a pe- 
tition to Konx' to have the See of Quincy re- 
moved to Alton, and the name of the Rev. 
Henry Damian Juiicker, rector of the Ennuan- 
uel church, Dayton, Ohio, setit as the first 
choice of the council. By a bull of Janiuirv 
9, 1857, the See of Quiticy was transferred to 
Alton, and Father .luncker made its first 
bishop. 

At his arrival the Diocese of Alton was 
supplied with 58 churches ; five were beiufr 
constructed; 30 stations were visited by the 
elerfry to the number of 28 ; six young men 
were studying for the missions; there were 
two female academies, and a population of 
about 50,000. 

fST. Francis Assisi — Chicago, 1853 

St. Francis Assisi church is one of the 
landmarks of Catholicity in Chicago, and the 
oldest German parish on the West Side. It 
was organized in the year 1853. Its first 
church building was a frame structure, cost- 
ing $2,000, and seating 400 people. It was 
I situated on the corner of Clinton and Mather 
J Streets. It served as the house of worship 
until the year 1866, when it was sold to old 
St. Paiil's, an English-speaking congregation, 
in whose service it remained until 1871, when 
it was utterly destroyed by the fireat fire. 

The first priest assigned to St. Francis was 
Rev. F. B. Weikamp, who served it from July, 
1853, to September, 1855. In that year lie 
left Chicago to labor among the Indians of 
Cross Village, and there his labors bore abund- 
ant fruit for many yeai"s. 

Hi': successor, Rev. Caspar H. Ostlangen- 
berg, was appointed in January, 1857, and 
remained iu charge until January 3, 18511. 

These first pastors had previou.sly assisted 
at St. Peter's. 

For the ne.xt six months, January 3, 1859, 
to June 30, Rev. Ignatius Schuirch (Signed 
"Missionarius") attended the growing par- 
ish: 1859 was also the year iu whieli Rev. 
Ferdinand Kalvelage, the real founder of St. 
Francis Assisi, was appointed. He was the 
Pastor Bonus, and spent his life for his flock. 

Under his pastorate the parish grew to one 

of the most tlourishing of Chicago. In 1866 

it was deemed imperative to erect a new 

; church. The site .selected was the South East 



corner of Xe\v'i)tM-ry Avenue and Twelftii 
Street, now called Roosevelt Road. 

The church built on this site cost .i>65,000. 
It was a brick structure, 66 feet wide, 160 
feet long, with Walls 45 feet high. Its tower 
was cDinpleted in 1875, and rose to the noble 
lieigiit of 1!)() feet. Later on it was e(|uipped 
with a clock and a set of bells. It was noted 
in its day for its interior lieauty of windows, 
paintings and statiuiry; for its great white 
altars, and its organ, which when finished cost 
.$5,000. 

This eliurcli reinaiucd in service until Jan- 
uai'y, 1904, when it was destroyed by fire. In 
a few hours the noble edifice lay in utter ruin, ) 
save the sanctuary and altars, which I'cmain 
intact to this day. 

The pastorate of Father Kalvelage may 
well be termed the goldcM era of St. Francis 
parish. Each year the membership grew, and 
new buildings replaced the old. Thus the 
first wooden school buildings made way for 
one of the largest schools iu Chicago at that 
time. Its fouudatioii was laid in 1881, and , 
it was ready for occupancy in 1884. It con- 
tains 16 spacious class-rooms and one of the 
largest parochial auditoriums of the diocese 
even toda.v. It is constructed of brick, cov-/ 
ers an area of 71x130 feet, and cost $63,000. 

In 1867 the Sisters of St. Francis of Joliet 
took charge of the school. As the attendance 
grew it was decided that the boys' department 
be placed under the control of firmer liands. 
these were : Charles Ranker, Casimir Rapp, 
For a time laymen were engaged. Among 
Joseph Maiwurm, J. A. Bauer, (1872-1882), 
and Peter Jene, (Xovember 1876-September, 
1882). 

In 1883 the Brothers of Mary of Dayton, 
Ohio, a.ssouned charge of the boys' grades, and 
remained until 1907, when owing to the 
changes in that i)art of the city, the school 
declined iu attendance to such a degree that i 
the splendid services of these excellent in- I 
structors of our Catholic youth had to be dis- J 
pensed with. Their stay lasted just 20 years, 
but that short period tells the story of St. 
Francis in its glory and in its decline. 

After the completion of a home for the 
sisters and brothers Father Kalvelage built 
the parsonage, which is in service to this day. 
It was completed in 1885, and cost .$11,000. 
It was originally located on Twelfth Street, 
next to the church, but iu 1917, owing to the 
widening of that street, it w;is moved to New- 
berry Avenue, ad.jaceut to the school. On 



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!^^BB 



Rqv. O. Groenebaurn 




Rev D.i^.D/edre'/ch 



St. Nicolas' Church, Evanston, III. 1(367 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred nine 



the site thus vacated, a drug store was built, 
which yields a monthly income in support of 
St. Francis mission school. 

These were truly yeai*s of splendid activity 
on behalf of Catholic life and Catholic educa- 
tion. The fruit of Father Kalvelage's un- 
tiring labors and thorough priestly life was a 
rapid development of sodalities and Catholic 
societies, which indicate the organized strength 
of a parish. 

The unflagging zeal of this devoted pastor 
came to an end in the year 1893, in the mouth 
of August, when the Master whom he had 
striven to serve so faithfully, called him to his 
eternal reward. 

The school had been a huge undertaking 
and caused him, as stated in his last testa- 
ment, untold worry and hastened his death, 
leaving him penniless, without funds even to 
defray the expenses of his funeral. The num- 
ber of priests and lajTnen, however, who at- 
tended it, was an eloquent testimonial of the 
high appreciation in which he was held by the 
clergy and laity of the city. 

Father Kalvelage was born June 27, 1829, 
in Lohne, Oldenburg, Diocese of Munster, 
Grermany. At the age of 20 years he came 
to America and entered the Seminary of St. 
Mary of the Lake. He completed his studies 
in the Seminary of Corondelet, in St. Louis. 
He was ordained in June, 1854, by Archbishop 
Kenrick. His first appointment was to Free- 
port, where he remained until 1859, when he 
was called to the pastorate of St. Francis of 
Assisi. 

Father Kalvelage was instrumental in the 
erection of the Alexian Brothers ' Hospital of 
this city. He was also an administrator of 
St. Boniface cemetery, and the orphan asylum 
at Roseland. In token of esteem he was chos- 
en to preside over the German Priester Ver- 
ein, which has since passed out of existence, 
but which at that time was an important 
factor in the solution of problems which 
were encountered by the German as well as 
the other peoples that immigrated to this 
land of promi.se. 

In the month of August, 1893, Rev. Dennis 
Thiele, at present pastor of St. Mathias 
church, in Ravenswood, was honored with the 
appointment as successor to Father Kalvelage. 
His pastorate lasted 17 years. 

During this time, in spite of zealous and 
energetic effort, the decline of St. Francis, as 
well as of other parishes on the West Side 
was inevitable. With the influx of a non- 
Catholic population, the German Catholic as 



well as the Irish, who had made this district 
thoroughly Catholic, left in increasing num- 
bers until St. Francis As.sisi was but a frag- 
ment of what it had been. 

This was the condition which greeted in 
more emphatic realization the Rev. Anthony 
Leising, who succeeded to the pastorate in 
1910. The fate of the pari.sh was sealed. No 
human power could alter it. 

To help a good cause, however, and to 
utilize the class-rooms of the immense school, 
Father Leising invited the Guardian Angel 
Settlement, of which Miss Mary Amberg was 
the soul and inspii-ation, to make St. Francis 
school its home. 

The conditions were so discouraging and 
depressing that after seven years of courage- 
ous effort the health of Father Leising suf- 
fered an almost fatal collapse, so that he felt 
it imperative to retire. 

The pastorate of Father Thiele Ls note- 
worthy for the erection of St. Francis church 
as it now stands. After the destruction by 
fire in 1904, he succeeded in reconstructing, 
in that same year, a church resembling very 
closely the old St. Francis. The sanctuary 
(though enlarged) and the two sacristies, are 
the same as originally. The lofty white al- 
tars, somewhat diminished in size, also re- 
main, and recall to the returning parishioners 
the days of old. Mr. Henry Brinkmann was 
the architect. 

It would have caused no surprise, if in 
the year 1916, St. Francis Assisi had been 
abandoned. The wideiting of Twelfth Street 
(as it was then called) had been determined 
iipon. The church and rectorj- would have to 
recede 32 feet from the thoroughfare. Now, 
if ever, the time for the dissolution of St. 
Francis parish seemed at hand. 

Even in 1904, the year of the fire, the re- 
building was deemed unwise by many. Now 
only three class-rooms of the large school were 
occupied, and onlj- 50 members had signed the 
petition in 1916 to retain St. Francis Assisi 
as a parish. 

Still, let it be said to tlie wisdom and fore- 
sight of Archbishop Mundelein, this old land- 
mark of Catholicity was saved for a future 
of great usefulness. The moving of the church 
was decided upon, and the Rev. Charles H. 
Epstein, pastor of Maiy Immaculate, Plain- 
field, 111., was sent to St. Francis, a very try- 
ing pastorate for years, but doubly so at this 
time. 

The moving of tlie church was a feat of 
engineering. IMonths of preliminary work 



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^ + 




Ae\/ DM.. Th,e/e 




^ 



St. Mathias' Chuhch. Bowmanville, III. 1667 




Re.v. iJ F R.ws.'^ 



c 




R«v J A. W<3/sh 



St. Behnard's Church, Chicago, III. 1667 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred eleven 



preceded tlic aotuiil operation, durinii w?ik'Ii 
services coiitinutHl as usual. In Jlay, iyi7. 
it was nioved back 82 feet, in the short space 
of three days, upon new and permanent feun- 
datious. The rectory was then likewise moved 
to its present location on Newbery Avenue, 
and in the fall of that year, the drug store 
erected uext to the church, on Roosevelt road. 

The wideninfr of Twelfth Street made 1917 
a year_ memorable to the city and church. It 
was the year, too, of reconstruction for St. 
Francis Assisi. 

The district was now peopled by Italian 
immigi'ants. Thousands of children were at- 
tending the non-religious schools and drifting 
away from Mother Church. It was a vital 
problem which pressed for solution. The in- 
spiration of the pastor, to gather these im- 
migrant children into St. Francis school. wa.s 
immediately seconded and eneoui-aged by the 
Most Reverend Archbishop. This was the be- 
ginning of the extended activity, now evident 
on the West Side, utilizing the old buildings 
of declining parishes for the Catholic educa- 
tion of Italian girls and boys. 

In the summer of that year His Grace sent 
Father John T. Wagcner to assist in this mis- 
sionary enterprise. And thus pastor and as- 
sistant started a campaign for Catholic edu- 
cation. The district assigned to St. Francis 
was thoroughly canvassed; every Italian fam- 
ilj' visited : in every home the cause of Cath- 
olic education explained. In a short time St. 
Francis school was popularized in the district. 

Meantime the large school of sixteen rooms, 
long in disuse, and the auditorium were reno- 
vated and equipped again as of old, for edu- 
cational purposes. 

The opening day in September presented 
a new spectacle to the neighborhood. The old 
school came back to life. The children flocked 
around the Catholic Sisters and crowded the 
class-rooms. Each year since has added to 
the number of the pupils, so that todaj' 600 
children attend the mission school. It is in 
charge of the Sisters of St. Francis of Joliet. 

A relief center has also been established. 
The thi'ce priests now active here are na- 
tives of Chicago : Rev. Charles H. Epstein 
is a son of St. Francis church. Boi'n in 1879, 
he attended the parish school throughout the 
grades, with the exception of one year at St. 
Columbkille's. He studied the classics and 
philosopliy respectively with the Franciscan 
Fathers at Teutopolis and Quincy, Illinois, 
and theology at St. Mary's Seminary, Balti- 
more. After his ordination by Archbishop 



Quigley in 1904, he was sent as assistant to 
St. Aloysius parish, Cliicago; in 1906, sent, 
a-s first resident pastor, to Plainfield, Illinois, 
and in 1916, November 18,, recalled to Chi- 
cago, to the pastorate of St. Francis Assissi. 

Father .lohn T. Wagener, born in Chicago 
on May 2.'i, 1892, attended St. Francis Xavier 
parociiial school. He entered C'atliedral Col- 
lege in 1906. He was sent to Rome in 1911 
to study philosophy and theology. He was 
ordained June 2, 1917, and appointed to St. 
Francis on July 28. the same year. 

Father Francis D. ^lucller was appointed 
to St. Francis on October 4, 1919. Born in 
C;hicag(), August 4, 1898, attended St. Jos- 
eph's parochial school. He attended Cathed- 
ral College from 1906 to 1911. He studied 
philosophy at St. Paul Seminary. In 1913 he 
was sent to Rome to finish his education. He 
was ordained April 19, 1919. 

The organized develojunent of St. Francis 
owes its achievements in the past and present 
in no .small measure to the reverend clergy 
who acted as assistants to the various pastors. 
They follow in order : 

Francis L. Juncker, 1867 ; John Meiler, 
1868 ; Bernard Baak, 1870 ; Charles Sehnuec- 
kel, 1872; Anthony Schmitz, 1874; August 
Wonker, 1874; F. X. Sixt, 1876; Mathias 
Barth, 1878 ; George D. Ileldman, 1882 ; J. M. 
Schaefer, 1884-86; John Dettmer, 1866-88; 
A. Royer, 1886-88 ; Ed. T. Goldschmidt, 1888- 
1890; Dominic Konen, 1888-92; Frank Schi- 
kowski, 1890-94 ; J. W. Ilauser, 1892-93 ; Peter 
Feber, 1893-94; Joseph M. Sclmette, 1894- 
1900; E. H. Kramer, 1894-1898; William G. 
Faber, 1898-99 ; N. J. Otto, 1899-1906 ; C. A. 
Knurl-. 1907-1909; Peter Gall, 1910-12; Geo. 
L. Schark. 1912-1913; Leo. B. Gruenenfelder, 
1915-1916 John T. Wagener, since June, 
1917, and Francis D. :Mueller, October, 1919. 
The vocations to religious life were maay 
in the days of St. Francis' full parochial life. 
Many a Brother of ]Mary, and many a Cath- 
olic Sister, received their first inspiration 
here, and look back to their mother parish 
with gratitude. We record merely the voca- 
tions to the priesthood. The first boy called 
to this holj' office was Jacob Kosman. He was 
boi'n in 1854, ordained Januarj^ 6, 1878. After 
a short ministry at Belvedere and Peru he 
died in the latter city, November 20, 1882. 
George Blatter, ordained June 23, 1888 ; Peter 
Faber, 1892; Fred Haarth, 1897; William 
Faber, 1897 ; Michael Klasne, 1897 ; Herman 
Wolf, 1902; William Dommermuth, 1903; 
Charles IT. Epstein. 1904; Francis J. Epstein, 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred thirteen 



1905; Jacob Friodrii-li, 1!K)4 ; Charles Stras- 
burger, 1908 : Herman J. Piekert, S. J., 1901 ; 
Andrew Meider. S. M.; John Rauseher, S. M., 
1916; John Schiller, 1917; Benedict Kappler, 
0. S. B., 1902 ; Joseph JI. Goergen, awaiting 
ordination (1920). 

Societies and sodalities, dates of establish- 
ment, names of president for 1920: 

St. Ferdinand Benevolent Society, founded 
1859— G. J. Pfeuffer. St. George Branch, 
Catholic Knights of America, September 7, 
1883 ; Frank Muench. Catholic Order of For- 
esters; courts: St. Ferdinand's, 1891, E. J. 
Thometz; St. Sebastian, January 1, 1892; 
Matt Wiswald ; St. Stanislaus, J. U. V.. 1873 ; 



Charles Sans. Holy Name Society, April, 
1919 ; Louis Rothbauer. St. Vincent De Paul 
— 1918 ; J. P. Schommer. Catholic Boy Scouts 
—October, 1919; Master, Albert Schorn. 

Ladies societies : 

Married Ladies' Sodality — 1859; Mrs. 
^lary Kranz. St. Rose Young Ladies' So- 
dality — Elizabeth llebensbergei'. Girls: St. 
Agnes Sodality — Carolina Rauda. Women's 
Catholic Order of F(n'esters — St. Francis of 
Assisi court — 1895; Mrs. Mary Dockeudorf. 
Lady Knights of America, St. Mary's branch 
—April 2, 1917 ; Miss Mary Kreiling. 

Church trustees — John Brenner, John 
Zvetina, Joseph Russ. 



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St. Viator's Church, Chicago, III. 1666 




I 5t Francis de Sales Church, Chicaoo, III. 1666 | 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three liundred fifteen 



XIX. 



^\^\\i 3Reltcrcn^ Pisiinp Antl^ctmi (iJ'JIciv^n 



Tfl 



St. James — Chicago, 1855 

i>j V- (t^i'JRi'iaily known as Carville.) 

' "^ ,r'N('arIy 65 years a^o, iu a small room in 
wiat was then St. Agatha's Convent of Mercy. 
at the eorner of CaJnmet Aveinie and Twenty- 
sixth Street, were held the first services of 
St. James pari.sh. At the date of the found- 
ing of the parish there were about twenty-five 
families. The fii-st church, a modest frame 
1 structure, was built in 1858, on Prairie Avc- 
' uue, between Twenty-sixth and Twenty-ninth 
Streets, at a cost of about three thousand dol- 
lars. The revered first pastor. Father Thomas 
Kelly, left for the war as chaplain of the 
Nineteenth Illinois Volunteers. The Rev. P. 
W. O'Dowd took charge of the parish, June 
15, 1863, soon after Father Kelly's departure. 
In 1866 the Rev. P. J. Conway was ap- 
pointed pastor, and he was succeeded in turn 
after his transfer to St. Patrick's, Juue 25, 
1871, by the Rev. P. W. Riordan, who re- 
mained in charge until 1883, when he was 
made Coadjutor to the Archbishop of San 
Francisco. Chicago was growing rapidly at 
this time. To meet the demands of the time 
and to accommodate his large congregation, 
Father Riordan decided to locate more cen- 
► trally in his pari.sh, and the splendid spacious 
/ edifice on "Wabash Avenue and Twenty-uinth 
f Street. This church w'hich had cost more 
' than $100,000, was dedicated May 24, 1880. 
In 1883 Father Riordan was consecrated Co- 
adjutor to Most Rev. Archbishop Alemany. 

The Rev. Hugh McGuire was appointed 
pastor to succeed Father Riordan, October 13, 
1880. His labors in this parish have been 
quite as noteworthy as his predecessor's. Dur- 
ing his pastorate the great tower was built, 
and the fine chime of bells numbering twentj'- 
©ne was placed in it. Marble altars and 
statues, a grand organ, electric lights, and 
frescoing were added to the interior decora- 
tion of the church. The church was conse- 
crated by Archbishop Feehan, May 26, 1895. 
Sermon was preached by Rev. Dr. Conaty of 
Worcester, Mass. 



On Aiigust 28. 1884, not quite a year after 
his appointment to St. James, he was ready 
to open the grammar school which Father 
Riordan had built. In 181)7 the new high 
school, with its assembly hall, chapel, museum, 
chemical laboratory, the music rooms and the 
(^lass-rooms were completed. The schools have 
always been under the care of the Sisters of 
Mercy. 

The church is of Gothic arcliitecture, 125 
feet long and 65 feet wide ; transepts, 90 feet. 

Father Riordan was born August 27, 1841, 
at Chatham, New Brunswick. He made his 
studies at University of St. Marj' of the Lake 
and Notre Dame. In 1858 he was sent to 
Rome to attend the College of the Propaganda. 
Owing to ill health he went to the American 
College at Louvain, and was ordained June 
10, 1865. Rev. H. McGuire was a native of 
Ireland, and graduated from Sulpitian Sem- 
iuarj' of Montreal 'in the year 1871. Father 
McGuire was pastor of St. James for 28 years, 
and died August 13, 1911. Rev. P. W. Dunne, 
who is the present pastor, was first made cur- 
ate to Right Rev. M. Burke, who was the 
pastor of St. Mary's, Joliet, Illinois. On the 
death of Rev. Powers, Father Dunne was ap- 
pointed pastor of St. Patrick's, Joliet, Illinois, 
wliere he remained for over twenty-five years, 
until he was made rector of St. James, Chi- 
cago. The present curates are Rev. William 
Plunkett and Rev. J. Collins. 

St. Rose of Lima — Kankakee, 1855 

The parish of St. Rose of Lima enjoys the 
honor of liaving been the mother of many 
other parishes, which grew up around and 
about her in the course of the last 55 or 56 
years. 

It was first placed under the patronage of 
the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 
a title which it retained for a short time only. 
The first pastor was the Rev. L. Cartuyvels, 
and to him we owe the old set of recoi'ds, now 
so useful in gathering these few historical 
notes. 



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>?ev-. A c7 Hupperti 




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Rev. E.T.G o/ds chfrjif 



I St. Francis Xavier Church. Chicago, III. 1666 | 




w. 



li 



Our? LADY OF Good Counsel Church, Chicago, III. 168Q 



Diamoyid Jubilee 



Page three hundred seventeen 



The pastor must liavc taken charge of his 
new parish in the early part of tlie year 1855, 
for the first entry in the refj;isters is that of a 
baptism, which took plaee April 26 of that 
year. Father Cartuj'vels had eliarge of the 
town of Kankakee and also of the missions of 
L'Erablc, St. Georfi:e and Manteno. Later on 
the mission of Limestone, now the parishes of 
Invin and Goodrieh, were added, as well as 
those of St. Anne and Beavei'vjIIe, for a short 
time only. 

Owintj to the scarcity of priests it seems 
the parish soon lost its pastor, for we find the 
Rev. Louis Cartnyvels acting- as pastor of 
Bonrbonnais towards the latter part of De- 
cember of that same year, 1855. The entries 
in the old registers are suspended for the 
space of fifteen months, when a missionarj- 
priest. Father J. B. Champeau, comes on the 
scene for a few months, from April to Octo- 
ber. 1857. 

On November 1, 1857, Father Epiphane 
Lapointe takes charge of the parish, and from 
that time onward there is no interruption in 
the religious services and tlie entries in all 
the registers are perfectly normal and regular. 
He remained in charge until October, 1860, 
consolidating the work of his predecessors 
and giving attention to all the missions men- 
tioned before. He then left for Quebec and 
became pastor of Rimouski, where he died, 
October 28. 1862, at the early age of 40 years. 

His successor was one of the most distin- 
guished of the many noted priests of Canada 
in those days, the saintly vicar general of 
Quebec, "le Grand Vi^aire Mailloux, " as the' 
people still call him. He labored for two years 
in Kankakee, after spending three years as 
pastor of Bourbonnais, where he succeeded, 
through his great influence at home (Canada), 
in bringing the Sisters of the Congregation 
de Notre Dame, from Montreal, to open their 
academy, ever since so prosperous and so 
useful, as a center of learning and of Chris- 
tian life. 

The vicar general of Quebec was then 
about 60 years of age and only his indomit- 
able courage and his apostolic zeal could have 
kept him up, through those five years of un- 
ceasing toil and hardship. He had, however, 
the great consolation of the saints and felt 
abundantly repaid in the riclv harvest of 
souls that he saw coming back to the one true 
fold of Christ, when he left, in 1862, to go 
back to Quebec. 

Then came Father Jacob Cote, in Novem- 
ber, 1862, in the very worst period of the 



("ivil War, when so many young men of the 
French-Canadian colony of Illinois, were 
bravely engaging themselves in the army of 
the North. He stayed two years in the par- 
ish, and was tiien made pastor of Bourbonnais. 
Later on, in 1865, he resigned his post there 
to enable the Viatorians to come from Canada 
and established a school that grew and pros- 
pered, until it has become the St. Viator's 
College of to-day. Father Joseph M. Lang- 
lois succeeded to Father Cote in September, 
1864, barely nine months after his ordination 
to the Holy priesthofxl. He was in very weak 
health, and the work of the missions, especially 
St. Anne and Beaverville, proved too much 
for his constitution. He struggled on brave- 
ly, however, for about two years of successful 
ministry. 

A great sadness came upon all when the 
sick yoiuig pastor. Father Langlois, had to 
leave June 2, 1866, for the Hotel Dieu hospital 
iu Quebec, where he died July 3, of the same 
year, of consumption, at the age of 29 years. 
His successor. Rev. A Marechal. came in Oc- 
tober, 1866. 

In May, 1S71, Father A. Marechal left for 
his native country, "La Belle France," and 
the priests of St. Viator's college took charge 
of the parish temporarily, until September 13, 
when the glad tidings came that Father P. 
Paradis had been appointed pastor of the 
now important parish of St. Rose of Lima, 
Kankakee. 

In April, 1874, work was begun on the act- 
ual stone church, which was ready for dedica- 
tion on the 24th day of June. 1877. Bishop 
Foley of Chicago, performed this beautiful 
ceremony and sang Pontifical High Ma-ss for 
the first time in Kankakee, assisted by the 
following members of the clergy of those days : 
Revs. Cote, Beaudoin, Gonand, McShane, Le- 
tellier, Mainville and Marsile. 

On March 28, 1894, Rev. Ambrose David 
Granger arrived from Chicago, where he had 
served as assistant at Notre Dame church for 
the five years previous, to take charge of his 
new field of labor, as pastor of St. Rose's 
church. The first step he took after making a 
thorough census of the parish, was to procure 
the services of an assistant. Father Poissaut, 
now pastor of St. George, came to his a.ssis- 
tance and i-emained five j'cars. being replaced, 
for a few months, by Father Bourget and 
later by Father J. C. Fortin. now pastor of St. 
Barbara's, Brookfield, who spent almost four 
j-ears in Kankakee. In June 1904, Rev. Wil- 
liam H. Granger came to the position he has 



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y^e\^ CAErkensw/ck 



St. Dionysius Church, CiCEno. III. ISfiQ 





/?ev M V/ B.arfh 



St. Teresa's Church, Chicago, III. 1<5<39 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page Ihree hiuidred nineteen 



iillt'd ever sinue witli Tmoeasiiif>: (IcvoU'din'ss 
and zeal. 

In 1907 St. Rose"s churcli was enlarKod and 
the new sanetnary was added, making? the 
total lennrth of the edifice lilO feet. In 11)10 
the whole interior was beantifully deeorated 
and new art glass windows were pnt in plaee 
of the old, a work that is still now engaging: 
the attention of both priest and people. The 
assistants at present arc Fathers E. Soligny 
and S. Daigle. 

St. Boniface — Monee, 1856 

Back ill tlie early fifties of last eeritiir> the 
German Catholic settlcrs» of Moiiee, liaviii'.' 
been at time visited by itinerant missionaries, 
felt that they ought to provide a church for 
themselves. A small frame huilding was 
erected in 1856, which is still used to-day for 
divine services. The ]>arish however did not 
prosper but rather diminished, and it never 
had a resident pastor. In its infancy tht- 
parish was attended, at irregidar intervals. In- 
some missionary later on by the pastors of 
St. James', New Strassburg, and fnmi 1831 to 
1902 by the pastors of St. Ann's, Richtoii. 
The service, however, was rather irregular, 
and often months, even years, elapsed bcfoi-c 
a priest came to ilonee. A few of tlie better 
Catholics attended ]Mass at Richton, while the 
greater number moved away or lost their 
faith. Tlie church became neglected and de- 
lapidated. About teii years ago the church 
was repaired and made fi^ for the Sacred 
Mysteries. It was given in charge tif the 
pastor of Steger. and since then the little 
flock of ten families is attended regularly 
from St. Liborius church, Steger. 

St. Patrick — Amboy, 1856 

The first Ma.ss in Amboy was said in 
Michael Egan's house on the Badger farm in 
the fall of 1853, by Father !Mark Anthony, 
C M., curate of St. Patrick's cluirch, LaSalle, 
Illinois. For this and the next year Amboy 
was one of the out missions of the LaSalle 
parish. During the year 18.)4 and part of 
1855 Fatnci-s Fitzgerald and O'Hara, who 
then resided at Dixon, u.sed to come and ad- 
minister to the spiritual wants of Amboy, 
occasionally visiting ^laytown. In this and 
the following year Fathers Anthony, O'Reilly 
and Edwards said ^lass at William Dooling's 
in Maytown and also in Amijoy ; but more 
frequently the peojile of Amboy would walk 



to ilif little log <-liiircli of SMiidy Hill to at- 
li'iid Mass. Some time in the year 1855 a 
l''ather Murphy had taken up his residence 
in -Mendota and took charge of the southern 
pait of Lee <.!ount\'. 

Ill the year 1856 the Rev'. Father Bray 
came to reside in Amboy, started and built 
tlie first church (1856), which was burned 
down before Mass was celebrated in it. It 
was rebuilt and used until Father Francis D. 
Keeiian's administration, when the present 
cluirch was built on .lones Street. 

Father Bray was a native of Queens 
coiiiitx'. Ireland. His stay in Amboy was 
short. While here lie had the whole county 
for a mission, Amboy, Dixon, Sandy Hill, 
.Maytfiwii and Monon townships, where scat- 
tered Catholics at that time resided. The 
marriage register .shows the name of Father 
Thomas Sheahan, who was here part wf the 
summer of 1858. He married four couples 
and had five baptisms and was succeeded by 
the Rev. -Joseph Vahey, who stayed from Oct. 
:;. 1858, until the following -July 20, 1859, 
and married nineteen couples and had sixty- 
five baptisms. From the time that the first 
cluirch was burned until it was rebuilt, and 
during Father Sheahan "s pastorate, the Serv- 
ices were held in the Exchange Block build- 
ing. 

Father M. J. Clarke succeeded Father 
\'ahey on Jan. 1, 1859, and was the first 
priest who had a residence here. He attended 
Sandy Hill and Jlaytown as out missions, also 
Perkins Grove church, and remained as pas- 
toi* for a period of nine years. His first bap- 
tism is dated Oct. 13, 1859. During the nine 
succeeding years he baptised many children 
and the marriage register shows that many 
yov.iig people were married. The times were 
good and all things prosperous, for the Illi- 
nois Central had located repair shops here in 
1854 and gave employment to many until 
1893, when they removed the shops to Burn- 
side, Chicago. 

Father W. D. Murphy succeeded J''atlier 
Clarke as resident priest. From June 1, 1869, 
until September 31. 1873. the register of 
baptisms numbers 482. 

leather Francis A. Keeuan succeeded 
Father ^Murphy October. 1873, and remained 
until February 16, 1885, when he was sudden- 
ly called away by death. During part of his 
administration he attended the out mission 
of Sandy Hill and built St. Patrick's West 
Maytown. He also built the present Church 
of St. Patrick's on .lones street at a cost of 



+ <- 



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^± 




Rq.v J.M. Lare^u- 



\ 



St. Joseph's Church, Chicago, III. 1(389 




St. Catherene of Sienna, Chicago, III. 1669 



Diamond Jubilee 

$20,000. Tlic mimhcr of l)a|)tisiris and mar- 
riajres were exeeediiij^ly lai-jrc for a eountry 
parish. Father Keeiiaii has left behind him 
the reputation of being an ek>quent preaeht^" 
and a zealous missionary. His memory is held 
in veneration by all the people of the parish. 
He was buried in St. Patriek's cemetei-y at 
Roeky Ford without a mark of any kind 
except a wooden cross, now in the last stages 
of decay ! 

The next pastor of St. Patrick's was the 
Rev. J. A. Coughlin, the date of whose first 
baptism is the 26th of Feb., 1885, and the first 
marriage Feb. 12, 1885. His pastoi-al work 
here continued until October 28, 1890. His 
name is held in unbonded veneration by all 
the people of the parish. He finished the 
church started by Father Keenan and left 
uncompleted by his death. 

On January 13, 1891, the Rev. Arthur P. 
Lonergan succeeded to the administration of 
the parish and remained in charge until the 
first of May, 1895. About the time of his ap- 
pointment here, his health — never robust — be- 
gan to fail and after three years of pastoral 
work he asked from His Grace, Most Rev. 
P. A. Feehan, D. D., a change, and was given 
charge of a new parish at Rogers Park, Chi- 
cago — St. Jerome's clnirch. His health grad- 
ually failed until his death on February 25, 
1898. 

This brings the record of the parish down 
to the arrival of Rev. Joseph S. Gallagher, 
whose appointment dates from the 25th of 
April, 1895. 

In 1908 St. Patrick's became part of the 
diocese of Rockford. 

St. Patrick's 
South Chicago, 1857 

St. Patrick's parish was founded in 1857 
by Rev. Thomas Kelley in what was then 
known as the village of Ainsworth. as an out- 
mission of St. James church, Prairie Avenue 
and Twenty-seventh Street, Chicago. 

ilass was celebrated for some months in 
the residence of Mr. Michael Doyle while 
funds were being collected for the purchase of 
land and the erection of a church large enough 
to accommodate the few scattered Catholics 
of the district. 

There were no streets laid out or platted 
in the village and the church a small frame 
building, twenty-five by sixty feet was erected 
in 1860 on a country road, which since the 
annexation of Ainsworth to the citv of Chi- 



Page three hundred twenty-one 

cago is now known as So. Chicago Avenue 
and Ninety-third Street, and remained at that 
location until 1878. The old building is still 
standing on Ninety-third Street and is now 
used as a dwelling. 

Father Kelley attended St. Patrick's until 
the breaking out of the Civil War. In 1862 
Father Kelley volunteered as chaplain in the 
Ninth Illinois Regiment (Mulligan's Bri- 
gade). He was immediately succeeded by 
Father T. Murphy who attended St. Patrick '.s 
for some years. Father P. J. Conway after-' 
wards vicar-general under The Most Rev. 
Patrick A. Feehan, attended Ainsworth from 
St. James until 1866. 

In 1866 St. Thomas the Apostle churcli 
was founded in what was then known as Hyde 
Park and which still retains that name. St. 
Patrick's was then attached to St. Thomas' as 
an out-mission and given in charge of Rev. 
Jos, Bowles, whose name is the first to appear 
in the baptismal register of the parish.- Father 
Bowles died in 1870 at Mercy Hospital. 

Dec. 21st, 1870 Father Thomas Leyden, 
now pastor of St. Mary's church, Freeport, 
111., succeeded Father Bowies, administering 
to the people of St. Patrick's and the few 
scattered families of the Calumet region, 
which then comprised within its boundary 
what is now known as Windsor Park, Chel- 
tenham, Irondale, Hegedwich and Pullman. 

Rev. P. M. P"'lannigan, afterwards pastor 
of St. Anne's church, was given charge as 
administrator in 1873, remaining some two 
^•ears. Father P"'lannigan was sent to France 
by the Very Rev. Father Sorin, superior of 
Notre Dame University, regarding some 
property or grant of land left to the Con- 
gregation of the Holy Cros's. 

Father D. A. Tighe, afterwards founder 
and first pastor of Holy Angel's church, was 
given charge after Father Flannigan. As the 
extreme south end of the parish was growing 
, very rapidly through the building of large 
iron indu.stries, in Irondale, Father Tighe de- 
cided to place the church within easy access 
of both Ainsworth and Irondale. and traded 
tlie original plot of ground now occupied by 
the J. JI. Howeu school for the district school 
building and ground located midway between 
the two villages. 

Father Tighe remodeled the old district 
school into a very commodious church, which 
his successor, the late lamented Rev. ^Martin 
van de Laar. used for some years. 

Father van de Laar was appointed the first 
permanent pastor Feb. 1st, 1880. He fore- 



6 



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St. Edu/ard's Church, Chicago, III. 16S9 



^ 




/?ei/ S.d Koralewskf 



) I St. Mary of Qostyni Church, East Grove, III. 1Q9] | 



l!l 



The ArcMiocese of Chicago 



Page th ree h luidred twenty-three 



seeing tlie great •jrowtli of his parisli by rea- 
son of the loeatinj; of the fjivat Illinois Steel 
Mills in the Calumet rej^'ion, and feeling tlie 
necessity of a Catholic seliool, remodeled the 
church into a coml)ination hiiildinjr, using the 
first story as a seliool and the upper one as 
a church, opened the first ('atholic school 
south of St. John's. He secui'cd as teachers 
seven Sisters of Mercy from St. Xavier's 
Convent, Twenty-ninth Street and Wabash 
Aveinie. On September 10th, 1S8H. the 
School opened with an enrollment of two hun- 
dred and seven pupils. Immediately he set 
about building a rectory and convent. 

The growth of the school exceeded Father 
van de Laar's greatest expectations, and he 
soon realized the need of a high school for 
tlie graduates of his grammar school, who 
Sought a higher education. Therefore he 
opened a high school in 1S8I1, which was the 
first Catholic high school in Chicago, and 
which since its opening has been a source of 
great pride and interest tO' the Catholics of 
South Chicago and vicinity on account of the 
eminent clergymen, lawyers, doctors, dentists, 
teachers and other professional men and wom- 
en who claim St. Patrick's as their Alma 
Mater. 

May 1902, the building used as church 
and school was destroyed by fire. Father 
van de Laar immediately set out to build a 
combination building. Larger and nnn'e com- 
modious than the old building, the dimensions 
of which are seventy feet by one hundred 
and thirty-five feet, and three stories high. 
It is of brick and steel co7istruction on a 
stone foundation. 

The first flour is used as a church, having 
a seating capacity of nine hundred. It is 
beautifully decorated and with its fine altars 
produces a real church effect. The upper 
doors contain fourteen clas.s rooms, science 
rooms, chemical laboratory, music rooms and 
library. 

The new church was dedicated and the first 
Mass said on July ninth, 1903. The .school 
opened Sept. 4th, 1903, fully equipped. Every 
requisite for both high and grammar schools 
was furnished in the best of style. Catholic 
pupils of the district, to the number of five 
hundred returned to pursue their studies 
and remain until finishing their high school 
course. Many of these have since attained 
much prominence in their respective callings, 
entered the ecclesiastical state : Revs. Mar- 
tin J. Breen, C. S. 'V^. ; J. McGuire, C. SS. 
C; J. J. Kelley, S. J.; Terence Ahearn. 



S. J.; John J. Walsli, S. J.; Oswald Me- 
(iuirc ; Henry Weber ; James J. Daley ; Joseph 
Knby; Timothy Kowan. 

In the legal profession: Hon. John J. 
roulton : A.sst. Attorney General, William 
Ilciiry ; John J. Crane. 

Ill tin- medical profession: ])rs. Frank J. 
Dillon; Thomas Carlos: J. J. Sugrue ; Cj-ril 
Larkiii. 

AmoiiK' the public school teachers: Joseph 
Roaclie, examiner in the State Normal School 
(if Chicago: the Jlisses Mae Dougherty, Libby 
Powers, Ainia Kennedy, 'Sldvy Kennedy, 
Helen and Elizabeth ;\[cNulty, Ro.se Raphael, 
Kathcrine Neville, Norine Ryan, Agnes Ring, 
]Mae O'Coniiell, Harriet Matthews. 

In commercial life: John McNieholas, Ed- 
ward Durkin, Thomas Carney, Maurice Crot- 
ty, Charles O'Neill, \'inceiit Garvey. 

During the administration of Father van 
de Laar many assistants served here ; some 
have passed nway and others have reached 
prominence in the ecclesiastical records of the 
archdiocese of Cliicago. Rev. Owen Kellej", 
the first a.ssi.stant to Father van de Laar, died 
in the third year of his priesthood in San 
Antoiie, Texas. Rev. John J. Darcy, at pres- 
ent pastqr of St. Agatha's church; Rev. John 
Aylward, who died, pastor of St. Patrick's 
church, Kankakee, 111.: Rev. Wm. J. Kinsella. 
present pastor of St. Phillip Neri's church; 
Rev. Peter F. Shewbridge, pastor of St. Leo's 
church. 

Father van de Laar died after a lingering 
illness, February 21, 1906, much lamented 
by the people whom he loved and for whom 
he labored. He was succeeded by the pres- 
ent incumbent. Rev. Edward O'Reilly, who 
assumed charge ilarch 8, 1906, coming to 
St. Patrick's from St. Mary's, Lake Forest, 
where he had been pastor for thirteen years. 

Since the cinning of Father O'Reilly, the 
schfff)l has been enlarged, and a complete com- 
mercial course added. All debts have been 
paid. A new commodious parochial residence 
has been built, the grounds improved and 
beautified, the adjoining property, corner of 
Ninety-fifth Street and Commercial Avenue, 
(100 feet by 135 feet), purchased to be oc- .. 
cupied by a new church, which will be in 
keeping with the present buildings. 

The total number of pupils in our schools 
is 774, of which 642 are in the grammar 
school ; 105 in the high school and 27 in the 
commercial department. There are teaching 
in the schools at the present time fifteen Sis- 
tei-s of Mercv and four lav teachers. 



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i 




St. Genevieve's 'Church, Chicago, III. 1<559 




Our* Lady Help of CnnisTiAN's Church, Chicago, III. 1901 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred twenty-five 



l 



It? 



.6 A 



^y" 



I 



No parish in Chicago can boast of more 
religious societies and organizations than St. 
Patrick's. They have boys', girls', and young 
ladies' sodalities, Holy Name Society, Catho- 
lic Women's Aid, and Tabernacle Society. 
The third largest council of the Knights of 
Cobimbus (Santa Maria) in the city; a flour- 
ishing council of The Daughters of Isabella; 
two courts of C. O. P. ; two courts of W. C. O. 
F. ; Division No. 9, A. 0. IL, all doing excel- 
lent work in their respective ways for the 
glory of God and the welfare of the parish. 

' Holy Family — Chicago, 1857 

Holy Family parish comprises tlie terri- 
tory bounded on the east by the Chicago 
river, on the west by Ashland Boulevard, on 
the south by Fifteenth Street, and on the 
north by Polk Street. The church is situated 
on the northeast corner of Roosevelt Road 
and May Street. The parish was founded 
by the Rev. Arnold Damen, S. J., in the 
spring of the year 1857, at the earnest solicita- 
tion of Bishop Antliony 'Regan, and after 
long and continued efforts ou the part of the 
bishop to bring the Jesuit Fathers of Missouri 
Province from St. Louis, to administer to 
the spiritual wants of his rapidly growing 
flock. Father Damen came to Chicago in May 
and began his labors under circiunstances 
that would easily have discouraged a less 
hardy soul. The year 1857 was one oi wide- 
spread busines.s disaster. The financial stress 
had forced many large c(mimercial houses to 
suspend operations ; a panic convulsion had 
swept over the land ; trade was completely 
paralyzed ; the increasing number of unem- 
ployed and the general air of restlessness and 
discontent were far reaching factors all con- 
tributing to make money scarce and the task 
of collecting funds for a new church an appall- 
ing and disconcerting one. Yet the whole- 
hearted, energetic, farseeing Damen was noth- 
ing daunted, and by the end of May, 1857. 
had succeeded in getting sub.scriptions to the 
amount of thirty thousand dollars. By July 
of that year, a temporary frame church was 
ready and on the twelftli of that month was 
solemnly blessed by Bishop Duggan of St. 
Louis, under the title of the Holy Family. 
The number of worshippers soon taxed this 
little house of woi-ship ; an addition had to be 
made to it in August and another during the 
course of the year 1858. This first church 
stood at the southeast corner of I\Iay and 
11th Streets, the present site of the Sodality 



Ilall. On Sunday, August Xi, 1857, the 
bishop laid the cornerstone of the new church 
at the northeast corner of May and 12th 
Streets, and Father Damen 's daring plans 
began to be realized, though it was not until 
the year 1860 that the edifice was ready for 
dedication. On August 26, of that year, 
Bishop Duggan dedicated the church in the 
presence of twelve members of the hierarchy, 
a large luimber of clergy and an immense 
congregation. Archbishop Kenrick of St. 
Louis, preached the dedication .sermon and 
in the progress of the ceremony discourses 
in English, German and French were deliv- 
ered by Bi'Jiop (barrel of Covington, Bishop 
Henni of Milwaukee, and Bishop de Saint 
Palais of Vincenne.s, respectively. The splen- 
did success tliat crowned the labors of Fath- 
er Damen was neatly described by a writer of 
the day in the Chicago Tribune: — "The Rev- 
erend Arnold Damen is the Hercules who has 
in a few years wrought all this work. To his 
energy, his ability, his sanctity, his persever- 
ance and his great practical intelligence is 
due not only the erection of this magnificent 
edifice but the great spiritual success which 
has crovned the labors of the Society." The 
church of the Holy Family originally meas- 
ured 146x85 feet, with a nave 61 feet high. 
Later two transQpts were added increasing 
the width to 125 feet, and in 1866 an exten- 
sion of forty feet was made to the length 
making the total length 186 feet. The style 
is Gothic, and the material brick with trim- 
mings of Illinois cut stone. The main altar, 
of massive proportions and richness of detail, 
was dedicated in the presence of seven 
bishops, on October 25, 1865, and in the same 
year the communion railing was procured. On 
October 21, 1870, a splendid organ was used 
for the first time when a musical recital and 
sacred concert was given. This instrument 
has been silent for many a year owing to a 
lack of sufficient funds to rebuild and re- 
pair it. Father Damen combined two quali- 
ties very essential in a worthy pastor, ad- 
miui.strative ability of a high order and ex- 
ceptional zeal for the religious education of 
the young. A few months after his arrival 
in Chicago, in September, 1857. he opened a 
boys' and girls' school in a rented house, and 
by June of the following j^ear had the satis- 
faction of being able to report three hundred 
children in attendance. The Ladies of the 
Sacred Heart, under the direction of Mother 
Galway, opened a school for girls in 1860. 
In 1864 the old frame church, which' was 



+ o- 



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Tlev. Pi. Martin^ 



St. John's CHuncH, Glenwood, III. 1690 




Dlessed Sacrament Church, Chicago, III. IQQI | 



7^ he Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred tiventy-seven 



beiii^' used as a luiys" school, was destroyed 
by fire, and in the f()lh)\vinfr year the larfrc 
briek stnietiire on Mor^'aii Street was opened. 
This institution came to be known as tlie 
Brotliers" School because of the fact that its 
manafiement was in the hands of Father 
Andrew O'Xeil and his brother Thomas 
O'Neil lay brother of the Soeiety of Jesns. 
Under their skillful direction it prospered 
and flourisiied for thirty-five years and at the 
present writing is the principal school of the 
parish, conducted by the Sisters of Charity 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Members of this 
sisterhood first came into the parish in 1S67. 
when they opened a school for girls on Max- 
well Street. Schools were opened in rapid 
succession as the growing needs of the parish 
required. Besides those already mentioned. 
St. Stanislaus, St. Aloysius, St. Pius, Guard- 
ian Angels, St. Agnes and St. Joseph's, were 
added and all were well attended. St. Stan- 
islaus later became the parish school of Sac- 
red Heart parish, and St. Pius school of St. 
Pius parish. Various organizatiosn of a spir- 
itual and philanthropic character were found- 
ed, the most prominent being the archcon- 
fraternity of the Immaculate Heart of J\lary, 
the Altar Society, the Married Men's Sodal- 
ity, the Society of St. Vincent de Paul (first 
conference in Chicago), the Rosary Societ}-, 
the Married Ladies' Sodality, the Young La- 
dies' Sodality, the Holy Angel's Sodality, 
the Acolythical Society, the Apostleship of 
Prayer, the Young ]Men"s Sodality, the So- 
dality of the Annunciation, the Bona Mors So- 
ciety, the Temperance and Benevolent Society, 
the Catholic Order of Foresters, the Women "s 
Catholic Order of Foresters, various Gaelic 
organizations, th^ Alumni and Alumnae So- 
dalities for graduates of the parochial schools. 
and the Holy Name Soeiety. To accommo- 
date these organizations and provide for their 
needs, the Sodality Hall was built in 1S78 at 
11th and May Streets, on the site of the first 
Holy Family chiirch. St. Ignatius College 
was opened in 1870, under the direction of 
Father Damen, who was its president unt 
October 1872. The professors of this insti- 
tutions have rendered valuable services in aid- 
ing the pastors to make the devotions in the 
church as splendidly impressive as the liturgy 
requires and their efforts in the pulpit have 
attracted large congregations. The great 
conflagration of 1871 spared the Holy Fam- 
ily church and institutions connected with it, 
while leaving many of the parishioners desti- 
tute and homeless ; but Father Damen had 



left the impress of liis resolute spirit upon 
them and they began bravely to rebuild the 
modest homes and scattered fortunes, until 
within eight or ten years the parish could 
boast of about five thousand Catiiolic families 
ivithin its limits and over four thousand chil- 
dren in attendance at its parochial schools. 
It is difficult for a later generation to realize, 
or appreciate the place that Holy Family 
parish occupied in the Catholic life of Chi- 
cago, "with its thousands of school children, 
its Sunday Masses in the upper and lower 
church thr()nged with worshippers to the point 
of suft'ocation, its huge sized sodalities and so- 
cieties, its impressive confirmation-day par- 
ades, and above all, its overshadowing, omni- 
present spirit of religious faith, simple, un- 
abashed, militant and genuine to the core, the 
j)earl of great price brought from overseas bj' 
immigrant settlers as honest and God-fearing 
as ever labored to good purpose for the up- 
building of Church and State."' The fol- 
lf)wing is a list of the Fathers of the Soeiety 
of Jesus who labored in the parish with 
Father Damen and after him, striving ^to 
keep alive the generous spirit of Catholic 
loyalty that he nourished so carefully in the 
hearts of his people and was so solicitous 
should be a distinctive mark by which Holy 
Family parish should be known. Fathers 
Charles Trupens, John Beshor, Michael Cor- 
bett, Ignatius Maes, John Coveny, Peter 
Tschieder, ilauriee Oakley, Cornelius Smar- 
ius, George Watson, James C. Van Goch, 
Dominic Niederkorn, James Converse, John 
Th. Kuhlniann, Jliehael Lawlor, Andrew 
O'Neil, John DeBlieck, John F. O'Neill, John 
I. Coghlan. John Setters. John Schultz, Fran- 
cis Schulak, John S. Verdin. William Van der 
Ileyden, Michael Van Agt, Francis X. Kiip- 
pcns, Florian Cautois, Aloysius Curioz, Peter 
De Meester, Peter Koopmans. Charles Filling, 
Daniel Swaggers, Henry C. A. Bronsgeest, 
John D. Condon, Francis Ryan, Florentine J. 
Boudreaux, Constantine Lagae, F'rancis G. 
Hillman, John G. Vennemann, Edwin D. 
Kelly, Ferdinand L. Weinman, Francis P. 
Nussbanm. Walter H. Hill, James M. Hayes, 
Patrick Murj)hy, Henry Baselmans, Patrick 
J. Ward, Paul M. Ponziglione. John P. Ilogan, 
Michael P. Dowling, Aloysius A. Lambert, 
Martin M. Bronsgeest, Patrick J. Mulconry, 
Augustine K. Meyer, Eugene H. Brady, James 
J. Curran, Joseph F. Real, Joseph P. De 
A. Blackmoi-e, Thomas E. Sherman, Edward 
J. Hanhauser, Edward P. Coppinger, John 
Smedt. Hubert Peters, John A. (ionser, Simon 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred twenty-nine 



MeGuire, James J. O'Meara, John J. Master- 
son, Michael F. McNulty, Caspar J. Leib, 
Ferdinand A. Moeller, Henry G. Wolters, 
John F. Neenan, Thomas A. Nolan, John M. 
Lyons, Eugene C. Kieffer, Arthur F. Ver- 
savel, Charles J. Bill, Heury J. Dumbach, 
James A. McCarthy, James A. Dowling, Her- 
man J. Pickert, John B. VanAcken, Joseph 
G. Kennedy, Edward A. Jones, William T. 
Nash. 



Immaculate Conception 
Centerville, 1858 

A church was built in Centerville and 
dedicated to the Immaculate Conception in 
1858, with Rev. Peter J. Doutreluingue, C. M., 
as its missionary. 

Soon after the territory was cut off from 
the Diocese of Chicago. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred thirty-one 



XX. 



parishes 'tstahlishc^ lln^cr 
l%n\hi l^cttcrcuit Bisliop ^Tf^imcs pui^i)an, J1.JB» 



Immaculate Conception 
<.. , Chicago, 1859 

The IminaL'ulato Coiiception parish is 
/ boimded oti the north by Center Street, on the 

/, (y^ ' south hy Division Street, and on the east by 

^ , Lake ^Michifran, and on the west by Halsted 

'^ ^ Street and the Chicago River. Tlie parish 
„'A\ bnildin<rs are located on North Park Avennc, 
. H near Seliiller Street. 

The parisli was founded by tlie Rt. Rev. 

Bishop Diip-fraii in tiic year 1)S.'J9, and the Rev. 

"William Edwards was appointed its first pas- 

, tor. At the time of its establishment it ex- 

J tended from Division Street to the town lim- 
its of Bvanston. Tiie tirst church was con- 
stnicted in the fall of 1859, and dedicated by 
Bishop Duggan on Sunday, March 25, 1860. 
. Fatlier Edwards died the following year, and 
the Rev. Thaddeus Butler, D. D., succeeded 
him. Doctor Butler was pastor for seven 
years, ,and during his pastorate, 1868, the 
school was built. He was followed by his 
brother, Rev. P. T. Butler, in 1869. In the 
second year of Father Butler's administra- 
tion the parish buildings were totally de- 
stroyed in the great fire of 1871. In a re- 
markably short time they were replaced. The 
present church was built in 1874, is of brick 
construction and seats six hundred. Its arch- 
itecture is of the Roman .style. Father Butler 
was pastor for thirty-two years, and died in 
1901. The next pastor. Father Thomas Pope 
Hodnett, made extensive improvements on the 
church property, among which may be men- 
tioned a new school building to accoirtraodate 
the higher grades, the magnificent stained 
gla.ss windows, imported from Munich, that 
adorn the church. Father Hodnett died in 
1916. His successor was the Rev. Hugh 
O'Gara IMcShane. Father JlcShane governed 
the parish but two years and died. The Rev. 
Thomas A. Kearns, the present pastor, was 
then appointed. 

The school is taught by the Dominican 
Sisters of Sinsinawa, Wisconsin. There are 
\ 465 pupils in attendance. 



Bishop Edward J. Dunne of Dallas, Texas, 
is a former member of this pari.sh. 

St. Rose of Lima 
Wilmington, 1859 

In the narrative of Bishop Van de Velde's 
journey to St. Louis we are told that on June 
2. 1850, he dedicated the new church at Bour- 
bonnais, and left after Mass for Wilming- 
ton, where he made arrangements for the 
building of a brick church. 

Father Bartholomew Loncrgan organized 
the parish of St. Rose of Lima in 1859, and 
was the first resident pastor. The first 
cliurch was constructed by Father Lonergan 
in 1859, and dedicated under the above name. 

When the old church became of no more 
use as a place of worship Rev. Hugh O'Gara 
McShane, the pastor, started to work to build 
a suitable edifice, which he ably planned, and 
his successor. Rev. Thomas O'Gara, com- 
pleted. 

The new church, built of stone from a 
nearby quarry, is Gothic in style, and of very 
pleasing architecture, and cost $40,000. It 
was dedicated by :Most Rev. Archbishop Pat- 
rick Augustine PVehan, June 5, 1887. 

The pastors of St. Rose of Lima have been 
Rev. Bartholomew Lonergan, Rev. John Me- 
Mullen, D. D., afterwards Bishop of Daven- 
port ; Rev. Daniel J. Riordan, later of St. Eliz- 
abeth 's church, now monsignor; Rev. Hugh 
O'Gara McShane, later of the Annunciation, 
Chicago, and Rev. Thomas O'Gara, the pres- 
ent pastor. Assistant.s— Fatiier P. O. Dwyer, 
Rev. Henry Wills, Father Fitzgerald and Rev.' 
.1. B. Murray. 

The parish consists of 150 families, ex- 
clusive of the out-mission at Twelve Mile 
Grove, where a new church was erected ccst- 
ing $10,000, and dedicated in 1889, under the 
title of St. Patrif'k. There is no school. The 
parish school burned two years ago and is 
being rebuilt. 



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St. Joseph's Church, Manhattan, III. IfiQO 




I St. Andrew's Church, West Hammond, III. 1591 | 



Diamond Jubilee 

St. Columbkille's — Chicago, 1859 

1 The history of St. Columbkille's parish is 
similar to that of many of the <rreat parishes 
of this wonderful eity — humble in its origin, 
'strugrfrling development, rapid growth and 
gradual decline, as eireumstances and envi- 
ronments vary. It is to be regretted that tiie 
records are not eomplet'^ and exact as to data, 
but enough is know-n and has been gleaned 
from old members of the parish to give a 
fairly complete record. 

The parish started as a mission of St. Pat- 
rick's in 1859. Originally included in the 
parish of St. Patrick's this district, in which 
a few Catholics had settled, was served for 
many years by the priests of that parish. It 
is pretty certain that the first Mass celebrated 
in this, their new territorj', was offered either 
by the then pastor of St. Patrick's, Vicar- 
General Dunne, or Father Magan, the as- 
sistant. 

In the early days of this parish it was one 
of the largest in Chicago. It took in the North 
Chicago rolling mills, Cragin, Cicero. The 
southern boundaries were St. Patrick's and 
Holy Family parishes. 

In 1861 an Irish regiment was organized 
l' by Reverend Father Dunne. This regiment 
1 was connected with the famous Colonel JIul- 
ligan's Irish Brigade. Among those who 
were officers may be mentioned Captain Fitz- 
gerald, Captain B. Quirk and Lieutenant P. 
McGinnis from this Parish. 

Captain Fitzgerald and all the men of the 
parish took a hand in constructing the first 
church. Before leaving for the seat of war 
this regiment attended the Holy Sacrifice of 
the Mass in the church which they had just 
completed. 

, When the Catholics grew in numbers the 
district was divided into a separate parish, 
which, in the words of the sainted Father 
Tom, "took in most of the West Side and all 
the country around.'' Rev. P. A. Ward was 
the first pastor, and the records show that the 
first baptism was that of Mary Alice CiiUitor, 
September 18. 18.59, which year we take to 
be the first of the regularly established par- 
ish. The first marriage was that of James 
Larkin and Julia Hogan, the same date and 
year. 

Father Ward's pastorate was a short one. 

and he was succeeded the following j-ear bj- 

Rev. Edward Kenney. Father Kenney's first 

. baptism was that of James Gorman, October 

27, 1860, and the first marriage that of James 



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^"^'V Page three hundred thirty-three 

Burke and Maiy Daly. Father Kenney re- 
mained p;.\stor for about two years, and died 
in the service of St. Columbkille's people. 
Tlie exact date of his death is not known at 
this writing. Rev. Francis McKeon admin- 
istered to the wants of the parish until the 
appointment of Fatlier Tom Burke, known 
far and wide as the (iood Father Tom, and 
the real founder and up-builder of this splen- 
did parish. Father Burke's fir.st baptism was 
tliat of Thomas Patrick Quirk, February 9, 
1862, and tlie first marriage performed" by 
him was that of Williaiu Fitzgerald and Julia 
Dolan, February 16, 1862. From the date 
of these sacramental ministrations we may 
infer as to the dates of the respective pastor- 
ates. The illustrations of the first modest 
church show also the first modest school, 
which shows the zeal of these good men in the 
cause of Chri.stian ediication, and the con- 
trast between the then humble beginnings and 
the present grand monumental structures 
speak more than volumes of words can, of the 
evergy, zeal and stupendous labors of the 
good Father Tom. 

The first organist was Mr. Gibson, who be- 
came a prominent composer. The first per- 
n-.anent organist was Edward Shan. The 
first choir consisted of Miss Gertrude Clinton, 
Mrs. Julia Clinton Howe, Miss Anna Plaven, 
Mrs. Lizzie Flaven Hyland, Mrs. Margaret 
Barry, Mr. William P. Rond and William 
J. O'Neil. 

The first Mass offered in the parish was 
served by the Riordan boys, the late the Most 
Reverend P. W. Riordan, Archbishop of San 
Francisco, and Monsignor Daniel J. Riordan, 
P. R., now pastor of St. Elizabeth's church, 
Chicago. The first altar boys were John and 
Thomas Fagan and William Tighe. 

The old school .stood in ab.iut the same 
place as the present girls" school. The first 
teacher was Miss E. Synan, who married Mr. 
Jlelody. She was the mother of Rev. Dr. 
i\relody of the Catholic University of Amer- 
ica, now pastor of St. Jarlath's church. The 
new school, started about 1868, was built by 
Captain P''itzgerald. There were six teach- 
ers, Sister Mary Barbara, superior; Sisters 
Rose, Elizabeth, Mary Joseph, Magdalen and 
Catherine. 

Mr. Wall, a contractor, constructed the 
priest's house. At present this house stands 
in Erie Street, a few doors ea.st of Wood 
Street. 

The parish boasted a large St. Vincent de 
Paul Society. Mr. A. L. Morrison, justice of 



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St. Ludmila's Church, Chicago, III. 1S91 




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St. Joseph's Church, Joliet, III. 1Q9I 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred thirty-five 



the i)eace, was first president of tlie orfjaiiiza- 
tion ; Mr. Mark Clinton, the first seeretary, 
and seeond, W. .1. O'Neil. 

Mr. I\Iorrison, later niar.shal of New Mex- 
ico, was the first Sunday sehool teaclier. He 
served breakfast, eonsistinfr of (;otfee and 
cakes, to the children. Many of the children 
came miles to Sunday school, and althoufjli 
these pupils are now seventy years of af>e, they 
still have very vivid impressions of the kind- 
nesses shown them by their Sunday school 
eacher. 

As the parish fjrew with ra))id strides, 
Father Burke labored .strenuously to meet the 
increasing wants. He started the new church 
about 1870. The fir.st year it was built as far 
as the water line and stood idle for one year. 
In 1872 it was completed. 

The present sehool for jjii'lf^ w'as l)uilt and, 
as the deed shows, the property and building 
were turned over to the Daufihters of St. Vin- 
cent, with one provision — that they maintain 
a parish sehool. In those days it was the won- 
der of the West Side, and the daughters of 
many of the oldest and most prominent Cath- 
olic families of Chicago love St. Columba's as 
their alma mater. 

In 1870 the cornerstone of the magnificent 
new church was laid, but building operations 
were suspended in conse(iuenee of the great 
fire, which later occurred, and the attendant 
The exact date 
is not at present at hand. It 
would be interesting to know its co.st, but 
Father Burke, with his isual humility, pre- 
ferred that the people should have the glory, 
and would only answer: "It's enough for 
you to know that it is paid for." A mag- 
nificent record, which cau be claimed by few 
of Chicago's pastors. The school needs grew 
with the increase of the congregation, and the 
grand school building for boys was the next 
jewel in Father Tom's crown, and when com- 
pleted was paid for. The conduct of the 
boys' school was given to the Brothers of the 
Congregation of the Holy Cross, and under 
the guiding "eni\is of the ^ood Brother Mar- 
eelinus reached a high degree of elificiency. 
Many of Chicago's prominent Catholic men, 
lay and clerical, at one time sat within the 
walls of St. Columbkille's school for boys. 

Father Burke's assistants were the Rev- 
erends T. J. Edwards, T. B. :\Iurphy. Aloy. 
Lightner. T. -I. Butler, ^lartiii \"an de Laar. 
John Hemlock, Thomas A. Burke, P. D. 
Gilman, Michael Foley, J. .AI. Ilogan. D. B. 
Toomey, W. S. Henne.ssy, I). S. O 'Brien, pres- 



deljression which followed it. 
of 'its openin: 



cut pastor of St. Coinmbainis ; lit. Kev. Ed- 
mund M. Duiuie, Bisiiop of Peoria; William 
liyuch, present jiastor of St. Bride's: T. J. 
McDevitt, present pastor of Ascension church. 
Oak Park, Illinois. 

The present residence of the Sisters of 
Providence was built by Father Burke for the 
use of the brothers, in due time the church 
was ornamented with its splendid decorations, 
new altars and stations were erected, so that 
at the close of Father Tom's pastorate, St. 
CoJunilikille's magnificent church and school 
equipment was what we now enjoy. 

Xo words can add to the panegyric of the 
sainted Father Burke, which this splendid pile 
proclaims, and they stand an endearing mon- 
ument to his burning zeal and patient, untir- 
ing labor. They tell of the grand spiritual 
wdi-k which he did, requiring such monu- 
mental structures for its housing. It would 
be more than a miracle of ingratitude did he 
not occupy a warm place in the memory of 
those among whom he labored, and of those 
who now enjo.v the fruits of his labor. 

Father Burke's successor Wi*r~ftev. N. J. 
?iIooney, for several years chancellor of the 
archdiocese. Rev. Edmund Dunne was ad- 
ministrator. Father ^looney was a man of 
deep piety and profound learning, but de- 
clining health prevented him from displa.ying 
the energy and business ability with which 
lie conducted the chancery office: However, 
he strove to continue the good work laid down 
l)y his saintly predecessor, and many improve- 
ments were made in the church and the 
schools. The beautiful oi-gan in this church 
is a monument to his love for the church's 
beautiful liturgy. After a lingering illness, 
Father Mooney passed away, October 10, 
]!K)t). ^lay his memory be ever in benedic- 
tion amongst his people. Father ilooney's 
assistants were Rt. Rev. Edmund M. Dunne, 
Reverends William Lynch, T. .J. :\tcl)evitt, 
C. A. O'Reilly and William C. Burke. 

Father Tinan was transferred on Xovem- 
ber 11. 1906 from Holy Rosary parish, Pull- 
man, Illinois, to the pastorate of St. Coluudj- 
kille's. In the early days of Father Mooney 's 
jiastorate the Brothers of the Holy Cross gave 
up the conduct of the boys' school, and it was 
placed in charge of the Sisters of Providence 
of St. ilary's, Indiana, who still conduct it. 
When Father Tinan took charge his first ef- 
forts were to increase the school facilities. 
The Sisters of Charity found it impossible to 
sujiply tlie increa-sed number of teachers, and 
the building, which up to this time they 



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Holy Cross Church, Chicago, III. 1691 






Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred thirty-seven 



owned, was purchased from thcra by the par- 
ish, and they retired from the charge of the 
girls' school. The conduct of both schools 
was given over to the Sisters of Previdence, 
who still conduct them. The convent was en- 
larged to accommodate the increased number 
of Sisters, and the entire building of St. Co- 
lumbkille's school was fitted up for the girls' 
school. The school attendance has had a won- 
derful increase, both buildings being filled to 
their capacity. At the opening of the school 
year 1907, a commercial department was 
added for girls, and has been attended with 
marked increase. About 175 young girls have 
already finished its two-years' course, and are 
now giving good satisfaction to their employ- 
ers. The jubilee year of 1909 was the banner 
year in the history of St. Columbkille's school, 
1,287 names having been placed on the roll, 
with a daily average of nearly 1,200. Sister 
Francis Borgia was the superior of the parish 
schools, and to her energy and ability our 
schools owe much of their efiScieucy. 

During Father Tinan's administration im- 
provements were made in the parish build- 
ings. The beautiful entrance to the church 
was built and is called the "Father Burke 
Memorial." A true picture of Father Tom, 
over the door, meets the visitor 's eye. An en- 
tire new heating plant has been placed in all 
the buildings, electric lights installed in the 
church. The two side altars recently built 
are the gifts of the parishioners. St. Joseph's 
altar was erected by the young men of the 
parish. The statue of St. Joseph and the 
altar furnishings are the gifts of the boys in 
the school. The altar of the Blessed Virgin 
is the gift of the young women of the parish, 
and the statue and furnishings of the altar are 
the gift of the girls of the school. The new 
marble statue of the Sacred Heart and its 
pedestal are the offering of the members of 
the League of the Sacred Heart. 

St. Columbkille's is meeting the fate of 
many of the older parishes of the city. Busi- 
ness encroachments and change in character 
of the population have wrought their usual 
marked decrease in our membership, and only 
the future can tell what will be the ultimate 
result. 

Another deeade of the parish has passed 
down to history, and in that short space some 
important happenings have occurred. The 
health of good Father Tinan for a time 
trembled on the brink of the grave, but the 
cliildren of the school would not let him die, 
and the ^Master, as of old, gave the victory to 



the children. Father Tinan then labored ' ' in 
season and out of season" with a brave heart, 
though weak body, to make everything as 
prosperous as possible. An infiux of strang- 
ers made its way into the district, and the 
people of the parish, always desirous of pleas- 
ant home surroundings, resented this, so many 
of the parishioners "packed up and left for 
parts unknown." The first realization of 
their departure was made evident in the de- 
erca.se in the school attendance. The boys' 
school alone could accommodate the remain- 
ing numbers. Then the girls' school was 
closed and remained closed for two years. At 
the personal request of His Grace, the Arch- 
bishop Mundelein, and the generous offer of 
Father Tinan, the school re-opened to accom- 
modate children of all nationalities attending 
the public school. About 300 flocked to old 
St. Columbkille's and mingled in the respec- 
tive grades. They are still with us, and most 
welcome. It is not an unusual thing now to 
find Hibernia and Italia, plus all the other 
nations, side by side in the school. But now 
a clean, foreign element has made its way into 
the parish and again our school is well-filled. 

Although many moved to different parts of 
the city, yet in the parish still reside many 
through whose generositj- the parish flour- 
ishes as in by-gone days. 

About this time the kind and faithful 
Father Foley was promoted to first curacy at 
St. Mel's parish. He was replaced by our bril- 
liant and much-loved Father Mockenhaupt, 
who had completed his studies and had been 
ordained in Rome. For one year Father 
Mockenhaupt performed parish duties only, 
but at the beginning of his second j'ear here 
was appointed to a professorship at the Quig- 
ley Preparatory Seminary, where he still 
labors, a model priest and teacher. Rev. 
Thomas McDevitt, Rev. Charles O'Reilly and 
Rev. William Burke remained assistants dur- 
ing Father Tinan "s pastorate. Rev. Charles 
Quinn was appointed assistant July 1, 1907, 
to succeed the Rev. T. J. McDevitt, who vas 
appointed to found the new Ascension parish 
of Oak Park, 111. Rev. W. C. Burke was 
transferred temporarily to Harvard, III., July 
1, 1908. On February 21, 1909, Rev. Thomas 
Sheridan succeeded Father Quinn, who is now 
at Dixon, Illinois. On Februarj- 26, 1910, 
Rev. John E. Foley was appointed assistant, 
and later transferred to St. Mel's parish. 
Father O'Reillj' resigned on account of ill 
health, and was succeeded by Rev. John M. 
Ford. 



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I SS. Cyrill and Methodius Church. Chicago, III. IQ91 | 




St. Matthew's Church, Chicago, III. 1692 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred thirty-nine 



Fatlier Tiuau's masterful haiul )a;uided tlie 
ship skillfully, satisfactorily and justly, but 
his wretched health made him apprehensive of 
his ministration for the parish, so he asked 
the .archbishop to release him from parish 
duties. His Grace reluctantly acceded to his 
request and placed him as chaplain at the 
Academy of Our Lady, Lonjjwood. His fare- 
well took place September 22, 1916. On the 
same day one of our own boys said his first 
Mass, Rev. Charles McDonough, now at St. 
Jerome's parish. It was, indeed, a memor- 
able occasion. As the young Levite came into 
the sanctuar.y, our beloved pastor went forth. 
If Father Tinan could so well tell us to keep 
in benediction the memory of his predecessors 
what may we not say of himself. Words fail 
us, so we leave to the good God Father Tinan 's 
eulogy. 

Rev. J. M. Ford acted as pastor during the 
interval between the departure of Father 
Tinan and the advent of the Rev. Philip Tray- 
uor, the present incumbent. Father Traynor 
entered upon his duties as pastor, October 18, 
1916. The next big thing to present itself 
was the founding of the St. Columbkille day 
nurser.y. Since then the day nursery has 
thrived, with a daily attendance of 96 little 
people, under the devoted care of the Sisters 
of Providence. 

On September 21, 1919, St. Columbkille 's 
was greatly honored by the appointment of 
the Rev. J. M. Ford, D. D., to the superiu- 
tendency of the Catholic schools af Chicago. 
Not a better choice could have been made. 
Rev. Father Mockenhaupt replaces him in the 
first curacy, and Rev. J, B. Sprengel, another 
Roman Doctor, is second assistant. Father 
Sprengel has a happy, kind disposition and is 
gaining much popularity with the people. 

Only the good Lord, in whose honor this 
work has been done, can compute its results, 
but it is sufScient for us to jubilate and re- 
joice that it is done, old, so far as in us lies 
for the future, to strive that it may continue 
for the same purpose and to the same end. 
Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam. 

The following clergymen are products of 
St. Columbkille 's : Rev. John Code ; Rev. 
George Code ; Rev. Patrick Griffin ; Rev. Fath- 
er Sheehan, 0. S. M. ; Rev. Michael Hallinan ; 
Rev. Malley ; Rev. Monsignor Hoban ; Rev. 
Eugene Burke, V. S. C. ; Rev. Thomas Burke, 
C. S. C. ; Rev. Father DuSicy ; Rev. Stephen 
Sullivan; Rev. Elias Walsh, C. S. C; Rev. 
Ben. Sheil ; Rev. Donahue ; Rev. Munseh, Via- 



t*)riaii; Rev. Haiuucl Lucey ; Rev. Charles Mc- 
Douough ; Rev. Allen Gorey. 

Seminarists and students preparing for 
the priestiiood: .lohn Herring, 0. F. M. ; W. 
Gorman ; Walter Deneen, Viatorian ; E. 
O'Connell, S. J.; E. Malley; H. Fitzgerald; 
D. Kennedy; G. Hastcrok. 

The sisterhoods claimed : 

Sisters of Mercy — Sister Augusta Clancy, 
R. I. P.; Sister Urban Coughlin ; Sister M. 
Trinitas Thomas ; Sister Catherine Burl ; Sis- 
ter Bernadette Taylor; Sister Blanch Tobin; 
Sister Margaret Fitzgerald. 

Sisters of Charity — Sister Lucia Nasli, R. 
I. P. ; Sister Theresa Hayes ; Sister Isabella 
McCarthy ; Sister Theresa Chambers ; Sister 
Irene Malouey ; Sister Mary Margaret Lacy ; 
Sister Agnes Lacy; Sister Mary Clare Lacy, 
R. I. P. ; Sister Juliana Lacy. 

Dominicans — Sister Mary O'Leary; Sister 
Mary Madden. 

Visitandine — Sister Mary Sheehan. 

Sisters of Providence — Sister Alphonse 
Marie Sullivan ; Sister Annunciata Considiue ; 
Sister St. Agatha Hart; Sister M. Borgia 
Quilter; Sister Theresa Margaret Sullivan; 
Sister M. Perpetua Keck; Sister M. De 
Lourdes Slepika; Sister Rosella Marie Daly, 
R. I. P. ; Sister Irma Agnes Kennedy ; Sister 
St. Ange McGann; Sister Catherine Angela 
Euright ; Sister Bartholmew Enright ; Sister 
M. Denise Armstrong; Sister "Si. Angeline 
Zappen ; Sister Marianna Zappen ; Sister 
Mary Alfred Belz; Sister Marion Bernice 
Burke. 

On February 25 occurred the death of 
William J. O'Neil, the venerable trustee of 
our parish. His name has been closely allied 
with the growth and decline of our parish and 
the West Side. In 1865 he made his first 
visit to Chicago, staying for a period of three 
years, and again in 1871, after the Chicago 
fire, when he helped to rebuild it. He also 
aided in the building of our present church, 
and was a member of its first choir. In 1890 
he came to Chicago to live permanently, and 
engaged in the undertaking business. Nine 
yeai-s later he erected the building at 1618 
Grand Avenue, where he resided until his 
death. 

The funeral was held Monday, March 1. 
Solemn High Mass was simg by our pastor. 
Rev. Philip Traynor, assisted by Revs. J. E. 
P^ley and T. H. Sheridan, former priests of 
the parish. The funeral sermon was preached 
by the Rev. P. J. Tinau, our much beloved 
former pastor. The sound of his voice, strong 



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► I St. John The Baptist Church, Chicago, III. 1692 | 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred forty-one 



in spite of his declining age, brought back 
fond memories of the years he spent amongst 
us. He came to pay his last respects to his 
friend and help-mate, William J. O'Neil. In 
his eulogy Father Tinan pictured his life as 
that of an ideal Christian a'sd Catholic, and 
a good citizen. Charity to the poor had been 
one of his life's works. At the age of sixteen 
he became a member of the St. Vin«ent de 
Paul Society. He was the type of a man 
which the world needs today, honest and in- 
dustrious, with a character above reproach. 

His remains were laid to rest in the family 
lot at Mount Carmel. He is survived by two 
sons, James and W.illiam, and a daughter, 
Sarah. May his soul rest in peace. 

On Sunday, March the 12th, 1918, St. 
Columbkille 's parish honored her sons who 
ha-fl gone forth to fight for their country. At 
11 :15 a Military Mass was celebrated by the 
Rev. John I*Ialley, a former boy of the parish. 
Msgr. Edward F. Hoban, also a Columbkille 
boy, preached the sermon. A detachment of 
jackies was present in the sanctuary, and also 
a representation from Camp Grant. The 
service flag, containing over a hundred stars, 
was blessed, unfurled and set up in a conspic- 
uous place in the sanctuary. 

On Sunday, October 2, 1910, began the 
exercises of the golden jubilee celebration of 
St. Columbkille 's parish. These had been 
planned for the opening of the jubilee year, 
but unavoidable circumstances prevented 
their being held then, so they were deferred 
to the year's close. His Grace, Most Rev. 
Archbishop Quigley, opened the jubilee cele- 
bration with Solemn Pontifical Mass in the 
church at 11 a. m. Rev. D. J. Riordan, who 
when a boj' served Mass when celebrated in 
this district, when it was part of St. Patrick's 
parish, was assistant priest; Rev. John Code 
and Rev. M. Hallinan, deacons of honor ; Rev. 
M. Walsh, C. S. C, deacon, and Rev. S. Sul- 
livan, sub-deacon of the Mass; Rev. Dr. 
Dunne, master of ceremonies, and Rev. B. 
Sheil, assistant master of ceremonies. The 
jubilee sermon was preached by the Very Rev. 
Dr. Hoban, chancellor of the archdiocese. 

St. John the Evangelist 
Chicago, 1859 

St. John's parish, whose present boun- 
daries are Twelfth and Twenty-fourth Streets, 
the river, Princeton Avenue and the lake, 
was founded by the Rev. John Waldron, un- 
der the episcopal reign of Rt. Rev. James Dug- 



gan, D. D. Its heart and center is at the 
corner of Clark and Eighteenth Streets. To 
appreciate the history of this parish one must 
know soaiething of the character of its first 
priest and of the times and conditions in the 
city when he began his labors. So closely hal 
Father Waldron identified himself with St. 
John's that even to this day the old settlers 
in compliment to its founder refer to the 
church as ' ' Father John 's, ' ' instead of honor- 
ing the saint in whose name it was dedicated. 
Rev. John Waldron. 

Father Waldron was a Mayo man, born in 
the year 1830. His early education was re- 
ceived at St. Jarlath's College, at the feet of 
the great Archbishop McHale, the "laion of 
the Fold of Juda. " As a boy of sixteen he 
came to America and entered St. Vincent's 
College and Senunary, Cape Girardeau, Mis- 
souri. He was graduated in 1854, a«d came 
to Chicago. On September 22, 1855, in St. 
Mary's church, he was ordained a priest by 
Bishop 'Regan. 

Chicago in 1854. 

The commercial greatnsss of the city had 
even at that early date perhaps a beginning, 
but of this there were few outward tokens.. 
Its buildings for the most part were but a 
mongrel aggregation of wooden shanties, its 
by-ways clad in virgin sod, and the adven- 
turous wagoner was daily sunk in the sloughs 
of its principal streets. Ecclesiastical condi- 
tions were no better. The bishop boarded at 
the Tremont House. 

The "Cathedral" — old St. Mary's — was a 
wooden structure at Wabash Avenue and 
Madison Street. There was a little French 
mission — St. Louis — at Polk and ShermEin 
streets, moved just the year previous from the 
present site of the Federal Building on Clark 
Street. Venerable St. Bridget 's stood at Mud 
Lake, in Bridgeport, fragrant with the meni- 
ories of La Salle, Marquette and the early 
missionaries. St. Patrick's was a rambling 
shack at the corner of Randolph and Des- 
plaines. Holy Name was beginning an exist- 
ence. And this was all. Not until four years 
later did Father Damen, the sainted Jesuit, 
appear on the wilds of Blue Island Road and 
Twelfth Street to erect the parish of the Holy 
Family. 

Father Waldron at St. Louis Church. 

Immediately after his ordination Father 
Waldron was appointed to take direction of 
the French Mission known as St. Louis church. 
It was no flowery charge. St. Louis was as 
poor in this world's goods as it was rich in 




I St. Catherine of Qenoa Church, Chicago, III. 1593 | 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred forty-three 



dissentions. The majority of the congrega- 
tion were French, and they clamored for a 
priest who could address them in their own 
tongue. They had their will during the ad- 
ministration of Father Roles, who had learned 
French at the Grand Seminary, and preached 
it for years to the Acadians. But Father 
Waldron had never seen Acadia or the Grand 
Seminary. French is not the language of 
Mayo. The Mayonese speak English — under 
protest, to be sure — attuning its harsh notes 
to the music of their own melodious rills, and 
they have a language of their own which 
philologists term the Erse. Father Waldron 
had both of these on the tip of his tongue, but 
of the French he was barren. But he would 
not have been a true Mayo man if his mother 
wit did not rise to the solution of such a difS- 
culty. He stood up in his pulpit the first 
Sunday and said to the malcontents : " I '11 
preach to you in Irish, and you can under- 
stand that as well as the rest o ' them. ' ' Daz- 
zled by this strategic compromise all the 
French lost their discontent in admiration of 
the new priest, and thus the Gael triumphed 
over the Gauls. 

Father "Waldron remained in charge of St. 
Louis for four years. If he lived to be a hun- 
dred it is not likely that the father would 
experience four years so difficult, so beset with 
adventure and danger. His parish was truly 
in the wilds. His flock claimed for a time 
most of the laborers on the then new canal — 
a riotous. Godless set. They made ' ' Conley 's 
Patch" a synonym for terrorism and out- 
lawry. The whole region was unkempt and 
a bedlam. It triumphed in its excesses over 
the peurile authority of a half -formed govern- 
ment. That government had no powers to 
compare with those exercised by the indus- 
trious, enthusiastic priest working daily 
among his people, learning their wants and 
administering to them of his slender means, 
serving them as doctor and lawyer, as well as 
priest, governing them, in short, with the word 
and hand of a father. Few in America who 
now live, within or without the Church, have 
any notion of the importance of a priest in 
those early pioneer days. He was all in all 
to all men. Long John Wentworth recognized 
the fact when, despairing of control over the 
untamed South Side during his term as 
Mayor, he called Father Waldron to his office 
and conferred upon him the authority of a 
' ' Deputy Chief of Police. " " I 'd rather have 
your help than the whole police force with- 
out," protested the old leviathan. And the 



priest humbly assumed the new honor and 
continued at his work. 

As an instance of the phenomenal appreci- 
ation of real estate since the fifties. Father 
Waldron often recalled a case which came 
within his experience during his pastorate at 
St. Louis. He had among his congregation a 
very old man and wife, who had accumulated 
a small property. They recognized that they 
were not long for this world, and called the 
father to them for the purpose of making 
over to him a portion of their estate for the 
vise of the Church — a proposition which Fath- 
er Waldron in financial stress regarded with 
entire complacency. The old man owned the 
lot and house in which he lived. He pro- 
posed to the priest to make over his property 
or to give a donation of one hundred dollars 
in cash as the good Father should elect. The 
lot was a dirty piece of ground, and one hun- 
dred dollars in hand was not an offering to 
be despised. Father Waldron accepted the 
money and lived to see the day when the 
Board of Trade was built on what might have 
been his property. 

The Beginning of St. John's. 

In June, 1859, Father Waldron left St. 
Louis and began the work of organiziug St. 
John's parish. The property to be occupied 
had been donated by a Mr. Corrigan. On 
October the 30th, of the same year, he had his 
building ready for dedication. It was a huge 
affair for those days, built of pine, squatty, 
and in dimensions about 40 by 80 feet. The 
church stood on the northwest corner of But- 
terfield Street (later known as Armour Ave- / 
nue, now Federal Street) and Old Street, now ' 
Eighteenth Street. On the first page of a 
Record for Baptisms Father Waldron made 
these annotations: "I baptized in the St. 
Louis church, from October 1, 1855, to Oc- 
tober 1, 1859, one thousand nine children, and 
married three hundred couples," and anent 
the beginning of his new charge, "St. John's 
church, dedicated by Rt. Rev. James Duggan, 
assisted by Rev. John Waldron, pastor; Very 
Rev. Dennis Dunne, V. G. ; Very Rev. Arnold 
Damond, S. J.; Rev. Father Higginbothan, 
and Very Rev. Patrick Dillon, president of 
Notre Dame College, Indiana. Chicago a 
small city in those days." In the spring of 
the following year he built his parochial resi- 
dence just to the west of the church on Old 
Street. 

Men marvelled at the folly of this priest, i 
who dared go so far south as Eighteenth | 
Street. But his experience was the same as 



4 ^ 






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j St. Fr?ANCis Xavieh Chuhch. LaQhange, III. 1690 | 







St. Stanislaus Church, Chicago, III. 1(393 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred forty-five 



that of Father Damen oa the West Side. He 
built a church, and the people came to it. lu 
a remarkably short time St. John's was num- 
bered as one of the most flourishing parishes 
in the city. Its greatest increase came im- 
mediately after the Chicago fire. The County 
Hospital and Toby 's packing house, located on 
West Erghteenth Street, the Illinois Central 
shops came to Sixteenth Street, near the lake, 
and the Rock Island shops to Twelfth and 
Clark; Libby's establishment was at Four- 
teenth and State Streets; all along the river 
was the lumber district, and the stock yards 
were at Twenty-second between State and Cot- 
tage Grove. ' ' McPadden 's Patch ' ' was to the 
northeast; "Kerry Patch" to the north and 
west, and ' ' Cleaverville ' ' near the stock yards. 
Wabash avenue was the home of the elite. 

St. John's School. 

In 1869 more property was purchased and 
a school erected facing Clark Street. It was 
one of the first and fiaest in all the city, built 
at a cost of more than $75,000, and to accom- 
modate one thousand children. Lay teachers 
were first engaged, and then in time came the 
Sisters of Mercy and Christian Brothers. A 
fine three-story brick residence for the broth- 
ers was built facing on Butterfield Street. 
Many, many men and women now prominent 
in business life ®r Catholic social circles, re- 
ceived their primary education at St. John's 
school, and never tire with telling about their 
old-time teachers. With the sudden collapse 
of the parish the schools were abandoned 
shortly after Father Waldron 's death, and the 
buildings have long since been razed to the 
ground. 

The Present Church Building. 

On October the 7th, 1877, a very wet day, 
as any of the 20,000 who attended may remem- 
ber, Father Waldron began the erection of the 
present church. Bishop Spalding, the bril- 
liant prelate of Peoria, preached the sermon. 
At about this very time some of the parish- 
ioners questioned the prudence of building on 
the present location, but after much contro- 
versy Father Waldron settled the dispute with 
the declaration that he "would rather build 
in the hearts of his people than over east on 
the avenue." The church was dedicated on 
October 7, 1881, Archbishop Feehan oflSciat- 
ing. Archbishop Ryan of Philadelphia spoke 
at the Mass, and Bishop Spalding at Vespers. 
It was an occasion worthy of these two most 
eloquent men. The church cost about $150,- 
000, and stands to this day a model in its style. 



strong in appearance, beautiful in its every 
line, always the chief pride of its gifted arch- 
itect, the lamented Mr. Egan. In 1886 a 
parochial residence was completed entirely in 
keeping with the style and beauty of the 
church. 

. Decline of the Parish and Death of . 
Father Waldron. 

The exodus from St. John's began about 
two years after the dedication of the new 
church. Father Waldron had forced the Rock 
Island road to abandon Clark Street and move 
west to the alley, but could not check the in- 
rush of half a dozen other railroads seeking a 
terminal east of Clark street. Failing to buy 
him out they built around him, and practic- 
ally took up all the property to the west and 
north of the church. In a few short years 
hundreds and hundreds of his beloved poor 
and faithful families surrendered their 
humble homes to the railroads, and moved in 
affluence to help build up and be the first fam- 
ilies in the many South Side parishes. 

The good pastor died with a broken heart 
within a year's time after he had moved into 
his new house. Few priests are ever mourned 
by the good old folks as he was mourned. As 
an evidence of his administrative abilities, 
there was only a debt of $40,000 on the entire 
plant when he laid down his burden on May 8, 
1887. As a priest. Count Onahan, in an ap- 
preciation of his character, tells how "he was 
not a man of great learning, neither was he 
an eloquent preacher, but he possessed qual- 
ities more valuable than either learning or 
eloquence. He had great good sense, and a 
store of priestly wisdom. He was his people 's 
pastor, and regarded by them as a veritable 
Soggarth Aroon." Another gifted writer of 
the early times likens him in many respects 
to the Father Phil of Sam Lover's story. If 
by chance he met with one of his parishioners 
carrying home contraband goods, immedi- 
ately his trusty blackthorn came into service ; 
if it happened to be a housewife with baker's 
bread forthwith he delivered a lecture on do- 
mestic thrift. Street gangs and alley loafers 
dispersed when he hove in sight. And yet 
they all loved him. To the sick and poor he 
was God's almoner. He is the one whose 
name must always be first whenever mention 
is made about the beginning of Catholicity on 
the South Side. Be his name and memory in 
benediction ! 

Rev. T. J. Butler, D. D. 

Rev. T. J. Butler was the second pastor of 
St. John's. His career was from old St. 




St. Patrick's Church, Kankakee, III. 1692 




St Agatha's Church, Chicago. III. 1693 



The Archdiocese &f Chicago 



Page three hutidred forty-seven 



Mary's to the Immaculate Conception, to 
Rockford aiad from thence to St. John's. Ed- 
ucated in Rome he was a versatile scholar, an 
eloquent speaker and above all gifted with a 
glorious voice in singing the praises of God. 
He was chaplain all through the Civil War in 
Colonel Mulligan's gallant Irish Brigade, the 
Twenty-third Illinois Volunteers, participat- 
ing in the famous siege of Lexington. He had 
also served as secretary to Bishop Duggan, 
and later was prominently identified with the 
"Loyal Legion,'' and frequently lectured be- 
fore the assemblies to the delight of his aud- 
itors. He was a close friend of the great 
Archbishop Ireland, and accordinglj' St. 
John's people were several times honored by 
his presence in their pulpit. 

Count Onahan describes the conditions in 
St. John's during the administration of Doctor 
Butler. "After the invasion of the railroads, 
clearing away houses and people, little was 
left beyond a fitful and irregular floating 
population, which gave only a scant support 
to the famous ch>irch, which Father Waldron 
took so much pains to build, and which stands 
as his monument. Prom prominence the par- 
ish fell into comparative obscurity, nor was it 
possible even to a priest of the Doctor's great 
ability and interesting personal qualities to 
restore the former prestige of St. John's." 
Another afiliction came to the parish during 
the pastorate of Doctor Butler, when the whole 
district surrounding the church west of State 
Street and as far south as Twenty-second 
Street, grew to be the city's cancerous spot of 
segregated vice. 

Doctor Butler died on June 16, 1897, in the 
Eternal Citj^, just two daj^s before the date 
set for his consecration as bishop to fill the 
then vacant See of Concordia, Missouri. 

Bishop A. J. McGavick. 
The Rev. A. J. McGavick, from curate at 
All Saints ' church, came to be the third pastor 
of St. John 's. He labored with all the zeal of 
a new pastor, almost to the breaking of his 
health, and for a time succeeded in putting 
some flash of new life in the old parish. Dur- 
ing his brief administration all the buildings 
were repaired, and nearly $10,000 paid on the 
parish indebtedness. On May 1, 1899, Father 
McGavick was consecrated Auxiliary Bishop 
of the diocese of Chicago, and in the following 
year appointed rector of Holy Angel 's parish. 
Although beloved in St. John's as no other 
pastor could merit in so short a time, the story 
of his achievements is now claimed by the 
people of Holy Angel's. 



Rev. James M. Scanlon. 

Rev. James M. Scanlon, assistant pa.stor at 
the Cathedral for a number of years, was as- 
signed as fourth pastor of St. John's on April 
20, 1900. His was a long and terrible siege, 
with no hopes of the parish ever improving, a 
time of "anxious waiting" to see what 
changes the commercial growth of the city 
might bring about either to benefit or destroy. 
During his time, in 1902, the silver jubilee of 
the laying of the cornerstone of the present 
church was celebrated with a great concourse 
of priests and laity. Bishop Muldoon pon- 
tificating. In the latter part of February, 
1914, Father Scanlon was appointed pastor 
of Our Lady of Lourdes parish, where he still 
presides. 

St. John's Present Pastor. 

On March 4, 1914, Rt. Rev. James Edward 
Quigley appointed the Rev. Edward L. Don- 
danville the fifth pastor of St. John's. Father 
Dondanville received his college degrees from 
Niagara University, and was ordained from 
the seminary of the same institution on June 
4, 1898, in the first class ordained by Bishop 
Quigley, then Bishop of Buffalo. In his col- 
lege career he was twice elected valeelictorian, 
won several class distinctions, and for four 
years was editor-in-chief of the "Niagara In- 
dex." Previous to his coming to St. John's 
he had served as curate at Oregon, St. Mar- 
garet's and Corpus Christi. It was during 
the first few months of his new pastorate that 
the final police crusade of cleaning out the 
vice district was in progress. But the last 
state of affairs was not much better than what 
had preceded. The poison was only spread 
to a greater area. No decent population 
would come to live in the houses made vacant. 
Chinatown moved to the southwest part of the 
parish. A reporter in the daily press reports 
the present conditions: "The grayest, grim- 
mest, gauntest place in all Chicago is the 
burned-out cinder of what was once the city's 
most lurid possession — the old levee district 
lying along Dearborn, State, Archer and Ar- 
mour Avenues and thereabouts, stretching 
from Eighteenth Street to Twenty-secand. 
Today the district is a dreary place. The 
windows are broken and manj' more are 
boarded up. Junkmen and their wares have 
become the occupants of most of the forlorn 
buildings. The more pretentious houses are 
dull and sordid, lost to life. In other places 
*abby curtains sag at windows, where swing 
the placards 'Rooms for colored people only.' 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred forty-nine 



It is a ghostly sort of region. There are 
streets of silent houses, with sometimes not a 
soul in sight. Corners that were once light 
and gay are ragged ruins now. Financially 
this ex-plague spot is a fizzle. The once ex- 
orbitant rentals have dwindled now to prac- 
tically nothing. Owners are hoping for some- 
thing that will save their sin-shadowed lands 
to usefulness and prosperity. Occasionally a 
warehouse wacders up there, but otherwise 
industry and inhabitants have been very shy 
of the region. ' ' 

Less than one hundred families in the out- 
lying districts are all that now remain of the 
one-time glorious St. John's, but their good- 
ness, their generosity and loyaltj' are tradi- 
tional. For years they have hoped against 
hope that somehow the prestige of the parish 
might again be restored. The grand old 
church, unexcelled in the tracings of its early 
beauty, still stands sentinel amid the ravages 
of time, a monument to the faith and sacri- 
fices of other days, its sanctuary lamp ever 
burning to guide a faithful remnant of the 
past to the throne of Him with Whom "there 
is no change or shadow of alteration." 

Following is a list of tie priests who served 
as assisting pastors since the beginning of St. 
John 's : 

Fathers Leyden, Grogan*, Richard Mc- 
Guire*, Hugh McGuire*, Lyons*, M. J. Dor- 
ney*, Barrett*, John Waldron, Jr.*, C. P. 
Foster*, Oimet*, M. O'Brien, "William Hac- 
kett*, Cramer, D. H. Riordan, James Corcor- 
an*, T. V. Shannon, M. Dorney, P. Gildea*, 
J. Kane, F. P. Murphy, J. P. Doran, B. Brady, 
P. Dunne, J. Heeney and George Beemster- 
boer. 

• Deceased. 

St. James — Belvidere, 1860 

Belvidere was aa out-mission attended 
from Rockford until 1860, when the Rev. John 
P. Donelan was appointed resident pastor. 
He organized the parish and built the small 
stone church at the corner of Church and 
Carroll Streets, which was used until 1886. 

Father Donelan was succeeded in the pas- 
torate by Rev. Patrick McGuire, pastor of 
St. James, Chicago. Father Patrick McGuire 
built the present fine church, which was dedi- 
cated March 28, 1889, by Archbishop Feehan, 
who also delivered the dedicatory sermon. The 
church is the finest building in Belvidere, and 
has a seating capacity of 500. 

The visiting clergy at the dedication were : 
Reverends R. ]\IcGuire, Pecatonica ; D. Hayes, 



W. A. Horan and B. McDevitt of Chicago; J. 
Mackin, Elgin ; J. J. Flaherty and J. J. Green 
of Rockferd; J. Gallagher of Hartland, Illi- 
nois. , 

St. Patrick's church, Marengo, is attended 
as an out-mission from Belvidere. 

St. Patrick's 
Wilton Center, 1860 

St. Patrick's parish, Wilton Center, bet- 
ter known to the old as "the Grove parish," 
was started some sixty years ago. Rev. Fath- 
er Enteut was the first priest to say Mass in 
this district. Then came Fathers McGorvis. 
John Ingoldsby, Bart. Linergan and Dr. John 
McMullen. These priests came from Wil- 
mington. Rev. Father Linergan built the 
first church, w-hieh was destroyed by a tor- 
nado, just as it was completed. The good 
people started immediately and erected an- 
other church, which was destroyed by fire on 
Christmas Day, 1897. 

Rev. F. Kurtzen attended this parish from 
Manteno for seven or eight years, coming two 
or three times a month. Then Father Hugh 
O 'Gara McShane attended for some time from 
Wilmington. The Rev. Thomas F. O'Gara, 
present pastor of Corpus Christi church, Chi- 
cago, was appointed to take charge of this 
congregation some forty-two years ago. Fath- 
er O'Gara is the priest who is best remembered 
by the people of this parish. He attended 
this congregation for twenty-seven long years, 
coming through mud, snow and rain from Wil- 
mington. Father O'Gara Ifuilt the present 
church some twenty-two years ago. Father 
O'Gara did heroic work in this part of the 
country, and his memory is fresh and green 
with the people of St. Patrick's, Wilton Cen- 
ter. His name is a household word with the 
people. The old people especially love to 
speak of their "dear old Father O'Gara," as 
the truest type of the Irish missionary. Fath- 
er O'Gara was ably assisted in his labors here 
by the Reverends David Conway and James 
Clancy. 

Rev. Joseph McNamee, present pastor of 
St. David's church, Chicago, was appointed 
as first resident pastor, October, 1905. Father 
McNamee labored faithfully and well in this 
parish for eight years. He built the present 
parochial residence, and made manj- other 
improvements in the church and property. 

Rev. Timothy J. Hurley, present pastor of 
St. Margaret 's church, Chicago, was appointed 
pastor. March, 1914. 



+ ^o- 



-o-o- 



ST¥I 




[ St. Dahtholomew^s Church, Waukegan. III. 1695 | 




R(Zv.L.C.D/efher 



St, Clara's Church, Chicago, III. 1694 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred fifty-one 



Rev. W. C. Burke is the proset.it pastor of 
St. Patrick's, being appointed by His Grace, 
Archbishop Mundeleiu. D. D., June 9, 1917. 

The history of St. Patrick's would not be 
complete without adding the names of the 
early settlers and those who helped to build 
the Church in these parts. Committee se- 
lected by Father Linergan to build the first 
ehurcli : John Nugent, Patrick Smith, Thom- 
as 'Beirne, John Ilayden and Andrew Quig- 
ley. Old settlers : James Clinton, Thomas 
MeCormick, Michael Kaveuey, John Brown, 
Patrick Tulley, Florence Mahoney, Daniel 
Mahoney, John Barrett, Cornelius Norton, 
John Hajden, Patrick O'Brien, Thomas Clin- 
ton, John Quigley, ilrs. Catherine MeCormick. 

St. Benedict's — Blue Island, 1861 

St. Benedict's parish was organized as a 
mission by the Benedictine Fathers of Chi- 
cago. The first services were held in the Wil- 
liam Heckler building at the corner of West- 
ern Avenue and York Street, on the 13th of 
October, 1861, by Rev. Meinrad, 0. S. B. For 
the first few years services were held once a 
month. In those daj-s Blue Island was a 
strictly Grerman settlement. Some of the 
names of the early settlers and founders of 
St. Benedict's church are as follows: William 
Heckler, Peter Lusson, Bernard Baumann, 
Nie. Fritz, Andrew Rauwolf, Sr., Joseph 
Leehner, Sr., Gerhard Mulderink. John 
Steffes and John Ferrers. 

June 25, 1862, Rev. Corbinian, 0. S. B., 
took charge of the mission until November 22, 
1863. From this date until March 29, 1864, 
Reverends Francis Schlechter and Peter Fass- 
bender attended. On June 26, 1862, the 
trustees of the parish purchased a lot from 
Benjamin Sanders and wife on the corner of 
York and Gregory Streets, for the considera- 
tion of $125. Father Fassbender built the 
first church on this lot in the year 1864. 

From March, 1864, until February, 1865, 
three Redemptorist Fathers had charge of the 
mission : Reverends Jacob Hagel, C. SS. R. ; 
Charles Hahn, C. SS. R., and Albert Schoeffle, 
C. SS. R. 

From this date until February, 1904, the 
Benedictine Fathers attended. During these 
39 yeai-s 18 different priests attended the par- 
ish. They appear in the baptismal register 
of the parish as follows : Reverends Meinrad, 
Corbinian, Gregory, C-orbinian, Leander, Suit- 
bert, Dionj'sius, Dennis, Anselm, Benedict, 
Richard, Bruno, Suitbert, Utto, Bruno, Paul, 
Corbinian, Tlicodosius, Beda, Xavier, Brunn, 
Chrvsotoraus, William and Meinrad. 



Th<> first school, whicii also served as a 
sisters' dwelling, was erected by Father 
Bruno, O. S. B., in the year 1880. At short 
periods the school was taught by lay teach- 
ers. Soon the School Sisters of Notre Dame 
took (;harge of the school, and have been teach- 
ing here ever since. At first there were only 
two sisters, now the community consists of 
twelve. 

The first rectory was built by Father Beda 
in t\ui year 1884. It was a one-story building, 
20 by 30. The lot on which church, school 
and rectory then stood was only 60 by 150. 
On returning to Blue Island for a third term 
Father Bruno purchased the ad.joining 60- 
foot lot for a consideration of $960, on which 
lot Father Chrysotomus built a two-story 
rectory in the year 1893. 

The present church was built by Father 
William in the year 1895. With other neces- 
sary improvements it cost $30,000. It is a / 
church built upon a four-room school. This 
method of construction raises the church above 
all other buildings of the town, and enables 
one to see it for miles around. 

One notable priest who deserves special 
mention is Father Meinrad, who organized the 
mission in 1861, and who was the last Bene- 
dictine Father to have charge of the parish. 
His last stay was from October, 1898, until 
February, 1904. He is still living and spend- 
ing his last daj's at the archabbey of the Bene- 
dictine Fathers at Beatty, Pennsylvania. 

Rev. Francis Rempe, now monsignor, was 
appointed pastor February, 1904. He re- 
mained until June, 1905. During his short 
administration the church was decorated and 
the school attendance increased considerably. 
Rev. Paul Halbmaier succeeded him and 
stayed until July, 1909. He built the presont 
sisters ' houce at a cost of $10,000, and changed 
the old sisters' house into a school. He also 
took great interest in the cemetery. 

In the early history of the parish the 
cemetery was located on Burr Oak Avenue, 
consisting of a tract of land about two acres 
large. In the year 1886 the parish sold this 
site and purchased 20 acres of land for ceme- 
tery purposes, four miles west of Blue Island. 
A section of this land was used for burials. 
During Father Halbmaier 's time this section 
proved too small. He enlarged the cemetery 
and improvised the grounds according to mod- 
ern plans. 

Rev. Paul Rosch was pastor from July, 
1909. until his death, March 11, 1917. The 
six available rooms of the school were soon 



-o-o- 



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. '-A/'i*^ K\. y. ^-:_: ; . t. V-i 



Ascension Church, Harvey, III. 1(S92 



■:| 




/?c« W J Lynch 



St. Bride's Church, Chicago. III. 1693 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred fifty-three 



crowded, and F'ather Rosch was ohli<i:ed to 
secure more rooi.-i. He purchased the prop- 
erty in th; rear of the church, and built a 
modern rectory on it. He. then changed the 
old rectory into a school providing two more 
rooms. These rooms were filling fast, and the 
need of a large modern scliool was clear. To 
provide for the future school he then pur- 
chased the property adjoining the old rectorj'. 

The present pastor. Rev. Theo. G. Gross, 
was appointed after the death of Rev. Paul 
Rosch. 

. The debt of the parish is almost paid, only 
$6,000 remaining. This debt will be can- 
celled easily this year, and the much-needed 
modern school will be a question of only a 
short time. 

The first assistant appointed to this parish 
was Rev. William Dettmer. He came with 
Father Rempe in the year 1904. At this time 
Mokena and Goodings Grove became missions 
to St. Benedict's parish. Gooding's Grove 
proving too inconvenient to attend from Blue 
Island, it was given over to the Jesuit Fathers 
after one year. In 1905, Rev. Theo. G. Gross 
was appointed assistant. He remained until 
April, 1910. The third assistant was Rev. 
George Sehark, followed by the Reverends 
Peter Gall, John Liebreich, Charles Mertens, 
and the present assistant, Joseph P. Rubey. 

The parish has increased to such an extent 
that the Mokena mission had to be given up, 
since four Masses were needed for the people. 

The school is now in a flourishing condi- 
tion. It comprises nine rooms. The School 
Sisters of Notre Dame are still teaching, hav- 
ing taken charge of the school forty years ago. 
The present superior is Sister Victor. 442 
pupils attend the school, 220 boys and 222 
girls. The plan of studies ordered by the 
diocesan school board is followed. 

Among the church societies of the parish 
the oldest is the Rosary Society of the ladies. 
This society has been a great aid to every 
pa.stor. In all needs of the parish the ladies 
of this society answered every call. The 
Sacred Heart League, St. Agnes Young 
Ladies' Sodality, St. Aloysius Boys' and 
Girls' Society, all have large memberships. 
A branch of the St. Vincent de Paul Society 
was organized by Rev. "William, 0. S. B. 
Among the beneficiary societies the Wimmer 
Council No. 407 of the Catholic Benevolent 
Legion is the oldest. It was organized by Rev. 
"William, 0. S. B. Next in order of organiza- 
tion is the Catholic Order of Foresters, Wil- 
liam Court, No. 1019 ; St. Scholastica Court, 



No. 581, Lady Foresters; Blue Island Council 
No. I.'i66, Knights of ('olumbus, and the Blue 
Island Court No. 113 of the Daughters of 
Isabella. 

The great ambition of these societies is to 
have their own hall. They are now meeting 
in the different halls of the city, but the time 
does not seem so far distant when their am- 
bition will be realized and a fine new school 
and hall will be built to take care of the rap- 
idly growing needs of St. Benedict's pkrish. 

St. Mary's — Minooka, 1861 

The Minooka church has an interesting 
history. Father Plunkett, pioneer mission- 
ary of the late forties and early fifties, was 
the first Catholic priest to hold services there 
with any semblance of a regular congregation. 

Father Plunkett began making regular 
visits to Minooka in the early fifties, and con- 
tinued this until he met his death in Joliet. 
But for nearly a decade the Catholics of 
Minooka attended services at Dresden, where 
a church was erected in 1863. At the begin- 
ning the Minooka church was known as an 
out-mission from Morris, and was attended 
from Morris by the Rev. Father Terry, who 
looked after a church in Ottawa and one in 
Morris. St. Mary's parish was finally 
founded when, in 1862, some fifty Catholics 
headed by the Comerfords, Kinsella and 
George T. Smith decided to locate perman- 
ently in Minooka, and established the church 
society in a frame building. The parish now 
covers an area of about eight square miles. 
The early services, after the first frame struc- 
ture was built, were conducted by the Rev. 
Father Lyons from Morris. Finally a resi- 
dent pastor was appointed in the person of 
the Rev. Father Sheedy. 

He came in 1869, and the first confirma- 
tion service was held in the church in 1872, 
the late Bishop Foley of Chicago officiating. 
Father Sheedy was transferred in 1874 and 
Father Walsh was sent to Minooka. Father 
Walsh died after a year as pastor, and was 
succeeded by the Rev. Patrick McMahon of 
Rockford, recently deceased. The Rev. Fath- 
er Malone.y was then sent to Minooka, where 
he died. Father Joseph McMahon, the pres- 
ent pastor, succeeded him. 

Father McMahon has been a successful 
pa.stor and a builder. The present church, 
which is out of debt, and the rectory adjoin- 
ing w-re erected during the pastorate of 
Father McMahon. The old church was de- 



•^-o- 





Rev. </ A Hynes 



Rev <P A.Pdrker 





Fw C M'^Lellan 



Lady of Angels Church, Chicago, III. 1694 | 



Oun 





Rev. LB. Gruenenfeldet 



RevD.A Kohen 





Sacred Heart Church, Chicago, III. 1S94 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 

Stroj-ed by liwhtniug in 1903. The next day 
a building eommittee was formed and tlie 
money necessary to start rebuilding jjledged 
in two days. In October, 1904, the present 
building was dedicated by Archbishop Quig- 
ley in the presence of a large gathering of 
priests and laity. 

Immaculate Conception 
Elmhurst, 1862 

The Immaculate Conception jiarisli, Elm- 
hurst, was organized in the early si.xties. The 
first entry in the baptismal register being 
March, 1862. The town was then known by 
the name of Cottage Hill. Benedictine Fath- 
ers from St. Joseph's church attended to the 
spiritual needs of the congi-egation until 1864. 
They were succeeded by the Redemptorist 
Fathers, who had charge of the parish until 
August, 1876. The first resident pastor was 
Rev. Charles Becker. The records contain 
the names of the following pastors in the order 
given : Reverends M. Welby, C. J. Nieder- 
barger, J. B. Kanzleiter, F. M. Bay, L. Moczy- 
gemba and John Zilla. Father Zilla's pastor- 
ate extended from May, 1892, to July, 1916,' 
when owing to ill health he resigned and was 
succeeded by the j^reseut incumbent, D. L. 
McDonald. 

In November, 1898, the church was de- 
stroyed bj' fire. The following year the pres- 
ent church, school, convent and pastor's resi- 
dence were erected. 

In order to provide for the future growth 
of the parish a choice corner 265 by 275 feet 
was purchased in February, 1919. 

The parochial school is in charge of the 
si.sters of St. Agnes, whose mother-house is in 
Fon du Lac; Wi;';consin. At present there are 
114 children in attendance. 

St. Wenceslaus (Bohemian) 
Chicago, 1863 

^ St. Wenceslaus jvarish being the oldest 
Bohemian parish in Chicago, is closely linked 
with the history of the other Bohemian par- 
ishes of the city. 

The first Bohemians who came to Chicago 
began to settle on the North Side, near North 
Avenue and Clark Street, and later on, par- 
ticularly after the Chica?,o fire, they began 
to settle west of Harrison street, in the neigh- 
borhood where now St. Wenceslaus church 
stands. 

On account of the scarcity of Bohemian 
priests in America and the fewness and pov- 



Page three hundred fifty-five 

erty of the first Bohemian immigrants, they 
had no priests who would attend to their spir- 
itual wants nor a place of their own, where 
they could worship. They attended St. Pet- 
er's church, on Polk and Clark Streets, and 
St. Francis church, on Clinton and Mather 
Streets. 

On. August 14, 1863, they called a meet-, 
ing at which it was decided to buy the prop- 
erty of W. W. Washburn, on De Koven and 
Desplaines Streets for $1,100, and begin to 
build a church as soon as po.ssible. Eighty- 
five families subscribed as parisTiioners and' 
promised to help build the church an(i support 
the parish. They began building the church 
in 1865, and finished it the following year. It 
was a wooden combination building, compris- 
ing a church, school and living quarters for a 
priest. When the building was completely 
finished and the church furnished, Mr. Jo^n 
Kalal aud Anthony Svoboda asked Bishop J. 
Duggan for a Bohemian priest, but the bishop 
had^none to send. At the request of the 
parishioners and with the permission of the 
bishop, Rev. A. Lang of Dubuque, Iowa, came 
to Chicago aud attended the parish for two 
weeks. After his departure, the Jesuits from 
Holy Family church said Mass in the new 
church every Sunday, but not knowing the 
Bohemian language could not hear their con- 
fessions until Rev. F. X. Sulak, S. J., came 
in April and attended to the parish regularly. 
Rev. F. X. Sulak, S. J., was born and studied 
in Kroraeriz, Bohemia, and spoke the Bo- 
hemian language fluently. Rev. F. X. Sulak 
stayed, however, only two months, when he 
was recalled to give missions to the Bohemians 
and Poles scattered throughout the United 
States. • ■ 

After Rev. F. Sulak 's leave the parish was 
again without a pastor or an attending priest. 
During this time St. Wenceslaus Society took 
charge of the parish, and tried to get a priest 
for the parish. A day of great importance 
and an occasion for much rejoicing was Oc- 
tober 28, 1866, when Rev. Joseph Molitor, the 
lately appointed priest, came to take charge 
of the parish. From that time ou the parish 
mvde marked and steady progress. 

In 1867 a new organ and church bell were 
bought, and in 1869 more property, with a 
Bap'tist church was bought. The newly ac- 
quired church building was made into a school, 
which was given to the charge of the Fran- 
.ciscau Sisters, aud a rectory was built on one 
of the vacant lots. The old church was also 
enlarged and remodeled. 



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I St. Mark's Church, Chicago, III. 1Q94 | 




St. Joachim's Church. Chicago, III. 1694 I 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred fifty-seven 



In 1877 the number of attending school 
children was so great that the five school 
rooms could not accommodate them, and more 
rooms had to be built. It was decided to 
raise the church and arrange school rooms 
and a home for the sisters on the ground floor. 

In 1881 a church tower was erected and 
many improvements were made on the prop- 
ert}-. In 1887 the church was again remod- 
eled, and beautiful new stained glass win- 
dows set in, and in 1893 a fine new brick 
school building was erected on De Koven 
Street. During t.Ve following 3-ears many 
minor improvements were made on the prop- 
erty and buildings. 

In 1906 the parish suffered a great loss. 
Rev. Joseph Molitor, who for forty years zeal- 
ously and devotedly worked for the parish, 
was failing in health, and on August 2.3, after 
attending to a distant sick call, became very 
ill and died the same night at 11 o'clock. 

The solemn obsequies were held on Aug- 
ust 27, and were attended bj- Archbishop J. E. 
Quigley, Bishop P. Muldoon and more than 
60 priests. 

Rev. Joseph Molitor was born in Valasske 
Mizirici, Moravia, March 14, 1842. After at- 
tending the village school he attended college, 
and for two years the seminary of Olomouc. 
At the request of Bishop Duggan he went to 
Louvain, where he finished his theological 
studies, and was ordained in 1866. After a 
short visit to his parents in Moravia he left 
for Chicago, where he was made pastor of St. 
Weneeslaus parish, where he worked energet- 
ically and unselfishly for forty \'ears. 

After the death of Rev. J. Molitor, Very 
Rev. Prokop Neuzil, 0. S. B., was appointed 
administrator of the parish, and a few months 
later the Benedictine Fathers were given 
charge of the parish, and Rev. Anasthasius 
Rebec, 0. S. B., was appointed pastor. 

Rev. Anasthasius Rebec, 0. S. B., who is 
pastor to this day, worked for the good of the 
parish with the same zeal, energy and succe.ss 
that he worked in the other parishes of the 
city. He noticed that the many Poles who 
moved into the neighborhood had no church 
of their own, nor a priest to attend to their 
spiritual wants. In 1907 he called Rev. B. 
Torka, 0. S. F., to conduct a mission in Polish, 
and Very Rev. B.. Torka Neuzil, O. S. B., to 
conduct a mission in Bohemian. From that 
time on, the Poles attended the services in 
the church regularly and were inscribed as 
parishioners. After a few years all the parish 



debt was paid and many improvements made 
on the church property. 

In 1913 the parish celebrated its golden 
jubilee. In 1916 a new brick rectory was built 
and paid for, on Taylor and Desplaines 
Streets, at the cost of $12,000. 

Rev. Anasthasius Rebec, O. S. B., the pres- 
ent pastor, was born October 7, 1866, in Rou- 
pov, Bohemia. He completed his college 
course in Klatov, and afterwards came to 
Beatty, Pennsylvania, where he joined the 
Benedictines and completed his theological 
studies. He was ordained December 19, 1891, 
by Archbishop P. A. Feehan. After his or- 
dination he was successively professor at St. 
Proeopius College, then assistant in St. Proco- 
pius parish, pastor of Our Lady of Lourdes 
parish, St. Vitus parish, from where he was 
appointed to St. Weneeslaus parish. 

Remarkable is the record of Mr. John 
Geringer, who was organist for 49 years. He 
was born 1853 in Breznice, Bohemia. After 
graduating from the teachers' college he came 
to America in 1871. In 1871 he became 
teacher and organist in St. Weneeslaus parish. 
Later on he devoted all his time to music, 
and now is shareholder in Geringer and Stor- 
kan Bank, and still directs the parish choir. 

SS. Peter and Paul— Pilot, 1863 

The pioneer settlers of SS. Peter and Paul 
immigrated in the 1850 's and later, mostly 
from Alsace, a few from Bavaria, and a few 
others from the western part of Germany. 
In early days they attended divine service in 
Bourbonnais, Kankakee and some in Wil- 
mington, all distant more than ten miles. 
In either 1862 or 1863 a small church was 
built at Lehigh, eight miles west of Kankakee. 
The congregation consisted of members of 
T.Vench Canadian descent, just coming from 
Canada or from Bourbonnais, where they had 
.settled a few years previous, and of Irish and 
German descent. In 1869 the German ele- 
ment organized itself into a separate congre- 
gation, and built part of the present SS. Peter 
and Paul church, (26 by 48 by 14 feet). The 
small con^'regation of about twenty families 
was attended once a month by the Rev. Bruno 
Rie.ss, 0. S. B., from Chicago, making his 
regular stopping place at Kankakee, and by 
Rev. William Kuchenbuch from Chebanse, 
who dedicated the church October 4, 1869. 

Previous to the organization of the new 
parish the pioneer German settlers attended 
service at Lehigh as mentioned above, but 



■oo- 



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I Oun Lady of Mt. Carmel Church. MEinosE Park, III. 1694 | 





Rev. \J. Sobiesv.c-z.yk 




Very Rev. V. Bsrxynshi 



St. Hyacinth's Church, Chicago, III. 1694 



1 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred fifty-nine 



duriiifj about two 3'ears previous to the build- 
ing of SS. Peter and Paul ehnrch Mass was 
also occasionally said in private homes by the 
Rev. Hahn, C. SS. R., Rev. Michael and 
Charles Rosenbauer, C. SS. R. of Chicago. 
In the early 1870 's SS. Peter and Paul was 
made a dependent of St. Mary's, Kankakee, 
twelve miles distant. 

Following are the pastors who attended the 
out-mission once a month : Rev. Gelasius 
Kuba, 1874-1876, first resident pastor of St. 
Mary's, he came from Bohemia; Rev. Frank 
Allgayer^ 1876-1877; Rev. Clemens Duerr, 
1877-1882; Rev. T. H. Kruell, 1882, was not 
regularly appointed; Rev. H. Bangen, 1883; 
Rev. H.Mehring, 1883-1884; Rev. Paul Halb- 
maier, 1884-1887; Rev. T. Beinecke, 1887- 
1891 ; Rev. A. Evers, 1891-1895 ; Rev. Francis 
Sixt, 1895-1899 ; Rev. J. Meyer, 1899. 

In the 1890 's Mass was said every two 
weeks. Under the administration of Rev. C. 
Duerr a sanctuary, (16 by 18 feet), was built, 
and in 1897 the seating capacity of the church 
was enlarged by Rev. F. Sixt. In 1884 a par- 
sonage and a school were built by Father 
Mebring. The parsonage, never having served 
its purpose, was disposed of in 1907. 

In pioneer days settlers had provided re- 
ligious instruction for their children in pri- 
vate homes by some one of the parish who had 
been appointed for that purpose. Later regu- 
lar teachers had been engaged. As previously 
stated Father Meyer was given charge of the 
German settlement in 1899. He built a sac- 
risty in 1900 and made all other needed im- 
provements. 

The cemetery (one acre) was donated by 
one of the early settlers, Peter Geiger, about 
1869. The present congregation consists of 
about forty families. The parish has no in- 
debtedness. 

Notre Dame — Chicago, 1864 

I Notre Dame, French parish, dates back to 

1864. The church was then located at Hal- 

sted and Congress Streets. The organization 

of the parish was due entirely to the untiring 

zeal and indefatigable efforts of Bishop Dug- 

gan. This worthy prelate assigned as pastor 

the Rev. James Code. The Reverend A. L. 

Bergeron received the charge of the church 

in 1884. The same year, a new location was 

/secured and the present church was begun, at 

I Sibley Street and Vernon Park Place, which 

i_has been changed since to Oregon Avenue. 

Within the next few years the rectory and 



school were built. The church is a stone and 
brick structure in the Romanesque style, and 
is 125 feet long by 100 feet wide. The main 
body of the church is nearly circular in form, 
and is crowned with a majestic dome, 72 feet 
high, that supports a statue of Our Lady. The 
interior decoration was completed and the 
solemn dedication of the temple was made 
May 1, 1892, by the Most Reverend Arch- 
bishop Feehan. 

At the request of Most Reverend Arch- 
bishop Mundelein, 1). D., the Fathers of the 
Blessed Sacrament accepted the charge of the 
parish in 1918. The Reverend Fernando 
Gaudet, S. S. S., assumed his duties as pastor 
in May of the same year. He is assisted by 
six others, fathers of the same order, whose 
mother house is in Rome, Italy. These re- 
ligious have now established in Notre Dame 
a center of Eucharistic devotion. The Blessed 
Sacrament is exposed in the church every day, 
from 5 a. m. till 9 p. m., Benediction being 
given daily at 4 and 8 :30 p. m. In October, 
1918, was organized the Guard of Honor of 
the Blessed Sacrament, a body of faithful de- 
stined to keep a constant service of adoration 
during the hours of exposition. The associa- 
tion numbers presently 3,500 adorers, making 
a daily average of 125 hours of adoration. A 
solemn reception of new members takes place 
the third Sunday of every month, on which 
occasion the Blessed Sacrament is carried in 
procession. 

The Association of the Eucharistic Weeks 
has for its main object to supply by means of 
an annual offering the lights and flowers 
necessary to the solemn worship of the Per- 
petual Exposition of Our Eucharistic King. 
The dead as well as the living may be enrolled 
in this association. 

The other societies established at Notre 
Dame are : The Sodality of the Blessed Vir- 
gin, for men ; St. Ann's Sodality, for married 
ladies ; the Children of Mary ; the French So- 
ciety " L " Union ; St. Jean Baptiste d 'Amer- 
i(iue, Conseils Nos. 28 et 117, and the Cath- 
olic Order of Foresters. 

The church supports a school conducted 
since 1882 by the Sisters of the Congregation 
Notre Dame of Montreal. Nearly four hun- 
dred children are now in attendance. 

St. Mary's (de Annuntiatione) 
Fremont Center, 1864 

This parish (German-English) is located 
15 miles west of Waukegan, Lake County, 
Illinois. The original records of St. Mary's 



f 



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St. Stanislaus' 'CHuncH, Posen, III. 1894 




I Sached Heart Church, QoooniCH, III. 1<595 | 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred sixty-one 



concerning baptisms, iniirria'i;es and funerals, 
etc., will be found at Buffalo Grove and Mc- 
Henry. This parish is first mentioned in the 
Catholic Directory for the year 1864, attended 
from McHenry. 

In the years 1S6S and 1869 St. Mary's 
Mission was attended by Rev. P. Corbinian, 
0. S. B., and Rev. P. Suitbert, O. S. B., from 
St. .Joseph's parish, Chicago. From 1870 to 
December, 1888, Fremont Center was in 
charge of Rev. W. Goebbels, pastor of Buffalo 
Grove. Members of the church-committee 
were, amongst others: Jolin Tekampe, John 
Bauer (1872), John Deinlein, George Wag- 
ner (1873), Adam Behm, George Hertel 
(1880), George Hertel, John Denlein, Jr., and 
Jacob Frederick (1881). On December 1, 
1888, Rev. Emerich Weber, who was appointed 
fir.st resident pastor, was instrumental in hav- 
ing the old church building moved two miles 
farther north, more in the center of the par- 
ish, which building was remodeled into a 
school. Under Father Weber the present 
Church building (frame) was finished in the 
year 1889. His successor was Rev. Joseph 
Rhode, who acted as pastor from November 
11, 1889 to October, 1901. Father Rhode 
built the parsonage, sisters' house and barn, 
and finally succeeded in procuring sisters 
from St. Francis, Wisconsin. Father Rhode 
was succeeded by Rev. George G. Thiele, who 
was stationed here from October, 1901 to Sep- 
tember, 1907. Rev. A. H. Leising succeeded 
him as pastor from September, 1907 to Oc- 
tober, 1910. After him came Rev. F. J. 
Schildgen, from October, 1910, to August 20, 
1912. Father Baj', the present pastor, suc- 
ceeded Father Schildgen in 1912. Father 
Bay has been most successful in the manage- 
ment of the parish. Debts have been paid, 
numerous improvements made, and now there 
is almost completed a parish school, which is 
a model of its kind. The school will be opened 
as soon as sisters can be obtained. 

St. Boniface — Chicago, 1864 

St. Boniface parish was founded in the 
year 1864, and the first mass was celebrated 
in a little frame structure, March 5, 1865. 

The pastor of St. Joseph's church, then at 
Cass and Superior Streets, had already built 
a .school three years before, and in 1867 it 
was intrusted to the care of the Franciscan 
Sisters of Joliet. who have had charge of it 
' ever since, more than a half -century. 

The first pastor of St. Boniface was Rev. 
Philip Albrecht, who remained only two 



years. He was succeeded by Rev. J. Marshall, 
who also resigned after two years of pioneer 

work. 

In the .vear 1869, Rev. Clement Venn was 
intrusted with the care of the parish, and re- 
mained its pastor for almost 27 years. He 
was a scion of a wealthy Catholic family, 
many of whose members became prominent ia 
history, and who, especially at the time fol- 
lowing the Reformation, rendered distin- 
guished servi(!e to the Church. In accordance 
with tlie traditions of his family he had re- 
ceived a liberal education in tho universities 
of Europe, and his arrival in the ranks of the 
■ Chicago clergy meant an important acquisi- 
tion of culture and learning. 

During the twenty years of his pastorate 
St. Boniface became the largest German par- 
ish in the cit3'. In spite of the fact that he 
was no "money-getter," and that in his house- 
visits the poor received almost as much as the 
well-to-do gave, he built up the parish prop- 
erty, and at his resignation in 189,5 left over 
$20,000 in the treasury. Father Venn spent 
the remaining years of his life abroad, but he 
never ceased to love the parish for which he 
had given the best years of his life. This is 
attested by his frequent visits, and his legacy 
of $4,000. He died abroad, November 13, 
1911. At his request his remains were brought 
to St. Boniface, the parish he loved so well, 
and interred at St. Boniface cemetery, which 
he had founded. The man chosen for his suc- 
cessor by Father Venn himself was one of his 
former assistants. Rev. Albert Evers. 

The Church in Chicago was just emerging 
from its period of storm and stress. The pov- 
erty and want of our forefathers who had 
chosen this land as a home for themselves and 
their children was yielding to prosperity and 
wealth. Imbued with an abiding love for our 
holy Faith, they shrank from no sacrifice in ' 
erecting schools and churches, where their 
children could learn the doctrines of salvation, 
and where they themselves might practice 
their religion. They often longed for the 
noble churches they had left in the land of 
their birth, and looked forward to the day 
when they might reproduce them in the land 
of their adoption. 

The time for building beautiful and per- 
manent churches had arrived in Chicago. 

Father Evers had the soul and the taste 
of an artist. His natural talent and love for 
the beautiful had been cultivated by extensive 
studies both here and abroad. With his ar- 
tistic temperament he combined an indomit- 






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Kcv. S. Kowdlski 




T^pu. T.Sm^k 




I St. Mahy of Czestochowa Church, Cicero. III. IQQS | 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred sixty-three 



able energy and rare business acumen. Fath- 
/er Venn had chosen a man eminently fitted for 
the time and the place. 

In 1896, a year after assuming the pas- 
torate, Father Evers erected St. Boniface 
school, an edifice so practical and beautiful 
that it compares more than favorably with 
those constructed^ even in our own day. In 
1901 he had paid for the costly structure, and 
in 1902 the cornerstone was laid for our 
church. 

When we gaze at the exterior of this 
church, a photograph of which is given in this 
volume, we can partly understand the pride 
which parishioners, old and new, exhibit when 
they speak of it as "Our Chiirch." While it 
may not be as large as some of the churches 
built since then, there are few if any that can 
comf>are with it in beautj^ and dignity. 

It is only, however, when we see and in 
course of time become more and more ac- 
quainted with the interior that we appreciate 
its irresistible charm, and the hold it has 
maintained on the hearts of all who ever wor- 
shiped there. While even a casual visitor is 
immediately impressed with its perfect pro- 
portions, its glorious vaulting, and the delicate 
'tracery of its lines, it requires many observ- 
ing visits before we realize its complete beauty. 

But not only is the church beautiful in its 
architectural structure, it is truly wonderful 
in its furnishings. 

The solid oak pulpit giving a peculiar im- 
pression of strength, the oak communion rail- 
ing with its ever varying pillars, the solid 
oaken pews beautiful in their simplicity, and 
representing a fortune in our days, the con- 
fessionals marvelously rich in their wealth of 
symbolic carving, and the oaken statues of the 
saints are all objects of art, repaying many 
hours of study. 

Two of the statues deserve special notice: 
"Our Lady of Sorrows" and the "Mission 
Cross" in the middle of the church to the 
, right and left respectively as we enter. Stu- 
dents and artists who have studied the 
churches and galleries of Europe are amazed 
to find such work in America. 

The Stations of the Cross are originals, 
painted on copper by the now famous Feuert- 
stein himself. There are numberless copies 
of them in the churches of the world, and a 
few in Chicago. 

The organ is perhaps the best pipe organ 
in the city; it is a gift of Andrew Carnegie, 
and cost ten thousand dollars. 



There are ten stained glass windows in the 
the -sanctuary : The Sacred Heart of Jesus 
and the Heart of Mary above the altar; the 
four Evi-aigelists, and the four Doctors of the 
Church in the other panels of the semi-hexa- 
gon. To the south, over the organ, is a rose 
window of St. Cecilia, to the west a ro.se win- 
dow with the insignia of the priesthood, and 
below it six panels representing the Last Sup- 
per. This window was given to Father Evers 
by his loving friends at the occasion of his 
silver anniversary. To the east is a rose win- 
dow with six panels representing St. Boniface. 
It is the gift of Mrs. Mary Welch, a member 
of the parish since its inception, in memory 
of her mother, Mrs. Julian Schueler, a founder 
of the parish. 

In this noble structure vre find everywhere 
the heart of the artist, the burning zeal of the 
priest for the honor and glory of God. "I 
have loved, O Lord, the beauty of Thy house 
and the place where Thy glory dwelleth," was 
the inspiration and the motto, which made 
Father Evers forgetful of his bodily frailty 
and heedless of the warnings of disease. His 
heart is buried in his church. In July, 1916, 
only when death was staring him in the face, 
and when he had practically finished his work, 
could he be induced to relax his activities a 
little and spare his health and life. At pres- 
ent he is in the sanitarium in Colorado 
Springs, ever gratefully remembered by his 
little flock, whose faithful pastor and inspir- 
ation he has been. 

But the beauty of St. Boniface church is 
not the only or even the main reason for the 
love which Bonifaeians have for their church. 
The reason lies much deeper. A list of the 
German Catholics who have attained prom- 
inence in the social, political and commercial 
life of our city and the State of Illinois sounds 
like the roster of St. Boniface. Almost all the j 
German Catholic families of Chicago have at j 
one time or other worshiped there. There 
their parents, grandparent.s and great grand- 
parents were baptized, made their first Holy \ 
Communion, and were married ; and from \ 
there also the vast majority were carried to 
their last resting place. It is this fond asso- 
ciation with the great past that has made St. 
Boniface so dear to all the German Catholics 
of Chicago. 

But at the very bottom of the universal 
love for St. Boniface there is still another 
reason. It is a shrine to which pilgrims come 
from every part of our great city. Those 
who are in distress and want seem to find con- 



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J?eu M. Koteckl 



\ 



I SS. Peter and Paul Church, Chicago, III. IQQS, | 



ttvjnmirr 




Xeit WFabfr 



Holy Ghost Church, Chicago. III. 1696 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred sixty- five 



solation and an answer to their prayers more 
readily there ; they come from so far, they 
say, because they always feel like praying in 
St. Bonifaee. Perhaps it is because the 
church where so many pewerations have 
prayed is so redolent with prayer, perhaps it 
is because they are in good and powerful 
company. For the church is a veritable treas- 
use house of the relies of the saints accumu- 
lated there through her long history. 

Among the most precious relics in the pos- 
session of the chureh arc the following : 

A particle of the true Cross, which is ven- 
erated on Good Friday, the 3d of May, and 
the 14th of September. 

A relic from the skull of St. Ann, from 
the miraculous shrine at Dueren. In the 
middle ages bloody battles were fought for its 
possession. From the 18th to the 26th of 
July, the feast of St. Ann, a novena, is held 
in her honor during which this precious relic 
is venerated. 

There are also relies of St. Rita, St. Fran- 
cis Assisi, St. Boniface, St. Clara, St. Theo- 
dore, St. Ursula, Blessed Herman Joseph and 
many others which are venerated on the re- 
spective feasts. 

About twenty-five priests and fifty nuns 
of our diocese claim St. Boniface as their na- 
tive parish. 

Besides the priests already mentioned the 
following, some of them living, some of them 
dead, have worked in the parish as assistants : 
Fathers Bangen, Westharp, Rempe, Schaeffer, 
Dickmann, Biermann, Wolfgarten, Meyer, 
Rempe, Faber, Linden, Hauser, Linden, Nix, 
Reuland, Jackl, Berger, Hageman, Hermes, 
Steines, Bergs, Adams and Liebreich. 

July S, 1916, the present pastor, C. A. 
Rempe, and his assistant, F. X. Harnisch- 
macher, were appointed to St. Boniface. Oc- 
tober 9, 1919, J. P. Rondzik was appointed as 
assistant. 

St. Thomas the Apostle 
Hyde Park, 1865 

The historj' of St. Thomas the Apostle 
parish begins in 1865, when the scattered 
Catholic residents of Hyde Park and west- 
ward were gathered into a mission by Father 
Thoma-s Kelly, pastor of St. James parish, 
which at that time included all the district 
lying southward through Hyde Park town- 
ship. Father Kelly built the first St. Thomas 
church at Hyde Park Station .shortly after 
organizing the mission. In 1868 Reverend 



P. T. Butler was appointed pastor, and he 
was followed by Reverend Thomas Kennedy, 
and he in turn by Reverend P. M. Flannigan. 
The Rev. D. J. fighe succeeded Father Flan- 
nigan. The growth of this part of the city 
received a decided impetus beginning in the 
early eighties, and in 1887 Reverend J. J. 
Carroll, then pastor, began work on the pres- 
ent St. Thomas the Apostle church at Fifty- 
fifth Street and Kimbark Avenue. The 
church was dedicated with elaborate cere- 
monies by Archbishop Feehan on December 
14, 1890. Reverend Father Carroll contin- 
ued as pastor until July, 1916, when he was 
succeeded by the present pastor, Reverend 
T. V. Shannon. 

The present territorial limits of the parish 
are from Fifty-first Street on the north to 
Sixty-first Street on the south, and from Cot- 
tage Grove Avenue on the West to Lake Mich- 
igan. Within this territory are approxi- 
mately eight hundred Catholic families. Fath- 
er Shannon is assisted by the Rev. C. F. Don- 
ovan, Rev. A. L. Girard, Rev. W. J. O'Brien 
and Rev. M. Cummings. 

Father Carroll in 1891 brought the Do- 
minican Sisters fror* Sinsinawa to open a 
school. Until 1916, the school was housed in 
the old church. The structure was inade- 
quate, and the Ray school, which had been 
vacated by the Board of Education, was leased 
for a parochial school. The number of pupils 
doabled the first year. At present there are 
five hundred and thirty children in the school. 
The curriculum provides for children trom 
kindergarten through high school. A pro- 
fessional commercial school has been added. 
There are twenty Dominican Sisters teaching. 
The parish is completely organized into one 
society, subdivided into guilds, to carry out 
the various works of mercy and charity, and 
particularly the personal sanetification of each 
member. 

St. Anne's — Chicago, 1865 

It was- early in the sixties that religions 
services were first held within the confines of 
what is now St. Anne's parish. For some 
time Mass was said on Sunday in the home of 
the late Mr. Fagan on State Street. 

In the beginning St. Anne's was an out- 
mission of St. James church, then located at 
Prairie Avenue and Twenty-seventh Street. 
Father J. M. Kelly was pastor of St. James' 
church when the mission of St. Anne's was 
established. He was succeeded in that pastor- 
ate by Very Rev. P. J. Conway, late vicar- 



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y^e^: Andre^A/ Croke 




■.*i»v'i:j?!lM«W.' -^ 




Rev.xJASavA^e 



St. Andrew's Church, Chicago, III. 1696 



Diamond Jubilee 

general. In July, 1869, tlie territory south 
of Thirty-eighth Street was cut off from St. 
James parish and formed into the parish of 
St. Thomas, Hyde Park, the mi.ssion of St. 
Anne being attaoiied thereto. Rev. P. T. But- 
ler, late pastor of Immaculate Conception 
church, Chicago, was appointed first pastor of 
r St. Thomas church, Hyde Park. His suc- 
\ cessor. Father Bowles, establislied the first 
• church on the present site of St. Anne's 
church in August, 1869. The building re- 
ferred to was a small frame structure prev- 
(iously used as a Jewish synagogue at Adams 
and Wells Streets, purchased by Father 
Bowles and moved to Fifty-fifth Street and 
Wentworth Avenue, and this structure occu- 
\pied the exact site of the present St. Anne's 
college of music, formerly St. Anne's rectory. 
Late in the fall of the year 1869, Rev. Thomas 
Leyden succeeded Father Bowles. For some 
time thereafter he continued to minister to the 
parish of St. Thomas and the mission of St. 
Anne's. This double labor was brought to 
an end by the increase in Catholic residents 
and tlje destruction of the mission church of 
St. Anne's, May 16, 1871. Shortly after this 
latter event St. Anne's was cut off from St. 
\^ Thomas and made a separate parish. 

The boundary lines of the new parish as 
learned from Father Lejden were north 
, Forty-seventh Street, east Cottage Grove Ave- 
nue, south Blue Island Avenue, west Brighton 
Park; a large and extensive area, but at that 
time scarcely settled and comprising few 
Catholics. Father Leyden was the first resi- 
dent pastor of St. Anne's. Young, energetic, 
talented, the new pastor labored for eight 
years with great zeal and perseverance in or- 
ganizing his scattered flock and in building 
up religion among them. In 1875 the corner- 
stone of the present structure was laid by the 
Right Reverend Thomas Foley, D. D. Father 
Leyden 's pastorate of St. Anne's continued 
until the fall of 1877. 

Many of the older residents of the parish 
still remember Father Leyden, and recall the 
difficulties he had to face and the work which 
he accomplished under conditions which would 
have deterred a le.ss determined and zealous 
man. During his pastorate here Father Ley- 
den purchased a piece of land 200 by 200 
feet. He erected a frame church to replace 
the former .synagogue, which had been blown 
down, and built a residence considered line for 
those days. He also laid the foundation for 
the present St. Anne's church. These several 
improvements entailed an outlay of $45,000. 



Page three hundred sixty-seven 

Fatiier Leyden "s residence faced Garfield 
Boulevard. It was sold later by his successor, 
and may be seen to this day at 5937 La Salle 
street. The frame church of Father Leyden 's 
construction for many years served the people 
of St. Elizabeth's parish as a parochial hall. 
Father Leyden became pastor of St. Mary's 
cliurch of Freeport, Illinois. 

On November 1, 1877, Reverend P. M. 
Flannigan began his long pastorate of St. 
Anne's, a pastorate extending over almost 
thirty years, and attended with labors than 
which few have encountered greater, yet in 
the end liappily crowned with rare success. 
After two years of hard and persevering work 
Father Flannigan succeeded in erecting the 
present St. Anne's church. On July 11, 
1880, the church was dedicated by the then 
administrator of the Diocese of Chicago, Rt. 
Rev. John McMullen, D. D., later appointed 
Bishop of Davenport, Iowa. Rev. Daniel J. 
Riordan, a life-long friend of Father Flan- 
nigan, preached the dedication sermon. 
Through successive labors, parochial residence, 
Sisters' convent and school gradually came 
into being, and when Father Flannigan laid 
down the reins of the parish at the summons 
of the Great Administrator, he left behind 
him as a monument of zeal and untiring lab- 
ors, church property valued at a quarter of a 
million dollars, property which, all things 
considered, competent judges have long 
deemed the most desirable in all this great 
city. 

When Father Flannigan took up the work 
a-t St. Anne's, this section was practically a 
wilderness, only dotted here and there with 
cottages. Thirty years later when his kindly 
life went out. it had grown to be one of the 
most populous residential sections in the city. 
In this growth his had ever been the guiding 
hand. Father Flannigan was, indeed, a true 
priest of God ; beloved by his people, mourned 
by the city at large. He numbered his 
friends amongst all classes, irrespective of 
creed or nationality. His memory is en- 
slirined in the hearts of thousands who came 
within the range of his kindly influence, or 
were the beneficiaries of his boundless char- 
ities. He fills a unique niche in the temple 
of ecclesia-stical fame in this archdiocese. He 
accomplished great and enduring work— that 
he has won the eternal crown of glory — such 
is the pious conviction of all who knew this 
worthy priest of God. 

Rev. Edward A. Kelly, formerly pastor 
of St. Cecilia's church, was appointed by His 



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I St. Mary of the Angels Church, Chicago, III. 1697 | 




J2eu t'J. Hadirth 



I Sacred Heart Church. Huddard Woods, III. 1697 | 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred sixty-nine 



Grace, the Jlost Reverend Arehbishop James 
E. Quifjley, to the pastorate of St. Anne's on 
October 22, 1907. Nineteen parishes in whole 
or part have been formed from the orifjinal 
territory allotted to St. Anne's in 1871. Truly 
she has been styled the "Mother of Parishes" 
of the South Side. 

Any history of St. Anne's parish would in- 
deed be incomplete without at least a sketch 
of her great parochial school. Opened in 
1890, upwards of seven hundred pupils have 
gone out from her walls as graduates. Many 
of these are today filling important positions 
in life. St. Anne's school claims among her 
alumni priests and sisters, musicians and 
teachers, clerks and mechanics, all useful 
members of society and dutiful children of 
Holy Mother Church. 

St. Anne's school is in charge of the Sis- 
ters of Mercy, than whom there are no more 
efficient teachers of youth in the American 
Church today. The late Reverend Mother 
Mary Mercy had the direction of St. Anne's 
school jTom the beginning until called to her 
great reward in October, 1912. Her name 
has become a household word in every home 
in the parish. The school now has an enroll- 
ment of one thoiisand. 

The following priests have labored at dif- 
ferent times as assistant pastors of St. Anne's : 
Fathers Hemlock, Gallagher, Hennessey, 
Walsh, Pickham, Reynolds, Crimmins, O'Shea, 
Purcell, Kearney, Tuohy, Reilly and McNally. 

Rev. Edward Kelly, the present pastor of 
St. Anne's, is too well known, not alone to 
the people of that parish, but of Chicago gen- 
erally, to need any extended notice. Father 
Kelly was the first pastor and founder of St. 
Cecilia's parish, which was founded in 1885. 
The parish started with one hundred and fiftj' 
families. 

He saw it grow, and the congregation 
prosper iinder his wise and zealous adminis- 
tration, until today it is one of the most flour- 
ishing Catholic communities in Chicago, while 
the church is one of the finest sacred edifices 
in the diocese. 

Father Kelly was born in Chicago on the 
North Side, where his parents were among the 
pioneer settlers. Father Kelly was honored 
by His Holiness, the Pope, by appointment as 
monsignor. , 

The Immaculate Conception, 
B. V. M.— Kankakee, 1865 

The German parish of The Immaculate 
Conception, B. V. M., Kankakee, Illinois, was 



started as early as April 2, 1865, but not until 
llic year 187M was it canonieally erected under 
the Rt. Rev. Thomas Foley, Hishop of Chi- 
caA(i- placing the Rev. Bruno Riess, 0. S. B., 
in charge of the parish until September, 1874, 
when the first residing pastor, the Rev. Ge- 
lasius Kuba was appointed, holding office until 
August, 1876, when he was called to his re- 
ward. 

In November, 1876, the Rev. Francis All- 
gayer succeeded Father (i. Kuba, but his stay 
ended rather suddenly in September, 1877. 
The Rev. Clemens Duerr was then appointed 
to succeed him in October, 1877. The few 
years of Father Duerr 's stay at Kankakee 
were rather stormy, when he was removed in 
1882, and appointed pastor in Spring Grove, 
Illinois. 

The year 1882 leaves a dark page in the 
history of the Immaculate Conception par- 
ish. On January, 1883, the Rev. H. Bangen, 
at present pastor of the Annunciation parish, 
in Aurora, 111., took charge of the parish. 
In 1883, July 1, Rev. Henry Mehring, 
coming from the Diocese of St. Louis, was 
sent by Archbishop Feehan to take charge of 
the parish, until December, 1884, when he 
was removed to St. John's parish, Johnsburg, 
Illinois, laboring in that place for many years. 
In 1905 Father Mehring resigned from active 
work and took a chaplaincy in the St. Scholas- 
tica Academy at Rogers Park, where he died 
on the 25th of June, 1911. 

In December, 1884, Rev. Paul Halbmeier, 
then a very young priest, appeared on the 
scene as pastor of the Immaculate Concep- 
tion parisk, a position which he ably filled 
until December 1, 1887, when Father P. Halb- 
meier was transferred to Menominee, Illinois. 
In later years he was sent to St. Benedict's 
parish. Blue Island, Illinois, and upon his 
wish to be relieved from parish duties he was 
sent as chaplain to the Angel Guardian Or- 
phanage in Chicago. 

On December 1, 1887, the Rev. Paul Halb- 
meier was succeeded by the Rev. Joseph Bein- 
eke, an able and conscientious priest. During 
his stay of a few years, the parish, through his 
able management, progressed steadily until 
June. ;i891, when Father Beineke met with 
an accident, being struck by a railroad loco- 
motive, which caused his death. 

In July, 1891 Rev. Albert Evers, up to 
that time assistant at St. Nicholas church, 
Aurora. 111., took charge of the parish. Dur- 
ing his time the parish purchased Jit. Cal- 
vary cemetery, the largest Catholic cemetery 



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I Oup Lady op Perpetual Help, Church, Chicago. 1698 I 



i 




Diamond Jubilee 

in Kankakee. Father Evers was also about 
to launch the work in the building of the 
present beautiful Gothic stone church, but 
this was not accomplished until the parish 
was intrusted to Rev. F. X. Sixt, Rev. A. 
Evers being transferred in 1895 to St. Boni- 
face parish in Chicago, a charge which he 
held until the year 1916. 

The Rev. Francis X. 8i.\t, coming from 
Lemont, 111., was assigned to the pastorate 
of the Immaculate Conception parish on Aug. 
1, 1895. Dec. 8, 1900, on the feast of the 
Immaculate Conception, the patron of the 
church, the frame church was destroyed by 
fire, which necessitated Father Sixt to build 
the present Gothic stone church with a seating 
capacity of about 400. In the year 1902 the 
church was dedicated by the Rt. Rev. P. J. 
Muldoon, at that time administrator of the 
diocese. The following year in Nov., 1903, 
Father Sixt left the parish in charge of Rev. 
C. A. Danz, he in turn taking St. Mathias 
parish in Chicago, where he labored for 
seven j^ears, when on Oct. 4, 1910, he died 
while visiting in Europe. 

The Rev. C. A. Danz took charge of the 
parish on the 21st of Nov., 1903, finding a 
small debt of about $5,000 on the parish, 
which he cleared within a short time, giving 
him the best of opportunity to make im- 
provements both in the church and parish 
house. On June 18, 1917, on account of 
sickness, Father Danz resigned as pastor of 
the Immaculate Conception parish, and took 
a chaplaincy in St. Ann's Home in Technj', 
111., where he died on Oct. 18, 1919. At the 
present time the Rev. A. F. Korthals is in 
charge of the parish, appointed on June 21, 
1917, being transferred from St. Nicholas 
parish, Evanston, 111. 

The Sacred Heart (Jesuit) 
Chicago, 1865 

So extensive was the territory of the Holy 
Family (Jesuit) parish and so greatly popu- 
lous, that the pastors had to look early and 
eagerly for another edifice of divine worship 
and for more ample space to carry on the 
projects of parochial education. So was it 
that, in March, 1865, Father Arnold Damen, 
the celebrated Jesuit preacher, upreared a 
frame school building, 40x60 ft., fronting on 
/ Evans, now Eighteenth Street. The ground on 
I which this structure was planted was the 
gift of a sometime student of St. Louis Uni- 
versity, Mr. John Welsh. The Misses Don- 
nelly, Ghent, and Maguire directed and in- 



Page three hundred seventy-one 

structed the children on the upward avenues 
of knowledge and virtue. From the hands 
of these ladies the fortunes of the school 
passed into the care of the Sisters of Charity, 
B. V. M., on August 19, 1867. With such 
rapidity did the demands for space increase, 
that in November, 1868, the original school 
building was enlarged by an addition, 50x40 
ft. On the Feast of the Circumcision of Our 
Lord, in the year of the grace of Christ, 1869, 
it was the happiness of Father Damen to 
stand at the new altar of God and celebrate 
the sacred mysteries of the Mass offered now 
to the Most High Ch-eator for the first time 
beneath that humble but holy roof. On every 
subsequent Sunday, until 1870, the sweetness 
of the sacrifice rose there like fragrant in- 
cense before the throne of Our Father in 
heaven. Taxed greatly for room, the entire 
building was elevated twelve feet in 1870, and 
permitted classrooms to engross the whole 
space beneath its length and breadth. The 
upper story, now devoted to divine service ex- 
clusively, saw Fathers Oakley and Van der 
Heyden each performing the Sacred Sacrifice 
of the Altar on every Sunday in 1871. In 
1872 four Masses were celebrated on Sun- 
days, afternoon services were inaugurated and 
the regenerating waters of baptism began to 
flow. Fathers Oakley and Setters had charge 
of the religious services and administered the 
sacraments. In June, 1872, a frame resi- 
dence for the pastors was erected, adjoining 
the school. Fathers Niederkorn, Van Agt, 
and Schultz resided there. In 1872 the Sac- 
red Heart parish was separated from the Holy 
Family parish and given a territory and 
boundaries of its own. The wooden church 
was named for St. Stanislaus. The corner- 
stone of a brick church, the present Sacred 
Heart church, at 19th and So. Peoria Streets, 
was laid on June 22, 1873, by Rt. Rev. Bis- 
hop Foley. In July, 1873, Father Michael 
Corbett was designated pastor. Fathers Oak- 
ley and Van Agt were the assistant pastors. 
In September, 1873, Fatlier Corbett fitted up 
the crypt of the new brick church for relig- 
ious worship. In October the pastors moved 
to a frame house fronting on Peoria Street 
and adjoining th^ church. On December 3, 
the sisters in charge of the parish school 
took up their residence in the parish, occupy- 
ing the former home of the pastors. In June 
1874, the present brick residence of the pas- 
tors was completed and occupied by them. 
The sisters then moved into the house va- 
cated by the pastors and which adjoined the 






■^O-O" 



:Ov* 




St. Michael's CHuncH, Chicago, III. 1S98 






;1 




Rev P Zakrajsek O.fTM. 



>T. Stephen's Church, Chicago, III. 1696 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred seventy-three 



church and fronted on Peoria Street. In 
1875 they moved to twe houses edjoining each 
other on 18th Street, facinf^ Newberry Ave- 
nue, where they remained, until a new resi- 
dence, their present home, under construction 
for them was finished in 1883. The Sacred 
Heart church was completed September 19, 
1875, and solemnly dedicated by Rt. Rev. 
Thomas Foley, D. D. The Rt. Rev. John 
Hennessy, D. D., of Dubuque, delivered the 
dedication sermon. A fruitful mission had 
been preached in the crypt in December, 1873, 
by Father Damen. A renewal mission was 
given in 1876, by Father Weninger, S. J. 
Eight sodalities were organized under the 
title of the Immaculate Conception, B. V. M. 
Associations of Temperance and St. Vincent 
de Paul gradually followed, as did the League 
of the Sacred Heart, Bona Mors, Sunday 
School Association, the Rosary Confraternity 
with the Portiuncula privileges established in 
1889 by Father General of the Dominican 
Order. 

Each of the 24 church windows bears its 
donor's name. The B. V. M. altar was the 
gift of Mr. J. W. Garvy; St. Joseph's altar 
was donated by the Shay family. The organ 
is admired even by experts as a fine instru- 
ment, under the artistic touch of Mrs. Bessie 
Devlin McNeil, organist, its voicing is superb- 
ly pure and agreeable. Its action is by wa- 
ter power. In June, 1897, the paid choir was 
dispensed with. Mrs. McNeil, ever a favorite 
with the parishioners, has, thanks to her win- 
ing personality, achieved great success 
in drawing volunteer voices and choice 
talent into the service of the choir. The sing- 
ing at early Sunday Masses is by young peo- 
ple, mostly pupils of the parish school. At 
the children's Mass and at Vespers the chil- 
dren, trained by the Sisters, sing in concert. 
The anthems in Latin and English, the psalms 
in Latin, are sung by the children with perfect 
enunciation, while the flute-like notes swell- 
ing from the youthful throng at these services 
are calculated to excite emotions of awe and 
admiration even in hearts otherwise insensi- 
ble to religious influences. 

The silver jubilee of the church was cele- 
brated October 14, 1900. It was preceded by 
a bazaar, netting a good sum, which helped 
toward the renovation and decoration of the 
church. Brother Louis, S. J., directed the 
Rusca Co. in the execution of this work. 

In 1905 the streets in this entire district 
were still primitive, unimproved roads. With 
the approval of property owners the city now 



paved all these streets and laid sidewalks giv- 
ing a most presentable and up-to-date aspect 
to the parish. , 

A fair estimate of the Sa^ired Heart par- 
ochial school can be gathered from the "Of- 
ficial Report of the Catholic Educational Ex- 
hibit at the World Columbian Exposition, 
1893": 

The Sacred Heart parochial school, front- 
ing on West 18th Street, is a handsome four- 
story brick structure 50x100 feet. The de- 
partments, male and female, are separated by 
spacious corridors ninning north and south, 
bisecting the three upper floors. These divi- 
sions are in turn trisected, thus making in 
each department nine large rooms. The ground 
floor is used for concert purposes to which 
it is well adapted and is called St. Stanislaus 
Hall, the former name of the whole school. 
The school is graded in grammar, high school 
and commercial departments, with an average 
attendance of 975 pupils. The wonderful 
community of the Sisters of Charity, B. V. 
M., possessed from the beginning a special 
fitness and aptitude for the task of parochial 
school work, into which they entered with 
intense enthusiasm. Their high standard in 
system, method or results in secular as well 
as religious training has been reached only 
by the faithful and painstaking efforts and 
lab.ors as well as superior capacity of the de- 
voted Sisters. With such efiicient teachers it 
is not surprising that the Sacred Heart par- 
ochial school did honor to its directors in the 
great educational exhibit. The female de- 
partment displayed its excellent grade work 
ia eleven volumes. It was a pleasure to turn 
the leaves of these books, to note the count- 
less, commendable features that spoke so well 
for the metliods of its teachers and the co- 
operation of the pupils. The academic de- 
partment of girls contributed three volumes 
of grade work, one of music and one of maps. 
The framed pieces from the girls' school 
were maps of the grand divisions, the hem- 
ispheres by the seniors, juvenile pen sketches 
by the juniors and juvenile pen sketches by 
the minims and work in colors by the juniors. 
The male department presented their grade 
work in eight volumes of grammar school 
studies and two volumes of the academic 
branches. The framed work from the boys ' 
classes was similar in kind and subject to 
that from the girl's department. A basket 
of clay modeling, principally of fruit, wjis the 
work of the minims and reflected great credit 



+ ^ 



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Presentation Church, Chicago, III. 1S9<5 




9 



SAf>-tw^t^AniA INCORQNATA CHURCH. CHICAGO, ILL. 1<59j9'\ J-> 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred seventy-five 



upon the wee ones, even if modeling be a 
"fad." 

Amonn; the many spiritual fruits credited 
to the school may be mentioned the vocations 
to the service of God. Eleven parishioners 
entered the priesthood, si.xty female pupils 
joined the Sisters of Charity, B. V. M., and 
seven girls other religious orders. 

In the year 1905 the flourishing condition 
of the parish began to wane. Factories and 
manufacturing plants of every description 
[ were gradually establishing themselves in the 
district, with the usual result of depreciating 
the property for dwelling purposes. Many 
of our people gave way under the pressure 
I of these encroachments and moved to other 
1 parts. This had its usual bad effect on the 
I parish. Despite the constant work of the 
' pastors, the people lost interest ; slowly but 
• surely the parish seemed to be going to decay ; 
the number of our school children dropped 
1 from year to year, until in 1915 it liovered 
/ around the three hundred mark. No im- 
provements were made in the parish prop- 
erty, as it seemed the parish had run its life 
course. In 1915 new vigor was injected into 
the parish by the establishment of the Holy 
Name Society. This brought back the old 
spirit by promoting parish pleasures and en- 
tertainment. The Big Brother's club was 
formed, whose first work was the establish- 
ment of a club room and gymnasium at a 
cost of sixteen thousand dollars. It has 
proved the resurrection of the parish. The 
people took a new interest in everj'thing. 
■ New heating- plants were established in all 
( the parish buildings and. in July, 1919, the 
\ electric lights were installed in church, school 
and convent. The congregation is now work- 
ing for the frescoing of the church and the 
painting and improving of all the parish 
buildings that the parish once dead and come 
to life again, may fitly celebrate its golden 
jubilee in the j-ear 1922. 

The parish is at present governed by Rev. 
Joseph B. Murphy, S. J., rector; Rev. Jo- 
seph Rielag, S. J., Rev. Philip C. Dunne, S. 
J., and Rev. Edward P. Anderson, S. J., as- 
sistants. 

Superiors of Sacred Heart parish school : 
Sister Mary Veronica, 1873- '84; Sister Mary 
Philip, 1884- '87; Sister Mary Cortona, 1887- 
'91; Sister Mary Seraphina, 1891- '94; Sister 
Mary Clementina, 1894- '95; Sister Mary 
Ameliana, 1895- '97; Sister Mary Seraphina, 
1897- '99; Sister Mary Cyprian, 1899- '1902; 
Sister Mary Tharsilla, 1902-1904 ; Sister Mary 



Isidora, 1904-1905 ; Sister Mary Madeline, 
1905-1911; Sister Mary Puk-heria, 1911-1914; 
Sister Mary Denis, 1914-1915 ; Sister Mary 
Placeritia, 1915-1919 ; Sister Mary of Agrida, 
1919 to the present time. 

Superiors and pastors of Sacred Heart 
church : 

1873- '80, Father Michael Corbett; 1880- 
'84, Father Arnold Damen ; 1884- '88, Father 
Henry C. Bronsgeest; 1888- '95, Father .Mich- 
el Corbett; 1895- '98, Father James A. Dowl- 
ing; 1898- '99, Father Roman Shaffel ; 1899- 
1904, Father Peter A. Krier; 1904-1909, 
Father James D. Foley; 1909-1914, Father 
James F. X. Hoeffer; 1914-1915, Father John 
P. Foley ; 1915-1916, Father Thomas B. Finn ; 
1916-1918, Father Martin M. Bronsgeest; 
1918, Father Joseph B. Murphy. 

Assistant pastors of Sacred Heart (Jesuit) 
church : 

Father John Schultz, two years ; Father 
Maurice Oakley, four years; Father Florian 
Sautois, nine years; Father Francis Nuss- 
baum, three years; Father Adrian Sweere, two 
years; Father John Roes, three years; Father 
Constantine Lagae, one year; Father Hubert 
Peters, four years ; Father Charles Bill, three 
years ; Father Walter Hill, ten years ; Father 
P. A. Tschieder, ten j'ears ; Father Florentine 
Boudreaux, six years ; Father John J. Master- 
son, four years ; Father P. J. Ward, four 
years ; Father Edwin Kelly, one year ; Father 
James O'Meara, four years; Father W. J. 
Wolters, two years ; Father P. A. Krier, three 
years ; Father M. F. McNulty, one year ; Fath- 
er J. F. X. Hoeflfer, eight years; Father J. J. 
Corbley, four years; Father M. Lear}% two 
years ; Father W. J. Wallace, one year ; Father 
John McGuire, three years; Father H. J. 
Pickert, eight years ; Father Thomas B. Finn, 
two years; Father R. J. Corcoran, one year; 
Father Hugh J. Erley, 21 years; Father John 
A. Ganser, two years ; Father Joseph B. Mur- 
phy, two years ; Father W. F. Hoffend, one 
and a half years ; Father L. J. Finze, one year. 

Present assistants: Father Joseph Rielag, 
one year; Father Philip Diuine, one year; 
Father E. P. Anderson, one year. 

St. Mary's — West Chicago, 1865 

St. Mary's parish, West Chicago, Illinois, 
was established as an out-mission of Batavia, 
Illinois, in 1865, and attended to bj- Rev. 
Father Spellman, who drove from Batavia 
once a month to say Mass for the scattered 
Catholics of the district, then known as Turner 



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JeiTAt. Qiufoletti 



I The QuAnpiAN Angel Church, Chicago, III. 1699 | 




St. Ita's Church, Chicago, III. 190O 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred seventy-seven 



Junction. lu November, 1893, Rev. A. Gou- 
let became its first resident pastor. Father 
Goulet remained in charge until September, 
1898, and built the present handsome brick 
church and parsonage. He was succeeded by 
Rev. John Dore, who administered to the 
wants of the people for upwards of eight 
years. 

In 1905 Rev. Henry Read was appointed 
by Archbishop Quigley, pastor of St. Mary's, 
remaining in charge until his death in Sep- 
tember, 1910. The Rev. T. C. Gaffney, D. D., 
was then appointed pastor, who, until his death 
by drowning, in September, 1914, made many 
improvements in church and grounds. Rev. 
B. C. Heeney was the next pastor, who faith- 
fully and wisely worked for the temporal and 
spiritual welfare of the parish until Septem- 
ber, 1918, when he was succeeded by the 
present pastor. Rev. M. J. Fennessy, who was 
appointed by Archbishop Mundelein, Septem- 
ber 21, 1918*. 

The parish is at present in a flourishing 
I condition with sodalities for men and women, 
both young and old. The building of a pa- 
rochial school is contemplated for the near 
future. 

Annunciation — Chicago, 1866 

/ Annunciation, B. V. M., church, English- 
speaking congregation, located at the corner 

I of N. Paulina Street and Wabansia Avenue. 
Parish founded in year 1866, by Rev. Thomas 
Burke, pastor of St. Columbkille 's parish (at- 
tended as a mission from St. Columbkille 's 
for two years — 1866-68) church, frame, built 
in 1866. 

First pastor, Rev. Thomas Edwards, ap- 
pointed 1868 to 1877. Built new church, 
dedicated in 1876. Founded school, 1868. 
Second pastor, Rev. P. M. Noonan, 1877-1886. 
Third pastor. Rev. Hugh O'Gara McShane, 
LL. D., 1886-1910; built new rectory and 
school. Fourth pastor. Rev. Dominic Spell - 
man, February 27 to March 11, 1910 (11 
days). Fifth pastor. Rev. W. S. Hennessy; 
March 17, 1910, to September 17, 1910 (died). 
Sixth pastor. Rev. Joseph A. Glenuon, Octo- 
ber 1, 1910, present incumbent. 

First church built in 1866, by Father 

' Burke of St. Columbkille 's ; frame building ; 

, moved to Hermitage avenue, 1872, and used 

\ as school. Present church erected 1872-76 ; 
brick, modified Gothic ; 70 by 165 feet ; seats 
700. New rectory, brick, built by Father Me- 
Shane, 1889 ; new convent and academy, 1888. 



Fir-st school (old church) opened 1869; 
taught by old country school master, John 
Sexton, 1869-71. Sisters of Charity, B. V. M., 
came to Annunciation school, 1872 ; Sister 
Mary Aquin, one of original number, still at 
Annunciation .school. The present school 
building erected in 1904 by Father McShane 
— fine brick and stone structure. Sisters of 
Charity, B. V. M., in Annunciation parish for 
48 years. Number of pupils in school at pres- 
ent about 500, taught by twelve Sisters of 
Charity, B. V. M. 

Societies — Men's Catholic Order of For- 
esters, Women's Catholic Order of Foresters, 
Ladies' Catholic Benevolent Association, An- 
cient Order of Hibernians. Eighty girls of 
parish have become members of the Sisters 
of Charity, B. V. M., twenty of other orders 
twelve priests of diocese reared in Annuncia 
tion parish. Bishop E. J. Dunne, Dallas 
Texas, reared in parish ; first Mass in Annunci 
ation church. Present pastor. Rev. Joseph A 
Glennon ; assistant pastor. Rev. M. J. Mugan. 

St. John's — Winfield, 1867 

First church built in 1867. First pastor, 
Rev. P. Corbinian, 0. S. B. The church was 
enlarged in 1880, burned down in 1905, rebuilt 
in 1906. Father Corbinian was succeeded by 
Rev. John Wiederhold in 1869; is still in 
charge of the parish. He was bom at Neuen- 
beerse, Germany, April 14, 1841 ; ordained at 
Milwaukee, January 29, 1869. For a short 
time pastor at Sublette, Illinois; he was ap- 
pointed pastor of St. John 's in Winfield in the 
year 1869. The following priests have been 
assistants to the Rev. Father Wiederhold : 
Fathers Ott, Lacosky and Webster. 

A house was bought in 1869 and served as 
a parish residence until 1882, when it was con- 
verted into a school. The first parish house, 
built in 1882, burned down in 1886, and was 
rebuilt in the same year. In 1882 the School 
Si.sters of St. Francis opened a parochial 
school in the old parish house, and conducted 
it ever since. Six young ladies entered dif- 
ferent sisterhoods. In the year 1919 the rev- 
erend pastor celebrated his golden jubilee. 

Saint Stanislaus Kostka 
Chicago, 1867 

It takes a long stretch of the imagination 
to picture to one's self the present location 
of Saint Stanislaus Kostka parish and vicinity 
as it appeared in 1850, when the first Polish I 



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St. Peter's Church. Antioch. Ill, 1900 




fi<tv. 
Orlitmnski 



St Stanislaus Church, Kankakee, III . 1900 . ^^,. 

• . "| I J.! ' ' . ■■ ' .' '^ 



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Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred seventy-nine 



immifjrants began to settle there. One ean 
scarcely believe that the now almost exclusive 
manufacturing district was then a vast prairie 
on the banks of the Chicago River. 

The present site of the parochial buildings, 
that is the entire block bounded by Ingraham, 
Noble and Bradley Streets, and the North- 
western Railroad tracks, has been the center 
of parish activities since the year 1870. 

During the period from 1850 to 1870 these 
early Polish settlers welcomed with open arms 
and willing hearts the missionary father, the 
Reverend Leopold Moczygemba, who made his 
visits at Easter time. As early as 1866 the 
Society of St. Stanislaus was formed, and in 
1867 the little colony, comprising one hundred 
and fifty families, petitioned the Right Rev- 
erend Bishop Thomas Folej' for permission to 
found a parish. His consent was gracioiisly 
given, and the building of the church was be- 
gun at the corner of Noble and Bradley 
Streets. 

This was a modest little frame building, 
40 by 85 feet. The basement, 12 feet high, 
was designed for class rooms and meeting 
halls. The second story, twenty-two feet high, 
was used for the church, its tower bearing the 
cross aloft at a height of 85 feet. This build- 
ing was put up at a cost of $6,885. 

As yet no permanent pastor was appointed, 
and the spiritual wants of the people were at- 
tended to by the Reverend Szulak, Society of 
Jesus. The congregation had increased to 
two hundred and sixty-five families in 1869, 
and the Reverend Joseph Juskiewicz was 
given charge of the flock. 

The year 1870 marked the advent of the 
Resurrection Fathers to Saint Stanislaus. The 
first Resurrection Father, Reverend Adolph 
Bakanowski, then on his way to Europe from 
San Antonio, Texas, was forced to di.scontinue 
his journey on account of the Franco-Prussian 
war. He remained with the Poles in Chicago, 
living with a private family. He was finally 
assigned the pastorate and continued to serve 
the little community in that capacity until 
May 29, 1873. During Father Bakanowski 's 
stay the church, which was begun in 1869, was 
dedicated. 

The faithful were then served by several 
different pastors, each remaining but a short 
time until September 18, 1874, Reverend Vin- 
cent Michael Barzynski, C. R., that man of 
Providence, was given to, not only the people 
of St. Stanislaus parish, but to the entire 
Polish population of America. 



He may well be called the first permanent 
pastor, for it was under his guidance and 
direction, and by means of his untiring ef- 
forts, labor and zeal, that the parish has be- 
come one of the best known among Polish 
parishes, not only in America, but also in 
Europe. 

It was he who built the present church, 
started the school, which has since grown into 
the largest parochial school in the United 
States, organized the numerous societies, both 
lay and religious, now found in the parish, 
and by his counsel and aid, both material and 
spiritual, assisted in the foundation of all the 
Polish parishes begun in Chicago and suburbs 
during his life-time. 

God granted him to his fold until the year 
1899, when he was called to his reward ; be- 
loved, honored and regretted, not by his 
parishioners alone, but by all with whom he 
came in contact. 

The Reverend John Kasp.szycki, who is 
now the Superior General of the Congregation 
of Resurrectionists in Rome, was selected to 
succeed Father Barzynski as pastor of Saint 
Stanislaus parish, and held that position until 
1905. Many improvements were made by him, 
and were it not for the fact that he was leav- 
ing for a more exalted office his parishioners, 
would have been loath to give him up. 

However, their joy and gratitude was great 
when on the sixth of Januar}% 1906 word was 
brought from Rome that Reverend Francis 
Gordon had been appointed the next shepherd 
of the flock at Saint Stanislaus. 

His zealous labors for the betterment of the 
parish buildings met with a serious set-back 
in the shape of the disastrous fire which oc- 
curred December 22, 1906. The school was 
burned to the ground. This, however, did not 
discourage him, and, by using every means in 
his reach, a new school building was soon 
completed. The corner-stone was laid May 
31, 1907. 

Father Gordon retained his post as pastor 
until 1909. He is now the Provincial Super- 
ior of the Resurrection Fathers and pastor of 
St. Mary of the Angels' parish, Chicago. 
Father Gordon has always been actively con- 
nected with the Polish Daily News (Dziennek 
Chieagoski), having for many years served on 
the editorial staff of that paper. 

The next to take charge, in 1909, was Rev- 
erend Stanislaus Rogalski. His appointment 
as pastor of a Canadian parish brought his 
labors in Chicago to an end. 






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St. DnENDAN's Church, Chicago, III. 1900 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred eighty-one 



The Rpvorciid Statiishms Siatka was at tliP 
head of all parochial enterprises from 1912 to 
Ifnf), when his appointment in March of the 
last mentioned year as j)astor and superior at 
St. John Cantius eluireh, Chicajio, left St. 
Stanislaus aprain without a pastor. 

This need was .soon supplied in the person 
of Reverend Francis Dembinski, who is still 
the pastor. He is assisted in his work for the 
spiritual welfare of his people by his superior, 
Reverend John Sobieszczyk, Reverend John 
Pichowski, Reverend Francis Pieezynski, Rev- 
erend Paul Tud.yka, Reverend Bronislaus 
Cieslak, Reverend Valentine Swietek, and 
Reverend Francis Kubiaczyk. 

The original St. Stanislaus church was 
located on the corner of Noble and Bradley 
Streets. It was begun in 1869, and the dedi- 
cation took place June 18, 1871. It was found 
that the number of devout worshipers was 
becoming too large for the little church, and 
in 1875 lots were purchased on the corner of 
Noble and Ingraham Streets for the erection 
of a more spacious temple of God. This new 
building was erected at a cost of $11,500. 

The church is built in the form of a Roman 
basilica, two hundred feet long and eighty 
feet wide. The height of the towers from the 
level of the street is two hundred feet. Be- 
tween these two towers can be seen a giant 
statue of St. Stanislaus, seventeen feet tall. 
The style of architecture has been adhered to 
throughout the building, and the harmony 
thus effected makes a pleasing impression on 
all who visit the chiirch. Ample provision has 
been made for solemn festivals, for the sanc- 
tuary is very large. 

The church has a seating capacity of 1,500. 
It was first intended to utilize what is now 
called the "lower church" for cla.ss rooms, 
but it was found that it, too, was needed for 
Divine service, and has been in constant use 
for that purpose since 1877. 

The new hall, which has a seating capac- 
ity of 1,000. was built since the fire of 1906, is 
of red brick, and built to harmonize in archi- 
tectural style with the school building, and 
faces Bradley Street. Another building on 
the premises is the gjTnnasium, erected for the 
special benefit of the young people. This was 
built in 1900. The manj^ clubs and societies 
in the parish practice their indoor sports here. 

The only really old building on the 
grounds, if we except the church, is the rec- 
tory. This was put up in 1878. It faces In- 
graham Street, is three stories high, seventy 
feet long and forty-five feet wide, and is con- 



nected with the church. The cost of this 
structure was $8,000. 

There is also a separate building contain- 
ing the boiler room for heating. 

The first school was conducted in the base- 
ment of the first church. Provision for a per- 
manent school were made by Reverend Vin- 
cent Barzynski in 1874, when he petitioned 
Reverend Mother Caroline of the School Sis- 
ters of Notre Dame for teachers for his school. 

Mother Caroline's deep interest in and love 
for the Polish people prompted her to receive 
the request favorabl.v, and three sisters eame 
to .start the noble work of Christian education, 
which has since been continued by the same 
body of religious teachers, the School Sisters 
of Notre Dame. For forty-four years one of 
these sisters, Sister Mary Rogeria, was head 
of the community at St. Stanislaus, but feeble 
health compelled her to resign her charge in 
1918, and she is now spending the evening of 
life at the mother-house of the order in Mil- 
waukee. 

As early as 1876 there were 500 children in 
attendance at the school. In 1883 the old 
church was renewed, its foundations strength- 
ened so that the entire building could be used 
fwr school purposes, at an expenditure of 
$11,000. 

By this time a new dwelling had to be pro- 
vided for the sisters. This was done in 1879, 
at an expense of $3,500. 

The school attendance had grown to such 
an extent that in 1886 preparations were made 
to erect a new school on a much larger scale. 
Difficulties arose, however, because many of 
the families objected to selling their property. 
It was planned to have the school facing Brad- 
ley Street. It was only in 1889 that the last 
lots were purchased and the building begun. 

The new building was an almost square 
structure, four stories high, two hundred 
twelve feet in length, containing sixteen class- 
rooms, four meeting halls for the convenience 
of the societies, and an auditorium, the larg- 
est then in the city — large enough to accom- 
modate 4,000 people. 

In 1902 the school was again enlarged so 
as to consist of twenty-four class rooms, the 
cost of the enlargement being $22,650. 

The increase in the number of pupils cre- 
ated a demand for more teachers. The first 
home for the sisters, became too small. There- 
fore another story was built above the school 
as a temporary home for the sisters, while a 
new one was to be constructed. 



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I St. WiLLEPnoDD's Church, Chicago, III. 1900 | 




St FiNDAnn's Church. Chicago, III. 1900 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred eighty-three 



In 1905 tlie old school and former dwelliiijr 
for the sisters was removed, that the work of 
erecting the new buildings might begin. It 
was planned to have a new hall (the large one 
mentioned above having been converted into 
class rooms) and a new residence for the ac- 
commodation of the teachers. 

But, alas, all the labor of years and the 
sacrifices of the people were brought to 
naught, swept away in one night by the rav- 
ages of the merciless fire which attacked the 
school building on the memorable night of 
December 22, 190C. The morning of Decem- 
ber 23 found the school, which had been the 
pride, the joy and the hope of the parish, com- 
pletely ruined. The parishioners were obliged 
to begin again the work of which they had 
hoped to reap the fruits. 

After the first shock was over many willing 
hands and generous purses offered assistance, 
and the work of rebuilding the school was be- 
gun, and so rapidly did it progress that on 
May 31, 1907, the cornerstone of the new 
building wais laid. 

The new school is a cement and steel struc- 
ture, an absolutely fireproof building, has five 
stories, including the ground floor, and fifty- 
four class-rooms (forty-eight of which are in 
use) and three large halls for society meet- 
ings. The course of studies consists of the 
ordinary eight grades and a two-year course 
in business training for girls who have com- 
pleted the grammar school. The diocesan plan 
is followed. 

At times there were as manj- as 3,800 chil- 
dren in regular attendance, but now the num- 
ber of pupils has decreased to 2,872 for the 
term 1919 to 1920. 

The only institutions in the parish at the 
present time are the Nazareth Academy, con- 
ducted by the Sisters of the Holy Family of 
Nazareth, and St. Stanislaus College. 

This latter institution was founded by 
Father Barzynski for the higher education of 
Polish youths, and has the distinction of being 
the oldest institution of its kind in America. 
The Fathers of the Congregation of the 
Resurrection still carry on the noble work. 

In former years the Polish Orphanage was 
in the parish. This work of charity was also 
established by Father Barzynski. Later it was 
put in charge of a newly founded sisterhood, 
the Polish Franciscan Sisters, and is now un- 
der the direction of the Felician Sisters, and 
located at Niles, Illinois. 



The Polish Franciscan Sisters' Congrega- 
tion was begun by Father Barzynski, and the 
organization of it perfected after his death by 
Reverend Andrew Spetz, C. R. 

There are in all about fifty-two organiza- 
tions, societies, clubs, etc., in the parish. Ch'iet 
among these are the Kosziuscko Civic Club 
and its Women's Auxiliary Club Dambrowka, 
St. Joseph's Society and St. Stanislaus Alum- 
ni Association. 

The Kosciuszko Civic Club was organized 
by Rev. Francis Gordon in 1907. Its prin- 
cipal object is to provide financial aid for the 
parish and promote its general welfare. As 
the name suggests, the members of this club 
take a leading part in all local civic affairs. 

The St. Joseph Society was begun in 1883 
by Father Barzynski. It consists of two di- 
visions, one for the older and the other for the 
younger members. This society also gives 
pecuniary assistance to the parish. It has a 
large library for the use of its members and 
other parishioners, and the young people en- 
joy the rare privilege of having pool rooms in 
their own parish. 

The Alumni Association is the most pop- 
ular of the societies for the .young. Ever since 
its foundation the members have been effective 
workers, and ardent supporters of every good 
work in the parish, whether it was done for 
church or school. Although a comparatively 
new organization, it has made an enviable 
reputation for itself. The zeal of the associ- 
ates for their own advancement and that of 
others in the field of knowledge and education 
is remarkable. A fund has been established 
to give scholarships to the younger members 
who desire a higher education, and who have 
not the means to gain it. 

Some of the fathers of St. Stanislaus merit 
special mention. By far the most notable 
person of St. Stanislaus parish was Father 
Vincent Michael Barzynski, C. R., who from 
1874 to 1899, was at the head of all religious 
enterprises undertaken bj' the Polish popula- 
tion of Chicago. 

This truly providential and apostolic man 
was born at Sulislawice, Sandomir, Russian 
Poland, 1836. After his ordination to the 
priesthood, October 28, 1861, he was sent to 
Tomaszew. Having gone to Rome, he joined 
the newly established Congregation of the 
Resurrection. Shortly after, fortified and en- 
couraged by the special blessing of Pope Pius 
IX, he set out for America, 1866. 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hwidred eighty-five 



His labors in San Antoiiici. 'Pcxas, ex- 
tended from the above year until 1874, when 
he was appointed pastor of St. Stanislaus par- 
ish, ("hieasro. It was while laborinj; in this 
eapac-ity that he aeeomplished all those won- 
derful thinjrs whieh have since made him re- 
nowned throughout the country. It was 
throufjh him that all the Polish parishes bc- 
grun ill Chicago between the years 1874 and 
1899 were established. In his own parish he 
orgranized no less than forty societies; founded 
St. Stani.slaus College, broujrht the Polish Or- 
phanage into existence, and introduced the 
Sisters of the Holy F'amily of Nazareth into 
the United States; established a home for the 
aged; gave the Franciscan Sisters their be- 
ginning. 

This apostolic man was the dominating fig- 
ure in the history of the Polish people in 
America. For the protection and benefit of 
his own countrymen lie organized the Polish 
Roman Catholic Union. 

He had a veritable genius for organization. 
His rare fights of mind and heart were used 
only for the benefit and welfare of others. He 
possessed deep faith and such strong confi- 
dence in God that nothing in the way of hard- 
ships or persecutions could discourage him. 
Though demanding mucli of himself, he was 
ever mindful of the weakness of human na- 
ture and ti-eated all with the utmost consid- 
eration. 

His memory will live on in the minds and 
hearts of his parishioners, who in turn will 
transmit it to their offspring as a most prec- 
ious heritage. A magnificent monument in St. 
Adalbert's cei-etery marks his last resting 
place. It is a fitting tribute to him. and shows 
how eager his people are to honor his memory, 

A history of the parish would not be com- 
plete without a few words about one, who, 
though his stay was short, exerted an influence 
on the people. This was the Most Reverend 
Archbishop Joseph Weber. C. R.. who was the 
provincial superior of the Fathers of the 
Resurrection in America and made liis home 
at St. Stanislaus. 

It may be said that he was reared in the 
Polish College at Rome and while still a 
student made a vow that he would enter the 
Congregation of the Resurrection. However, 
for weighty reasons, he had to postpone his 
entrance for many years. He held various 
offices in the diocese of Lemberg (Lwow) and 
was consecrated archbishop of Darna in 1903. 
In IftOii. at the age of sixty years, he entered 



the Congregation, and was sent to America as 
provincial superior. He died at St. Stanis- 
laus, March 24, 1918, with a reputation of 
sanctity. 

The Reverend Andrew Spetz, ('. R., who 
labored so zealously as an assistant at St. 
Stanislaus parish from 1895 until 1914, de- 
serves an honorable mention. He was another 
St. \'incent de Paul among the poor of the 
parish. He posse.ssed not only deep faith and 
piety, but was also a man with a keen insight 
into public affairs, and was ever active where 
the honor of God, the good of the Church, the 
welfare of the people or Christian education 
was concerned. He was entrusted with vari- 
ous responsible offices by his superiors. He 
died December 6, 1918, at St. Louis, Mis.souri, 
where he had charge of the House of Studies 
for the clerics of his order. 

In 1917 the parish celebrated the fiftieth 
anniversary of its foundation, and, owing to 
the untiring efforts of the pastor, Rev. Fran- 
cis Dambinski, it was an event w^hieh will 
linger long in the memories of the parish- 
ioners. 

As was most fitting the celebration began 
early in the year by a mission conducted by 
the Fathers of St. Vincent de Paul. All along 
through the summer minor celebration^ were 
held by the various societies. 

But the crowning event was the Solemn 
Pontifical Mass sung by His Grace, the Most 
Reverend Archbishop George William Munde- 
lein, on November 4, of that year. 

The school children formed in the streets 
to welcome him as he passed on his way to 
the rectory. 

Right Reverend Paul Peter Rhode, Bishop 
(.'f Green Bay, Wisconsin, who is a former 
pupil of St. Stanislaus school, and several 
other monsignors were present. 

The last days of the month of November 
marked the close of the celebration. ■ The.se 
days were given over to the children, who in 
two beautiful programs showed themselves the 
proud heirs of the fift.\- years of labor and 
accomplishments of the schools of St. Stan- 
islaus Kostka. 

St. Patrick — Momence, 1867 

St. Patrick's church was formerly a mis- 
sion attended from either St. Anne or St. 
George, the neighboring parishes. The found- 
er of this mission was the saintly and fearless 
priest Epiphanius LaPointe, who relentlessly 



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Rev. F.J. 5hee 



I ""•. f^Anv's OF THE Lake Church, Chicago, III. 1901 | 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred eighty-seven 



and successfully contended with the adherents 
of the apostate Chiniquy. 

The successors of Father LaPointe, suc- 
ceeding each other in the following order, 
were: Fathers Peter Paradis, 1867-1872; 
Michel LaTellier, 1872-1878; Joseph Lesage, 
1878-1885, and Z. Berard, 1885-1890. 

The first permanent pastor of St. Patrick's 
church was Rev. George Kert.son, whose in- 
cumbency lasted from 1890-1805. Rev. A. L. 
LaBrie, his successor, left St. George church, 
having been in charge of that parish during 
six years, in order to enter upon this new and 
wide field of labor. The year 1896 witnessed 
the erection of the pi-esent parsonage. In 
1906 the cornerstone of St. Patrick's Academy 
was laid. This institution is in charge of the 
sisterhood called the Servants of tlie Immac- 
ulate Heart of Mary, whose mother-house is 
located at Beaverville, Illinois. 

St. Patrick's Academy, which takes care 
of the parochial school, has in time developed 
into a prosperous boarding-school. No doubt 
a bright future seems to be in reserve for the 
institution, the result, we may say, of the 
untiring zeal and educational skill of the 
reverend sisters. 

In the course of a few years the increasing 
number of Catholics in Momence, necessitated 
the substitution of the old frame mission 
church bj' a more substantial and capacious 
building. The cornerstoue was laid June 8, 
1914, with appropriate ceremonies, and the 
year following the church was dedicated to the 
worship of God by His Grace, Archbishop 
Mundelein. 

The group of Catholics constituting St. 
Patrick's parish belong to various national- 
ities, prominent among whom are the Irish, 
the French-Canadians and the Poles. 

Momence, abotxt 3,000 in population, is 
picturesquely situated on the beautiful Kan- 
kakee River, and is known a-s one of the old- 
est cities in Northern Illinois. The fording 
facilities at this point of the river made of 
Momence a trading post and a gathering place 
for the pioneers traveling during the early 
years of the last century, along the old Vin- 
cennes trail between Vincennes and Fort 
Dearborn, now Chicago. 

Besides the early settlers, we .should not 
forget the missionaries who crossed the Kan- 
kakee river at Momence and deservedly rested 
here during their wearisome journeyings 
amidst the vast prairies of the State of Illi- 
nois. We may mention, among several, the 



illustrious names of such apo.stolic men as 
Father Peter Gibeault, Father Badin, Bishop 
St. Palais and Father St. Cyr, who, at varioas 
epochs, as the parochial records testify, vis- 
ited Kankakee County, ministering to t'he re- 
ligious needs of the Catholics and Indians. 

St. Alphonsus — Lemont, 1867 

Prom its very beginning St. Alphonsus 
parish has had a very interesting history. Its 
origin and early history are closely interwoven 
with the origin and development of both the 
Irish and Polish parishes. 

The records show that up to the year 1867 
all these nationalities held joint services in 
old St. Patrick's church. In 1867 the Ger- 
man and Polish Catholics launched a move- 
ment to have their own church, and were 
greatly encouraged in their efforts when Mr. 
Daus, a member of the church, living at Lock- 
port, donated two lots for that purpose. Dur- 
ing the construction of the building in 1867, 
services w^ere held in an old school house, at 
the corner of State and Main Streets. Ac- 
cording to the records. Father P. Schaeffler, 
a Redemptorist of St. Michael's church, Chi- 
cago, organized the new pari.sh. On Septem- 
ber 28, of that same year. Father C. Rosen- 
bauer, C. SS. R., said the first Mass; the 
church, however, was not solemnly blessed un- 
til June 29, 1868, by Father F. Oberle, C. SS. 
R.. and placed under the patronage of St. 
Alphonsus. 

The school was built during the adminis- 
tration of Father J. Juetting, and until 1880 
was in charge of laj- teachers ; in that year, 
however, the Sisters of St. Agnes, Fon du Lac, 
Wisconsin, took charge, and by their untiring, 
efficient work brought it to a high standard of 
e.xcellence. 

In the spring of 1873, Father F. J. Antl 
came to Lemont, and it was during the first 
year of his pastorate that the rectory was 
built. This building has since been removed, 
and is now occupied by the sisters. 

In August, 1874, the first mission was giv- 
en by the renowaied Jesuit Father F. X. Wen- 
inger, during which about 1,000 persons re- 
ceived Holy Communion. The large, stone 
mission cross near the church is still an elo- 
quent reminder of that event. 

In 1876 Rt. Rev. Bishop Foley adminis- 
tered the Sacrament of Confirmation to a class 
of 170. 

Father Antl, who remained here until 
1882, is now in Savanna, 111. 



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St. Raphaels Church, Chicago, III. 1901 




Kfv. H. J. ^eber 



St. Benedict's Church, Chicago, III. 1901 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred eighty-nine 



At the time of Fatlier Antl's departure 
the parish numbered over 400 families, with 
the result that the ehureh was ovcr-erowdod ; 
whereupon the Polish members decided to 
establish a place of worship for themselves. 
Father Moczipremba was appointed their first 
pastor, and in April, 1884, Father F. Sixt 
took charge of St. Alplionsus parish, and 
served in that capacity eleven years. He was 
transferred to Kankakee, 111. 

His successor was Father B. Westarp, who 
came here from Elgin, 111., in August, 1895. 
Father "Westarp worked very successfully till 
1903, when he was appointed irremovable 
rector of St. Anthony's church, Chicago. 
Both Father Sixt and Westarp have since 
passed into eternity. 

Then followed Father F. M. Bay. His 
previous charge had been Stockton, 111. He 
remained until August, 1912, when he was 
transferred to Fremont Center, 111., where he 
still labors. 

Father Sehildgen is the present pastor. 
After having built a new rectory, repaired 
and remodeled the school and sister's house, 
it is now his great ambition to build a new 
St. Alphonsus clmrch. 

Some of the oldest members of the parisli 
were : Charles Freehauf, Andrew Seller, Pet- 
er Hennes, Joseph Gerliarz, Gottlieb Meyer, 
Peter Girten, Math. Kuranz, Anton Kanne, 
William Schuey, Christ Hettinger, George 
Hettinger, Bartel Conrad, Joseph Frank, 
John Shartz, Seb. New, Andrew Weimer, and 
others, but of the old charter members only 
one now lives — Charles Freehauf. St. Al- 
phonsus parish now numbers about 150 fam- 
ilies. \ 

St. Michael's ^v \^j 

Gooding's Grove, 1867 ^^ 

St. Michael church, Gooding's Grove, Illi- 
nois; three and one-half miles from Orland 
Station (23 miles southwest of Chicago, on the 
Wabash), on the county line road (Cook and 
Will Counties). 

Parisli founded September 29, 1867, under 
the care of the Benedictine Fathers of St. 
Joseph's church, Chicago. First acting pastor. 
Father Suitbert M. Demarteau, 0. S. B. 

In the fall of 1869 Father J. H. Jutting 
from Lockport began to look after the parish. 

In 1873 the Benedictine Fathers were 
again on the scene. 

In 1874 Father C. Hout from Lockport 
took charge until the summer of 1878, when 
Father Sixt was appointed. 



Ten years later the Benedictine Fathers 
once more provided for the needs of the mis- 
sion church (sending different fathers at short 
intervals). From the summer of 1893 to late 
in 1896 Father Rudesindus Schrembs, O. S. B. 
From the spring of 1898 to the fall of 1901 
Father Suitliert Rickcrt, 0. S. B. 

During 1904 the records show Father Wil- 
liam H. Dettmer providing for the needs of 
the parish. 

In the fall of that year (or possibly a little 
later — first record is in February, 1905) the 
Jesuit Fathers of St. Ignatius College were 
induced to look after the mission church. 
Father John B. Goesse, S. J., was the first 
Jesuit in charge. He was succeeded by Father 
C. J. V. Bill, S. J., who was pastor of the 
little flock from 1908 to 1916. Father Bill 
died a few years ago. The work was con- 
tinued by Father John B. Kokenge, S. J., un- 
til the fall of 1917. The two years thereafter 
Father George H. Mahowald, S. J., then sta- 
tioned at Loyola Academy, paid the usual 
fortnightly visits to the parish ; while since 
that time Father James Preuss, S. J., of St. 
Ignatius College has looked after its needs. 

Probably the first Mass said for the parish 
was said in a structure on the cemetery 
grounds, about 20 by 30 feet in size. 

A suitable frame church was erected after 
the founding of the parish (September 29, 
1867), which was enlarged somewhat later on. 
A two-story, two-room frame school bviilding 
was put up about the same time with the 
church. The acre of land for the buildings 
was the gift of John Jungles, who died in the 
beginning of 1920 at the age of 90 years. 

The school was conducted by a la.v teach- 
er. It had to be discontinued at different 
times because of various unfavorable circiim- 
stauees, and has not been taken up again the 
last few years. The maximum number of 
school children at the school at one time was 
something over thirty. 

The cemetei-y of the painsh, one acre in 
size, is situated a mile south of the church, 
along the same road, but on the opposite side, 
in Will county (while the church stands on 
the Cook County side). It was donated by 
Matthias Wagner about the time the parish 
was founded. 

The organizations in the parish : St. Mich- 
-ael's Altar Society, composed of the ladies of 
the parish, which for many years has provided 
the church with the necessary articles for re- 
ligious service, and kept in clean linen, etc. ; 
the Association of the Childhood, compri.sing 



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fiov. S. fiilbovicz 





Rcv .J.Cazjduskas 






I Providence of Pop Church, Chicago, III. 1900 | 




Me'V.A. W^ Sch tn ifz 




U 



St. ledorius Church, Steger, III. 1901 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred ninety-one 



about forty children in its membership: a 
sodality of Our Lady is beinj? organized. 

The most notable event in the history of 
the parisli was its golden jubilee, celebrated 
September 29, 1917, under the pastorship of 
Father John B. Kokenge, S. J. Upon this 
occasion, which was at the same time the 
patroual feast of the parish, a Solemn High 
Mass was sung by the pastor. In commemora- 
tion of the jubilee a memorial card was dis- 
tributed to the parishioners. 

A few years before this event the first mis- 
sion was held at St. Michael 's by Rev. Thomas 
C. McKeogh, S. J., and the reverend pastor. 
Father Kokenge. 

Fifteen of the boys of the parish were called 
to the colors. Some of them got to see actual 
service, and two got as far as Siberia, the last 
one returning at the end of 1919. All got back 
to their homes unscathed and in good health. 
The names of those who were in the .service 
are : Robert Bremner, John Bremner. Frank 
Hostert, John Hostert, George Co.x, Edward 
Smith, Peter Smith, Louis Lucas, John Wel- 
ter, John Ludwig, William Jungles, Matthias 
Wies, Michael Wies, Lawrence Welter. Barnej' 
Hostert. To celebrate the safe return of the 
boys a Solemn High Mass was sung October 
12, 1919. at which occasion the service flag 
with fifteen stars was lowered. ,^-, , ^ L~ 

St. Peter's — Niles Center, 1868 

In 1868 some 65 German families, scat- 
tered over the plain between Gross Point and 
Jefferson Park. Rose Hill. High Ridge and 
Niles, petitioned the Rt. Rev. Bishop James 
Duggan, D. D., to establish for them a sep- 
arate parish, as they found it too irksome to 
fulfill their religious duties at St. Joseph's, 
Gross Point, to which they had hitherto be- 
longed. As sufficient property had been do- 
nated and a substantial frame church built at» 
Niles Center, this village being of easy access 
to all petitioners concerned. Bishop Duggan 
granted the request forthwith, and charged 
a young priest. Rev. Joseph Beineke (died as 
pa.stor of St. Mary's, Kankakee) with the or- 
ganization of the new parish. Father Bein- 
eke "s fii'st entry on the parish books is the 
baptism of John Joseph Witt, January 25, 
1869. Ma.ss was celebrated for the first time 
in the new church on the sixth of May. 1869. 
The parish was dedicated to St. Peter, the 
Prince of Apostles, in grateful recognition of 
the generosity of Peter Blameuser, who had 
donated five acres of land as well as a consid- 



erable sum of money towards the erection of 
the church. A brother of Peter, Eberhard 
Blameuser, donated an additional acre of land 
to round out the cemtery property. The 
church, 40 by 60 feet, in the round arch 
style, had been built by P. Kir.scht,- a member 
of the new parish, at a cost of but $3,536, as 
much of the labor was done gratis by other 
enthusiastic parishioners. It stands to this 
day serving as a hall for society meetings and 
entertainments. Folowing are the names of 
the founders of the parish : John H. Kirscht, 
John Kirscht, Peter Kirscht, Nicholas Hauer, 
John Ilauer, Theodore Maas, Michael Conrad, 
Math. Conrad, Peter Conrad, Wm. Barg, Mich- 
ael Dietrich, John Dahm, Charles Dahm, Mat. 
Laubach, John Theobald, George Thomas, 
John Schmitt, John Koler, Henry Boemmels, 
M. M. Loehner, Lorenz Schmitz, George Gabel, 
Michael Loehner, Valentine Gabel, Mrs. John 
Dilg, Mrs. Haupt, Peter Haupt, J. Haupt, 
Mathias Hoffmann, Michael Hoffman, Joseph 
Bruekschlegel, Mrs. Theresa Bellert, Joseph 
Schalbeck, John Gerres, Mrs. Wagner, Peter 
Blameuser, Sr., Peter Blameuser, Jr., Christ 
Blameuser, Eberhardt Blameuser, George 
Maekler, John T. Wagner, James Egan, James 
Arthur, Mat. Kannen, John Kuhl, Ed. Meier 
and brother, Frank Muno, John B. Broesel, 
Henry Harrer. Michael Harrer, George Yehl, 
Boniface Baumann, Christ Baumann, John 
Hemmer, Joseph Nellessen, Christ. Roschen, 
Michael Steffens and John Sehmelzer. Of 
these only eight survive, but most of the or- 
iginal stock of the parish is still preserved in 
large and healthy branches. Father Beineke 
built a parochial residence (later occupied by 
the School Sisters, but now sold and removed 
from the property. In 1871 Father Beineke 
resigned and on March 1, 1872, the Rev. AI03'- 
sius J. Theile (now pastor of St. Aloysius 
church) was appointed to succeed him. Under 
Father A. J. Thiele's administration, which 
lasted till July, 1879, a school and a new- 
parochial residence were built. Both build- 
ings are still in use, the latter serving as sis- 
ters" residence. After employing a lay teach- 
er for several years (Mr. Henry Kolf), Father 
Thiele procured the Dominican Sisters from 
Racine, Wisconsin (in 1876), who taught the 
parish school for about ten years. He was 
succeeded by his brother. Rev. Dionysius M. 
Thiele (now pastor of St. Matthias, Bo\\Tnan- 
ville), whose pastorate lasted till June, 1882. 
Rev. W. J. Revis, the next pastor, remained 
but a short time, viz. : till Januarj- of the fol- 
lowing year, when the care of the parish re- 







I St. Isidore's Church, Blue Island, III. 1900 | 




I HOLY Family Church. North Chicago, III. 1901 | 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred ninety-three 



verted to .St. .Josepli's, Gross I'oiiit. from 
which it had been separated fourteen years 
-previously. 

On the first of July, 1883, however, a new 
resident priest was appointed in the person 
of Rev. Clement Duerr (now retired, and liv- 
ing in Spring Grove, Illinois). During his 
regime the Dominican Sisters were retired and 
Mr. Kolf once more acted as teacher and or- 
ganist, being later assisted by his daughter. 
His last entry in the parish records shows the 
date, February 8, 1892. In this entry, and in 
fact in all previous ones since October, 1891, 
he signs himself P. R. It would .seem, how- 
ever, that the title was personal rather than 
local, as no succeeding pastor has borne it. 

Now follows the long administration of 
Rev. B. J. Schuette. His chief visible work is 
the justlj' admired new church, which was 
built at a cost of $33,000, from designs drawn 
by the now famous architect, Mr. Henry 
Schlacks, who boasts of it as his maiden effort. 
This church was dedicated by Archbishop - 
Feehan in June, 1895. The school was moved 
and enlarged at the same time the new church 
was being erected. Father Schuette also in 
the fall of 1893, replaced the lay teachers (Mr. 
Kolf and his daughter) bj^ the School Sisters 
of St. Francis from Greenfield Park, Mil- 
waukee. This sisterhood has conducted the 
parish school ever since with marked success, 
so much so, that its graduates may enter any 
high school of the state without previous ex- 
amination. In 1907, Father Schuette resigned 
to accept the quieter pastorate of S. Joseph's, 
"Waukegan, and the Rev. George Thiele was 
appointed his successor. During the ten j'ears 
of Father Thiel's incumbency the parish con- 
tinued to flourish spiritually and materialh'. 
He purchased a large pipe organ and raised 
the choir to a high standard. But shortly 
after the completion of a beautiful pressed 
brick rectory the rector himself collapsed, and 
was obliged to keep an assistant, the Rev. 
Joseph Adams, who also acted as locum tenens 
during the pastor's protracted absence at St. 
Francis hospital, Evanstou. When finally 
Father Thiele 's illness took a fatal turu, Ai'ch- 
bishop Mundelein appointed Rev. A. Evers to 
assume the pastorate, May 11, 1917. Father 
Thiele died a few months later, and was in- 
terred in the cemetery of St. Peter's. Though 
the new pastor had but recently recovered 
from a physical breakdown himself, he worked 
most zealously to keep up with the pace set by 
his predecessor. In the space of two years 
and four months he collected some $22,000, 



wlierewith to make urgent repaii's on ni^arly 
ali the parish buildings and to decorate the 
churi'h anew. He also purcha.sed a new site 
for a future up-to-date scliool. During 
periodical recurrences of his ailment he was 
ably assisted by Father JI. Bregenzer, 0. SS. 
R., and Rev. William Finnemann, S. V. D. Ou 
October 1, 1919, he felt constrained to resign 
in order to seek a more salubrious climate. 
Since the 19th of October, of the same year, 
the Rev. A. J. Wolfgarten, D. D., is in charge 
of the parish, which celebrated its golden jub- 
ilee almost immediately after his arrival, it 
having been impossible to celebrate the same 
on the exact date, owing to Father Evers' 
condition. To judge from the splendid spirit 
of unity and sacrifice shown on that occasion, 
the labors of man.y years have not been in 
vain. In general it may be said that St. 
Peter's parish is excellently organized and 
thoroughly Catholic in the old fashioned way. 
Societies of various kinds exist to foster piety 
as well as sociability among old and young of 
both sexes. The C. 0. F. and the W." C. 0. F. 
are represented by one court each, and the 
Knights of Columbus of which organization 
a number of parishioners are already mem- 
bers, contemplate establishing a council here 
in the near future. 

The church is maguificentl.v equipped and 
the choir might vie in excellence with the 
best even in a large city, rendering none but 
approved music in strict and complete con- 
formity with the iloto Propria of Pope Pius 
X. The present organist and directrice is 
Sister M. Laura, a pupil of Mr. J. Lingen- 
berger's. Though church services have been 
conducted in German for fifty years, and in 
spite of the fact that the school was taught 
in German exclusively for nearly 25 years, 
and to a considerable extent long after, all 
parishioners are thorough-going Americans, 
speak English as fluently as German, and now 
take kindly to the gradual introduction of 
English in sermons and devotions. The school 
has long since ceased to lay stress on the 
knowledge of German, and in another decade 
the language which was so long a means of 
preserving a sturdy Catholicity will be a 
thing of the past. Thus an entirely German 
settlement (there are but three or four per- 
sons of Irish and a few of Polish descent 
in the parish) has been Americanized without 
hurry or violence and without detriment to 
the precious inheritance of Catholic Faith and 
life. The parish up to last September num- 
bered about 200 families; the school at the 



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Rev. W.Gr^noer 




Re\. V. Primeau 



St. Joseph's Church,, Bradley, III. 1900 




Rev. c//), G'rembow/'cz 



St. Anne's Church, Chicago, III. 1902 



Diamond Jubilee 



Page three hundred ninety-five 



time boasting of its largest attendance, show- 
ing an enrollment of 180 pupils. Only seven 
or eight children attend the public school. 

Unfortunately for St. Peter's, but to the 
delight and great boon of many outlying 
farmers, as well as the rapidly growing village 
of Morton Grove, a considerable i)ortion of 
the congregation has been cut off since October 
last by the establishment of the new parish of 
Morton Grove, of which Rev. J. Schmidt is the 
pastor. The indebtedness of the parish is at 
present .somewhat less than $12,000, which 
might be liquidated in a shoi't time were it not 
for tlie aforesaid division and the pressing 
need of a more modern school building, with 
additional quarters for social work, which 
latter becomes more and more crying as the 
great city of Chicago advances to engulf the 
peaceful and unsophisticated country folk. 

St. Joseph's — Lockport, 1868 

Lockport is a very old town in the State 
of Illinois. For about twenty years there was 
only one Catholic chiirch in the whole city, 
known as "St. Dennis church." In this 
church all people, irrespective of nationality, 
worshipped God. But in time the Germans 
became very numerous, so numerous, indeed, 
that they thought they could and sliould have 
a church of their own, and have services con- 
ducted in their own language. For this reason 
they banded together and petitioned the Rt. 
Rev. Bishop of Chicago for a German-speak- 
ing priest. To this the bishop gladly con- 
sented and sent them Father H. Yuetting. 

Naturalh- this holy man set about organ- 
izing his new parish at once. The first thing 
to do was to select five prominent men to act 
as trustees. The honors fell upon Joseph 
Lejser, Joseph Wittenkeller, Joseph Bohle, 
Joseph Weischum and Joseph Drymiller. 
Since all these men have the name "Joseph," 
they deemed it befitting to call the church 
they were founding "St. Joseph's," also. 

St. Joseph's church, like every other 
newly established church, had its difficulties to 
contend with. This is evident from the facts 
that, although it is 52 years old, it never had 
one hundred families to count on — not even 
to this day; besides, wealth is unknown here, 
and the priests and sisters, on account of un- 
favorable circumstances, had to change hands 
altogether too frequentlj- to do the parish any 
real good. Hence the parish has nothing to 
show for its half century of existence, except 
a rather substantial church building, the • 



greater part of which church building, how- 
ever, is of comparatively recent origin, as will 
be .seen later on. 

Tlie priests who were stationed at St. 
Joseph's church are sixteen in number. The 
first one was Rev. II. Yuetting. Then came 
Rev. Francis Antl. Then Rev. Charles Hout; 
then Rev. F. R. Sixt ; the Rev. Isodor, 0. S. B. ; 
then Rev. Remigius, 0. B. B. ; tlien Rev. 
Aemilius, O. S. B. ; then Rev. Paul Behrens, 
0..S. B. ;.then Rev. Otto, 0. S. B.; then Rev. 
Maximilian, 0. S. B. ; then Rev. Joseph 
Rempc; then Rev. George Rathz; tlien Rev. 
Daniel, O. F. M. : then Rev. H. M. Franz; 
then Rev. J. D. Liebreich. Of all these Rev. 
Paul Behrens, 0. S. B., carries the distinc- 
tion of having been here twice, and Rev. J. D. 
Liebreich has the lionor of being the present 
pastor, appointed January 24, 1919, by His 
Grace, George "W. ]\Iundelein, Archbishop of 
Chicago. 

About some of the above-mentioned fathers 
nothing is known, except that they have been 
stationed here, whilst others — records show — 
have distinguished themselves in an excep- 
tional manner, considering circum.stances. 
For instance. Rev. II. Yuetting, in the year 
1867 or "68, built a beautiful little church, 34 
by 60 feet in size, Gothic in style, on the 
southeast corner of Fifth and Jefferson 
Streets. This church is .so massive and well 
constructed that it still stands today well pre- 
served, on the same site, and is used for the 
same purpose. Rev. Charles Hout is cred- 
ited with liaving bouglit or built a nice little 
frame house, for a priest house, across the 
street from the church, namely, on the north- 
east corner of Fifth and Jefferson Streets. 
Like the church, this house still exists and 
forms the dwelling place of the pastor. Rev. 
Remigius is said to have erected the school 
and convent, a combination frame building. 
This building also is still to be seen, u.sed for 
the same purpose. Rev. Joseph Rempe en- 
larged the priest house somewhat. Rev. 
George Rathz added a beautiful tower to the 
church. Rev. H. M. Franz in his untiring 
zeal, extended the church twelve feet, built on 
a very picturesque Gothic sanctuary and two 
spacious sacristies, and re-decorated and re- 
furnished both church and school. Finally, 
Rev. J. D. Liebreich installed the latest style 
iron tabernacle, and brought the school, con- 
vent and priest house from their primitive 
condition up-to-date. 

Scarcely anything is known about the 
various sisterhoods that had charge of the 



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I St. Gertrude's Church. Franklin Park, III. 1901 | 




;T Joseph's Church, Summit, III. 1902 



The Archdiocese of Chicago 



Page three hundred ninety-seven 



scIkiii!. Sdiiic say the Poor Ilaiuiiuaids wore 
the tii-st to come here; others aver that the 
Beiiedietine Sisters had that lionor; but all 
agree that the Kenedietiue Sisters were here 
>mtil about twenty years ajro. when they were 
superseded by the Franeisean Sisters of the 
Saered Heart from Joliet, who lield the school 
ever siru-e and